1. Pop music – The terms "popular music" and "music" are often used interchangeably, although the former describes all music, popular and includes many styles. "Pop" and "rock" were synonymous terms until the late 1960s, when they were increasingly used from each other. Although music is seen as just the singles charts, it is not the sum of all chart music. Identifying factors hooks. Stephen Millward define pop music as "a body of music, distinguishable from popular, jazz, folk musics". According to Pete Seeger, music is "professional music which draws upon both folk music and fine arts music". Although music is seen as just the singles charts, it is not the sum of all music. The music charts contain songs including classical, jazz, rock, novelty songs. Music, as a genre, is seen as existing and developing separately. Thus "music" may be used to describe a distinct genre, aimed at a youth market, often characterized as a softer alternative to rock and roll. Musicologist Allan Moore surmises that the term "music" itself may have originated from Pop art. Additionally, it's important to note that music is always evolving, which means that the definition of pop music can change, too. It's also important to be cognizant of the distinction between popular music. The term "song" was first recorded as being used in 1926, in the sense of a piece of music "having popular appeal". However, the term was in use at least ten years earlier.Pop music – The Oxford Dictionary of Music states that the term "pop" refers to music performed by such artists as the Rolling Stones (pictured here in a 2006 performance)
2. Popular music – Popular music is music with wide appeal, typically distributed to large audiences through the music industry. These styles can be enjoyed and performed by people with little or no musical training. It stands in traditional or "folk" music. Art music was historically disseminated through the performances of written music, although since the beginning of the recording industry, it is also disseminated through recordings. Traditional music forms such as hymns were passed along orally, or to smaller, local audiences. The original application of the term is to music of the 1880s Tin Pan Alley period in the United States. Although popular music sometimes is known as "music", the two terms are not interchangeable. Popular music pieces typically have easily singable melodies. Some popular music forms have become global, while others have a wide appeal within the culture of their origin. Through the mixture of musical genres, popular music forms are created to reflect the ideals of a global culture. The examples of Africa, the Middle East show how Western pop music styles can blend with local musical traditions to create new hybrid styles. Sales of ` recordings' or music are one measure. Middleton and Manuel note that this definition has problems because multiple plays of the same song or piece are not counted. Moreover, "understandings of popular music have changed with time". A society's popular music reflects the ideals that are prevalent at the time it is published.Popular music – The 19th century singer Jenny Lind depicted performing La sonnambula
3. Rock and roll – For the purpose of differentiation, this article deals with the first definition. The beat is essentially a rhythm with the latter almost always provided by a snare drum. Beyond simply a musical style, roll, as seen on television, influenced lifestyles, fashion, attitudes, language. In addition, roll may have contributed to the civil rights movement because both white American teens enjoyed the music. It went on to spawn various genres, often without the initially characteristic backbeat, that are now more commonly called simply "rock music" or "rock". The term "rock and roll" now has at least two different meanings, both in common usage. The Merriam-Webster Dictionary both roll as synonymous with rock music. In 1934, the song "Rock and Roll" by Boswell Sisters appeared in the film Transatlantic Merry-Go-Round. In 1942, Billboard magazine columnist Maurie Orodenker started to use the term "rock-and-roll" to describe upbeat recordings such as "Rock Me" by Sister Rosetta Tharpe. By 1943, the "Rock and Roll Inn" in New Jersey, was established as a venue. In 1951, Cleveland, Ohio disc jockey Alan Freed began playing this music style while popularizing the phrase to describe it. The origins of roll have been fiercely debated by historians of music. The immediate roots of rock and roll lay in the rhythm and blues, then called "race music", country music of the 1940s and 1950s. Particularly significant influences were jazz, blues, folk. The 1940s saw the increased use of blaring horns, shouted lyrics and boogie woogie beats in jazz based music.Rock and roll – Sign commemorating the role of Alan Freed and Cleveland, Ohio in the origins of rock and roll
4. Rock music – It has its roots in 1940s' and 1950s' roll, itself heavily influenced by blues, rhythm and blues and country music. Musically, rock has centered with electric bass guitar and drums. The genre has become extremely diverse. Like music, lyrics often stress romantic love but also address a wide variety of other themes that are frequently social or political in emphasis. The dominance of rock by male musicians has been seen as one of the key factors shaping the themes explored in rock music. Rock places a higher degree of emphasis on musicianship, an ideology of authenticity than pop music. Punk was an influence including new wave, post-punk and eventually the alternative rock movement. From the 1990s alternative rock began to break through into the mainstream in the form of grunge, Britpop, indie rock. Similarly, 1970s culture spawned the visually distinctive goth and emo subcultures. This trio of instruments has often been complemented by the inclusion of other instruments, particularly keyboards such as the piano, synthesizers. The basic instrumentation was adapted from the basic blues band instrumentation. Melodies are often derived from older musical modes, including the Dorian and Mixolydian, well as major and minor modes. Harmonies range from dissonant harmonic progressions. Critics have stressed the eclecticism and stylistic diversity of rock. These themes were inherited from a variety including the Tin Pan Alley pop tradition, folk music and rhythm and blues.Rock music – Red Hot Chili Peppers in 2006, showing a quartet lineup for a rock band (from left to right: bassist, lead vocalist, drummer, and guitarist).
5. Classical music – Classical music is art music produced or rooted in the traditions of Western music, including both liturgical and secular music. The central norms of this tradition became codified between 1900, known as the common-practice period. Western notation is used by composers to indicate to the performer the pitches, tempo, meter and rhythms for a piece of music. The earliest reference to "classical music" recorded by the Oxford English Dictionary is from about 1836. This score typically determines details of pitch, where two or more musicians are involved, how the various parts are coordinated. The written quality of the music has enabled a high level of complexity within them: J.S. The use of written notation also enables Classical musicians to perform music from many centuries ago. That said, the score does not provide exact instructions on how to perform a historical work. Even if the tempo is written with an Italian instruction, we do not know exactly how fast the piece should be played. J.S. Bach was particularly noted for his complex improvisations. During the Classical era, the composer-performer Mozart was noted for his ability to improvise melodies in different styles. During the Classical era, some virtuoso soloists would improvise the cadenza sections of a concerto. During the Romantic era, Beethoven would improvise at the piano. For more information, see Improvisation.Classical music
6. Jazz – Jazz is a music genre that originated from African American communities of New Orleans in the United States during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Since the 1920s during the age, jazz has become recognized as a major form of musical expression following George Gershwin and other notable composers. Jazz is characterized by swing and blue notes, call and response vocals, improvisation. Intellectuals around the world have hailed jazz as "one of America's original art forms". As spread around the world, it drew on different national, regional, local musical cultures, which gave rise to many distinctive styles. New Orleans jazz began in the early 1910s, combining earlier brass-band marches, French quadrilles, biguine, blues with collective polyphonic improvisation. In the 1930s, heavily arranged dance-oriented swing Kansas City jazz, a hard-swinging, bluesy, improvisational style and Gypsy jazz were the prominent styles. Cool jazz developed in the end of the 1940s, introducing calmer, long, linear melodic lines. Modal jazz developed in the late 1950s, using musical scale, as the basis of musical structure and improvisation. Jazz-rock fusion appeared in early 1970s, combining jazz improvisation with rock music's rhythms, electric instruments and highly amplified stage sound. In the early 1980s, a commercial form of fusion called smooth jazz became successful, garnering significant radio airplay. Other genres abound in the 2000s, such as Latin and Afro-Cuban jazz. Its history is well documented. It is believed to be related to a slang term dating back to 1860 meaning "pep, energy." The use of the word in a musical context was documented early as 1915 in the Chicago Daily Tribune.Jazz – Louis Armstrong (1901–1971) is considered one of the pivotal musicians in jazz for his contributions as a trumpet player, composer and singer.
7. John Lennon – John Winston Ono Lennon, MBE was an English singer and songwriter who co-founded the Beatles, the most commercially successful band in the history of popular music. With fellow member Paul McCartney, he formed a celebrated songwriting partnership. Raised in Liverpool, Lennon became involved in the skiffle craze as a teenager; the Quarrymen, evolved into the Beatles in 1960. After his marriage to Yoko Ono in 1969, he changed his name to John Ono Lennon. He was murdered three weeks after its release. Lennon revealed a rebellious nature and acerbic wit in his music, writing, drawings, on film and in interviews. In 2008, Rolling Stone ranked the fifth-greatest singer of all time. His parents named John Winston Lennon after his paternal grandfather, then-Prime Minister Winston Churchill. When he eventually came home six months later, he offered to look after the family, but Julia—by then pregnant with another man's child—rejected the idea. After her sister, Mimi Smith, twice complained to Liverpool's Social Services, Julia handed the care of Lennon over to her. In July 1946 Lennon's father visited Smith and took his son to Blackpool, secretly intending to emigrate to New Zealand with him. Julia followed them—with her partner at the time,'Bobby' Dykins—and after a heated argument his father forced the five-year-old to choose between them. As his mother walked away, he followed her. It would be 20 years before he had contact with his father again. But I cannot be what I am not...John Lennon – John Lennon, 1969
8. The Beatles – The Beatles were an English rock band, formed in Liverpool in 1960. With Ringo Starr, they became widely regarded as the foremost and most influential act of the rock era. The Beatles built their playing clubs with Stuart Sutcliffe initially serving as bass player. The core of Lennon, McCartney and Harrison went through a succession of drummers, including Pete Best, before asking Starr to join them. From 1965 onwards, the Beatles produced increasingly innovative recordings, including the albums Rubber Soul, Revolver, Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band, The Beatles and Abbey Road. After their break-up in 1970, they each enjoyed successful musical careers of varying lengths. McCartney and Starr, the surviving members, remain musically active. Lennon was shot and killed in December 1980, Harrison died of lung cancer in November 2001. According to the RIAA, the Beatles are the best-selling music artists in the United States, with 178 million certified units. They have had more number-one albums on the British charts and sold more singles in the UK than any other act. They have received ten Grammy Awards, an Academy Award for Best Original Song Score and fifteen Ivor Novello Awards. The group was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1988, all four were inducted individually from 1994 to 2015. In March 1957, John Lennon, then aged sixteen, formed a skiffle group with several friends from Quarry Bank school. They briefly called themselves the Blackjacks, before changing their name to the Quarrymen after discovering that a respected local group was already using the other name.The Beatles – The "Fab Four" Beatles lineup in 1964 Top: Lennon, McCartney Bottom: Harrison, Starr
9. Skiffle – Skiffle is a music genre with jazz, blues, folk and American folk influences, usually using homemade or improvised instruments. The origins of skiffle are generally thought to lie in African-American musical culture in the early 20th century. This claim has been disputed. It may have been brought there as part of the African-American migration to northern industrial cities. The first use of the term on record was in the name of Jimmy O'Bryant and his Chicago Skifflers. It was used by Ma Rainey to describe her repertoire to rural audiences. The skiffle disappeared from American music in the 1940s. British skiffle grew out of the developing British jazz scene, which saw a move away from swing music and towards authentic trad jazz. Among these bands were Ken Colyer's Jazzmen, whose banjo player Donegan also performed skiffle music during intervals. He would play guitar with accompaniment of two other members, usually on washboard and tea-chest bass. These were listed on posters as "skiffle" breaks, a name suggested after recalling the Dan Burley Skiffle Group. Soon the breaks were as popular as the traditional jazz. After disagreements in 1954, the band became Chris Barber's Jazz Band. Donegan's fast-tempo version of Lead Belly's "Rock Island Line" was a major hit in 1956, featuring a washboard, with "John Henry" on the B-side. It spent eight months in the Top 20, peaking at No. 6.Skiffle – Gus Cannon 's Jug Stompers, c. 1928
10. Paul McCartney – Sir James Paul McCartney, MBE is an English singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, composer. His songwriting partnership with Lennon is the most celebrated of the post-war era. After the band's break-up, he formed the band Wings with his first wife, Linda, Denny Laine. McCartney has been recognised as one of performers of all time. More than 2,200 artists have covered his Beatles song "Yesterday", more than any other copyrighted song in history. Wings' 1977 release "Mull of Kintyre" is one of the best-selling singles in the UK. McCartney has composed classical and electronic music. He has taken part in projects to promote international charities related as animal rights, seal hunting, land mines, vegetarianism, poverty, music education. He is the father of five children. James Paul McCartney was born on 18 June 1942 in Walton Hospital, Liverpool, England, where Mary Patricia, had qualified to practise as a nurse. James McCartney, was absent from his son's birth due to his work as a volunteer firefighter during World War II. Paul has Michael. Religion was not emphasised in the household. In 1954, he met schoolmate George Harrison on the bus from his suburban home in Speke. The two quickly became friends; McCartney later admitted: "I tended to talk down to him because he was a year younger."Paul McCartney – Paul McCartney in 2010
11. John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band – John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band is the debut studio album by English rock musician John Lennon. Janov's technique emphasised emotionally reliving repressed childhood traumas rather than analytical discussion. Lennon's therapy was never completed due to the expiry of his US visa. With the experience he received from the therapy, he was able to channel his emotions into an album's worth of self-revelatory material. Lennon and Ono returned on 24 September 1970, to start working on Lennon's album a few days later. Lennon asked Spector, who had produced Lennon's hit "Instant Karma!" earlier that year, to co-produce the album. Lennon and Ono produced the album largely on their own, as Spector was unavailable during most of the recording sessions. Spector mixed the album towards the end of October. Lennon learned this technique from Donovan while the two were in Rishikesh. The album was released under the title ジョンの魂, which translates as "John's Soul". Lennon's cover is almost identical to Ono's companion piece, the subtle difference being that on Ono's cover, she is lying on Lennon's body. The photo was snapped by actor Dan Richter, who also worked as an assistant for the Lennons at the time. The compact disc issue of the album listed the title and artist, while the 2000 remastered version restores the original artwork. In addition, the original LP did not feature a listing on the back cover, which instead showed a school photo of Lennon in his youth. John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band was released on 11 December 1970.John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band – John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band
12. Imagine (album) – Imagine is the second studio album by John Lennon. The title track is considered one of Lennon's finest songs. In 2012, Imagine was voted 80th on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the "500 Greatest Albums of All Time". While in New York, both former-Beatles John Lennon and George Harrison had a short session. Harrison would ask friend and bassist Klaus Voormann, via a phone call, if he wanted to come to the recording sessions. A cover of The Olympics' 1958 song "Well", later released on John Lennon Anthology, was recorded in June 1971, during the recording of this album. Lennon would choose to remake "I Don't Want to Be a Soldier" once the main album sessions were under way. Lennon enlisted help from members of the Apple band Badfinger, Alan White and Jim Keltner. George Harrison would also drop by to contribute lead guitar parts on various songs. Recording for the album started on 23 June 1971, at Ascot Sound Studios. The album's title track "Imagine". Lennon and Ono flew to New York on 3 July 1971, to continue the next day at Record Plant. The tracks that were finished at Record Plant are: "It's So Hard", "I Don't Want to Be a Soldier" and "How Do You Sleep?". As on his last album, Phil Spector joined Lennon and Yoko Ono on Imagine. Extensive footage of the sessions, showing the evolution of some of the songs, was originally titled, Working Class Hero before being shelved.Imagine (album) – Imagine
13. Give Peace a Chance – "Give Peace a Chance" is a song written by John Lennon, performed with Yoko Ono in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. It peaked at number 14 on the British singles chart. The song was written during Lennon's ` Bed-In' honeymoon in Quebec, Canada. When asked by a reporter what he was trying to achieve by staying in bed, Lennon answered spontaneously "Just give a chance". He went on to say this several times during the Bed-In. Lennon was joined by Tommy Smothers of the Smothers Brothers, also on acoustic guitar. When released in 1969, the song was credited to Lennon–McCartney. Lennon changed this to "mastication" on the official lyric sheet. He later wanted to avoid unnecessary controversy. The song reached number 14 on the Billboard Hot 100 in the US. The British group also paid tribute to Lennon's words on their 1971 release The Yes Album, in "Your Move". After being issued as a single, it appeared in a truncated form for the singles compilation Shaved Fish in 1975. The track's full-length album appearance was on the compilation The John Lennon Collection. Shortly after the death of Lennon, fans sang "Give Peace a Chance". The single re-charted in January 1981, peaking at number 33.Give Peace a Chance – "Give Peace a Chance"
14. Imagine (John Lennon song) – "Imagine" is a song written and performed by the English musician John Lennon. Yoko Ono co-produced the album of the same name with Phil Spector. The song has since sold more than 1.6 million copies in the UK; it reached number one following Lennon's murder in December 1980. In 1985, the Central Park Conservancy memorialized a portion of the park in honor of Lennon, called Strawberry Fields, with a mosaic that reads "Imagine". BMI named "Imagine" one of the 100 most-performed songs of the 20th century. The song ranked number 30 on the Recording Industry Association of America's list of the 365 Songs of the Century bearing the most historical significance. It earned a Grammy Hall of an induction that Shaped Rock and Roll. Since 2005, event organisers have played it just before the New Year's Times Square Ball drops in New York City. Dozens of artists have recorded versions including Madonna, Stevie Wonder, Joan Baez, Elton John and Diana Ross. "Imagine" subsequently re-entered the UK Top 40, reaching number 18. Lennon later said the composition "should be credited as a Lennon/Ono song. The concept of positive prayer... That showed they didn't understand it at all. It would defeat the whole purpose of the song, the whole idea. Blaney wrote, "Lennon contends that global harmony is within our reach, but only if we reject the mechanisms of social control that restrict human potential."Imagine (John Lennon song) – "Imagine"
15. Yoko Ono – Yoko Ono is a Japanese multimedia artist, singer, songwriter, peace activist, also known for her work in performance art and filmmaking. She is the second wife and widow of singer-songwriter John Lennon of the Beatles. Ono grew up in Tokyo, studied at Gakushuin. She withdrew from her course after two years and rejoined her family in New York in 1953. Ono then became involved including the Fluxus group. She first met Lennon in 1966 at her own art exhibition in London, they became a couple in 1968. She brought feminism to the forefront in her music, influencing artists as diverse as the B-52s and Meredith Monk. Ono achieved critical acclaim with the chart-topping album Double Fantasy, a collaboration with Lennon released three weeks before his death. As Lennon's widow, Ono works to preserve his legacy. Ono funded the John Lennon Museum in Saitama, Japan. Ono has made philanthropic contributions to the arts, peace, other causes. In 2012 Yoko Ono received the Dr. Rainer Hildebrandt Human Rights Award endowed by Alexandra Hildebrandt. The award is given annually in recognition of extraordinary, non-violent commitment to human rights. Ono continues her social activism, inaugurating a biennial $50,000 LennonOno Grant for Peace in 2002 and co-founding the group Artists Against Fracking in 2012. She was born to Isoko Ono and Eisuke Ono, a banker and former classical pianist.Yoko Ono – Yoko Ono at the Museum of Contemporary Art of the University of São Paulo, Brazil in 2007
16. Vietnam War – It was officially fought between North Vietnam and the government of South Vietnam. As the war continued, the military actions of the Viet Cong decreased as the engagement of the NVA grew. South Vietnamese and U.S. forces relied on overwhelming firepower to conduct search and destroy operations, involving ground forces, artillery, airstrikes. In the course of the war, the U.S. conducted a strategic bombing campaign against North Vietnam. The Viet Cong were fighting to reunify Vietnam. They viewed the conflict against forces from France and later on the U.S.. The U.S. government viewed its involvement in the war as a way to prevent a Communist takeover of South Vietnam. This was part of a wider policy, with the stated aim of stopping the spread of communism. Beginning in 1950, military advisors arrived in what was then French Indochina. U.S. involvement again in 1962. Regular U.S. combat units were deployed beginning in 1965. Despite the Paris Peace Accord, signed by all parties in January 1973, the fighting continued. In the Western world, a large anti-Vietnam War movement developed as part of a larger counterculture. The war changed altered North -- South relations. Direct U.S. military involvement ended on 15 August 1973.Vietnam War – Clockwise, from top left: U.S. combat operations in Ia Drang, ARVN Rangers defending Saigon during the 1968 Tet Offensive, two Douglas A-4C Skyhawks en route for airstrikes against North Vietnam after the Gulf of Tonkin incident, ARVN recapture Quảng Trị during the 1972 Easter Offensive, civilians fleeing the 1972 Battle of Quảng Trị, burial of 300 victims of the 1968 Huế Massacre.
