Order of precedence in Scotland

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The order of precedence in Scotland was fixed by Royal Warrant in 1905.[1] Amendments were made by further Warrants in 1952, 1958, 1999 to coincide with the establishment of the Scottish Parliament and Scottish Government and most recently in 2012.[2]

The relative precedence of peers of Scotland is determined by the Act of Union 1707.

Gentlemen[edit]

  1. The Sovereign (The Queen, Elizabeth II)
  2. Spouse of the Sovereign (Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh)
  3. The Lord High Commissioner to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, when it is in session (office held by a woman in 2017 - Anne, Princess Royal[3])
  4. The Heir Apparent (The Duke of Rothesay)
  5. Younger Sons of the Sovereign
    1. The Earl of Inverness
    2. The Earl of Wessex
  6. Grandsons of the Sovereign
    1. The Earl of Strathearn
    2. Prince Harry
    3. Viscount Severn
    4. Peter Phillips
  7. Brothers of the Sovereign (of which there are none)
  8. Uncles of the Sovereign (none living)
  9. Nephews of the Sovereign (The Earl of Snowdon)
  10. Lords Lieutenants (see list below)
  11. Sheriff Principal (during term of office and with bounds of Sheriffdom)
  12. The Lord High Chancellor (office held by a woman)
  13. The Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland (2017–2018: Derek Browning)[4]
  14. The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, First Lord of the Treasury (office held by a woman)[dubious ]
  15. Commonwealth Prime Ministers, while visiting the UK, in order of appointment[dubious ]
  16. The Speaker of the House of Commons (John Bercow MP)[dubious ]
  17. The Lord Speaker of the House of Lords (Norman Fowler, Baron Fowler)[dubious ]
  18. The President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom[5] (David Neuberger, Baron Neuberger of Abbotsbury) (Please note source is unreliable as The Edinburgh Gazette is the official newspaper of the United Kingdom Government for Scotland.)
  19. The Keeper of the Great Seal of Scotland (Nicola Sturgeon, the First Minister of Scotland)
  20. The Presiding Officer of the Scottish Parliament (Ken Macintosh)
  21. The Secretary of State for Scotland (David Mundell MP)
  22. The Lord High Constable of Scotland (Merlin Hay, 24th Earl of Erroll)
  23. The Master of the Household in Scotland (Torquhil Campbell, 13th Duke of Argyll)
  24. Dukes
  25. Eldest sons of dukes of Blood royal
    1. Alexander Windsor, Earl of Ulster, only son of Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester
    2. George Windsor, Earl of St Andrews, eldest son of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent
    3. Prince George of Cambridge, only son of Prince William, Earl of Strathearn
  26. Ministers, Envoys, and other very important visitors from foreign countries[dubious ]
  27. Lord Great Chamberlain (David Cholmondeley, 7th Marquess of Cholmondeley)[dubious ]
  28. Marquesses
  29. Eldest sons of dukes (see list)
  30. Earls
  31. Younger sons of dukes of Blood royal
    1. Lord Nicholas Windsor
  32. Eldest sons of marquesses
  33. Younger sons of dukes
  34. Lord Justice General (Colin Sutherland, Lord Carloway)
  35. Lord Clerk Register (James Mackay, Baron Mackay of Clashfern)
  36. Lord Advocate (James Wolffe)
  37. Advocate General for Scotland (Richard Keen, Baron Keen of Elie)
  38. Lord Justice Clerk (Leeona Dorrian, Lady Dorrian)
  39. Viscounts
  40. Eldest sons of earls
  41. Lord Frederick Windsor
  42. Younger sons of marquesses
  43. Barons and Lords of Parliament
  44. Eldest sons of viscounts
  45. Younger sons of earls
  46. Eldest sons of barons
  47. Knights of the Garter
  48. Knights of the Thistle
  49. Knights of St Patrick (none, order dormant)
  50. Privy Counsellors
  51. Senators of the College of Justice and the Chairman of the Scottish Land Court
  52. Younger sons of viscounts
  53. Younger sons of barons
  54. Sons of Law Life Peers
  55. Baronets
  56. Knights Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
  57. Knights Grand Commanders of the Order of the Star of India (none, order dormant)
  58. Knights Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George
  59. Knights Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire (none, order dormant)
  60. Knights Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order
  61. Knights Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire
  62. Knights Commanders of the Order of the Bath
  63. Knights Commanders of the Order of the Star of India (none, order dormant)
  64. Knights Commanders of the Order of St Michael and St George
  65. Knights Commanders of the Order of the Indian Empire (none, order dormant)
  66. Knights Commanders of the Royal Victorian Order
  67. Knights Commanders of the Order of the British Empire
  68. Solicitor General for Scotland (Lesley Thomson – see Order of Precedence for Ladies below)
  69. Lyon King of Arms (Joseph Morrow)
  70. Scottish Barons
  71. Sheriffs-Principal
  72. Knights Bachelor
  73. Sheriffs
  74. Companions of the Order of the Bath
  75. Companions of the Order of the Star of India (none, order dormant)
  76. Companions of the Order of St Michael and St George
  77. Companions of the Order of the Indian Empire (none, order dormant)
  78. Commanders of the Royal Victorian Order
  79. Commanders of the Order of the British Empire
  80. Lieutenants of the Royal Victorian Order
  81. Companions of the Distinguished Service Order
  82. Officers of the Order of the British Empire
  83. Companions of the Imperial Service Order
  84. Eldest sons of younger sons of peers
  85. Eldest sons of baronets
  86. Eldest sons of Knights of the Garter
  87. Eldest sons of Knights of the Thistle
  88. Eldest sons of Knights of St Patrick
  89. Eldest sons of Knights Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
  90. Eldest sons of Knights Grand Commander of the Star of India
  91. Eldest sons of Knights Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George
  92. Eldest sons of Knights Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire
  93. Eldest sons of Knights Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order
  94. Eldest sons of Knights Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire
  95. Eldest sons of Knights Commander of the Order of the Bath
  96. Eldest sons of Knights Commander of the Order of the Star of India
  97. Eldest sons of Knights Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George
  98. Eldest sons of Knights Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire
  99. Eldest sons of Knights Commander of the Royal Victorian Order
  100. Eldest sons of Knights Commander of the Order of the British Empire
  101. Members of the Royal Victorian Order
  102. Members of the Order of the British Empire
  103. Younger sons of baronets
  104. Younger sons of Knights of the Garter
  105. Younger sons of Knights of the Thistle
  106. Younger sons of Knights of St Patrick
  107. Younger sons of Knights Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
  108. Younger sons of Knights Grand Commander of the Star of India
  109. Younger sons of Knights Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George
  110. Younger sons of Knights Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire
  111. Younger sons of Knights Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order
  112. Younger sons of Knights Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire
  113. Younger sons of Knights Commander of the Order of the Bath
  114. Younger sons of Knights Commander of the Order of the Star of India
  115. Younger sons of Knights Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George
  116. Younger sons of Knights Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire
  117. Younger sons of Knights Commander of the Royal Victorian Order
  118. Younger sons of Knights Commander of the Order of the British Empire
  119. Queen's Counsel
  120. Esquires
  121. Gentlemen

