Parisii (Gaul)

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Location of the Parisii
A map of Gaul in the 1st century BC, showing the relative positions of the Celtic tribes.
Gold coins of the Parisii, 1st century BC, (Cabinet des Médailles, Paris)
Coin of the Parisii: obverse with horse, 1st century BC (Cabinet des Médailles, Paris)
Coins of the Parisii (Metropolitan Museum of Art.

The Parisii were Celtic Iron Age people who lived on the banks of the river Seine (in Latin, Sequana) in Gaul from the middle of the third century BC until the Roman era. With the Suessiones, the Parisii participated in the general rising of Vercingetorix against Julius Caesar in 52 BC. Before the Roman period the Parisii had their own gold coinage.[1]

First mentioned in the Commentarii de Bello Gallico, [2] the area tribe Parisii colonized at about 250 B.C., was Ile de la Cité, and this is therefore the location of the first colonization of the area of land (of about 17 hectares) which would develop as a settlement to become the French city, Paris. An ancient trade route for Germania and Hispania existed at the the Ile, by way of the meeting of the Oise and Marne rivers with the Seine. [3][4] The tribes chief city (oppidum) was on the site of Lutetia, which later became a moderately important city in the Roman province of Gallia Lugdunensis and ultimately the modern city of Paris, whose name is derived from theirs. According to Caesar's writings, when the Romans entered to this territory, the Parisii started burning down their own towns for they are willing to give up these possessions rather than it would be taken by the Romans.[1]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Paris". Encyclopædia Britannica Ultimate Reference Suite. Chicago: Encyclopædia Britannica. 2014. 
  2. ^ E. Planta - A new picture of Paris; or, The stranger's guide to the French metropolis Samuel Leigh & Baldwin & Cradock 1831 (16th edition) > 1st return Retrieved 2017-04-23
  3. ^ Andrew Ayers - The Architecture of Paris: An Architectural Guide Edition Axel Menges, 2004 ISBN 393069896X Retrieved 2017-04-23
  4. ^ H. Sauval - Histoire et recherches des antiquités de la ville de Paris, Volume 1 chés C. Moette, 1724 > 1st return Retrieved 2017-04-23

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Media related to Parisii (Gaul) at Wikimedia Commons