17. Richard Nixon – He had previously served as a U.S. Representative and Senator from California and as the 36th Vice President of the United States from 1953 to 1961 under the Presidency of Dwight D. Eisenhower. He was born in California. After completing his undergraduate studies at Whittier College, Nixon returned to California to practice law. His wife Pat moved to Washington in 1942 to work for the federal government. Nixon subsequently served during World War II. He was elected to the Senate in 1950. His pursuit of the Hiss Case elevated him to national prominence. Nixon was the running mate of the Republican Party presidential nominee in the 1952 election. He served as vice president. In 1968, Nixon was elected by defeating incumbent Vice President Hubert Humphrey. He ended American involvement in the war in Vietnam in 1973 and ended the military draft. His administration generally transferred power to the states. Nixon established the Environmental Protection Agency. He also presided over the Apollo 11 landing, which signaled the end of the moon race.Richard Nixon – Richard Nixon
18. Double Fantasy – Double Fantasy is a 1980 album released by John Lennon and Yoko Ono. It is the seventh and final album released by Lennon during his lifetime. Following the birth of his Sean in 1975, Lennon had put his career on hold to help raise him. After five years of musical activity aside from recording the occasional demo in his apartment in New York, Lennon felt ready to resume work. In the summer of 1980, Lennon made a sailing trip to Bermuda. During the journey, Lennon's yacht encountered most of the crew eventually succumbed to profound fatigue and seasickness. Lennon was eventually forced to take the yacht's wheel alone for many hours. Lennon found this invigorating. It had the effect of both making him contemplate the fragility of life. As a result, he reworked earlier demos. He commented later,'I was so centered after the experience at sea that I was tuned in to the cosmos – and all these songs came!' In stark contrast to that album, Double Fantasy was a collection of songs wherein wife would conduct a musical dialogue. Ono gave him Lennon's demos to listen to. They produced dozens of songs, enough to fill Double a large part of a projected second album, Milk and Honey. The sessions remained top secret.Double Fantasy – Double Fantasy
19. Death of John Lennon – On Monday, December 1980, Lennon was shot by Mark David Chapman in the archway of the Dakota, his residence in New York City. Lennon had just returned from Record Plant Studio with Yoko Ono. After sustaining four major gunshot wounds, Lennon was pronounced dead on arrival at Roosevelt Hospital. At the hospital, it was stated that nobody could have lived longer than a few minutes after sustaining such injuries. Shortly after local news stations reported Lennon's death, crowds gathered in front of the Dakota. The first media report of Lennon's death to a US national audience was announced on ABC's Monday Night Football. Photographer Annie Leibovitz went to the Lennons' apartment to do a photo shoot for Rolling Stone magazine. Leibovitz said, "Nobody wanted on the cover". After taking the pictures, Leibovitz left their apartment at 3:30 p.m.. As Lennon and Ono walked to a limousine, shared with the RKO Radio crew, they were approached by several people seeking autographs. Among them was Mark David Chapman. It was common for fans to wait outside the Dakota to ask for his autograph. Lennon obliged with an autograph. After signing the album, Lennon asked, "Is this all you want?" Chapman smiled and nodded in agreement. Photographer and Lennon fan Paul Goresh took a photo of the encounter.Death of John Lennon – Police artist's drawing of the murder
20. The Fame – The Fame is the debut studio album by American singer Lady Gaga. It was released through Interscope Records. After joining Kon Live Distribution and Cherrytree Records in 2008, Gaga began working on the album with different producers, primarily RedOne, Rob Fusari. Musically, The Fame is a synthpop and album that has influences of pop music from the 1980s. Lyrically, the album visualizes Gaga's love of fame in general while also dealing with subjects such as love, sex, money, sexual identity. Promotion was primarily through multiple television appearances. The Fame was included on the deluxe edition of the extended play, The Fame Monster. The album received generally favorable reviews from music critics, who commended Gaga's musicianship and vocal ability. The album was a commercial success, topping the charts in different countries worldwide, including the United Kingdom, Canada, Germany, Ireland, Poland and Switzerland. In the United States, it peaked on the Billboard 200, while topping the Dance/Electronic Albums chart for 106 non-consecutive weeks. The Fame became the best-selling album of 2009. It is the seventh best-selling digital album in history. The album sold million copies worldwide as of November 2010. Single "LoveGame" and "Paparazzi", were commercial successes as well, charting within the top ten of more than ten countries worldwide. "Eh, Eh" had a limited release, while "Beautiful, Dirty, Rich" was a single.The Fame – Gaga performing " Paparazzi " on The Fame Ball Tour.
21. Studio album – Vinyl LPs are still issued, though in the 21st century album sales have mostly focused on compact MP3 formats. The audio cassette was a format used through to the 1990s alongside vinyl. An album may be recorded in a recording studio, in a concert venue, in the field, or a mix of places. Recording may take a few hours to several years to complete, usually in several takes with different parts recorded separately, then brought or "mixed" together. Recordings that are done in one take without overdubbing are termed "live", even when done in a studio. The majority of studio recordings contain an abundance of editing, voice adjustments, etc.. Sometimes additional information is provided, such as analysis of the recording, lyrics or librettos. Historically, the term "album" was applied to a collection of various items housed in a format. In musical usage the word was used for collections of short pieces of printed music from the early century. Later, collections of 78rpm records were bundled in book-like albums. Or 33 1⁄3 rpm microgroove vinyl record, is a gramophone record format introduced by Columbia Records in 1948. It was adopted as a standard format for the "album". Apart from the important later addition of stereophonic sound capability, it has remained the standard format for vinyl albums. The term "album" had been carried forward from the early century when it had been used for collections of short pieces of music. Later, collections of related 78rpm records were bundled in book-like albums.Studio album – Early record albums were packages of 78 RPM records in book form
22. Lady Gaga – Stefani Joanne Angelina Germanotta, known professionally as Lady Gaga, is an American singer, songwriter and actress. From there, recording artist Akon helped her to sign a joint deal with Interscope Records and his own KonLive Distribution. The Fame was a critical and commercial success that produced international chart-topping singles such as "Just Dance" and "Poker Face". "Alejandro" were released, becoming successful singles. The album produced the number-one single "Born This Way". Her third Artpop, released in 2013, topped the US charts and included the successful single "Applause". In 2014, she released a collaborative jazz album to Cheek, which became her third consecutive number one in the United States. For her work in the series American Horror Story: Hotel, she won a Golden Globe Award in 2016. Gaga became the first woman to have four US one albums in the 2010s when her fifth studio album Joanne topped the nation's charts. Her achievements include twelve Guinness World Records, six Grammy Awards. Gaga is also the first artist to win the Songwriters Hall of Fame's Contemporary Icon Award. Stefani Joanne Angelina Germanotta was born on March 28, 1986, at the Lenox Hill Hospital to a Catholic family. Gaga's sister Natali is a student. From age eleven, Gaga attended the Convent of a private, all-girls Roman Catholic school on Manhattan's Upper East Side. Very studious, very disciplined" but also "a bit insecure".Lady Gaga – Gaga performing at the Cheek to Cheek Tour in June 2015
23. Interscope Records – Interscope Records is an American record company. At the time, it differed by giving decision-making authority to its A&R staff, allowing artists and producers complete creative control. It had its first hit records less than a year after it was founded and achieved profitability in 1993. In 1992, Interscope acquired the exclusive rights to distribute the hardcore rap label Death Row. Albums by Death Row artists included rappers Tupac Shakur, Snoop Dogg were at the center of the mid -'90s gangsta rap controversy. As a result, Time Warner severed ties by selling its 50 percent stake back to Field and Iovine for $115 million in 1995. In 1996, 50 % of the label was acquired for a reported $200 million. Iovine served until May 2014. He was succeeded by John Janick. Interscope is headquartered in California. The label's best-selling artists include Eminem, Lady Gaga. In 1989, Ted Field began to build Interscope Records as a division of Interscope Communications. Separately, Iovine, who had produced records among others, was trying to raise money to start a label. "I thought, ` Music is going to change,' Iovine said in 1997." "'Young bands aren't going to be asking for me.'Interscope Records – Interscope Records
25. RedOne – Nadir Al-Khayat, better known by stage name RedOne, is a Moroccan-Swedish record producer, singer, songwriter and record executive. His production discography boasts many Billboard and international hits, which he co-wrote. RedOne has established his own label named RedOne Records. RedOne has been nominated for six Grammy Awards, winning three. He was also awarded The Grammis Award for Producer of the Year, the Swedish equivalent to Grammy Awards. In 2009, he was the number one producer on the Billboard Hot 100, BMI Songwriter of the Year. Commonly, he produces pop, rock, dance, house genres. RedOne was born as Nadir Al-Khayat in Tetouan, Morocco. In 1991, he immigrated to Sweden when he was 19, to pursue a career as a musician. Originally, he pursued his musical ambitions by singing and playing guitar in various local rock bands for about four years from 1991 to 1995. He also acquired Swedish citizenship by naturalization. In 1995, he changed directions by opting to write songs for other artists. Instrumental in helping him make this transition was another fellow ex-rock musician. Yacoub, a Palestinian-Swedish songwriter/producer was a well-established producer. He chose the alias ` RedOne', Redouan.RedOne – Nadir Khayat at Tetouan in 2012
26. Dance-pop – Dance-pop is a pop and dance subgenre that originated in the early 1980s. It is generally up-tempo music intended with the intention of being danceable but also suitable for contemporary hit radio. The genre, on the whole, tends to be producer-driven, despite some notable exceptions. Dance-pop borrowed influences from other genres, which varied by producer, period. Such include contemporary R&B, house, trance, techno, new jack swing, funk, synthpop, some forms of europop. There have been numerous pop artists and groups who perform in the genre. Dance-pop music emerged as a combination of dance and pop, or post-disco, up-tempo and simple, club-natured, producer-driven and catchy. Dance-pop music was usually created, produced by record producers who would then hire singers to perform the songs. In the beginning of the 80s disco was an anathema to the mainstream pop. Erlewine claimed that Madonna "launched dance-pop" and set the standard for the genre for the next two decades. The staff of Vice magazine stated that her album "drew the blueprint for future dance-pop." In the 1980s dance-pop was closely aligned to other electronic genres, such as Hi-NRG. Prominent producers in the 1980s included Stock, Aitken and Waterman, who created Hi-NRG/dance-pop for artists such as Kylie Minogue, Alive and Bananarama. During the decade, dance-pop borrowed influences from funk, contemporary R&B. Prominent dance-pop artists and groups of the 1980s included the Pet Shop Boys, Mel and Kim, Samantha Fox, Debbie Gibson, Tiffany.Dance-pop – Kylie Minogue, a popular and successful dance-pop artist of the late-1980s, 1990s, 2000s and early-2010s.
27. Synthpop – Synthpop is a subgenre of new wave music that first became prominent in the late 1970s which features the synthesizer as the dominant musical instrument. In Japan, Yellow Magic Orchestra's success opened the way for synthpop bands such as P-Model, Plastics, Hikashu. The definition of MIDI and the use of dance beats, led to a more commercial and accessible sound for synthpop. Some bands like Depeche Mode, who helped popularise the genre, were criticised for gender bending. Synthpop was defined by its primary use of synthesizers, sometimes using them to replace all other instruments. Many synthpop musicians had limited musical skills, relying on the technology to reproduce the music. The result was often minimalist, with grooves that were "typically woven together from repeated riffs often with no harmonic ` progression' to speak of". Early synthpop has been described as "eerie, vaguely menacing", using droning electronics with little change in inflection. Lyrical themes of synthpop songs were isolation, urban anomie, feelings of being emotionally cold and hollow. Synthesizers were increasingly used to imitate the clichéd sound of orchestras and horns. Thin, treble-dominant, melodies simple drum programmes gave way to thick, compressed production, a more conventional drum sound. Lyrics were generally more optimistic, dealing with more traditional matter for pop music such as romance, escapism and aspiration. Because synthesizers removed the need for large groups of musicians, these singers were often part of a duo where their partner played all the instrumentation. Later synthpop saw a shift to a style more influenced by other genres, such as music. Instrumental rock was particularly significant in continental Europe, allowing bands like Kraftwerk, Tangerine Dream, Can and Faust to circumvent the language barrier.Synthpop – The Prophet-5, one of the first polyphonic synthesizers. It was widely used in 1980s synthpop, along with the Roland Jupiter and Yamaha DX7.