Ladies[edit]

The order of precedence accorded to women of the royal family differs depending on whether or not they are accompanied by a husband who is accorded higher precedence. When unaccompanied, blood relations of the sovereign are always accorded higher precedence, for example, when not accompanied by Prince Charles, Camilla ranks after Princess Alexandra; when with her husband, Camilla ranks above all women other than the reigning sovereign and any queens dowager.[6]

  • The Queen, Elizabeth II
  • Queens dowager (none surviving; most recently widowed first)
  • Daughters-in-law of the sovereign (if accompanying their husbands)
  • Daughters of the sovereign
  • Granddaughters-in-law of the sovereign (if accompanying their husbands; ordered according to their husbands' precedence)
  • Granddaughters of the sovereign (ordered according to the rules of primogeniture)
  • Sisters-in-law of the sovereign (if accompanying their husbands; none)
  • Sisters of the sovereign (none surviving)
  • Aunts (by marriage) of the sovereign (if accompanying their husbands; none surviving)
  • Aunts (by blood) of the sovereign (none surviving)
  • Nieces (by marriage) of the sovereign (if accompanying their husbands)
  • Nieces (by blood) of the sovereign
  • Granddaughters-in-law of former sovereigns (whose husbands are dukes; if accompanying their husbands)
  • Granddaughters-in-law of former sovereigns (whose husbands aren't dukes; if accompanying their husbands)
  • Granddaughters of former sovereigns
  • Daughters-in-law of the sovereign (if not accompanying their husbands)
    • Camilla, Duchess of Rothesay
    • Sophie, Countess of Wessex
  • Granddaughters-in-law of the sovereign (if not accompanying their husbands; ordered according to their husbands' precedence)
    • Catherine, Countess of Strathearn
  • Sisters-in-law of the sovereign (if not accompanying their husbands; none)
  • Aunts (by marriage) of the sovereign (if not accompanying their husbands; none surviving)
  • Nieces (by marriage) of the sovereign (if not accompanying their husbands)
    • Serena Armstrong-Jones, Countess of Snowdon
  • Granddaughters-in-law of former sovereigns (whose husbands are dukes; if not accompanying their husbands)
    • Birgitte, Duchess of Gloucester
    • Katharine, Duchess of Kent
  • Granddaughters-in-law of former sovereigns (whose husbands aren't dukes; if not accompanying their husbands)
    • Princess Michael of Kent
    • Patricia Lascelles, Dowager Countess of Harewood

