1. Film – This optical illusion causes the audience to perceive continuous motion between separate objects viewed rapidly in succession. The process of filmmaking is both an industry. The word "cinema", short for cinematography, is often used to refer to the art of filmmaking itself. Films were originally recorded through a photochemical process, then shown through a movie projector onto a large screen. The adoption of special effects led to the use of digital intermediates. Most contemporary films are now fully digital through the entire process of production, exhibition from start to finish. It is not projected. Films are cultural artifacts created by specific cultures. , in turn, affect them. Film is considered to be an important art form, a powerful medium for educating -- or indoctrinating -- citizens. The visual basis of film gives a universal power of communication. Some films have become worldwide attractions by using dubbing or subtitles to translate the dialog into the language of the viewer. Some have criticized its potentially negative treatment of women. The individual images that make up a film are called frames. The perception of motion is due to a psychological effect called phenomenon.Film – A vintage Fox movietone motion picture camera
2. Film industry – Though the expense involved in making movies almost immediately led film production to concentrate under the auspices of standing production companies. Hollywood is the largest in terms of box office gross and number of screens. In Europe the United Kingdom, France, Italy, Spain, Germany are the countries that lead movie production. The theatrical market had a box office of US$38.3 billion in 2015. Distinct from the centers are the locations where movies are filmed. However, four of the six major film studios are owned by East Coast companies. American film studios collectively generate every year making the United States one of the most prolific producers of films in the world. Only The Walt Disney Company — which owns the Walt Disney Studios — is fully based in Southern California. And while Sony Pictures Entertainment is headquartered in Culver City, its parent company, the Sony Corporation, is headquartered in Tokyo, Japan. Most shooting now takes place in California, New York, Louisiana, North Carolina. Hollywood is the highest-grossing film industry in the world. Between 2009-2015, Hollywood consistently grossed $ billion annually. Jenkins used his Phantoscope to project his film before an audience of family, reporters. The film featured a vaudeville dancer performing a Butterfly Dance. His new partner Thomas Armat modified the Phantoscope for exhibitions in temporary theaters at the Cotton States Exposition in the fall of 1895.Film industry – A scene from Raja Harishchandra (1913) – credited as the second full-length Indian motion picture, after Pundalik (1912).
3. Camera – A camera is an optical instrument for recording or capturing images, which may be stored locally, transmitted to another location, or both. The images may be still photographs or sequences of images constituting videos or movies. The camera is a sensing device as it senses subjects without physical contact. The photographic camera evolved from the camera obscura. The functioning of the camera is very similar to the functioning of the human eye. A camera may work with other portions of the electromagnetic spectrum. All cameras use the basic design: light enters an enclosed box through a converging lens/convex lens and an image is recorded on a light-sensitive medium. A mechanism controls the length of time that light can enter the camera. Often a liquid crystal display, permits the user to view scene to be recorded and settings such as ISO speed, exposure, shutter speed. When the images are displayed in order, the illusion of motion is achieved. The forerunner to the photographic camera was the obscura. The oldest known record of this principle is a description by Han Chinese philosopher Mozi. Mozi correctly asserted that the camera image is inverted because light travels in straight lines from its source. In the 11th century Arab physicist Ibn al-Haytham's wrote very influential essays through a small opening in a darkened room. Since the 17th century portable camera obscura devices in tents and boxes were used as a drawing aid.Camera – Canon EOS 5D Mark III, a digital single-lens reflex camera
4. Animation – The illusion—as in motion pictures in general—is thought to rely on the phi phenomenon. Animators are artists who specialize in the creation of animation. To display animation, projector are used along with new technologies that are produced. Animation creation methods include those involving three-dimensional objects, paper cutouts, puppets and clay figures. Images are displayed in a rapid succession, usually 24, 60 frames per second. Computer animation processes generating animated images with the general term computer-generated imagery. 3D animation uses computer graphics, while 2D animation is used for stylistic, low bandwidth and faster real-time renderings. An goblet discovered at the site of the Shahr-e Sūkhté in southeastern Iran, depicts what could possibly be the world's oldest example of animation. The artifact bears five sequential images depicting a Persian Desert Ibex jumping up to eat the leaves of a tree. In the 19th century, the phenakistoscope, zoetrope and praxinoscope were introduced. The phenakistoscope was invented simultaneously by Belgian Joseph Plateau and Austrian Simon von Stampfer in 1831. The phenakistoscope consists of a disk with a series of images, drawn on radi evenly space around the center of the disk. John Barnes Linnett patented the flip book as the kineograph. The first animated projection was created in France, by Charles-Émile Reynaud, a French science teacher. Reynaud created the Praxinoscope in 1877 and the Théâtre Optique in December 1888.Animation – A phenakistoscope disc by Eadweard Muybridge (1893)
5. Special effect – Special effects are traditionally divided into the categories of mechanical effects. Mechanical effects are usually accomplished during the live-action shooting. This includes the use of mechanized props, scenery, scale models, animatronics, atmospheric effects: creating physical wind, rain, fog, snow, clouds, etc.. Blowing up a building are examples of mechanical effects. Mechanical effects are often incorporated into set makeup. An optical effect might be used to place sets against a different background. Since the 1990s, computer generated imagery has come to the forefront of special technologies. It allows many effects to be accomplished more safely and convincingly and -- as technology improves -- at lower costs. As a result, techniques have been superseded by CGI. In 1857, Oscar Rejlander created the world's first "photograph" by combining different sections of 30 negatives into a single image. In 1895, Alfred Clark created what is commonly accepted as the first-ever motion picture special effect. While filming a reenactment of the beheading of Mary, Queen of Scots, Clark instructed an actor to step up to the block in Mary's costume. He placed a Mary dummy in the actor's place, allowed the executioner to bring the axe down, severing the dummy's head. Techniques like these would dominate the production of special effects for a century. Georges Méliès accidentally discovered the same "trick."Special effect – Bluescreens are commonly used in chroma key special effects.
6. Art – Until the 17th century, art was not differentiated from crafts or sciences. Art may be characterized in terms of mimesis, expression, other qualities. During the Romantic period, art came to be seen as "a special faculty of the human mind to be classified with science". Related concepts such as creativity and interpretation, are explored in a branch of philosophy known as aesthetics. English words derived from this meaning include artifact, artificial, artifice, military arts. However, there are many colloquial uses of the word, all with some relation to its etymology. Several dialogues in Plato tackle questions about art: Socrates says that poetry is not rational. In Ion, Socrates gives no hint of the disapproval of Homer that he expresses in the Republic. For example, music imitates with language. The forms also differ in their object of imitation. Comedy, for instance, is a dramatic imitation of men worse than average; whereas tragedy imitates men slightly better than average. Lastly, the forms differ in their manner of imitation -- through narrative or character, through drama or no drama. Aristotle constitutes one of mankind's advantages over animals. The more recent, sense of the word art as an abbreviation for creative art or fine art emerged in the early 17th century. Art is something that stimulates an individual's thoughts, ideas through the senses.Art – Clockwise from upper left: a self-portrait by Vincent van Gogh; a female ancestor figure by a Chokwe artist; detail from the Birth of Venus by Sandro Botticelli; and an Okinawan Shisa lion.
7. Translation – Translation is the communication of the meaning of a source-language text by means of an equivalent target-language text. While interpreting—the facilitating of oral or sign-language communication between users of different languages—antedates writing, translation began only after the appearance of written literature. There exist partial translations of the Sumerian Epic of Gilgamesh into Southwest Asian languages of the second millennium BCE. Translators always risk inappropriate spill-over of source-language idiom and usage into the target-language translation. On the other hand, spill-overs have imported source-language loanwords that have enriched the target languages. Indeed, translators have helped substantially to shape the languages into which they have translated. Because of the laboriousness of translation, since the 1940s engineers have sought to automate translation or to mechanically aid the human translator. The rise of the Internet has facilitated localization. Translation studies systematically study the theory and practice of translation. The English word "translation" derives from the Latin translatio, which comes from "across" + ferre, "to carry" or "to bring". Thus translatio is "a carrying across" or "a bringing across": in this case, of a text from one language to another. Some Slavic languages have calqued their words from translatio. The Romance languages have derived their words from traductio, itself derived from traducere. The remaining Slavic languages have calqued their words from traductio. The Ancient Greek term for "translation", μετάφρασις, has supplied English with "metaphrase" — as contrasted with "paraphrase".Translation – Rosetta Stone
8. Culture – Culture can be defined in numerous ways. In the words of anthropologist E.B. The word is used in a general sense as the evolved ability to act imaginatively and creatively. The level of cultural sophistication has sometimes been seen to distinguish civilizations from less complex societies. Mass culture refers to the mass mediated forms of consumer culture that emerged in the 20th century. In this sense, multiculturalism is a concept that values the peaceful coexistence and mutual respect between different cultures inhabiting the same planet. Sometimes "culture" is also used to describe specific practices within a subgroup of a society, a counterculture. Samuel Pufendorf took in a modern context meaning something similar, but no longer assuming that philosophy was man's natural perfection. Philosopher Edward S. Thus a contrast between "culture" and "civilization" is usually implied in these authors, even when not expressed as such. Culture repositioning means the reconstruction of the cultural concept of a society. Cultures are internally affected by both forces encouraging change and forces resisting change. These social shifts may accompany other types of cultural change. For example, the U.S. feminist movement involved new practices that produced a shift in gender relations, altering economic structures. Environmental conditions may also enter as factors.Culture – Human symbolic expression developed as prehistoric humans reached behavioral modernity
9. Persistence of vision – Like other illusions of visual perception, it is produced by certain characteristics of the visual system. Narrowly defined, the theory of persistence of vision is the belief that human perception of motion is the result of persistence of vision. That version of the theory persists in citations in many modern film-theory texts. A more plausible theory to explain perception are two perceptual illusions: phi phenomenon and beta movement. A visual form of memory known as iconic memory has been described as the cause of this phenomenon. Although physiologists have rejected the relevance of this theory to viewership, film academics and theorists generally have not. Some scientists nowadays consider the entire theory of iconic memory a myth. The discovery of persistence of vision is attributed to the Roman poet Lucretius, although he only mentions it in connection with images seen in a dream. In the modern era, some stroboscopic experiments performed by Peter Mark Roget in 1824 were also cited as the basis for the theory. Persistence of vision is still the accepted term for this phenomenon in the realm of theory. Modern theatrical film runs at 24 frames a second. This is the case for both physical film and digital cinema systems. It is important to distinguish between the rate, which are not necessarily the same. In digital film systems, the scan rate may be decoupled from the rate. This ultra-smooth imaging is called high motion.Persistence of vision – Persistence of Vision as a visual art form, using an array of lights, waved back and forth in space, with the lights controlled by wearable computer
10. Photographic film – This article is mainly concerned with still photography film. For motion film, please see film stock. Other characteristics of the crystals determine the sensitivity, contrast and resolution of the film. The process is too slow and incomplete to be of any practical use. This creates an invisible image in the emulsion, which can be chemically developed into a visible photograph. In addition to visible light, all films are sensitive to ultraviolet, high-energy particles. Unmodified halide crystals are sensitive only to the blue part of the visible spectrum, producing unnatural-looking renditions of some colored subjects. First orthochromatic and finally panchromatic films were developed. Panchromatic film renders all colors in shades of gray approximately matching their subjective brightness. By similar techniques special-purpose films can made sensitive into the infrared region of the spectrum. In photographic film there is usually one layer of silver halide crystals. Color film has at least three sensitive layers, incorporating different combinations of sensitizing dyes. Typically the blue-sensitive layer is on top, followed by a yellow layer to stop any remaining blue light from affecting the layers below. Next come a red-and-blue sensitive layer, which record the green and red images respectively. During development, the exposed silver halide crystals are converted to metallic silver, just as with black-and-white film.Photographic film – 135 Film Cartridge with DX barcode (top) and DX CAS code on the black and white grid below the barcode. The CAS code shows the ISO, number of exposures, exposure latitude (+3/−1 for print film).
11. Film stock – Film stock is an analog medium, used for recording motion pictures or animation. It is a sheet of transparent plastic film base coated on one side with a gelatin emulsion containing microscopically small light-sensitive silver halide crystals. Other characteristics of the crystals determine the sensitivity, contrast and resolution of the film. The process is too slow and incomplete to be of any practical use. This creates an invisible image in the emulsion, which can be chemically developed into a visible photograph. In addition to visible light, all films are sensitive to high-energy particles. Most are at least slightly sensitive to ultraviolet light. Some special-purpose films are sensitive into the infrared region of the spectrum. In photographic film there is usually one layer of silver salts. Color film has at least three sensitive layers. Dyes, which adsorb to the surface of the silver salts, make the crystals sensitive to different colors. Typically the blue-sensitive layer is followed by the green and red layers. During development, the exposed silver salts are converted to metallic silver, just as with black-and-white film. Following development, the silver is converted back in the bleach step. It is removed from the film in the step.Film stock – A film strip
12. Recording medium – A data storage device is a device for recording information. A device may hold information, both. A device that only holds information is a recording medium. That information may either access a separate portable recording medium or a permanent component to store and retrieve data. Electronic storage requires electrical power to retrieve that data. Most storage devices that do not require vision and a brain to read data fall into this category. Electromagnetic data may be stored in either an analog data or digital data format on a variety of media. Most electronically processed data storage media are considered permanent storage, the data will remain stored when power is removed from the device. In contrast, most electronically stored information within most types of semiconductor microcircuits are volatile memory, for it vanishes if power is removed. Bennett, John C.. "'JISC/NPO Studies on the Preservation of Electronic Materials: A Framework of Data Types and Formats, Issues Affecting the Long Term Preservation of Digital Material". British Library Research and Innovation Report 50.Recording medium – Many different consumer electronic devices can store data.
13. Changeling (film) – When, however, she tries to demonstrate this to the city authorities, she is vilified as an unfit mother. Straczynski spent a year researching the story after hearing about the Wineville Chicken Coop case from a contact at Los Angeles City Hall. Almost all of the film's script was drawn from thousands of pages of documentation. His first draft became his first screenplay to be produced. Scheduling conflicts led by Eastwood. Instead, Brian Grazer produced Changeling alongside Malpaso Productions' Robert Lorenz and Eastwood. Universal Pictures financed and distributed the film. The film also stars Jeffrey Donovan, Jason Butler Harner, Amy Ryan. While some characters are composites, most are based on actual people. Eastwood's low-key direction led actors and crew to note the calmness of the set and the short working days. In post-production, scenes were supplemented with computer-generated skylines, people. Changeling premiered to critical acclaim on May 2008. Critical reaction was more mixed than at Cannes. While the acting and story were generally praised, the film's "conventional staging" and "lack of nuance" were criticized. In Los Angeles in 1928, single mother Christine Collins returns home to discover her nine-year-old son, Walter, is missing.Changeling (film) – Theatrical release poster
14. Clint Eastwood – Clinton "Clint" Eastwood, Jr. is an American actor, filmmaker, musician, political figure. These roles, among others, have made an enduring cultural icon of masculinity. Eastwood received considerable critical praise in France including some that were not well received in the United States. In 2000, Eastwood was awarded the Italian Venice Film Festival Golden Lion for achievement. Since 1967, Eastwood has run Malpaso, which has produced all except four of his American films. Starting in 1986, Eastwood served as Mayor of Carmel-by-the-Sea, California, a non-partisan office. Eastwood was born in California, the son of Clinton Eastwood Sr. and Ruth Wood. He has Jeanne Bernhardt. Eastwood is of Dutch ancestry. His family moved often as his father worked along the West Coast. They finally settled in Piedmont, California, where Eastwood attended Piedmont Junior High School. Each parent drove their own car. Instead, he attended Oakland Technical High School, where the drama teachers encouraged him to take part in school plays. However, Eastwood was not interested. "Clint graduated from the shop.Clint Eastwood – Eastwood at the 2010 Toronto International Film Festival
15. J. Michael Straczynski – From 2001 to 2007, Straczynski wrote Marvel Comics' The Amazing Spider-Man, followed by runs on Thor and Fantastic Four. Straczynski has written Before Watchmen for DC Comics. He is the writer of comic book series such as Rising Stars, Midnight Nation, Dream Police, Ten Grand through Joe's Comics. He is a long-time participant in early computer networks, interacting through various online forums since 1984. Two prominent areas where he had a presence were GEnie and the newsgroup rec.arts.sf.tv.babylon5.moderated. He is the son of Evelyn Straczynski. Straczynski was raised in New Jersey; Illinois; Texas; Chula Vista, California, where he graduated from high school; and San Diego, California. Straczynski's family religion was Catholic, he has Belarusian and Polish ancestry. Straczynski is a graduate of San Diego State University, having earned a BA with a double major in psychology and sociology. Straczynski resides in the Los Angeles area. Straczynski began writing plays, having several produced at Southwestern College and San Diego State University before publishing his adaptation of "Snow White" with Performance Publishing. Several other plays were produced around San Diego, including "The Apprenticeship" for the Marquis Public Theater. He also produced his first television project in San Diego, "Marty Sprinkle" for KPBS-TV as well as worked on the XETV-TV project Disasterpiece Theatre. Straczynski wrote The Complete Book of Scriptwriting for Writer's Digest. Published in 1982, the book is often used as a text in introductory screenwriting courses, is now in its third edition.J. Michael Straczynski – J. Michael Straczynski, 2008
16. Los Angeles – Situated in Southern California, Los Angeles is known for its mediterranean climate, as a major center of the American entertainment industry. Los Angeles lies in a coastal basin surrounded by mountains reaching up to and over 10,000 feet. The city was officially founded on September 4, 1781, by Spanish governor Felipe de Neve. It became a part of Mexico in 1821 following the Mexican War of Independence. Los Angeles was incorporated as a municipality on April 4, 1850, five months before California achieved statehood. The city experienced rapid growth with the discovery of oil. Los Angeles is the seat of Los Angeles County, the most populated county in the United States. The city's inhabitants are referred to as Angelenos. It has been ranked 6th in the Global Cities Index and 9th in the Global Economic Power Index. The men's event was watched by over million people worldwide. The Los Angeles coastal area was first settled by the Tongva and Chumash Native American tribes thousands of years ago. A Gabrielino settlement in the area was called meaning "poison place". Missionary Juan Crespí, reached the present site of Los Angeles on August 2, 1769. In 1771, Franciscan friar Junípero Serra directed the building of the Mission San Gabriel Arcángel, the first mission in the area. The Queen of the Angels is an honorific of the Virgin Mary.Los Angeles
17. Angelina Jolie – Angelina Jolie Pitt is an American actress, filmmaker, humanitarian. She has received an Academy Award, two Screen Actors Guild Awards, three Golden Globe Awards, has been cited as Hollywood's highest-paid actress. She made her debut in Lookin' to Get Out. Her career began in earnest Cyborg 2 followed by her first leading role in a major film, Hackers. Jolie's starring role as the video game heroine Lara Croft in Lara Croft: Tomb Raider established her as a leading Hollywood actress. Her biggest commercial success came with the Maleficent. Her personal life is the subject of wide publicity. Divorced from Billy Bob Thornton, Jolie separated in September 2016. They have six children together, three of whom were adopted internationally. Born in Los Angeles, California, Jolie is the daughter of actors Jon Voight and Marcheline Bertrand. She is the sister of actor James Haven and niece of singer-songwriter Chip Taylor. Her godparents are actors Jacqueline Bisset and Maximilian Schell. On her father's side, on her mother's side, she is of primarily French Canadian, German ancestry. Like her mother, Jolie has stated that she is part Iroquois, although her only known indigenous ancestors were 17th-century Hurons. After her parents' separation in 1976, Jolie and her brother lived with their mother, who had abandoned her acting ambitions to focus on raising her children.Angelina Jolie – Jolie at the Global Summit to End Sexual Violence in Conflict in June 2014
18. Ron Howard – Ronald William "Ron" Howard is an American actor and filmmaker. In 1980, he left Happy Days to focus on directing. His films include: the science-fiction/fantasy film Cocoon, the historical docudrama Apollo 13, the thriller The Da Vinci Code. In 2002, he narrated Arrested Development, on which he would also serve as producer and play a semi-fictionalized version of himself. In 2003, he was awarded the National Medal of Arts. Asteroid 12561 Howard is named after him. Howard was inducted in 2013. He has two stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for his contributions in the motion pictures industries. He was born in the son of Jean Speegle Howard, an actress, Rance Howard, a director, a writer, an actor. Howard has Dutch ancestry. His father had taken the stage name "Howard" by 1948, for his acting career. Rance Howard was serving three years in the United States Air Force at the time of Ron's birth. The family moved to Hollywood in 1958, the year before the birth of Clint Howard. They rented a house on the south of the Desilu Studios, where The Andy Griffith Show would later be filmed. They lived in Hollywood before moving to Burbank.Ron Howard – Howard in 2011
19. Imagine Entertainment – Imagine Entertainment, formerly Imagine Films Entertainment, is an American film and television production company founded in 1986 by director Ron Howard and producer Brian Grazer. Brian Grazer and Ron Howard met on Night Shift with Howard directing and Grazer co-producing. Then followed it up with working on 1984's Splash. Early on the company sealed a production and distribution deal in November 1992. Universal's deal was to fund 50% of 30 films. The company had an IPO in 1986 at $8 for a package of one warrant. Shares rose before falling in the stock market crash in 1987 to $2.25. A pay television agreement was made with Showtime. By May 1992, 48 % of the stock was worth $9.375. If not they planned to leave the company at their contract expiration in November to start the new company anyway. Universal was providing the cash for the buy out for an stake in the new company. In 2000, the partnership partnered with 20th Century Fox, an agreement expiring at the end of 2016. In 2011, the company had three weak office performers with The Dilemma, Cowboys & Aliens and Tower Heist. Because of their financial pact renewal with Universal in January 2012, Imagine laid off 5 employees including production executive Jeremy Steckler. This also moves Imagine from exclusive to a first look deal.Imagine Entertainment – Co-founders Ron Howard and Brian Grazer at a Tribeca Film Festival panel on A Beautiful Mind
20. Brian Grazer – Brian Thomas Grazer is an American film and television producer. Grazer co-founded Imagine Entertainment in 1986, with Ron Howard. The films they produced have grossed over $ billion. The movies include four for which Grazer was personally nominated for an Academy Award: Splash, Apollo 13, Frost/Nixon. TV series have been nominated for 43 Academy Awards, 131 Emmys. In 2002, he won an Oscar for A Beautiful Mind. In 2007, Grazer was named one of Time's "100 Most Influential People in the World". He was born to Arlene Becker Grazer and criminal defense attorney Thomas Grazer. Grazer is the older brother of actor/director Gavin Grazer. Grazer was raised in Los Angeles's San Fernando Valley. He described himself in 2000 as "half-Jewish". Subsequently, third-party reports conflicted as to whether he was Jewish or a practicing Christian. His parents divorced when he was in high school. No one's going to get it for you, Brian." He won a scholarship as a psychology major.Brian Grazer – Grazer at the 2011 Tribeca Film Festival Vanity Fair party
21. Universal Pictures – Universal Studios is an American film studio owned by Comcast through the Universal Filmed Entertainment Group division of its wholly owned subsidiary NBCUniversal. Its corporate offices are located in New York City. Universal Studios is one of Hollywood's "Big Six" studios. Universal Studios was founded by Carl Laemmle, Mark Dintenfass, Charles O. Baumann, Adam Kessel, Pat Powers, William Swanson, David Horsley, Jules Brulatour. One story has Laemmle watching a box office for hours, calculating the day's takings. Within weeks of his Chicago trip, Laemmle gave up dry goods to buy the several nickelodeons. Soon, other disgruntled nickelodeon owners decided to avoid paying Edison by producing their own pictures. In June 1909, Laemmle started the Yankee Film Company with partners Abe Stern and Julius Stern. Laemmle broke with Edison's custom of refusing to give screen credits to performers. By naming the movie stars, he attracted many of the leading players of the time, contributing to the creation of the system. The Universal Film Manufacturing Company was incorporated in New York on April 1912. Laemmle, who emerged in July 1912, was the primary figure in the partnership with Dintenfass, Baumann, Kessel, Powers, Swanson, Horsley, Brulatour. Eventually all would be bought out by Laemmle. Following the westward trend by the end of 1912 the company was focusing its production efforts in the Hollywood area. Studio management became the third facet of Universal's operations, with the studio incorporated as a distinct organization.Universal Pictures – Mark Dintenfass was co-founder of Universal Studios.
22. 2008 Cannes Film Festival – The 61st Annual Cannes Film Festival was held from 14 to 25 May 2008. The festival opened with Blindness, directed by Barry Levinson. The poster for the festival featured model Anouk Marguerite and photographed by Pierre Collier. Hunger, directed by Steve McQueen, opened the Un Certain Regard section. The British press reported the list of films in competition this year was notable for its absence of British films for the successive year.2008 Cannes Film Festival – Official poster of the 61st Cannes Film Festival featuring a photo of model Anouk Marguerite and photographed by Pierre Collier.
23. Box office – A box office or ticket office is a place where tickets are sold to the public for admission to an event. Patrons may perform the transaction at a countertop, at a wicket. Box business can be measured in terms of the number of tickets sold or the amount of money raised by ticket sales. The analysis of these earnings is very important for the creative industries and often a source of interest for fans. This is predominant in the Hollywood industry. The term is attested since 1786, presumably from sales of boxes. The sense of "total sales" is attested from 1904. However, first attestation is about 200 years later, making this highly unlikely. Some complain that film focus on profit has diminished the attention given to film as an art form. However, analysis of the financial success of films is very influential for the funding of future works. There are numerous websites that monitor box-office receipts, such as Boxoffice, Box Office India, Box Office Mojo, Koimoi, The Numbers. For a list of films which are major box-office hits, see List of highest-grossing films. Films that are considered to have been very unsuccessful at the office are called box office bombs or box office flops. For a list of these films, see List of office bombs. The percentage for the distributor is generally higher in early weeks.Box office – Box office at the Iao Theater, Maui, Hawaii
24. Academy Award – The awards, first presented in 1929 at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel, are overseen by AMPAS. The awards ceremony was first broadcast to radio in 1930 and televised for first time in 1953. It can be streamed online. The 88th Academy Awards ceremony was held at the Dolby Theatre on February 28, 2016 and hosted by Chris Rock. A total of 2,947 Oscars have been awarded from the inception of the award through the 87th. The post-awards party was held at the Mayfair Hotel. The cost of guest tickets for that night's ceremony was $5. Fifteen statuettes were awarded, honoring artists, other participants in the film-making industry of the time, during the 1927 -- 28 period. The ceremony ran for 15 minutes. Winners had been announced to media three months earlier; however, changed for the second ceremony in 1930. For the rest of the first decade, the results were given at 11:00 pm on the night of the awards. The first Actor awarded was Emil Jannings, for The Way of All Flesh. With the fourth ceremony, however, the system changed, professionals were honored for a specific performance in a single film. For the first six ceremonies, the eligibility period spanned two calendar years. At the 29th ceremony, held on March 27, 1957, the Best Foreign Language Film category was introduced.Academy Award – Academy Awards
25. British Academy Film Awards – The British Academy Film Awards are presented in an annual award show hosted by the British Academy of Film and Television Arts. The 69th British Academy Film Awards was held on 14 February 2016. In addition to high-profile awards ceremonies BAFTA runs a year-round programme of educational events including film screenings and tribute evenings. BAFTA is supported from the film, game industries. The ceremony previously took place in April or May and since 2002 it takes place in February in order to precede the Oscars. Only UK films are eligible for the categories of The British Short Film and British Short Animation awards. The Awards ceremony is delayed broadcast on British television the same evening, across the world. It has been broadcast in colour since 1970. From 2000 to 2007 the ceremonies took place at the flagship Odeon cinema on Leicester Square. As of 2008, the ceremonies take place at the Royal Opera House. Until 2012, the mobile network Orange sponsored the awards and starting in 2013 Orange's parent company, EE, began sponsorship. British Academy of Film and Television Arts British Academy Television Awards Official website BAFTA Awards database Museum of Broadcast Communications: BAFTA IMDB: BAFTABritish Academy Film Awards – The location for the 2008 ceremony.
26. IMAX – Shaw. IMAX has the capacity to display images of far greater size and resolution than conventional film systems. Since 2002, some have also been partially shot in IMAX. IMAX is the most widely used system for special-venue film presentations. As of June 2016, there were 1,102 IMAX theatres in 69 countries. The desire to increase the visual impact of film has a long history. It quickly fell from use. While impressive, Cinerama was difficult to install. During Expo 67 in Montreal, the National Film Board of the Polar Regions both used multi-projector, multi-screen systems. Each encountered technical difficulties that led them to found a company called "Multiscreen", with a goal of developing a simpler approach. An IMAX 3D theatre also is in operation near the former Expo 67 site at the Montreal Science Centre in the Port of Old Montreal. The first IMAX film, was demonstrated at Expo'70 in Osaka, Japan. The permanent IMAX installation was built at the Cinesphere theatre at Ontario Place in Toronto. It debuted in May 1971, showing North of Superior. The installation is still in place, however, Ontario Place is on hiatus for redevelopment.IMAX – Audiences view a film using 3D glasses.
27. IMAX Corporation – Founded in 1968, it has operations in Toronto, well as Los Angeles. As of June 2016, the IMAX network consisted in 69 countries. These include IMAX variations such as Digital IMAX. IMAX is a Canadian corporation, based in Toronto and Mississauga, Ontario. The Company was officially founded in 1967 when three filmmakers, Robert Kerr incorporated IMAX Corporation. As a result, they sought an engineer named William Shaw in 1968 to help develop this technology. Shaw created this new projector that allowed for films to be ten times larger than 35mm picture frames. The first movie IMAX Corporation produced using this new technology was Tiger Child, featured at Expo'70 in Osaka, Japan. Shaw remained at the age of 73. Before retiring Shaw created a 3D camera, sent to the International Space Station for IMAX films. To do this required flexible technology able to adapt quickly in various locations. His group created IMAX DMR, which paved the way for the large Hollywood blockbuster movies that would soon result. The success of IMAX has made it possible for IMAX Corporation to sign deals with countries around the world. In 2009 IMAX Corporation signed a deal with China building the first ever IMAX theatre in Tianjin, China. The theatre was set to open in 2012.IMAX Corporation – The IMAX logo
28. Image resolution – Image resolution is the detail an image holds. The term applies to raster digital images, other types of images. Higher resolution means more detail. Image resolution can be measured in various ways. Resolution quantifies how close lines can be to each other and still be visibly resolved. Resolution units can be tied to physical sizes, to angular subtense. Line pairs are often used instead of lines; a pair comprises a dark line and an adjacent light line. A line is either a light line. A resolution of 10 lines per millimeter means 5 line pairs per millimeter. Film resolution are most often quoted in line pairs per millimeter. The resolution of digital cameras can be described in different ways. Resolution is the capability of the sensor to measure the smallest object clearly with distinct boundaries. There is a difference between a pixel. A pixel is actually a unit of the digital Resolution depends upon the size of the pixel. Images having smaller pixel sizes might consist of more pixels.Image resolution – Image at left has a higher pixel count than the one to the right, but is still of worse spatial resolution.
29. Fridolf RhudinFridolf Rhudin – Fridolf Rhudin in Styrman Karlssons flammor
30. Sweden – Sweden, officially the Kingdom of Sweden, is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe. It is connected to Denmark in the southwest by a bridge-tunnel across the Öresund. At 450,295 square kilometres, Sweden is the third-largest country in the European Union by area, with a total population of over million. Sweden consequently has a low density of 21 inhabitants per square kilometre, with the highest concentration in the southern half of the country. Approximately 85% of the population lives in urban areas. Germanic peoples have inhabited Sweden since prehistoric times, constituting the sea peoples known as the Norsemen. Southern Sweden is predominantly agricultural, while the north is heavily forested. Sweden is part of the geographical area of Fennoscandia. The climate is in general very mild for its northerly latitude due to significant maritime influence, that in spite of this still retains continental summers. Sweden is a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy, with a monarch as head of state. The city is Stockholm, also the most populous city in the country. Legislative power is vested in the unicameral Riksdag. Executive power is exercised by the government chaired by the prime minister. Sweden is a unitary state, currently divided into 290 municipalities. Sweden emerged during the Middle Ages.Sweden – A Vendel-era helmet, at the Swedish Museum of National Antiquities.
31. The Silent World – The Silent World is a 1956 French documentary film co-directed by the famed French oceanographer Jacques-Yves Cousteau and a young Louis Malle. The Silent World is noted as one of the first films to use underwater cinematography to show the ocean depths in color. Its title derives from Cousteau's 1953 book The Silent World: A Story of Adventure. It was released by Columbia Pictures. The film was shot aboard the Calypso. The film later faced criticism for environmental damage done during the filmmaking. Cousteau later became more involved in marine conservation, was even called "the father of the environmental movement" by Ted Turner. The Silent World was the first of Cousteau's documentary films to win an Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature; World Without Sun also won in 1964.The Silent World – original film poster
32. Documentary film – "Documentary" has been described as mode of reception", continually evolving and is without clear boundaries. Polish writer and filmmaker Bolesław Matuszewski was among those who identified the mode of documentary film. He wrote two of the earliest texts on cinema Une nouvelle source de l'histoire and La photographie animée. Both were published among the written works to consider the historical and documentary value of the film. The American film critic Pare Lorentz defines a documentary film as "a factual film, dramatic." Documentary practice is the complex process of creating documentary projects. Documentary filmmaking can be used as a form of journalism, advocacy, or personal expression. Early film was dominated by the novelty of showing an event. They were single-shot moments captured on film: a train entering a station, a boat docking, or factory workers leaving work. These short films were called "actuality" films; the term "documentary" was not coined until 1926. Many of the first films, such as those made by Auguste and Louis Lumière, were a minute or less in length, due to technological limitations. Films showing many people were often made for commercial reasons: the people being filmed were eager to see, for payment, the film showing them. One notable film clocked in at over an hour and a half, The Corbett-Fitzsimmons Fight. Using pioneering film-looping technology, Enoch J. Rector presented the entirety of a famous 1897 prize-fight on cinema screens across the United States.Documentary film – This 16 mm spring-wound Bolex "H16" Reflex camera is a popular entry level camera used in film schools.
33. Jacques Cousteau – Cousteau co-developed the Aqua-lung, was a member of the Académie française. He also directed films, The Silent World, which won a Palme d'or at the 1956 Cannes Film Festival. Cousteau remained the only person to win a Palme d'Or for a documentary film, until Michael Moore won the award for Fahrenheit 9/11. He was born on 11 June 1910, in Saint-André-de-Cubzac, Gironde, France to Daniel and Élisabeth Cousteau. Cousteau had Pierre-Antoine. He completed his preparatory studies in Paris. In 1930, Cousteau graduated as a gunnery officer. After an accident cut short his career in naval aviation, he indulged his interest in the sea. The accident could have even killed him. It eventually worked out because of his passion for the ocean. He also was sent on missions to Shanghai and Japan and in the USSR. On July 1937 Cousteau married Simone Melchior, with whom he had two sons, Jean-Michel and Philippe. His sons took part in the adventures of the Calypso. In 1991, one year after his Simone's death from cancer, he married Francine Triplet. They already had a son Pierre-Yves Cousteau, born during Cousteau's marriage to his first wife.Jacques Cousteau – Jacques-Yves Cousteau in 1972
34. Underwater photography – Underwater photography is the process of taking photographs while under water. Underwater photography can also be categorised as an art form and a method for recording data. Successful underwater imaging is usually done with specialized equipment and techniques. However, it offers exciting and rare photographic opportunities. The primary obstacle faced by underwater photographers is the loss of color and contrast when submerged to any significant depth. The longer wavelengths of sunlight are absorbed quickly by the surrounding water, even to the naked everything appears blue-green. This effect occurs in apparently clear water, such as that found around tropical coral reefs. Underwater photographers solve this problem by combining two techniques. The first is to get the camera as close to the photographic subject as possible, minimizing the horizontal loss of color. Underwater photographers consider any more than about one yard or meter unacceptable. The second technique is the use of a flash to restore colour lost to depth. Fill flash, used effectively, "paints" in missing colors by providing full-spectrum visible light to the overall exposure. Another environmental effect is range of visibility. Suspended matter can reduce visibility by both absorption and scattering of light. Some cameras are made including modern digital cameras.Underwater photography – A United States Navy Mass Communication Specialist conducting underwater photography training
35. Color photography – Color photography is photography that uses media capable of reproducing colors. By contrast, black-and-white photography records only a single channel of luminance and uses media capable only of showing shades of gray. In color photography, electronic sensors or light-sensitive chemicals record color information at the time of exposure. Their colors are not dependent on the actual colors of the objects photographed and may be very inaccurate or completely arbitrary. Color photography has been the dominant form of photography since the 1970s, with monochrome photography mostly relegated to niche markets such as art photography. Color photography was attempted beginning in the 1840s. Early experiments were directed at finding a "chameleon substance" which would assume the color of the light falling on it. The range of the color was sometimes severely limited, in the chemically "Hillotype" process invented by American Daguerreotypist Levi Hill around 1850. Over the following several decades, renewed experiments along these lines periodically raised hopes and then dashed them, yielding nothing of practical value. In 1886 Lippmann's interest had turned to a method of fixing the colors of the solar spectrum on a photographic plate. He presented his theory of photography using the method in two papers to the Academy, the other in 1906. The test subject was a bow made of ribbon with stripes of various colors, apparently including red and green. Maxwell's 1855 suggestion and this tentative 1861 demonstration appear to have been quickly and completely forgotten until being brought to light again in the 1890s. In the intervening decades, the basic concept was independently re-invented by several people. Creating colors by mixing colored lights in various proportions is the additive method of color reproduction.Color photography – A circa 1850 "Hillotype" photograph of a colored engraving. Long believed to be a complete fraud, recent testing found that Levi Hill 's process did reproduce some color photographically, but also that many specimens had been "sweetened" by the addition of hand-applied colors.
36. Dakan – Dakan is a 1997 French/Guinean drama film written and directed by Mohamed Camara. It premiered at the Cannes Film Festival. Manga and Sory are two young men in love with each other. Sory tells his father. Both parents forbid their sons to see each other again. Sory has a child. He unsuccessfully undergoes a lengthy form of aversion therapy. He becomes engaged to a white woman called Oumou. Both men are ultimately drawn back to each other. The end of the film sees Sory and Manga driving off together towards an uncertain future. It depicts their families in a society where homosexuality is taboo. According to Monica Bungaro in "Male Feminist Fiction", the film suggests that homosexuality is in fact widespread. The relationship between Sory and Manga is accepted by their classmates. Camara started making Dakan with funding from the governments of France and Guinea. When the Guinean government discovered that the subject-matter was homosexuality, it withdrew funding.Dakan – Movie poster
37. West Africa – West Africa, also called Western Africa and the West of Africa, is the westernmost subregion of Africa. Early human settlers from northern Holocene societies arrived in West Africa around 12,000 B.C. Sedentary farming began in, or around the fifth millennium B.C, as well as the domestication of cattle. By 1500 B.C, the first city-states later formed. Northern tribes developed non-walled settlements that numbered at 400. In the forest region, an inter-region trade began to appear. The climatic change of the coast cause trade with upper Mediterranean peoples to be seen. Local leather, gold also contributed to the abundance of prosperity for many of the following empires. Three great kingdoms were identified by the ninth century. They included Ghana, Gao and Kanem. The Sosso Empire was defeated by the Mandinka forces of Sundiata Keita, founder of the new Mali Empire. East Oyo arose as the dominant Yoruba state and the Aro Confederacy as a dominant Igbo state in modern-day Nigeria. In the 19th century, a series of Fulani reformist jihads swept across Western Africa. However, the British continued to advance in the Scramble for Africa, subjugating kingdom after kingdom. Only Liberia retained its independence, at the price of territorial concessions.West Africa – Mansa Musa depicted holding a gold nugget from a 1395 map of Africa and Europe
38. Karen Dotrice – She was born to two accomplished stage actors. Dotrice appeared in five television programmes between 1978, when she made her only feature film as an adult. Her life as an actress concluded in the 1981 pre-Broadway production of Othello. Dotrice was named a Disney Legend in 2004. Her father also was born in the Channel Islands. Dotrice has Michele and Yvette, both of whom are actresses. Her godfather was actor Charles Laughton, married to one of the co-stars of Mary Poppins. She was a toddler when her father joined the Shakespeare Memorial Theatre in 1957. By age four, Dotrice was ready to perform, making her début by Bertolt Brecht. There, a Disney scout brought her to Burbank, California, to meet Walt Disney. She took quickly as a father figure calling him "Uncle Walt". She said the admiration was mutual: "I think he really liked English kids. He was tickled pink by the etiquette. And when I was being very polite, he would look proudly at this little charge who had such good manners." Instead, they hire a nanny who takes Jane and Michael on magical adventures designed to teach them—and their parents—about the importance of family.Karen Dotrice – Karen Dotrice (left) with Matthew Garber in Mary Poppins
39. United Kingdom – The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom or Britain, is a sovereign country in western Europe. Northern Ireland is the only part of the UK that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain and Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres, the UK is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world and the 11th-largest in Europe. It is also the 21st-most populous country, with an estimated 65.1 million inhabitants. Together, this makes it the fourth most densely populated country in the European Union. The United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system of governance. The monarch—since 6 February 1952—is Queen Elizabeth II. Other major urban areas in the UK include the regions of Manchester, Birmingham, Leeds, Glasgow and Liverpool. The UK consists of four countries—England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. The last three have devolved administrations, each with varying powers, based in their capitals, Edinburgh, Cardiff and Belfast, respectively. The relationships among the countries of the United Kingdom have changed over time. Wales was annexed in 1542. In 1922, five-sixths of Ireland seceded from the UK, leaving the present formulation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. There are fourteen British Overseas Territories.United Kingdom – Stonehenge, in Wiltshire, was erected around 2500 BC.
40. Actress – An actor is a person who portrays a character in a performance. The actor performs "in modern mediums such as film, radio, television. The analogous Greek term is ὑποκριτής, literally "one who answers". The actor's interpretation of their role pertains to the role played, whether based on fictional character. Formerly, women's roles were generally played by men or boys. When used for the stage, women occasionally played the roles of prepubescent boys. The etymology is a simple derivation from actor with ess added. However, when referring of both sexes, actor is preferred as a gender-specific term for male performers. Actor is also used before the full name of a performer as a gender-specific term. As Whoopi Goldberg put it with the paper: ` An actress can only play a woman. I'm an actor -- I can play anything." The U.K. performers' Equity has no policy on the use of "actor" or "actress". An Equity spokesperson said that the union does not believe that there stated that the"... subject divides the profession." In 2009, the Los Angeles Times stated that "Actress" remains the common term used given to female recipients. Also, actors in improvisational theatre may be referred to as "players".Actress – Actors from the Comédie-Française c. 1720.