28. The Fame Ball Tour – The Fame Ball Tour was the debut concert tour by American singer Lady Gaga, in support of her debut studio album The Fame. North American shows began in March, followed by dates in Oceania and a solo trek through Europe. Dates in Asia soon followed, as well as two performances at England's V Festival and two shows in North America, postponed from April. Gaga described the tour as a traveling museum show incorporating artist Andy Warhol's pop-performance art concept. Tickets were distributed for charity also. Alternate versions of the show with minimal variations were planned by Gaga to accommodate different venues. The show consisted of four segments, with each segment being followed by a video interlude to the next segment, it ended with an encore. The list consisted from her album only. Gaga appeared on the stage in new costumes including an innovative dress made entirely of bubbles and premiered an unreleased song called "Future Love". An alternate set list with minor changes were performed after the first North American leg of the tour. The tour was officially announced on January 12, 2009 through Gaga's official MySpace page. She stated, "I consider what I do to be more of an Andy Warhol concept: pop performance art, multimedia, film. And it's all coming together, it's going to be traveling museum show." Gaga started planning for the show while on the tour with The Pussycat Dolls. In an interview with MTV News, she described the tour as, "It's not really a tour, it's more of a traveling party.The Fame Ball Tour – Official poster for the tour
29. The Fame Monster – The Fame Monster is the reissue of American singer Lady Gaga's debut studio album The Fame. Gaga recruited a variety of close collaborators to help engineer The Fame Monster including RedOne, Teddy Riley. Its matter explores fame, love, sexuality, female empowerment and so forth, sometimes through various monster metaphors. Goth subculture provide the backbone for the album's visual work, including its art, shot by French photographer Hedi Slimane. The Fame Monster was promoted by television and festival performances, spawning the international singles "Bad Romance", "Telephone", "Dance in the Dark". The Fame Monster was well received by critics, many of whom praised Gaga's creative ambition. The idea of a re-release arose after the success of Gaga's first major studio album. As The Fame Monster began taking definite form, it developed into "much more than that". She had already composed "Monster" by March 2009. The album's musical direction was also shaped by Gaga's touring experiences, in which she allegedly encountered "several monsters" that encapsulated her biggest fears. These fears were divided into various monster metaphors, such as the "Fear of Sex Monster", "Fear of Alcohol Monster", so forth. "I spent a lot of nights in Eastern Europe," the singer said. "And this album is the runway". She wrote new music while viewing muted fashion shows, "I am compelled to say my music was scored for them." Recording sessions were held in Los Angeles, London, Amsterdam.The Fame Monster
30. Gwen Stefani – Gwen Renée Stefani is an American singer, songwriter, fashion designer. During the band's hiatus, Stefani embarked by releasing her debut studio Love. Angel. Music. Baby. Inspired from the 1980s, the album was met with both commercial success. In 2006 Stefani released her second studio album The Sweet Escape. The album produced two successful singles: "Wind It Up" and the album's title track "The Sweet Escape". Stefani has won three Grammy Awards. As a artist she has received several accolades, including an American Music Award, Brit Award, two Billboard Music Awards. In 2003, she expanded her collection with drawing inspiration from Japanese culture and fashion. Stefani performs and makes public appearances with four back-up dancers known as the Harajuku Girls. She was married to British musician Gavin Rossdale from 2002 to 2015 and they have three sons. Billboard magazine ranked Stefani the 54th most successful artist and 37th most successful Hot 100 artist of the 2000–09 decade. VH1 ranked her 13th on their "100 Greatest Women in Music" list in 2012.Gwen Stefani – Stefani at the 2011 Cannes Film Festival
31. Billboard (magazine) – Billboard is a United States entertainment media brand owned by Prometheus Global Media. It publishes pieces involving news, video, reviews, events and style. It is also known for its music charts, including Billboard 200, tracking the most popular singles and albums in different genres. It also hosts events, operates several TV shows. Billboard was founded in 1894 as a trade publication for bill posters. Donaldson later acquired Hennegen's interest for US$500. In the 1900s, it covered the industry, such as circuses, fairs and burlesque shows. It also created a service for travelling entertainers. Billboard began focusing more on the industry as the jukebox, phonograph and radio became commonplace. Many topics it covered were spun-off including Amusement Business in 1961 to cover outdoor entertainment so that it could focus on music. After Donaldson died in 1925, Billboard was passed down to his Hennegan's children, until it was sold to private investors in 1985. The magazine continued to change hands to Affiliated Publications, its current owner, Prometheus Global Media. As of 2016, it has been shifting online. Formerly located at 770 Broadway, New York, NY, they recently moved uptown to 340 Madison Avenue, New York, NY. The first issue of Billboard was published in Cincinnati, Ohio, by William Donaldson and James Hennegan.Billboard (magazine) – An 1896 issue of Billboard
32. Billboard 200 – The Billboard 200 is a record chart ranking the 200 most popular music albums and EPs in the United States, published weekly by Billboard magazine. It is frequently used to convey groups of artists. Often, a recording act will be remembered by those of their albums that outperformed all others during at least one week. The chart is based mostly on sales of albums in the United States. A new chart is published the following Tuesday with an issue post-dated to the Saturday of the following week. The chart's schedule is also tracked from Friday to Thursday. New product is released to the American market on Fridays. Digital downloads of albums are also included in Billboard 200 tabulation. Albums that are not licensed for retail sale in the United States are not eligible to chart. As of the issue dated December 2016, the number-one album on the Billboard 200 is 4 Your Eyez Only by J. Cole. Billboard began an chart in 1945. Only five positions long the album chart was not published on a weekly basis, sometimes three to seven weeks passing before it was updated. A biweekly, Best-Selling Popular Albums chart appeared in 1955. The count varied anywhere from 10 to 30 albums. The number-one album on the new weekly list was Belafonte by Harry Belafonte.Billboard 200 – Contents
33. Stevie Wonder – Stevland Hardaway Morris, known by his stage name Stevie Wonder, is an American musician, singer, songwriter, record producer, multi-instrumentalist. He is considered to be one of the most critically and commercially successful musical performers of the late 20th century. He continued performing and recording for Motown into the 2010s. He has been blind since shortly after birth. In 2009, Wonder was named a United Nations Messenger of Peace. Stevie Wonder was born in Saginaw, Michigan, in 1950, Lula Mae Hardaway, a songwriter. When Wonder was four, his mother moved to Detroit with her children. She later changed her son's surname to Morris, partly because of relatives. Wonder has retained Morris as his legal surname. He began playing instruments including piano, harmonica and drums. He formed a partnership with a friend; calling themselves Stevie and John, they played on street corners, occasionally at parties and dances. Before signing, producer Clarence Paul gave the name Little Stevie Wonder. Because of Wonder's age, the label drew up a five-year contract in which royalties would be held in trust until Wonder was 21. For a year they worked together on two albums. Tribute to Uncle Ray was recorded first, when Wonder was still 11 years old.Stevie Wonder – Wonder performing in 1973
34. La Isla Bonita – "La Isla Bonita" is a song by American singer Madonna from her third studio album True Blue. It was released by Sire Records. The instrumental version of the song was first offered to Michael Jackson before Madonna both wrote the lyrics and melody. The lyrics of the song tell about a beautiful island and according to Madonna, was a tribute to the beauty of the Latin people. Following its release, "La Isla Bonita" received a positive reception from critics. It also achieved worldwide popularity, topping the record charts in countries such as Austria, Canada, France, Germany and Switzerland. It became Madonna's fourth number-one single in the United Kingdom, giving the record for most number-one singles for a female artist. In the United States, it reached number four on the Hot 100 chart. In the accompanying video, Madonna portrayed two opposite characters -- a young, pious Catholic woman and a glamorous, passionate Latina. The flamenco red dress she wore became a trend later. Madonna remixes to accompany it. The song has been covered by a number of artists including French recording artist Alizée for her album Psychédélices. "La Isla Bonita" was written by Madonna, Bruce Gaitsch. "La Isla Bonita" was the first Madonna song to employ Spanish motifs, going so as to include Spanish lyrics. Madonna described the song to the "beauty and mystery of Latin American people".La Isla Bonita – Madonna sings "La Isla Bonita" as she is followed by her dancers, in the 2006 Confessions Tour
35. Singer-songwriter – Singer-songwriters are musicians who write, compose, perform their own musical material including lyrics and melodies. The genre began with the folk-acoustic tradition. Singer-songwriters often provide the sole accompaniment to song, typically using a guitar or piano. Song topics include political protest, as in the case of the Almanac Singers, Woody Guthrie. "Singer-songwriter" is used to define popular music artists who perform their own material, often self-accompanied generally on acoustic guitar or piano. Such an artist performs the roles of composer, lyricist, vocalist, often self-manager. Most records by such artists have spare sound that placed emphasis on the song itself. The concept of a singer-songwriter can be traced to ancient oral tradition, which has existed in various forms throughout the world. Poems would be performed as song, sometimes accompanied by a harp or other similar instrument. After the invention of printing, songs would be performed by ballad sellers. Usually these would be versions of existing lyrics, which were constantly evolving. This developed into the singer-songwriting traditions of culture. Traveling performers existed throughout Europe. The term "singer-songwriter" in North America can be traced back to singers who developed works in the blues and folk style. Early to mid-20th century American singer-songwriters include Lead Belly, Jimmie Rodgers, Blind Lemon Jefferson, T-Bone Walker, Blind Willie McTell, Lightnin' Hopkins, Robert Johnson.Singer-songwriter – Woody Guthrie
36. True Blue (Madonna album) – True Blue is the third studio album by American singer-songwriter Madonna, released on June 30, 1986, by Sire Records. She co-produced the entire album with Patrick Leonard. The album features instrumentation from acoustic guitars, Cuban musical instruments. The topic for the songs range from love, freedom, in the case of "Papa Don't Preach", social issues like teenage pregnancy. It spent 34 consecutive weeks at the top of the European Top 100 Albums chart, longer than any other album in history. It became the world's top-selling album of 1986, as well as the best-selling album of the 1980s by a female artist. With estimated sales of over 25 million copies worldwide, True Blue remains one of the best-selling albums of all time. The album was promoted on Madonna's second concert tour, the Who's That Girl World Tour, which visited cities of North America, Europe and Asia in 1987. Their accompanying music videos have sparked debates among social groups. The album also gave her first appearance on the Guinness Book of World Records. She was also credited with co-producing every track. The album was recorded during the first year of Madonna's marriage to American actor Sean Penn.. She dedicated the album to Penn saying, "This is dedicated to my husband, the coolest guy in the universe." Deemed Madonna's most album yet, True Blue deals with Madonna's view of work and dreams as well as disappointments. According to Madonna, True Blue takes its title from a favorite expression of her then husband Sean Penn and his very pure vision of love.True Blue (Madonna album) – The album was inspired by and dedicated to actor Sean Penn, Madonna's husband at the time.
37. Sire Records – Sire Records is an American record label, owned by Warner Music Group and distributed by Warner Bros. Records. The label was founded in 1966 by Seymour Stein and Richard Gottehrer each investing ten thousand dollars into the new company. Its early releases, in 1968, were distributed by London Records. From the beginning, Sire introduced underground, British bands to the American market. Early releases included the Climax Blues Band, Barclay James Harvest, Tomorrow, proto-punks the Deviants. ABC Records inherited Sire's contract when it acquired Famous Music in 1974. The UK policy was vindicated when Climax Blues Band scored a Top 40 hit in 1977 with "Couldn't Get It Right". Also in 1977 Stein, who had worked with the group in the 1960s, convinced the Shangri-Las to the studio. But the trio was unhappy with the quality of material it opted out of its contract; the tracks have yet to be released. Sire switched distribution to Warner Bros. Records in 1977; in 1978, Warner acquired Sire Records. Into the 1990s, the label had continued success with Seal, k.d. lang, Ministry. In 1994, Sire switched distribution from Warner Bros. Records to sister label Elektra Records. Stein had been appointed president of Elektra Records under Elektra's newly appointed CEO Sylvia Rhone. Currently, it signs newcomers like the Ready Lights.Sire Records – Sire Records
38. Michael Jackson – Michael Joseph Jackson was an American singer, songwriter, record producer, dancer, actor, philanthropist. He began his solo career in 1971. In the early 1980s, Jackson became a dominant figure in popular music. The popularity of these videos helped bring the television channel MTV to fame. He forged a reputation as a touring artist. Through video performances, Jackson popularized a number such as the robot and the moonwalk, to which he gave the name. His distinctive sound and style has influenced numerous artists of various music genres. Thriller is the best-selling album of all time, with estimated sales of 65 million copies worldwide. Jackson's other albums, including Off the Wall, HIStory, also rank among the world's best-selling albums. He is recognized as the Most Successful Entertainer of All Time by Guinness World Records. Jackson has won hundreds of awards, making him the most awarded recording artist in the history of popular music. Aspects including his changing appearance, behavior, generated controversy. Conrad Murray, was convicted of involuntary manslaughter. A live broadcast of his public service was viewed around the world. Forbes ranks Jackson as the dead celebrity, with yearly earnings of the highest ever recorded by the publication.Michael Jackson – Jackson performing in 1988, during the Bad World Tour
39. Classical guitar – The classical guitar is the member of the guitar family used in classical music. It is an wooden guitar with strings made of nylon, rather than the metal strings used in acoustic and electric guitars. The modern steel guitar, on the other hand, usually has fourteen frets clear of the body and is commonly played off the hip. The earlier baroque guitars with five courses. Classical guitar strings once made of catgut are now made of such polymers with fine silver wire wound about the acoustically lower strings. A guitar tree may be identified. The guitar derives from the modern classical, but has differences in material, construction and sound. Today's classical guitar was established by the late designs of the 19th-century Spanish luthier, Antonio Torres Jurado. Cultural baroque court music, 19th century opera and its influences, 19th century folk songs, Latin American music, etc. Thus over recent decades we have become accustomed to specialist artists with expertise in the art of 19th-century guitar, etc.. Different types of guitars have e.g. different colour-spectrum characteristics, different response, etc.. These guitars in sound different from the Torres models used by Segovia, that are suited for interpretations of romantic-modern works such as Moreno Torroba. When considering the guitar from a historical perspective, the musical instrument used is just as important as the musical style of the particular period. As an example: It is impossible to play Corbetta on a modern classical guitar. The reason is that the baroque guitar used courses, which are together that are plucked together.Classical guitar – Baroque Guitars from the Museum Cité de la Musique in Paris (which houses almost 200 classical guitars)
40. Maraca – Maracas, sometimes called Rumba shakers, shac-shacs, various other names, are rattles which appear in many genres of Caribbean and Latin music. Players shake them. Maracas can't be tuned. Rattles made from gourds are being shaken by the natural grip, while the calabash fruits are fitted to a handle. It is crowned with the red feathers of the Goaraz. Every man had his maraca. To heal the sick. Andean curanderos use maracas in their healing rites. Modern maraca balls are also made of leather, plastic.Maraca – Maraca
41. Harmonica – There are many types including diatonic, chromatic, tremolo, octave, orchestral, bass versions. A harmonica is played by using the mouth into or out of one or more holes along a mouthpiece. Behind each hole is a chamber containing at least one reed. When the free end is made to vibrate by the player's air, it alternately unblocks the airway to produce sound. Reeds are pre-tuned to individual pitches. Tuning may involve changing the stiffness near its fixed end. Stiffer reeds make higher-pitched sounds. An important technique in performance is bending: causing a drop in pitch by making embouchure adjustments. Two-reed pitch changes actually involve sound production by the normally silent reed, the opening reed. The basic parts of the harmonica are the comb, cover plates. The comb is the main body of the instrument, which, when assembled with the reedplates, forms air chambers for the reeds. The comb may originate from the similarity between this part of a harmonica and a hair comb. Harmonica combs were traditionally made from wood but now are also made from metal. Some experimental comb designs are complex in the way that they direct the air. There is dispute among players about whether material affects the tone of a harmonica.Harmonica – A 16-hole chromatic (top) and 10-hole diatonic harmonica
42. Flamenco – Flamenco is an artform native to the Spanish regions of Andalusia, Extremadura and Murcia. It includes cante, toque, baile, palmas and pitos. The oldest record of flamenco dates by José Cadalso. The genre originated in the dance styles of Andalusia. In recent years, flamenco is taught in many non-Hispanic countries, especially the United States and Japan. In Japan, there are more flamenco academies than there are in Spain. On November 2010, UNESCO declared flamenco one of the Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity. There are no solid evidence for any of them. The word was not recorded until the late 18th century. The Spanish flamenco could have been a derivative of "fire" or "flame". The flamenco may have come to be used for fiery behaviour, which could have come to be applied to the Gitano players and performers. Palos are flamenco styles, classified by criteria such as rhythmic pattern, mode, chord progression, geographic origin. There are over 50 different palos, some are sung unaccompanied while others have other accompaniment. Some forms are danced while others are not. Forms that do not fit either category are classed as cante intermedio.Flamenco – Flamenco dancer with traditional dress
43. List of David Bowie awards and nominations – David Bowie was a British musician and actor. Bowie's first album was Hunky Dory in 1971 which reached number three in the UK Albums Chart. Bowie began The Image. He has won 14 awards from 52 nominations. The American Music Awards are awarded for outstanding achievements in the industry. Bowie has received one nomination. The BAFTA Television Awards are awarded by the British Academy of Film and Television Arts. Bowie has received one nomination. The BRIT Awards are the British Phonographic Industry's annual music awards. Bowie has two wins from eight nominations. In addition, he received the BRITs Icon Award posthumously in 2016. The Daytime Emmy Awards are awarded by the National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences in the United States. Bowie has won one award from one nomination. The Golden Globe Awards are awarded in the United States. Bowie has received one nomination.List of David Bowie awards and nominations – David Bowie in 2006
44. Webby Awards – Categories include websites, advertising & media, online film & video, mobile sites & apps, social. Each winner presents a five-word acceptance speech, a trademark of the annual awards show. Hailed as the "Internet’s highest honor," the award is one of the older Internet-oriented awards, is associated with the phrase "The Oscars of the Internet." The Webby Awards began in 1996, sponsored by the Academy of Web Design and Cool Site of the Day. That first year, they were called "Webbie" Awards. The first "Site of the Year" winner was the pioneer webisodic serial The Spot. Today's Webby's were founded by Tiffany Shlain when she was hired by the The Web Magazine to establish the awards. The event quickly became known for their "5 Speeches". After the first year the awards became more successful than the magazine and IDG closed the publication. Shlain continued to run The Webby Awards with the help of Maya Draisin until 2004. In 2009, the 13th Annual Webby Awards received nearly 10,000 entries from all 50 states and over 60 countries. That same year, more than 500,000 votes were cast in The Webby People's Voice Awards. In 2012, the sixteenth Annual Webby awards received 1.5 million votes from more than 200 countries for the People's Voice awards. In 2015, the 19th Annual Webby Awards received nearly 13,000 entries from all 50 U.S. states and over 60 countries worldwide. During the Call for Entries phase, each entry is rated by Associate Members of the International Academy of Digital Arts & Sciences.Webby Awards – 2008 Webby Awards, Chocolate Rain.
45. Dinosaur (Kesha song) – "Dinosaur" is a song by American recording artist and songwriter Kesha, taken from her debut studio album Animal. The song's conception stems from an encounter Kesha had with an older man, hitting on her, which she compared to a prehistoric dinosaur. "Dinosaur" is a dance-pop song that lyrically discusses an older man, attempting to hit on a younger female, ultimately rejected. The song received generally negative reviews from music critics. Upon the release of Animal, "Dinosaur" charted on the South Korea Gaon International Chart, peaking 107 respectively. "Dinosaur" is a song written by Kesha Sebert, in collaboration with Max Martin, Shellback; the latter two are responsible for the song's production. The song's conception use a metaphor, comparing an older man to a carnivorous dinosaur. All three composers were responsible for providing the song's instruments. The song's recording was commenced by Martin and Shellback. D-I-N-O-S-A-you are a dinosaur.'" "Dinosaur" is a song composed in the dance-pop genre. Kesha's vocal range in the song spans from the lower note of E3 to the higher note of E5. The song encompasses a whistle in its production, the latter of, described as a "whistle-synth." Rebecca Blissett of The Georgia Straight described the song as a "percussion-bombed snot-rapper". According to Andrew Burgess of musicOMH, "Dinosaur" features a "Mark Mothersbaugh-like whistle-synth" and focuses on "the grossness of older men hitting on younger girls".Dinosaur (Kesha song) – Actress Heather Morris (pictured) covered the song in the television series Glee, aired on May 8, 2012.