nb: since there is no specific place in the order for a great-grandchild of the Sovereign (no matter how directly in line), Princess Charlotte of Cambridge must presumably take precedence as the daughter of a Duke of the Blood Royal (see below).

  1. Sheriff Principal (during term of office and with bounds of Sheriffdom)
  2. The Lord High Chancellor (Elizabeth Truss)
  3. The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, First Lord of the Treasury (Theresa May)
  4. Commonwealth Prime Ministers, while visiting the UK, in order of appointment[dubious ]
  5. Ambassadors of foreign countries and High Commissioners of Commonwealth countries according to date of arrival[dubious ]
  6. Duchesses
  7. Claire Booth, wife of Earl of Ulster
  8. Sylvana Tomaselli, wife of Earl of St Andrews
  9. Lady Davina Windsor, elder daughter of the Duke of Gloucester
  10. Lady Rose Gilman, younger daughter of the Duke of Gloucester
  11. Lady Helen Taylor, only daughter of the Duke of Kent
  12. Princess Charlotte of Cambridge, only daughter of the Earl of Strathearn
  13. Marchionesses
  14. Wives of dukes' eldest sons
  15. Daughters of dukes not married to peers
  16. Countesses
  17. Wives of marquesses' eldest sons
  18. Lady Gabriella Windsor
  19. Marquesses' daughters not married to peers
  20. Wives of dukes' younger sons
  21. Viscountesses
  22. Wives of eldest sons of earls or of countesses in their own right
  23. Earls' daughters not married to peers
  24. Sophie Winkleman, wife of Lord Frederick Windsor
  25. Wives of marquesses' younger sons
  26. Baronesses, wives of Lords of Parliament and female holders of Lordships of Parliament
  27. Wives of viscounts' eldest sons
  28. Viscounts' daughters not married to peers
  29. Wives of younger sons of earls or of countesses in their own right
  30. Wives of eldest sons of barons or baronesses
  31. Daughters of barons or baronesses
  32. Ladies of the Garter
    1. Anne Princess Royal
    2. Princess Alexandra, the Honourable Lady Ogilvy
    3. Eliza Manningham-Buller, Baroness Manningham-Buller
  33. Ladies of the Thistle
    1. Anne Princess Royal
  34. Wives of Knights of the Garter
    • all rank higher, except:
    1. Valerie Stephen
    2. Mary Colman
    3. June Hillary
    4. Jennifer Acland
    5. Norma Major
  1. Wives of Knights of the Thistle
    • all rank higher, except:
    1. Poppy Anderson
  1. Privy Counsellors
  2. Senators of the College of Justice
  3. Wives of viscounts' younger sons
  4. Wives of younger sons of barons or baronesses
  5. Wives of baronets
  6. Dames Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
  7. Dames Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George
  8. Dames Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order
  9. Dames Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire
  10. Wives of Knights Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
  11. Wives of Knights Grand Commander of the Order of the Star of India
  12. Wives of Knights Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George
  13. Wives of Knights Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire
  14. Wives of Knights Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order
  15. Wives of Knights Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire
  16. Dames Commander of the Order of the Bath
  17. Dames Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George
  18. Dames Commander of the Royal Victorian Order
  19. Dames Commandes of the Order of the British Empire
  20. Solicitor General for Scotland (Alison Di Rollo)
  21. Wives of Knights Commander of the Order of the Bath
  22. Wives of Knights Commander of the Order of the Star of India
  23. Wives of Knights Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George
  24. Wives of Knights Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire
  25. Wives of Knights Commander of the Royal Victorian Order
  26. Wives of Knights Commander of the Order of the British Empire
  27. Companions of the Order of the Bath
  28. Companions of the Order of St Michael and St George
  29. Commanders of the Royal Victorian Order
  30. Commanders of the Order of the British Empire
  31. Wives of Companions of the Order of the Bath
  32. Wives of Companions of the Order of the Star of India
  33. Wives of Companions of the Order of St Michael and St George
  34. Wives of Companions of the Order of the Indian Empire
  35. Wives of Commanders of the Royal Victorian Order
  36. Wives of Commanders of the Order of the British Empire
  37. Wives of Companions of the Distinguished Service Order
  38. Lieutenants of the Royal Victorian Order
  39. Officers of the Order of the British Empire
  40. Wives of Lieutenants of the Royal Victorian Order
  41. Wives of Officers of the Order of the British Empire