41. Walt Disney Pictures – Walt Disney Pictures is an American film production company and a division of Walt Disney Studios, owned by The Walt Disney Company. It took in 1983. Today, in conjunction with the other units of Walt Disney Studios, Walt Disney Pictures is classified as one of Hollywood's "Big Six" studios. The studio's predecessor was founded by filmmaker Walt Disney and his business partner and brother, Roy, in 1923. In 1929, it was renamed again to Walt Disney Productions. With the profits from Snow White, Walt relocated in Burbank, California. Walt Disney Pictures, was incorporated on April 1, 1983 to diversify film subjects and expand audiences for their film releases. In April 1983, Richard Berger was hired by Disney CEO Ron W. Miller as film president. Hollywood Pictures were formed within that unit on February 15, 1984 and February 1, 1989 respectively. Beginning with the release of The Black Cauldron in 1985, Walt Disney Pictures introduced its fantasy logo. The final rendering of the logo was done by Cyrese Parrish. Mark Mancina wrote a new arrangement of "When You Wish Upon a Star" to accompany the 2006 logo. Beginning with the release of The Muppets in the words "Walt" and "Pictures" were dropped from the branding. Its first live-action film was Treasure Island. Animated films produced by Pixar are also released by Walt Disney Pictures.Walt Disney Pictures – Walt Disney Pictures, Inc.
42. Mary Poppins (film) – The screenplay is by Don DaGradi, loosely based on P. L. Travers' series Mary Poppins. Glynis Johns are featured in supporting roles. The film was shot entirely at the Walt Disney Studios in Burbank, California using painted London background scenes. In Edwardian London, 1910, Cockney one-man band Bert is entertaining a crowd when he senses a change in the wind. Afterwards, he gives a tour of Cherry Tree Lane, stopping outside the home of the Banks family. They are returned shortly after by the local constable, who reveals that the children were chasing a lost kite. The children ask their father to help build a better kite, but he dismisses them. Taking it upon himself to hire a nanny, George advertises for a stern, no-nonsense nanny. A queue of sour-faced nannies appear outside. However, Michael witness a young nanny descend from the sky using her umbrella. She helps the children to tidy their nursery through song, before heading out for a walk in the park. Outside, they meet Bert who now works as a screever, drawing chalk sketches on the pavement. Mary uses her magic to transport the group into one of the drawings, which becomes an animated countryside setting. Mary participates in a race which she wins. While being asked to describe her victory, Mary announces the nonsense word "Supercalifragilisticexpialidocious".Mary Poppins (film) – Original theatrical release poster
43. Mary Poppins – Mary Poppins is a series of eight children's books written by P. L. Travers and published over the period 1934 to 1988. Mary Shepard was the illustrator throughout the series. The books centre on magical English nanny Mary Poppins. She is blown into the Banks's household to care for their children. Encounters with pavement-painters and shopkeepers and various adventures follow until Mary Poppins abruptly leaves—i.e. "pops-out". Only the first three of the eight books feature Mary Poppins arriving and leaving. The later five books recount previously unrecorded adventures from her original three visits. As P. L. Travers explains to Mary Poppins in the Park, "She can not forever depart." The books were adapted into a musical film titled starring Julie Andrews and Dick Van Dyke. In 2004, Disney Theatrical in collaboration with Cameron Mackintosh produced a stage musical also called Mary Poppins in London's West End theatre. The musical was transferred to New York in 2006, where it ran until its closing on 3 March 2013. In 2013 the film Saving Mr. Banks depicted the making of the 1964 film. In the end, in what is perhaps the most iconic image associated with Mary Poppins, she opens her umbrella and the West Wind carries her away. Nothing has been right since Mary Poppins left Number Seventeen Cherry Tree Lane. One day, when Mrs. Banks sends the children out to the park, Michael flies his kite up into the clouds.Mary Poppins – The first four Mary Poppins books
44. Guernsey – Guernsey is a jurisdiction within the Bailiwick of Guernsey, a Crown dependency. The jurisdiction is not part of the Commonwealth of Nations. However, most foreign relations are handled by the British Government. Taken together with the separate jurisdictions of Alderney and Sark it forms the Bailiwick of Guernsey. The two Bailiwicks of Guernsey and Jersey together form the geographical grouping known as the Channel Islands. The name "Guernsey", well as that of neighbouring "Jersey", is of Old Norse origin. The second element of each word," - ey", is the Old Norse for "island", while "guern", is of uncertain origin and meaning. Around 6000 BC, rising seas separated the Norman promontories that became the bailiwicks of Guernsey and Jersey from continental Europe. Neolithic farmers then built the dolmens and menhirs found in the islands today. During their migration to Brittany, Britons occupied the Lenur islands including Lisia and Angia. Travelling from the Kingdom of Gwent, later the abbot of Dol in Brittany, is credited with the introduction of Christianity to Guernsey. In 933 AD, the islands, formerly under the control of William I, then Duchy of Brittany were annexed by the Duchy of Normandy. The island of the other Channel Islands represent the last remnants of the medieval Duchy of Normandy. During the Middle Ages, the island was a haven for pirates that would use the "lamping technique" to ground ships close to her waters. This intensified during the Hundred Years War, when, starting in 1339, the island was occupied by the Capetians on several occasions.Guernsey – Aerial view
45. Channel Islands – The Channel Islands are an archipelago in the English Channel, off the French coast of Normandy. The Crown dependencies are not members of the Commonwealth of Nations nor of the European Union. Saint Peter Port, have populations of 33,500 and 16,488, respectively. The total area of the islands is 198 km2. The two bailiwicks have been administered separately since the 13th century; each has representative bodies. Any institution common to both is the exception rather than the rule. The Bailiwick of Guernsey is divided into three jurisdictions – Guernsey, Alderney and Sark – each with its own legislature. The permanently inhabited islands of the Channel Islands are: Jersey Guernsey Alderney Sark Herm Jethou Brecqhou There are also several uninhabited islets. They are an incorporated part of the commune of Granville. While they are popular with visitors from France, Channel Islanders rarely visit them as there are no direct transport links from the other islands. Chausey is referred to as an'Île normande'. 'Îles Normandes' and'Archipel Normand' have also, historically, been used in Channel Island French to refer to the islands as a whole. The lowest point is the Atlantic Ocean. The islands became detached by rising sea levels in the Neolithic period. Hoards of Armorican coins have been excavated, providing evidence of trade and contact in the Iron Age period.Channel Islands – Viewed from Jersey's north coast, Jethou, Herm and Sark are hazy outlines on the horizon.
46. Stage (theatre) – In theatre and performing arts, the stage is a designated space for the performance of productions. The stage serves as a space for actors or performers and a focal point for the members of the audience. As an architectural feature, the stage may consist of a platform or series of platforms. In some cases, in other buildings devoted to such productions, the stage is often a permanent feature. There are several types of stages that vary as to the usage and the relation of the audience to them. The most common form found in the West is the proscenium stage. In this type, the audience is located with the remaining sides used by the performers and technicians. In theatre in the round, the audience is located on all four sides of the stage. The primary feature is a large opening known as the proscenium arch through which the audience views the performance. The audience directly faces the stage—, typically raised several feet above front row audience level—and views only one side of the scene. This one side is commonly known as the invisible fourth wall of the scene. The arch evolved in Ancient Greek theaters. This was the space in front of the skênê or backdrop where the actors actually played. Subsequently, balconies were added to give a fuller view. By the end of the 19th century most stages much of the audience looked on, rather than up to, the stage.Stage (theatre) – The stage of the War Memorial Opera House in San Francisco.
47. British television – Television in the United Kingdom started in 1936 as a public service, free of advertising. There are six main channel owners who are responsible for most viewing. There are 27,000 hours of domestic content produced a year at a cost of # billion. Since 24 all television broadcasts in the United Kingdom are in a digital format, following the end of analogue transmissions in Northern Ireland. Digital content is delivered via terrestrial, cable as well as over IP. Set-top boxes are generally used to receive these services; however digital televisions can also be used to receive Freeview or Freesat. Most TVs sold in the UK come with a DVB-T tuner for Freeview – a rare thing in Europe. BT TV and TalkTalk Plus TV, both based on YouView, utilise hybrid boxes which receive Freeview well as additional subscription services. Households viewing TV from the internet are not tracked by Ofcom. BBC One, BBC Two, ITV, Channel 4 and Channel 5, are available from all providers. Digital terrestrial television launched in 1998 as a service named ONdigital. Since October 2002, the primary broadcaster is Freeview, with BT TV providing additional subscription services. In all cases TV is a subscription service normally bundled with a phone line and broadband. Smallworld Cable is available in south-west Scotland and north-west England. Pricing ranges to # 80 per month.British television – Crystal Palace transmitter. Constructed in 1956, it is the main transmitter for London.
48. Desdemona (Othello) – Desdemona is a character in William Shakespeare's play Othello. Shakespeare's Desdemona is a Venetian beauty who disappoints a Venetian senator, when she elopes with her senior. When her husband is deployed to Cyprus in the service of the Republic of Venice, Desdemona accompanies him. Othello has its source in the 1565 tale, "Un Capitano Moro" in Gli Hecatommithi by Giovanni Battista Giraldi Cinthio. Cinthio's tale may have been based on an actual incident occurring in Venice about 1508. The only named character in Cinthio's story is "Disdemona". The name derives from Greek δυσ + δαίμων, which means "ill-fated, unfortunate", i.e. the antonym of Eudaimonia. Léone Teyssandier notes that it may indeed be how Othello views his wife, calling her an "ill-starred wench". The other characters are identified only as the leader. In the original, the ensign lusts after Disdemona and is spurred to revenge when she rejects him. Unlike Shakespeare's Othello, the Moor in Cinthio's story never repents the murder of his wife. Both he and the ensign escape immediate prosecution but are killed much later. Cinthio also drew a moral that European women are unwise to marry the temperamental males of other nations. While Shakespeare followed Cinthio's tale very closely in composing Othello, he deviated significantly in some details. He invented Desdemona's father, Brabantio, her dissolute Venetian admirer, Roderigo.Desdemona (Othello) – Desdemona by Frederic Leighton
49. Othello – Othello is a tragedy by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written in 1603. It is based on the story a disciple of Boccaccio, first published in 1565. Roderigo is upset because he had asked her father for her hand in marriage. Iago convinces Roderigo to tell him about his daughter's elopement. Meanwhile, Iago warns him that Brabantio is coming for him. News has arrived in Venice that the Turks are going to attack Cyprus; therefore Othello is summoned to advise the senators. Brabantio has no option but to accompany Othello to the Duke's residence, where he accuses Othello of seducing Desdemona by witchcraft. Othello defends himself before the Duke of Venice, various senators. Othello explains that Desdemona became enamoured of him for the compelling stories he told of his life before Venice, not because of any witchcraft. The party arrives in Cyprus to find that a storm has destroyed the Turkish fleet. A general celebration and leaves to consummate his marriage with Desdemona. In his absence, Iago gets Cassio drunk, then persuades Roderigo to draw Cassio into a fight. Montano tries to end up fighting one another. Montano is injured in the fight. Othello questions the men as to what happened.Othello – The Russian actor and theatre practitioner Constantin Stanislavski as Othello in 1896
50. Disney Legends – The Disney Legends Awards is a hall of fame program that recognizes individuals who have made an extraordinary and integral contribution to The Walt Disney Company. Established in 1987, the honor was traditionally awarded annually during a special private ceremony; since 2009, it has been awarded biennially during Disney's D23 Expo. The committee consists of other authorities. The plaques are placed on display across from the Michael D. Eisner Building. Legends also receive a Disney Golden Pass, a lifetime pass to all Disney theme parks. Imagineer Andrea Favilli created the Disney Legends award, handcrafted from bronze each year. The award depicts the arm of Mickey Mouse holding a star-tipped wand. All 1997 inductees are of European origin. The ceremony was held at the new park on day. Roy E. Disney again co-presented the awards, after a two-year hiatus and a return to the company.Disney Legends – The Disney Legends Award statuette
51. David Bowie – David Robert Jones, known professionally as David Bowie, was an English singer, songwriter and actor. He was a figure for over five decades regarded as an innovator, particularly for his work in the 1970s. His career was marked by stagecraft significantly influencing popular music. During his lifetime, his record sales, estimated at million worldwide, made one of the world's best-selling music artists. In the UK, he was awarded eight silver, releasing eleven number-one albums. In the US, he received five platinum and seven gold certifications. He was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1996. "Space Oddity" became his top-five entry after its release in July 1969. After a period of experimentation, he re-emerged during the glam era with his flamboyant and androgynous alter ego Ziggy Stardust. In 1976, Bowie starred in the film The Man Who released Station to Station. Lodger followed; each album received lasting critical praise. He then reached his commercial peak with its title track topping both UK and US charts. Throughout the 2000s, Bowie continued to experiment including industrial and jungle. He stopped concert touring after his live performance was at a charity event in 2006. In 2013, Bowie returned from a decade-long recording hiatus with the release of The Next Day.David Bowie – Bowie during the Heathen Tour in 2002
52. Ivor Novello Award – The Ivor Novello Awards, named after the Cardiff-born entertainer Ivor Novello, are awards for songwriting and composing. Over 1,000 statuettes have been awarded. Nicknamed The Ivors, the awards are sponsored by PRS for Music. They are respected worldwide as the major platform for rewarding Britain and Ireland's songwriting and composing talents. The Award itself is a solid sculpture of Euterpe, the muse of lyric poetry. In 2008 Amy Winehouse received three nominations for Ivors, including two nominations in the same category. In 2010, an Ivor was awarded to a video game soundtrack, the PS3 title, Killzone 2, composed by Joris de Man. Category:Ivor Novello Award winners List of Ivor Novello Award winners TheIvors.co.uk - Official website BASCA Bucks Music Group - Ivor Novello AwardsIvor Novello Award – The Ivors
53. Space Oddity – "Space Oddity" is a song written and recorded by David Bowie. Bowie was first released as a single on 11 July 1969. Bowie was also the opening track of David Bowie. The song was released during a period of great interest in space flight. The United States' Apollo 11 mission would become the first manned moon landing another five days after that. The lyrics have also been seen to lampoon the British programme, and still is an unmanned project. It would later revisit his Major Tom character in the songs "Ashes to Ashes", "Hallo Spaceboy" and the video for "Blackstar". "Space Oddity" was David Bowie's single to chart in the UK. Bowie received the 1970 Ivor Novello Special Award for Originality. Upon re-release as part of a maxi-single, the song became Bowie's first UK No. 1 single. In January 2016, the song re-entered singles charts around the world following Bowie's death, which included becoming Bowie's single to top the French Singles Chart. The song also ranked as third on January 12, 2016. Three primary studio versions of "Space Oddity" exist: an early version recorded in February 1969, a 1979 re-recording. The early version of "Space Oddity" was recorded on 2 February 1969 for Bowie's promotional film Love You Till Tuesday. This recording became commercially available on a belated VHS release of the film and accompanying soundtrack album.Space Oddity – "Space Oddity"
54. Hunky Dory – Hunky Dory is the fourth studio album by English singer-songwriter David Bowie, recorded in mid-1971 and released by RCA Records that December. It was his first release through RCA, which would be his label for the next decade. The album is regarded as one of Bowie's best works. Also debuting with Bowie, in Visconti's place as producer, was another key contributor to the Ziggy phase, Ken Scott. The album's sleeve would bear the credit "Produced by Ken Scott". "Changes", focused on the compulsive nature of artistic reinvention and distancing oneself from the rock mainstream. Between the two extremes was "Oh! Bowie had been without a recording contract when he started work at Trident Studios on 8 June 1971. RCA Records in New York signed him to a three-album deal on 9 September 1971, releasing Hunky Dory on 17 December. Supported by the single "Changes", the album sold reasonably well on its initial release, without being a major success. In 1973, RCA released "Life on Mars?" as a single, which also made number 3 in the UK. A reissue returned the album, to the British chart, where it remained for 51 weeks. In 2003, the album was ranked 107th on Rolling Stone's list of the 500 greatest albums of all time. In the same year, the Virgin All Time Top 1000 Albums chart placed it at number 16. In 2004, it was ranked 80th of the 1970s.Hunky Dory
55. UK Albums Chart – The UK Albums Chart is a list of albums ranked by physical and digital sales and audio streaming in the United Kingdom. It is compiled every week by the Official Charts Company on Fridays. It is published in Music Week magazine, on the OCC website. To qualify for the Official Albums Chart the album must be price. It must be 20 minutes long and not be classed as a budget album. A album costs between # 0.50 and # 3.75. Additionally, various artist compilations -- which until January 1989 were included in the main listing -- are now listed separately in a compilations chart. Full details of the rules can be found on the OCC website. Since October 1993 it has been included in The Official Chart show from 4:00 – 5:45 pm on Fridays. A weekly'Album Chart' show was presented by Simon Mayo, until it ended on 2 April 2007. 2005 saw a record number of album sales with 126.2 million sold in the UK. The total of these streams is added to the pure sales of the album. The final number album on the UK Albums Chart to be based purely on sales alone was Smoke + Mirrors by Imagine Dragons. On 1 March 2015, by Sam Smith became the first album to top the new streaming-incorporated Official Albums Chart. The most successful artists in the charts depends on the criteria used.UK Albums Chart – The Official Albums Chart logo, as introduced by the Official Charts Company in October 2011
56. BRIT Awards – The Brit Awards are the British Phonographic Industry's annual pop music awards. The name was originally a shortened form of "British", "Britain" or "Britannia", but subsequently became a backronym for British Record Industry Trusts Show. In addition, an equivalent awards ceremony for classical music, called the Classic Brit Awards, is held each May. Robbie Williams holds another five as part of Take That. The awards began under the auspices of the BPI. In 1989 they were renamed the Brit Awards. MasterCard has been the long-term sponsor of the event. The Brit Awards were broadcast live until 1989, when Samantha Fox and Mick Fleetwood hosted a widely criticised show in which little went as rehearsed. In subsequent years, the event was recorded and broadcast the following night. From 2007, the Brit Awards reverted on February on ITV. On 18 the venue for the BRITs was again the Earls Court, London. The Brit Awards were held at The O2 in London for the first time in 2011. The Brit Award statuette given to the winners features Britannia, the female personification of Britain. The first awards ceremony was as "The BRITish Record Industry BRITannia Awards", to was televised by Thames Television. There have been 36 editions to date.BRIT Awards – The entrance to Earls Court in London on the evening of the 2008 BRIT Awards ceremony.
57. Grammy Award – A Grammy Award, or Grammy, is an honor awarded by The Recording Academy to recognize outstanding achievement in the mainly English-language music industry. The annual ceremony features performances by prominent artists, the presentation of those awards that have a more popular interest. It shares recognition of the industry as that of the other performance awards such as the Emmy Awards, the Tony Awards, the Academy Awards. The first Grammy Awards ceremony was held on May 1959, to honor the musical accomplishments by performers for the year 1958. Following the 2011 ceremony, The Academy overhauled many Grammy Award categories for 2012. The 58th Grammy Awards were held at the Staples Center in Los Angeles. The Grammys had their origin in the Hollywood Walk of Fame project in the 1950s. The music executives decided to rectify this by creating an award given by their industry similar to Oscars the Emmys. This was the beginning of the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. They finally settled on using the name of the invention of the gramophone, for the awards, which were first given for the year 1958. The number of awards given fluctuated over the years with categories added and removed, at one time reaching over 100. Each depicting a gilded gramophone, are made and assembled by hand by Billings Artworks in Ridgway, Colorado. Billings developed a alloy named grammium, trademarked. By February 2009, 7,578 Grammy trophies had been awarded. The "General Field" are four awards which are not restricted by genre.Grammy Award – Grammy Awards
58. Grammy Award for Best Short Form Music Video – From 1986 to 1997, the category name was changed to Best Music Video, Short Form. The awards were returned to the original format in 1990. The category was called Best Short Form Music Video until 2014, when it was shortened to Best Music Video. Award recipients include the performers, producers associated with the winning videos. Johnny Cash, Peter Gabriel, Michael Jackson hold the record for the most wins as a performer in this category, with two each. Mark Romanek holds the record for the most wins as a director, with a total of three. Icelandic singer Björk holds the record for the most nominations as a performer without a win, with four. Music video categories presented this year included Best Best Performance Music Video.Grammy Award for Best Short Form Music Video – Two-time award winner Michael Jackson. Jackson was also a member of USA for Africa and was highly involved in the " We Are the World " project
59. Grammy Awards of 2006 – The 48th Annual Grammy Awards took place on February 8, 2006, at the Staples Center in Los Angeles, California. Irish band U2 were the main recipients with five awards including Album of the Year. Green Day were amongst the big winners, winning the Grammy Award for Record of the Year. U2 was the night's top winner, with five awards. Their win for Album of the Year was their second win for that particular award. They previously won it for The Joshua Tree. They are the only act to have more than one Album of the Year win. Top nominees won only three awards each. Kelly Clarkson won two awards, becoming the first American Idol to win a Grammy. Angel. Music. Baby. Angel. Music. U2's win for Album of the Year was their second win for that respective award.Grammy Awards of 2006 – 48th Annual Grammy Awards
60. MTV Video Music Awards – An MTV Video Music Award is an award presented by the cable channel MTV to honor the best in the music video medium. By 2001, the VMA had become a coveted award. The statue given to winners is an astronaut on the moon, one of the earliest representations of MTV, colloquially called a "moonman". The statue is now made by New York firm, Society Awards. Since the 2006 ceremony, viewers are able to vote for their favorite videos in all general categories by visiting MTV's website. The first VMA ceremony was held in 1984 at New York City's Radio City Music Hall. The ceremonies are normally held in either New York City or Los Angeles. However, the ceremonies have also been hosted in Miami and Las Vegas. During the performance, she rolled around on the floor, revealing lacy stockings and a garter. Cyndi Lauper spoke in "Exorcist-esque gibberish" to explain the VMA rules right before winning the Best Female video for "Girls Just Want to Have Fun". The Beatles were rewarded in pioneering the video. 1988: At the 1988 Video Music Awards Michael Jackson appeared for the first time. A pre-recorded live performance of Bad was shown." He was also awarded the Video Vanguard Award. Paula Abdul was nominated for six awards, picking up four wins.MTV Video Music Awards – The 1983-1984 Video of the Year "Moonman" award.
61. MTV Video Music Award for Best Male Video – However, the award returned to its original name the following year. With three victories, Eminem also has the most nominations with nine. Most Wins: 1. Eminem: 3 wins 2. Most Nominated Artist, as of 2016 MTV Europe Music Award for Best MaleMTV Video Music Award for Best Male Video – Inaugural winner David Bowie
62. China Girl (song) – "China Girl" is a song co-written by David Bowie and Iggy Pop during their years in Berlin, first appearing on Pop's album The Idiot. The song became more widely known when it was re-recorded by Bowie, who released it from his Let's Dance. The author of Starman, claims the song was inspired by Iggy Pop's infatuation with Kuelan Nguyen, a beautiful Vietnamese woman. The video, featuring New Zealand model Geeling Ng, was shot mainly in the Chinatown district of Sydney, Australia. The video consciously parodies Asian female stereotypes. It depicted as a hypermasculine protagonist in an interracial romance. The original video release includes the two lying naked in the surf. Unedited versions were banned from New Zealand and some other countries at the time. The uncensored version was issued on the 1984 "Video EP" issued by Sony on Betamax, VHS and LaserDisc. Versions of the video included on subsequent video and DVD compilations are censored to remove the nudity. The original video went on to win an MTV video award for Best Male Video. The song was a regular for Bowie's live shows for the rest of the 1980s. The original Iggy Pop version is included in Pop's compilation A Million in Prizes: The Anthology. The Boys Next Door - Live recording in Melbourne, 1978.China Girl (song) – "China Girl"
64. Dancing in the Street – "Dancing in the Street" is a song written by Marvin Gaye, William "Mickey" Stevenson and Ivy Jo Hunter. It is the group's premier signature song. A 1966 cover by the Papas was a minor hit on the Hot 100 reaching No. 73. A 1985 cover by David Bowie and Mick Jagger charted at No. 1 in the UK and reached No. 7 in the US. The song was also covered by The Kinks, Black Oak Arkansas. The song was written by Stevenson, Marvin Gaye. The song highlighted the concept of having a good time in whatever city the listener lived. The idea for dancing came from watching people on the streets of Detroit cool off in the summer in water from opened fire hydrants. They appeared to be dancing in the water. The song was conceived by Stevenson, showing a rough draft of the lyrics to Gaye disguised as a ballad. When Gaye read the original lyrics, however, he said the song sounded more danceable. With Gaye and Stevenson collaborating, the duo composed the single in mind to record the song. When Martha Reeves came to Motown's Hitsville USA studios, the duo presented the song to Reeves. Hearing Gaye's demo of it, Reeves asked if she could arrange her own vocals to fit the song's message. Reeves recounted that she initially regarded the song as too repetitive.Dancing in the Street – "Dancing in the Street"
65. Short subject – A short film is any film not long enough to be considered a feature film. The featurette originally applied to a film longer than a short subject, but shorter than a standard feature film. The increasingly rare term "short subject" means approximately the same thing. It is an term which carries more of an assumption that the film is shown as part of a presentation along with a feature film. Short is an abbreviation for either term. They are usually funded by film grants, non profit organizations, personal funds. Shorter films coexisted with similar popularity throughout the early days of film. However, comedy short films were produced compared to lengthy features such as D.W. Griffith's The Birth of a Nation. Short comedies typically came in a serial or series. Animated cartoons came principally as short subjects. In the 1930s, the system changed in many countries owing to the Great Depression. With the rise of the double feature, two reel shorts went as a commercial category. Hal Roach, for example, halved his popular Our Gang films to one reel. Cartoons. Short films had become a medium for student, specialty work.Short subject – William Garwood starred in numerous short films, many of which were only 20 minutes in length
66. Science fiction – Science fiction often has been called a "literature of ideas." Science fiction is difficult to define, as it includes a wide range of themes. Rod Serling's definition is "fantasy is the impossible made probable. Science fiction is the improbable made possible." Science fiction is largely based on writing rationally about futures. A spatial setting or scenes in outer space, on other worlds, or on subterranean earth. Characters that include aliens, mutants, androids, or humanoid robots and other types of characters arising from a future human evolution. Futuristic or plausible technology such as ray guns, teleportation machines, humanoid computers. Scientific principles that contradict accepted physical laws, for example time travel, wormholes, or faster-than-light travel or communication. New and different political or social systems, e.g. utopian, dystopian, post-scarcity, or post-apocalyptic. Paranormal abilities such as control, telepathy, telekinesis Other universes or dimensions and travel between them. Isaac Asimov and Carl Sagan considered Kepler's work the first science story. It depicts a journey to the Moon and how the Earth's motion is seen from there. Later, Edgar Allan Poe wrote a story to the moon. More examples appeared throughout the 19th century.Science fiction – A futuristic setting is a common but not a necessary hallmark of science fiction. A common thread in science fiction is exploring the potential consequences of scientific and other innovations on people's lives.
67. The Man Who Fell to Earth (film) – The film maintains a strong cult following for its performances by Hollywood veteran Rip Torn. The same novel was later remade as a less successful 1987 television adaptation. The film was produced by Michael Deeley and Barry Spikings, who reunited two years later to work on The Deer Hunter. His wealth is needed to construct his own space vehicle with the intention of shipping water back to his planet. Mary-Lou introduces Newton to many customs including sex. She and Newton live together, eventually in a house Newton has had built near where he initially landed in New Mexico. Meanwhile, a former professor, has landed a job as a fuel technician with World Enterprises and slowly becomes Newton's confidant. Bryce senses Newton's alienness and arranges a meeting with Newton at his home where he has hidden a special X-ray camera. When he steals a picture of Newton with the camera, it reveals Newton's alien physiology. Newton's appetite for television becomes Mary-Lou fight. Realizing that Bryce has learnt his secret, Newton reveals his alien form to Mary-Lou, her resulting reaction is one of pure shock and horror. He leaves her. Newton attempts to take it amid intense exposure. However, just before his scheduled take-off, he is detained, apparently by a rival company; Farnsworth, is murdered. They have playful sex that involves firing a gun with blanks, afterwards occupy their time drinking and tennis.The Man Who Fell to Earth (film) – original British poster
68. Saturn Award – The award was initially, is still sometimes, loosely referred to as a Golden Scroll. The physical award is a representation of the Saturn, with its ring composed of film. The Saturn Awards are voted by members of the presenting Academy. The Academy is a non-profit organization with membership open to the public. Its members include filmmakers Jeff Rector, Rich Correll, Tom De Santo, Irwin Keyes, among others. There are also special awards for achievement in film production. The 42nd Saturn Awards were held on June 2016, in Burbank, California. Hugo Award Scream Awards Official website Saturn Awards 2009 at FEARnet Saturn Award at the Internet Movie DatabaseSaturn Award – The Saturn Award
69. Webby Award – Categories include websites, advertising & apps, social. Each winner presents a five-word acceptance speech, a trademark of the annual awards show. Hailed as the "Internet’s highest honor," the award is one of the older Internet-oriented awards, is associated with the phrase "The Oscars of the Internet." The Webby Awards began in 1996, sponsored by the Academy of Web Design and Cool Site of the Day. That first year, they were called "Webbie" Awards. The first "Site of the Year" winner was the pioneer webisodic serial The Spot. Today's Webby's were founded by Tiffany Shlain when she was hired by the The Web Magazine to establish the awards. The event quickly became known for their "5 word Speeches". After the first year the awards became more successful than the magazine and IDG closed the publication. Shlain continued to run The Webby Awards with the help of Maya Draisin until 2004. In 2009, the 13th Annual Webby Awards received nearly 10,000 entries from all 50 states and over 60 countries. That same year, more than 500,000 votes were cast in The Webby People's Voice Awards. In 2012, the sixteenth Annual Webby awards received million votes for the People's Voice awards. In 2015, the 19th Annual Webby Awards received nearly 13,000 entries from all 50 U.S. states and over 60 countries worldwide. During the Call for Entries phase, each entry is rated by Associate Members of the International Academy of Digital Arts & Sciences.Webby Award – 2008 Webby Awards, Chocolate Rain.
70. Federico Fellini – Federico Fellini was an Italian film director and screenwriter. Known for baroque images with earthiness, he is recognized as one of the most influential filmmakers of all time. His films have ranked, as some of the greatest films of all time. Sight & Sound lists his 1963 film 1/2 as the 10th greatest film of all time. In 1993, he was awarded an honorary Oscar for Lifetime Achievement in Los Angeles. Fellini was born on 20 January 1920, to middle-class parents in Rimini, then a small town on the Adriatic Sea. Ida Barbiani, came from a bourgeiois Catholic family of Roman merchants. Despite her family's vehement disapproval, she had eloped with Urbano in 1917 to live at his parents' home in Gambettola. A civil marriage followed with the religious ceremony held at Santa Maria Maggiore in Rome a year later. The couple settled in Rimini where Urbano became wholesale vendor. Fellini had three siblings: a documentary director for RAI Television, Skyler Allen, Maria Maddalena. In 1926, he discovered the world of Grand Guignol, the movies. The first film he saw, would mark him in ways linked to Dante and the cinema throughout his entire career. Enrolled at the Ginnasio Giulio Cesare in 1929, he made friends with Luigi ‘Titta’ Benzi, later a prominent Rimini lawyer. In Mussolini's Italy, Fellini and Riccardo became members of the compulsory Fascist youth group for males.Federico Fellini – Federico Fellini
71. 300 (film) – 300 is a 2006 American epic fantasy war film based on the 1998 comic series of the same name by Frank Miller and Lynn Varley. Both are fictionalized retellings of the Battle of Thermopylae within the Persian Wars. The film was directed by Zack Snyder, while Miller served as executive consultant. It was filmed mostly with a super-imposition chroma key technique, to help replicate the imagery of the comic book. The plot revolves around King Leonidas, who leads 300 Spartans into battle against his invading army of more than 300,000 soldiers. As the battle rages, Queen Gorgo attempts to rally support in Sparta for her husband. The story is framed by the Spartan soldier Dilios. Through this technique, various fantastical creatures are introduced, placing 300 within the genre of historical fantasy. A sequel, entitled Rise of an Empire, based on Miller's graphic novel prequel Xerxes, was released on March 7, 2014. The Ephors consult the Oracle, who decrees that Sparta will not go during the Carneia. As Leonidas angrily departs, a messenger from Xerxes appears, rewarding the Ephors for their covert support. At Thermopylae, they construct the wall slain Persian scouts as mortar, angering the Persian Emissary. Stelios, an elite Spartan soldier, orders him to go back to the Persian lines and warn Xerxes after cutting off his whipping arm. Meanwhile, Leonidas encounters a deformed Spartan whose parents fled Sparta to spare him certain infanticide. Ephialtes is enraged.300 (film) – Theatrical release poster
72. Air Mata Iboe – Air Mata Iboe is a 1941 film from the Dutch East Indies directed and written by Njoo Cheong Seng. An eponymous title song written by Njoo. This film, now possibly lost, received positive reviews. A remake was produced under the same title in 1957; Young retook her role. Soegiati is the mother of four children: a daughter named Soepinah. Soemadi receives the most of her attention because he receives little from his father, the merchant Soebagio. Eventually only Soemadi is left. Although he begins a relationship with a young woman named Noormala, he does not marry her as his income is not enough to support them. On the night of Eid al-Fitr, the family gathers for the holiday. That evening the police come to arrest him. He is exiled. Feeling guilty for his sins, Soebagio dies soon afterwards. Because of their debts, their home and belongings are repossessed, leaving Soegiati to fend for herself. Though wealthy, Achmad and Idris refuse to take Soegiati in, fearing their respective wives Moedjenah and Mariam. They live in poverty.Air Mata Iboe – Newspaper advertisement, Surabaya
73. Aitraaz – Aitraaz is a 2004 Indian Hindi-language romantic thriller film directed by Abbas–Mustan. Produced by Subhash Ghai, the film was the third film collaboration between Kumar and Chopra. Aitraaz features Amrish Puri, Annu Kapoor in supporting roles. The screenplay was written by Shiraz Ahmed while Himesh Reshammiya composed the soundtrack. The film tells the story of a man accused by his female superior. It was released on 12 November 2004 to positive reviews, with Chopra receiving critical acclaim for her performance as Sonia Roy. Aitraaz was a commercial success, grossing million at the domestic box office. The film has been noted for its bold subject of a first in Indian cinema. Aitraaz received a number of accolades, particularly for Chopra. Chopra also won the Screen Award for Best Actor in a Negative Role. Additionally, the film received ten nominations at the 6th IIFA Awards, winning three. Raj Malhotra works for Air Voice. Both fall in love, are expecting their first child. Raj expects to be promoted to CEO when the company's chairman arrives with his new wife, Sonia Roy to announce the promotions. Sonia Roy is named the company's new chairman; after a discussion with her husband, she announces the promotions.Aitraaz – Theatrical release poster
74. Alien vs. Predator (film) – Alien vs. Predator is a 2004 science fiction action horror film directed by Paul W. S. Anderson and starring Sanaa Lathan, Lance Henriksen and Raoul Bova. Anderson, Dan O'Bannon and Ronald Shusett wrote the story; and Anderson and Shane Salerno adapted the story into a screenplay. Their writing was influenced by Aztec mythology, the comic book series, the writings of Erich von Däniken. Weyland hopes to claim the find for himself, his group discovers a pyramid below the surface of a whaling station. Hieroglyphs and sculptures reveal that the pyramid is a hunting ground for young Predators who kill Aliens as a rite of passage. The humans are caught in the middle of a battle between the two species and attempt to prevent the Aliens from reaching the surface. The film was released on August 13, 2004 in North America and received negative reviews from film critics. The film grossed over $172 million at the worldwide box office. The film was followed by a sequel, Aliens vs. Predator: Requiem in 2007. In 2004, a satellite detects a mysterious heat bloom beneath Bouvetøya, an island about one thousand miles off the coast of Antarctica. Wealthy industrialist Charles Bishop Weyland discovers through thermal imaging that there is a pyramid buried 2000 feet beneath the ice. He attempts to claim it for his multinational communications company, Weyland Industries, a subsidiary of the Weyland Corporation, assembles a team of experts to investigate. The team includes archaeologists, linguistic experts, drillers, mercenaries, a guide named Alexa Woods. As a Predator ship reaches Earth's orbit, it fires a beam that creates a passage through the ice towards the source of the heat bloom. When the team arrives at the abandoned station above the source, they descend beneath the ice.Alien vs. Predator (film) – Theatrical release poster
75. American Beauty (1999 film) – American Beauty is a 1999 American drama film directed by Sam Mendes and written by Alan Ball. Kevin Spacey stars as a 42-year-old executive who has a midlife crisis when he becomes infatuated with his teenaged daughter's best friend, Angela. Thora Birch plays Jane. Allison Janney also feature. Ball began writing American Beauty as a play in the early 1990s, partly inspired by the media circus around the Amy Fisher trial in 1992. He shelved the play after realizing the story would not work on stage. After several years as a screenwriter, Ball revived the idea in 1997 when attempting to break into the industry. The modified script had a cynical outlook, influenced by Ball's frustrating tenures writing for several sitcoms. Producers Dan Jinks and Bruce Cohen took American Beauty to DreamWorks; the then-fledgling studio bought Ball's script for $250,000, outbidding other production bodies. DreamWorks financed the $15 million production and served as its North American distributor. Photography took place in Los Angeles. Mendes' dominant style was deliberate and composed; he made extensive use of static shots and slow pans and zooms to generate tension. Cinematographer Conrad Hall complemented Mendes' style with the turbulent on-screen events. During editing, Mendes made several changes that gave the film a less cynical tone than the script. Released in North America on September 1999, American Beauty was positively grossed over $356 million worldwide.American Beauty (1999 film) – Theatrical release poster
76. Asmara Moerni – Asmara Moerni is a 1941 romance film from the Dutch East Indies directed by Rd Ariffien and produced by Ang Hock Liem for Union Films. Written by Saeroen, the film followed a doctor who falls with his maid, as well as her failed romance with a fellow villager. Starring Adnan Kapau Gani, S. Joesoef, the black-and-white film was cast and advertised to cater to the growing native intelligentsia. Despite mixed reviews, it was a commercial success. As with most films of the Indies, Asmara Moerni may be lost. After four years of doing his residency in Singkawang, Borneo, Dr. Pardi returns to Java to open a practice. Before then, he goes to Cigading to give them souvenirs. Upon arrival he is stunned to find that his family's maid Tati, his playmate, is now a grown and beautiful woman. He secretly begins to fawn over Tati, although he does not tell the reason. When Pardi's mother tells him he should marry quickly, he refuses all of her suggested brides. He says only that he already has someone in mind, aware that his mother would never approve an inter-class marriage with the maid. Amir, is jealous of all the attention that Tati is receiving, which leaves her no time for him. He plans to leave Cigading for Batavia, where he will find work. Tati, upon learning this, joins him. Together they begin saving for their wedding.Asmara Moerni – Cover of the novelisation
77. Atlantis: The Lost Empire – Development of the film began after production had finished on The Hunchback of Notre Dame. Instead of another musical, the team decided to do an action-adventure film inspired by the works of Jules Verne. Atlantis was notable for adopting the visual style of comic book creator Mike Mignola. Linguist Marc Okrand created a language in Atlantis while James Newton Howard provided the score. The film was released at a time when interest in animated films was shifting away from hand-drawn animation toward films with full CGI. Atlantis: The Lost Empire premiered at the El Capitan Theatre in Hollywood, California on June 3, 2001, went into general release on June 15. Released by Walt Disney Pictures, Atlantis performed modestly at the office. Budgeted at $ million, the film grossed over $186 million worldwide, $84 million of, earned in North America. Due to the film's lackluster box performance, Disney quietly canceled both a spin-off television series and an underwater attraction at its Disneyland theme park. Atlantis won Best Sound Editing at the 2002 Golden Reel Awards. The film was released on January 29, 2002; the Blu-ray released on June 11, 2013. Atlantis is considered to be a favorite, due in part to Mignola's unique artistic influence. Atlantis: Milo's Return, was released in 2003. Many centuries ago, a tidal wave triggered by a distant explosion threatens to drown the island of Atlantis. The crystal creates a dome barrier that protects the city's innermost district.Atlantis: The Lost Empire – Theatrical release poster
78. B movie – A B movie is a low-budget commercial movie, not an arthouse film. Early B movies were often part of series in which the star repeatedly played the same character. Always shorter than the top-billed films they were paired with, many had running times of 70 minutes or less. The term connoted a general perception that B movies were inferior to the more handsomely budgeted headliners; individual B films were often ignored by critics. Series are less common. As the running time of top-of-the-line films increased, so did that of B pictures. The term is also now used loosely to refer to some mainstream films with exploitation-style content, usually in genres traditionally associated with the B movie. From their beginnings to the present day, B movies have provided opportunities both for those coming up in others whose careers are waning. Celebrated filmmakers such as Jonathan Demme learned their craft in B movies. Some actors, such as Bela Lugosi, Pam Grier, worked in B movies for most of their careers. The term actor is sometimes used to refer to a performer who finds work primarily or exclusively in B pictures. Films made quickly for around $50,000. Studios such as Columbia Pictures and Film Booking Offices of America, focused on exactly those sorts of cheap production. Their movies, with relatively short running times, targeted theaters that had to economize on rental and operating costs, "nabes". A new scheme developed that would soon become standard practice: a newsreel, a short and/or serial, a cartoon, followed by a double feature.B movie – The "King of the Bs", Roger Corman, produced and directed The Raven (1963) for American International Pictures. Vincent Price headlines a cast of veteran character actors along with a young Jack Nicholson.