46. Kesha – Kesha Rose Sebert is an American singer, songwriter, rapper. At age 18, she was signed to producer Dr. Luke's label Kemosabe Records. Her breakthrough came after appearing on American rapper Flo Rida's number-one single "Right Round". Cannibal, were released in 2010. Kesha's image propelled her to immediate commercial success, with Animal debuting as the number-one album in the United States. A string of top-ten singles from the album and its re-release. At the same time, Kesha continued to write songs for other artists, including "Till the World Ends" for Britney Spears. "Tik Tok" is among the digital singles in history, selling over 14 million units internationally. After experimenting with country, electronic music, she stuck with the latter. Thematically, her music generally revolves around escapism, partying, individuality, supernatural moments, grief. She has been involved with LGBT activism. Kesha has received several nominations, including her win for MTV Europe Music Award for Best New Act in 2010. As of November 2013, Kesha has reportedly sold over 60 million records worldwide. She was born in California. A single mother, struggled financially while supporting herself, Kesha, Kesha's older brother Lagan; they relied on welfare payments and food stamps to get by.Kesha – Kesha at Planes: Fire & Rescue premiere at El Capitan Theatre in July 2014
47. Usher (entertainer) – Usher Raymond IV is an American singer, songwriter, dancer, actor. Born in Dallas, Texas but lived in Chattanooga, Tennessee until moving to Atlanta, Georgia. At the age of 12, his mother put him before catching the attention of a music A&R from LaFace Records. In August 1994 he released Usher. His third album 8701, produced the number-one singles "U Remind Me" and "U Got It Bad". The former won his first Grammy Award in 2002, along with "U Don't Have to Call" in 2003 for Best Male R&B Vocal Performance. Confessions established him as one of the musical artists of the 2000s decade. It sold 20 million copies worldwide, bolstered by its four consecutive Billboard Hot 100 number one singles; "Yeah!", "Burn", "Confessions Part II", "My Boo". It has been certified Diamond by the Recording Industry Association of America, earning three Grammy Awards in 2005. Versus, also produced the Hot 100 top-five single "DJ Got Us Fallin' in Love". Looking 4 Myself, also produced the Hot 100 top-ten single "Scream". Looking 4 Myself received Grammy Awards for R&B singles "There Goes My Baby" and "Climax". Hard II Love was released, peaking at number five of the Billboard 200 albums chart. Usher has sold 38.2 million digital songs in the United States. To date, his worldwide sales stand at 75 million records overall, making him one of the best-selling music artists.Usher (entertainer) – Usher during the Division 1 launch party, 2010
48. Looking 4 Myself – Looking 4 Myself is the seventh studio album by American singer Usher. It was released by RCA Records. In October 2011, it was announced that the disbandment have been occurred between the J/LaFace imprint. It features these several guest vocalists; including ASAP Rocky. Defined by the singer, critics noted that Looking 4 Myself incorporates the genres R&B, pop, hip hop, electronic, Europop and dubstep. Critic Barry Walters has described it as a key release in the emerging R&B genre. Upon its release, Looking 4 Myself received generally positive reviews from contemporary music critics. Most of them praised the album's diversity in genre, while some were ambivalent towards its pop material and lack of structure. The album debuted atop the US Billboard 200 chart, selling 128,000 copies in its first week, becoming Usher's fourth number one album in the country. As of October 2014, Looking 4 Myself has sold 504,000 copies according to Nielsen SoundScan. Worldwide, it attained top-ten positions over eight other countries including Australia, Canada, Germany and the United Kingdom. Looking 4 Myself was "Lem me See" featuring Rick Ross, "Numb" and "Dive". "Climax" topped the Hot R&B / Hip-Hop Songs chart for eleven weeks. "Scream" peaked on the Hot 100 and several other countries. "Numb" peaked at number 69 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart.Looking 4 Myself – Usher hoped to initiate a collaboration with David Guetta (pictured)
49. Billy Joel – William Martin "Billy" Joel is an American singer-songwriter and pianist. His compilation album Greatest Hits Vol. 1 & 2 is one of the best-selling albums in the US. Joel had Top 40 hits in the 1970s, 1990s, achieving 33 Top 40 hits in the US, all of which he wrote himself. He is also a six-time Grammy winner, nominated for 23 Grammy Awards. He has sold more than million records worldwide, making him one of the best-selling artists of all time. Joel was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame, the Long Island Music Hall of Fame. In 2001, Joel received the Johnny Mercer Award from the Songwriters Hall of Fame. In 2013, Joel received the nation's highest honor for influencing American culture through the arts. With the exception of the 2007 songs "All My Life" and "Christmas in Fallujah", Joel stopped releasing pop/rock material after 1993's River of Dreams. However, he plays songs from all eras of his solo career. Joel's father, a classical pianist, was born in Germany, to a Jewish family, the son of a merchant and manufacturer, Karl Amson Joel. Howard immigrated to the US to escape the Nazi regime. Rosalind, was born in England to Jewish parents, Philip and Rebecca Nyman. Howard Joel divorced in 1957. Howard Joel moved to Vienna, Austria.Billy Joel – Joel at opening night of the 2009 season at the Metropolitan Opera
50. Uptown Girl – "Uptown Girl" is a song written and performed by American musician Billy Joel. It was released on his ninth studio album An Innocent Man. The lyrics describe a working-class "man" attempting to woo a wealthy "uptown girl." Joel also has said that the song was inspired by the music of the Four Seasons. Although "Uptown Girl" was not as successful in the U.S. as single "Tell Her About It", it was still a big hit. The song was the biggest-selling single of the 1980s in the United Kingdom, selling 975,000 copies. It has sold million copies as of 2013. The character in the music video was played by Christie Brinkley. "Uptown Girl" was recorded by Irish band Westlife for their third studio album, World of Our Own. It was released from the album. It was also the 2001 Comic Relief charity single. The song was also included on Asian Deluxe Edition Bonus Disc of the group's second album, Coast to Coast. "Uptown Girl" reached number one in the United Kingdom. It also achieved the highest first-week sales of any of their singles. It has since been certified Platinum for shipments of 600,000 copies.Uptown Girl – "Uptown Girl"
51. Adult contemporary music – Adult contemporary tends to have lush, soothing and highly polished qualities where emphasis on melody and harmonies is accentuated. It is usually melodic enough to get a listener's attention, is inoffensive and pleasurable enough to work well as background music. Like most of pop music, its songs tend to be written in a basic format employing a verse–chorus structure. Adult contemporary is heavy on romantic sentimental ballads which mostly use acoustic instruments such as acoustic guitars, pianos, saxophones, sometimes an orchestral set. The electric guitars are normally faint and high-pitched. However, recent adult contemporary music may usually feature synthesizers. AC radio often targets the 25–44 age group, the demographic that has received the most attention from advertisers since the 1960s. A common practice in recent years of adult contemporary stations is to play less newer music and more hits of the past. This de-emphasis on new songs slows the progression of the AC chart. Over the years, AC has spawned subgenres including "hot AC", "soft AC", "urban AC", "rhythmic AC", "Christian AC". Some stations play only "hot AC", "soft AC", or only one of the variety of subgenres. Therefore, it is not usually considered a specific genre of music; it is merely an assemblage of selected tracks from musicians of many different genres. Adult contemporary traces its roots to the 1960s easy listening format, which adopted a 70-80% instrumental - 20-30% vocal mix. A few offered 90% instrumentals, a handful were entirely instrumental. Billboard first published the Easy Listening chart July 17, 1961, with 20 songs; the first number one was "Boll Weevil Song" by Brook Benton.Adult contemporary music – Adult contemporary artist Celine Dion is one of the biggest international stars in music history, selling more than 220 million albums worldwide.
52. Art popArt pop – Art Pop
53. Baroque pop – Baroque pop is a pop music subgenre that fuses classical music, orchestral pop, rock, Baroque music. It is identifiable for its use of dramatic or melancholic gestures. The genre emerged in the 1960s after pop musicians and record producers began placing the harpsichord in the foreground of their arrangements. Baroque pop instrumentation includes string sections, French horns, oboes. Baroque pop, stylistically, fuses elements of rock with classical music, often incorporating horns to achieve a majestic, orchestral sound. Its prominent characteristics are the use of contrapuntal melodies and functional harmony patterns. It was intended to be a more mature outgrowth of music. "English baroque" is used by journalist Bob Stanley to describe a subset that existed between 1968 and 1973. One of the first pop rock hits to use a harpsichord was the Jamies' "Summertime, Summertime". Slate's Forrest Wickman credits the Beatles' producer, George Martin, for the move into baroque pop. Along with Burt Bacharach, Spector had melded pop music with classical elements before they were melded with rock. Writer Andrew Jackson suggests that "the era of baroque pop" in which "rock melded with classical elements" was prefaced by the Rolling Stones and Brian Wilson. Author Joe Harrington noted that after its release, many "baroque-rock" works would soon appear. Producer Tommy LiPuma believed: "Once the Beatles featured that harpsichord sound on'In My Life,' pop producers began working it in." The genre is traced to the United States and the United Kingdom.Baroque pop – The Beatles (with help from George Martin) consciously chose their orchestral arrangements to reflect an English Baroque feel, as per their contemporaries.
54. Britpop – The most successful bands associated with the movement are Oasis, Blur, Suede and Pulp; those groups would come to be known as its "big four". An influence they shared in particular was the Smiths whose Morrissey championed a nostalgic view of Britain. These bands were soon joined by others including The Verve, Supergrass, Cast, Placebo, Space, Sleeper and Elastica. Britpop groups formed the backbone of a larger British cultural movement called Cool Britannia. A battle between Blur and Oasis dubbed "The Battle of Britpop" brought Britpop to the forefront of the British press in 1995. By 1997, however, the movement began to slow down; many acts broke up. The popularity of the group the Spice Girls "snatched the spirit of the age from those responsible for Britpop." Specific influences vary: Blur and Oasis drew from the Beatles, respectively, while Elastica had a fondness for arty punk rock. Regardless, Britpop artists project a sense of reverence for British pop sounds of the past. Alternative rock acts from the indie scene of early Nineties were the direct ancestors of the Britpop movement. The influence of the Smiths is common to the majority of Britpop artists. Regional British accents are common to Britpop groups, as well as references to British places and culture in lyrics and image. Stylistically, Britpop bands use catchy lyrics that were relevant to young British people of their own generation. Britpop bands conversely denounced grunge as irrelevant and having nothing to say about their lives. Damon Albarn of Blur summed up the attitude in 1993 when after being asked if Blur were an "anti-grunge band" he said, "Well, that's good.Britpop – The Stone Roses playing live.
55. Bubblegum pop – Bubblegum's classic period ran from 1967 to 1972. A second wave of bubblegum ran until 1977 when punk rock emerged. The genre was predominantly a singles phenomenon rather than an album-oriented one. Because many acts were manufactured in the studio using session musicians, a large number of bubblegum songs were by one-hit wonders. Singer Tommy Roe, arguably, had the most bubblegum hits of any artist during this period, notably 1969's "Dizzy". The songs typically have a contrived innocence, occasionally combined with an undercurrent of sexual double entendre. Bubblegum songs are also defined as having a catchy melody, simple chords, simple harmonies, "hooks" and a vocally-multiplied refrain. The song lyrics often feature themes of romantic love and personal happiness, with references to sunshine, platonic love, toys, colors, nonsense words, etc. They are also notable for their frequent reference including sugar, honey, butterscotch, marmalade. Cross-marketing with bubblegum manufacturers also strengthened the link between confectionery. The term was seized upon by Buddah Records label executive Neil Bogart. Music historian Bill Pitzonka confirmed the claim, telling Goldmine magazine: "That's when bubblegum crystallized into an actual camp. Kasenetz and Katz really crystallized it when they came up with that little analogy. And Neil Bogart, being the marketing person he was, just crammed it down the throats of people. That's really the point at which bubblegum took off."Bubblegum pop – Joey Levine in concert, May 17, 2008
56. Chamber pop – The Beach Boys' Brian Wilson heavily influenced much of the genre, as did composer Burt Bacharach. The combination of rock music has been called "symphonic pop", "chamber pop", "ork-pop". Chamber pop is stylistically diverse. Strongly influenced by the rich orchestrations of Burt Bacharach, Lee Hazlewood, artists once again focused on melody and production. Another major source of influence was the singer Scott Walker. New York Daily News' Jim Farber summarizes; "think Donovan meets Burt Bacharach". Following the album was the group's unfinished 1966 -- 67 work Smile, lyricist Van Dyke Parks that also heavily influenced the genre. Author Carl Wilson says that "uses of offbeat instruments", "intricate harmonies", "the Smile saga itself" became a reference point for the genre. Just as they shared a love for Wilson, ork-pop acts held an admiration for one another's work. The majority of Louis Phillipe's productions for él Records embodied the sophisticated use of orchestras and voices that would define chamber pop. The genre's orchestration is typically more complex than music, making extensive use of brass and strings. Although modern rock groups like Smashing Pumpkins, Oasis, R.E.M. Occasionally used strings, their approach was considerably less intricate. ... All these bands sound like Nirvana and Pearl Jam.Chamber pop – The Beatles (with help from George Martin) consciously chose their orchestral arrangements to reflect an English Baroque feel, as per their contemporaries.
57. Christian pop – Contemporary Christian music is a genre of modern popular music, lyrically focused on matters concerned with the Christian faith. The term is typically used to refer to pop, rock, or praise & worship styles. Top-selling CCM artists will also appear on the Billboard 200. In the iTunes Store, the genre is represented as part of the Christian and genre. The growing popularity in the 1950s was initially dismissed by the church because it was believed to encourage sinfulness. "many young people from the sixties' counterculture professed to believe in Jesus. Radical politics, ` hippies' became'Jesus people"'. However, there were people who felt that Jesus was another "trip". It was during the 1970s Jesus movement that Christian music started to become an industry within itself. "Jesus Music" started by playing instruments and singing songs about peace, which then translated into love of God. Paul Wohlegemuth, who wrote the book Rethinking Church Music, said" 1970s will see a marked acceptance of rock-influenced music in all levels of music. The style will become more familiar to all people, its rhythmic excesses will become refined, its earlier secular associations will be less remembered." He is remembered as the artist "who combined rock'n' roll with Christian lyrics" in the Gospel Music Hall of Fame. Unlike traditional or southern music, this new Jesus music was birthed out of rock and folk music. The small Jesus culture had expanded into a multimillion-dollar industry by the 1980s.Christian pop – Chris Tomlin
58. Country pop – It is a continuation of similar efforts that began in the late-1950s later on Countrypolitan. According to Bill Ivey, this innovative genre thus became known as the Nashville Sound. He believes that the "Nashville Sound often produced records that sounded more pop after the removal of the fiddle and banjo. Patsy Cline, Eddy Arnold were among the most popular artists during this time. This was intended to have country singers sell more records. The female country singer to emerge from this new genre was Patsy Cline in the early 1960s. The example she created was followed by female country artists, such as Lynn Anderson, Crystal Gayle and Shania Twain, who gained prominence in later years. Country pop found its widespread acceptance during the 1970s. It started with music singers, like Glen Campbell, John Denver, Olivia Newton-John and Anne Murray, began having hits on the country charts. Songs like Campbell's "Rhinestone Cowboy" were among one of the biggest crossover hits in country history. These pop-oriented singers thought that they could gain a larger audience if they crossed over into the country world. A group of artists, troubled by this trend, formed the Association of Country Entertainers in 1974. As he read Denver's name, Rich set fire with a cigarette lighter. The action was taken as a protest against the increasing pop style in country music. However, the ACE would not last all that long.Country pop – Lynn Anderson live in concert
59. Dangdut – Dangdut is a genre of Indonesian folk and traditional popular music, partly derived from Hindustani, Malay, Arabic music. Dangdut is a very popular genre in Indonesia because of vocals. Indonesians dance in somewhat similar to the ghoomar while listening to dangdut music, but in a much slower version. Dangdut features gendang beat. Dangdut really has Indian music influence from the basis of harmony, instrument, beat, rhythm. Dangdut is very popular throughout other Malay-speaking lands. A band typically consists of a lead singer, male or female, backed by four to eight musicians. Instruments usually include a tabla, gendang, flute, mandolin, guitars, sitar, synthesizers. The term has been expanded from the desert-style music to embrace musical styles. Modern dangdut incorporates influences from Middle Eastern pop music, Western rock, house music, hip-hop music, reggae. The popularity of Dangdut peaked in the 1990s. By 2012, it was mostly popular in the western parts of Indonesia and not in the eastern parts, apart from Maluku. The dangdut is a Javanese-language onomatopoeia for the sound of the tabla drum, written dang and ndut. Besides orkes Melayu, the musical influence on dangdut was Indian Bollywood music. The next verse of "Terajana" is as follows: Terajana...Dangdut – Kempul gongs from Java
60. Dream pop – Dream pop is a subgenre of alternative rock and neo-psychedelia that developed in the 1980s. The style is typified by a preoccupation with texture as much as melody. Kane. It was later adopted by critic Simon Reynolds to describe the nascent shoegazing scene in the UK. In the 1990s, "dream pop" and'shoegazing" were interchangeable and regionally dependent terms. with "dream pop" being the name by which "shoegazing" was known in America. Shoegazing is sometimes seen as a part of pop. The AllMusic Guide to Electronica defines pop as "an atmospheric subgenre of alternative rock that relies on sonic textures as much as melody". Common characteristics are breathy vocals and use of guitar effects, often producing a "wall of noise". In the view of Reynolds, dream pop "celebrates transcendent experiences, often using druggy and mystical imagery". Pop tends to focus on textures and moods rather than propulsive rock riffs. Lyrics are often introspective or existential in nature.Dream pop
61. Electropop – Electropop is a musical genre which combines electronic music and pop music, with primary usage of synthesizers and various electronic and pop musical instruments. The genre has seen a revival of popularity and influence to the 2010s. Electropop is characterized by a low frequency synthesizers which might variously be described as crisp, crunchy, crackly, fuzzy, warm, distorted, dirty, or dry. Progressive pop was particularly significant in continental Europe, allowing bands like Kraftwerk, Tangerine Dream, Can and Faust to circumvent the language barrier. Their synthesizer-heavy "Krautrock", along with the work of Brian Eno, would be a major influence on subsequent rock. In 1971 the British movie A Clockwork Orange was released by American Wendy Carlos. It was the first time many in the United Kingdom had heard electronic music. The mid-1970s saw the rise of electronic art musicians such as Jean Michel Jarre, Vangelis and Tomita. Tomita's album Electric Samurai: Switched on Rock featured electronic renditions of contemporary pop songs, while utilizing speech synthesis and analog music sequencers. David Bowie's Berlin Trilogy, comprising the albums Low, Lodger, all featuring Brian Eno, would also be highly influential. Indeed, saw a rise in popularity of several electropop artists. In the Sound of 2009 poll of 130 music experts conducted for the BBC, ten of the top fifteen artists named were of the genre. Lady Gaga had commercial success since 2008 with her debut album The Fame. Music writer Simon Reynolds noted that "Everything about Gaga came except the music,n't particularly 1980s". Female electropop acts that emerged were Ladyhawke, Kesha, Demi Lovato, Britney Spears, Selena Gomez, Elly Jackson of La Roux and Perfume.Electropop – Kesha is considered one of the most successful American female electropop artists of the early 2010s
62. Experimental pop – Experimental pop is pop music that cannot be categorized within traditional musical boundaries or which attempts to push elements of existing popular forms into new areas. It may incorporate experimental techniques such as musique concrète, eclecticism into pop contexts. By the late 1960s, sounds that expanded the idea of the typical popular song, was positively received by young audiences. Throughout the ensuing decades, some purveyors of the style shared that balanced experimentation with populist cohesion. Often, the compositional process involves the use of electronic production effects to manipulate arrangements. According to musicologist Leigh Landy, experimental pop settings combine note-based work, though not always simultaneously. Composer Nico Muhly described the world of experimental pop as "celebrations of sonic juxtapositions". However, a "gulf" would still exist between "out-there" pop musicians, partly due to the role of the recording studio. Regarding this, composer Robert Ashley is quoted in 1966; "We can't be popular musicians, where the fairly exciting things happen. The one thing I like about popular music is that they record it. They record it, record it, record it! The astute producer puts them in a certain order and gets a whole piece. It's very beautiful, because it's really aural magic. We have to invent social situations to allow that magic to happen." Music historian Lorenzo Candalaria described American rock band the Beach Boys as "one of the most innovative groups of the 1960s."Experimental pop
63. Folk pop – Folk rock is a musical genre combining elements of folk music and rock music. In narrowest sense, the term referred to a genre that arose in the United States and the United Kingdom around the mid-1960s. The release of its subsequent commercial success initiated the folk rock explosion of the mid-1960s. The repertoire of most folk rock acts was drawn also from folk-influenced singer-songwriters such as Dylan. A eclectic style of electric folk was created in Britain and Europe in the late 1960s by Pentangle, Fairport Convention and Alan Stivell. In a broader sense, rock includes later similarly inspired musical genres and movements in the English-speaking world and, to a lesser extent, elsewhere in Europe. As with any genre, the borders are difficult to define. By 1951, however, the group had fallen afoul of the U.S. Red Scare of the McCarthy era, as a result they disbanded in 1952. Like the 1950s Beat Generation before them, the vast majority of the urban folk revivalists shared a disdain for the values of mainstream American mass culture. Across the Atlantic, a parallel revival was occurring in the UK during the 1950s and early 1960s. Skiffle was a blend of jazz, folk, blues, with roots in African-American folk music and the post-war British jazz scene. This renewed popularity of folk music forms in Britain led directly to the attendant British folk club scene. These songs were all influential in providing a template for successfully assimilating folk-based chord melodies into pop music. The former released a rock interpretation of the traditional folk song "The House of the Rising Sun" in August 1964.Folk pop – Pete Seeger entertaining Eleanor Roosevelt (center), at a racially integrated Valentine's Day party.
