Ogasawara, Tokyo

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Ogasawara
小笠原村
Village
Ogasawara Village Skyline
Ogasawara Village Skyline
Flag of Ogasawara
Flag
Official seal of Ogasawara
Symbol
Ogasawara is located in Japan
Ogasawara
Ogasawara
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 26°59′53″N 142°13′05″E / 26.99806°N 142.21806°E / 26.99806; 142.21806Coordinates: 26°59′53″N 142°13′05″E / 26.99806°N 142.21806°E / 26.99806; 142.21806
Country Japan
Region Kantō[1]
Prefecture Tokyo Metropolis
(Ogasawara Subprefecture)
District None
Government
 • Mayor Kazuo Morishita
Area
 • Total 104.41 km2 (40.31 sq mi)
Population (October 2016)
 • Total 3,029
 • Density 26.5/km2 (69/sq mi)
Symbols
 • Tree Screw pine
 • Flower Munin Himetsubaki (Schima mertensiana)
 • Bird Bonin white-eye
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
City hall address Nishimachi, Chichi-jima, Ogasawara-mura, Tōkyō-to
100-2101
Website www.vill.ogasawara.tokyo.jp
Port of Futami, Chichi-jima

Ogasawara (小笠原村 Ogasawara-mura?) is a village (or, more accurately, a rural municipality) in Ogasawara Subprefecture, Tokyo Metropolis, Japan, that governs the Bonin Islands, Volcano Islands and three remote islands (Nishinoshima, Minami Torishima and Okinotorishima).

History[edit]

In 1940, five municipalities were created in the islands, which had been unincorporated before, two on Chichijima, two on Hahajima, and one on Iwojima.[2]

  • Ōmura (大村?) on Chichijima
  • Ōgimura-Fukurosawa (扇村袋沢村?) on Chichijima
  • Kitamura (北村?) on Hahajima
  • Okimura (沖村?) on Hahajima
  • Iōtō (硫黄島村?) on Iwojima (Iōtō), which includes all of the Volcano Islands

Both villages of Kita Iwo Jima became part of the newly created Iwojima municipality in 1940:

  • Ishinomura (east)
  • Nishimura (west)

Geography[edit]

The municipality consists of the following groups and single isolated islands:

  • Bonin Islands (小笠原群島 Ogasawara Guntō?), 73.00 km2
    • Mukojima rettō (聟島列島?), 6.57 km2
    • Chichijima rettō (父島列島?), 38.89 km2
    • Hahajima rettō (母島列島?), 27.54 km2
  • Nishinoshima (西之島?, lit. "Western Island"; also known as Rosario Island), a single isolated island west of Hahajima rettō and north of the Volcano Islands, 0.29 km2
  • Volcano Islands (火山列島 Kazan-rettō?) 29.71 km2
    • Kita Iwojima (北硫黄島 Kita-Iōtō?, lit. "North Sulphur Island") 5.57 km2
    • Iwojima (硫黄島 Iōtō?, lit. "Sulphur Island") 20.60 km2
    • Minami Iwojima (南硫黄島 Minami-Iōtō?, lit. "South Sulphur Island") 3.54 km2
  • Okinotorishima (沖ノ鳥島 or 沖鳥島?, lit. "Remote Bird Island") 0.01 km2
  • Minamitorishima (南鳥島?, lit. "Southern Bird Island"; also known as Marcus Island) 1.40 km2

The southernmost (uninhabited) group is known as the Volcano Islands. 700 km further south is Okino Torishima, and 1,900 km further east is Minamitorishima.

The population of the municipality resides on Chichi-jima (pop. about 2300) and Haha-jima (pop. about 500). The administration and village hall is located in the village of Omura on Chichi-jima. In addition, there is an air base with 400 soldiers on Iwojima of the Volcano Islands.[citation needed]

Education[edit]

Ogasawara Village operates the island's public elementary and junior high schools.[citation needed]

The Tokyo Metropolitan Government Board of Education operates Ogasawara High School on Chichi-jima.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 伊豆・小笠原諸島における 情報通信インフラ整備状況の調査 Archived October 24, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. (Survey on improvement conditions of telecommunication infrastructures in Izu-Ogasawara Islands), Kantō Bureau of Telecommunications, retrieved on October 16, 2008.
  2. ^ "Historical Development" (in Japanese). 

External links[edit]