79. Bale Out – The piece parodies Christian Bale by utilizing audio from a July 2008 rant made by the actor on the set of Terminator Salvation. The YouTube page for the song had been viewed over 200,000 times, over a million times by February 5, 2009. United Press International noted it was "catchy", characterizing it as a "YouTube sensation". Gil Kaufman of MTV.com described the piece as "a demonic dance party". Nine News characterized it as a "raging online success". In July 2008, Christian Bale was filming a scene in New Mexico for the film Terminator Salvation with actress Bryce Dallas Howard. The actor proceeded to yell obscenities at Hurlbut. Bale said he would quit the film if Hurlbut was not subsequently fired. Hurlbut responded calmly and continued shooting for seven hours after the incident. The TMZ.com reported the occurrence soon after it happened, posted an audio recording on February 2, 2009. The event did not become widely publicized after TMZ.com had posted the audio of Bale's outburst. He said that he and Hurlbut talked after the conflict and "resolved this completely". It looks fantastic." Senator John Kerry at the University of Florida. The Associated Press reported that Piane was "drawn to the musicality of Bale's rage-filled voice".Bale Out – Christian Bale in July 2008, the same month as his outburst
80. Barton Fink – Barton Fink is a 1991 American period film written, produced, directed and edited by the Coen brothers. The Coens wrote the screenplay while experiencing difficulty during the writing of Miller's Crossing. They began filming the former soon after Miller's Crossing was finished. The film is influenced by works of several earlier directors, particularly Roman Polanski's Repulsion and The Tenant. Barton Fink had its premiere at the Cannes Film Festival in May 1991. In a rare sweep, it won the Palme d'Or, well as awards for Best Director and Best Actor. Despite disagreement around certain details of the work, Barton Fink continues to be positively received, with screenwriter Charlie Kaufman among its admirers. In 1941, Bare Ruined Choirs, has achieved critical and popular success. His agent informs him that Capitol Pictures in Hollywood has offered a thousand dollars per week to write film scripts. Barton worried that moving to California would separate him from "the common man", his focus as a writer. He accepts checks into the Hotel Earle, a large and unusually deserted building. In his first meeting with Capitol Pictures boss Jack Lipnick, Barton explains that he chose the Earle because he wants lodging, "less Hollywood". Lipnick assigns his new employee to a wrestling film. However, Barton is unable to write. He phones the front desk to complain.Barton Fink – Theatrical release poster
81. Battlefield Earth (film) – Battlefield Earth is a 2000 American science fiction action film based upon the first half of L. Ron Hubbard's 1982 novel of the same name. A long-time Scientologist, had sought for many years to make a film of the novel by Hubbard, the founder of Scientology. He was unable to obtain funding from any major studio due to concerns about the film's script, connections with Scientology. The project was eventually taken on by an independent production company, Franchise Pictures, which specialized in rescuing stars' stalled pet projects. Battlefield Earth was released on May 2000. The film has been called one of the worst films of all time. It has since become a film in the so bad, it's good vein. However, the film's poor performance at the office, as well as the collapse of Franchise Pictures, ended plans for a sequel. In the year 3000, Earth has been ruled by the Psychlos, a brutal race of giant humanoid aliens. A member of one such tribe, leaves his home in the Rocky Mountains on a journey of exploration. Psychlos are unable to visit such areas due to the explosive interaction of the gas they breathe with radionuclide particles. Terl gives him a Psychlo education using a rapid-learning machine. Terl gives a party of slaves and a Psychlo flying shuttle and orders him to go out and find gold. After learning myriad other things from the rapid learning machine, Jonnie plots a human uprising against the Psychlos. He uses the free time to plot a revolution.Battlefield Earth (film) – Theatrical release poster
82. Bezhin Meadow – Bezhin Meadow is a 1937 Soviet film famous for having been suppressed and believed destroyed before its completion. Pavlik Morozov was immortalized in film. Some, however, blamed the failure of Bezhin Meadow on interference policies, extending all the way to Joseph Stalin himself. In the wake of the film's failure, Eisenstein publicly recanted his work as an error. Individuals were arrested after the ensuing debacle. Bezhin Meadow was long thought lost in the wake of World War II bombings. Rich in religious symbolism, its history became the focus of academic study. In spite of the failure of Bezhin Meadow, Eisenstein would rebound to become artistic director of a major film studio. Because Bezhin Meadow was repeatedly edited, re-shot, changed to satisfy the Soviet government authorities, several versions of the film were created. Samokhin grows progressively more frustrated by success. Eventually, Stepok is in turn slain by his own father for betraying his family. The other Young Pioneers desecrate it in response to Stepok's death. A later re-editing of the film opens with images of blue sky, showing a stone obelisk with Turgenev's name on it. It is next revealed that Stepok's mother has been beaten by his father. His father quotes from the Bible: "If the son betrays his father, kill him like a dog!"Bezhin Meadow – Ivan Turgenev, 1872
83. Blackrock (film) – Blackrock is a 1997 Australian drama thriller film directed by Steven Vidler and written by Nick Enright. The film also features the first credited film performance of Heath Ledger. The film follows a young surfer who witnesses his friends raping a girl. When she is found murdered the next day, Jared is torn between protecting his friends. The film was also shown at the Boston Film Festival, though it never found an American distributor. It received generally positive reviews in Australia, where it grossed $ million at the box office. Outside Australia, where audiences were less familiar with Leigh's murder, it received mixed reviews. Blackrock is an Australian working-class suburb where surfing is popular among youths like Jared. His serious girlfriend is Rachel, who comes from a much wealthier part of the city. Ricko, a surfer popular among the local youths, returns from an eleven-month trip. A photographer who takes provocative images of women, forbids her from attending the party, though he allows her older brother Toby to attend. While driving to the party, Toby gives them a ride. Jared subsequently gets into a fight with Toby. Ricko comes to Jared's defence, though Jared breaks up the fight after Ricko has hit Toby several times. Tracy comes to comfort Toby and Jared leaves the party to head to the beach alone.Blackrock (film) – Theatrical release poster
84. Blade Runner – Blade Runner is a 1982 American neo-noir science fiction film directed by Ridley Scott, starring Harrison Ford, Rutger Hauer, Sean Young, Edward James Olmos. The film depicts a dystopian Los Angeles in which genetically engineered replicants, which are visually indistinguishable from adult humans, are manufactured by the powerful Tyrell Corporation. They are exclusively utilized for dangerous or menial work on off-world colonies. Replicants who defy the return to Earth are hunted down and killed by special police operatives known as "Blade Runners". Blade Runner initially polarized critics: some were displeased with the pacing, while others enjoyed its thematic complexity. The year following the film won the prestigious Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation. Blade Runner has since become a cult film. Hailed for its design, depicting a "retrofitted" future, it remains a leading example of the neo-noir genre. Several later films were based on his work. Ridley Scott regards Blade Runner as "probably" his most personal film. Blade Runner is now regarded as one of the all-time best science fiction films. Seven versions of the film have been shown as a result of controversial changes made by film executives. A Director's Cut was released in 1992 to workprint screenings. In Los Angeles in November 2019, ex-police officer Rick Deckard is brought to his former supervisor, Bryant. As Tyrell Corporation Nexus-6 models, they may have come to Earth to try to extend their lives.Blade Runner – Theatrical release poster by John Alvin
85. Borat – Borat: Cultural Learnings of America for Make Benefit Glorious Nation of Kazakhstan is a 2006 British-American mockumentary comedy film. The film was distributed by 20th Century Fox. Four By Two Productions. Borat was also nominated for Best Adapted Screenplay at the 79th Academy Awards. Controversy surrounded the film prior to its release, after the film's release, some cast members spoke against, even sued, its creators. The Russian government discouraged Russian cinemas from showing it. It was released on DVD 5 March 2007. His companions are a pet hen. In New York, Borat immediately falls in love with Pamela Anderson's character, C. J. Parker. While mocking a panel of feminists, he learns of the actress' name and her residence in California. Borat is then informed by telegram that Oxana has been killed by a bear. Delighted, he secretly resolves to make Anderson his new wife. He makes excuses to convince Azamat to travel with him. Azamat is afraid of flying because of the attacks, which he believes were the work of Jews. Borat, therefore, buys a dilapidated Gaz ice-cream truck for the journey.Borat – Theatrical release poster in faux Cyrillic
86. Boys Don't Cry (film) – Boys Don't Cry is a 1999 American romantic drama film directed by Kimberly Peirce and co-written by Peirce and Andy Bienen. The film also stars Chloë Sevigny, Alicia Goranson. After reading about the case while in college, Peirce conducted extensive research for a screenplay, which she worked on for almost five years. Swank was chosen because her personality seemed similar to Teena's. Peirce could not picture her playing a man, so she was ultimately cast as Teena's Lana. Most of the film's characters were based on real-life people; others were composites. Filming occurred in Texas area. The film premiered before appearing at various other film festivals. The film received overwhelming acclaim from critics. However, some people, involved with Brandon in real life criticized the film for not portraying the events accurately. The pair were also nominated at the 57th Golden Globe Awards, with Swank winning the Best Actress – Drama award. Boys which dealt with controversial issues, was later reclassified to an R rating. It was released on home video in September 2000. Brandon Teena is a young trans man whose birth name was Teena Renae Brandon. When Brandon is discovered to be transgender by a former girlfriend's brother, he receives physical threats.Boys Don't Cry (film) – Theatrical release poster
87. The Boys from Baghdad High – The Boys from Baghdad High, also known as Baghdad High, is a British-American-French television documentary film. It was first shown in the United Kingdom before airing on BBC Two on 8 January 2008. It also aired in other countries including France, Australia, the United States, Canada, Germany and the Netherlands. The documentary was filmed by themselves, who were given video cameras for the project. The Boys from Baghdad High received high viewership when it was reviewed favourably in the media. The documentary also received a nomination for the Amnesty International 2008 Television Documentary and Docudrama UK Media Award. At the same time, the boys must also deal with the increasing violence, starting to extend into Karrada. Many of their fellow students, academically underperforming, are absent from school. Ali Shadman is one of the few Kurdish people remaining in Baghdad. His family resort to siphoning petrol from their car to run their back-up generator when the power grid fails. When the generator breaks down one night, Ali begins to wonder why he is fixing it instead of studying in peace. He reports the neighbourhood's news but explains there is nothing to speak of other than the usual explosions, violence, death. A Syriac Christian, tries to remain philosophical and hopes that armed gangs will not attack the school. A Shia Muslim, hopes to become a famous singer-songwriter. He frequently downloads music videos of English-language music so he can learn popular English songs and dance moves.The Boys from Baghdad High – Tribeca Film Festival poster
88. Branded to Kill – Branded to Kill is a 1967 Japanese yakuza film directed by Seijun Suzuki and starring Joe Shishido, Koji Nanbara and Annu Mari. It was production line number for the Nikkatsu Company, originally released in a double bill with Shōgorō Nishimura's Burning Nature. The story follows Goro Hanada in his life as a killer. He falls with a woman named Misako, who recruits him for a seemingly impossible mission. When the mission fails, he becomes hunted by the phantom Number One Killer, whose methods threaten his sanity much as his life. The studio called in Suzuki to rewrite and direct it at the last minute. Suzuki welcomed ideas from his collaborators. He gave a satirical, anarchic and visually eclectic bent which the studio had previously warned him away from. Suzuki was ostensibly fired for making "movies that make no sense and no money". Suzuki successfully caused a major controversy through the Japanese film industry. Suzuki became a counterculture hero. The film grew a strong following, which has established itself as a cult classic. Film enthusiasts now regard it as an absurdist masterpiece. It has been cited by filmmakers such as Jim Jarmusch, John Woo, Chan-wook Park and Quentin Tarantino, composer John Zorn. Thirty-four years after Branded to Kill, Suzuki filmed Pistol Opera to the former.Branded to Kill – Original Japanese theatrical poster
89. Bride of Frankenstein – Bride of Frankenstein is a 1935 American sci fi horror film, the first sequel to Universal Pictures' 1931 hit Frankenstein. It is considered one of the few sequels to a great film, even better than the original film on which it is based. As with the first film, Bride of Frankenstein stars Boris Karloff as The Monster. The film is rooted in a subplot of the original Mary Shelley novel, Frankenstein. Script problems delayed the project. Photography began in January 1935, with creative personnel from the original returning in front of and behind the camera. Bride of Frankenstein was released to popular acclaim, although it encountered difficulties with some state and national censorship boards. It has been hailed as Whale's masterpiece. On a stormy night, Percy Bysshe Shelley and Lord Byron praise Mary Shelley for her story of his Monster. Reminding them that her intention was to impart a moral lesson, Mary says she has more of the story to tell. The scene shifts to the end of the 1931 Frankenstein. Villagers gathered around the windmill cheer the apparent death of the Monster. Their joy is tempered by the realization that Henry Frankenstein is also apparently dead. Father of the girl the creature drowned in the previous film, wants to see the Monster's bones. He falls into a flooded pit underneath the mill, where the Monster – having survived the fire – strangles him.Bride of Frankenstein – theatrical release poster
90. But I'm a Cheerleader – But I'm a Cheerleader is a 1999 satirical romantic comedy film directed by Jamie Babbit and written by Brian Wayne Peterson. Natasha Lyonne stars as a high school cheerleader whose parents send her to a residential inpatient conversion therapy camp to cure her lesbianism. There Megan soon falls in love. The supporting cast includes Melanie Lynskey, Dante Basco, Eddie Cibrian, Clea DuVall, Cathy Moriarty, RuPaul, Richard Moll, Mink Stole, Kip Pardue, Bud Cort. But I'm a Cheerleader was Babbit's first film. It was inspired by her childhood familiarity with rehabilitation programs. She used the story of a young woman finding her sexual identity to explore the social construction of heteronormativity. The costume and design of the film highlighted these themes using artificial textures in intense blues and pinks. When it was initially rated by the MPAA, Babbit made cuts to allow it to be re-rated as R. When interviewed in the documentary film This Film Is Not Yet Rated Babbit criticized the MPAA for discriminating against films with gay content. Many critics did not like the film, criticizing the colorful production design. Although the lead actors were praised for their performances, some of the characters were described as stereotypical. Seventeen-year-old Megan is a high school senior who loves cheerleading and is dating football player Jared. She prefers looking at her fellow cheerleaders. Combined with Megan's interest in Melissa Etheridge, her family and friends suspect that Megan is in fact a lesbian.But I'm a Cheerleader – Original film poster
91. Cannibal Holocaust – Cannibal Holocaust is a 1980 Italian cannibal exploitation horror film directed by Ruggero Deodato from a screenplay by Gianfranco Clerici. It stars Carl Gabriel Yorke, Robert Kerman, Francesca Ciardi, Luca Barbareschi. Influenced by the works of Mondo director Gualtiero Jacopetti, the film was inspired by Italian media reporting of Red Brigade terrorism. The coverage included news reports an idea which became an integral aspect of the film's story. Cannibal Holocaust was filmed primarily with indigenous tribes interacting with American and Italian actors. The film tells the story of a missing documentary crew who had gone to the Amazon to film cannibal tribes. Upon viewing the reels, after learning their fate, he objects to the station's intent to air the documentary. Cannibal Holocaust achieved notoriety as its graphic violence aroused a great deal of controversy. After its premiere in Italy, Deodato was arrested on obscenity charges. He was later charged with making a film due to rumors that claimed some actors were killed on camera. Some nations have since revoked the ban, though it is still upheld in several countries. Critics have suggested that the film is a commentary about civilized versus uncivilized society. In 1979, an American crew disappears in the Amazon rainforest while on an expedition to film a documentary about indigenous cannibal tribes. The team consists of the director; Faye Daniels, his girlfriend and script girl; and two cameramen, Jack Anders and Mark Tomaso. An anthropologist at New York University, agrees to lead a rescue team in hopes of finding the missing filmmakers alive.Cannibal Holocaust – Theatrical release poster
92. The Carpet from Bagdad – The Carpet from Bagdad is a 1915 American silent adventure film directed by Colin Campbell and based on Harold MacGrath's 1911 eponymous novel. He sells the carpet to antique dealer George Jones to fund the scheme. But the theft places Fortune Chedsoye, the innocent daughter of another conspirator, in danger from the carpet's guardian. Marketing for the film included a media tour of an invitation-only screening sponsored by the publisher of MacGrath's book. The Carpet from Bagdad was released on 3 May 1915 to mostly positive reviews. Many praised realistic Middle East imagery, although some felt the scenery overshadowed the characters. The film is now mostly lost, although one badly damaged reel was salvaged from the RMS Lusitania in 1982. Disinherited brother of New York banker Arthur Wadsworth, joins a gang of international criminals. Horace, learning of the Sacred Carpet of Bagdad, joins the caravan of its sworn guardian, Mohamed. Meanwhile, Horace's confederates Major Callahan and Mrs. Chedsoye arrive in Cairo along with Fortune, unaware of her mother's illicit activities. When the criminals meet in Cairo, Jones becomes enamored of Fortune. Horace sells it to Jones to fund the robbery plan. Fortune, becoming suspicious of the surrounding events, steals the prayer rug from Jones and hides it in her mother's effects. Unable to locate the stolen carpet, Mohamed kidnaps Horace, Jones, Fortune. The captives flee to Damascus.The Carpet from Bagdad – Wheeler Oakman, Kathlyn Williams, and Charles Clary in The Carpet from Bagdad
93. Casablanca (film) – The film stars Paul Henreid; it also features Claude Rains, Conrad Veidt, Sydney Greenstreet, Dooley Wilson. Story editor Irene Diamond convinced producer Hal B. Wallis to purchase the film rights to the play in January 1942. Brothers Julius and Philip G. Epstein were initially assigned to write the script. However, despite studio resistance, they left to work on Frank Capra's Why We Fight series early in 1942. Howard E. Koch was assigned to the screenplay until the Epsteins returned a month later. Casey Robinson assisted with three weeks of rewrites, but his work would later go uncredited. Wallis chose Curtiz to direct the film after his first choice, William Wyler, became unavailable. Principal photography began on May 25, 1942, ending on August 3; the film was shot entirely at Warner Bros. Studios in Burbank, with the exception of one sequence at Van Nuys Airport in Van Nuys, Los Angeles. It was just one of hundreds of pictures produced by Hollywood every year. Casablanca was rushed into release to take advantage of the publicity from the Allied invasion of North Africa a few weeks earlier. It was released nationally on January 1943. The film was a solid if unspectacular success in its initial run. Casablanca went on to win three Academy Awards – Best Picture, Director and Adapted Screenplay – and gradually its reputation grew.Casablanca (film) – Theatrical release poster by Bill Gold
94. Casino Royale (2006 film) – Casino Royale is set at the beginning of Bond's career as Agent 007, just as he is earning his licence to kill. The arc continues in the following film Quantum of Solace. Skyfall and Spectre also feature explicit references to characters and events in this film. Additionally, the character Miss Moneypenny is, for the first time in the series, completely absent. Location filming took place with interior sets built at Pinewood Studios. Although part of the storyline is set in Montenegro, no filming took place there. Casino Royale was produced for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and Columbia Pictures making the first Eon-produced Bond film to be co-produced by the latter studio. Casino Royale premiered at the Odeon Leicester Square on 14 November 2006. It received critical response, with reviewers highlighting Craig's reinvention of the film's departure from the tropes of previous Bond films. It earned almost $ million worldwide, becoming the highest-grossing James Bond film in 2012. In Prague, James Bond kills his terrorist contact, becoming a 00 agent. In Uganda, the mysterious Mr. White introduces warlord Steven Obanno to Le Chiffre, a terrorist financier. In Madagascar, Bond pursues Mollaka to an African embassy. Bond kills Mollaka and blows up the building. In London, MI6 chief M admonishes Bond for his rashness, advises him to rethink his future as an agent.Casino Royale (2006 film) – British cinema poster for Casino Royale, designed by Empire Design
95. The Cat and the Canary (1927 film) – The Cat and the Canary is a 1927 American silent horror film adaptation of John Willard's 1922 black comedy play of the same name. The plot revolves around the death of Cyrus West, the reading of his will 20 years later. When she and her family spend the night in his haunted mansion they are stalked by a mysterious figure. Meanwhile, a lunatic known as "the Cat" escapes in the mansion. The film is part of a genre of horror films inspired by 1920s Broadway stage plays. Paul Leni's adaptation of Willard's play blended expressionism with humor, critics recognized as unique. Leni's style of directing made the Canary influential in the "old dark house" genre of films popular from the 1930s through the 1950s. The film is considered "the cornerstone of Universal's school of horror." The play has been filmed five other times, with the most notable in 1939 starring Paulette Goddard. In a decaying mansion overlooking the Hudson River, millionaire Cyrus West approaches death. His greedy family descends like "cats around a canary" causing him to become insane. West orders that his last testament remain locked in a safe and go unread until the 20th anniversary of his death. As the appointed time arrives, Roger Crosby, discovers that a second will mysteriously appeared in the safe. The second will may only be opened if the terms of the first will are not fulfilled. Cyrus West's fortune is bequeathed to the most distant relative bearing the West: Annabelle.The Cat and the Canary (1927 film) – original 1927 window card
96. Chandralekha (1948 film) – Chandralekha is a 1948 Indian Tamil-language, historical, adventure film directed and produced by S. S. Vasan. The development of Chandralekha began in the early 1940s when, after two successive box office hits, Vasan announced that his next film would be titled Chandralekha. Originally made in Tamil and later in Hindi, Chandralekha was in production for five years from 1943 to 1948. It went through a number of changes to the script, cast, production, ultimately became the most expensive film made in India at the time. Vasan mortgaged all of his property and even sold his jewellery to complete the film. Cinematography was by Kamal Ghosh and K. Ramnoth. Chandralekha was released on 8 April 1948 and received generally positive reviews, but was unable to recover its production costs. South Indian cinema gained prominence throughout the country with the film's release. The film inspired South Indian film producers to market their Hindi films in North India. It was dubbed in English, Japanese, Danish and other foreign languages and was screened at Indian and international film festivals. Veerasimhan and Sasankan are the sons of a king. While passing through a village on his horse, Veerasimhan meets a village dancer named Chandralekha and they fall in love. At the palace, the king decides to abdicate in favour of Veerasimhan. This enrages the younger brother Sasankan; he forms a gang of thieves who embark on a crime spree. Chandralekha's father is injured in the ensuing chaos and dies soon after.Chandralekha (1948 film) – International poster
97. Conan the Barbarian (1982 film) – Conan the Barbarian is a 1982 American epic fantasy film co-written and directed by John Milius. Raffaella De Laurentiis produced the film for her father Dino De Laurentiis. Basil Poledouris composed the music. Ideas for a Conan film were proposed early as 1970. A concerted effort by executive producer Edward R. Pressman and associate producer Edward Summer to produce the film started in 1975. It took two years to obtain the film rights, after which they recruited Schwarzenegger for the lead role and Oliver Stone to draft a script. He rewrote Stone's script. The final screenplay integrated scenes from Howard's stories and from films such as Kwaidan and Seven Samurai. Filming took place in Spain in the regions around Madrid and Almería. The sets, designed by Ron Cobb, were based on Frank Frazetta's paintings of Conan. Milius eschewed optical effects, preferring to realize his ideas with optical illusions. Two types of swords, costing $10,000 each, were forged for his character. Several violent scenes were cut. Critics also negatively reviewed the film's violent scenes. Despite the criticisms, Conan was popular with young males.Conan the Barbarian (1982 film) – Main promotional art by Renato Casaro for the film
98. A Cure for Pokeritis – A Cure for Pokeritis is a 1912 short silent film starring John Bunny and Flora Finch. After Bunny's death, a re-release was announced with the alternative title A Sure Cure for Pokeritis. This domestic comedy depicts a woman who stops her husband's gambling habit by having her cousin stage a fake raid on the weekly poker game. It was one of similar shorts produced by Vitagraph Studios, whose popularity made Bunny and Finch early film stars. Although its style of humor is dated, it has been recognized as a historically important representative of its genre. Upon returning home from an evening spent losing at poker, George Brown swears off gambling forever. When George talks in his sleep, she has her cousin Freddie Dewdrop follow him, allowing her to learn the truth. Together with the wives of the other poker players, she enacts a plan to end the gambling. The members of his Bible study group dress up as police officers and raid the game. The police leave the men to be scolded, purportedly in place of being arrested. As the film ends, the Browns reconcile. The intended names of the characters played by Flora Finch are not entirely clear. In the film itself, the letter written to gather the wives together identifies the two main characters as Mary and George Brown. However, Vitagraph's in-house publication included cast lists for all of the studio's films. The number of these shorts originally produced is unknown because Vitagraph's films were generally not archived.A Cure for Pokeritis – John Bunny and Flora Finch as George and Mary Brown
99. Departures (2008 film) – Departures is a 2008 Japanese drama film directed by Yōjirō Takita and starring Masahiro Motoki, Ryōko Hirosue, Tsutomu Yamazaki. He is subjected to prejudice from those around him, because of strong social taboos against people who deal with death. Eventually he learns the importance of interpersonal connections through the beauty and dignity of his work. Departures was finished a decade later. This success was topped in 2009, when it became the Japanese production to win the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film. Departures received mixed with aggregator Rotten Tomatoes indicating an 81 % approval rating from 103 reviews. Critics took issue with its predictability and overt sentimentality. Reviewers focused mainly on the humanity which death brings to the surface and how it strengthens family bonds. Daigo Kobayashi loses his job as a cellist when his orchestra is disbanded. Daigo feels hatred towards his guilt for not taking better care of his mother. He still keeps a "letter-stone" -- a stone, said to convey meaning through its texture -- which his father had given many years before. Daigo finds an advertisement for a job "assisting departures". Though reluctant, Daigo receives a cash advance from his new boss, Sasaki. Daigo is furtive about his hides the true nature of the job from Mika. His first assignment is to assist with the encoffinment of a woman who remained undiscovered for two weeks.Departures (2008 film) – Japanese release poster
100. Diary of a Camper – Diary of a Camper is a short 1996 American film made using id Software's 1996 first-person shooter computer game Quake. It was created by United Ranger Films, clan, known as the Rangers. The film was first released over the Internet as a non-interactive game file. The video is generally considered the first known example of machinima -- the art of using real-time, 3-D environments, often game engines, to create animated films. Although players had previously recorded segments of gameplay, these were usually speedruns, attempts to complete a map as quickly as possible. Diary of a Camper was the first demo to contain a narrative instead of merely showing gameplay. Commentators acknowledge its importance in establishing video games as a medium for filmmaking. Diary of a Camper occurs entirely within the Quake DM6. After exploring some of the area, the Rangers decide to send two members, Sphinx and Pyoveli, to scout a room above. Shortly after they teleport into the room, the camper waiting there kills both, as confirmed by in-game text messages that appear on the screen. The remaining three Rangers -- ColdSun, an unidentified member -- realize their comrades' fate and return fire from a distance, killing the camper. Examining the remains, they identify their foe as John Romero. Diary of a Camper is built to record gameplay, which appeared earlier in id Software's 1993 computer game Doom. Using this feature, players could efficiently itself, later replay them in real-time through the game engine. Quake, offered new opportunities for both multiplayer gameplay and customization, while preserving the demo recording ability.Diary of a Camper – A scene from Diary of a Camper
101. Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge – Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge, also known by the initialism DDLJ, is an Indian romance film written and directed by Aditya Chopra and produced by Yash Chopra. Released on 20 October 1995, the film stars Shah Rukh Khan and Kajol. The plot revolves around two young non-resident Indians, who fall through Europe with their friends. Raj tries to win over Simran's family so the couple can marry, but Simran's father has long since promised her hand to his friend's son. The film was shot to August 1995. Its soundtrack album became one of the most popular of the 1990s. Many critics praised the film, which connected with different segments of society by simultaneously promoting strong family values and the following of one's own heart. Its success led other film makers to target the non-resident Indian audience, deemed more lucrative for them. It spawned many imitations of its story and style, homages to specific scenes. It is the longest-running film in the history of Indian cinema. As of 2016, over 20 years after its first release, it is still being shown at the Maratha Mandir theatre in Mumbai. Raj Malhotra and Simran Singh are non-resident Indians living in London. Simran was raised by her strict and conservative father, Baldev Singh, while Raj's father was very liberal. Simran always dreams of meeting her ideal man. One should blindly believe they come true.Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge – Theatrical release poster
102. Djaoeh Dimata – Djaoeh Dimata is a 1948 film from what is now Indonesia written and directed by Andjar Asmara for the South Pacific Film Corporation. Starring Ali Joego, it follows a woman who goes to Jakarta to find work after her husband is blinded in an accident. SPFC's first production, Djaoeh Dimata cost almost 130,000 gulden. SPFC produced six more works before closing in 1949. A copy of the film is stored at Sinematek Indonesia. Asrad, is blinded following a traffic accident and thus unable to work. As a result, his wife Soelastri travels to Jakarta, to find a job. As Asrad fears she may be unfaithful, he writes her a letter telling her to not come back. Soelastri becomes a singer, – unknown to Asrad – soon achieves wide acclaim. "Djaoeh Dimata", receives heavy airplay on the radio and soon becomes one of Asrad's favourites. Ultimately Soelastri is brought home by Soekarto, who attempts to pass her off as a maid for Asrad. When Asrad recognises his wife's voice, they are reconciled. The first two years of the 1940s saw a growth with over forty domestic productions released. Following the Japanese occupation in February 1942, nearly all film studios were closed. The ethnic Chinese-owned Multi Film, was confiscated by the Japanese to establish the film production company Nippon Eigasha in Jakarta, the colony's capital.Djaoeh Dimata – Newspaper advertisement, Surabaya
103. Dream of the Rarebit Fiend – Dream of the Rarebit Fiend is a newspaper comic strip by American cartoonist Winsor McCay, begun September 10, 1904. It was McCay's successful strip, after Little Sammy Sneeze secured him a position on the cartoon staff of the New York Herald. Rarebit Fiend appeared in a newspaper published by the Herald. For contractual reasons, McCay signed the strip with the name "Silas". The character regrets having eaten the rarebit. The dreams often reveal unflattering sides of the dreamers' psyches -- their phobias, hypocrisies, dark fantasies. This was to the colorful fantasy dreams in McCay's signature strip Little Nemo which he began in 1905. Whereas children were Nemo's audience, McCay aimed Rarebit Fiend at adults. The popularity of Rarebit Fiend and Nemo led to McCay gaining a contract in 1911 with William Randolph Hearst's chain of newspapers with a star's salary. His editor there had McCay give up comic strips in favor of editorial cartooning. McCay revived the strip in 1923–1925 as Rarebit Reveries, of which few examples have survived. Typically, the strip would begin with an absurd situation which became more absurd until the Fiend -- the dreamer -- awakened in the final panel. Some situations were merely silly: elephants falling from two women's mink coats having a fight. In some strips the Fiend was a spectator watching horrible things happen to someone close to themself. The protagonists are typically urban bourgeoisie whom McCay subjects to fears of social esteem or respectability.Dream of the Rarebit Fiend – January 28, 1905, Rarebit Fiend episode
104. Dredd – Dredd is a 2012 science fiction action film directed by Pete Travis and written and produced by Alex Garland. Its eponymous character created by John Wagner and Carlos Ezquerra. Produced by British studio DNA Films, Dredd began principal photography, using 3D cameras throughout, in November 2010. Filming took place in Cape Town and Johannesburg. Dredd was released on 7 September 2012 on 21 September 2012 worldwide. Despite the critical response, the film earned just over $41 million at the box office on an estimated budget of $30 -- 45 million. Dredd has since been recognised as a cult film. The future United States is a irradiated wasteland known as the Cursed Earth. On the east coast lies Mega-City One, a violent metropolis with 800 million residents and 17,000 crimes reported daily. The only force for order are the Judges, who act as judge, executioner. Judge Dredd is tasked with evaluating new recruit Cassandra Anderson, a powerful psychic who failed the aptitude tests to be a Judge. Dredd and Anderson are sent in to learn of a drug den, which they raid. They arrest a thug named Kay, whom Anderson's probe reveals to be the one who carried out the drug dealers' executions. Dredd decides to take him for questioning. Dredd and Anderson killed, forcing the Judges to fight their way through dozens of armed thugs.Dredd – Theatrical release poster
105. Dustbin Baby (film) – Dustbin Baby is a BBC television film directed by Juliet May, based on Jacqueline Wilson's 2001 novel of the same name. It was first broadcast on 21 December 2008. David Haig stars as Marion's friend and colleague. The film was produced by Kindle Entertainment. Dustbin Baby deals with themes including maternal bonding, bullying, crime. The story revolves around April running away on her fourteenth birthday, while Marion searches for her. April's life is recounted in flashbacks as she meets visits places that are significant to her. Critics responded positively to the film, with Wilson saying she thought it was the best film adaptation of any of her works. It was released on DVD on 12 January 2009. Dustbin Baby was awarded the International Emmy in the Children and Young People category at the 2009 ceremony. On April's fourteenth birthday, her adoptive mother, gives her earrings, not the mobile phone she wanted. April leaves for school. After lying to her friends, claiming she is going to the dentist's, April chooses to play truant. While at work at a stately home, Marion hears that April has not arrived at school. She talks to her friend and Elliot, who unsuccessfully tries to dissuade her from leaving.Dustbin Baby (film) – Dakota Blue Richards as April
106. E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial – E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial is a 1982 American science fiction fantasy film co-produced and directed by Steven Spielberg, written by Melissa Mathison. It stars Pat Welsh. It tells the story of Elliott, a lonely boy who befriends an extraterrestrial, dubbed "E.T.", stranded on Earth. He and his siblings help it return home while attempting to keep it hidden from their mother and the government. The concept was based on an imaginary friend Spielberg created after his parents' divorce in 1960. In 1980, Spielberg met Mathison and developed a new story from the stalled sci-fi horror film project Night Skies. It was shot from September to December 1981 in California on a budget of US$10.5 million. Unlike most motion pictures, it was shot in rough chronological order, to facilitate convincing emotional performances from the young cast. It is the highest-grossing film of the 1980s. In 1994, it was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant". It was re-released in 1985, then again in 2002 to celebrate its 20th anniversary, with altered shots and additional scenes. In a Californian forest, a group of alien botanists land in a spacecraft, collecting flora samples. When government agents appear on the scene, they flee in their spaceship, leaving one of their own behind in their haste. At a suburban home, a ten-year-old fatherless boy named Elliott, is spending time with his brother, Michael, his friends. As he returns from picking up a pizza, he discovers that something is hiding in their tool shed.E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial – Theatrical release poster by John Alvin
107. E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial (album) – E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial is an audiobook and soundtrack album for the 1982 blockbuster film of the same name directed by Steven Spielberg. Narrated by American recording artist Michael Jackson, the album was produced by composer Quincy Jones and distributed by MCA Records. The production of the audiobook brought Jackson together with former collaborators, such as Rod Temperton, Bruce Swedien. As a result, Epic took legal action against MCA which forced the album's withdrawal. During its curtailed release, E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial reached number 82 on the UK Albums Chart. It was well-received critically and won Jackson a Grammy Award for Best Recording for Children. The book contains a photograph of E.T. placing hands on Jackson's shoulders, while one of the extraterrestrial's fingers glows. This picture is included in the album package as a 22 inches × 22 inches full-color poster. The 20-page storybook include stills from the movie and the lyrics to the song "Someone in the Dark", which Jackson sings on the audiobook. In 1975, he moved to commercial success. In the Steven Spielberg -- directed science film E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial was released. Distributed by Universal Pictures, it starred Henry Thomas, Dee Wallace, Robert MacNaughton, Peter Coyote. The film tells the story of Elliott, a boy who befriends a good-natured extraterrestrial called E.T. stranded on Earth. Upon its release, the film became a blockbuster and surpassed Star Wars to become the highest-grossing film released to that point. Jackson began work on the audiobook of E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial in June 1982 -- around the same time he began recording his sixth Thriller.E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial (album) – E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial
108. Eega – Eega is a 2012 Indian bilingual fantasy film written by K. V. Vijayendra Prasad and directed by his son, S. S. Rajamouli. The film stars Sudeep, Samantha Ruth Prabhu. M. M. Keeravani composed the score. Kotagiri Venkateswara Rao edited the film. Janardhan Maharshi and Crazy Mohan wrote the dialogue for the Telugu and Tamil versions, respectively. The narrative of Eega is in the form of a bedtime story told to his daughter. Its protagonist is Nani, in love with his Bindu. Nani is murdered by a wealthy businessman named Sudeep, who considers Nani a rival. Nani tries to protect Bindu while avenging his death. Prasad developed it into a script. The film's production began on 7 December 2010 at Ramanaidu Studios in Hyderabad. Photography began on 22 February 2011 and continued until late February 2012. Makuta VFX and Annapurna Studios oversaw digital intermediate process, respectively. The two versions alongside a Malayalam-dubbed version titled Eecha, were released on 6 July 2012 in approximately 1,100 screens globally. The performances of the principal cast, visual effects received critical acclaim upon release.Eega – Poster of Eega
109. Enthiran – Enthiran is a 2010 Indian Tamil-language science fiction film directed by S. Shankar and co-written by him and Sujatha Rangarajan. The film stars Rajinikanth and Aishwarya Rai in lead roles; Danny Denzongpa, Santhanam and Karunas play supporting roles. The project backfires when the robot is manipulated into becoming homicidal. After being stalled in the phase for nearly a decade, the film's principal photography lasted two years. Enthiran marked the debut of Legacy Effects studio in Indian cinema. Enthiran was released worldwide on 1 October 2010, with its dubbed versions: Robot in Telugu. Produced by Kalanithi Maran, it was India's most expensive film up to that point. The film received generally positive reviews upon release. Critics were particularly appreciative of Rajinikanth's performance, the visual effects by V. Srinivas Mohan. Enthiran is the highest-grossing South Indian film of all time after Baahubali: The Beginning and Kabali. It won two Indian National Film Awards, two Screen Awards. A spiritual successor, titled 2.0, is scheduled for release in 2017. He introduces the robot, named Chitti, at a robotics conference in Chennai. Chitti helps Vaseegaran's medical girlfriend, cheat in her examination, then saves her from being assaulted by a group of thugs. Professor Bohra, has so far been unsuccessful.Enthiran – Theatrical release poster
110. Eraserhead – Eraserhead is a 1977 American surrealist body horror film written, produced and directed by filmmaker David Lynch. Shot in black-and-white, Eraserhead is Lynch's feature-length film, coming after several short works. The film was produced during the director's time studying there. Throughout the film, Spencer experiences hallucinations, featuring his child and the Lady in the Radiator. Eraserhead spent several years because of the difficulty of funding the film; donations from Fisk and his wife Sissy Spacek kept production afloat. The film was shot on several locations owned by the AFI including Greystone Mansion and a set of disused stables in which Lynch lived. Lynch and designer Alan Splet spent a year working on the film's audio after their studio was soundproofed. The film's soundtrack includes the song "In Heaven", penned for the film by Peter Ivers. Initially opening to little interest, Eraserhead gained popularity over several long runs as a midnight movie. Since its release, the film has earned positive reviews. Sexual undercurrents have been seen as key thematic elements, the intricate sound design as its technical highlight. Thematic analysis of the film has elaborated on Spencer's fatalism and inactivity. In 2004, the film was preserved in the National Film Registry as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant". The Man in the Planet pulls levers in his home in space, while the head of Henry Spencer floats in the sky. A spermatozoon-like creature emerges from Spencer's mouth, floating into the void.Eraserhead – Film poster
111. The FP – The FP is a 2011 American comedy film written and directed by Brandon and Jason Trost. The film focuses on two gangs -- the 245 -- that are fighting for control of Frazier Park. The gangs settle their disputes by playing a video game similar to Dance Dance Revolution. Gang JTRO undergoes training to defeat L Dubba E, the leader of a rival gang. The film also features Caitlyn Folley, Art Hsu, Nick Principe, James DeBello. After seeing the finished film, Barrera suggested that Trost make a feature-length version. In the expanded production, Gaeta, Lemche, Haynes were replaced with Folley, Bryan Goddard, respectively. Photography took place in Frazier Park, California in September 2008. His property was the primary filming location. The full-length version of The FP received positive reviews. After its screening at the Fantasia Festival on July 30 Drafthouse Films acquired the film for distribution. It had a limited release beginning on March 16, 2012, was released on home media on June 29, 2012. It failed to recoup its production budget of US$45,000, grossing $40,557 in the United States. The leader of the 245 gang, battles and defeats BTRO, the leader of the 248 gang. BTRO dies as a result.The FP – Theatrical release poster
112. The Fifth Element – The Fifth Element is a 1997 English-language French science fiction action film directed and co-written by Luc Besson. It stars Bruce Willis, Milla Jovovich. Dallas joins forces with her to recover four mystical stones essential for the defence of Earth against an impending attack. Besson started writing the story that became The Fifth Element when he was 16 years old; he was 38 when the film opened in cinemas. Suitable locations could not be found; filming took place instead in London and Mauritania. Jean-Claude Mézières, whose comics provided inspiration for parts of the film, were hired for production design. Costume design was by Jean Paul Gaultier. The Fifth Element received mainly positive reviews, although it tended to polarize critics. It has been called both the worst summer blockbuster of all time. The film was a financial success, earning more than $ million at the box office on a $90 million budget. In 2263, the great evil destroys an attacking Earth spaceship. The Mondoshawans’ spacecraft is destroyed, though the stones are not on board; the only item recovered is a hand of The Fifth Element. Scientists use it to reconstruct a powerful humanoid woman who takes the name Leeloo. Their compatriots determine to seize the artifacts for themselves. Dallas succeeds in retrieving the stones from the Diva.The Fifth Element – International release poster
113. Fight Club – Fight Club is a 1999 American film based on the 1996 novel of the same name by Chuck Palahniuk. The film stars Brad Pitt, Edward Norton and Helena Bonham Carter. Norton plays the unnamed protagonist, referred to as the narrator, discontented with his white-collar job. They are joined by men who also want to fight recreationally. A dissolute woman, Marla Singer, played by Bonham Carter. Palahniuk's novel was optioned by 20th Century Fox producer Laura Ziskin, who hired Jim Uhls to write the adaptation. Fincher was one of four directors the producers was selected because of his enthusiasm for the film. Fincher sought screenwriting advice from the cast and others in the film industry. The cast compared the film to Rebel Without a Cause and The Graduate. Fincher intended Fight Club's violence to serve as a metaphor for the conflict between the value system of advertising. The director copied the homoerotic overtones from Palahniuk's novel to keep them from anticipating the twist ending. Studio executives restructured Fincher's intended marketing campaign to try to reduce anticipated losses. It was cited as one of the most talked-about films of 1999. The film later found commercial success with its DVD release, which established Fight Club as a cult film. The unnamed Narrator is a traveling automobile specialist who suffers from insomnia.Fight Club – Theatrical release poster
114. Film Booking Offices of America – Film Booking Offices of America was an American film studio of the silent era, a producer and distributor of mostly low-budget films. Robertson-Cole bought the Hallmark Exchanges from Frank J. Hall in 1920. Robertson-Cole initiated movie production in the United States in 1920. It bought 460 acres in California to establish a studio. The property, which became known as the "R.C. Ranch", enabled Robertson-Cole to centralize movie production, which previously had been scattered. The movie company had relied on equipment rentals to produce motion pictures. In 1923, the studio contracted with Western actor Fred Thomson, who would soon emerge as one of Hollywood's most popular stars. Thomson was just one of numerous screen cowboys with whom FBO became identified. The studio, whose core market was America's small towns, also put out many romantic melodramas, non-Western action pictures, comedic shorts. In 1926, financier Joseph P. Kennedy led a group that acquired the company. In June 1928, using RCA Photophone technology, FBO became only the second Hollywood studio to release a feature-length "talkie." A few months later, Kennedy and RCA chief David Sarnoff arranged the merger that created RKO, one of the major studios of Hollywood's Golden Age. The company that would become FBO began as the U.S.-based subsidiary of film distributor Robertson-Cole. This organization was similar in structure to the French Pathé Exchange company, a subsidiary of the French Pathé Frères company.Film Booking Offices of America – FBO logo from 1927.