64. Glam metal – Glam metal is a subgenre of heavy metal and hard rock. It often combines elements of those genres with blues, adding pop-influenced hooks and guitar riffs, while borrowing from the fashion of 1970s glam rock. Glam metal can be traced back to acts like Alice Cooper, Boston, Cheap Trick, Kiss, Van Halen. It was popular throughout the beginning of the 1990s, bringing to prominence bands including Poison, Skid Row, Cinderella, Warrant. Glam metal was associated with flashy makeup. Poison, for example, had long backcombed hair, accessories, metal studs, leather and make-up during their live performances. Glam metal lost interest in the early 1990s as the perceived excesses of glam metal created a backlash against the genre. Musically, metal uses traditional heavy metal songs, incorporating elements of hard rock and punk rock, while adding pop-influenced catchy hooks and guitar riffs. Like heavy metal songs of the 1980s, they often feature shred guitar solos. They also include extensive use of harmonies, particularly in the characteristic power ballads -- emotional songs that gradually build to a strong finale. Lyrical themes often deal with songs often directed at a particular woman. The visual aspects of metal appealed to music television producers, particularly MTV, whose establishment coincided with the rise of the genre. Glam metal performers became infamous for their debauched lifestyles of drugs, late-night parties, which were widely covered in the tabloid press. Sociologist Deena Weinstein points to the large number of terms used to describe more commercial forms of heavy metal, which she groups as lite metal. Use of the derogatory term metal started in the early 1990s, as grunge gained popularity at the expense of 1980s metal.Glam metal – Poison were one extreme of the glam metal look with long shaggy or backcombed hair, accessories, metal studs, leather and make-up during their live performances.
65. Pop punk – Pop punk is a punk rock music genre and a fusion genre that combines elements of punk rock with elements of pop music. Pop punk typically combines fast punk rock tempos, loud, distorted electric guitars with pop-influenced melodies and lyrical themes. Pop-influenced rock emerged in the mid-1970s with a music style, stylistically similar to power pop. Pop punk in the United States began to grow in the mid-to-late 1980s. Pop punk particularly thrived in California, where independent record labels adopted a do yourself approach to releasing music. By the mid-1990s, a few punk bands had started to sell millions of records and receive extensive radio and television airplay, such as Green Day. By 1994, punk was quickly growing in mainstream popularity. In the mid-2000s, a fusion genre combining emo and pop punk, became popular. By the end of the 2000s, the pop sound of the 1990s had largely waned in mainstream popularity. Pop punk typically merges upbeat pop melodies with catchy hooks, catchy choruses, harmonies, speedy tempos, loud, distorted electric guitars. According to The A.V. Club, pop punk often pits "sweet harmonies against bratty, rowdy riffs". Lyrical topics that are common in punk include love, lust, drunkenness, adolescence, cartoonish violence and drugs. Some pop punk lyrics focus on jokes and humor. Some pop music features elements of power pop, emo or skate punk.Pop punk – The Ramones performing in Norway in 1980.
66. Pop-rap – The lyrics are often lighthearted, with choruses similar to those heard in music. The roots of pop rap trace back to late 1980s hip hop artists, such as Run DMC, LL Cool J, Beastie Boys. LL Cool J has been described as the first "pop-rapper" in history, when he rose to prominence on his 1985 debut album Radio. MTV has described LL Cool J's 1987 single "I Need Love," as "one of the pop-rap crossover hits". During the 1990s, rap began to expand even more as hip hop music also began to connect strongly with dance music and R&B. On 9 Céline Dion released Unison as the second single for her first English-language album of the same name. The track was produced by Andy Goldmark. For the single release, "Unison" was remixed by Kevin Unger. In the early 1990s, MC Hammer and Vanilla Ice broke into the mainstream with songs like "U Can't Touch This" and "Ice Ice Baby". During the 1990s, smash-hit rappers such as MC Hammer caused pop-rap to be "derided for its willingness to borrow" from well-known singles. By the end of the 1990s as rappers fused gangsta rap themes with 1980s soul elements, pop-rap was dominated by many artists. In 1995, Mariah Carey's did a collaboration with the remix version of Fantasy. During the early 2000s, pop-rap returned with a different style. During the late 2000s, Wiz Khalifa broke into the mainstream. For instance, Drake's Take Care album went at the very top of the Top 40.Pop-rap – MC Hammer performing with Vanilla Ice in July 2009, who were both described as early pop-rap artists for blending rap music with catchy hooks.
67. Pop-soul – Soul music is a popular music genre that originated in the United States in the late 1950s and early 1960s. It combines elements of African-American gospel music, blues and jazz. Soul also became popular around the world, directly influencing the music of Africa. Catchy rhythms, stressed by extemporaneous body moves, are an important feature of soul music. Other characteristics are the chorus and an especially tense vocal sound. The style also occasionally uses improvisational additions, auxiliary sounds. It stressed the importance of an African-American culture. The African-American consciousness led to new styles of music, which boasted pride in being black. Many recordings crossed over into the pop charts in the U.S. Britain and elsewhere. By 1968, the soul genre had begun to splinter. Some soul artists developed music, while other singers and groups developed slicker, more sophisticated, in some cases more politically conscious varieties. By the early 1970s, music had been influenced by psychedelic rock and other genres, leading to psychedelic soul. The United States saw the development of soul around 1994. There are also other subgenres and offshoots of soul music. The soul had been used among African-American musicians to emphasize the feeling of being an African-American in the United States.Pop-soul – James Brown
68. Power pop – Power pop is a popular musical genre that draws its inspiration from 1960s British and American rock music. It typically incorporates a combination of musical devices such as strong melodies, crisp vocal harmonies, economical arrangements and prominent guitar riffs. Blues elements are largely downplayed. While its cultural impact waned over the decades, power pop is among rock's most enduring subgenres. Power pop has been described as mixture of melodic pop music, thus power pop tends to be more aggressive than pop rock. The Small Faces are often cited as being among the progenitors of pop. , okay with us because the Who were among our highest role models. We absolutely loved the Who. Other acts such as the Knickerbockers, the Outsiders contributed iconic singles. Writer John Borack has noted, "It's also quite easy to draw a not-so-crooked line to power pop." Although the formative influences on the genre were primarily British, the bands that codified power pop in the 1970s were nearly all American. The most influential group of the period may have been Big Star. The Replacements even recorded a song entitled "Alex Chilton" in honor of Big Star's frontman. Although used as early as 1973 in reference to Sweet, the term "power pop" was not widely used until around 1978. Like much of the greatest work turned out by popular artists of the 1970s, true power pop is quintessential second-generation stuff."Power pop – Influential British rock band the Kinks in 1965
69. Progressive pop – Progressive pop is a form of pop music which attempts to break with standard pop music formulas. Performers commonly produce their own material while opposing the influence of managers, record companies. Since 1967, "progressive" pop has stood to "mass/chart" pop. Following the economic boom of the mid 1960s, record labels allowed performers limited control over their own content and marketing. Groups who combined roll with various other music styles such as Indian ragas and oriental melodies ultimately influenced the creation of progressive rock. After the 1970s, the prog genre began opening a vacuum for a new, milder brand of progressive pop. During the 1980s, the New Pop movement attempted to bridge the divide between its mass/chart counterpart. By the 2000s, progressive pop gave rise with an aversion to formal hierarchies. The term "progressive" refers to the wide range of attempts to break through extended instrumentation, personalized lyrics, individual improvisation. The premise opposed the influence of managers, agents, or record companies. Progressive music was also mainly produced by the performing artists themselves. Some stylistic features of progressive pop include experiments with larger forms. In terms of tonal structure, progressive pop is similar to roll in overthrowing harmony as its basic organizing structure. However, unlike roll, progressive pop inverts received conventions, playing with them ironically, disrupting them, or producing shadows of them in new and unexpected forms. Electronic techniques such as echo, feedback, loudness, distortion may be used to give the music the impression of space and lateral extension.Progressive pop – Electric Light Orchestra in 1978
70. Reggae-pop – Reggae fusion is a fusion genre of reggae that mixes reggae or dancehall with other genres, such as pop, rock, R&B, jazz & drum and bass. Although artists have been mixing reggae from as early as the early 1970's, no official term had been used to describe this practice. Artists such as UB40 were described using terms that joined the various genres they performed. It was not until the late 1990's when the term was coined. The subgenre predominantly evolved from early 1990s dancehall music which instrumentals or riddims contained elements from the R&B and hip hop genres. Due to this, some consider dancehall artists such as Mad Cobra, Shabba Ranks, Super Cat, Tony Rebel as pioneers of reggae fusion. For some such as Buju Banton, reggae fusion became a staple throughout their careers. Therefore, Third World can be seen as arguably the original pioneers of reggae fusion leading the way for groups such as Steel Pulse. Dancehall acts, such as Shaggy and Beenie Man experienced commercial success in the American markets with the release of their albums in 2000. Eurodance artists such as Dr. Alban, E-Rotic and the Vengaboys regularly fused their style with Reggae as well. The first fusion-influenced riddim was produced in 2005 by Cordell "Skatta" Burrell, which featured deejays on a techno-based instrumental. Reggae fusion is now a regular staple on Jamaican radio stations, especially Zip 103 FM, in the form of singles, remixes. This has led to more reggae fusion hits being produced well as making strong waves on the Dancehall charts in Jamaica. "Holiday" was also won for the "Best Collaboration". In 2011, Shaggy established a reggae fusion label called "Ranch Entertainment'.Reggae-pop – Genres
71. Sentimental ballad – Ballads are generally melodic enough to get the listener's attention. Sentimental ballads are found in most music genres, pop, R&B, soul, country, folk, rock and electronic music, among others. Ballads tend to have a musical arrangement, emphasizing melody and harmonies. They mostly use acoustic instruments such as guitars, pianos, sometimes an orchestral set. However, recent ballads often feature other electronics, such as drum machines. Sentimental ballads had their origins in the early Tin Pan Alley industry of the later 19th century. Sentimental ballads have their roots from French chanson balladée or ballade, which were originally "danced songs". Ballads were particularly characteristic of the popular poetry and song of the British Isles until the 19th century. They were widely used across Europe, later in the Americas, North Africa. As a song, their theme and function may originate from Scandinavian and Germanic traditions of storytelling. Musically they were influenced by the Minnesinger. The earliest example of a recognizable ballad in form in England is "Judas" in a 13th-century manuscript. Ballads at this time were originally composed in couplets with refrains in alternate lines. These refrains would have been sung with the dance. In the 18th century, ballad operas developed as a form of English entertainment, partly in opposition to the Italian domination of the London operatic scene.Sentimental ballad – To emphasize the emotional aspect of a power ballad, crowds customarily hold up lighters adjusted to produce a large flame.
72. Sunshine pop – Sunshine pop is a subgenre of pop music originating in Southern California in the mid-1960s, although it only acquired the name later. According to Noel Murray of The A.V. The genre began as an outgrowth of the 1960s California Sound and folk rock movements. Sunshine pop largely consisted of lesser-known artists who imitated more popular groups like the Beach Boys, the 5th Dimension. Its music is characterized by lush orchestrations. Popular bands include & the Papas, the Turtles, the Association. Sunshine pop originated in the American state of California to late-1960s. The music may be seen from the turmoil of the times. Typical are airy themes like color and balloons, as found in the canonical examples "Up, Up and Away" and "Yellow Balloon". Concerning the Beach Boys' involvement with sunshine pop, the orchestral style of Pet Sounds was imitated by many Los Angeles record producers, but as The A.V. Club notes: "Though... were hugely influential on the sunshine pop acts that followed, music was rarely in step with the genre." And I don't see the Spector connection. The light touch applied to the songs reminds more of soft samba music." While some well known bands are associated with the style, songwriters and producers played an important role in shaping the sunshine pop sound as well. Notable songwriters included Jimmy Webb, Paul Williams.Sunshine pop – The cover of The Yellow Balloon 's 1967 self-titled album, a prime example of cheerful sunshine pop.
73. Surf pop – Surf music is a subgenre of rock music associated with surf culture, particularly as found in Southern California. It was especially popular from 1962 to 1964 in two major forms. The first is instrumental surf, distinguished by electric guitars played to evoke the sound of crashing waves, largely pioneered by the Del-Tones. Dick Dale developed the sound from instrumental rock, where he added Middle Eastern and Mexican influences, the rapid alternate picking characteristics. His regional hit "Let's Go Trippin"' launched many others to take up the approach. The genre first achieved national exposure when it was represented by vocal groups such as Bruce & Terry. Their "vocal surf" style drew more with tight harmonies. Dale is quoted on such groups: "They were surfing sounds surfing lyrics. In other words, the music wasn't surfing music. The words made them surfing songs. ... That was the difference... the real surfing music is instrumental." At the height of its popularity, music rivaled Motown for top American popular music trends. It is sometimes referred to interchangeably with the California Sound. Music began in the early 1960s as instrumental music, almost always in straight 4/4 time, with a medium to fast tempo.Surf pop – 1963 performance flyer, promoting surf musicians
74. Swamp pop – Swamp pop is a musical genre indigenous to the Acadiana region of south Louisiana and an adjoining section of southeast Texas. Created by teenaged Cajuns, it combines New Orleans-style rhythm and blues, country and western, traditional French Louisiana musical influences. It is exemplified by the Cupcakes' "Mathilda", considered by many fans as the unofficial swamp pop "anthem". But the genre has also produced upbeat compositions, such as Bobby Charles' "Later Alligator", popularly covered by Bill Haley & His Comets. During the genre's heyday, swamp pop songs appeared on national U.S. record charts. In swamp pop's Louisiana-southeast Texas birthplace, fans regarded many songs that never became national hits as classics. By the late 1950s, swamp pop musicians repertoires. Swamp pop musicians often adopted Anglo-American stage names that masked their Cajun surnames. Despite its obvious rock and roll and blues influences, swamp pop was not devoid of folk characteristics. Joe Barry re-recorded his swamp pop hit "I'm A Fool To Care" under the title "Je suis bête pour t ` aimer". And the Rockets issued "Let's Do The Cajun Twist", an English remake of the Cajun French favorite "Allons a Lafayette". Since the genre's origin in the mid-1950s, over 20 swamp pop songs have appeared in the Billboard Hot 100. Three of them reached number one. Swamp pop also left its imprint on the distinct genre known as "swamp blues", including Slim Harpo's classic "Rainin' In My Heart". Darling".Swamp pop – Swamp pop musician Jivin' Gene, c. 1959.
75. Teen pop – Teen pop is a subgenre of pop music, created, marketed and oriented towards preteens and teenagers. Teen pop styles such as pop, R&B, dance, electronic, hip hop, country and rock. Popular music had become common by the end of the Swing Era, with Frank Sinatra being an early teen idol. In the early 1990s, teen pop dominated the charts until rap crossed over into the mainstream in North America by late 1991. In their wake, teen pop singers came to prominence, including Hanson, the Backstreet Boys, * NSYNC, Robyn, All Saints and Destiny's Child. Alternate "looks" for teen pop stars include girl group No Secrets. Another popular girl group was Play. Britpop surged with Billie Piper. The "Carter legacy" continued with the failed pop career of Leslie Carter, whose only single was a song titled "Like Wow". Many teen artists starting incorporating genres such as Pop Rock, Contemporary R&B and Hip-Hop. Other teenage artists who sounded more mature in this way were Jhene and Mario. Since early 2000s, but some did many years before that, teen stars have developed careers with Disney. Alongside Disney, teen pop stars emerged among them American Idol winner Jordin Sparks and Nickelodeon stars Miranda Cosgrove, Victoria Justice, Ariana Grande. The introduction of Canadian singer Justin Bieber, a protégé of Usher, created a resurgence of interest in teen pop. As for teen culture, the category of "idol" is playing an important role.Teen pop – Jonas Brothers in 2007.