  42. Wives of Senators of the College of Justice
  43. Wives of Knights Bachelor
  44. Companions of the Imperial Service Order
  45. Wives of Companions of the Imperial Service Order
  46. Wives of the eldest sons of sons of peers or peeresses
  47. Daughters of sons of peers or peeresses
  48. Wives of the eldest sons of baronets
  49. Daughters of baronets
  50. Wives of eldest sons of Knights of the Garter
  51. Wives of eldest sons of Knights of the Thistle
  52. Wives of eldest sons of Knights of St Patrick
  53. Wives of eldest sons of Knights Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
  54. Wives of eldest sons of Knights Grand Commander of the Star of India
  55. Wives of eldest sons of Knights Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George
  56. Wives of eldest sons of Knights Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire
  57. Wives of eldest sons of Knights Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order
  58. Wives of eldest sons of Knights Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire
  59. Wives of eldest sons of Knights Commander of the Order of the Bath
  60. Wives of eldest sons of Knights Commander of the Order of the Star of India
  61. Wives of eldest sons of Knights Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George
  62. Wives of eldest sons of Knights Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire
  63. Wives of eldest sons of Knights Commander of the Royal Victorian Order
  64. Wives of eldest sons of Knights Commander of the Order of the British Empire
  65. Daughters of Knights of the Garter
  66. Daughters of Knights of the Thistle
  67. Daughters of Knights of St Patrick
  68. Daughters of Knights Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
  69. Daughters of Knights Grand Commander of the Star of India
  70. Daughters of Knights Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George
  71. Daughters of Knights Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire
  72. Daughters of Knights Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order
  73. Daughters of Knights Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire
  74. Daughters of Knights Commander of the Order of the Bath
  75. Daughters of Knights Commander of the Order of the Star of India
  76. Daughters of Knights Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George
  77. Daughters of Knights Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire
  78. Daughters of Knights Commander of the Royal Victorian Order
  79. Daughters of Knights Commander of the Order of the British Empire
  80. Members of the Royal Victorian Order
  81. Members of the Order of the British Empire
  82. Wives of Members of the Royal Victorian Order
  83. Wives of Members of the Order of the British Empire
  84. Wives of younger sons of baronets
  85. Wives of younger sons of Knights of the Garter
  86. Wives of younger sons of Knights of the Thistle
  87. Wives of younger sons of Knights of St Patrick
  88. Wives of younger sons of Knights Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
  89. Wives of younger sons of Knights Grand Commander of the Star of India
  90. Wives of younger sons of Knights Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George
  91. Wives of younger sons of Knights Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire
  92. Wives of younger sons of Knights Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order
  93. Wives of younger sons of Knights Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire
  94. Wives of younger sons of Knights Commander of the Order of the Bath
  95. Wives of younger sons of Knights Commander of the Order of the Star of India
  96. Wives of younger sons of Knights Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George
  97. Wives of younger sons of Knights Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire
  98. Wives of younger sons of Knights Commander of the Royal Victorian Order

Local Precedence[edit]

  1. The Lord Lieutenant of the lieutenancy areas (the Lord Provost is Lord Lieutenant in the 4 largest cities):
  2. The Provost
  3. The Deputy Provost
  4. Justices of the Peace
  5. The Chief Constable

References[edit]

  1. ^ "No. 27774". The London Gazette. 14 March 1905. p. 2012. 
  2. ^ The Table of Precedence Amongst Ladies in Scotland from Debretts's
  3. ^ http://www.theedinburghreporter.co.uk/2017/05/the-princess-royal-opens-the-general-assembly/
  4. ^ http://www.theedinburghreporter.co.uk/2017/05/the-princess-royal-opens-the-general-assembly/
  5. ^ http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/59201/pages/page.htm
  6. ^ "Precedence Amongst Ladies in England and Wales". Debrett's. n.d. Archived from the original on 16 March 2015. Retrieved 3 March 2015. 

External links[edit]