115. Film noir – The film noir genre generally refers to mystery and crime drama films produced from the early 1940s to the late 1950s. Movies of this genre featured stories involving femmes fatales, doomed heroes or anti-heroes, tough, cynical detectives. Cinema critics defined the category retrospectively. Before the notion was widely adopted in the 1970s, many of the classic films noir were referred to as "melodramas". Whether film noir qualifies as a distinct genre is a matter of ongoing debate among scholars. Although film noir was originally associated with American productions, films so described have been made around the world. Many pictures released from the 1960s onward share often treat its conventions self-referentially. Some refer as neo-noir. What sort of category it is, provoke continuing debate. They emphasize that not every noir embodies all five attributes in equal measure -- one might be more dreamlike; another, particularly brutal. While many critics refer to film noir as a genre itself, others argue that it can be no such thing. There is no consensus on the matter. By 1931, Curtiz had already been for half a decade making as many as six films a year. Edeson would subsequently photograph The Maltese Falcon, widely regarded as the major film noir of the classic era. The largely American-raised Josef von Sternberg was directing in Hollywood at the same time.Film noir – Two silhouetted figures in The Big Combo (1955). The film's cinematographer was John Alton, the creator of many of film noir's stylized images.
116. Final Fantasy: The Spirits Within – It remains the most expensive game-inspired film of all time. It features the voices of Ming-Na Wen, Alec Baldwin, Donald Sutherland, James Woods, Steve Buscemi. Aki and Sid must fight against General Hein, who wishes to use more violent means to end the conflict. Square Pictures rendered the film using some of the most advanced processing capabilities available for film animation at the time. A render farm consisting of 960 workstations was tasked with rendering each of the film's 141,964 frames. It took a staff of 200 about four years to complete The Spirits Within. Square intended to make the character of Aki Ross into the world's first photorealistic computer-animated actress, with plans for appearances in multiple films in different roles. The Spirits Within debuted to mixed critical reception, but was widely praised for the realism of the computer-animated characters. The film has been called a box office bomb and is blamed for the demise of Square Pictures. In 2065, Earth is infested by alien life forms known as Phantoms. By physical contact Phantoms consume the Gaia spirit of living beings, killing them instantly, though a minor contact may only result in an infection. It is revealed that Gray was once romantically involved with Aki. However, this revelation leads Hein to incorrectly conclude that she is being controlled by the Phantoms. The Deep Eyes squad succeed in finding the seventh spirit as she slips into unconsciousness. Her dream reveals to her that the Phantoms are the spirits of dead aliens brought to Earth on a fragment of their destroyed planet.Final Fantasy: The Spirits Within – Theatrical release poster
117. Frank's Cock – Frank's Cock is a 1993 Canadian short film written and directed by Mike Hoolboom. The eight-minute production stars Callum Keith Rennie as an unnamed narrator who discusses his relationship with Frank. The two spent nearly ten years together. The narrator fears his death. The script has inspired a short on LGBT issues in Canada's native community. After the two met at a group session, they began an older brother -- younger brother fantasy and moved in together. Frank has a sexual appetite and, at times, invites the narrator for whole-day sex sessions. He is a lover, teaching his partner how to fly a box kite and cooking omelettes for him. He was the best friend I ever had." The Canadian director Mike Hoolboom was diagnosed with HIV after going to donate blood. Hoolboom also became "experimenting with "interruptive rhythms" as a way to reexamine simple acts. While living in Vancouver, Hoolboom joined the local People With AIDS group. There he befriended a man whose partner was dying of AIDS. The friend was, however, unwilling to appear in the film. Rennie – at that time a relative unknown – agreed to deliver the monologue.Frank's Cock – Mike Hoolboom, creator of Frank's Cock
118. From The Doctor to my son Thomas – Capaldi filmed the 42-second video as the 12th incarnation of The Doctor in the BBC science-fiction series Doctor Who. Thomas' father Ross Goodall posted the video on 6 November 2014. He later explained to media that he had no idea it would become popular online. CNN reported that after its appearance on YouTube, the video was viewed online. Less than a week later it had over 900,000 total views. ITV News described response to the video as a global phenomenon. The Daily Telegraph called the recording by Capaldi a touching video to a young child suffering from grief. CNN and MTV characterised the video similarly, as did Dutch media. The Independent wrote that Capaldi displayed a kinder face of his personality by sending the message. BT commented it was Capaldi's best contribution as the character of the Doctor to date. The video had a positive impact on those with mental health problems. Autism Daily Newscast reported favourably on the Doctor's actions. The Hollywood Reporter observed that as his character the Doctor, Capaldi was using his role to support mental health. Hollywood Life said their reporters were moved after watching Capaldi's video. Writer of the episode "Kill the Moon", said that Capaldi's video was his favourite highlight from ten years of Doctor Who.From The Doctor to my son Thomas – Peter Capaldi in excerpt from his video
119. Fuck (film) – Fuck is a 2005 American documentary film by director Steve Anderson about the word "fuck". The film argues that the word is an integral part of societal discussions about freedom of speech and censorship. It examines the term from perspectives which begins for Profit. Scholars and celebrities analyze perceptions of the word from differing perspectives. Comedian Billy Connolly states it can be understood despite one's location. Musician Alanis Morissette comments that the word contains power because of its taboo nature. The film features the last recorded interview of author Hunter S. Thompson before his suicide. Scholars, including Oxford English Dictionary editor Jesse Sheidlower, explain the history and evolution of the word. Language professor Geoffrey Nunberg observes that the word's treatment by society reflects changes in our culture during the 20th century. Anderson was exposed to public conceptions surrounding the word "fuck" by comedian George Carlin's monologue "Seven Words You Can Never Say on Television". He named the film Fuck despite anticipating problems with marketing. Animator Bill Plympton provided sequences illustrating key concepts in the film. The documentary was first shown at ArcLight Hollywood in Hollywood. Fuck's reviews were mixed. Film critic A. O. Scott called a battle of freedom of expression.Fuck (film) – Theatrical release poster
120. Gagak Item – Gagak Item is a 1939 bandit film from the Dutch East Indies directed by Joshua and Othniel Wong for Tan's Film. Starring Rd Mochtar, Eddy T. Effendi, it follows a masked man known only as "Gagak Item". The black-and-white film, which featured the crew from the 1937 hit Terang Boelan, was a commercial success and received positive reviews upon release. It is likely lost. Gagak Item was directed by Othniel Wong; filming the work in black-and-white, they also handled sound editing. It starred Rd Mochtar, Roekiah, Eddy T. Effendi, Kartolo. Through these prior films Mochtar and Roekiah had become an established couple. A journalist-turned-screenwriter for Terang Boelan and Fatima, returned to write the script to Gagak Item. A love story, followed a girl and a masked man known as "Gagak Item" and was set in rural Buitenzorg. When writing the Saeroen continued the formula he had used in Terang Boelan, including action, music, beautiful vistas and physical comedy. Gagak Item featured vocals by kroncong singer Annie Landouw. Gagak Item was screened in Batavia, the capital of the Indies; Medan, North Sumatra; and Surabaya, eastern Java. Some screenings of the film, also advertised under the Dutch title De Zwarte Raaf, had Dutch-language subtitles. A novelisation of the film, published by the Yogyakarta-based Kolff-Buning, soon followed. Gagak Item was a critical success, although not as much as Tan's earlier production.Gagak Item – Newspaper advertisement
121. Gemini (2002 Tamil film) – Gemini is a 2002 Indian Tamil-language action film written and directed by Saran and produced by AVM Productions. Murali stars as Singaperumal, guides Gemini in his attempts to reform. The cast includes Kalabhavan Mani as the principal antagonist while Vinu Chakravarthy, Manorama and Thennavan portray significant roles. In early 2001, Chera reformed themselves with the patronage of a police officer. Saran was scripted a story based on it. Saran reworked the script, cast the new leads. The revived project was announced in August 2001. Production was completed by March 2002. The film was shot mainly in Chennai while two song sequences were filmed in Switzerland. The film had cinematography by editing by Suresh Urs while the soundtrack was scored by Bharathwaj. The film's soundtrack was well received, with the song "O Podu" becoming a sensation in Tamil Nadu. Made at an estimated cost of million, the film earned 210 million at the box office and became the highest-grossing Tamil film of the year. The film won three Filmfare Awards, four Cinema Express Awards. Later Saran remade the film in Telugu as Gemeni. Teja is a high-profile gangster in North Madras, who often imitates the characteristic of different animals for sarcastic effect.Gemini (2002 Tamil film) – DVD cover
122. Gertie the Dinosaur – Gertie the Dinosaur is a 1914 animated short film by American cartoonist and animator Winsor McCay. It is the earliest animated film to feature a dinosaur. McCay's employer William Randolph Hearst later curtailed McCay's vaudeville activities, so McCay added a introductory sequence for its theatrical release. McCay abandoned a sequel, Gertie on Tour, after producing about a minute of footage. Although Gertie is popularly thought to be the earliest animated film, McCay had earlier made Little Nemo and How a Mosquito Operates. Gertie was the first film to use animation techniques such as keyframes, registration marks, animation loops. It influenced the next generation of animators such as the Fleischer brothers, Walt Disney. In 1906, McCay began performing on the vaudeville circuit, doing chalk talks—performances in which he drew before live audiences. Inspired by the flip books his son brought home, McCay "came to see the possibility of making moving pictures" of his cartoons. McCay's first film debuted in 1911; he soon incorporated it into his vaudeville act. He followed it in which a giant, naturalistically animated mosquito sucks the blood of a sleeping man. McCay gave a personality and balanced humor with the horror of the situation. He spoke of the "educational work" that the process could enable. McCay considered a number of names before settling on "Gertie"; his production notebooks used "Jessie the Dinosaurus". He thought it was a good name, but wanted it to be a girl's name instead of a boy's, so he called it "Gertie".Gertie the Dinosaur – Gertie driven to tears by her master
123. Greed (film) – Greed is a 1924 American silent film, written and directed by Erich von Stroheim and based on the 1899 Frank Norris novel McTeague. It stars Gibson Gowland as Dr. John McTeague, ZaSu Pitts as his wife Trina Sieppe and Jean Hersholt as McTeague's friend and eventual enemy Marcus Schouler. The film tells the story of McTeague, a San Francisco dentist, who marries his best friend Schouler's girlfriend Trina. Shortly after their engagement, Trina wins a lottery prize of $5,000, at that time a substantial sum. Schouler jealously informs the authorities that McTeague had been practicing dentistry without a license, McTeague and Trina become impoverished. Eventually McTeague murders Trina for the money and flees to Death Valley. Schouler catches up with him there for a final confrontation. Stroheim shot more than 85 hours of footage and obsessed over accuracy during the filming. Two months were spent shooting in Death Valley for the film's final sequence and many of the cast and crew became ill. Greed was one of the few films of its time to be shot entirely on location. Stroheim used sophisticated filming techniques such as deep-focus cinematography and montage editing. He considered Greed to be a Greek tragedy, in which environment and heredity controlled the characters' fates and reduced them to primitive bête humaines. During the making of Greed, the production company merged into Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, putting Irving Thalberg in charge of the production. Thalberg had fired Stroheim a few years earlier at Universal Pictures. Originally almost eight hours long, Greed was edited against Stroheim's wishes to about two-and-a-half hours.Greed (film) – Theatrical release poster
124. Harta Berdarah – Harta Berdarah is a 1940 action film from the Dutch East Indies. Directed by the recently hired Rd Ariffien and Hu for Union Films, the film was written by Saeroen and attempted to draw educated Native audiences. Reviews for the work were positive, with praise focused on its story. Although Harta Berdarah was screened as late as 1944, as with most contemporary productions it is now likely lost. In the village of Soekasari, Mardjan is forcefully evicting people who are unable to pay their taxes to the landlord Hadji Doerachman. Doerachman, though aware of this, is unwilling to stop him, even after Atikah, tries to convince him. His men evict Asmadi, his wife Tjitjih, Asmadi's sick mother. When Asmadi resists, Mardjan detains him. Meanwhile, a young man named Rachmat is visiting his aunt in Soekasari. Learning of Mardjan's dealings, Rachmat insists that Mardjan stop. When his men try to fight, Rachmat overpowers them and negotiates Asmadi's release. Afterwards, Rachmat goes back to his aunt's home. Asmadi returns to his, only to learn that his mother had died shortly after the eviction; he swears revenge. Rachmat hears screaming and finds Atikah, who has fainted after seeing a snake. After she regains consciousness, Atikah thanks him for rescuing her.Harta Berdarah – Advertisement
125. Hoodwinked! – Hoodwinked! is a 2005 American computer-animated family comedy film. It retells the folktale Little Red Riding Hood as a police investigation, using flashbacks to show multiple characters' points of view. The cast features Anne Hathaway, Glenn Close, Jim Belushi, Patrick Warburton, Anthony Anderson, David Ogden Stiers, Andy Dick. Hoodwinked! was among the earliest computer-animated films to be completely independently funded. Working apart from a major studio allowed the filmmakers greater creative control, but also restrained them economically. Due to the film's small budget, its animation was produced with a less realistic design inspired by motion films. Structurally, the film was inspired by non-linear dramas, such as Pulp Fiction. The film however, intentionally deviated in certain plot elements. This was in part based on Cory Edwards' concerns over exposing children to the high level of cynicism often found in the genre. Critical reception to the film was varied; although its cast were praised by many reviews, its quality was heavily criticized. The film was a commercial success, earning over thirteen times its less- than-$8 million budget. A sequel, Hoodwinked Too! Hood vs. Evil, written by Leech, was released in 2011 to negative reviews and financial failure. Little Red Riding Hood discovers that the Big Bad Wolf has disguised himself as Granny. Red's grandma jumps out of the closet tied up just through startling everyone.Hoodwinked! – Theatrical release poster
126. Hotel Chevalier – Hotel Chevalier is an American-French short film written and directed by Wes Anderson and released in 2007. It was self-financed by Anderson, who initially intended it to be a stand-alone work. The film praised its richness, poignancy, careful construction. In a lobby, the concierge answers a phone call from a guest's room. A man lies on a bed in a yellow bathrobe, watching the black-and-white American war film Stalag 17 and reading the newspaper. After ordering service from the concierge in broken French, he receives a call from a woman whose voice he recognizes. She asks for his room number. Despite objecting that he did not tell her she could come, the man consents nevertheless. The man is again lying on the bed, now in a gray suit. Hearing a knock, he starts the song playing again before opening the door to a woman. After staring for several seconds, the woman breaks the silence by asking what music is playing. Receiving no response, she presents the man with a bouquet of flowers. They embrace instead. He asks how she found him; she replies that it "wasn't actually that hard". She moves around the room browsing through his possessions, brushes her teeth with his toothbrush and declines to take the bath he had run for her.Hotel Chevalier – Promotional film poster
127. How Brown Saw the Baseball Game – During production, photography was used to achieve this effect. The film was released in November 1907. It received positive reviews in a 1908 issue of a film journal, that reported the film was successful and "truly funny." As of 2015 it is unclear whether a print of the film has survived. The identities of the film's cast and crew are not known. Before heading out at a nearby ballpark, sports fan Mr. Brown drinks several highball cocktails. After the game is over, Mr. Brown is escorted home by one of his friends. How the Baseball Game was produced by Lubin Manufacturing Company, a company founded by German-American film pioneer Siegmund Lubin. At the time How the Baseball Game was made, the company was creating and distributing up to three films a week. The identities of How Brown Saw the Baseball Game's cast are not known. It is the finished product comprised 350 feet of film. For the scenes which took place at the ballpark, the filmmakers used a form of photography in order to show the baseball players running backwards. Siegmund Lubin filed a copyright for the film, on October 26, 1907. Lubin himself promoted the film as a "screamingly funny farce". Lubin Manufacturing Company was known for creating films similar to competing motion pictures made by other studios.How Brown Saw the Baseball Game – Siegmund Lubin in 1913. His company produced and distributed How Brown Saw the Baseball Game.
128. How a Mosquito Operates – How a Mosquito Operates is a silent animated film by American cartoonist Winsor McCay. The six-minute short depicts a giant mosquito tormenting a sleeping man. Its technical quality is considered far ahead of its contemporaries. It is also known under his Jersey Skeeters. McCay gave a more coherent story and more developed characterization than in the Nemo film, with naturalistic timing, motion, weight in the animation. How a Mosquito Operates had an enthusiastic reception when McCay first showed it as part of his vaudeville act. He further developed the animation he introduced in Mosquito with his best-known animated work, Gertie the Dinosaur. A man looks around apprehensively before entering his room. A giant mosquito with a top briefcase flies in after him through a transom. It repeatedly feeds on the sleeping man, who tries in vain to shoo it away. The mosquito eventually drinks itself so full that it explodes. How a Mosquito Operates is one of the earliest examples of line-drawn animation. McCay capitalized on strengths of the film medium, then in its infancy, by focusing on the physical, visual action of the characters. No intertitles interrupt the silent visuals. Rather than merely expanding like a balloon, as the mosquito drinks its abdomen fills consistent with its bodily structure in a naturalistic way.How a Mosquito Operates – How a Mosquito Operates
129. The Human Centipede (First Sequence) – The Human Centipede is a 2009 Dutch horror film written, directed, co-produced by Tom Six. It stars Dieter Laser as the creator of the centipede, Dr. Josef Heiter, with Ashley C. Williams, Ashlynn Yennie, Akihiro Kitamura as his victims. When approaching investors prior to filming, Six did not mention the mouth-to-anus aspect of the plot, fearing it would put off potential backers. The financiers of The Human Centipede did not discover the full nature of the film until it was complete. It won several accolades at international film festivals. The film was released on a limited theatrical release on 30 April 2010. A sequel, entitled Full Sequence, directed by Six, was released in 2011. The women awake in a medical ward. They witness Heiter kill a kidnapped driver after Heiter informs him he is "not a match". Heiter secures Katsuro. The doctor dreams of making new creatures by sewing people together. He describes in detail that they share a single digestive system. After Lindsay fails, Heiter explains that he had previously experimented with creating what he called a "three-dog", also joined mouth-to-anus. However, the three-dog died shortly after surgery.The Human Centipede (First Sequence) – Theatrical release poster
130. Into Temptation (film) – Into Temptation is a 2009 independent drama film written and directed by Patrick Coyle, starring Jeremy Sisto, Kristin Chenoweth, Brian Baumgartner, Bruce A. Young and Amy Matthews. It tells the story of a prostitute who confesses to a Catholic priest that she plans to kill herself on her birthday. In doing so plunges himself into a darker side of society. The film was partially inspired by a kind but belligerent man who had considered becoming a priest in his early life. The script won the McKnight Screenwriting Fellowship for Media Arts. Into Temptation was set in Coyle's hometown of Minneapolis, Minnesota. Supporting roles were filled with actors from the Minneapolis -- Saint Paul theater area, Coyle himself performed in a supporting role. It was distributed by First Look International. With a budget of less than $ million, filming began in May 2008. Lee Percy worked as editor. Talks fell through due to complications from the global recession. The film played at theaters in several cities. The film received generally positive reviews. It was released on DVD on October 2009.Into Temptation (film) – DVD release cover
131. Jabba the Hutt – Jabba Desilijic Tiure, commonly known as Jabba the Hutt, is a fictional character appearing in George Lucas's space opera film saga Star Wars. He is depicted as a large, slug-like alien. His appearance has been described by critic Roger Ebert as a cross between the Cheshire Cat. Jabba employs a retinue of bounty hunters, smugglers, bodyguards to operate his criminal empire. He keeps a host of entertainers at his disposal at his palace: alien creatures. Jabba has a grim sense of humor, an insatiable appetite, affinities for gambling, slave girls, torture. The character was incorporated into the Star Wars merchandising campaign that corresponded with the theatrical release of Return of the Jedi. Besides the films, Jabba the Hutt is featured in Star Wars Legends expanded literature. Jabba the Hutt's image has since played an influential role in popular culture, particularly in the United States. The name is used as a political caricature to underscore negative qualities such as morbid corruption. Jabba the Hutt appears in four of the eight live-action Star Wars films and The Clone Wars. Jabba is first seen with the third installment of Return of the Jedi. The captured Han is placed on display in the crime lord's room. Lando Calrissian, droids C-3PO and R2-D2, Leia, Chewbacca infiltrate Jabba's palace to save Han. Leia she is forced to wear her golden bikini, as well as being chained to Jabba.Jabba the Hutt – Jabba as he appears in Marvel Comic's adaptation of the first Star Wars film
132. Jaws (film) – Jaws is a 1975 American thriller film directed by Steven Spielberg and based on Peter Benchley's 1974 novel of the same name. The screenplay is credited to actor-writer Carl Gottlieb, who rewrote the script during principal photography. Shot mostly on location on Martha's Vineyard in Massachusetts, the film had a troubled production, going over past schedule. Others have compared this suggestive approach to that of classic thriller director Alfred Hitchcock. Jaws became the highest-grossing film of all time until the release of Star Wars. It won several awards for its editing. It was followed by three sequels, many imitative thrillers. In 2001, Jaws was selected by the Library of Congress for preservation in the United States National Film Registry, being deemed "historically, or aesthetically significant". During a late-night party on Amity Island, a young woman goes swimming in the ocean. While treading water, she is violently pulled under. Her partial remains are found on shore. The medical examiner ruling the death a shark attack leads Police Chief Martin Brody to close the beaches. Mayor Larry Vaughn overrules him, fearing it will ruin the town's economy. The coroner now concurs with the mayor's theory that the girl was killed in a boating accident. Brody reluctantly accepts their conclusion until another fatal attack occurs shortly after.Jaws (film) – Theatrical release poster
133. Kahaani – Kahaani is a 2012 Indian Hindi-language mystery thriller film co-written, co-produced and directed by Sujoy Ghosh. Made on a budget of 80 million, Kahaani was conceived and developed by Ghosh, who co-wrote the film with Advaita Kala. The crew often employed guerrilla-filmmaking techniques on Kolkata's city streets to avoid attracting attention. The film was noted for making use of many local crew and cast members. Kahaani motherhood in male-dominated Indian society. The film also makes several allusions to Satyajit Ray's films such as Aranyer Dinratri. Kahaani was released worldwide on 9 March 2012. Critics praised the screenplay, the performances of the lead actors. Following word-of-mouth publicity, the film earned 1.04 billion worldwide in 50 days. The film won several awards, including five Filmfare Awards. The latter included trophies for Best Best Actress. A sequel, titled Kahaani 2: Durga Rani Singh, was released on 2 December 2016. A poison-gas attack on a Kolkata Metro Rail compartment kills the passengers on board. Satyoki "Rana" Sinha, offers to help. Before Agnes can provide any further help she is killed by an assassin working undercover as a life insurance agent.Kahaani – Theatrical release poster
134. Kalidas (film) – Kalidas, also known as Kalidasa, is a 1931 Indian, Tamil-language, biographical film directed by H. M. Reddy and produced by Ardeshir Irani. The first sound film to be made in South India. Kalidas, principally in Tamil, contained additional dialogue in Telugu and Hindi. Prasad spoke only Hindi. The sound was recorded using German-made technology. Kalidas was shot on the sets of India's first sound film Alam Ara. Kalidas was released on 31 October 1931, coinciding with Diwali day. It was the only Tamil film to be released that year. Despite numerous technical flaws, it became a major commercial success. The success of Kalidas spawned other films including Mahakavi Kalidasa, Mahakavi Kalidasu and Mahakavi Kalidas. In addition to its commercial success, Kalidas made her a bankable singing star. Because no print, songbook of the film is known to survive, it is a lost film. Vidhyadhari is the daughter of the king of Thejavathi. She refuses. Annoyed, the minister sets out to find another potential husband for Vidhyadhari.Kalidas (film) – Kalidas
135. Kedok Ketawa – Kedok Ketawa is a 1940 action film from the Dutch East Indies. Union Films' first production, it was directed by Jo An Djan. Starring Basoeki Resobowo, Oedjang, the film follows a young couple who fight off criminals with the help of a masked man. Advertised as an "sweet romance", Kedok Ketawa received positive reviews, particularly for its cinematography. Following the success of the film, Union produced another six works before being shut down during the Japanese occupation. The film, screened until at least August 1944, may be lost. In Cibodas, Banten, a young woman named Minarsih is rescued by the painter Basuki. They begin planning their life together. However, a rich man interested in taking Minarsih to be his wife sends a gang to kidnap her. After two battles with the gang, The Laughing Mask are victorious. Basuki and Minarsih can live together in peace. Union was funded by the ethnic Chinese businessman Ang Hock Liem, although Tjoa Ma Tjoen was in charge of day-to-day operations. The film featured fighting, comedy, singing. The film was directed by Jo An Djan and starred Oedjang, Basoeki Resobowo. Other members of the cast included Eddy Kock.Kedok Ketawa – A newspaper advertisement for Kedok Ketawa from Surabaya
136. Kinetoscope – The Kinetoscope is an early motion picture exhibition device. The Kinetoscope was designed for films to be viewed through a peephole window at the top of the device. A prototype for the Kinetoscope was shown on May 1891. The public demonstration of the Kinetoscope was held at the Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences on May 1893. In 1895, Edison introduced the Kinetophone, which joined the Kinetoscope with a cylinder phonograph. Film projection, which Edison initially disdained financially nonviable, soon superseded the Kinetoscope's individual model. Many of the projection systems developed by Edison's firm in later years would use the Kinetoscope name. An encounter with the work and ideas of photographic pioneer Eadweard Muybridge appears to have spurred Edison to pursue the development of a system. The lecture was possibly attended by his company's official photographer, William Dickson. No such collaboration was undertaken, but in October 1888, Edison filed a preliminary claim, known as a caveat, with the U.S. Patent Office announcing his plans to create a device that would do "for the Eye what the phonograph does for the Ear". Edison assigned one of his most talented employees, to the job of making a reality. The Edison laboratory, though, worked as a collaborative organization. Laboratory assistants were assigned to work on many projects while Edison supervised and involved himself and participated to varying degrees. Dickson and his then lead assistant, Charles Brown, made halting progress at first.Kinetoscope – Interior view of Kinetoscope with peephole viewer at top of cabinet
137. Lage Raho Munna Bhai – Lage Raho Munna Bhai is a 2006 Indian comedy-drama film directed by Rajkumar Hirani and produced by Vidhu Vinod Chopra. It is the follow-up to the 2003 film Munna Bhai M.B.B.S. With Sanjay Dutt reprising his role as Munna Bhai, a Mumbai underworld don. In Lage Raho Munna Bhai, the eponymous character starts to see the spirit of Mahatma Gandhi. Through his interactions with Gandhi, he begins to practice what he refers to as Gandhigiri to help ordinary people solve their problems. The film had a number of prominent screenings. It was the recipient including four National Film Awards. The film popularised Gandhigiri. Vidhu Vinod Chopra submitted the film for Best Foreign Film. To prepare for the contest, Munna's Circuit kidnaps and bribes a group of professors to provide the answers for Munna. After winning the contest, Munna is granted an interview with Janhavi wherein he presents himself as a professor of a Gandhi specialist. Janhavi subsequently asks Munna to present a lecture on Gandhi to a community of senior citizens who live in her home, called the'Second Innings House.' To prepare for this event, Munna engages at a Gandhi institute. For nights, Munna reads about the life and ideologies of Gandhi. It is during this period that the image of Gandhi, addressed by his nickname "Bapu", offers help and advice to Munna.Lage Raho Munna Bhai – Theatrical release poster
138. Latter Days – Latter Days is a 2003 American romantic comedy-drama film about a gay relationship between a closeted Mormon missionary and his openly gay neighbor. The film was written and directed by C. Jay Cox and stars Steve Sandvoss as the missionary, Aaron, Wes Ramsey as the neighbor, Christian. Joseph Gordon-Levitt appears as Rebekah Johnson as Julie Taylor. Mary Kay Place, Erik Palladino, Jacqueline Bisset have supporting roles. Later the film was shown at several gay film festivals. Religious groups demanded that the film be withdrawn from theaters and video stores under boycott threats. The film was popular with most film festival attendees. At the North American office however, Latter Days only made $834,685, barely covering the production's costs with an estimated budget of $850,000. In 2004, writer T. Fabris made Latter Days into a novel, published by Alyson Publications. A young Mormon from Pocatello, Idaho, is sent to Los Angeles with three other missionaries to spread the Mormon faith. They move into an apartment next to an aspiring singer. Christian and Julie work at Lila's a trendy restaurant owned by retired actress Lila Montagne. Aaron and Christian become acquainted after several encounters in the complex. When Christian faints, Aaron helps him indoors and cleans his wound.Latter Days – Theatrical release poster
139. Life's Shop Window – Life's Shop Window is a 1914 American silent drama film directed by J. Gordon Edwards and starring Claire Whitney and Stuart Holmes. It is a adaptation of the eponymous 1907 novel by Annie Sophie Cory. The film depicts her husband Bernard Chetwin. She is accused of having a child out of wedlock. Forced to leave England, she reunites with her husband in Arizona. There, she is tempted before seeing the error of her ways and returning to her family. Life's Shop Window was the first film produced, rather than simply distributed, by William Fox's Box Office Attractions Company, the corporate predecessor to Fox Film. Several reviewers approved of the film's expurgated treatment of the novel's plot, although opinions of the quality of the film itself were mixed. That success was used to advertise the film elsewhere. Like many of Fox's early works, it was likely lost in the 1937 Fox fire. Bernard Chetwin is a boarder at John Anderson's farm in England. He is attracted to their orphaned servant, Lydia Wilton. They fall in love. Wilton also meets Eustace Pelham, who introduces her to his philosophy of "life's window": that many people make life decisions on purely superficial grounds. Chetwin marries Wilton in a secret ceremony.Life's Shop Window – Lydia Wilton's baby is presented to the Anderson farm
140. Little Miss Sunshine – Little Miss Sunshine is a 2006 American comedy-drama road film and the directorial debut of the husband-wife team of Jonathan Dayton and Valerie Faris. The screenplay was written by first-time writer Michael Arndt. Filming took place over 30 days in Arizona and Southern California. The film later expanded to a wider release starting on August 18. Little Miss Sunshine had an international office gross of $100.5 million. It also received numerous other accolades. Sheryl Hoover is an overworked mother of two living in Albuquerque, New Mexico. Frank, gay and a scholar of Proust, is temporarily living at home with the family after having attempted suicide. Sheryl's husband Richard is a Type A personality striving to build a career as a motivational speaker and coach. Edwin, recently evicted from a retirement home for snorting heroin, lives with the family. The daughter of Richard and Sheryl and the youngest of the Hoover family, is an aspiring beauty queen, coached by Edwin. Olive learns she has qualified for the "Little Miss Sunshine" pageant, being held in Redondo Beach, California in two days. Frank and Dwayne can not be left alone, so the whole family goes. Because they have little money, they go on an 800-mile trip in their yellow Volkswagen Type 2. Family tensions play out on the highway and at stops along the way, amidst the aging VW van's mechanical problems.Little Miss Sunshine – Theatrical release poster
141. Little Nemo (1911 film) – Little Nemo, also known as Winsor McCay: The Famous Cartoonist of the N.Y. Herald and His Moving Comics, is a 1911 silent animated short film by American cartoonist Winsor McCay. One of the earliest animated films, it was featured characters from McCay's comic strip Little Nemo in Slumberland. Its expressive animation distinguished the film from the experiments of earlier animators. Inspired by flip books his son brought home, McCay came to see the potential of the animated medium. He claimed to be the first to make such films, though James Stuart Blackton and Émile Cohl were among those who preceded him. The short's thousand drawings on rice paper were shot at Vitagraph Studios under Blackton's supervision. Most of the film's running time is made up of a live-action sequence in which McCay bets his colleagues that he can make that move. He wins the bet with four minutes of animation in which the Little Nemo characters perform, metamorphose to McCay's whim. Four days later McCay began using it as part of his vaudeville act. Its good reception motivated him to hand-color each of the animated frames of the originally black-and-white film. The film's success led McCay to devote more time to animation. He followed up Little Nemo with How a Mosquito Operates in his best-known film, Gertie the Dinosaur, in 1914. In 1906, McCay began doing chalk talks -- performances in which he drew before live audiences. Inspired by flip books his son Robert brought home, McCay "came to see the possibility of making moving pictures" of his cartoons.Little Nemo (1911 film) – Little Nemo and the Princess ride away in the mouth of a dragon.
142. The Lord of the Rings (1978 film) – The Lord of the Rings is a 1978 American high fantasy animated film directed by Ralph Bakshi. Set in Middle-earth, the film follows a group of hobbits, elves, men, wizards who form a fellowship. They ensure his destruction. The film is notable for its extensive use of a technique in which scenes are first shot in live-action, then traced onto animation cels. It rotoscoped live action footage. The screenplay was written based on an earlier draft by Chris Conkling. Early in the Second Age of Middle-earth, elven smiths forge nine Rings of Power for mortal men, three for the Elf-Kings. Soon after, the Dark Lord Sauron uses it to attempt to conquer Middle-earth. Over time, Sauron creates the Ringwraiths. The One Ring is discovered by Déagol, whose friend, Sméagol, takes the Ring for himself. He becomes the creature Gollum. Hundreds of years later, Bilbo Baggins takes it back to the Shire. Years later, during Bilbo's celebration, the wizard Gandalf tells him to leave the Ring for his relative Frodo. Bilbo reluctantly leaves the Shire. Seventeen years pass, during which Gandalf learns that evil forces have discovered that the Ring is in the possession of a Baggins.The Lord of the Rings (1978 film) – Theatrical release poster by Tom Jung
143. Lord of the Universe – Lord of the Universe is a 1974 American documentary film about Prem Rawat at an event in November 1973 at the Houston Astrodome called "Millennium'73". Lord of the Universe was first released in VHS format on November 1, 1991. The documentary chronicles Maharaj Ji, anti-Vietnam War activist Rennie Davis, a spokesperson of the Divine Light Mission at the time. A counterpoint is presented by Abbie Hoffman, who appears as a commentator. It includes interviews including followers, ex-followers, a mahatma, a born-again Christian, a follower of Hare Krishna. The team of Top Value Television produced the documentary, using Portapak video cameras. It was the first documentary made in video tape broadcast nationally, also the first independent video documentary shown on national public television. The documentary garnered its TVTV production team the 1974 Alfred I. du Pont/Columbia University Award in Broadcast Journalism. The San Francisco Bay Guardian wanted them to move on to more challenging subjects. A follower of Guru Maharaj Ji, was one of the spokespersons and speakers at the "Millennium' 73" event. His speech is featured in the documentary. In a later part of the film, a voice announces: "Those premies who came in private cars can leave now. Those who came in rented buses can meditate until further notice." Adherents of other belief systems also appear including a born-again Christian who criticizes devotees for "following the devil", a Hare Krishna follower. Once Michael has received the "Knowledge", he defends the secrecy behind the rituals.Lord of the Universe – 1991 VHS edition
144. Manhunter (film) – Manhunter is a 1986 American crime horror film based on the novel Red Dragon by Thomas Harris. Directed by Michael Mann, it stars William Petersen as FBI profiler Will Graham. Also featured are Tom Noonan as serial killer Francis Dollarhyde, Dennis Farina as Graham's FBI superior Jack Crawford, Brian Cox as incarcerated killer Hannibal Lecktor. The film focuses on Graham coming out of retirement to lend his talents to an investigation on Dollarhyde, a killer known as "The Tooth Fairy." In doing so, he must meet with Lecktor, who nearly counted Graham amongst his victims. Opening to mixed reviews, Manhunter fared poorly at the time of its release making only $8.6 million in the United States. Graham is approached by his former FBI superior Jack Crawford, seeking help with a new serial killer case. Having found the killer's fingerprints, Graham meets with Crawford. Graham asks for his insight into the killer's motivations. After a tense conversation, Lecktor agrees to look at the file. A little later, Lecktor manages to obtain Graham's home address by deceit during his phone privileges. Graham travels to the first scene in Birmingham, Alabama, where he is contacted by Crawford, who tells him of Lounds' tabloid story on the case. Crawford also patches Graham through to Lecktor's warden, who has found a note in Lecktor's personal effects. Reading it, they realize it is from the Tooth Fairy, expressing admiration for Lecktor—and an interest in Graham. Crawford brings Graham to the FBI Academy at Quantico, where a missing section of the note is analyzed to determine what Lecktor has removed.Manhunter (film) – Theatrical release poster
145. Mayabazar – Mayabazar is a 1957 Indian bilingual epic fantasy film directed by Kadiri Venkata Reddy. It was produced by B. Nagi Reddy and Aluri Chakrapani under their banner, Vijaya Vauhini Studios. The film was shot in both Telugu and Tamil with the same title, but with a few differences in the cast. The story is an adaptation of Sasirekha Parinayam, which in turn is based on the Mahabharata. It revolves around the roles of Krishna and Ghatotkacha, as they try to reunite Abhimanyu, with Balarama's daughter. The first mythological film produced by their studio, Mayabazar marked a milestone for Nagi Reddy and Chakrapani. In addition to the technical crew, 400 studio workers -- including painters -- participated in the development of the film. Director Reddy was meticulous with the pre-production and casting phases, which took nearly a year to complete. The soundtrack features twelve songs, with most of the musical score composed by Ghantasala. Telugu lyrics were written by Pingali Nagendrarao and Tamil lyrics were written by Thanjai N. Ramaiah Dass. Four of the songs were composed by S. Rajeswara Rao prior to his unexplained departure from the project. One of them was accompanied by the first illusion of moonlight in Indian cinema, shot by cinematographer Marcus Bartley. Mayabazar had a final film-reel length of 5,888 metres. The film's Telugu version was released on 27 March 1957; the Tamil version was released two weeks later, on 12 April.Mayabazar – Theatrical release poster of the Telugu version
146. Meerkat Manor: The Story Begins – The film primarily uses wild meerkat "actors" to represent those in the story. Shot over two years at the Kuruman River Reserve in Northern Cape, the film employed a much larger crew than the series. Some scenes were shot at a park in the United Kingdom, while others were created using camera tricks and trained film animals. The 75-minute film premiered at the 2008 Tribeca Film Festival on Animal Planet on May 25, 2008. The Kalahari Meerkat Project noted that the film was not completely accurate but recommended against analyzing it. The script was criticized as being too simplistic for adult viewers. The meerkat Flower is born to Holly, the leader of a meerkat group called the Whiskers. After an attack by the Lazuli, the Whiskers are forced to surrender their territory and move to a new home. Her father abandons the group to find a new mate. Flower's Viale becomes the group's matriarch and chooses Youssarian, a roving male from the Lazuli, as her mate. Viale kills the resulting pups and banishes Flower from the group, allowing her to return later. During a time of drought, Viale attempts to lead the group across a road to forage. As she crosses, she is killed by a passing truck. As the Whiskers attempt to adjust to the loss of their leader, a snake approaches the group. Flower steps in to lead an attack to drive it off.Meerkat Manor: The Story Begins – Region 1 DVD cover
147. Mereka Bilang, Saya Monyet! – Mereka Bilang, Saya Monyet! is a 2008 Indonesian film directed by Djenar Maesa Ayu. Filmed after several years of development, the film adapted two of Ayu's short stories from her anthology of the same name. Owing to its low budget of Rp million, its crew were mostly amateurs and students, although several established actors appeared at reduced rates. Although commercially unsuccessful, the film was well received by critics. It was screened at international film festivals. The Jakarta Post, selected it as among the best films of 2008. Adjeng lives alone in an apartment paid by a rich businessman. Meanwhile, Adjeng's mother handles various aspects of her life, constantly calling her and making surprise visits. This has led Adjeng's friends, Venny and Andien, to tease her about her overbearing mother. When Adjeng goes clubbing with her friends, she drinks too much and vomits, later passing out in a toilet. As she lies with her head on the seat she recalls that, as a child, she had been forced to eat vegetables she had previously vomited. This background, as well as her recollections of life as a teenager at the home of her womanising father are worked into Adjeng's short story "Lintah". When Asmoro reads the story, he says that it is unrealistic and that readers need a climax. However, Adjeng insists that reality is unrealistic and that not all victims of rape are willing to call the police. Several days later, while they are lying in bed, Asmoro shows Adjeng that "Lintah" had been published in Kompas.Mereka Bilang, Saya Monyet! – Poster
148. Mind Meld – Shatner and Nimoy portrayed the characters James T. Kirk and Spock respectively in the 1960s Star Trek television series, the 1970s animated television series, their film sequels. It was in this film that Nimoy first publicly revealed that he had struggled with alcoholism while he was acting in the original series. Shatner talks about the death of Nerine Kidd, who accidentally drowned in a pool in 1999 after suffering from alcoholism. Mind Meld was produced to advertise Shatner's personal website. Billy West narrated the title sequence. The film's title refers to a fictional practice in Star Trek -- a meld is a telepathic link that Vulcans are able to create with other organisms. Shatner denied being the source of this sound in multiple interviews; Mind Meld's director, Peter Jaysen, attributed it to equipment on set. The film received mixed reviews from critics. William Shatner and Leonard Nimoy respectively portrayed James T. In Mind Meld, they discuss its enduring success. The film is, for the title sequence, composed entirely of Shatner and Nimoy in conversation. Many of the topics they discuss were inspired from fans. The film starts in Nimoy's backyard, where the two then moves into Nimoy's library, filled with souvenirs. The film focuses on the effects Star Trek had with each actor interviewing the other about his fame.Mind Meld – Original DVD cover (2001)
149. Mom and Dad – Mom and Dad is a feature-length 1945 film directed by William Beaudine, largely produced by the exploitation film maker and presenter Kroger Babb. Mom and Dad is considered the most successful film within its genre of "hygiene" films. The film is regarded as an film as it was repackaged controversial content designed to establish an educational value that might circumvent U.S. censorship laws. Babb's marketing of his film incorporated old-style medicine used unique promotions to build an audience. These formed a template for his later works, which were imitated by his contemporary filmmakers. The Academy Film Archive preserved Mom and Dad in 2010. Mom and Dad tells the story of a young girl who falls for the pilot Jack Griffin. After being sweet talked by Griffin, she has sex with him. The girl requests "hygiene books" from Sarah Blake; however, the mother refuses because the girl is not yet married. The girl later learns from her father Dan Blake that the pilot has died in a crash. She lowers her head as the film fades into intermission. The film resumes at the point when the girl discovers that her clothes longer fit, sending her into a state of despair. She takes advice from Carl Blackburn, who had previously been fired for teaching sex education. Blackburn accuses her of "neglect the sacred duty of telling their children the real truth." Only then is the girl able to confront her mother.Mom and Dad – Film poster, circa 1947, listing sex-segregated showings
150. Mother India – Mother India is a 1957 Indian Hindi-language epic drama film, directed by Mehboob Khan and starring Nargis, Sunil Dutt, Rajendra Kumar, Raaj Kumar. Despite her hardship, she sets a moral example of an ideal Indian woman. The title of the film was chosen to counter American author Mother India, which vilified Indian culture. Mother India metaphorically alludes to a strong sense of nationalism and nation-building. While some authors treat Radha as the symbol of women empowerment, others see her cast in female stereotypes. The Oedipal elements between her son Birju have also been discussed by authors. The film was shot in the villages of Maharashtra, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh states. The music by Naushad introduced Hollywood-style orchestra to Hindi cinema. The film earned the highest revenue for any Hindi film at that time. Adjusted for inflation, Mother India still ranks among the Indian box office hits. Mother India is regarded as one of the best films in Indian and world cinema. The film is set at the time of shooting. When construction of an canal to the village is completed, Radha, considered to be the "mother" of the village, is asked to inaugurate the canal. She remembers her past, when she was newly married. The wedding between Radha and Shamu is paid by Radha's mother-in-law, who borrows the money from the moneylender Sukhilala.Mother India – Film poster
151. Mughal-e-Azam – Mughal-e-Azam is a 1960 Indian epic historical drama film directed by K. Asif and produced by Shapoorji Pallonji. Starring Prithviraj Kapoor, Dilip Kumar, Durga Khote, it follows the love affair between Mughal Prince Salim and Anarkali, a court dancer. Emperor Akbar, disapproves of the relationship, which leads to a war between father and son. The development of Mughal-e-Azam began in 1944, when Asif read a play set in the reign of Emperor Akbar. Production was plagued by financial uncertainty. Before its principal photography began in the early 1950s, the project had undergone a complete change of cast. Patrons often queued all day for tickets. The accolades awarded to the film include one National Film Award and three Filmfare Awards at the Filmfare Awards. Mughal-e-Azam was the first in any language to be given a theatrical re-release. The colour version, released in November 2004, was a commercial success. The film is widely considered to be a milestone of earning praise from critics for its grandeur and attention to detail. Film scholars question its historical accuracy. Emperor Akbar, who does not have a male heir, undertakes a pilgrimage to a shrine to pray that his wife Jodhabai give birth to a son. Later, a maid brings the news of his son's birth. Overjoyed at his prayers being answered, Akbar promises to grant her anything she desires.Mughal-e-Azam – Theatrical poster
152. Mulholland Drive (film) – After viewing Lynch's version, however, television executives rejected it. Lynch then provided an ending to the project, making a film. The half-pilot, half-feature result, along with Lynch's characteristic style, has left the general meaning of the film's events open to interpretation. Lynch has declined to offer an explanation of his intentions for the narrative, leaving cast members to speculate on what transpires. He gave the tagline "A story in the city of dreams". Mulholland Drive was the last film to star veteran Hollywood actress Ann Miller. It is now widely regarded as one of Lynch's finest works, as one of the greatest films of the 21st century. A dark-haired woman is the sole survivor of a accident on a winding road high in the Hollywood Hills. In shock, she sneaks into an apartment. Later that morning, an aspiring actress named Betty Elms arrives at the apartment, normally occupied by her aunt. Betty is startled to find the woman, who assumes the name "Rita" after seeing a poster for the Gilda starring Rita Hayworth. To help the woman remember her identity, Betty looks in Rita's purse, where she finds a large amount of an blue key. At a diner called Winkie's, a man tells his companion about a nightmare in which he dreamt there was a horrible figure behind the diner. When they investigate, the figure appears, causing the man with the nightmare to collapse in fright. He agrees to meet a mysterious figure called The Cowboy, who urges him to cast Camilla Rhodes for his own good.Mulholland Drive (film) – Betty (Watts) arrives in Los Angeles; pictured with Irene (Jeanne Bates). Betty is bright and optimistic, in contrast with Watts' portrayal of Diane in the later part of the film.