76. Urban pop – Contemporary R&B, also known as simply R&B, is a music genre that combines elements of rhythm and blues, soul, funk, pop, hip hop and dance. Teddy Riley began producing R&B recordings that included hip hop influences. Sure!, Guy, Jodeci and Bell Biv DeVoe. The style later experienced a resurgence. In 1990 Mariah Carey released Vision of Love as her debut single. It propelled Mariah's carrier. The song brought it in to mainstream R&B. During the mid-1990s, Whitney Houston's The Bodyguard: Original Soundtrack Album sold over million copies worldwide becoming the best-selling soundtrack of all time. Janet Jackson's self-titled fifth studio album janet. which came after her historic multimillion-dollar contract with Virgin Records, sold over twenty million copies worldwide. Carey, TLC released albums in 1994 and 1995 -- Daydream, II and CrazySexyCool. Hill and Missy Elliott further blurred the line between hip hop by recording both styles. Beginning in 1995, the Grammy Awards enacted the Grammy Award with II by Boyz II Men becoming the first recipient. At the end of 1999, Billboard magazine ranked Janet Jackson as the first and second most successful artists of the 1990s. R&B acts such as Michael Jackson, Whitney Houston, Janet Jackson, Mariah Carey, Toni Braxton are some of the best-selling music artists of all time. In 2001, Alicia Keys released "Fallin" as her debut single.Urban pop – Whitney Houston.
77. Wonky popWonky pop – Alphabeat are a wonky pop band.
78. Air Supply – Air Supply is an Australian soft rock duo, consisting of British-born singer-songwriter and guitarist Graham Russell and lead vocalist Russell Hitchcock. They had a succession of hits worldwide, including eight Top Ten hits in the early 1980s. They have included various accompanying musicians and singers. The Australian Recording Industry Association inducted Air Supply into their Hall of Fame on 1 December 2013 at the annual ARIA Awards. With Russell on guitar, they formed a harmony vocal group in Melbourne, while the show was still playing. Hammond was replaced by Jeremy Paul on bass guitar and vocals in 1976. Together, Hitchcock, Russell and Paul formed Air Supply. Other singles were "If You Knew Me", "Feel the Breeze" but none reached the Top 40. A national tour followed with Hitchcock, Paul, Russell and Scott joined on guitar. From late 1977, the group supported Rod Stewart during his tour of Australia—he invited them to continue to the United States and Canada. Paul, in 1980, recruited former Air Supply bandmate McEntee in the line-up of Divinyls, fronted by Chrissie Amphlett. Air Supply performed in London supporting Chicago and Boz Scaggs. In April 1979, the band released a concept album which included a picture disc on its first printing. The album was recorded at Trafalgar Studios in Sydney. All charges were dropped.Air Supply – Graham Russell (left) and Russell Hitchcock (right) of Air Supply, 2006
79. Alanis Morissette – Alanis Nadine Morissette is a Canadian alternative rock singer-songwriter, musician, multi-instrumentalist, record producer, actress. Morissette began her career in Canada in the early 1990s, with two commercially successful dance-pop albums. Afterwards, she moved to Los Angeles, California, in 1995, released Jagged Little Pill, a more rock-oriented album which sold more than 33 million units globally. Her following album, Supposed Former Infatuation Junkie, was released in 1998. Morissette took up producing duties for her subsequent albums, which include Under Rug Swept, So-Called Chaos, Flavors of Entanglement. Her eighth studio album, Havoc and Bright Lights, was released in 2012. Morissette has sold more than 60 million albums worldwide. Morissette is also known for her powerful and emotive mezzo-soprano voice. She has been dubbed the "Queen of alt-rock angst" by Rolling Stone. Morissette was born June 1, 1974, in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, to teacher Georgia Mary Ann and high-school principal Alan Richard Morissette. She has two siblings: older brother Chad is a business entrepreneur, twin brother Wade is a musician. Her father was of French and Irish descent and her mother had Hungarian ancestry. Her parents were teachers in a military school and due to their work often had to move. From 1977 to 1980 Morissette spent three years of her childhood in Germany. When she was six years old, she returned to Ottawa and started to play the piano.Alanis Morissette – Morissette performing at Saban Theater in Beverly Hills, California, May 19, 2014
80. Avril Lavigne – Avril Ramona Lavigne is a Canadian singer-songwriter and actress. In 2002 Lavigne released her debut album, earned her honorific titles including the "pop punk princess". Since her professional debut, she has sold over 50 million singles worldwide. Let Go made the youngest female soloist to reach number 1 in the UK. As of 2013, it has sold nearly million copies in the United States and over 20 million copies worldwide. "Complicated", peaked at number 1 in many countries around the world, as did the album Let Go. She has scored six number-one singles worldwide, including "Complicated", "Sk8er Boi", "I'm with You", "My Happy Ending", "Girlfriend". She is one of the top-selling artists releasing albums in the US, over 12 million copies certified by the RIAA. Goodbye Lullaby, was released in March 2011. She took a break from music, pursuing careers in feature film acting and designing clothes and perfumes. Lavigne voiced a Virginia opossum, in the animated film Over the Hedge in 2006. She made her on-screen feature film debut in Fast Food Nation. In July 2006, she married her boyfriend of two years, Deryck Whibley, guitarist for Sum 41. The marriage lasted four years. In October 2009, she filed for divorce.Avril Lavigne – Avril Lavigne at the 2007 MuchMusic Video Awards red carpet
81. Barry Manilow – Barry Manilow is an American singer-songwriter, arranger, musician, producer with a career that has spanned over 50 years. Manilow is best known for a long string of hit recordings such as "Mandy", "Can't Smile Without You", "Copacabana". Although not a favorite of Manilow has been praised by several well-known entertainers, including Sinatra, quoted in the 1970s saying, "Manilow's next." In 1988, Bob Dylan stopped Manilow at a party, said, "Don't stop what you're doing, man. We're all inspired by you." As well as arranging albums for other artists, including Bette Midler and Dionne Warwick, he has written songs for musicals, films, commercials. Since March 2010, Manilow has headlined in Las Vegas. Manilow has sold more than million records worldwide, making him one of the world's best-selling artists of all time. He was born on June 1943, as Barry Alan Pincus in Brooklyn, New York, the son of Edna Manilow and Harold Pincus. His father was born to an Irish-American Catholic mother, while his maternal grandparents were of Russian Jewish background. Barry adopted Manilow, at the time of his bar mitzvah. He attended Eastern District High School, graduating in 1961. He enrolled in the City College of New York where he briefly studied before entering the New York College of Music. Manilow also worked at CBS while he was a student in order to pay his expenses. According to one source, Manilow married that year with the marriage lasting only one year.Barry Manilow – Manilow performing live in 2008 at the Xcel Energy Center, St. Paul, Minnesota.
82. The Beach Boys – The Beach Boys are an American rock band formed in Hawthorne, California in 1961. The group's original lineup consisted of brothers Brian, Dennis, Carl Wilson, their friend Al Jardine. The group began as a band managed by the Wilsons' father Murry, with Brian's creative ambitions and sophisticated songwriting abilities dominating the group's musical direction. After 1964, their albums took a stylistic path that featured more personal lyrics, multi-layered sounds, recording experiments. They struggled to reclaim their commercial momentum in America. Since the 1980s, legal wrangling over royalties, songwriting credits and use of the band's name transpired. Carl died of lung cancer in 1998. For the band's 50th anniversary, all the surviving members briefly reunited for a new studio album and world tour. Even though Wilson and Jardine do not perform with Johnston's band, they remain a part of the Beach Boys' corporation, Brother Records Inc.. The group had over eighty songs chart worldwide, thirty-six of them US Top 40 hits, four reaching number-one on the Billboard Hot 100 chart. They received their only Grammy Award for The Smile Sessions. The core quintet of the three Wilsons, Jardine were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1988. He had watched Murry Wilson, play piano, had listened intently to the harmonies of vocal groups such as the Four Freshmen. After dissecting songs such as "Ivory Tower" and "Good News", Brian would teach family members how to sing the background harmonies. For his birthday Brian received a reel-to-reel tape recorder.The Beach Boys – The Beach Boys during their 2012 reunion (left to right) Brian Wilson, David Marks, Mike Love, Bruce Johnston, Al Jardine
83. Bee Gees – The Bee Gees were a pop music group formed in 1958. Their line-up consisted of brothers Barry, Robin and Maurice Gibb. The Bee Gees wrote all of their own hits, well as producing several major hits for other artists. Born to English parents, the Gibb brothers lived until the late 1950s where they formed the Rattlesnakes. The family then moved to Redcliffe, in Queensland, Australia, then to Cribb Island. The Bee Gees have sold more than million records worldwide, making one of the world's best-selling music artists of all time. The Bee Gees' Hall of Fame citation says "Only Elvis Presley, the Beatles, Paul McCartney have outsold the Bee Gees." Following Maurice's sudden death in January 2003 at the age of 53, Barry and Robin retired the group's name after 45 years of activity. In 2009 Robin announced that he and Barry had agreed that the Bee Gees would re-form and perform again. In December 1957 the boys began to sing in harmony. The brothers received such a positive response from the audience that they decided to pursue a career. In May 1958 the Rattlesnakes were disbanded when Frost and Horrocks left to form Wee Johnny Hayes and the Blue Cats. In August 1958 the Gibb family, including brother Andy, emigrated to Redcliffe, just north-east of Brisbane in Queensland, Australia. The young brothers began performing to raise pocket money. Gates renamed them the BG's after Barry Gibb's initials -- thus the name was not specifically a reference to "Brothers Gibb", despite popular belief.Bee Gees – Bee Gees in 1978 (top to bottom) Barry, Robin, and Maurice Gibb
84. Bob Dylan – Bob Dylan is an American songwriter, singer, artist, writer. He has been influential in popular culture for more than five decades. Much of his most celebrated work dates from the 1960s, when his songs chronicled social unrest. Early songs such as "Blowin' in the Wind" and "The Times They Are a-Changin"' became anthems for anti-war movements. Dylan's lyrics incorporate a wide range of political, philosophical, literary influences. They appealed to the burgeoning counterculture. Initially inspired by the songwriting of Woody Guthrie, Robert Johnson, Hank Williams, Dylan has amplified and personalized musical genres. Dylan performs with guitar, keyboards, harmonica. Backed by a changing lineup of musicians, he has toured steadily since the late 1980s on what has been dubbed the Never Ending Tour. Songwriting is considered his greatest contribution. Since 1994, his work has been exhibited in major art galleries. As a musician, Dylan has sold more than million records, making him one of the best-selling artists of all time. He has also received numerous awards including eleven Grammy Awards, an Academy Award. In May 2012, Dylan received the Presidential Medal of Freedom from President Barack Obama. In 2016, he received the Nobel Prize in Literature "for having created poetic expressions within the great American song tradition".Bob Dylan – Dylan onstage at Azkena Rock Festival, Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain, June 26, 2010
85. Britney Spears – Britney Jean Spears is an American singer, dancer and actress. Spears's first and second studio albums...Baby One More Time and Oops!... I Did It Again, became international successes, with the former becoming the best-selling album by a teenage solo artist. Title tracks "...Baby One More Time" and "Oops!... I Did It Again" broke international sales records. In 2001, Spears released her self-titled third studio album, Britney, played the starring role in the film Crossroads. She assumed creative control of her fourth studio album, In the Zone, which yielded the worldwide success of the single "Toxic". In 2007, Spears's much-publicized personal issues sent her career into hiatus. Her fifth studio album, Blackout, was released later that year, spawned singles such as "Gimme More" and "Piece of Me". Her erratic behavior and hospitalizations continued through the following year, at which point she was placed under a still ongoing conservatorship. Spears's sixth studio album, Circus, included the international chart-topping single "Womanizer". Her seventh studio album, Femme Fatale, became her first to yield three top-ten singles in the United States. She released her eighth studio album Britney Jean in 2013. Later that year, Spears began the four-year residency show, Britney: Piece of Me, at The AXIS at Planet Hollywood Resort & Casino in Las Vegas. In 2016, Spears released her ninth studio album, Glory.Britney Spears – Spears at the 102.7 KIIS FM Wango Tango concert in Carson, California, May 2013
86. Celine Dion – Céline Marie Claudette Dion, CC OQ ChLD is a French Canadian singer and businesswoman. Following a series of French albums during the 1980s, she signed on to Epic Records in the United States. In 1990, Dion released Unison, establishing herself as other English-speaking areas of the world. With the help of Angélil, she achieved worldwide fame after releasing English albums along with additional French albums. It became the most successful show of grossing US $385 million. Dion's music has been influenced by genres ranging from rock and R&B to gospel and classical. Her recordings are mainly in French and English, although she also sings in Spanish, Italian, German, Latin, Japanese and Mandarin Chinese. While her releases have often received mixed critical reception, she is regarded as one of pop music's most influential voices. Dion has won five Grammy Awards, including Album of the Year and Record of the Year. She is the female artist in the US during the Nielsen SoundScan era. In 2003, Dion was honoured by the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry for selling over 50 million albums in Europe. Dion remains one of the best-selling artists of all time with record sales of over million copies worldwide. Dion was born in Charlemagne, Quebec, Canada, the youngest of 14 children of Thérèse, a homemaker, Adhémar Dion, a butcher, both of French-Canadian descent. Dion was raised a Roman Catholic in a poverty-stricken, but, by her own account, happy home in Charlemagne. Thereafter, she continued to perform in her parents's small bar called Le Vieux Baril, "The Old Barrel."Celine Dion – Celine Dion, 2012
87. Coldplay – Coldplay are a British rock band formed in 1996 by lead vocalist and keyboardist Chris Martin and lead guitarist Jonny Buckland at University College London. After they formed under the name Pectoralz, Guy Berryman joined the group as bassist and they changed their name to Starfish. Will Champion joined as vocalist, completing the performing line-up. Creative Director Phil Harvey is often referred to as the official fifth member by the band. The Blue Room was their first release on a major label, after signing to Parlophone. They achieved worldwide fame with the release of the single "Yellow" in 2000. This was followed by their debut album Parachutes released the same year, nominated for the Mercury Prize. A Rush of Blood to the Head, won multiple awards, including NME's Album of the Year. Coldplay have sold more than million records worldwide, making one of the world's best-selling music artists. In December 2009, Rolling Stone readers voted the group the fourth-best artist of the 2000s. Coldplay have been an active supporter such as Amnesty International. Chris Martin and Jonny Buckland first met during their orientation week at University College London in September 1996. The pair spent the rest of the year ultimately forming a group called Pectoralz. Guy Berryman, a classmate of Martin and Buckland, later joined the group. By 1997, the group, who had renamed Starfish, performed gigs at small clubs.Coldplay – Coldplay on stage following a 2009 performance during the Viva La Vida tour. From left to right: Chris Martin, Guy Berryman, Jonny Buckland, Will Champion
88. Elvis Presley – Elvis Aaron Presley was an American singer and actor. Presley was born in Tupelo, Mississippi, as a twinless twin—his brother was stillborn. When he was 13 years old, he and his family relocated to Memphis, Tennessee. His music career began there in 1954, when he recorded a song with producer Sam Phillips at Sun Records. RCA Victor acquired his contract in a deal arranged by Colonel Tom Parker, who managed the singer for more than two decades. Presley's first RCA single, "Heartbreak Hotel", was released in January 1956 and became a number-one hit in the United States. He was regarded as the leading figure of rock and roll after a series of successful network television appearances and chart-topping records. In November 1956, he made his film debut in Love Me Tender. In 1958, he was drafted into military service. In 1973, Presley was featured in the first globally broadcast concert via satellite, Aloha from Hawaii. Several years of prescription drug abuse severely damaged his health, he died in 1977 at the age of 42. Presley is one of the most celebrated and influential musicians of the 20th century. He won three Grammys, also receiving the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award at age 36, has been inducted into multiple music halls of fame. Jesse Garon Presley, his identical twin brother, was delivered stillborn 35 minutes before his own birth. As an only child, Presley became close to both parents and formed an especially close bond with his mother.Elvis Presley – Presley in a publicity photograph for the 1957 film Jailhouse Rock
89. Fergie (singer) – Fergie Duhamel /ˈfɜːrɡi dəˈmɛl/ is an American singer, songwriter and actress. She is the female vocalist for the hip hop group The Black Eyed Peas, with whom she has achieved chart success worldwide. Ferguson was a member of the children's television series Kids Incorporated and the girl group Wild Orchid. In 2001, she left the group and in the subsequent year began to team up with The Black Eyed Peas. With The Black Eyed Peas, she enjoyed a series of hits and albums before she released her solo debut album in September 2006 to success. She continued success with The Black Eyed Peas and they released the album The Beginning, which featured three singles, including two number one songs. Ferguson was born in Hacienda Heights, California, the daughter of devout Roman Catholic school teachers Theresa Ann and Jon Patrick Ferguson. Her ancestry includes Irish, Scottish, English, Mexican and Native American. She was raised Roman Catholic and attended Mesa Robles Middle School and Glen A. Wilson High School. Ferguson was champion, well as a Girl Scout. Ferguson was a member of the female trio Wild Orchid, which she fronted with Stefanie Ridel and fellow Kids Incorporated star Renee Sandstrom. By 1992, the girls began meeting with record labels, but they still could not get a recording contract. They eventually signed a music publishing deal with Sony Publishing before signing a record contract with RCA Records in 1994. I won't say how many men I've had sex with—but I am a very sexual person." Wild Orchid's first single, "At Night I Pray", debuted on the Billboard charts in September 1996.Fergie (singer) – Fergie performing at the WSM in 2011
