Olonkinbyen

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Olonkinbyen
Olonkinbyen is located in Europe
Olonkinbyen
Location of Olonkinbyen in Europe
Coordinates: 70°55′19″N 8°42′54″W / 70.92194°N 8.71500°W / 70.92194; -8.71500
Population
 • Total 18
Meteorological Observatory and Loran-C station on Jan Mayen
Olonkinbyen on the Jan Mayen
Aerial view of Olonkinbyen

Olonkinbyen or Olonkin City/Town (Norwegian: Olonkinbyen) is the only settlement on the Norwegian island of Jan Mayen. It was named after the explorer Gennady Olonkin and is the legally defined capital of the island.[1]

The only inhabitants on the island are personnel working for the Norwegian Armed Forces and the Norwegian Meteorological Institute. Olonkinbyen houses the staff that operates the meteorological observation station, Loran-C station, Jan Mayensfield air field and other infrastructure. This staff make up the entirety of the island's population. The meteorological observation service staff is responsible for radiosonde release and synoptic weather observations. The crew of the meteorological station is engaged for six months at a time. [2] [3]

Supplies are delivered eight times a year by aircraft. Fuel and heavy goods are transported by boat during the summer. The settlement generates its own electrical power via three generators.[4][5]


Climate data for Olonkinbyen
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −5
(23)
−5
(23)
−5
(23)
−3
(27)
0
(32)
3
(37)
5
(41)
5
(41)
3
(37)
1
(34)
−2
(28)
−4
(25)
−0.6
(30.9)
Average low °C (°F) −10
(14)
−11
(12)
−11
(12)
−9
(16)
−5
(23)
−2
(28)
0
(32)
1
(34)
−1
(30)
−4
(25)
−7
(19)
−9
(16)
−5.7
(21.8)
Average precipitation cm (inches) 8
(3)
5
(2)
8
(3)
5
(2)
5
(2)
5
(2)
5
(2)
8
(3)
8
(3)
10
(4)
8
(3)
8
(3)
83
(32)
Source: [6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Gennadij Olonkin". polarhistorie.no. Retrieved October 1, 2016. 
  2. ^ "Loran Station Jan Mayen". loran-history.info. Retrieved October 1, 2016. 
  3. ^ "Jan Mayen - Airfield "Jan Mayensfield"". Jan Mayensfield. Retrieved October 1, 2016. 
  4. ^ Images and Information on Olonkin City
  5. ^ "Oppgavene på Jan Mayen". Meteorologisk institutt. Retrieved October 1, 2016. 
  6. ^ World Climate Guide

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 70°55′19″N 8°42′54″W / 70.922°N 8.715°W / 70.922; -8.715