153. The Mummy (1999 film) – It is a loose remake of The Mummy, which starred Boris Karloff in the titular role. The visual effects were provided by Industrial Light & Magic, who blended film and computer-generated imagery to create the Mummy. Jerry Goldsmith provided the orchestral score. The success led to a 2001 sequel, The Mummy Returns, as well as The Mummy: The Animated Series, the prequel/spin-off film The Scorpion King. Seven years later, The Mummy: Tomb of the Dragon Emperor, opened on August 1, 2008. Universal Pictures also opened Revenge of the Mummy, in 2004. Novelizations of its sequels were written by Max Allan Collins. In Thebes, Egypt, 1290 BC, high priest Imhotep has a affair with Anck-su-Namun, the mistress of Pharaoh Seti I. When the Pharaoh discovers the affair, Imhotep and Anck-su-Namun assassinate him. Imhotep flees, while Anck-su-Namun kills herself, intending for Imhotep to resurrect her. In 1926, Jonathan Carnahan presents a Cairo librarian and aspiring Egyptologist, with an intricate box and map, which leads to Hamunaptra. Jonathan reveals he stole the box from Rick O'Connell, who encountered the city while in the French Foreign Legion. Rick makes a deal with Evelyn to lead them there if they release him from prison. Rick leads her party to the city, where the group encounters a band of American treasure hunters guided by Rick's cowardly colleague Beni Gabor. The expeditions are attacked by the Medjai, led by the warrior Ardeth Bay.The Mummy (1999 film) – Theatrical release poster
154. Nefarious: Merchant of Souls – Nefarious: Merchant of Souls is a 2011 American documentary film about modern human trafficking, specifically sexual slavery. Presented from a Christian worldview, Nefarious covers human trafficking in the United States, Southeast Asia, alternating interviews with re-enactments. Victims of trafficking talk about having been the objects of attempted murder. Former prostitutes talk about their conversion to Christianity, escape from sexual oppression, subsequent education or marriage. The film ends with the assertion that only Jesus can completely heal people from the horrors of sexual slavery. Nefarious was written, produced and narrated by Benjamin Nolot, founder and president of Exodus Cry, the film's distributor. The film was officially released on July 2011, with individual grassroots screenings also taking place. The film was released on video on May 1, 2012. Dan Preston of Godculture Magazine praised Nolot's directing. Nefarious: Merchant of Souls documents modern human trafficking, specifically sexual slavery. Nefarious explores how trafficking differs from country to country, suggests that all the victims are both psychologically and emotionally enslaved. The film contrasts the brutality of the sex industry in Eastern Europe with the openness of public prostitution in the Netherlands. The film asserts that 10% of the population of Moldova has been sexually trafficked. The film presents human trafficking assertions from a variety of sources, prominently departments of the United States government and the United Nations. The film expresses the need to "take away the stigma that choose to be there."Nefarious: Merchant of Souls – Film poster
155. Not My Life – Not My Life is a 2011 American independent documentary film about human trafficking and contemporary slavery. The film also depicts trafficking victims, some of whom are only five or six years old. The film was dedicated to Richard Young, co-director, after he died in December 2010. It had the following month at the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts in New York City. The narration was completely rerecorded in 2011, replacing Ashley Judd's voice with that of Glenn Close. In 2014, a re-edited version of the film was released. The film also focuses on the organizations engaged in working against human trafficking. The film asserts that most victims of human trafficking are children. Actress Lucy Liu said that people who watch Not My Life "will be shocked to find is happening in America." Lucy Popescu of CineVue criticized the film for focusing on the victims, arguing that the perpetrators of trafficking should have been dealt with more prominently. Not My Life was named Best World Documentary at the Harlem International Film Festival in September 2012. Not My Life is a documentary film about contemporary slavery. The focus of the film is on especially women and children, the latter of whom are often betrayed by adults that they trust. Not My Life has been called "a cautionary tale". It identifies the practices of traffickers as undermining international economics, security, sustainability and health.Not My Life – Not My Life
156. Not One Less – Not One Less is a 1999 drama film by Chinese director Zhang Yimou, adapted from Shi Xiangsheng's 1997 story "A Sun in the Sky". Set during the 1990s, the film centers on a 13-year-old substitute teacher, Wei Minzhi, in the Chinese countryside. Called in to substitute for a teacher for one month, Wei is told not to lose any students. When one of the boys takes off in search of work in the big city, she goes looking for him. The film addresses education reform in China, the prevalence of bureaucracy and authority figures in everyday life. The domestic release of Not One Less was accompanied by a Chinese campaign aimed at promoting the film and cracking down on piracy. In the 1990s, primary reform had become one of the top priorities in the People's Republic of China. One of the major educators faced was the large number of rural schoolchildren dropping out to pursue work. Another issue was a large urban -- rural divide: urban students stayed in school longer. Not One Less was Yimou's ninth film, but only the second not to star long-time collaborator Gong Li. The movie was filmed at Chicheng County's Shuiquan Primary School, in the city of Zhangjiakou; both locations are in Hebei province. The movie was filmed in a documentary-like, "neorealist" style involving natural lighting. Zhang had to work closely during production of the film. Not One Less was Zhang's first film to enjoy resources. Thirteen-year-old Wei Minzhi arrives in Shuiquan village to substitute for the village's only teacher while he is away on business.Not One Less – DVD release cover
157. Oriental Film – Oriental Film was a film production company in Batavia, Dutch East Indies. Established by Chinese businessman Tjo Seng Han in 1940, it completed four black-and-white films before it was closed in 1941. All the company's films may now be lost. They launched the careers of actors such as Dhalia and Soerip. Established during the revival of the Indies industry, Oriental released its first film, Kris Mataram, in July 1940. It relied on her fame as a stage actress to draw audiences. This was followed by a further three films, which were targeted at low-income audiences and extensively used kroncong music. Their final production was Panggilan Darah in 1941, completed after Njoo and Young had migrated to Majestic Film. The company was shut down. In 1940, four new production houses were opened, including Oriental Film. Tjan Hock Siong, was brought on to manage the day-to-day activities of the studio. It was hoped that name recognition would bring in audiences. The hiring of Njoo and Young was part of a trend of bringing crew into the film industry. Kris Mataram, was directed by Njoo and starred Young and Omar Rodriga. It followed a young noblewoman who marries a nobleman despite her parents' disapproval.Oriental Film – Oriental logo, from an advertisement for Kris Mataram
158. Pah Wongso Pendekar Boediman – Pah Wongso Pendekar Boediman is a 1941 detective film from the Dutch East Indies. The first production by Star Film, it was produced by Cho' Chin Hsin. A sequel to this film, possibly lost, Pah Wongso Tersangka, was released later that year. Pah Wongso is a nut seller, schoolmaster who lives in Batavia and takes care of the local poor. His young protégé Wisnoe saves the life of a young woman named Siti when she is almost hit by a carriage. In thanks, her father Haji Abdullah gives a job at his rice mill. He begins to woo Siti, who returns his affections. However, Wisnoe's Bardja is envious of his newfound success. Bardja is smitten with Siti, who does not love him. Hoping to eliminate his competition, Bardja hires some thugs to kill Wisnoe; Bardja's financial situation becomes increasingly desperate. He is caught in the act. In the ensuing struggle, he kills the older man, then frames Wisnoe for the murder. Soon Pah Wongso -- warned by Siti of Bardja's previous treachery -- begins to investigate the case. Ultimately he confronts him, resulting in a battle to the death. Wisnoe's name is cleared.Pah Wongso Pendekar Boediman – Poster
159. Palpatine – Sheev Palpatine is a fictional character of the Star Wars universe, mainly portrayed by Ian McDiarmid. In the original trilogy, he is depicted as the aged, pale-faced and cloaked Emperor of the Galactic Empire and master of Darth Vader. His character is also referenced heavily in the first anthology film, Rogue One, despite having no appearance. As Sidious, Palpatine transforms the Republic into the Empire. Palpatine also manipulates Jedi Knight Anakin Skywalker into serving as Darth Vader. Palpatine's reign is brought to an end when Vader kills him to save his son, Luke Skywalker. The Emperor is briefly mentioned in the original Star Wars, the first film in the original trilogy. Grand Moff Tarkin explains to his fellow Moffs that the Emperor has dissolved the Senate. The Emperor first appeared in The Empire Strikes Back. Palpatine appears in form to address his Sith apprentice. He tells Vader that Luke Skywalker is becoming a serious threat to the Empire and must not become a Jedi. Vader convinces him that Luke would be a great asset if turned to the dark side. In 1983's Return of the Jedi, the Emperor appears in person to oversee the last stages of the second Death Star's construction. He assures Darth Vader that they will together turn Luke, now revealed to be Vader's son, to the dark side. Unknown to Vader, the Emperor plans to replace his apprentice with Luke.Palpatine – Ian McDiarmid as Senator Palpatine in Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace.
160. Panavision – Panavision is an American motion picture equipment company specializing in cameras and lenses, based in Woodland Hills, California. The company introduced its first products in 1954. Originally a provider of CinemaScope accessories, the company's line of anamorphic widescreen lenses soon became the leader. In 1972, Panavision helped revolutionize filmmaking with the lightweight Panaflex 35 mm camera. The company has introduced other groundbreaking cameras such as the digital video Genesis. Panavision operates exclusively as a rental facility—the company owns its entire inventory, unlike most of its competitors. Panavision was established principally for the manufacture of anamorphic projection lenses to meet the growing demands of theaters showing CinemaScope films. At the time of Panavision's formation, Gottschalk owned a shop in Westwood Village, California, where many of his customers were cinematographers. After it was unsqueezed by a complementary optical element, the tank operator could see double the horizontal field of view without significant distortion. Gottschalk and Moore bought some of these lenses for use in their underwater photography. As filmmaking became popular, Gottschalk saw an opportunity to provide anamorphic lenses to the film industry -- first for projectors, then for cameras. A friend of Moore, started working as a cameraman on early tests of anamorphic photography. In the 1950s, the motion industry was threatened by the advent of television -- TV kept moviegoers at home, reducing box office revenues. Film studios sought to lure audiences to theaters with attractions that television could not provide. These included a revival of color films, three-dimensional films, widescreen movies.Panavision – Screenshot of The Big Fisherman (1959), the first film released using the Super Panavision 70 process. The image shows the 2.20:1 aspect ratio in which the film was presented.
161. Panggilan Darah – Shot on two factories in central Java, Panggilan Darah was a modest commercial success in the Indies and Singapore. The film's acting received critical praise. Despite this success, Oriental merged into Multi Film soon afterwards. Panggilan Darah, screened late as 1952, may now be lost. Soerip leave their village in an attempt to make a living in the colonial capital of Batavia. After a long period of misery, they are accepted as housemaids at the home of Hajji Iskak. Although initially elated, they find that Iskak's wife is a cruel mistress who often beats them. Meanwhile, Iskak's would-be son-in-law is constantly flirting with Dhalia, much to his fiancée's dismay. The sisters decide to run away from Iskak's home. They make their way to find work at the Nitisemito clove cigarette factory with the help of their friend. Long after their escape, Iskak receives a guest who reveals that the two were his nieces. This revelation spurs Iskak to take out advertisements in newspapers, asking them to return to Batavia. They quickly return to Batavia. There, the sisters are greeted with open arms. Iskak's wife regrets her earlier treatment of the repents, treating them splendidly and supporting Dhalia's plans to open an orphanage.Panggilan Darah – Newspaper advertisement, Surabaya
162. Pather Panchali – Pather Panchali is a 1955 Indian Bengali-language drama film directed by Satyajit Ray and produced by the Government of West Bengal. It is based on Bibhutibhushan Bandyopadhyay's 1929 Bengali novel of the same name and is Ray's directorial debut. It features Subir Banerjee, Kanu Banerjee, Chunibala Devi. Production was interrupted because of funding problems and it took nearly three years for the film to be completed. The film was shot mainly on location, was made by an inexperienced crew. Ravi Shankar composed the film's score using classical Indian ragas. Subrata Mitra was in charge of the cinematography while editing was handled by Dulal Dutta. A special screening was attended by the Chief Minister of West Bengal and the Prime Minister of India. Critics have praised its realism, humanity, soul-stirring qualities while others have called its slow pace a drawback, some have condemned it for romanticising poverty. The tale of Apu's life is continued in the two subsequent installments of Ray's trilogy: Aparajito and Apur Sansar. It is often featured in lists of the greatest films ever made. His Sarbajaya takes care of their children, Harihar's elderly cousin, Indir Thakrun. Because of their limited resources, Sarbajaya resents having to share her home with the helpless Indir. At times, Sarbajaya's taunts become offensive, forcing Indir to take temporary refuge in the home of another relative. Durga is fond of Indir and often gives her fruit she has stolen from a wealthy neighbour's orchard.Pather Panchali – A poster of Pather Panchali
163. Pengkhianatan G30S/PKI – Pengkhianatan G30S/PKI is a 1984 Indonesian docudrama written and directed by Arifin C. Noer, produced by G. Dwipayana, starring Amoroso Katamsi, Umar Kayam, Syubah Asa. Produced over a period of two years with a budget of Rp. 800 million, the film was sponsored by Suharto's New Order government. The film depicts the period leading up to the coup and several days after it. In a time of economic turmoil, six generals are kidnapped and killed by the PKI and Air Force, purportedly to pre-empt a coup against President Sukarno. Afterwards urges the Indonesian populace to fight against all forms of communism. The first commercially released domestic film to deal with the events of 1965, Pengkhianatan G30S/PKI was a critical success. It was used as a propaganda vehicle by the New Order government until its collapse; televised annually on 30 September and became mandatory viewing for students. Since the fall of Suharto in 1998, such use of the film has become less common. Although the film's artistic aspects remain well-received, its misrepresentation of history has been criticised. In the early 1960s leftist parties had the support of President Sukarno, giving them great political power. By 1965 the PKI claimed millions of a growing number influenced by widespread poverty. The Army, however, was distrustful of the PKI, a feeling which the PKI reciprocated. The bodies, along with those of others captured by the G30S, were dumped down a well at Lubang Buaya, Jakarta. Later that morning, armed forces occupied Merdeka Square in central Jakarta.Pengkhianatan G30S/PKI – Lobby card
164. Persuasion (1995 film) – Persuasion is a 1995 period drama film directed by Roger Michell and based on Jane Austen's 1817 novel of the same name. In her theatrical debut, the British actress Amanda Root stars as protagonist Anne Elliot, while Ciarán Hinds plays her romantic interest, Captain Frederick Wentworth. The film is set in 19th century England, nine years after Anne was persuaded by others to reject Wentworth's proposal of marriage. Persuasion follows the two as they become reacquainted with each other, while supporting characters threaten to interfere. The film was adapted by Nick Dear, who considered the story more mature than Austen's other novels. He characterised it particularly in telling the story of two people separated and then reunited. As Austen's style conveys Anne's thoughts internally, Dear and Root felt compelled to express the character's emotions using comparatively little dialogue. Persuasion was shot in chronological order, allowing the actress to portray Anne's development from blossoming. Originally the BBC was the sole producer of Persuasion, until it partnered with the French company Millesime. This decision allowed it to be filmed at locations featured in the novel, including Lyme Regis and Bath. Michell believed this was Austen's most poignant novel, as well as her most autobiographical. Costume designer Alexandra Byrne produced clothing that appeared "lived-in", winning a BAFTA for her efforts. Persuasion was filmed during a period of popularity for Austen's works; it was one of six adaptations of her novels produced during the mid-1990s. The film originally aired on 16 April 1995, when it broadcast on the British channel BBC Two. Sony Pictures Classics released the film on 27 September 1995, as Austen's increasing popularity became apparent to Hollywood.Persuasion (1995 film) – Theatrical release poster
165. The Pit and the Pendulum (1961 film) – The Pit and the Pendulum is a 1961 horror film directed by Roger Corman, starring Vincent Price, Barbara Steele, John Kerr, Luana Anders. The screenplay by Richard Matheson was based on Edgar Allan Poe's short story of the same name. Set in sixteenth-century Spain, the story is about a young Englishman who visits a forbidding castle to investigate his sister's mysterious death. Like House, the film features cinematography by Floyd Crosby, sets designed by art director Daniel Haller, a film score composed by Les Baxter. Pit's commercial success convinced AIP and Corman to continue adapting Poe stories for another six films, five of them starring Price. The series ended with the release of The Tomb of Ligeia. Stephen King has described one of Pit's major shock sequences as being among the most important moments in the post-1960 film. In century Spain, Englishman Francis Barnard visits the castle of his brother-in-law Nicholas Medina to investigate the mysterious death of his sister Elizabeth. Francis vows that he will not leave until he discovers the true circumstances surrounding his sister's death. During dinner with Dr. Leon, Francis again asks about his sister's death. Dr. Leon tells him that his sister died of massive failure, literally "dying of fright". Francis demands to be shown where Elizabeth died. Nicholas takes him to the castle's torture chamber. Nicholas reveals that Elizabeth, under the influence of the castle's "heavy atmosphere", became obsessed with the chamber's torture devices. After becoming progressively unbalanced, one day she died after whispering the name "Sebastian".The Pit and the Pendulum (1961 film) – Original 1961 theatrical release poster by Reynold Brown
166. The Power of Nightmares – The Power of Nightmares: The Rise of the Politics of Fear is a BBC television documentary series by Adam Curtis. It mainly consists with Curtis narrating. The series was originally broadcast in the United Kingdom in 2004. It has subsequently been shown at various film festivals, including the 2005 Cannes Film Festival. The Power of Nightmares was praised by film critics in the United States. Its content have also been the subject of various critiques and criticisms from conservatives and progressives. The first part of the series explains the origins of Islamism and neoconservatism. He then becomes convinced that his vision can only be accomplished through use of an elite "vanguard" to lead a revolution against the established order. He influences Ayman al-Zawahiri, the future mentor of Osama bin Laden, to start his own secret Islamist group. Inspired by the 1979 Iranian revolution, his allies assassinate Egyptian president Anwar Al-Sadat in 1981 in the hopes of starting their own revolution. They continued to believe that a vanguard was necessary to overthrow the corrupt regime and replace it with a ` pure' Islamist state. They conclude that an emphasis on individual liberty was the undoing of Johnson's plans. They set about creating a mythical enemy. The neoconservatives, came to power during the 1980s under the Reagan administration, with their allies Dick Cheney and Donald Rumsfeld. Curtis argues that the Soviet Union was on the verge of collapsing anyway.The Power of Nightmares – Title screen
167. Prometheus (2012 film) – Seeking the origins of humanity, the crew arrives on a distant world and discovers a threat that could cause the extinction of the human species. Development of the film began in the early 2000s as a fifth installment in the Alien franchise. Director James Cameron developed ideas for a film that would serve to Scott's 1979 science-fiction horror film Alien. By 2003, the development of Alien vs. Predator took precedence, the project remained dormant until 2009 when Scott again showed interest. Prometheus entered production with extensive design phases during which creatures that the film required were developed. Photography began in March 2011, with an estimated US$120 -- budget. The project was shot using 3D cameras throughout, almost entirely on practical sets, on location in England, Iceland, Spain, Scotland. It was promoted with a marketing campaign that included viral activities on the web. Prometheus was released on June 2012, in North America. It grossed over $403 million worldwide. Reviews praised both the film's visual aesthetic design and the acting, most notably Fassbender's performance as the android David. However, the plot drew a mixed response from critics, who criticized plot elements that remained unresolved or were predictable. Alien: Covenant, is scheduled to be released on May 2017. As a spacecraft departs a planet, a humanoid alien drinks an iridescent liquid and then dissolves. The remains of the alien cascade into a waterfall.Prometheus (2012 film) – Theatrical release poster
168. R U Professional – Bale was filming with actress Bryce Dallas Howard when he berated director of Shane Hurlbut, for walking into his line of sight. An audio recording of the incident appeared on February 2, 2009. The Mae Shi released it the next day. The group stated that the piece was created to honor Bale. The song parodies Bale by sampling his voice from the 2008 diatribe. The chorus incorporates Bale's use of the professional from his flare-up. The lyrics reference several films the actor starred including Newsies, Swing Kids, American Psycho, The Dark Knight. The song was made available via download on MediaFire the next day. "R U Professional" was praised as an effective parody of Bale's on-set disturbance. MTV compared its style like Devo. The Los Angeles Times described it to the actor. USA Today called it creatively motivated. The Toronto Sun wrote positively from the Bale oration. El País classed the piece as an song that contributed to the viral spread of the Bale rant online. Dose placed the song within the genre of an electro session.R U Professional – Christian Bale in July 2008
169. The Revolution Will Not Be Televised (film) – The Revolution Will Not Be Televised was directed by Irish filmmakers Kim Bartley and Donnacha Ó Briain. Given direct access to Chávez, the filmmakers intended to make a fly-on-the-wall biography of the president. They spent seven months interviewing ordinary citizens. Later, they filmed many of the political upheavals inside Miraflores, the presidential palace. Bartley and Ó Briain conceived of the film after Bartley returned from documenting the aftermath of the 1999 Vargas mudslides for an Irish charity. At BSÉ's request, the filmmakers partnered with a more experienced producer and shot a short pilot to show to potential investors. Funding for the $200,000 production was provided by European broadcasters. Bartley and Ó Briain shot more than 200 hours of material; editing focused on identifying footage that would make the film entertaining and drive the plot. It was at this stage that the film's coverage narrowed to concentrate more on the coup attempt. The film was positively received by mainstream film critics and won several awards. Independent activists held unofficial screenings, Venezuelan government officials encouraged its circulation to build support for Chávez's administration. In the capital it is often broadcast during "political conjunctures". The film is variously cited as an accurate portrayal or a misrepresentation of the events of April 2002. Throughout much of the twentieth century, Venezuela was beset by military unrest. Although the military remained influential, Venezuela's government has since been chosen by civilians through democratic processes.The Revolution Will Not Be Televised (film) – Hugo Chávez in 2003
170. RKO Pictures – RKO Pictures Inc. also known as RKO Radio Pictures and in its later years RKO Teleradio Pictures, was an American film production and distribution company. It was one of Hollywood's Golden Age. RCA chief David Sarnoff engineered the merger to create a market for RCA Photophone. By the mid-1940s, the studio was under the control of investor Floyd Odlum. RKO has long been celebrated for its series of musicals starring Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers in the mid-to-late 1930s. , later, Robert Mitchum had their first major successes at the studio. Cary Grant was a mainstay for years. The studio produced two of the most famous films in motion history: King Kong and Citizen Kane. RKO Pictures is also a member of Motion Picture Association of America. Maverick industrialist Howard Hughes took in 1948. After years of decline under his control, Hughes sold the troubled studio to General Tire and Rubber Company in 1955. The original RKO Pictures was effectively dissolved two years later. In 1981, the corporate heir, revived it as a production subsidiary, RKO Pictures Inc.. In October 1927, Warner Bros. released the first feature-length talking picture. Its success prompted Hollywood to convert from silent to sound production en masse.RKO Pictures – RKO Radio Pictures Inc.
171. Rob-B-Hood – The film was filmed between December 2005 and January 2006. Rob-B-Hood is the first film in over 30 years in which Jackie Chan plays an anti-hero. With the Landlord arrested, Thongs and Octopus take care of the baby for a short time, developing strong bonds with him. Reluctant to hand the baby over, the two are forced to protect him from the triads who hired them in the first place. Rob-B-Hood was released in Hong Kong, China and Southeast Asia on 29 September 2006 based in Hong Kong to generally positive reviews. Friends Thongs and Octopus evade security guards in a hospital, having stolen money and medication from the safe. Following a violent struggle, the baby fall over the side -- the baby is caught by Thongs, while Max plummets to his death. While the guards are distracted, Thongs and Octopus leave in the Landlord's minivan. A few months later, the Landlord finds his life savings gone. Disgusted by the idea of a baby, Thongs threatens to return him, but relents after the Landlord tells him of his predicament. As the police close in on them, the stuck Landlord instructs Thongs and Octopus to leave with the baby. While in custody for reckless driving, the Landlord learns through the news. He phones Thongs, instructing him not to hand the baby over to anyone prior to his release so he can jack up the price. Over the few days, Thongs and Octopus take care of the baby, developing a strong bond with him. The two begin to regret their vices: Thongs resists the urge to gamble, while Octopus feels sorry for cheating on his wife.Rob-B-Hood – Theatrical release poster
172. St. Elmo (1914 film) – St. Elmo is a 1914 American silent drama film produced by the Balboa Amusement Producing Company and distributed by William Fox's Box Office Attractions Company. It was the first feature-length film adaptation of the same name. It is disputed who directed the film; many sources credit Bertram Bracken, while others list St. Elmo as J. Gordon Edwards's directorial debut. Some reviewers praised the scenery and overall quality, considering the film an improvement over staged adaptations of the novels. Others found the story confusing. Despite mixed reviews, the film was financially successful, reportedly setting office records. A film adaptation of an unrelated Evans novel, Beulah, was marketed as a sequel. As with most Balboa films, St. Elmo is now believed lost. His cousin and best friend, are both in love with a young woman named Agnes Hunt. Although Agnes loves Murray, she rejects him for being too poor. Instead, she accepts the wealthy St. Elmo's proposal. St. Elmo's mother holds a ball to celebrate the engagement. After the betrothal is publicly announced, Murray and Agnes meet covertly in the gardens. St. Elmo discovers their affair, kills his cousin with the first shot. He becomes a cruel wanderer, spreading misery and misfortune where he travels.St. Elmo (1914 film) – Theatrical release poster
173. Sense and Sensibility (film) – Sense and Sensibility is a 1995 British-American period drama film directed by Ang Lee and based on Jane Austen's 1811 novel of the same name. Actress Emma Thompson wrote the script and stars as Elinor Dashwood, while Kate Winslet plays Elinor's younger sister Marianne. The story follows members of a wealthy English family of landed gentry, as they must deal with circumstances of sudden destitution. They are forced to seek financial security through marriage. Actors Hugh Grant and Alan Rickman play their respective suitors. The film was released on 13 December 1995 on 23 February 1996 in the United Kingdom. A longtime admirer of Austen's novel, hired Thompson to write the screenplay. The actress spent five years drafting numerous revisions, continually working on the script between other films well as into production of the film itself. Columbia Pictures agreed to distribute the film. Though initially intending to have another actress portray Elinor, Thompson was persuaded to take the role. Thompson's screenplay exaggerated the Dashwood family's wealth to make their later scenes of poverty more apparent to modern audiences. It also altered the traits of the male leads to make them more appealing to contemporary viewers. Marianne's different characteristics were emphasised through imagery and invented scenes. Lee was given a budget of $ million. It earned seven Academy nominations, including for Best Picture and Best Actress.Sense and Sensibility (film) – Theatrical release poster
174. She Shoulda Said No! – "She Shoulda Said'No'!" is a 1949 exploitation film that follows in the spirit of morality tales such as the 1936 films Reefer Madness and Marihuana. Leeds' character is "Anne Lester", a young orphan, trying to pay for her brother's college education. After meeting Markey, a drug dealer, Anne begins to believe that she must smoke marijuana to fit in with her friends. She then goes to a "tea party", where she tries the drug for the first time. She is unaffected by the initial experiment, loses her fear of drugs as she continues to smoke. Anne's drug use results in the loss of many of her inhibitions, the film shows her actions under the influence, including scenes implying sexual promiscuity. As the film progresses, she is fired from her job and begins selling drugs for Markey. Finally, after 50 days in jail, she is released, cleaned up and ready to cooperate with the authorities regarding Markey. The film itself is semi-biographical, its story following what Leeds herself experienced. The film was inspired by the highly publicized arrest of movie stars Robert Mitchum and Leeds for marijuana possession. Leeds, however, was sentenced to sixty days in prison and placed on probation for five years. Upon her release, Leeds struggled to find work in Hollywood, signed on to star in Wild Weed. . . Which was an obvious attempt to capitalize on the Mitchum case notoriety.She Shoulda Said No! – Theatrical poster to She Shoulda Said 'No'! (1949).
175. Sherlock Holmes Baffled – Sherlock Holmes Baffled is a very short American silent film created in 1900 with cinematography by Arthur Marvin. It is the earliest known film to feature Arthur Conan Doyle's detective character Sherlock Holmes, albeit unlike that of later screen incarnations. The inclusion of the character also makes the first recorded detective film. In the film, a thief who can disappear at will steals a sack of items from Sherlock Holmes. At each point, Holmes's attempts to thwart the end in failure. Originally shown in Mutoscope machines in arcades, Sherlock Holmes Baffled has a running time of 30 seconds. A copyright notice stating this is seen on some prints. The identities of the actors playing his assailant are not recorded. Assumed to be lost for many years, the film was rediscovered as a paper print in the Library of Congress. Sherlock Holmes enters his drawing room to find it being on confronting the villain is surprised when the latter disappears. After Holmes recovers his property, the bag vanishes into that of the thief, who promptly disappears through a window. At this point the movie ends abruptly with Holmes looking "baffled". Like Thomas Edison's Kinetoscope the Mutoscope provided viewing to only one person at a time. Simpler than the Kinetoscope, the system marketed by the American Mutoscope Company quickly dominated the coin-in-the-slot "peep-show" business. Earlier machines had relied on natural light.Sherlock Holmes Baffled – Holmes first encounters the intruder.
176. Sholay – Sholay is a 1975 Indian Hindi-language action-adventure film directed by Ramesh Sippy and produced by his father G. P. Sippy. The film follows two criminals, Veeru and Jai, hired by a retired police officer to capture the ruthless dacoit Gabbar Singh. Jaya Bhaduri also star, as Veeru and Jai's love interests. Sholay is considered a one of the best Indian films. It was ranked first in the British Film Institute's 2002 poll of "Top 10 Indian Films" of all time. In 2005, the judges of the annual Filmfare Awards named it the Best Film of 50 Years. The film was shot in the rocky terrain of Ramanagara, over a span of two and a half years. After the Central Board of Film Certification mandated the removal of violent scenes, Sholay was released with a length of 198 minutes. In 1990, the original director's cut of 204 minutes became available on home media. Favourable word-of-mouth publicity helped it to become a box office success. It ran for more than five years at Mumbai's Minerva theatre. By some accounts, Sholay is the highest grossing Indian film of all time, adjusted for inflation. The film is a defining example of the masala film, which mixes several genres in one work. The combined sales of the original soundtrack, scored by the dialogues, set new sales records. The film's dialogues and certain characters became extremely popular, becoming part of India's daily vernacular.Sholay – Theatrical release poster
177. Si Ronda – Si Ronda is a 1930 silent film from the Dutch East Indies, directed by Lie Tek Swie and starred Bachtiar Effendi. Based on Betawi oral tradition, it follows the exploits of a bandit, skilled in silat, known as Si Ronda. In the lenong stories from which the film was derived, Ronda was often depicted as a Robin Hood type of figure. The production, now thought lost, was one of a series of martial films released between 1929 and 1931. Si Ronda received little coverage upon its release. A second adaptation of Si Ronda Macan Betawi, was made in 1978. Si Ronda was adapted from a lenong popular with ethnic native audiences of the time. The Indonesian scholar Misbach Yusa Biran suggests that Ronda was selected for adaptation because of its potential action sequences. In the domestic cinema, such sequences had generally been been well received by audiences. Adaptations of the genre, manifested as bandit films, became popular by Batavia Motion Picture in 1929. This release was followed in 1931. Si Ronda was produced by Tan Khoen Yauw of Tan's Film. The two had previously worked together on the company's highly profitable Njai Dasima in 1929. Cinematography was handled by A. Loepias. Shot in this silent film starred Bachtiar Effendi, a set decorator with Tan's, in his on-screen debut playing the title role.Si Ronda – Bachtiar Effendi, who played the title role in Si Ronda
178. Si Tjonat – Si Tjonat is a likely-lost 1929 bandit film from the Dutch East Indies directed by Nelson Wong and produced by Wong and Jo Eng Sek. Based on the novel by F.D.J. Pangemanann, the silent film followed an indigenous man who, having killed his fellow villager, flees to Batavia and becomes a bandit. After kidnapping an Chinese woman, he is defeated and brought to justice. A commercially oriented work aimed at Chinese audiences, Si Tjonat received mixed reviews; box office proceeds are unclear. Although intended as a serial, no sequel was ever made; Batavia Motion Picture, closed soon afterwards. However, several works in the same genre as this one were released afterwards including Si Pitoeng, which used the same director and star. A Sundanese youth, kills his friend and escapes to Batavia, the capital of the Dutch East Indies, where he finds work with a Dutch man. Tjonat soon robs the man of his wealth and then leaves the household to live the life of a bandit. When he asks the daughter of a peranakan Chinese farmer named Lie A Tjip, to be his lover, she refuses. Lie is rescued by her fiancé, Thio Sing Sang, well-trained in martial arts. Si Tjonat was directed by Nelson Wong, who produced the film with his business partner Jo Eng Sek. The two had established Batavia Motion Picture in 1929. A shop owner, had never produced a film. The story for Si Tjonat was based on the novel Tjerita Si Tjonat, written by reporter F.D.J.Si Tjonat – Si Tjonat was based on Tjerita Si Tjonat (1900).
179. The Simpsons Movie – The Simpsons Movie is a 2007 American adult animated comedy film based on the Fox television series The Simpsons. Previous attempts to create a The Simpsons film failed due to the lack of a script of appropriate length and crew members. Eventually, James L. Brooks, Matt Groening, Al Jean, Richard Sakai, Mike Scully began development of the film in 2001. A team consisting of Brooks, Groening, Jean, Scully, Ian Maxtone-Graham, George Meyer, David Mirkin, Mike Reiss, Matt Selman, John Swartzwelder, Jon Vitti was assembled. They conceived numerous plot ideas, with Groening's being the one developed into a film. This creativity continued after the animation had begun in 2006. This meant hours of finished material was cut, which included cameo roles from Erin Brockovich, Minnie Driver, Isla Fisher, Edward Norton. Green Day appeared in the final cut as themselves. Tie-in promotions were made including Burger King and 7-Eleven, the latter which transformed selected stores into Kwik-E-Marts. The film premiered in Springfield, Vermont, which had won the right to hold it through a competition organized by Fox. The film was a commercial success, grossing over $527 million worldwide. Only Marge takes this seriously. Bart is arrested by Chief Wiggum. Bart considers their neighbor Ned Flanders a better father figure after Homer refuses to take responsibility for the incident. A new Irish friend named Colin convince the entire town to clean their lake.The Simpsons Movie – Director David Silverman looked at some of the television episodes he had directed for inspiration.