90. Fleetwood Mac – Fleetwood Mac are a British-American band formed in 1967, in London. The band has sold more than million records worldwide, making them one of the best-selling bands of all time. Rumours, Fleetwood Mac's second album after the incorporation of Buckingham and Nicks, produced four U.S. To date, the album has sold over 40 million copies worldwide, making it the eighth-highest-selling album of all time. Due to numerous lineup changes, the original member present in the band is drummer Mick Fleetwood. She returned in 2014. Fleetwood Mac were formed in London when Peter Green left the British blues band John Mayall & the Bluesbreakers. Peter Green had replaced guitarist Eric Clapton in the Bluesbreakers, received critical acclaim on their album A Hard Road. After he had been for some time, Green asked if drummer Mick Fleetwood could replace Aynsley Dunbar. Green had been with Fleetwood -- Peter B's Looners and the subsequent Shotgun Express. Fleetwood became a member of the band. The Bluesbreakers now consisted of Green, Fleetwood, John McVie and Mayall. Mayall gave free recording time as a gift, in which Fleetwood, McVie and Green recorded five songs. The fifth song was an instrumental which Green named after the section, "Fleetwood Mac". Soon after, Green contacted Fleetwood to form a new band.Fleetwood Mac – Left to right: John McVie, Stevie Nicks, Lindsey Buckingham, Mick Fleetwood at Saint Paul, Minnesota on 3 March 2009
91. Frank Sinatra – Francis Albert Sinatra was an American singer, actor, producer, one of the most popular and influential musical artists of the 20th century. Sinatra is one of the best-selling music artists of all time, having sold more than million records worldwide. Born to Italian immigrants, he began his musical career in the swing era with bandleaders Harry James and Tommy Dorsey. He found success as a artist after he signed with Columbia Records in 1943, becoming the idol of the "bobby soxers". Sinatra released The Voice of Frank Sinatra, in 1946. His career was reborn in 1953 with the success of From Here for Best Supporting Actor. Sinatra released several critically lauded albums, including In the Wee Small Hours, Songs for Swingin' Lovers!, Come Fly with Me, Only the Lonely and Nice'n' Easy. He released a string of successful albums. It was followed with Duke Ellington. He retired for the first time in 1971, but recorded several albums and resumed performing at Caesars Palace. In 1980 Sinatra scored a Top 40 hit with "New York". He forged a highly successful career as a actor. On television, he continued to make appearances on television throughout the 1950s and 1960s. A perfectionist, renowned for cleanliness, he always insisted on recording live with his band. His blue eyes earned him the popular nickname "Ol' Blue Eyes".Frank Sinatra – Sinatra in 1957
92. Hikaru Utada – Utada Hikaru, who also goes by the mononym Utada, is a Japanese-American singer and songwriter. It is estimated that Utada has sold more than million records worldwide, making her one of the best-selling music artists in Japan. In 2009, she was considered "the most influential artist of the decade" in the Japanese landscape by The Japan Times. At the age of 10, Utada began to write music and lyrics. She did her recordings with her mother, releasing songs under a band named "U3" until 1996 when she started her first project, "I'll be Stronger." The "Cookin' With Moses Vocal" from this project was called the "Cookin' With Gas Vocal" on the promotional release. "I'll Be Stronger" was the first song Utada wrote. In 1997, she started her next project, though at first she was hesitant. Cubic U released her debut single "Close to You", a cover of The Carpenters' song. She then released her debut Precious. She re-released it on March 31, 1999. Her movement originally came from FM radio. She opted for becoming a singer-songwriter instead of attempting to become an idol. "Automatic/Time Will Tell" sold over million copies. The album yielded the single "First Love", which peaked at the number-two spot.Hikaru Utada – Hikaru Utada in a Sephora store, New York, 2009
93. Hilary Duff – Hilary Erhard Duff is an American actress and singer. The series proved leading to a adaptation of the series to be released. Duff began working with the Disney Channel, including Cadet Kelly. She later began work on an album, releasing the Christmas themed Santa Claus Lane through Walt Disney Records. Upon signing with Hollywood Records, Duff began working on her second studio album, Metamorphosis. The album achieved commercial success, selling over three million copies in the United States alone. The album also found success in both Canada and Japan. Duff's success in both music led with merchandise such as dolls, clothing, fragrances being released. She continued to have success in music, with Most Wanted achieving status in the United States. Following the release of her fourth album, Dignity, Duff parted ways with Hollywood Records. During this time, she began appearing in independent films such as War, Inc. According to Greta, Bloodworth. She later released the Elixir, which became best seller. The book was followed by the sequels Devoted and True. She currently stars in the comedy-drama series Younger as Kelsey Peters. She signed for her fifth studio album Breathe In.Hilary Duff – Duff at The Heart Truth 's Red Dress Collection fashion show in 2009
94. Justin Bieber – Justin Drew Bieber is a Canadian singer and songwriter. It was certified platinum in the U.S. He became the first artist to have seven songs from a debut record chart on the Billboard Hot 100. Bieber released his first full-length studio album, My World 2.0, in 2010. It debuted at or near number one in several countries and was certified triple platinum in the U.S. It was preceded by his most successful single to date, "Baby". He released his second studio album, Under the Mistletoe, in November 2011, when it debuted at number one on the Billboard 200. Bieber released his third studio album, Believe, in 2012. His fourth studio album Purpose was released in November 2015. His U.S. album and singles sales total 44.7 million. He has sold an estimated 100 million records, making him one of the world’s best-selling music artists. He has won numerous fan-voted awards, including American Music Award for Artist of the Year in 2010 and 2012. In his career, he has received three Grammy nominations, winning one for Best Dance Recording for the song "Where Are Ü Now" at the 2016 ceremony. His fan base, dubbed "beliebers", largely consists of early to mid-adolescent girls. He has been listed four times by Forbes magazine among the top ten most powerful celebrities in the world in 2011, 2012, 2013.Justin Bieber – Bieber at the 2012 NRJ Music Awards
95. Justin Timberlake – Justin Randall Timberlake is an American singer, songwriter, actor and record producer. Born in Memphis, Tennessee, he appeared on the television shows Star Search and The All-New Mickey Mouse Club as a child. Comes Around". With his first two albums exceeding sales of 10 million copies worldwide, he was established as one of the most commercially successful singers of the decade. He has also collaborated with other artists, including "Give It to Me" and "4 Minutes". The eponymous tour for the albums originated the film Justin Timberlake + The Tennessee Kids, named after the accompanying band in his live performances. In 2016, Timberlake voiced the lead character in DreamWorks Animation's Trolls, which soundtrack includes his fifth Billboard Hot 100 chart-topping single, "Can't Stop the Feeling!". Time named one of the 100 most influential people in the world in 2013. His other ventures include the restaurants Destino and Southern Hospitality. He was born in Charles Randall Timberlake, a Baptist church choir director. Timberlake grew up in Shelby Forest, a small community between Memphis and Millington. He has two half-brothers, Jonathan and Stephen, from Charles' second marriage to Lisa Perry. Timberlake was inspired to become a performer by Janet Jackson, saying "She didn't just sing her song," fascinated by exuberance." At the age of 11, he appeared on the show Star Search, performing music songs as "Justin Randall". He then recruited Chasez to be in an all-male group, organized by boy manager Lou Pearlman, that eventually became NSYNC.Justin Timberlake – Timberlake at the Cannes Film Festival, May 2013
96. Kanye West – Kanye Omari West is an American rapper, songwriter, record producer, fashion designer, entrepreneur. Music. He went on to pursue a variety of different styles on subsequent albums Late Registration, Graduation, 808s & Heartbreak. West released his abrasive sixth album, Yeezus, to further critical praise in 2013. His seventh album, The Life of Pablo, was released in 2016. Outside of music have received significant attention. He has been a frequent source of controversy for his conduct in public settings. He is the head of the creative DONDA. His 2014 marriage to television personality Kim Kardashian has also been subject to widespread media coverage. Three of his albums have been included and ranked on Rolling Stone's 2012 update of the "500 Greatest Albums of All Time" list. He has also been included in a number of Forbes annual lists. Time named him one of the 100 most influential people in the world in 2005 and 2015. West was born on June 8, 1977 in Atlanta, Georgia. His parents divorced when he was three years old. After the divorce, he and his mother moved to Chicago, Illinois.Kanye West – West performing at Lollapalooza in 2011
97. Katy Perry – Katheryn Elizabeth Hudson, known professionally as Katy Perry, is an American singer and songwriter. After singing during her childhood, Perry pursued a career as a teenager. She released her debut studio album Katy Hudson in 2001, commercially unsuccessful. The album became the first by a female artist to produce five number-one songs in the overall after Michael Jackson's album Bad. In March 2012, she re-issued the album as Teenage Dream: The Complete Confection, which produced the songs "Part of Me" and "Wide Awake". Prism, is influenced by pop and dance. Perry became the first artist with multiple videos to reach billion views with the videos for its songs "Roar" and "Dark Horse". Perry has received many awards, including four Guinness World Records, been included in the Forbes list of "Top-Earning Women In Music". Her net worth as of 2016 is $ million. Perry is one of the musical artists of all time, having sold million records globally throughout her career. Katheryn Elizabeth Hudson was born to Maurice Keith Hudson. Her parents are born again Christians, each having turned to religion after a "wild youth". Perry has English, German, Irish, Portuguese ancestry. Through her mother, she is a niece of film director Frank Perry. Perry has Angela.Katy Perry – Perry at the 2014 ARIA Music Awards
98. Kelly Clarkson – Kelly Brianne Clarkson is an American singer, songwriter and author. Clarkson also became the following year. Thankful, debuted at number one on the Billboard 200 and was certified double platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America. "Miss Independent", was a top-ten hit in various nations. Trying to reinvent her own image, she developed a rock-oriented sound for her second album, Breakaway. It earned Clarkson two Grammy Awards. Taking creative control of My December, Clarkson served as the executive producer and co-wrote the entire album's material. However, Clarkson fought in particular Clive Davis, dissatisfied with her musical direction. The feud resulted the reluctance of her label to promote the album. Clarkson's fourth album, All I Ever Wanted, became her second album at No. 1 on the Billboard 200. Its lead single, "My Life Would Suck Without You", holds the record for the biggest jump to number one on the Hot 100. Stronger, won the Grammy Award for Best Pop Vocal Album, making her the only act to receive the award twice. The album scored her number-one song on the Hot 100, "Stronger". Its track became her eleventh top-ten single on the Hot 100. Clarkson has prepared a soul-influenced album for a June 2017 release.Kelly Clarkson – Clarkson at the 57th Presidential Inauguration, January 21, 2013
99. Kylie Minogue – Kylie Ann Minogue, OBE, often known simply as Kylie, is an Australian singer, songwriter, dancer and actress. She achieved recognition starring in the Australian soap opera Neighbours, where she played tomboy mechanic Charlene Robinson. Since then, she has achieved commercial success and critical acclaim in the industry. Minogue has been recognised with several honorific nicknames including "Princess of Pop" and "Goddess of Pop". She is recognised as the highest-selling Australian artist of all time by the Australian Recording Industry Association. Raised in Melbourne, Australia, she has for many years lived in London. Minogue released the next year. Returning to more mainstream dance-oriented music, Minogue signed to Parlophone and released "Spinning Around". Her 2001 single "Can't Get You Out of My Head" became one of the most successful singles during the 2000s, selling over ten million units. It is recognised as her "signature song" and was named "...the catchiest song ever" by Yahoo! Music. Her Fever was a hit including the United States. In 2005, while Minogue was on her Showgirl: The Greatest Hits Tour, she was diagnosed with breast cancer. After treatment, Minogue resumed the tour under the Showgirl: The Tour, which critics viewed as a "triumph". Minogue resumed work as an actress and appeared in the films Moulin Rouge!, Jack & Diane, Holy Motors.Kylie Minogue – Minogue at an amfAR event, 2015
100. LeAnn Rimes – Margaret LeAnn Rimes Cibrian, known professionally as LeAnn Rimes, is an American singer. The album's eponymous leadoff single, "Blue", became a Top 10 hit and Rimes gained national acclaim for her similarity to Patsy Cline's vocal style. She has won many awards, including two Grammys, one American Music award. She has sold over 37 million records worldwide, with 20.3 million album sales in the United States according to Nielsen SoundScan. Billboard ranked her 17th artist of the 1990–2000 decade. Rimes has also written four books: two novels and two children's books. Margaret LeAnn Rimes was born in Jackson, Mississippi. She is the only child of Wilbur Rimes and Belinda Butler. The family moved to Garland, Texas when she was six. She was enrolled in vocal and dance classes, was performing at local talent shows at the age of 5. Rimes appeared a number of times on Johnnie High's Country Music Revue in Arlington, Texas, which gained the attention of national talent scouts. By age nine, Rimes was an experienced singer. Wilbur Rimes began recording his daughter under the independent label Nor Va Jak when she turned eleven. She released three albums between 1991 and 1996. She was discovered by Dallas promoter Bill Mack.LeAnn Rimes – LeAnn Rimes performing a free concert for the airmen at Ramstein Air Base, Germany on September 23, 2004.
101. Lionel Richie – Lionel Brockman Richie, Jr. is an American singer, songwriter, actor and record producer. Beginning in 1968, Richie was a member of the Commodores. Richie grew up on the campus of Tuskegee Institute. He graduated from East Campus. A star player in Joliet, Richie accepted a tennis scholarship to attend Tuskegee Institute, dropped out of Tuskegee Institute after his sophomore year. Richie is a member of a national honor fraternity for marching band members, an active life member of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity. As a student in Tuskegee, he formed a succession of R&B groups in the mid-1960s. In 1968 Richie became a saxophonist with the Commodores. The Commodores then became established as a popular group. Their several albums had a danceable, funky sound, as in such tracks as "Machine Gun" and "Brick House." Over time, the tragic breakup ballad "Sail On". By the late 1970s Richie had begun to accept songwriting commissions from other artists. Richie produced Rogers's album Share Your Love the following year. Richie and Rogers maintained a strong friendship in later years. Latin jazz composer and salsa pioneer La Palabra enjoyed international success with his cover of "Lady,", played at Latin dance clubs.Lionel Richie – Lionel Richie in France in 2012
102. Miley Cyrus – Miley Ray Cyrus is an American singer, songwriter, actress. Born and raised in Franklin, Tennessee, she held minor roles in the television series Doc and the film Big Fish in her childhood. She launched her career in the animated Bolt in 2008. Cyrus starred in the feature film Hannah Montana: The Movie, began cultivating a maturing image with her EP The Time of Our Lives in 2009. Cyrus focused on her acting career with several television and film appearances in 2011 and 2012. Her sexually explicit behavior generated widespread controversy while promoting her fourth album Bangerz, her first under her recording contract with RCA Records. Cyrus' independently-released fifth studio album Miley Cyrus & Her Dead Petz deviated from her traditional pop style for more psychedelic experimentation. In 2016, she was announced as a coach for the eleventh season of the singing competition series The Voice. With Bangerz, Cyrus achieved her third number-one album on the U.S. Billboard 200, fifth overall including Hannah Montana soundtrack albums. Cyrus has earned numerous awards and nominations, as Billboard ranked her as the fourth best-selling female artist of 2009. Cyrus was ranked number thirteen on Forbes' Celebrity 100 in 2010, in 2013 was declared "Artist of the Year" by MTV. She has been included on the Time 100 list of most influential people in 2008 and 2014. Destiny Hope Cyrus was born on November 23, 1992 in Franklin, Tennessee, a suburb of Nashville. She is the daughter of Leticia Jean "Tish" Cyrus and country singer Billy Ray Cyrus. Cyrus was born with supraventricular tachycardia, in which her resting heart rate exceeded normal.Miley Cyrus – Cyrus performing at the 93.3 FLZ Jingle Ball, December 2013
103. The Monkees – The Monkees are an American-British pop rock band originally active between 1965 and 1971, with subsequent reunion albums and tours in the decades that followed. The acting quartet was composed of Americans Micky Dolenz, Michael Nesmith and Peter Tork and British actor and singer Davy Jones. The band's music was initially supervised by producer Don Kirshner. Dolenz described the Monkees as initially being "a show about an imaginary band... that wanted to be The Beatles, never successful". The actor-musicians, however, soon became a real band. For the few months of their initial five-year career as "The Monkees", the four actor-musicians were allowed only limited roles in the recording studio. This was due in part to the amount of time required to film the series. Nonetheless, Peter Tork contributed limited guitar work on the sessions produced by Nesmith. They eventually earned the right to collectively supervise all musical output under the band's name. The band continued to record music through 1971. A revival of interest in the show came in 1986, which led to a series of reunion tours and new records. Up until 2011 the group toured several times, with varying degrees of success. Mike was able to free some time up to join them in the latter stages. At their peak in 1967, the band outsold The Rolling Stones combined. Aspiring filmmaker Bob Rafelson was unsuccessful in selling the series.The Monkees – The Monkees, top from left: Peter Tork, Micky Dolenz. Sitting, from left: Davy Jones and Michael Nesmith.
