Polygonal masonry

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Polygonal masonry is a technique of stone construction. True polygonal masonry is a technique wherein the visible surfaces of the stones are dressed with straight sides or joints, giving the block the appearance of a polygon.[1]

This technique is found throughout the world and sometimes corresponds to the less technical category of Cyclopean masonry.[2]

Armenia[edit]

Saint Hripsime Church, 618, with later alterations, an important early church

Bolivia[edit]

Bosnia[edit]

These are the remains of the outer walls of Daorson, as seen in 2013.

Brazil[edit]

Bulgaria[edit]

Canada[edit]

Hatley Castle, garden side

China[edit]

The "xi shi" stone bridge
In the submerged city of Shicheng

Chile[edit]

Connecticut[edit]

The tomb before the addition of a second wing
Memorial Quadrangle Gate

Crimea[edit]

The Ruins of Mangup (Doros): Capital of the Crimean Goths
The modern day ruins of Mangup (Doros): Capital of the Crimean Goths.

Easter Island[edit]

Ecuador[edit]

Finland[edit]

A part of the wall of the Bomarsund Fortress

France[edit]

  • Beaugency City hall
City hall

Germany[edit]

Georgia[edit]

Greece[edit]

Section of polygonal wall at Delphi, behind a pillar from the Athenian Stoa.

Hungary[edit]

India[edit]

Indonesia[edit]

Italy[edit]

In Italy it is particularly indicative of the region of Latium, but it occurs also in Etruria, Lucania, Samnium, and Umbria; scholars including Giuseppe Lugli have carried out studies of the technique.[3][4] Some notable sites that have fortification walls built in this technique include Norba, Signia, Alatri, Boiano, Circeo, Cosa, Alba Fucens, Palestrina, and Terracina.[5]

View of a polygonal masonry wall at Rusellae, Italy
Section of the ancient polygonal masonry wall of Amelia, Italy (ancient Ameria)
A detail of the polygonal masonry bastion flanking the Porta Maggiore.
  • The so-called Porta Rosa of the ancient city of Velia employs a variant of the technique known as Lesbian masonry.[1]
Velia, Porta Rosa

Japan[edit]

Outer Moat and Osaka Business Park
Naha Shuri Castle50s3s4500.jpg
Naha Shuri Castle50s3s4500
Oka Castle

Latvia[edit]

Malta[edit]

Mexico[edit]

Montenegro[edit]

Morocco[edit]

Peru[edit]

Sacsayhuamán, Cusco, Perú, 2015-07-31, DD 27.JPG
Sacsayhuamán, Cusco, Perú, 2015-07-31, DD 27
Coricancha, Cusco, Perú, 2015-07-31, DD 68.JPG
Coricancha, Cusco, Perú, 2015-07-31, DD 68
Chinchero Archaeological site - overview.png
Chinchero Archaeological site - overview
Pumacocha Archaeological site - wall.jpg
Pumacocha Archaeological site - wall

Philippines[edit]

Portugal[edit]

Romania[edit]

  • City Hall of Campulung Muscel
The statue of Negru Vodă
The statue of Negru Vodă
Curtea de Argeș Cathedral in a 1880 engraving
Iulia Hasdeu Castle

Russia[edit]

RUS-2016-Aerial-SPB-Forts of Kronstadt (Fort Alexander I).jpg
RUS-2016-Aerial-SPB-Forts of Kronstadt (Fort Alexander I)

Spain[edit]

Sudan[edit]

Sweden[edit]

Syria[edit]

Thailand[edit]

Turkey[edit]

Selimiye Kışlası
Enderûn Library

United Kingdom[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b G.R.H. Wright (23 November 2009). Ancient Building Technology, Volume 3: Construction (2 Vols). BRILL. pp. 154–. ISBN 90-04-17745-0. 
  2. ^ Carmelo G. Malacrino (2010). Constructing the Ancient World: Architectural Techniques of the Greeks and Romans. Getty Publications. pp. 97–. ISBN 978-1-60606-016-2. 
  3. ^ Frank, T. 1924. "Roman buildings of the Republic: an attempt to date them from their materials." MAAR 3.
  4. ^ Giuseppe Lugli (1957). La Tecnica Edilizia Romana Con Particolare Riguardo a Roma E Lazio: Testo. 1. Johnson Reprint. 
  5. ^ Jeffrey Alan Becker (2007). The Building Blocks of Empire: Civic Architecture, Central Italy, and the Roman Middle Republic. ProQuest. pp. 109–. ISBN 978-0-549-55847-7. 
  • P. Gros. 1996. L'architecture romaine: du début du IIIe siècle av. J.-C. à la fin du Haut-Empire. 2 v. Paris: Picard.