180. Khan Noonien Singh – Khan Noonien Singh, commonly shortened to Khan, is a fictional villain in the Star Trek science fiction franchise. In the 2013 film Star Trek Into Darkness, he is played by Benedict Cumberbatch. The character once controlled more than a quarter of the Earth during the Eugenics Wars of the 1990s. Kirk and exiled on Ceti Alpha V to create a new society with his people. In Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan, set fifteen years after "Space Seed", Khan escapes his exile and sets out to exact revenge upon Kirk. Executive producer for Star Trek II, chose Khan for the film. Montalbán's portrayal has been positively received by critics and fans; Khan was voted one of the ten greatest film villains by the Online Film Critics Society. In Star Trek Into Darkness, set in the alternate continuity established in Star Trek, Khan is awakened almost a decade before the events of "Space Seed". Khan is coerced by Admiral Marcus in exchange for the lives of Khan's crew. He ultimately rebels and comes into conflict with the crew of Enterprise. Khan makes his introductory appearance in first broadcast on February 1967. While most of the supermen were sentenced to death, 84 others escaped Earth by way of the sleeper ship SS Botany Bay. When Khan's sleep chamber malfunctions, he is transported to Enterprise, where he reawakens and learns he is in the 23rd century. McGivers agrees to help Khan revive the other supermen, allowing him to organize a mutiny. To coerce the Enterprise crew to cooperate with him, Khan places Captain James T.Khan Noonien Singh – Khan Noonien Singh as he appears in " Space Seed "
181. The Sinking of the Lusitania – The Sinking of the Lusitania is a silent animated short film by American cartoonist Winsor McCay. It is a work of propaganda re-creating the 1915 sinking of the British liner RMS Lusitania. At twelve minutes it has been called the longest work of animation at the time of its release. The film is the earliest surviving serious, dramatic work of animation. In 1915 a German submarine sank the RMS Lusitania; 128 Americans were among the 1,198 dead. In 1916, McCay began work on the patriotic Sinking of the Lusitania on his own time with his own money. The film followed McCay's earlier successes in animation: Little Nemo, How a Mosquito Gertie the Dinosaur. His assistants spent twenty-two months making the film. The film opens with a live-action prologue in which McCay busies himself studying a picture of the Lusitania as a model for his film-in-progress. Intertitles boast of the 25,000 drawings needed to complete the film. McCay is shown working on "the first record of the sinking of the Lusitania". The liner leaves New York Harbor. Passengers scramble to lower lifeboats, some of which capsize in the confusion. Passengers are tossed into the ocean. The film closes with a mother struggling to keep her baby above the waves.The Sinking of the Lusitania – A still from the film showing the RMS Lusitania engulfed in smoke after being torpedoed
182. Soeara Berbisa – Soeara Berbisa is a 1941 film from the Dutch East Indies. Directed by R Hu, this black-and-white film starred Raden Soekarno, Ratna Djoewita, Oedjang, Soehaena. The story, written by Djojopranoto, follows two young men who compete before learning that they are long-lost brothers. Completed between October 1941, Soeara Berbisa featured keroncong music and was shot partly in western Java. It was rated for all ages. A review in De Indische Courant was positive. Although the film -- Union's penultimate production -- was screened late as 1949, it is now likely lost. His sweetheart Neng Mardinah are to be wed.. In the backlash over the rumours, Mitra abandons his beloved, hoping to find peace in the countryside. There, Mitra finds work at a factory, coincidentally, owned by Mardjohan. Refusing the romantic advances of a worker there, he leaves the factory. He comes across Mardjohan, gravely injured following an accident. Mitra saves the man, then takes him for treatment. Mardjohan's mother, seeing Mitra, believes that he is her son who went missing when he was aged three. She finds several witnesses, ultimately able to prove her suspicions.Soeara Berbisa – Newspaper advertisement
183. Ruma Maida – Ruma Maida is a 2009 Indonesian film written by Ayu Utami, directed by Teddy Soeriaatmadja and starring Atiqah Hasiholan, Yama Carlos, Nino Fernandez, Frans Tumbuan. It details a woman's struggle to save a historic house from a developer; it also shows the life of the house's original owner. After three months of pre-production, shooting began in Semarang, Kota, Jakarta. Ruma Maida, which uses filming styles for scenes in the past and present, deals with the importance of education, history, pluralism. Critical reception to the film was mixed; reviewers disapproved of the plot and dialogue. It was nominated at the 2009 Indonesian Film Festival, of which it won one. Maida, a Christian, runs a free school for street children in Jakarta. As Maida learns about Pahing, she decides to write her undergraduate thesis about his life. As Maida and Sakera argue in the streets, rioting breaks out around them. Sakera protects the half-Chinese Maida, then tells her although it is scheduled to be demolished within a week. After attempts to persuade Muchlisin to keep the original design fail, Sakera overhears that the house is on disputed land. With the help of her mother's former Kuan, she discovers the true ownership of the house. After being tortured, Pahing was released to discover that his wife had been killed; their newborn son Fajar had been kidnapped. Pahing later died on a flight carrying medical supplies over Yogyakarta when the flight was shot down. Meanwhile, his son had his name changed to Dasaad Muchlisin.Ruma Maida – Promotional poster
184. Sorga Ka Toedjoe – Sorga Ka Toedjoe is a 1940 film from the Dutch East Indies directed by Joshua and Othniel Wong for Tan's Film. It follows an older couple who are reunited after years of separation by another, younger couple. The first production by Tan's Film after the departure of Rd Mochtar, was targeted at native audiences. It was a commercial and critical success. Roekiah and Djoemala took leading roles in three more films before Tan's closed in 1942. Sorga Ka Toedjoe is now thought lost. Rasminah is living with her blind aunt Hadidjah in Puncak, a village south-east of Buitenzorg. Hadidjah has been separated from her husband, Kasimin, for several years, ever since she accused him of adultery. Now she sings the kroncong song "Sorga Ka Toedjoe", which Kasimin declared to be a symbol of his love, at 5 p.m. every day. Unknown to Hadidjah, Kasimin is alive and well; he also sings "Sorga Ka Toedjoe" every day at the same time. Several days later, having found work, she returns to Puncak to pick up Hadidjah and take her to Batavia. However, Parta and his cohort Doel are waiting in ambush. When Rasminah's carriage is stuck in a rut, the two begin to chase after her. Rasminah runs into the woods and, after several close calls, finds shelter in a small house. There she rests the night, without seeing the owner.Sorga Ka Toedjoe – Newspaper advertisement
185. Sound film – A sound film is a motion picture with synchronized sound, or sound technologically coupled to image, as opposed to a silent film. The first known public exhibition of projected sound films took place in Paris in 1900, but decades passed before sound motion pictures were made commercially practical. Amplification and quality were also inadequate. Innovations in sound-on-film led to the first commercial screening of short motion pictures using the technology, which took place in 1923. The primary steps in the commercialization of sound cinema were taken in the mid- to late 1920s. At first, the sound films which included synchronized dialogue, known as "talking pictures", or "talkies", were exclusively shorts. The earliest feature-length movies with recorded sound included only music and effects. The first film originally presented as a talkie was The Singer, released in October 1927. A major hit, it was made with Vitaphone, at the time the leading brand of sound-on-disc technology. Sound-on-film, however, would soon become the standard for talking pictures. By the early 1930s, the talkies were a global phenomenon. In the United States, they helped secure Hollywood's position of influence. In Japan, where the popular tradition live vocal performance, talking pictures were slow to take root. In India, sound was the transformative element that led to the rapid expansion of the nation's film industry. The idea of combining motion pictures with recorded sound is nearly as old as the concept of cinema itself.Sound film – 1908 poster advertising Gaumontu 's sound films. The Chronomégaphone, designed for large halls, employed compressed air to amplify the recorded sound.
186. Jack Sparrow – Captain Jack Sparrow is a fictional character and the main protagonist in the Pirates of the Caribbean film series. He first appears in the 2003 film Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl. He later appears in the sequels Dead Man's Chest, At World's End, On Stranger Tides, Dead Men Tell No Tales. In the films, Sparrow is one of the nine pirate lords in the Brethren Court, the Pirate Lords of the Seven Seas. Sparrow is introduced seeking to regain the Black Pearl, from Hector Barbossa. Later he attempts to escape his blood debt to the legendary Davy Jones while battling the East India Trading Company. The character's role expanded as the films progressed. Captain Jack Sparrow first appears in The Curse of the Black Pearl when he arrives in Port Royal in Jamaica to commandeer a ship. Despite rescuing Elizabeth Swann, the daughter of Governor Weatherby Swann, from drowning, he is jailed for piracy. A cursed ship called the Black Pearl attacks Port Royal and Elizabeth is kidnapped. Hector Barbossa, desperately seeks one last coin to break an ancient Aztec curse that he and his crew are under. A blacksmith named Will Turner frees Sparrow to aid him in rescuing Elizabeth. They recruit a motley crew before heading to Isla de Muerta, where Elizabeth is held captive. Sparrow tells Turner that his father was a pirate known as "Bootstrap" Bill Turner. The rescue attempt goes awry and Barbossa maroons Jack and Elizabeth on the same island he had stranded Sparrow before.Jack Sparrow – Johnny Depp as Captain Jack Sparrow
187. Star Trek: The Motion Picture – Star Trek: The Motion Picture is a 1979 American science fiction film released by Paramount Pictures. It stars the cast of the original 1966 -- 1969 Star Trek television series. The film is set in the twenty-third century when a immensely powerful alien cloud known as V'Ger approaches Earth, destroying everything in its path. Admiral James T. Kirk resumes command of his previous starship—the recently refitted USS Enterprise—to lead it on a mission to save the planet and determine V'Ger's origins. When the original series was cancelled in 1969, Star Trek creator Gene Roddenberry lobbied Paramount to continue the franchise through a film. The success of the series in syndication convinced the studio to begin work on a film in 1975. The attempts did not satisfy Paramount, so the studio scrapped the project in 1977. Paramount instead planned on returning the franchise with a new television series, Star Trek: Phase II. With the cancellation of Phase II, writers rushed to adapt its planned episode, "In Thy Image", into a film script. Constant revisions to the story and script continued, to the extent of hourly script updates on shooting dates. The Enterprise was modified out; costume designer Robert Fletcher provided new uniforms and production designer Harold Michelson fabricated new sets. Jerry Goldsmith composed the score, beginning an association with Star Trek that would continue until 2002. The final cost ballooned to approximately $46 million. The film earned $ million worldwide, falling short of studio expectations but enough for Paramount to propose a cheaper sequel.Star Trek: The Motion Picture – Ray Bradbury was one of the science-fiction writers who offered a premise for the Star Trek feature film.
188. Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan – Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan is a 1982 American science fiction film released by Paramount Pictures. It is the second film based on Star Trek, is a sequel to Star Trek: The Motion Picture. The plot features Admiral James T. After the lackluster commercial response to The Motion Picture, creator Gene Roddenberry was forced out of the sequel's production. Executive producer Harve Bennett wrote the film's original outline, which Jack B. Sowards developed into a full script. Director Nicholas Meyer completed the final script without accepting a credit. Meyer's approach evoked the swashbuckling atmosphere of the original series, the theme was reinforced by James Horner's musical score. Negative reaction to Spock's death led to significant revisions of the ending over Meyer's objections. Among the film's technical achievements is it being the first feature film to contain a complete sequence created entirely with computer-generated graphics. The Wrath of Khan was released in North America on June 4, 1982. It was a success, earning US$97 million worldwide and setting a world record for first-day box office gross. Critical reaction to the film was positive; reviewers highlighted the character interactions as strong elements. Negative reaction focused on weak special effects and some of the acting. In the year 2285, Admiral James T.Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan – Gene Roddenberry was removed from a direct role in the development of The Wrath of Khan due to concerns that he was the main reason behind The Motion Picture 's lukewarm reception.
189. Star Trek III: The Search for Spock – Star Trek III: The Search for Spock is a 1984 American science fiction film released by Paramount Pictures. After the death of Spock, the crew of the USS Enterprise returns to Earth. When James T. The crew must also contend with hostile Klingons, led by Kruge, bent on stealing the secrets of a powerful terraforming device. Paramount commissioned the film after positive critical and commercial reaction to The Wrath of Khan. Nimoy directed, the first Star Trek cast member to do so. Producer Harve Bennett wrote the script starting from the end and working back, intended the destruction of the Enterprise to be a shocking development. Aside from a single day of location shooting, all of the film's scenes were shot on Paramount and ILM soundstages. Composer James Horner returned to expand his themes from the previous film. The Search for Spock opened June 1, 1984. In its first week of release, the film grossed over $16 million from almost 2,000 theaters across North America. It went on to gross $ million toward a total of $87 million worldwide. Critical reaction to The Search for Spock was positive, but notably less so than the previous film. Reviewers generally praised the cast and characters, while criticism tended to focus on the plot; the special effects were conflictingly received. Roger Ebert called a compromise between the tones of the second Star Trek films.Star Trek III: The Search for Spock – Visual supervisor Ken Ralston (far right) worked with Paramount early in production to develop plans for The Search for Spock 's effects.
190. Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home – Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home is a 1986 American science fiction film released by Paramount Pictures. It is the fourth film is a sequel to Star Trek III: The Search for Spock. It completes the story arc begun in Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan and continued in The Search for Spock. The crew travel to Earth's past to find whales who can answer the probe's call. After directing The Search for Spock, member Leonard Nimoy was given greater freedom regarding the film's content. Producer Harve Bennett conceived a story with no clear-cut villain. Dissatisfied with the first screenplay produced by Peter Krikes, Paramount hired The Wrath of director Nicholas Meyer. Meyer and Bennett wrote different parts of the script, requiring approval from Nimoy, Paramount. Photography commenced on February 1986. Special effects firm Industrial Light & Magic assisted in post-production and the film's special effects. Few of the humpback whales in the film were real: ILM devised full-size animatronics and small motorized models to stand in for the real creatures. The Voyage Home premiered in North America becoming the top-grossing film in the weekend office. The film's unconventional story were well received by fans of the series and the general audience. It was financially successful, earning $133 million worldwide. The film earned several awards and four Academy Award nominations for its cinematography and audio.Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home – The Monterey Aquarium, viewed from the back. The shallow area behind the rocks was turned into a whale tank via special effects; other changes included the addition of the San Francisco skyline in the background
191. Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country – Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country is a 1991 American science fiction film released by Paramount Pictures. It is the sixth feature film based on Star Trek, a sequel to the 1966–1969 Star Trek television series. Taking place after the events of Star Trek V: The Final Frontier, it is the last film featuring the entire cast of the original series. Principal photography took place between April and September 1991. The production budget was smaller than anticipated because of the critical and commercial disappointment of The Final Frontier. Because of a lack of sound stage space on the Paramount lot, many scenes were filmed around Hollywood. Producer Steven-Charles Jaffe led a second unit that filmed on an Alaskan glacier that stood in for a Klingon gulag. Cliff Eidelman produced the film's score, intentionally darker than previous Star Trek offerings. The film was released in North America on December 6, 1991. The Undiscovered Country garnered positive reviews, with publications praising the lighthearted acting and facetious references. The film performed strongly at the box office. It posted the largest opening weekend gross of the series before going on to earn $96,888,996 worldwide. A special collectors' edition DVD version of the film was released in 2004, to which Meyer had made minor alterations. Star Trek creator Gene Roddenberry died shortly before the movie's premiere, just days after viewing the film. The film marked the final appearance together of the original series' cast.Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country – Christopher Plummer had worked with Shatner in radio plays and requested a more human look for his character, involving wearing "less severe" Klingon make-up.
192. Star Trek: First Contact – Star Trek: First Contact is a 1996 American science fiction film released by Paramount Pictures. After the release of Star Trek Generations, Paramount tasked writers Brannon Braga and Ronald D. Moore with developing a sequel. Braga and Moore wanted to feature the Borg in the plot, while producer Rick Berman wanted a story involving travel. It was Frakes' theatrical film. The script required the creation of new starship designs, including a new USS Enterprise. Illustrator John Eaves collaborated to make a sleeker ship than its predecessor. Photography began with weeks of location shooting in Arizona and California before production moved to new sets for the ship-based scenes. Effects company Industrial Light & Magic rushed to complete the film's special effects in less than five months. Optical effects techniques were supplemented with computer-generated imagery. His son Joel collaborated to produce the film's score. First Contact was the highest-grossing film on its weekend, making $30.7 million. The film made an additional $54 million in other territories, for a worldwide total of $146 million. Critical reception was mostly positive; critics including Roger Ebert considered one of the best Star Trek films. The special effects were lauded, while characterization was less evenly received. First Contact won three Saturn Awards.Star Trek: First Contact – Having directed several episodes of Star Trek: The Next Generation, Jonathan Frakes made his feature film directorial debut with First Contact.
193. Star Trek V: The Final Frontier – Star Trek V: The Final Frontier is a 1989 American science fiction film released by Paramount Pictures. It is a sequel to the 1966 -- 1969 Star Trek series. The film was directed following two films directed by Leonard Nimoy. Shatner also developed the initial storyline in which Sybok searches for God but instead finds an alien being. The script went through multiple revisions to please the cast and studio, including cuts in the effects-laden climax of the film. Despite a writers'-guild strike cutting into the film's pre-production, Paramount commenced filming in October 1988. Production problems plagued the film in the Mojave Desert. The film's ending was reworked because of poor test-audience reaction and the failure of planned special effects. Jerry Goldsmith, composer for Star Trek: The Motion Picture, returned to score The Final Frontier. The Final Frontier was released in North America on June 9, 1989. The film received generally mixed to poor reviews by critics on release, according to its producer, it nearly killed the franchise. The next entry in the series, Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country, received a more positive reception. The crew of the newly commissioned USS Enterprise are enjoying shore leave after the starship's shakedown cruise goes poorly. Their leave is interrupted when the Enterprise is ordered by Starfleet Command to rescue Romulan hostages on the planet Nimbus III. Learning of the Enterprise's mission, the Klingon Captain Klaa decides to pursue Kirk for personal glory.Star Trek V: The Final Frontier – Shatner reprised his role as Kirk while also serving as director.
194. Subway Sadie – Subway Sadie is a 1926 American comedy-drama silent film directed by Alfred Santell. However, after Sadie receives a promotion, she must choose between marrying Herb. The cast also includes Charles Murray, Peggy Shaw, Bernard Randall. The film began production in May 1926. Arthur Edeson served as cinematographer, shooting around Central Park in areas like nightclubs. Distributed by First National Pictures, the film premiered on September 12, 1926. Many publications wrote positively of the film, praising Santell's direction. It remains unknown if a print of Subway Sadie has survived. Salesgirl Sadie Hermann, employed in a New York City store, has always dreamed of traveling to Paris. Sadie then receives a message from Herb, which informs her that he is in the hospital as the result of an accident. Alfred Santell directed Subway Sadie, from a screenplay written by Paul Schofield. On May 1926, the film entered production. The film's producer and production manager, selected the actors to appear in the film. Jack Mulhall was cast in the lead as Herb McCarthy. Mulhall said of Santell: That man's a great director.Subway Sadie – Lobby card
195. Summer of '42 – Summer of'42 is a 1971 American coming-of-age comedy-drama film based on the memoirs of screenwriter Herman Raucher. Mulligan also has an uncredited role as the voice of the adult Hermie. Maureen Stapleton also appears in a uncredited voice role. The film opens with a series of still photographs appearing over melancholic music, representing the abstract memories of the unseen Herman Raucher, now a middle-aged man. We then hear Raucher recalling the summer he spent in 1942. They continue spending afternoons on the beach where, in the midst of teenage girls, their thoughts invariably turn to sex. Hermie finds her trying to carry bags of groceries by herself, helps get them back to her house. He agrees to return to help her with chores. Meanwhile, Oscy and Hermie, thanks to a manual discovered by Benjie, become convinced they know everything necessary to lose their virginity. Led by Oscy, they test this by picking-up a trio of high-school girls. Oscy stakes out the most attractive one, Miriam, "giving" Hermie her less attractive friend, Aggie, leaving Benjie with Gloria, a heavyset girl with braces. Frightened by the immediacy of sex, Benjie is not seen by Hermie or Oscy again that night. Hermie and Oscy spend the entirety of the evening's film attempting to "put the moves" on Miriam and Aggie. Oscy pursues Miriam, later learns her ways are well-known on the island. Hermie finds himself succeeding with Aggie, who allows him to grope what he thinks is her breast; Oscy later points out Hermie was fondling her arm.Summer of '42 – Theatrical release poster
196. Superman in film – The fictional character Superman, an American comic book superhero in DC Comics publications, has appeared in movies almost since his inception. He then starred in two movie serials in 1948 and 1950. Lippert Pictures, released the first Superman feature film, Superman and the Mole Men, starring George Reeves, in 1951. Ilya and Alexander Salkind and Pierre Spengler purchased the Superman film rights in 1974. After numerous scripts, Richard Donner was hired to direct the film, Superman II simultaneously. Donner had already shot eighty percent of Superman II with Christopher Reeve before it was decided to finish shooting the first film. The Salkinds commissioned Richard Lester as the director to finish Superman II. Ilya Salkind commissioned a fifth Superman script before Warner Bros. acquired the rights entirely in 1993. The studio hired releasing Superman Returns in 2006, which starred newcomer Brandon Routh. Donner's director's cut for Superman II was also released that year. Despite positive reviews, Warner Bros. was canceled Singer's proposed sequel. Henry Cavill reprised the role of Superman with Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice. Superman first appeared from between 1941 and 1943. They were released by Paramount Pictures. Of those seventeen, nine were produced by its successor, Famous Studios.Superman in film – Promotional image for Man of Steel, featuring Henry Cavill as Superman
197. Taare Zameen Par – Taare Zameen Par is a 2007 Indian drama film produced and directed by Aamir Khan. Khan plays his art teacher. Writer Amole Gupte initially developed the idea with his wife Deepa Bhatia, who served as the film's editor. The title animation -- the first use of clay animation in a Bollywood film -- was created by Dhimant Vyas. Shankar -- Ehsaan -- Loy composed Prasoon Joshi wrote the lyrics for many of the songs. Some of the school's students make appearances. The film explores the imagination of Ishaan, an 8-year-old dyslexic child. Although he excels in art, his academic performance leads his parents to send him to a boarding school. Ishaan's new teacher suspects that he is dyslexic and helps him to overcome his disability. UTV Home Entertainment released a DVD for Indian audiences in 2008. Disney's later release of the international DVD marked the first purchase of distribution rights for an Indian film by a global company. It did not progress to the short-list. Ishaan Nandkishore Awasthi is an 8-year-old boy who fails every test or exam. He is belittled and berated by his teachers and classmates. But Ishaan's internal world is full of wonders that he is unable to convey to magical lands filled with colour and animated animals.Taare Zameen Par – A publicity poster based on a scene from the film. Khan knew immediately when setting up the shot—part of the montage that details Ishaan's tutoring by Nikumbh—that it would be the "key art of the film". Khan noted, "This one shot tells you the entire story."
198. Tank Girl (film) – Tank Girl is a 1995 American science fiction action comedy film directed by Rachel Talalay. Tank Girl is set after a catastrophic impact event. She worked closely with Martin and Hewlett during the making of the film. Tank Girl was filmed primarily in White Sands, Tucson, Arizona. The Rippers' makeup and prosthetics team was headed by Stan Winston. Winston's studio wanted to work on the project much that they cut their usual prices in half in order to meet the film's budget. Financially unsuccessful, Tank Girl received mixed to negative reviews from critics. Martin and Hewlett have since spoken negatively of their experiences creating the film. Talalay blamed some of the film's negative reception on studio edits over which she had no control. In 2022, a comet strikes Earth causing an 11-year drought. In an attack on the commune, W&P troops capture Tank Girl and her young friend Sam. Rather than killing her, Kesslee enslaves the defiant Tank Girl. Among other forms of torture, W&P personnel fill it with water. The mysterious Rippers slaughter guards at the W&P compound, then escape undetected. They gravely wound Kesslee and let Tank Girl and Jet Girl escape.Tank Girl (film) – Theatrical release poster
199. Tender Mercies – Tender Mercies is a 1983 American drama film directed by Bruce Beresford. Robert Duvall plays the role of Mac; the supporting cast includes Tess Harper, Betty Buckley, Wilford Brimley, Allan Hubbard. Financed by EMI Films, Tender Mercies was shot largely in Waxahachie, Texas. The script was rejected by American directors before the Australian Beresford accepted it. He and Beresford repeatedly clashed at one point prompting the director to walk off the set and reportedly consider quitting the film. The film was released on March 1983, in a limited number of theaters. Although unsuccessful at the office, it was critically acclaimed and earned five Academy Award nominations, including one for Best Picture. Tender Mercies won Oscars for Best Actor for Duvall, his first and only win as of 2016. Alcoholic country singer, awakens at a run-down Texas roadside motel and gas station after a night of heavy drinking. He meets the owner, a young widow offers to work in exchange for a room. Rosa Lee, whose husband was killed in the Vietnam War, is raising Sonny, on her own. She agrees to let Mac stay under the condition that he does not drink while working. The two begin to develop feelings for one another, mostly during quiet evenings sharing bits of their life stories. Mac resolves to start his life anew. After some time passes, he and Rosa Lee wed.Tender Mercies – Theatrical release poster
200. Tenebrae (film) – Tenebrae is a 1982 Italian giallo film written and directed by Dario Argento. Daria Nicolodi co-star as Neal's agent and assistant; Giuliano Gemma and Carola Stagnaro appear as detectives investigating the murders. John Steiner, Mirella D'Angelo also feature. The telephone calls culminated in death threats towards Argento, who channelled the experience into the writing of Tenebrae. Former members of Italian rock band Goblin provided Tenebrae's music, a synth-heavy score inspired by rock and disco music. Tenebrae was a modest success in Italy; it reached theatres with little controversy after Argento made cuts to one of the most violent scenes. However, in the United Kingdom, it was banned from sale until 1999. The film's theatrical distribution in the United States was delayed until 1984, when it was released in a heavily censored version under the Unsane. Author Maitland McDonagh said that it was "in many respects... the finest film that Argento has ever made". An American writer of violent horror novels, is in Italy to promote his latest work, Tenebrae. He is accompanied by his literary agent, his assistant, Anne. Neal is unaware that he has also been followed by his embittered ex-wife, Jane. Just before Neal arrived in Rome, a young female shoplifter, was murdered with a razor by an unseen assailant. The murderer sends a letter informing him that his books have inspired him to go on a killing spree. Neal is soon contacted by the police in his female partner, Inspector Altieri.Tenebrae (film) – Original Italian theatrical release film poster
201. Terang Boelan – Terang Boelan is a 1937 film from the Dutch East Indies. The film was shot in the Indies and Singapore, was partially inspired by the 1936 Hollywood film The Jungle Princess. It was included keroncong music, popular at the time, several actors from Balink's previous work Pareh. Terang Boelan was a commercial success in both the Indies and abroad, earning 200,000 Straits dollars in British Malaya. Like Indonesian films of the era, Terang Boelan has been lost since at least the 1970s. Rohaya must separate from Kasim, so that she can marry her father's choice, the disreputable but rich Musa. The night they agree to elope. Rohaya and Kasim escape from Sawoba Island to Malacca, where Kasim begins work at a drydock and Rohaya keeps busy as a housewife. They discover that Dullah, has lived in Malacca for some time. Their life together is interrupted when Musa, revealed to be an dealer, discovers them. While Kasim is away at work, Rohaya's father takes her back to Sawoba. Kasim, having discovered Musa's deeds, rallies the villagers to his side by telling them of Musa's opium dealings. He and Musa begin fighting. When it appears Kasim may lose, he is saved by Dullah, who had followed him back to Sawoba. Rohaya's father agree that Kasim and Rohaya should be together, as they are truly in love.Terang Boelan – Theatrical poster, Batavia
202. Tjioeng Wanara – Tjioeng Wanara is a 1941 film from the Dutch East Indies directed and produced by Jo Eng Seka. Starring R Sukran, AB Djoenaedi, it featured more than 500 people in supporting roles. The second production by Tjioeng Wanara was released on 18 August 1941. It received mixed reviews. This black-and-white production, screened until at least 1948, is now thought lost. In 1255 Saka, Permana Dikoesoemah is the King of Galuh, his wife Naganingroem. The minister Aria Kebonan persuades the king to surrender the crown to him. Permana Dikoesoemah warns Aria Kebonan not to bother his wife. He then abdicates to meditate, ultimately ascending to a higher plane of existence. Aria Kebonan, meanwhile, magically gains the king's appearance, ensuring that the people of Galuh are unaware that they have a new king. Aria Kebonan proves to be an unpopular ruler. He hears that both Naganingroem and the king's former concubine, Dewi Pangrenjep, are pregnant. With Dewi Pangrenjep, Aria Kebonan plans to eliminate Naganingroem's son. During childbirth the son is replaced with a dog, while Dewi Pangrenjep throws him into a river. He rescued by farmers, who name him Tjioeng Wanara.Tjioeng Wanara – One sheet
203. Transformers (film) – Transformers is a 2007 American science fiction action film based on the Transformers toy line. The film, which combines computer animation with live-action, is directed by Michael Bay, with Steven Spielberg serving as executive producer. It is the first installment of the live-action Transformers film series. The film was produced by Don Murphy and Tom DeSanto. They developed the project in 2003, DeSanto wrote a treatment. Steven Spielberg came on board the following year, hiring Roberto Orci and Alex Kurtzman to write the screenplay. The U.S. Armed Forces and General Motors loaned vehicles and aircraft during filming, which saved money for the production and added realism to the battle scenes. Hasbro's promotional campaign for the film included deals with hundreds of companies. LaBeouf's performance was praised by Empire, Cullen's reprisal of Optimus Prime from the 1980s television series was well received by fans. A sequel, Revenge of the Fallen, was released on June 24, 2009. A third film, Dark of the Moon, was released on June 29, 2011, in 3-D and went on to gross over $1 billion. A fourth entry, Age of Extinction, was released on June 27, 2014, which also grossed over $1 billion. A fifth installment, titled Transformers: The Last Knight, is scheduled for a June 23, 2017 release. Optimus jettisoned the AllSpark, a mystical artifact that brings life to the planet, into space, but Megatron pursued it.Transformers (film) – Theatrical release poster
204. Trembling Before G-d – Trembling Before G-d is an 2001 American documentary film about gay and lesbian Orthodox Jews trying to reconcile their sexuality with their faith. The film received ten award nominations, winning seven, including Best Documentary awards at the 2001 Berlin and Chicago film festivals. However, some criticized the film as showing a one-sided view of Orthodox Judaism's response to homosexuality. These include South African Chief Rabbi Warren Goldstein well as Agudah spokesperson Avi Shafran. The film also has some subtitled Yiddish and Hebrew. The film includes interviews with rabbis and psychotherapists about Orthodox attitudes towards homosexuality. Many people who agreed to be interviewed are shown only with their faces pixelized. The majority of the participants are American Jews, with one Israeli Jew also featured. The film was successful at the office, grossing over $788,896 on eight screens by its close date. While a variety of views regarding homosexuality exist within the Orthodox Jewish community, Orthodox Judaism generally prohibits homosexual conduct. What you are is a Reform Rabbi." During the course of the film, David decides to visit the Chabad rabbi to whom he first came out. However, she was subsequently ostracized by her family and community when they discovered she was homosexual. The film shows her visiting an Orthodox fair. Shlomo Ashkenazy is a gay psychotherapist who has run a confidential group for Orthodox gay men for nearly 20 years.Trembling Before G-d – DVD cover
205. Tropic Thunder – Tropic Thunder is a 2008 American satirical action comedy film co-written, produced, directed by, starring Ben Stiller. The film also stars Jack Black. The main plot revolves around a group of donna actors who are making a fictional Vietnam War film. Written by Stiller, Etan Cohen, the film was produced by DreamWorks Pictures Red Hour Films and distributed by Paramount Pictures. The film's score debuted on August 5, 2008, before the film's theatrical release. In its North American weekend, the film earned US$26 million and retained the number one position for the first three weekends of release. The film grossed more than $188 million on November 18, 2008. Hook-handed Vietnam veteran Staff Sergeant John "Four Leaf" Tropic Thunder, is being made into a film. Furious executive Les Grossman orders Cockburn to resume filming as planned, or have the project shut down. Acting on Four Leaf's advice, Damien rigged special effects explosions to film "guerrilla-style". Unknown to production, the group have been dropped in the middle of the Golden Triangle, the home of the heroin-producing Flaming Dragon gang. Just as the group are about to set off, Damien is blown up, stunning the actors. Lazarus joins them in their trek through the jungle. When pyrotechnics operator Cody Underwood try to locate the dead director, they are captured by Flaming Dragon. As the actors continue through the jungle, Kirk and Kevin discover that Tugg is leading them in the wrong direction.Tropic Thunder – Theatrical release poster
206. U2 3D – U2 3D is a 2007 American-produced 3D concert film featuring rock band U2 performing during the Vertigo Tour in 2006. The film contains performances including tracks from How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb, the album supported by the tour. The footage includes political and social statements made during the shows. It is the band's second film, following their 1988 rockumentary Rattle and Hum. Among cinematic firsts, U2 3D was the first live-action digital 3D film. The project was created to experiment with a new type of 3D film technology pioneered by producer Steve Schklair. After considering shooting American football games in 3D, Schklair's company 3ality Digital decided to create a film with U2. The band agreed to the project mainly as a technological experiment rather than a profit-making venture. Although set in Buenos Aires, U2 3D was shot at two in Australia. The film's complex setup involved capturing the footage digitally. The film was only released in IMAX 3D and digital 3D theaters. It earned over $22 million internationally, ranking as one of the highest-grossing concert films. It received widely positive reviews, with critics praising the 3D innovation. Its reception convinced some of the creators that the project marked a paradigm shift in filmmaking. U2 3D depicts a U2 concert in Buenos Aires during the band's Vertigo Tour.U2 3D – U2 3D
207. Uncle David – Uncle David is a 2010 British black comedy film directed by David Hoyle, Gary Reich, Mike Nicholls. It stars Hoyle, an English performance artist, in the titular role alongside English pornographic actor Ashley Ryder. Developed collectively under the banner of the Avant-Garde Alliance, it was filmed in October 2009. Created without a script, every scene was filmed in a single take. Escaping from his abusive mother, Ashley enters into a sexual relationship with his uncle who offers his insights into the nature of reality. David agrees to carry out the killing. The film premiered on 25 March 2010 at the London Lesbian and Gay Film Festival held in the BFI Southbank in central London. The film won several awards at international film festivals. It was released by Peccadillo Pictures in 2011. Ashley confides in his uncle that his mother has been physically abusing him by stubbing cigarettes out on his hand. David lambasts the society in general; the two embrace in a kiss before going to bed together. They awake and have breakfast in bed before David bathes Ashley in the bathtub, telling him a story about an unhappy nuclear family. Going to then a park bench, David continues to explain his anti-establishment opinions about society. The two express their love for one another. The pair snort cocaine before playing in the local arcade.Uncle David – Poster advertising the film's premiere at the British Film Institute.
208. Union Films – Union Films was a film production company located in Batavia, Dutch East Indies. The company's films were directed by four men, mostly ethnic Chinese, launched the careers of actors such as Rendra Karno and Djoewariah. Established during the revival of the Indies industry, Union released Kedok Ketawa, in July 1940. This continued after Saeroen left for Star Film in 1941, with Union's final two productions emphasising realism. Following the Japanese occupation of the Indies in March 1942, Union was dissolved, though its films continued to be screened into the mid 1940s. Film production increased and, in 1940, four new production houses were opened, including Union Films. Union was headquartered in Prinsenlaan, Batavia, and, according to a press release, established to "improve the quality of Indonesian art". The fledgling Union's first film, Kedok Ketawa, was released in July 1940. Following these positive reviews, Union hired Saeroen – who had previously written Terang Boelan and several works for Tan's Film – as a screenwriter. Union released their third production, Bajar dengan Djiwa, by February 1941. Ariffien, meanwhile, was tasked with directing Asmara Moerni, based on a script by Saeroen. In advertising Wanita dan Satria, the company again emphasised the non-theatrical background of the film's cast, which also included Moesa, Djoewita and Hidajat. This was the company's last film to be written by Saeroen; both men migrated to rival company Star Film afterwards. Hu directed Soeara Berbisa, with peranakan sound technician Boen Kin Nam serving as assistant director. Written by Djojopranoto, the work followed two young men who compete for the love of a woman before learning that they are long-lost brothers.Union Films – Union Films
209. Jason Voorhees – Jason Voorhees is the main character from the Friday the 13th series. He first appeared in Friday the 13th as the young son of cook-turned-murderer Mrs. Voorhees, in which he was portrayed by Ari Lehman. Kane Hodder is the best known of the stuntmen to portray Jason Voorhees, having played the character in four consecutive films. Tom Savini's initial design has been the basis for many of the later incarnations. The trademark hockey mask did not appear until Friday the 13th Part III. Since Friday the 13th Part VI: Jason Lives, filmmakers have given superhuman strength, regenerative powers, near invulnerability. Jason Voorhees has been featured in various humor magazines, referenced in feature films, was the inspiration for a horror punk band. Several toy lines have been released based on various versions of the character from the Friday the 13th films. Jason Voorhees's mask is a widely recognized image in popular culture. Jason made his first cinematic appearance on May 9, 1980. In this film, 10-year-old Jason is portrayed as a hallucination of the film's protagonist, Alice. Though the character makes no contemporary appearance onscreen, he propels the film's plot—Mrs. Voorhees, the cook at Camp Crystal Lake, seeks revenge for his death, which she blames on the camp counselors. Jason's second appearance was in Friday the 13th Part 2. Revealed to be alive, an adult Jason exacts revenge on Alice for decapitating his mother in the original film.Jason Voorhees – Friday the 13th character
210. The Whistleblower – The Whistleblower is a 2010 Canadian-German-American biographical crime drama film directed by Larysa Kondracki and starring Rachel Weisz. While there, she discovered a trafficking ring serving DynCorp employees, with the UN's SFOR peacekeeping force turning a blind eye. Bolkovac was forced out of the country after attempting to shut down the ring. She won a wrongful-dismissal lawsuit against DynCorp. She encountered Bolkovac's story in college. She and Kirwan struggled to obtain financial support for the project. Eight years after Kondracki decided to produce the film, she cast Weisz in the lead role. The Whistleblower -- a co-production of Canada, Germany, the United States -- was filmed in Romania to December 2009. Samuel Goldwyn Films distributed the film in theaters in the United States. The film was advertised as a fictionalization of events occurring during the late 1990s. The film received mixed reviews. The intense violence depicted in several scenes was debated by critics, with some calling it exploitative. Kondracki and Weisz responded that what happened in Bosnia had been toned down for the film. The Whistleblower received several nominations, including three nominations at the 2012 Genie Awards. UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon hosted a screening of promised action would be taken to prevent further instances of human trafficking.The Whistleblower – Promotional poster
211. Witchfinder General (film) – Witchfinder General is a 1968 British horror film directed by Michael Reeves and starring Vincent Price, Ian Ogilvy, Hilary Dwyer. The screenplay was based on Ronald Bassett's novel of the same name. Made on a low budget of under £100,000, the movie was co-produced by Tigon British Film Productions and American International Pictures. Director Reeves featured violence that were considered unusually sadistic at the time. It was almost completely ignored by reviewers. Over the years, prominent critics have championed the film, including J. Hoberman, Danny Peary, Derek Malcolm. In 2005, the magazine Total Film named the 15th-greatest horror film of all time. John Stearne, visit village after village, brutally torturing confessions out of suspected witches. They charge the local magistrates for the work they carry out. Richard Marshall is a young Roundhead. After killing his first enemy soldier, he rides home to Brandeston, Suffolk, to visit his lover Sara. Sara is the niece of John Lowes. Marshall asks Sara why the old man is frightened. She tells him they have been become outcasts in their own village. Marshall vows to Sara, "rest no-one shall harm you.Witchfinder General (film) – Original 1968 British Quad Poster
212. Zodiac (film) – Zodiac is a 2007 American mystery-thriller film directed by David Fincher. The screenplay by James Vanderbilt is based on the 1986 non-fiction book of the same name by Robert Graysmith. The cases remain one of Northern California's most infamous unsolved crimes. Producer Bradley J. Fischer spent 18 months conducting their own investigation and research into the Zodiac murders. Fincher employed the digital Thomson Viper Filmstream camera to photograph the film. However, Zodiac was not shot entirely digitally; traditional high-speed film cameras were used for slow-motion murder sequences. The film grossed against a budget of $65 million. On July 4, 1969, an unknown man attacks Darlene Ferrin and Mike Mageau with a handgun, at a lovers' lane in Vallejo, California. Mageau survives; Ferrin dies. One month later, the San Francisco Chronicle receives encrypted letters written by the killer calling himself the "Zodiac" and taunting the police. When the newspaper publishes the letters, a married couple is able to decipher one. At a local bar, Avery initially makes fun of Graysmith before they discuss the coded letters. Graysmith interprets the letter, which Avery finds helpful, Avery begins sharing information. The Zodiac killer attacks student Bryan Hartnell and Cecelia Shepard at Lake Berryessa in Napa County on September 1969. Shepard dies two days later, Hartnell survives.Zodiac (film) – Theatrical release poster
213. ? (film) – ? is a 2011 Indonesian drama film directed by Hanung Bramantyo. It stars Revalina Sayuthi Temat, Reza Rahadian, Agus Kuncoro, Endhita, Hengky Sulaeman. After undergoing the deaths of several family members in religious violence, they are reconciled. Based on Bramantyo's experiences as a mixed-race child,? was meant to counter the portrayal of Islam as a "radical religion". Owing to the film's theme of controversial subject matter, Bramantyo had difficulty finding backing. Eventually, Mahaka Pictures put 5 billion to fund the production. Filming began on 5 January 2011 in Semarang. Released on 7 April 2011,? was a critical and commercial success: it received favourable reviews and was viewed by more than 550,000 people. Also screened internationally, it was nominated for nine Citra Awards at the 2011 Indonesian Film Festival, winning one. However, several Muslim groups, including the Indonesian Ulema Council and Islamic Defenders Front, protested against the film because of its pluralist message.? ? Focuses on interfaith relations in Indonesia, a country where religious conflicts are common, there is a long history of violence and discrimination against Chinese Indonesians. Sun and Hendra run a Chinese restaurant that serves pork, forbidden for Muslims, although the restaurant has staff. One of his employees is Menuk, who supports her unemployed Soleh. Rika is involved with the unsuccessful Muslim actor Surya.?? (film) – Theatrical release poster
214. 29th Golden Raspberry Awards – Nominations were announced on January 21, 2009. The Love Guru was the most nominated film of 2008, with seven. Award results were based from 20 countries. Awards were presented by the ceremony's founder. The Love Guru received the most awards, winning Worst Picture, Worst Screenplay. Paris Hilton received three awards, including Worst Supporting Actress for Repo! The Genetic Opera. Pierce Brosnan received Worst Supporting Actor for his role in Mamma Mia! The Kingdom of the Crystal Skull received the award for Worst Prequel, Remake, Rip-off or Sequel. The most nominated film of 2008 was The Love Guru, with seven nominations. Award results were based from the film industry. Voters were from 45 states in the United States and 19 other countries. The ceremony opened with a musical number which parodied the song "Dancing Queen" from Mamma Mia! The Movie. Awards were presented by John Wilson, the ceremony's founder.29th Golden Raspberry Awards – John Wilson at 29th Golden Raspberry Awards
215. List of accolades received by 127 Hours – 127 Hours is a 2010 British independent biographical adventure film directed by Danny Boyle. Adapted Between a Rock and a Hard Place, 127 Hours's screenplay was written by Boyle and Simon Beaufoy. Pathé gave the feature limited releases in the United States and United Kingdom on 5 November 2010 and 7 January 2011, respectively. It grossed # 35.8 million by the end of its worldwide theatrical run. A review aggregator, surveyed 300 reviews and judged 96 % to be positive. Additionally, 127 Hours appeared on more than two dozen movie reviewers' Top Ten lists for the best movies of 2010. The film has received honors for its direction, cinematography and writing, as well as for the lead performance by Franco. At the 68th Golden Globe Awards ceremony, 127 Hours earned three nominations: for Best Actor -- Motion Picture Drama, Best Screenplay. The picture was nominated including direction, score, sound, original song and visual effects. It also received nine nominations from the Broadcast Film Critics Association. The 64th British Academy Film Awards nominated it including Best Director, Best Editing, Best Music and Best Sound. Additionally, 127 Hours lost to The King's Speech. Franco was named Actor by the New York Film Critics Online and 2010 Independent Spirit Awards. He also received recognition at their 17th annual ceremony. Franco's arm scene towards the end of 127 Hours was nominated at the viewer-voted 2011 MTV Movie Awards.List of accolades received by 127 Hours – James Franco 's performance has gained the most attention from award groups
216. Academy Award for Best Actor – The Academy Award for Best Actor is an award presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. It is given in honor of an actor who has delivered an outstanding performance in a leading while working within the industry. In the first three years of the awards, actors were nominated as the best in their categories. At that time, all of their work during the qualifying period was listed after the award. Starting with the 9th ceremony held in 1937, the category was officially limited to five nominations per year. Since its inception, the award has been given to 79 actors. Daniel Day-Lewis has received the most awards in this category with three Oscars. Spencer Tracy and Laurence Olivier were nominated on nine occasions, more than any other actor. As of the 2016 ceremony, Leonardo DiCaprio is the most recent winner in this category for his role as Hugh Glass in The Revenant. For the first five ceremonies, the eligibility period spanned twelve months from August 1 to July 31. For the 6th ceremony held in 1934, the eligibility period lasted from August 1, 1932 to December 31, 1933. Since the 7th ceremony held in 1935, the period of eligibility became the full previous calendar year from January 1 to December 31.Academy Award for Best Actor – Emil Jannings (center) was the first winner in this category for his roles in 1928's The Last Command and 1927's The Way of All Flesh.
217. Academy Award for Best Actress – The Academy Award for Best Actress is an award presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. It is given in honor of an actress who has delivered an outstanding performance in a leading while working within the industry. The 1st Academy Awards ceremony was held with Janet Gaynor receiving the award for her roles in 7th Heaven, Sunrise. In the first three years of the awards, actresses were nominated as the best in their categories. At that time, all of their work during the qualifying period was listed after the award. Starting with the 9th ceremony held in 1937, the category was officially limited to five nominations per year. Since its inception, the award has been given to 74 actresses. Katharine Hepburn has won the most awards in this category, with four Oscars. Meryl Streep has been nominated on 15 occasions. As of the 2016 ceremony, Brie Larson is the most recent winner in this category for her role as Joy "Ma" Newsome in Room. For the first five ceremonies, the eligibility period spanned twelve months from August 1 to July 31. For the 6th ceremony held in 1934, the eligibility period lasted from August 1, 1932 to December 31, 1933. Since the 7th ceremony held in 1935, the period of eligibility became the full previous calendar year from January 1 to December 31.Academy Award for Best Actress – Janet Gaynor was the first winner in this category for her roles in 7th Heaven (1927), Sunrise: A Song of Two Humans (1927), and Street Angel (1928).
218. Academy Award for Best Director – The Academy Award for Best Director is an award presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. It is given in honor of a film director who has exhibited outstanding directing while working in the film industry. However, these categories were merged for all subsequent ceremonies. For the first eleven years of the Academy Awards, directors were allowed to be nominated for multiple films in the same year. The Academy Awards for Best Director and Best Picture have been very closely linked throughout their history. Of the 88 films that have been awarded Best Picture, 63 have also been awarded Best Director. Since its inception, the award has been given to 69 directors or directing teams. John Ford has received the most awards in this category with four. William Wyler was nominated on twelve occasions, more than any other individual. The Coen brothers are the only siblings to have won the award. For the first five ceremonies, the eligibility period spanned twelve months from August 1 to July 31. For the 6th ceremony held in 1934, the eligibility period lasted from August 1, 1932 to December 31, 1933. Since the 7th ceremony held in 1935, the period of eligibility became the full previous calendar year from January 1 to December 31. Oscars.org The Academy Awards Database Oscar.comAcademy Award for Best Director – Frank Borzage, co-winner of the first award.
219. Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress – The Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress is an award presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. It is given in honor of an actress who has delivered an outstanding performance in a supporting role while working within the industry. At the 9th Academy Awards ceremony held in 1937, Gale Sondergaard was the first winner of this award for her role in Anthony Adverse. Initially, winners in both supporting acting categories were awarded plaques instead of statuettes. Beginning with the 16th ceremony held in 1944, however, winners received full-sized statuettes. Since its inception, the award has been given to 78 actresses. Dianne Wiest and Shelley Winters have received the most awards in this category with each. Despite winning no awards, Thelma Ritter was nominated on six occasions, more than any other actress. As of the 2016 ceremony, Alicia Vikander is the most recent winner in this category for her role as Gerda Wegener in The Danish Girl. Reel Winners: Movie Award Trivia. Toronto, Ontario, Canada: University of Toronto Press. ISBN 978-1-55002-574-3. Inside Oscar: The Unofficial History of the Academy Awards. New York, United States: Ballantine Books. ISBN 978-0-34540-053-6.Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress – Alice Brady won for her performance in 1937's In Old Chicago.
220. Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor – The Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor is an award presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. It is given in honor of an actor who has delivered an outstanding performance in a supporting role while working within the industry. At the 9th Academy Awards ceremony held in 1937, Walter Brennan was the first winner of this award for his role in Get It. Initially, winners in both acting categories were awarded plaques instead of statuettes. Beginning with the 16th ceremony held in 1944, however, winners received full-sized statuettes. Since its inception, the award has been given to 72 actors. Brennan has received the most awards in this category with three awards. Brennan, Robert Duvall, Arthur Kennedy, Claude Rains were nominated on four occasions, more than any other actor. As of the 2016 ceremony, Mark Rylance is the most recent winner in this category for his role as Rudolf Abel in Bridge of Spies. Reel Winners: Movie Award Trivia. Toronto, Ontario, Canada: University of Toronto Press. ISBN 978-1-55002-574-3.Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor – Walter Brennan was the first winner in this category for 1936's Come and Get It; He would also win for his roles in Kentucky (1938) and The Westerner (1940).
221. 1st Academy Awards – AMPAS president Douglas Fairbanks hosted the show. Tickets cost $5, 270 people attended the presentation ceremony lasted fifteen minutes. Awards were created by Louis B. Mayer, founder of Louis B. Mayer Pictures Corporation. It is the only Academy Awards ceremony not to be broadcast either on television. During the ceremony, the AMPAS presented Academy Awards in twelve categories. Winners were announced three months before the live event. Unlike later ceremonies, an director could be awarded for multiple works within a calendar year. Emil Jannings, for example, was given the Best award for his work in both The Way of All Flesh and The Last Command. Moreover, Warner Brothers each received an Honorary Award. Major winners at the ceremony included 7th Heaven and Sunrise, which each Wings, receiving two awards. Among its honors, Artistic Picture and Wings won the award for Outstanding Picture. In 1927, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences was established by Louis B. Mayer, originator of Louis B. Mayer Pictures Corporation, which then would be joined into Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. Mayer's purpose in creating the award was to unite the five branches including actors, directors, producers, technicians, writers.1st Academy Awards – The first Academy Awards was at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel.
222. 59th Academy Awards – During the ceremony, AMPAS presented Academy Awards in 23 categories honoring films released in 1986. The ceremony, televised in the United States by ABC, was directed by Marty Pasetta. Actors Chevy Chase, Goldie Hawn co-hosted the show. Hawn hosted the gala for the second time, having previously been a co-host of the 48th ceremony held in 1976. Meanwhile, this was Chase and Hogan's first Oscars hosting stint. Platoon won four awards including Best Picture. Platoon and A Room with a View led all nominees with each. The winners were announced during the awards ceremony on March 1987. Marlee Matlin was the deaf performer to win an Oscar and the youngest winner in the Best Actress category. Winners are listed first, indicated with a double dagger. The following individuals presented awards or performed musical numbers. One of the biggest priorities for Goldwyn was to shorten the length of the show to at least three hours or less. In view of his goal, he told reporters regarding winner's acceptance speeches, "We are actually going to give 45 seconds. The light will go red at 55 seconds. After one minute we will either go to something else.59th Academy Awards – Official poster
223. 60th Academy Awards – During the ceremony, AMPAS presented Academy Awards in 22 categories honoring films released in 1987. The ceremony, televised in the United States by ABC, was directed by Marty Pasetta. Actor Chevy Chase hosted the show for the consecutive year. The Last Emperor won nine awards including Best Director for Bernardo Bertolucci. For their performances in Moonstruck, Cher and Olympia Dukakis won Best Supporting Actress, respectively. Michael Douglas won Best Actor in Wall Street; Sean Connery won Best Supporting Actor for The Untouchables. The telecast garnered million viewers in the United States. The nominees for the 60th Academy Awards were announced on February 16, 1988, at 5:38 a.m. PST at the Samuel Goldwyn Theater in Beverly Hills, California, by Robert Wise, president of the Academy, actress Shirley MacLaine. The Last Emperor received the most nominations with nine total; Broadcast News came with seven. The winners were announced at the awards ceremony on April 1988. The Last Emperor became the second film after 1958's Gigi to win all of them. For the first time in Oscar history, all five Best Director nominees were born outside the United States. Winners are listed first, indicated with a double dagger. The award honors "creative producers whose bodies of work reflect a consistently high quality of motion production."60th Academy Awards – Official poster
224. 61st Academy Awards – During the ceremony, AMPAS presented Academy Awards in 23 categories. The ceremony, televised in the United States by ABC, was directed by Jeff Margolis. Man won four awards, including Best Actor for Dustin Hoffman, Best Director for Barry Levinson, Best Picture. The telecast garnered almost million viewers in the United States. The nominees for the 61st Academy Awards were announced on February 15, 1989, at 5:38 a.m. PST, at the Samuel Goldwyn Theater in Beverly Hills, California, by Richard Kahn, president of the Academy, the actress Anne Archer. Man led all nominees, with eight nominations; Dangerous Liaisons and Mississippi Burning tied for second with seven each. The winners were announced at the ceremony on March 29, 1989. Best winner Dustin Hoffman was the fifth person to win the aforementioned category twice. Sigourney Weaver became the fifth performer to receive two acting nominations in the same year. However, she also became the first to lose both nominations. Winners are listed first, indicated with double dagger. Man was the highest earner among the Best Picture nominees, with $97 million in domestic box office receipts. The film was followed by Working Girl, The Accidental Tourist, finally Dangerous Liaisons. Of the top 50 grossing movies of the year, 52 nominations went to 13 films.61st Academy Awards – Official poster
225. 62nd Academy Awards – During the ceremony, AMPAS presented Academy Awards in 23 categories. The ceremony, televised in the United States by ABC, was directed by Jeff Margolis. Actor Billy Crystal hosted the show for the first time. The telecast garnered more than million viewers in the United States. The nominees for the 62nd Academy Awards were announced on February 14, 1990, at 5:38 a.m. PST at the Samuel Goldwyn Theater in Beverly Hills, California, by Karl Malden, president of the Academy, the actress Geena Davis. Driving Miss Daisy received the most nominations with nine total; Born on the Fourth of July came with eight. Winners were announced during the awards ceremony on March 1990. Driving Miss Daisy became the third film to win Best Picture without a Best nomination. At age 80, Jessica Tandy became the oldest winner of competitive acting Oscar at the time. Kenneth Branagh was the fifth person nominated for the same film. Winners are listed first, indicated with a double-dagger. The following individuals presented awards or performed musical numbers. The committee later determined that Carr's biggest mistake was allowing the questionable number to run for 12 minutes. In September 1989, Cates was chosen as producer of the 1990 telecast.62nd Academy Awards – Official poster
226. 63rd Academy Awards – During the ceremony, Awards, were presented in 23 categories. The ceremony, televised in the United States on ABC, was directed by Jeff Margolis. Actor Billy Crystal hosted for the consecutive year. Dances with Wolves won seven awards including Best Picture. The telecast garnered nearly million viewers in the United States. The nominees for the 63rd Academy Awards were announced on February 13, 1991, at 5:38 a.m. PST at the Samuel Goldwyn Theater in Beverly Hills, California, by Karl Malden, president of the Academy, actor Denzel Washington. Dances with Wolves led the nominations with twelve total; The Godfather Part III tied for second with seven each. The winners were announced during the awards ceremony on March 1991. Best Supporting Actress winner Whoopi Goldberg was the second African American woman to win an award. Hattie McDaniel previously won With the Wind. Winners are listed first, indicated with a double-dagger. Myrna Loy "In recognition of her extraordinary qualities with appreciation for a lifetime's worth of indelible performances." Two months before the awards gala, Cates selected comedian Billy Crystal to host the show for the second consecutive year. In a statement released by AMPAS, Crystal joked, "I hope to bring the show in under nine hours."63rd Academy Awards – Official poster
227. 64th Academy Awards – During the ceremony, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences presented Academy Awards in 23 categories. The ceremony, televised in the United States by ABC, was directed by Jeff Margolis. Actor Billy Crystal hosted the show for the consecutive year. The Silence of the Lambs won five awards including Best Picture. The telecast garnered more than million viewers in the United States. The nominees for the 64th Academy Awards were announced on February 19, 1992, at 5:38 a.m. PST at the Samuel Goldwyn Theater in Beverly Hills, California, by Karl Malden, president of the Academy, the actress Kathleen Turner. Bugsy led all nominees with ten nominations; JFK came with eight. The winners were announced during the awards ceremony on March 1992. Moreover, it was the third film to win major categories for picture, directing, lead acting performances, screenwriting. The other two films to attain this feat were 1934's 1975's One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest. The Beast earned the first Best Picture nomination for an animated feature film. Boyz n the Hood's John Singleton became the first African-American to be nominated in that category. Best Lead Actress respectively, Diane Ladd and Laura Dern became the first mother and daughter nominated in the same year. Winners are listed first, indicated with double dagger.64th Academy Awards – Official poster
228. 65th Academy Awards – During the ceremony, AMPAS presented Academy Awards in 23 categories. The ceremony, televised in the United States by ABC, was directed by Jeff Margolis. Actor Billy Crystal hosted the show for the consecutive year. Unforgiven won four Oscars including Best Picture, Best Supporting Actor for Gene Hackman. Al Pacino and Emma Thompson won acting honors for Scent of a Woman and Howards End, respectively. Marisa Tomei won Best Supporting Actress for My Cousin Vinny. The telecast garnered million viewers in the United States. Howards End and Unforgiven led all nominees with each. The winners were announced during the awards ceremony on March 1993. Best Director winner Clint Eastwood became the seventh person nominated for lead directing for the same film. Best winner Al Pacino was the sixth performer to receive nominations in the lead and supporting categories in the same year. He also became the first person to win in the lead acting category after achieving the aforementioned feat. By virtue of his straight win in both music categories, Alan Menken became the third person to win two Oscars in two consecutive years. Winners are listed first, indicated with a double dagger. Academy Honorary Award Federico Fellini — In recognition of his place as one of the screen’s master storytellers.65th Academy Awards – Official poster
229. 66th Academy Awards – During the ceremony, AMPAS presented Academy Awards in 23 categories. The ceremony, televised in the United States by ABC, was directed by Jeff Margolis. Actress Whoopi Goldberg hosted the show for the first time. Schindler's List won seven awards, including Best Director for Steven Spielberg. The telecast was watched by more than million viewers in the United States. Schindler's List led all nominees with twelve nominations; The Remains of the Day tied for second with eight. The winners were announced during the awards ceremony on March 1994. Best Director nominee Jane Campion was the second woman to be nominated in that category. Winners are listed first, indicated with a double-dagger. I always did my best to carry on the tradition of Bob Hope and Johnny Carson. I hope the new host has as good a time as I did." With Crystal absent to host the Oscars, many outlets wondered whom producer Gil Cates would hire to emcee the program. They all turned down the opportunity. After several days of speculation, Cates announced that he hired Oscar-winning comedian Whoopi Goldberg to host the festivities for the first time. By virtue of her selection, Goldberg became both the African American to host as well as the first woman to host the telecast solo.66th Academy Awards – Official poster
230. 67th Academy Awards – During the ceremony, AMPAS presented Academy Awards in 23 categories honoring the films released in 1994. The ceremony, televised in the United States by ABC, was directed by Jeff Margolis. Comedian David Letterman hosted the show for the first time. Forrest Gump won six awards, including Best Picture. The telecast garnered more than million viewers in the United States, making it the most watched Oscars telecast since the 55th Academy Awards in 1983. Forrest Gump earned the most nominations with thirteen. It was the most nominated film since 1966's Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? and the fifth film to earn that many nominations. Bullets Over The Shawshank Redemption, Pulp Fiction tied for second with seven each. The winners were announced during the awards ceremony on March 1995. For only the second time in Oscar history, three of the four acting winners were previous winners. The 11th ceremony held in 1939 previously accomplished this feat. He also was the sixth person to win Actor twice. Best Supporting Actress winner Dianne Wiest became the first person to win two acting Oscars for performances in films directed by the same person. She first won in Woody Allen's 1986 film Hannah and Her Sisters. Winners are listed first, indicated with a double dagger.67th Academy Awards – Official poster
231. 68th Academy Awards – During the ceremony, AMPAS presented Academy Awards in 24 categories. The ceremony, televised in the United States by ABC, was directed by Jeff Margolis. Actress Whoopi Goldberg hosted the show for the second time, having previously presided over the 66th ceremony in 1994. Braveheart won five awards, including Best Director for Best Picture. The telecast garnered almost million viewers in the United States. The nominees for the 68th Academy Awardswere announced on February 13, 1996, at 5:38 a.m. PST at the Samuel Goldwyn Theater in comptont California, by, president of the Academy, the music producer Quincy Jones. Braveheart led all nominees with ten nominations; Apollo 13 came with nine. The winners were announced during the awards ceremony on March 1996. Braveheart was the ninth film to win Best Picture with no acting nominations. Best Adapted Screenplay winner Emma Thompson was the first person to win Oscars for both screenwriting. She had previously won Best Actress for her performance in the 1992 film Howards End. Winners are listed first, indicated with a double dagger. Chuck Jones Kirk Douglas John Lasseter for Toy Story The following individuals, listed in order of appearance, performed musical numbers. In November 1995, AMPAS recruited Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award recipient Quincy Jones as producer of the 1996 ceremony.68th Academy Awards – Official poster
232. 69th Academy Awards – During the ceremony, AMPAS presented the Academy Awards in 24 categories honoring films released in 1996. The ceremony, televised in the United States by ABC, was directed by Louis J. Horvitz. Actor Billy Crystal hosted the show for the fifth time. He first had last hosted the 65th ceremony held in 1993. The English Patient won the most awards of the evening with nine including Best Picture. The English Patient received the most nominations with twelve; Fargo and Shine came with seven apiece. The winners were announced during the awards ceremony on March 1997. Saul Zaentz became the third person to produce three Best Picture winners, having previously produced One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest and Amadeus. He also became the seventh individual to receive the Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award in the same year. Best Actress winner Frances McDormand was the first person to win for a role in a film directed by her spouse. Comedy Score winner Rachel Portman became the first female winner for composing a musical score. Winners are listed first, indicated with a double-dagger. The following individuals, in order of appearance, presented awards or performed musical numbers. After taking a year off, Gil Cates was selected by AMPAS in November 1996 to oversee production of the ceremony for the seventh time. He's become the standard against which all hosting performances are measured."69th Academy Awards – Official poster
233. 70th Academy Awards – During the show, AMPAS presented Academy Awards in 24 categories honoring films released in 1997. The ceremony, televised in the United States by ABC, was directed by Louis J. Horvitz. Actor Billy Crystal hosted the show for the sixth time. He had hosted the previous year's gala. Titanic won a record-tying awards including Best Director for James Cameron and Best Picture. The telecast garnered more than million viewers in the United States, making it the most watched Oscars broadcast in history. Titanic received the most nominations with a record-tying fourteen; Good Will Hunting and L.A. Confidential came with nine apiece. The winners were announced during the awards ceremony on March 1998. With eleven awards, Titanic tied for the most academy awards in Oscar history. It also became the first film to win Best Picture without The Sound of Music. Both won for their roles in As Good as it Gets, making the seventh film to win both lead acting awards. At age 87, Stuart also became the oldest performer nominated for a competitive Oscar. Winners are listed first, indicated with a double dagger. The following individuals presented awards or performed musical numbers. In December 1997, the Academy hired veteran Oscar telecast producer Gil Cates to oversee the 1998 ceremony.70th Academy Awards – Official poster
234. 71st Academy Awards – During the ceremony, AMPAS presented Academy Awards in 24 categories. The ceremony, televised in the United States by ABC, was directed by Louis J. Horvitz. Actress Whoopi Goldberg hosted the show for the third time. She first had last hosted the 68th ceremony in 1996. Shakespeare in Love won seven awards including Best Picture. The telecast garnered nearly million viewers in the United States. Shakespeare in Love earned the most nominations with thirteen; Saving Private Ryan came with eleven. The winners were announced during the awards ceremony on March 1999. Life Is Beautiful was the second film nominated simultaneously in the same year. Moreover, its seven nominations were the most for a foreign film, to date. Best winner Roberto Benigni was the second person to direct himself to an acting Oscar win. Laurence Olivier first achieved this feat in 1948's Hamlet. He also became the fourth individual to earn acting, screenwriting nominations for the same film. In addition, Benigni was the third performer to win an Oscar for a non-English role. Winners are listed first, indicated with a double dagger.71st Academy Awards – Official poster
235. 72nd Academy Awards – During the ceremony, the AMPAS presented Academy Awards in 23 categories. Actor Billy Crystal hosted the show for the seventh time. He first had last hosted the 70th ceremony held in 1998. American Beauty won five awards, including Best Picture. The telecast garnered almost million viewers in the United States. The nominees for the 72nd Academy Awards were announced on February 15, 2000, at 5:38 a.m. PST at the Samuel Goldwyn Theater in Beverly Hills, California, by Robert Rehme, president of the Academy, the actor Dustin Hoffman. American Beauty received the most nominations with eight total; The Insider tied for second with seven nominations each. The winners were announced during the awards ceremony on March 2000. Sam Mendes was the sixth person to win the Best Director Academy Award on his directorial debut. Best winner Kevin Spacey became the tenth performer to win acting Oscars in both lead and supporting categories. Winners are listed first, indicated with a double dagger. The following individuals presented awards or performed musical numbers. In view of the new millennium, the Academy sought to both give the ceremony a new look. Husband -- and -- Lili Fini Zanuck were recruited to oversee the production of the 2000 ceremony.72nd Academy Awards – Official poster
236. 73rd Academy Awards – During the ceremony, AMPAS presented Academy Awards in 23 categories. The ceremony, televised in the United States by ABC, was directed by Louis J. Horvitz. Actor Steve Martin hosted the show for the first time. Gladiator won five awards including Best Picture. The telecast garnered almost million viewers in the United States. The nominees for the 73rd Academy Awards were announced by Robert Rehme, president of the Academy, Academy Award-winning actress Kathy Bates. Gladiator received the most nominations with twelve. Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon came with ten. The winners were announced during the awards ceremony on March 2001. Gladiator became the first film to win Best screenwriting win since 1949's All the King's Men. Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon became the third film nominated simultaneously in the same year. Moreover, its ten nominations were the most for a foreign film. With four wins, the film tied with Fanny and Alexander as the most awarded foreign language films in Academy Awards history. Winners are listed first, indicated with a double dagger. Jack Cardiff Ernest Lehman Dino De Laurentiis The following individuals, listed in order of appearance, performed musical numbers.73rd Academy Awards – Official poster
237. 74th Academy Awards – During the ceremony, AMPAS presented Academy Awards in 24 categories honoring films released in 2001. The ceremony, televised in the United States by ABC, was directed by Louis J. Horvitz. Actress Whoopi Goldberg hosted the show for the fourth time. She first had last hosted the 71st ceremony in 1999. A Beautiful Mind won four awards, including Best Director for Ron Howard. Despite a record length of twenty-three minutes, the telecast garnered nearly 42 million viewers in the United States. The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring earned the most nominations with thirteen. It was the seventh film to earn that many nominations. A Beautiful Mind and Moulin Rouge! Tied with eight apiece. The winners were announced during the awards ceremony on March 2002. Denzel Washington was the second African-American to win Best Actor in a Leading Role, following Sidney Poitier for 1963's Lilies of the Field. Halle Berry became the first African-American to win Best Actress in a Leading Role. Winners are listed first, indicated with a double dagger. The following individuals presented awards or performed musical numbers.74th Academy Awards – Official poster by Alex Ross
238. 75th Academy Awards – During the ceremony, AMPAS presented Academy Awards in 24 categories honoring films released in 2002. The ceremony, televised in the United States by ABC, was directed by Louis J. Horvitz. Actor Steve Martin hosted for the second time, having previously presided over the 73rd ceremony held in 2001. Chicago won six awards including Best Picture. The telecast garnered about million viewers in the United States, making it the least watched and lowest rated televised Oscar ceremony at the time. Chicago received the most nominations with thirteen. It was the eighth film to receive that many nominations. Gangs of New York came with ten. The winners were announced during the awards ceremony on March 2003. Chicago became the musical film to win Best Picture since 1968's Oliver! At age 29, Adrien Brody was the youngest person to win Actor. With her 13th nomination, Meryl Streep became the most nominated actor in Oscar history. Meanwhile, Best nominee Jack Nicholson earned his 12th nomination, extending his record as the most nominated male performer. Julianne Moore was the ninth performer to earn two acting nominations in the same year. "Lose Yourself" from Mile became the first rap song to win the Best Original Song award.75th Academy Awards – Official poster
239. 76th Academy Awards – During the ceremony, AMPAS presented Academy Awards in 24 categories. The ceremony, televised in the United States by ABC, was directed by Louis J. Horvitz. Actor Billy Crystal hosted for the eighth time. He first had last hosted the 72nd ceremony held in 2000. The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King won a record-tying eleven awards including Best Director for Peter Jackson and Best Picture. The telecast garnered nearly million viewers in North America the United States, making it the most-watched telecast in four years. The nominees for the 76th Academy Awards were announced on January 27, 2004, at 5:38 a.m. PST at the Samuel Goldwyn Theater in Beverly Hills, California, by Frank Pierson, president of the Academy, the actress Sigourney Weaver. The winners were announced during the awards ceremony on February 2004. With eleven awards, The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King tied as the most awarded films in Oscar history. The film was also the tenth film to win Best Picture without any acting nominations. Best Director nominee Sofia Coppola became the first woman third woman overall to be nominated in that category. Winners are listed first, indicated with a double dagger. Blake Edwards -- In recognition of his writing, producing an extraordinary body of work for the screen. The following individuals performed individual numbers.76th Academy Awards – Official poster
240. 77th Academy Awards – During the ceremony, AMPAS presented Academy Awards in 24 categories honoring films released in 2004. The ceremony, televised in the United States by ABC, was directed by Louis J. Horvitz. Actor Chris Rock hosted the show for the first time. The Aviator won the most awards of the night with five. Million Dollar Baby won four awards, including Best Picture. The telecast garnered in the United States. The Aviator received the most nominations with eleven; Million Dollar Baby tied for second with seven nominations each. The winners were announced during the awards ceremony on February 2005. At age 74, Clint Eastwood became the oldest winner in Oscar history. Best winner Jamie Foxx became the second actor and tenth individual overall to earn two acting nominations in the same year. By virtue of her portrayal of Katharine Hepburn, Best Supporting Actress winner Cate Blanchett was the first performer to portray a previous Oscar winner. "Al otro lado del río" from The Motorcycle Diaries became the second song with non-English lyrics to win Best Original Song. The first to achieve this feat was the song from the 1960 Greek film Never on Sunday at the 33rd Academy Awards. Winners are listed first, indicated with a double dagger. Sidney Lumet -- of his brilliant services to screenwriters, performers and the art of the motion picture.77th Academy Awards – Official poster
241. 78th Academy Awards – The ceremony was scheduled one week later than usual to avoid conflicting with the 2006 Winter Olympics. During the ceremony, AMPAS presented Academy Awards in 24 categories honoring films released in 2005. The ceremony, televised in the United States by ABC, was directed by Louis J. Horvitz. Actor Jon Stewart hosted the show for the first time. Crash won three awards including Academy Award for Best Picture. The telecast garnered nearly million viewers in the United States. All five Best Picture nominees received corresponding Best Director nominations. The winners were announced during the awards ceremony on March 2006. Notable achievements by multiple individuals and films occurred during the ceremony. Crash was the first Best Picture winner since 1976's Rocky to win only three Oscars. Best Director winner Ang Lee became the non-Caucasian winner of that category. For this first time since the 34th ceremony held in 1962, all four acting winners were first time nominees. Winners are listed first, indicated with a double dagger. Robert Altman -- In recognition of a career that has repeatedly inspired filmmakers and audiences alike.78th Academy Awards – Official poster
242. 79th Academy Awards – During the ceremony, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences presented Academy Awards in 24 categories. The ceremony, televised in the United States by ABC, was directed by Louis J. Horvitz. Actress Ellen DeGeneres hosted for the first time. The Departed won four awards, including Best Director for Martin Scorsese. The telecast garnered nearly million viewers in the United States. Babel came in second with seven. This marked the only occurrence that the film with the most nominations was not a Best Picture nominee. The winners were announced during the awards ceremony on February 2007. With his latest unsuccessful nomination for Best Actor, Peter O'Toole became the most nominated performer without a competitive win. Best Supporting Actress winner Jennifer Hudson was the fifteenth Oscar winner to win for a debut film performance. "I Need to Wake Up" from An Inconvenient Truth became the first song from a documentary film to win Best Original Song. Winners are listed first, indicated with a double dagger. Ennio Morricone — In recognition of his magnificent and multifaceted contributions to the art of film music. Sherry Lansing79th Academy Awards – Official poster
243. 80th Academy Awards – During the ceremony, AMPAS presented Academy Awards in 24 categories. The ceremony produced by Gil Cates and directed by Louis J, Horvitz. Actor Jon Stewart hosted the show for the second time, having previously presided over the 78th ceremony held in 2006. No Country for Old Men won the most awards of the ceremony with four including Best Picture. The telecast garnered under million viewers, making it the least watched Oscar broadcast since 1974, when Nielsen began keeping records of viewership. No Country for Old Men and There Will Be Blood tied with eight each. The winners were announced during the ceremony of February 24, 2008. Best Director winners Ethan and Joel Coen became the second pair of directors to win the award for the same film. Jerome Robbins and Robert Wise first accomplished this feat for co-directing 1961's West Side Story. For only the second time in Oscar history, all four acting winners were born outside the United States. Daniel Day-Lewis became the eighth person to win Actor twice. Cate Blanchett became the eleventh performer to receive double acting nominations in the same year. At age 82, Best Supporting nominee Hal Holbrook was the oldest male acting nominee in Oscar history. Robert F. Boyle became the oldest recipient of the Academy Honorary award at the age of 98. Winners are listed first, indicated with a double dagger.80th Academy Awards – Official poster
244. 81st Academy Awards – During the ceremony, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences presented Academy Awards in 24 categories. The ceremony produced by Bill Condon and Laurence Mark. Actor Hugh Jackman hosted the show for the first time. Slumdog Millionaire won the most of the evening, including Best Picture and Best Director for Danny Boyle. The telecast garnered almost million viewers in the United States. The nominees for the 81st Academy Awards were announced on January 22, 2009, at 5:38 a.m. PST at the Samuel Goldwyn Theater in Beverly Hills, California, by Sid Ganis, president of the Academy, the actor Forest Whitaker. The Curious Case of Benjamin Button received the most nominations with thirteen; Slumdog Millionaire came with ten. The winners were announced during the awards ceremony on February 2009. Slumdog Millionaire was the eleventh film to win Best Picture without any acting nominations. Sean Penn became the ninth person to win Best Lead Actor twice. Best Supporting winner Heath Ledger became the second performer to win a posthumous acting Oscar. The first actor to receive this distinction was Peter Finch who posthumously won Best Actor after his death in January 1977. Winners are highlighted in boldface'.. The following individuals presented awards or performed musical numbers.81st Academy Awards – Official poster
245. 82nd Academy Awards – The ceremony was scheduled well after its late-February date to avoid conflicting with the 2010 Winter Olympics. During the ceremony, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences presented Academy Awards in 24 categories. The ceremony produced by Bill Mechanic and Adam Shankman. Actors Alec Baldwin and Steve Martin hosted the show. Martin hosted for the third time; he first last hosted the 75th ceremony held in 2003. Meanwhile, this was Baldwin's first Oscars hosting stint. This was also the first telecast to have multiple hosts since the 59th ceremony held in 1987. The Hurt Locker won six awards, including Best Director for Kathryn Bigelow, the first woman to win an Academy Award for Best Director. The telecast garnered nearly million viewers in the United States, making it the most watched Oscar telecast since the 77th Academy Awards in 2005. The nominees for the 82nd Academy Awards were announced on February 2, 2010, at 5:38 a.m. PST at the Samuel Goldwyn Theater in Beverly Hills, California, by Tom Sherak, president of the Academy, actress Anne Hathaway. The Hurt Locker led the nominations with nine each. The winners were announced during the awards ceremony on March 2010. Kathryn Bigelow made history as the first female to win the Oscar for Best Director. Up became only the animated film to earn a Best Picture nomination.82nd Academy Awards – Official poster
246. 83rd Academy Awards – During the ceremony, Academy Awards were presented in 24 competitive categories. The ceremony produced by Bruce Cohen and Don Mischer, with Mischer also serving as director. Actors James Franco and Anne Hathaway co-hosted the ceremony, marking the first time for each. In related events, the Academy held its second annual Governors Awards ceremony on November 13, 2010. The King's Speech won four awards each, with the latter film winning Best Picture. The telecast garnered almost million viewers in the United States. The nominees for the 83rd Academy Awards were announced on January 25, 2011, at 5:38 a.m. PST at the Samuel Goldwyn Theater in Beverly Hills, California, by Tom Sherak, president of the Academy, actress Mo'Nique. The King's Speech led the nominations followed by True Grit with ten. The winners were announced during the awards ceremony on February 2011. Toy Story 3 became the animated film to be nominated for Best Picture. True Grit was the second film after 2002's Gangs of New York to lose all ten of its nominations. He was also the first acting nominee since Michael Caine at the 45th ceremony in 1973 to achieve this distinction. Winners are listed first, indicated with a double-dagger. The Academy held its Second Annual Governors Awards ceremony on November 2010, during which the following awards were presented.83rd Academy Awards – Official poster
247. 84th Academy Awards – During the ceremony, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences presented Academy Awards in 24 categories. The ceremony produced by Brian Grazer and Don Mischer, with Mischer also serving as director. Actor Billy Crystal hosted the show for the ninth time. He first had last hosted the 76th ceremony held in 2004. In related events, the Academy held its third annual Governors Awards ceremony on November 12, 2011. The telecast garnered more than million viewers in the United States. The nominees for the 84th Academy Awards were announced on January 24, 2012, at 5:38 a.m. PST at the Samuel Goldwyn Theater in Beverly Hills, California, by Tom Sherak, president of the Academy, the actress Jennifer Lawrence. Hugo led all nominees with eleven nominations; The Artist came with ten. The winners were announced during the awards ceremony on February 2012. The Artist was the silent feature to win Best Picture. The 1927 film Wings was the such film to achieve this distinction at the inaugural awards ceremony in 1929. Moreover, it was also the black-and-white feature to win Best Picture since 1993's Schindler's List. Best winner Jean Dujardin became the first French actor to win an Oscar. With her latest win for Best Actress, Meryl Streep became the fifth performer to win at least three acting Oscars.84th Academy Awards – Michel Hazanavicius, Best Director winner
248. 85th Academy Awards – The ceremony was the first in the Academy's 85-year history to adopt the phrase "The Oscars" during the broadcast and marketing. During the ceremony, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences presented Academy Awards in 24 categories. The ceremony produced by Craig Zadan and Neil Meron and directed by Don Mischer. Actor Seth MacFarlane hosted the show for the first time. In related events, the Academy held its 4th annual Governors Awards ceremony on December 1, 2012. Life of Pi won four awards including Best Director for Ang Lee. Argo won three awards, including the fourth film to win an Academy Award for Best Picture without its director nominated. The telecast garnered more than million viewers in the United States. The nominees for the 85th Academy Awards were announced on January 10, 2013, at 5:38 a.m. PST at the Samuel Goldwyn Theater in Beverly Hills, California, by Seth MacFarlane, host of the ceremony, actress Emma Stone. Life of Pi came in second with eleven. The winners were announced during the awards ceremony on February 2013. Argo was the fourth film to win Best Picture following 1927's Wings, 1932's Grand Hotel, 1989's Driving Miss Daisy. As co-producer of Argo, George Clooney became the third individual to win Oscars for both producing. He was also the first nominee and also the first to host the show solo.85th Academy Awards – Official poster
249. 86th Academy Awards – The ceremony was scheduled well after its late-February date to avoid conflicting with the 2014 Winter Olympics. During the ceremony, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences presented Academy Awards in 24 categories. The ceremony produced by Neil Meron and Craig Zadan and directed by Hamish Hamilton. Actress Ellen DeGeneres hosted the show for the second time, having previously hosted the 79th ceremony held in 2007. In related events, the Academy held its 5th annual Governors Awards ceremony on November 16, 2013. Jordan. A Slave won three awards including Best Picture. Gravity won the most awards including Best Director for Alfonso Cuarón. The telecast garnered nearly million viewers in the United States, making it the most watched Oscar ceremony since the 72nd Academy Awards in 2000. The nominees for the 86th Academy Awards were announced on January 16, 2014, at 5:38 a.m. PST, at the Samuel Goldwyn Theater in Beverly Hills, California, by Cheryl Boone Isaacs, president of the Academy, actor Chris Hemsworth. American Hustle and Gravity tied with ten each. The winners were announced during the awards ceremony on March 2014. It also was the third film after Gangs of True Grit to lose all ten of its nominations. Steve McQueen became the black director to direct a Best Picture winner and the third such person to receive a nomination for directing.86th Academy Awards – Official poster
250. 88th Academy Awards – During the ceremony, AMPAS presented Academy Awards in 24 categories. The ceremony, televised in the United States by ABC, was directed by Glenn Weiss. Actor Chris Rock hosted the show for the second time, having previously hosted the 77th ceremony held in 2005. In related events, the Academy held its 7th Annual Governors Awards ceremony on November 14, 2015. Spotlight won two awards including Mad Max: Fury Road won six awards, the most for the evening. The Revenant earned three awards including Best Actor for Leonardo DiCaprio. The telecast garnered million viewers in the United States, making it the least watched Oscar ceremony since the 80th Academy Awards in 2008. The nominees for the 88th Academy Awards were announced at 5:30 a.m.. The Revenant led all nominees with twelve nominations; Mad Max: Fury Road came with ten. The winners were announced during the awards ceremony on February 2016. With two Oscars, Spotlight was the first film since 1952's The Greatest Show on Earth to win Best Picture with only one other award. Alejandro G. Iñárritu became the third individual to win two consecutive Oscars for Best Director. At the age of 87, Ennio Morricone was believed to be the oldest competitive winner in Oscar history. Having previously won for Gravity and Birdman, Emmanuel Lubezki became the first person to win three consecutive Best Cinematography awards. Winners are listed first, indicated with a double dagger.88th Academy Awards – Chris Rock will host the 88th Academy Awards.
251. List of accolades received by Up – Up is a 2009 computer-animated film produced by Pixar Animation Studios and released by Walt Disney Pictures. The film, which premiered in North America, became the first animated 3D film to open the Cannes Film Festival. It was directed by Pete Docter, produced by Jonas Rivera. It garnered most of them for the "Best Animated Picture" category and for the film's score. Up was nominated for five Academy Awards winning two, for Best Animated Feature and for Best Original Score. It was the second fully animated film to be nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture; the other was the Beast. Up became the consecutive Pixar film to win the Academy Award for Animated Feature, after Ratatouille and WALL-E. The film also won the Golden Globe at the 67th Golden Globe Awards. The movie received nine nominations in eight categories winning two awards for Best Animated Feature and Best Directing in a Feature Production. Furthermore, the film was nominated in the categories "Best Animated or Mixed Media Film", "Best Original Screenplay" and "Best Original Score". List of Pixar awards and nominations Official Website Awards for Up at the Internet Movie DatabaseList of accolades received by Up – Pete Docter won the Academy Award for Best Animated Feature.
252. Ben Affleck filmography – Ben Affleck is an American actor and filmmaker. His first appearance was at the age of eight in a minor part in the independent film The Dark End of the Street. Affleck played an antisemite in the sports film School Ties and featured as a regular on the television drama Against the Grain. He next starred with Bruce Willis in Michael Bay's $554 million-grossing science film Armageddon, which proved to be his biggest commercial success to that point. He has served as the executive producer of several projects directed by the winners of the show. Affleck played opposite Kate Beckinsale in Bay's film Pearl Harbor, which despite negative reviews was a box office hit. He later made a comeback with the biographical Hollywoodland, in which his portrayal of the actor George Reeves earned him a Golden Globe nomination. In 2007, Affleck made his feature directorial debut with Gone Baby Gone, a thriller based on the novel by Dennis Lehane, critically praised. He went on to direct two acclaimed features for Warner Bros. -- the crime drama The Town and the thriller Argo. In 2014, Affleck played a man accused of murdering his wife in David Fincher's thriller Gone Girl. List of awards and nominations received by Ben Affleck Ben Affleck at the Internet Movie DatabaseBen Affleck filmography – Ben Affleck filmography
253. Ajith Kumar filmography – Ajith Kumar is an Indian actor working mainly in Tamil cinema. He was first seen played a small role in the 1990 Tamil film En Veedu En Kanavar. However, his professional career began through the Telugu film Prema Pusthakam. Following that, in the same year he made his debut through Amaravathi. The film helped him get more modelling assignments. He followed that like Paasamalargal and Pavithra. In 1995, he landed his first role in the romantic thriller Aasai. The success of the film helped him establish himself as an up-and-coming actor in Tamil cinema. He was next seen in the epistolary Kadhal Kottai. The film won three National Film Awards including the award for the Best Tamil Film in 1996. Kaadhal Mannan were moderately successful. Ajith's dual portrayal as twin brothers -- where one is mute -- in the S. J. Suryah-directed Vaali fetched him his first Filmfare Award. Furthermore, his performance was well received by the critics. The film's success prompted Rajiv Menon to cast Ajith in his Kandukondain Kandukondain. Featuring an cast, the film saw him paired opposite Tabu.Ajith Kumar filmography – Ajith Kumar in 2010
254. Alastair Sim on stage and screen – The Scottish actor Alastair Sim performed in many mediums of light entertainment, including theatre, film and television. His career spanned until his death. During that time he was sepulchral, sometimes minatory, laugh". During the next five years he spent two years at the Old Vic. In 1935 he made his debut, appearing in The Riverside Murder; he appeared in four films that year, five the following. By the mid 1940s he was a well-known figure in the theatre and cinema. Sim died in August 1976.Alastair Sim on stage and screen – Sim as the Laird in Geordie, 1955
255. List of accolades received by American Hustle – American Hustle is a 2013 American crime comedy-drama film directed by David O. Russell. The screenplay, written by Russell, is based on the FBI ABSCAM operation of the late 1970s and early 1980s. It was filmed in Boston, New York City. It stars an cast of Christian Bale, Amy Adams, Bradley Cooper, Jeremy Renner and Jennifer Lawrence. Columbia Pictures initially provided a limited release at six theaters on December 13, 2013. It was later given a wide release on December 20. The film has grossed a worldwide total of over $ million on a budget of $40 million. As of 2014, it is also Russell's highest-grossing film to date. A review aggregator, surveyed 196 reviews and judged 91 percent to be positive. At the 86th Academy Awards, American Hustle joint-led the nominations with both earning ten nominations each. It was also the fifteenth film in Oscar history to be nominated in all four acting categories. However, the film did not win any awards at the ceremony. At the 20th Screen Actors Guild Awards, the film won Outstanding Performance in a Motion Picture. It was also nominated at the Directors Guild Awards, Writers Guild Awards. The American Film Institute included the film in their list of ten films of 2013.List of accolades received by American Hustle – Jennifer Lawrence received numerous nominations for her performance in American Hustle
256. Amy Adams filmography – Amy Adams is an American actress who made her film debut in the 1999 black comedy Drop Dead Gorgeous. In 2002, she had her major role in Steven Spielberg's biographical crime drama Catch Me If You Can. However, the film did not launch her career as Spielberg had hoped. Three years later, she made the breakthrough with the comedy-drama Junebug, for which she received her first Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress nomination. Adams also appeared in The Wedding Date that same year. In 2012, she appeared in Paul Thomas Anderson's drama The Master, opposite Hoffman and Joaquin Phoenix. Her performance in the latter earned a fourth Best Supporting Actress nomination at the Academy Awards. Adams had three film releases in 2013. For the last of these, she received her first Academy Award for Best Actress nomination. In 2014, Adams portrayed American artist Margaret Keane in Tim Burton's comedy-drama Big Eyes. For the latter, she garnered a consecutive Golden Globe Award for Best Actress, becoming the fourth actress to achieve this feat. In 2016, she reprised her role of Lane in Batman v Superman: Dawn of her highest-grossing release. In the same year, Adams garnered critical acclaim in the science fiction drama Arrival and the psychological thriller Nocturnal Animals. List of awards and nominations received by Amy Adams Amy Adams filmography at the Internet Movie DatabaseAmy Adams filmography – Adams attending the Toronto International Film Festival in 2012
257. List of accolades received by An Education – An Education is a 2009 coming-of-age drama film directed by Lone Scherfig and written by Nick Hornby. It is based by British journalist Lynn Barber. The film screened at the Toronto International Film Festival on 10 September 2009. An Education earned over $ million in its combined total gross at the box office. The film failed to win any. At the 63rd British Academy Film Awards An Education came away from nine nominations. Mulligan was named Best Actress at the British Independent Film Awards, where the film was nominated for a further six awards. An Education received one nomination, Best Actress in a Drama Motion Picture, from the 67th Golden Globe Awards. Mulligan earned two awards for her performance at the Hollywood Film Festival and Houston Film Critics Society -- Best Actress respectively. Four members of the cast were nominated for awards at the London Film Critics' Circle, along with the screenplay. Hornby subsequently received eleven more nominations on the screenplay. The 16th Screen Actors Guild Awards saw the film's cast earn a nomination for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture. Hair and make-up also earned four nominations among them. Awards for An Education at the Internet Movie DatabaseList of accolades received by An Education – Director Lone Scherfig at the Toronto International Film Festival
258. List of accolades received by Argo (2012 film) – Argo is a 2012 political thriller directed by Ben Affleck, produced by Affleck, George Clooney, Grant Heslov. Bryan Cranston, John Goodman feature in supporting roles. Argo grossed over $ million at the worldwide box office on a production budget of $44.5 million. A review aggregator, surveyed 305 reviews and judged 96 % to be positive. Argo garnered awards and nominations with particular praise for its direction, screenplay, Arkin's performance. It became only the fourth film in Oscar history to win Best Picture without a nomination. Argo earned five nominations at the 70th Golden Globes, winning for Best Motion Picture – Drama, Best Director for Affleck. At the 66th British Academy Film Awards, the film won for Best Film and Best Direction. At the Producers Guild of America Awards, Argo won for Best Theatrical Motion Picture. Affleck received the Outstanding Directing – Feature Film Award from the Directors Guild of America. Both the National Board of Review included the film in their annual listing of the top ten films of 2012. 2012 in film Awards for Argo at the Internet Movie DatabaseList of accolades received by Argo (2012 film) – Ben Affleck received many awards and nominations for directing, producing, and acting in the film.
259. List of accolades received by The Artist (film) – The Artist is a 2011 French romantic comedy–drama film directed by Michel Hazanavicius, starring Jean Dujardin and Bérénice Bejo. The film premiered on 15 May 2011, where Dujardin won the Best Award. It was released in France on 12 October 2011. The film earned a worldwide total of more than $133 million. A aggregator, surveyed 275 reviews and judged 97 % to be positive. The Artist became the most honoured French film in history. The film went on to win five awards, including Best Picture, Best Actor. Dujardin became the first French actor to win an Oscar. The film was named Best Feature at the 27th Independent Spirit Awards. It received twelve nominations at the 65th British Academy Film Awards, winning seven awards, including Best Actor. At the 37th César Awards ceremony, the film earned six awards, including Best Film and Best Actress. At the 18th Screen Actors Guild Awards, Dujardin won the award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Leading Role. The 17th Critics' Choice Awards, 77th the 32nd London Film Critics' Circle Awards named Picture. 2011 in film List of Academy Award records Awards for The Artist at the Internet Movie DatabaseList of accolades received by The Artist (film) – Jean Dujardin received many awards and nominations for his performance in the film.
260. List of accolades received by Atonement (film) – Atonement is a 2007 British romantic World War II film directed by Joe Wright. Christopher Hampton adapted the screenplay from the eponymous novel by Ian McEwan. The film focuses on fictional lovers Cecilia and Robbie, whose lives are ruined when Cecilia's younger sister, Briony, falsely accuses Robbie of a serious crime. The film opened the 64th Venice International Film Festival on 29 August 2007 and competed for the Golden Lion. It screened at the Toronto International Film Festival. Atonement was released in the United Kingdom by Universal Studios on 7 September 2007. It was then released in the United States by Focus Features on 7 December 2007. The film earned over # million at the box office. The film received seven Academy Award nominations and came away with one award for Best Original Score. Atonement gathered fourteen nominations at the 61st British Academy Film Awards, the most of any film that year, but ultimately came away with two awards. Atonement won three accolades out of five nominations at the 13th Empire Awards. The film also received five nominations from the Evening Standard British Film Awards, including Best Actress nominations for both Knightley and Romola Garai. McGarvey, Durran and Sarah Greenwood were awarded the Best Technical Achievement accolade. At the 65th Golden Globe Awards, Atonement was named Best Drama Motion Picture, while Dario Marianelli won the Golden Globe Award for Best Original Score. Intralink Film garnered two nominations from the Golden Trailer Awards and won the Best Romance Trailer category.List of accolades received by Atonement (film) – Director Joe Wright at the UK premiere of Atonement
261. Audrey Hepburn on screen and stage – Audrey Hepburn was a British actress who had an extensive career in film, television, on the stage from 1948 to 1993. Hepburn is also remembered as icon. Her debut was as a flight stewardess in the 1948 Dutch film Dutch in Seven Lessons. Hepburn then performed as Sauce Tartare. Two years later she made her Broadway debut as the title character in the play Gigi. Hepburn's Hollywood debut as a runaway princess in William Wyler's Roman Holiday opposite Gregory Peck made her a star. In 1954 she played a chauffeur's daughter caught opposite William Holden. In the same year Hepburn garnered the Tony Award for portraying the titular water nymph in the play Ondine. Her next role was as Natasha Rostova in the 1956 adaptation of Leo Tolstoy's Peace. Two years later she appeared in the romantic adventure film Green Mansions, played a nun in The Nun's Story. Two years later she appeared in the romantic mystery Charade. Nine years later, Hepburn played Maid Marian opposite Sean Connery as Robin Hood in Robin and Marian. Her final film appearance was a cameo as an angel in Steven Spielberg's Always. In recognition of her career, Hepburn earned the Special Award from BAFTA, the Golden Globe Cecil B. DeMille Award, the Screen Actors Guild Life Achievement Award, the Special Tony Award.Audrey Hepburn on screen and stage – Hepburn as Princess Ann in Roman Holiday (1953)
262. List of accolades received by Avatar (2009 film) – Avatar is an American science fiction film written and directed by James Cameron, released in 2009. Avatar grossed $ billion worldwide, to become the highest-grossing film of all time, well as in the United States and Canada. It also became the first film to gross more than $2 billion worldwide. Avatar was also well accumulated an rating of 83 % on the review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes. The film received two awards for Best Film -- Best Director. Avatar was nominated for Best Special Visual Effects. The film's achievement in visual effects were praised by the Visual Effects Society, who honored it with six accolades during their annual awards ceremony. Avatar was also nominated for the Writers Guild of America Awards. The film was nominated for ten Saturn Awards and it went on to win all ten at the 36th Saturn Awards ceremony. Zoe Saldana's win for the Saturn Award for Best Actress marked a rare occurrence for an all-CG character. Avatar received recognition from numerous North American critics' associations. The film garnered nine nominations of the Broadcast Film Critics Association where it won Best several technical categories. The Austin Film Critics Association and the Dallas-Fort Worth Film Critics Association placed the film on their lists of the year's top ten films. According to park officials, photographs from the park became a source of inspiration for the floating Hallelujah Mountains seen in Avatar. Official website Awards for Avatar at the Internet Movie DatabaseList of accolades received by Avatar (2009 film) – Writer, producer, and director of Avatar, James Cameron
263. Abhishek Bachchan filmography – Abhishek Bachchan is an Indian actor and producer known for his work in Bollywood films. He made his debut in 2000, in the J. P. Dutta-directed war drama Refugee. His portrayal of the unnamed refugee garnered him a nomination for Best Male Debut at the Filmfare Awards ceremony. However, the film was a box failure, as were a series of his subsequent films, including Bas Itna Sa Khwaab Hai, Shararat. In 2005, Bachchan starred opposite Rani Mukerji, the Ram Gopal Varma-directed thriller Sarkar. His performance in the latter earned him a second Best Supporting Actor award at Filmfare. In both films he co-starred with Amitabh Bachchan. He also appeared in the Bengali film Antarmahal. The latter was the highest grossing Bollywood film to that point. Bachchan next starred in Guru, a biopic inspired by the life of the businessman Dhirubhai Ambani. His role in the film was positively received. In 2008, Bachchan starred in Varma's Sarkar Raj, the superhero film Drona. Bachchan produced and appeared in Paa, a comedy-drama which won the National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Hindi. In the same year, he also starred in the Rakeysh Omprakash Mehra-directed Delhi-6. Opposite Ajay Devgan, proved to be his first box-office success since Paa.Abhishek Bachchan filmography – Bachchan at the launch of Yomics World in 2011
264. Amitabh Bachchan filmography – Amitabh Bachchan is an Indian film actor, playback singer, producer and television personality. He made his acting debut with Saat Hindustani, narrated Mrinal Sen's Bhuvan Shome. He later appeared as Dr. Bhaskar Banerjee in Hrishikesh Mukherjee's Anand, for which he won the Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actor. In 1973, Bachchan played the role of Inspector Vijay Khanna in Prakash Mehra's action Zanjeer. He has since appeared with the character name "Vijay". He appeared in Abhimaan and Namak Haraam. For the latter, he received the Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actor. Two years later he appeared along in Yash Chopra's Deewar, which earned him the Filmfare Award for Best Actor nomination. He was cited in Deewaar and Zanjeer. Later he starred in Ramesh Sippy's Sholay, considered to be one of the greatest Indian films of all time. After appearing in the romantic drama Kabhie Kabhie, Bachchan starred in Manmohan Desai's comedy Amar Akbar Anthony. He won the Filmfare Award for his performance in the latter. He then played dual roles of Don and Vijay in Don. His roles in Dostana and Shakti earned the nominations for the Filmfare Award for Best Actor. He suffered a near-fatal injury while shooting for Coolie.Amitabh Bachchan filmography – Studio publicity photograph of Bachchan in 2009
265. List of accolades received by Barfi! – Barfi! is a 2012 Indian romantic comedy-drama film written and directed by Anurag Basu and produced by UTV Motion Pictures. The film features Ranbir Kapoor, Ileana D'Cruz in the lead roles, with Saurabh Shukla, Ashish Vidyarthi, Roopa Ganguly playing supporting roles. The screenplay which incorporates a narrative was co-written by Basu with his wife Tani. Pritam Chakraborty composed the background score while Akiv Ali edited the film, with the cinematography provided by Ravi Varman. Made on a budget of approximately ₹300 million, Barfi! opened worldwide on 14 September 2012 to wide critical acclaim. It was a commercial success, grossing 1.75 billion at the box office. Barfi! has received various awards and nominations, with praise for its direction, the cast's performance, cinematography, screenplay, musical score, costume and production design. As of June 2015, the film has won 70 awards. At the 58th Filmfare Awards, Barfi! received the most nominations, winning a leading seven awards, including Best Film and Best Actor for Kapoor. At the 14th IIFA Awards, it won fourteen awards, including the Best Film and Best Director. At the 14th Zee Cine Awards, Barfi! received nine awards, including Best Film, Best Director for Basu and Best Actress for Chopra. List of Bollywood films of 2012 Awards for Barfi! at the Internet Movie DatabaseList of accolades received by Barfi! – Priyanka Chopra, Ranbir Kapoor, and Ileana D'Cruz received several awards and nominations for their performances in Barfi!
266. Bipasha Basu filmography – Bipasha Basu is an Indian actress who has featured in over 50 films, predominantly in Bollywood. Basu followed this in her first Telugu cinema -- the action film Takkari Donga. She had her major success with the supernatural thriller Raaz, which earned Basu her first Filmfare Award for Best Actress nomination. She starred opposite John Abraham in the erotic thriller Jism, in which she played a seductive wife. She received a Filmfare Award in a Negative Role nomination for the film. Her roles in these films established her as a symbol. Basu followed this initial success with roles including the thrillers Aetbaar, Rudraksh, Rakht -- all in 2004 -- and the romance Barsaat. She later featured in the ensemble comedy No Entry. Basu had seven film releases in 2006. Her role as an executive at a conglomerate in Madhur Bhandarkar's drama Corporate earned another nomination for the Filmfare Award for Best Actress. She then portrayed a character based on Bianca in an adaptation of the Shakespearean tragedy Othello. In Dhoom 2 -- her final release of the year -- she played dual roles; it was the top-grossing Bollywood film of the year. In 2008, she collaborated for Race. Her performance as a troubled wife in Shob Charitro Kalponik was critically acclaimed. She then featured in the third installment of the Raaz series, entitled Raaz 3D.Bipasha Basu filmography – Basu (pictured in 2008) at the success party of Race
267. List of accolades received by Black Swan – Black Swan is a 2010 independent psychological thriller film directed by Darren Aronofsky. It premiered as the opening film for the 67th Venice International Film Festival. After Black Swan's opening weekend it grossed over $ million, averaging around $80,200 per theater, the second highest per location for the opening weekend of 2010. When Black Swan finished its theatrical run, it had achieved blockbuster status with ticket revenue amounting to more than $325 million. The film lost to Sofia Coppola's Somewhere. Mila Kunis was later given the Emerging Performer award at the same ceremony. Darren Arnonofsky also earned a nomination for Outstanding Achievement in Feature Film. He was also named Best Director by San Francisco Film Critics Circle Awards. Natalie Portman has won a majority of the critic awards given to actresses for a leading 2010 role. Of the four nominations received from the 68th Golden Globe Awards, its only win was Best Actress in a dramatic motion picture, for Portman. A kiss shared in Black Swan was nominated at the viewer-voted MTV Movie Awards and Teen Choice Awards. Black Swan swept the Austin Film Critics Association and Independent Spirit Awards, winning four awards respectively. At the latter, the film was nominated to music featured in it. Black Swan was also nominated in similar categories. Another organization to laud the film with the same amount of nominations was the Alliance of Women Film Journalists.List of accolades received by Black Swan – Natalie Portman gained much attention from critics and audiences, and won several acting awards.
268. List of accolades received by Blue Jasmine – Blue Jasmine is a 2013 American black comedy-drama film written and directed by Woody Allen. It stars Cate Blanchett as Jeanette "Jasmine" French, who falls into poverty and homelessness. Alec Baldwin, Louis C.K. Bobby Canavale, Sally Hawkins feature in supporting roles. The film premiered on July 26, 2013. Sony Picture Classics later gave a wide release on August 23 in more than 1,200 theaters in the United States and Canada. The film has grossed a worldwide total of over $ million on a production budget of $18 million. A aggregator, surveyed 196 reviews and judged 91 percent to be positive. Blue Jasmine has garnered awards and nominations for Blanchett's portrayal of the titular protagonist. At the 2014 Academy Awards ceremony, Blue Jasmine had three nominations: Best Actress for Blanchett, Best Supporting Best Original Screenplay for Allen. Blanchett was the sole winner. Blanchett also won Best Actress at the BAFTAs, Screen Actors Guild Awards, Satellite Awards. Allen's screenplay was also nominated at the Writers Guild of America Awards. ^ Each date is linked to the article about the awards held that year, wherever possible. 2013 in film Awards for Blue Jasmine at Internet Movie DatabaseList of accolades received by Blue Jasmine – Cate Blanchett received many awards and nominations for her lead acting role in the film.
269. Brad Pitt filmography – He subsequently appeared in episodes for television shows during the late 1980s, played his first major role in the slasher film Cutting Class. A River Runs Through It. Pitt featured in commercially successful thriller Seven, in which he played a detective on the trail of a psychopathic serial killer. He followed it in Tibet. Pitt reteamed with Fincher to star in the apocalyptic film Fight Club in a role that required him learn boxing, grappling. The film has since developed a cult status. Pitt portrayed Rusty Ryan in Ocean's Trilogy. In 2002, he earned a Primetime Emmy nomination for his guest appearance in the sitcom Friends. Also Pitt started a production company, Plan B Entertainment, whose first release was the epic war film Troy, starring Pitt. He played an assassin in the commercially successful action comedy Mr. & Mrs. Smith. He produced the superhero film Kick-Ass and its sequel in 2013. He also garnered a Best nomination for the latter. His biggest commercial success came with the apocalyptic film World War Z, which has grossed a total of $ million worldwide. Pitt produced 12 Years a Slave, for which he won the Academy Award for Best Picture. In 2014, he starred in the war Fury which received positive reviews from critics and proved to be successful at the box office.Brad Pitt filmography – Brad Pitt at the premiere of Fury in Washington D.C
271. List of accolades received by Brokeback Mountain – Brokeback Mountain is a 2005 American epic romantic drama film directed by Ang Lee. Based on the short story of the same name by author Annie Proulx, the story was adapted by Diana Ossana. The film depicts the complex sexual relationship between two men, Ennis Del Mar and Jack Twist in the American West between 1963 and 1983. Michelle Williams, Anne Hathaway, Linda Cardellini, Randy Quaid, Kate Mara feature in supporting roles. Brokeback Mountain premiered at the Venice International Film Festival, where it won the Golden Lion. Focus Features gave a limited release on December 9, 2005 before a wide release on January 13, 2006. The film grossed $ million worldwide on a production budget of $14 million. Review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes judged 87 % of them to be positive. Brokeback Mountain garnered awards and nominations including for its directing, screenplay, acting, original score, cinematography. The film garnered seven nominations at the 63rd Golden Globe Awards, winning four for Best Motion Picture -- Drama, Best Director, Best Screenplay. However, Roger Ebert argued that the better film won. 2005 in film Brokeback Mountain Brokeback Mountain Accolades for Brokeback Mountain at Internet Movie DatabaseList of accolades received by Brokeback Mountain – Ang Lee received many awards for his work on the film, including the Golden Lion and the Academy Award for Best Director.
272. Sandra Bullock filmography – Sandra Bullock is an American actress who made her film debut with a minor role in the 1987 thriller Hangmen. She starred opposite Sylvester Stallone in Demolition Man. Bullock starred in the romantic comedy While You Were Sleeping in 1995. Her performance in the film earned her first nomination for the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress -- Musical. Bullock starred opposite Matthew McConaughey in the film adaptation of John Grisham's novel A Time to Kill. In 1997, she reprised her role in the sequel, Speed 2: Cruise Control. Two years later, executive produced her first television series George Lopez and starred opposite Hugh Grant in the romantic comedy Two Weeks Notice. She reprised her role in Miss Congeniality in its sequel, Miss Congeniality 2: Armed and Fabulous. In 2009, she starred in the semi-autobiographical sports drama The Blind Side. In doing so she became the first person to win both an Oscar in the same weekend. Bullock starred in the buddy comedy The Heat and the science fiction thriller Gravity. In 2015, Bullock voiced the Scarlet Overkill in the animated film Minions. As of August 2015, Minions is her highest-grossing film, with a worldwide box total of over $1 billion.Sandra Bullock filmography – Bullock at the 2013 San Diego Comic-Con
273. James Cameron filmography – James Cameron is a Canadian director, screenwriter, producer who has had an extensive career in film and television. Cameron's debut was the 1978 fiction short Xenogenesis, which he directed, wrote and produced. In the early part of his career, he did technical jobs such as special visual effects producer, set dresser assistant, matte artist, photographer. His feature directorial debut was Piranha II: The Spawning. The next film he directed was the science action thriller The Terminator. It was Cameron's breakthrough feature. In 1986, he wrote the science fiction action sequel Aliens starring Sigourney Weaver. He followed this by directing The Abyss. In 1991, Cameron directed the sequel to The Terminator, Terminator 2: Judgment Day, also executive produced the action crime film Point Break. Three years later he directed True Lies. It won 11. Cameron also shared the Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture -- Drama with the other producers. He followed this by directing, producing two underwater documentaries: Aliens of the Deep. He returned to directing features with the 3D science fiction film Avatar. Avatar won three in technical categories.James Cameron filmography – Cameron speaking at the Hollywood Walk of Fame awarding ceremony of producer Gale Anne Hurd in 2012
274. Leo Carrillo on stage and screen – Leo Carrillo was an American cartoonist, a comedian in vaudeville, an actor on stage, film and television. Growing up in culturally diverse Los Angeles, Carrillo was conversant in five languages with a keen ear for dialects. Soon he began working in vaudeville with Major Bowes, toured the Orpheum Circuit with Walter C. Kelly. For the next decade he performed on the vaudeville circuit in between acting in Broadway productions. A 1927 production of Lombardi, Ltd. again featured Carrillo in the lead, began at George M. Cohan's Theatre before going on the road. Carrillo's first screen appearances were in 1927 Vitaphone shorts. In the early decades of his film career, he was often the starring lead. And while he played characters with no discernible ethnicity, he was often cast as Hispanic. He played everything in dramatic parts as well as appearing in light comedy and musical films. Over the course of his career, Carrillo appeared in over 80 feature-length films, ending with Pancho Villa Returns. He was 68 years old when he first teamed with Duncan Renaldo to co-star in five Cisco Kid movies in 1949–1950. The ensuing popular The Cisco Kid series ran for 1950 -- 1956. For his contributions to the industry, Carrillo received two stars on February 8, 1960. The Cisco Kid Duncan Renaldo filmography Baugh, Scott L.. Latino American Cinema: An Encyclopedia of Movies, Stars, Concepts, Trends.Leo Carrillo on stage and screen – Leo Carrillo as Pancho with his horse Loco from The Cisco Kid
275. Carry On series on screen and stage – The Carry On series is a long-running British sequence of comedy films, stage shows and television programmes produced between 1958 and 1992. Distributed by the Rank Organisation from 1967 to 1978, they were all made at Pinewood Studios. The series' humour relied largely on double entendre. Peter Rogers and Gerald Thomas were the series' sole director respectively. They mostly employed a regular group of actors. Between 1992, there were seven writers, principally Norman Hudis and Talbot Rothwell. The films were scored by three different composers: Bruce Montgomery from 1958 -- 62; Max Harris who scored the 1976 film Carry On England. Subsequent Christmas specials were recorded in 1973. In 1975 a 13-episode series was commissioned by ATV for ITV. Carry On Laughing ran with six half-hour episodes in season one and seven in season two. The writer Penelope Gilliatt wrote: "The usual charge to make against the Carry On films is to say that they could be much better done. This is true enough. But if all these things were more elegant I don't really think the films would be more enjoyable: the badness is part of the funniness." Ross, Robert. The Carry On Companion.Carry On series on screen and stage – The 2003 DVD logo depicting some of the actors from the series: from left to right; Bernard Bresslaw, Kenneth Williams, Joan Sims, Sid James, Hattie Jacques, Jim Dale, Barbara Windsor and Charles Hawtrey
276. Charlie Chaplin filmography – Charlie Chaplin was an English actor, comedian, filmmaker whose work in motion pictures spanned from 1914 until 1967. During his early years in film, he became established as a cinematic idol renowned for his tramp persona. In the 1920s, he was considered the most famous person on the planet. Chaplin began acting on stage at the age of nine. In 1913, while on tour in the United States with Fred Karno's group, he accepted a contract to work for Mack Sennett's Keystone film company. During his time at Keystone, he began directing some of the films in which he starred. The year after with the Mutual Film Corporation. In early 1950s, Chaplin was accused of being a Communist sympathiser, which he denied. While travelling to England in 1952 to attend the premiere of his film Limelight, his American re-entry permit was rescinded. Chaplin eventually settled in Switzerland, where he remained for the rest of his life. He made his last two films in England. During his lifetime, Chaplin received three awards from the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. At the first Academy Awards ceremony, held on 16 May 1929, he was originally nominated for The Circus. He won an honorary award for writing, directing, producing, acting. In 1972, he returned after nearly two decades to receive another honorary award, this time for his overall achievements in cinema.Charlie Chaplin filmography – Charlie Chaplin in his "Tramp" persona
277. Jessica Chastain on screen and stage – Jessica Chastain is an American actress who has appeared in film, television, stage. As a final-year student at the Juilliard School, she was signed for a talent holding deal by the television producer John Wells. From 2004 to 2010, she had guest roles in several television shows, including ER, Law & Order: Trial by Jury. She also appeared in stage productions of The Cherry Orchard in 2004, opposite Al Pacino. In 2008, Chastain made her film debut in Jolene, an adaptation of E. L. Doctorow's short story Jolene: A Life. She had a minor role in a critically panned mystery-thriller, following which she played the younger version of Helen Mirren's character in The Debt. The 2011 proved to be a breakthrough for Chastain. For the latter, Chastain received her first Academy nomination in the supporting actress category. In 2012, she voiced the character of Gia in Madagascar 3: Europe's Most Wanted. List of awards and nominations received by Jessica Chastain Jessica Chastain at the Internet Movie Database Jessica Chastain at the Internet Broadway DatabaseJessica Chastain on screen and stage – Chastain attending the 2013 Toronto International Film Festival
278. Priyanka Chopra filmography – Priyanka Chopra is an Indian actress who has established herself as a leading actress of Indian cinema. She made her Bollywood debut in 2003 spy thriller The Hero. Chopra's role in the box-office hit musical Andaaz won her the Filmfare Award for Best Female Debut. Chopra starred in six films including Waqt and Bluffmaster!. In 2006, she starred in two of the action thriller Don. However, in late 2008, her role in the acclaimed Fashion proved to be a turning point in her career. Her portrayal of a troubled model won the National Film Award for Best Actress and the Filmfare Award for Best Actress. She won the Filmfare Critics Award for her portrayal of a serial killer in the 2011 black comedy 7 Khoon Maaf. Her portrayal of an autistic woman in Barfi! received widespread acclaim and won her several accolades. In 2014, she portrayed the eponymous boxer in the biographical sports drama Mary Kom for which she received awards and nominations. In 2015, she began becoming the first South Asian woman to headline an American network series. Awards and nominations received by Priyanka Chopra Official website Priyanka Chopra at the Internet Movie Database Priyanka Chopra on Bollywood HungamaPriyanka Chopra filmography – Chopra at a Guess event in 2013
279. Christian Bale filmography – British actor Christian Bale has starred in various films, as well as advertisements and a video game. He made his acting debut on the television film Anastasia: The Mystery of Anna. He made his film debut starring alongside John Malkovich and Miranda Richardson in the war film Empire of the Sun. Bale's role of a young boy, interned by the Japanese, received praise from most film critics. Two years later, Bale had a minor role in Henry V, a film based on William Shakespeare's play The Life of Henry the Fifth. It has been considered one of the best Shakespeare film adaptations ever made. He received a role in the 1994 drama Little Women, which garnered positive reviews. Bale lent his voice for the Disney animated Pocahontas in 1995, although it received a mixed reception and attained box office success. He starred in the Todd Haynes-directed drama Velvet Goldmine. Although critics were divided on the film, Bale's role was "eagerly anticipated". Bale portrayed Demetrius in the critically praised 1999 film an adaptation of Shakespeare's play of the same name, directed by Michael Hoffman. He portrayed Jesus of Nazareth in the television movie Mary, Mother of Jesus. In 2000, Bale starred in the psychological thriller American Psycho in which he played Patrick Bateman. His portrayal is often considered his breakthrough role. He starred alongside Samuel L. Jackson in the critically praised action crime film Shaft.Christian Bale filmography – Bale at the red carpet film premiere of Public Enemies during the 2009 Los Angeles Film Festival.
280. Citra Award for Best Director – The Citra Award for Best Director is an award given at the Indonesian Film Festival to Indonesian film directors in recognition for their achievements. Initially winners were selected by a jury. Since 1986 the shortlist has remained at five selections. The festival was then held intermittently, in 1967. In 1973 the festival began to be held annually. This continued uninterrupted after the 1992 IFF, when a sharp decline in production led the festival to be discontinued. It was reinstated as an annual event in 2004, after receiving funds from the Indonesian government. The most recent winner is Herwin Novianto, who won a Citra Award at the 2012 IFF for his direction of Tanah Surga... Katanya. A total of 58 directors have been nominated for a Citra Award, 22 of whom have won at least one. The most recognised director at the IFF has been Teguh Karya, who won six awards out of nine nominations beginning with Cinta Pertama in 1974. Four other directors have won multiple Citra Awards: Arifin C. Noer, Hanung Bramantyo, Sjumandjaja, Slamet Rahardjo. Three directors have received three nominations without winning. KeyCitra Award for Best Director – Eros Djarot won a Citra Award for Tjoet Nja' Dhien.
281. Citra Award for Best Leading Actor – The Citra Award for Best Leading Actor is an award given at the Indonesian Film Festival to Indonesian actors for their achievements in lead roles. Described by Screen International as "Indonesia's equivalent to the Oscars", the Citra Awards are the country's most prestigious awards. They are intended to draw the public's interest to the industry. The shortlist has remained at five selections since 1987. Initially known as the Indonesian Film Festival Awards, the Citra Award was first given in 1955. There were two recipients that year: A.N. Alcaff of Lewat Djam Malam and A. Hadi of Tarmina. Succeeding festivals were held in 1960 and 1967. The IFF was held annually from 1973. After the 1992 IFF, a sharp decline in production led the festival to be discontinued. It was reinstated as an annual event in 2004, after receiving funds from the Indonesian government. The most recent winner of this Citra Award is Dedy Soetomo, recognised at the 2015 IFF for his performance in Mencari Hilal. A total of 61 actors have been nominated for Best Leading Actor, 26 of whom have won at least one. As of 2012 the most recognised actor at the IFF is Deddy Mizwar, who received ten nominations beginning with Bukan Impian Semusim in 1982. The actor with the most nominations without a win is Ray Sahetapy, who received six nominations between 1990.Citra Award for Best Leading Actor – Rhoma Irama received a nomination in 1992 for Nada dan Dakwah.
282. Citra Award for Best Leading Actress – The Citra Award for Best Leading Actress is an award given at the Indonesian Film Festival to Indonesian actresses for their achievements in lead roles. The Citra Awards, described by Screen International as "Indonesia's equivalent to the Oscars", are the country's most prestigious film awards. They are intended to recognise Indonesian achievements in film and draw the public's interest to the cinema industry. Succeeding festivals were held in 1960 and 1967. From 1973 the IFF was held annually. This continued uninterrupted until after the 1992 IFF, when a sharp decline in film production led the festival to be discontinued. It was reinstated as an annual event in 2004, after receiving funds from the Indonesian government. The most recent winner is Tara Basro, who won a Citra Award at the 2015 IFF for her acting in A Copy of My Mind. A total of 74 actresses have been nominated for a Citra Award, 24 of whom have won at least one. Four other actresses have won multiple Citra Awards: Jenny Rachman, Lydia Kandou, Tuti Indra Malaon. Four actresses – Jajang C. Noer, Nurul Arifin, Paramitha Rusady, Zoraya Perucha – have received three nominations without winning. Four films have seen multiple cast members receive nominations. Of these, only Mengejar Mas-Mas earned a win, with Dinna Olivia receiving the award. KeyCitra Award for Best Leading Actress – Fifi Young won one of the inaugural Citra Awards for Best Actress.
283. Citra Award for Best Supporting Actress – The Citra Award for Best Supporting Actress is an award given at the Indonesian Film Festival to Indonesian actresses for their achievements in supporting roles. The Citra Awards, described by Screen International as "Indonesia's equivalent to the Oscars", are the country's most prestigious film awards. They are intended to recognise Indonesian achievements in film and draw the public's interest to the cinema industry. Since 1986 the shortlist has remained at five selections. Succeeding festivals were held in 1960 and 1967. From 1973 the IFF was held annually. This continued uninterrupted until after the 1992 IFF, when a sharp decline in film production led the festival to be discontinued. It was reinstated as an annual event in 2004, after receiving funds from the Indonesian government. The most recent winner is Christine Hakim, who won a Citra Award for her acting in Pendekar Tongkat Emas. A total of 68 actresses have been nominated for a Citra Award, 26 of whom have won at least one. The most recognised actress at the IFF has been Nani Wijaya, who won two awards beginning with Yang Muda Yang Bercinta in 1978. Niniek L. Karim, has won multiple Citra Awards, whilst Rina Hasyim and Rima Melati have received at least five nominations. Seven films have seen multiple cast members receive nominations, four of which earned a win. KeyCitra Award for Best Supporting Actress – Endang Kusdiningsih won the award in 1955.
284. Dadasaheb Phalke Award – The Dadasaheb Phalke Award is India's highest award in cinema. As of 2014, the award comprises a Swarna Kamal medallion, a cash prize of 1,000,000. First presented in 1969, the award was introduced by the Government of India to commemorate Dadasaheb Phalke's contribution to Indian cinema. The first recipient of the award was actress Devika Rani, honoured at the 17th National Film Awards. As of 2015, there have been 47 awardees. Among those, actor Prithviraj Kapoor is the sole posthumous recipient. The most recent recipient of the award is actor Manoj Kumar, honoured at the 63rd National Film Awards ceremony. Gulzar; Nihalani, Govind; Chatterjee, Saibal, eds.. Encyclopaedia of Hindi Cinema. Popular Prakashan. ISBN 978-81-7991-066-5. Ramēś, Be. Gō. Recipients of Dadasaheb Phalke Award. Pavai Publications.Dadasaheb Phalke Award – Dadasaheb Phalke, often credited as "the father of Indian cinema", made India's first full-length feature Raja Harishchandra (1913).
285. List of accolades received by Dallas Buyers Club – Dallas Buyers Club is a 2013 American biographical drama film directed by Jean-Marc Vallée based on a screenplay written by Craig Borten and Melisa Wallack. Jared Leto and Jennifer Garner feature in supporting roles. Dallas Buyers Club premiered on September 7, 2013. The film grossed a worldwide total of over $ million on a production budget of $5 million. A review aggregator, surveyed 295 reviews and judged 88 % to be positive. Dallas Buyers Club garnered awards and nominations for the performances of actors, McConaughey and Leto. At the 86th Academy Awards, the film received six nominations, including Best Picture, Best Original Screenplay, Best Supporting Actor for Leto. McConaughey and Leto went on to win their respective categories – only the fifth film in Oscars history to win both awards. Makeup artist Robin Mathews won for Best Makeup and Hairstyling. Mathews' budget for the film was only $250. At the 71st Golden Globe Awards, McConaughey won for Best Actor -- Leto won for Best Supporting Actor -- Motion Picture. At the Screen Actors Guild Awards the film had three nominations; Best Supporting Actor for Leto. Wallack's screenplay was also nominated for Best Original Screenplay at the Writers Guild of America Awards. The National Board of Review named Club one of the top ten independent films of 2013. Awards for Dallas Buyers Club at Internet Movie DatabaseList of accolades received by Dallas Buyers Club
286. Matt Damon filmography – Matt Damon is an American actor, producer and screenwriter. He made his screen debut with a minor role in the 1988 film Mystic Pizza. Damon and Affleck won the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay and Damon was nominated for Best Actor. Damon's profile continued to expand in the 2000s, as he took on starring roles in two lucrative film franchises. Damon co-wrote, starred in the drama Gerry in 2002, which polarized film critics. Damon continued to gain praise for his collaborations with Soderbergh on the crime film The Informant! and the drama Behind the Candelabra. In 2012, Damon and Affleck launched the company Pearl Street Films. Their first project—the drama Promised Land—which Damon co-wrote and starred with John Krasinski, performed below expectations. His biggest commercial successes in the 2010s came with The Martian. With office receipts of over $3 billion in North America, Damon ranks among Hollywood's most commercially successful actors. Damon has featured as a guest star in the television shows Will & Grace, 30 Rock, among others. Damon has served as the executive producer of a number of projects directed by the winners of the show. In addition, he has narrated several documentaries, including The People Speak and Inside Job. List of awards and nominations received by Matt Damon Matt Damon at the Internet Movie DatabaseMatt Damon filmography – Damon at the 66th Venice International Film Festival, September 7, 2009
287. David Lynch filmography – David Keith Lynch is an American filmmaker, television director, visual artist, musician and occasional actor. The surreal and, in many cases, violent elements to his films have earned the reputation that they "disturb, offend or mystify" their audiences. Lynch's first project was the 1967 short Six Men Getting an animated film which blended elements of sculpture and painting into its animation. 1977's Eraserhead, became a cult film and launched his commercial career. It also marked his first collaboration with an actor who would appear in many more of Lynch's productions until his death in 1996. Lynch has also branched out into television, later, internet-based series. His first foray into the medium was a joint venture with Mark Frost. Twin Peaks became a success, leading to Lynch and Frost working together on a number of other projects, including On the Air, American Chronicles. In 2002 Lynch began producing two series of shorts released through his official website -- Rabbits. Having begun acting in his 1972 short The Amputee, Lynch went on to appear on-camera in Twin Peaks, Zelly and Me and Dune. From 2007, Lynch has appeared in a recurring role in the animated series The Cleveland Show. Barney, Richard A.. David Lynch: Interviews. University Press of Mississippi. ISBN 1604732369.David Lynch filmography – Lynch, speaking in 2007
288. List of Dharma Productions films – Dharma Productions is an Indian production company established by Yash Johar in 1976. As of 2016, the company has produced 36 Bollywood films, including three that are yet to be released. A large number of these films were co-produced with companies such as UTV Motion Pictures, Fox Star Studios. Dharma Productions' first release came with the Raj Khosla-directed Dostana starring Amitabh Bachchan, Shatrughan Sinha and Zeenat Aman, a commercial success. However, their subsequent releases, Muqaddar Ka Faisla performed poorly at the box office. Their first release of the Bachchan-starring thriller Agneepath garnered critical acclaim but was a commercial failure. The company's next releases were the comedy Duplicate, both directed by Mahesh Bhatt. The film was the highest-grossing Bollywood film of 1998, established Dharma Productions as a leading company in India. The romantic Dostana was the first mainstream Hindi film to take a homosexual storyline. In 2012, Karan Johar directed the college Student of the Year, which marked the debut of actors Sidharth Malhotra, Varun Dhawan and Alia Bhatt. The most frequent collaborations of the company have been with the actors Shah Rukh Khan, Alia Bhatt, Kareena Kapoor, Sidharth Malhotra, Kajol. Official websiteList of Dharma Productions films – Karan Johar, the son of Yash Johar, has directed five films for Dharma Productions
289. Leonardo DiCaprio filmography – Leonardo DiCaprio is an American actor and producer who started his career performing as a child on television. Two years later, he played Tobias Wolff opposite Robert De Niro in This Boy's Life. He followed this in What's Eating Gilbert Grape, which earned him a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. In 1995, DiCaprio played Jim Carroll in The Basketball Diaries and the French poet Arthur Rimbaud in Total Eclipse. He played Romeo Montague in the Baz Luhrmann-directed film Romeo + Juliet. DiCaprio starred in the James Cameron-directed film Titanic. The film made him famous globally. He founded Appian Way, in 2004. The next two films he starred in were both directed by the crime drama The Departed. DiCaprio produced the comedy-drama Gardener of Eden in 2007. He reunited with Kate Winslet in the Sam Mendes-directed drama Revolutionary Road and appeared in the Ridley Scott-directed action film Body of Lies. DiCaprio also starred in the Christopher Nolan-directed science fiction heist thriller Inception. In 2011, he portrayed the first director of the FBI, in the biopic J. Edgar. He played a supporting role in the Quentin Tarantino-directed western Django Unchained. The latter earned a third Academy Award nomination for Best Actor and a Golden Globe Award for Best Actor -- Motion Picture Musical or Comedy.Leonardo DiCaprio filmography – DiCaprio at the London premiere of The Wolf of Wall Street in 2014
290. List of accolades received by The Dirty Picture – The Dirty Picture is a 2011 Indian biographical drama film directed by Milan Luthria and produced by Shobha and Ekta Kapoor. The Dirty Picture co-stars Emraan Hashmi, Tusshar Kapoor and Naseeruddin Shah. Rajat Arora wrote dialogues and lyrics for the film and Vishal -- Shekhar composed the music. Made on a budget between 170 million and million, The Dirty Picture was released worldwide on 2 December 2011, earned 1.14 billion. The film garnered awards and nominations with particular praise for Vidya's performance, the dialogues, the costume design by Niharika Khan. As of 2012, the film has won 51 awards. The Dirty Picture won three National Film Awards, including Best Costume Design. At the 57th Filmfare Awards ceremony, the film won three awards, including Best Costume Design. It also received nominations at the ceremony. The film also won six Screen Awards, including Best Film, Best Director and Best Actress. List of Bollywood films of 2011 Accolades for The Dirty Picture at the Internet Movie DatabaseList of accolades received by The Dirty Picture – Vidya Balan garnered several awards for her leading role in The Dirty Picture.
291. Madhuri Dixit filmography – Madhuri Dixit is an Indian actress known for her work in Bollywood films. She made her acting debut in the 1984 film Abodh. Her role came in 1988 with N. Chandra's thriller Tezaab, the highest-grossing film of that year. "Ek Do Teen", a number that she performed in the film, was widely popular. She continued to play the lead in the commercially successful action-dramas Kishen Kanhaiya. The role of a wealthy brat in the 1990 romantic drama Dil earned her first Filmfare Award for Best Actress. Dixit featured in the action thriller Khalnayak, one of the highest-grossing films of that year. She then played an avenger to positive reviews. She featured in Raja and Yaraana; in the latter she played a woman who attempts an escape from her abusive husband. Both of her releases in 1996 -- Prem Granth -- were financial failures. However, Yash Chopra's 1997 romantic Dil To Pagal Hai was a major success for her, earning her a fourth Filmfare Award for Best Actress. She garnered critical acclaim in the drama Mrityudand. For the film, she won a Filmfare Award in the B