104. The Moody Blues – The Moody Blues are an English rock band. It has been described as a "landmark" and "one of the successful concept albums". They became known internationally with singles including "Go Now", "Nights in White Satin", "Tuesday Afternoon" and "Question". They have been awarded gold discs. Their album sales total million. The Moody Blues formed on 4 May 1964, in Erdington, Warwickshire near Birmingham. Ray Thomas, Mike Pinder had been members of El Riot & the Rebels. Pinder joined the army. Pinder then rejoined Thomas to form the Krew Cats. The five appeared as the Moody Blues in 1964. Around this time the band were the resident group at the Carlton Ballroom, later to become rock venue Mothers on Erdington High Street. Initially they were signed to a company who then leased their recordings to Decca. They released a single, "Steal Your Heart Away", that year which failed to chart. The Moody Blues appeared on the cult programme Ready Steady Go! Singing the uptempo'B' side "Lose Your Money".The Moody Blues – The Moody Blues in 1970 at Amsterdam Airport Schiphol (l to r: Mike Pinder, Graeme Edge, Justin Hayward, Ray Thomas, John Lodge)
105. Ne-Yo – Shaffer Chimere Smith, better known by his stage name Ne-Yo, is an American singer, songwriter, record producer, dancer, actor. Ne-Yo gained fame for his songwriting abilities when he penned his 2004 hit "Let Me Love You" for singer Mario. The single's successful release in the United States prompted the signing of a recording contract. Ne-Yo's album was In My Own Words, released in 2006. The album was critically successful, reaching number one on Billboard 200. It is certified platinum in the United States, United Kingdom, Australia. Ne-Yo's first single was "Stay" released in September 2005. The song failed to chart on the Billboard Hot 100. "When You're Mad" and "Love" were released afterwards from the album in 2006, reaching number 15 and number 7 on the Billboard Hot 100. The album won a Grammy Award at the 2008 Grammy Awards. Year of the Gentleman, was released internationally on August 2008. Year of the Gentleman has been certified platinum twice in the US, selling two million copies, once in Japan. The third single, "Mad," peaked at number 11 on the Billboard Hot 100. Ne-Yo's fourth album, Libra Scale was released on November 2010. Three single were released from the album, UK number-one hit "Beautiful Monster", well the R&B singles "Champagne Life" and "One in a Million".Ne-Yo – Ne-Yo in January 2013
106. Paramore – Paramore is an American rock band from Franklin, Tennessee, formed in 2004. The band currently consists of guitarist Taylor York. The band's second album, Riot!, was released in 2007. They then received a Best New Artist nomination at the 2008 Grammy Awards. Following Zac Farro in 2010, the band released their self-titled fourth album in 2013. Nearing the end of 2015, bassist Jeremy Davis left the band. Shortly after arriving, she began taking vocal lessons with Brett Manning. Williams said of the members when she first met them, "They were the first people I met who were as passionate about music as I was." The band was officially formed by Josh Farro, Zac Farro, Davis and Williams with the later addition of Williams' neighbor Jason Bynum. When Davis showed up, he was stunned to find out the drummer was only twelve years old. He admitted "I had very, very, very, little faith in the band because of their age. I remember thinking,'This is not going to work because this kid is way too young,' but that first day of practice was amazing. I knew we were on to something." According to Williams, the name "Paramore" came from the maiden name of the mother of one of their first bass players. Once the group learned the meaning of the homophone "paramour", they decided using the Paramore spelling.Paramore – Paramore in 2010. From left to right: Jeremy Davis, Hayley Williams and Taylor York
107. Phil Collins – Philip David Charles "Phil" Collins LVO is an English singer, songwriter, instrumentalist, record producer and actor. Collins is known as a artist. Between 1990, he scored three UK and seven US number-one singles in his career. His most successful singles from the period include "In the Air Tonight", "Against All Odds", "One More Night", "Sussudio" and "Another Day in Paradise". Collins then pursued a career, becoming lead singer in 1975 following the departure of Peter Gabriel. He became "one of contemporary singers of the'80s and beyond". He also became known for a distinctive gated reverb drum sound on many of his recordings. After leaving Genesis in 1996, he pursued various solo projects On Again Tour. In 2011, he retired to focus on his family life, but continued to write songs. He announced his return to the music industry in 2015. Collins has won seven Grammy Awards, six Brit Awards, a Disney Legend Award. He was given a toy drum kit for Christmas when he was five. Later, his uncle made him a makeshift set that he used regularly. As Collins grew older, these were followed by more complete sets bought by his parents. He practiced by playing with music on the television and radio.Phil Collins – Collins before a Forest National concert in Belgium, 2007
108. Pink (singer) – Alecia Beth Moore, known professionally as Pink, is an American singer, songwriter, dancer, actress. She was signed to her first record label with original R&B girl group Choice in 1995. The label saw potential in only Pink, offering her a solo deal. Choice disbanded in 1998. Pink rose as an artist with her debut solo album, Can't Take Me Home. It was certified double-platinum in the United States and spawned two Billboard Hot 100 top-ten hits: "There You Go" and "Most Girls". She gained further recognition with the Moulin Rouge! Soundtrack "Lady Marmalade", which gave Pink her first Grammy Award as well as her first number-one single on the Billboard Hot 100. Pink took control in early 2001 insisting she wanted to work with her childhood hero, Linda Perry. She pursued direction for her second album, Missundaztood. Pink's third album, Try This, earned the Grammy Award for Best Female Rock Vocal Performance. Pink concluded the first decade of her career with the compilation album Greatest Hits... So Far!!, which featured "Fuckin' Perfect" and the chart-topping single "Raise Your Glass". In 2014 Pink recorded a collaborative album, Rose Ave. with Canadian musician Dallas Green under a folk music duo named You+Me. Noted for having "a strong signature voice and a literally acrobatic ability on stage", Pink has received mostly positive reception from music critics.Pink (singer) – Pink performing live during Truth About Love Tour in April 2013
109. Prince (musician) – Prince Rogers Nelson was an American singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, record producer. He was a musical innovator, known for vocal range. His music integrates a wide variety including funk, rock, R&B, pop. He has sold over 100 million records worldwide, making him one of the best-selling artists of all time. He won an Academy Award for the film Rain. He was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2004, his first year of eligibility. Rolling Stone ranked Prince at number 27 on its list of 100 Greatest Artists, "the most influential artists of the rock & roll era". Prince was born in Minneapolis, Minnesota and developed an interest in music as a young child. He signed a recording contract with Warner Bros. at the age of 18, released his debut album For You in 1978. He released three more solo albums before debuting the New Power Generation band in 1991. He released five records between 1994 and 1996 before signing with Arista Records in 1998. In 2000, he began referring to himself as "Prince" again. He released 16 albums after that, including the platinum-selling Musicology. Phase Two, was first released on the Tidal service on December 2015. Prince died from a fentanyl overdose at his Paisley Park recording studio and home in Chanhassen, Minnesota, on April 21, 2016, at the age of 57.Prince (musician) – Prince performing in 2008
110. Rihanna – Robyn Rihanna Fenty, known mononymously as Rihanna, is a Barbadian singer and songwriter. Rihanna ultimately signed a contract after auditioning for its then-president, hip hop producer and rapper Jay Z. After releasing four Recording Industry Association including the Grammy winner Unapologetic, Rihanna was recognized as a pop icon. Its single "Work" reached number-one on the Billboard 200 and Hot 100. With sales exceeding 200 million records worldwide, Rihanna is one of the best-selling artists of all time. Forbes was named later that year. Robyn Rihanna Fenty was born in Barbados. Ronald Fenty, is a warehouse supervisor of Black Barbadian and Irish descent. Rihanna sold clothes in a stall on the street. Rihanna's childhood was deeply affected by her father's addiction to crack cocaine and alcohol which contributed to her parents' strained marriage. Her health began to improve. She began singing around the age of seven. Rihanna was an cadet in a sub-military programme; the singer-songwriter Shontelle was her sergeant. Although she initially wanted to graduate from high school, she chose to pursue a musical career instead. In 2003, Rihanna formed a musical trio with two of her classmates.Rihanna – Rihanna grew up in the city of Bridgetown, Barbados.
111. Rod Stewart – Sir Roderick David "Rod" Stewart, CBE is a British rock singer-songwriter. Raised in London, he is of English ancestry. Stewart is one of the best-selling music artists of all time, having sold over 100 million records worldwide. Stewart has had 16 top ten singles in the US, with four reaching #1 on the Billboard Hot 100. He was knighted to charity. In October 1963, he joined the Dimensions as a harmonica player and part-time vocalist. He maintained a solo career alongside a career, releasing his debut album, An Old Raincoat Won't Ever Let You Down in 1969. Stewart's early albums were a fusion of rock, R&B. In 2008, Billboard magazine ranked him the 17th most successful artist on the "Billboard Hot 100 All-Time Top Artists". Married in 1928, the couple had two sons and two daughters while living in Scotland, then they moved to Highgate. Stewart came after an eight-year gap following his youngest sibling; he was born at home during World War II. The family was neither poor; Stewart has called his childhood "fantastically happy". He had an undistinguished record at Highgate Primary School and failed the eleven plus exam. He then attended the William Grimshaw Secondary Modern School, Muswell Hill. Stewart's main hobby was railway modelling.Rod Stewart – Stewart performing in Paris, 1986
112. Sara Bareilles – Sara Beth Bareilles is an American singer-songwriter. She achieved mainstream success in 2007 with the hit single "Love Song", which reached number four on the Billboard Hot 100 chart. In the third season of NBC's The Sing-Off, Bareilles was a celebrity judge alongside Ben Folds and Shawn Stockman. In February 2012 VH1 placed Bareilles in the 80th spot of the Top 100 Greatest Women in Music. Her memoir, published in 2015, Sounds Like Me: My Life in Song is a The New York Times best seller. She wrote music and lyrics for the Broadway musical Waitress, earned a Tony Award nomination for Best Original Score in 2016. She has a half-sister named Melody. She is of Portuguese, French descent; she lived in Italy for a year. The group's rendition of Bareilles' "Gravity" was featured on the Best of College a Cappella 2004 compilation CD. Bareilles and the band Maroon 5 have been acquainted since their younger days in California when the band was known as Kara's Flowers. She performed in the annual student concert UCLA Spring Sing, winning twice. Bareilles taught herself to play the piano and subsequently all other instruments she is seen playing. After graduating from UCLA in 2002, Bareilles performed at local bars and clubs, building a following before performing in larger venues. She issued two demos of mostly live tracks in 2003: The First One in April and The Summer Sessions in October. In 2004, she appeared as a singer in a bar in the indie film Girl Play, performing the song "Undertow".Sara Bareilles – Bareilles' success with Little Voice led her to tour Europe; she is pictured here in her first tour of the Netherlands
113. Selena Gomez – Selena Marie Gomez is an American actress and singer. Due to the success of the series, Gomez worked on various films, television shows, musical collaborations for the network in the following years. Gomez also formed her own production company in 2008, titled July Moon Productions; she is set to produce the Netflix original series 13 Reasons Why. Gomez subsequently formed the Scene the following year. The band released three studio albums by 2011. The album debuted atop the Billboard 200 in the United States, included the top ten single "Come & Get It". Gomez embarked on her Stars Dance Tour, though it was later cancelled due to personal and medical struggles. In 2014, Gomez fired her parents as her managers, signed with the WME and Brillstein companies. During this time, Gomez signed a new contract with Interscope Records, releasing a album as her fifth and final release through Hollywood Records. Gomez released her second studio album, Revival, in October 2015. She embarked on her worldwide Revival Tour in 2016. Gomez is currently working on her third studio album. Outside of entertainment, she released her own line through a self-titled fragrance in 2013. She has worked with various charitable organizations for years, became a UNICEF ambassador at the age of seventeen. Since the start of her career, she has gone on to sell over million singles worldwide, according to Billboard.Selena Gomez – Gomez at the Walmart Soundcheck Concert, July 2013
114. Shakira – Shakira Isabel Mebarak Ripoll is a Colombian singer, songwriter, dancer, record producer. Raised in Barranquilla, Shakira began performing in school, demonstrating Latin American, Arabic, rock and roll influences and belly dancing abilities.. . She entered the English-language market with Laundry Service. Its lead single, "Wherever", became the best-selling single of 2002. She Wolf and Sale el Sol, received critical praise. Her official song for the 2010 FIFA World Cup, "Waka Waka", became the biggest-selling World Cup song of all time. With over billion views, it is one of the most-watched music videos on YouTube. She served as a coach on the sixth seasons of the American version of The Voice in 2013 and 2014, respectively. Shakira, is preceded by its lead single, "Can't Remember to Forget You". She carries out well-known philanthropic activities through charity work most notably through her Pies Descalzos Foundation. In 2014, Shakira was listed by Forbes. Shakira Isabel Mebarak Ripoll was born in Barranquilla, Colombia. Shakira is the only child of William Mebarak Chadid. Her paternal grandparents emigrated to New York City where her father was born.Shakira – Shakira in 2014
115. Taylor Swift – Taylor Alison Swift is an American singer-songwriter. She is known for narrative songs about her personal life, which has received much media attention. Raised in Wyomissing, Pennsylvania, she moved at age 14 to pursue a career in country music. Swift became the youngest artist ever signed by the Sony/ATV Music publishing house. Her eponymous album in 2006 peaked at number five on Billboard 200 and spent the most weeks on the chart in the 2000s. "Our Song", made her the youngest person to single-handedly write and perform a number-one song on the Hot Country Songs chart. Fearless, was released in 2008. The album won four Grammy Awards, with Swift becoming the youngest Album of the winner. In 2009, she appeared in the late-night show Saturday Night Live followed by her debut the following year in Valentine's Day. She was the sole writer of Speak Now. The single "Mean" won two Grammy Awards. Red, yielded the successful singles "We Are Never Ever Getting Back Together" and "I Knew You Were Trouble". "Blank Space" and "Bad Blood" reached number one in the US, Australia and Canada. Swift became the first woman and fifth act overall to win Album of the Year twice. The 2015 eponymous concert tour for 1989 became one of highest-grossing of all time.Taylor Swift – Swift performing at Ford Field in Detroit during The 1989 World Tour in May 2015
116. Tina Turner – Tina Turner, is a recording artist, dancer, actress and author, whose career has spanned more than half a century, earning her widespread recognition and numerous awards. Raised in the Southeastern United States, Turner relinquished her American citizenship. Her introduction to the public as Tina Turner began in 1960 as a member of the Ike & Tina Turner Revue. After her divorce from Ike Turner, she rebuilt her career through live performances. "What's Love Got to Do with It", the lead single won three Grammy Awards including Record of the Year. "What's Love Got to Do with It" was later used as the title of a loosely based biographical film adapted from her autobiography. One of the world's best-selling music artists of all time, she has also been referred to as The Queen of Rock'n' Roll. Turner has been termed the most successful female Rock'n' Roll artist, receiving eleven Grammy Awards, including eight competitive awards and three Grammy Hall of Fame awards. Turner has also sold more concert tickets than any other solo performer in history. Single sales total approximately million copies worldwide, making her one of the biggest selling females in music history. She is noted for career longevity. In 2008, Turner returned from semi-retirement to embark on her Tina!: 50th Anniversary Tour. Turner's tour became one of the highest selling ticketed shows of 2008–09. Rolling Stone ranked her no. 63 on their 100 greatest artists of all time. In 1991, she was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.Tina Turner – Turner performing in 1996
117. Toto (band) – Toto is an American rock band formed in 1977 in Van Nuys in Los Angeles. The band's current lineup consists of Joseph Williams, David Paich, Steve Lukather, plus touring members Leland Sklar and Shannon Forrest. Toto is known for a musical style that combines elements of pop, rock, soul, funk, progressive rock, hard rock, R&B, jazz. David Paich and Jeff Porcaro had decided to form a band. David Hungate, Steve Lukather, Bobby Kimball were recruited before their first album release. The band enjoyed commercial success in the late 1970s and 1980s, beginning with the band's eponymous debut released in 1978. With the release of the commercially successful Toto IV, Toto became one of the best-selling music groups of their era. They are best known for the Top 5 hits "Hold the Line", "Africa". Several changes to the lineup have been made over the years. Hungate left in 1982 rejoined the band in 1998 until 2008. Jeff Porcaro died in 1992 of a attack. Hungate rejoined Toto as later a band member. In 2008, the remaining band members later went their separate ways. Porcaro died in 2015. The band have sold over 40 million albums to date.Toto (band) – Toto live in Copenhagen, Denmark, at KB Hallen July 20, 2010. 2010 lineup, left to right, Simon Phillips (drums), David Paich (keyboards, vocals), Mabvuto Carpenter (vocals), Jory Steinberg (vocals), Steve Lukather (guitar, vocals), Nathan East (bass, vocals), Steve Porcaro (keyboards), Joseph Williams (lead vocals)
118. Westlife – It were an Irish boy band, formed in Sligo in July 1998 and disbanded in June 2012. Brian McFadden was a member from July 1998 until his departure in March 2004. It sold over million records worldwide, a total that included studio albums, singles, video releases, compilation albums. The group accumulated 13 number-one singles in the United Kingdom. They achieved a total of 26 UK ten singles over their 14-year career. In 2012, the Official Charts Company listed Westlife 34th in British music history. Despite their worldwide, it never managed to break into the U.S. market, achieving only one hit single in 2000, "Swear It Again". Based on BPI certifications, the group have sold 6.8 million singles in the UK. The group, managed by two other informal managers, released a single titled "Together Girl Forever". Cowell told Walsh: "You are going to have to fire at least three of them. They are the ugliest band I have ever seen in my life." In Westlife – Our Story, Byrne revealed that, unlike the others in the group, he was keen to change the name to West High. McFadden also changed the spelling of his name to Bryan to make it easier to sign autographs. Boyzone singer Ronan Keating was brought in to co-manage the group with Walsh. The band then released an EP titled Swear It Again.Westlife – Westlife performing live on their Gravity Tour in October 2011 in Hanoi, Vietnam
119. Boy band – Being vocal groups, most band members do not play musical instruments, either in recording sessions or on stage, making the term something of a misnomer. However, exceptions do exist. Many boy bands dance well as sing, usually giving highly choreographed performances. Some such bands form on their own. They are often created by talent managers or record producers who hold auditions. Boy bands are similar in concept to girl groups. The earliest forerunner of boy music began in the late 19th century as a cappella barbershop quartets. They sang in four part harmonies. The popularity of barbershop quartets had been prominent into the earlier part of the 20th century. A revival of the vocal group took place in the late 1940s and 1950s with the use of doo-wop music. Doo-wop bands sang about topics such as love and other themes used in music. The earliest traces of boy bands were in the mid-1950s although the term band was not used. American vocal group The Ink Spots was one of the first of what would now be called boy bands. The term band was not established until the late 1980s as before that they were called male vocal groups or "hep harmony singing groups. So, the members conveniently fitted into the convention of having stereotypical personality types.Boy band – The Osmonds
120. Girl group – A girl group is a music act featuring several female singers who generally harmonize together. All-female bands, in which members also play instruments, are usually considered a separate phenomenon. These bands are sometimes also called girl groups. Girls Aloud are referred to as "girl bands"; while instrumentalists Girlschool are termed a "girl group". With the advent of the music industry and broadcasting, a number of girl groups emerged, such as the Andrews Sisters. In later eras, the girl template would be applied to disco, contemporary R&B, country-based formats, as well as pop. A more globalized industry saw the extreme popularity of dance-oriented pop music led by major record labels. The Boswell Sisters, who became one of the most popular singing groups from 1930 to 1936, had over twenty hits. The Andrews Sisters had musical hits across multiple genres, which contributed to the popularity of the girl group form. The rise of girl groups was influenced by other musical movements of the time period. Also, the Lennon Sisters were a mainstay on the Lawrence Welk Show on. With "Mr. Lee", the Bobbettes lasted in 1957 building momentum and gaining further acceptance of all-female, all-black vocal groups. However, it was the Chantels' 1958 song "Maybe" that became "the first true glimmering of the girl group sound." However, early groups such as the Chantels started developing their groups' musical capacities traditionally, through mediums like choir music. Motown would mastermind major girl groups, including Martha and the Vandellas, the Velvelettes, the Supremes.Girl group – Girl groups
121. Glossary of jazz and popular music – In some cases, terms from other languages are encountered. 1x10" A speaker cabinet containing one ten-inch loudspeaker. 1x12" A speaker cabinet containing one twelve-inch loudspeaker. Stage monitor speakers, lightweight bass and guitar combos and cabinets. 1x15" A speaker cabinet containing one fifteen-inch loudspeaker. Used in small venue subwoofer cabinets. 1x18" A cabinet containing one eighteen-inch loudspeaker, typically used in subwoofer cabinets for PA applications. 1x21" A cabinet containing one twenty-one-inch loudspeaker, typically used in large subwoofer cabinets for PA applications. 2x10" A speaker cabinet containing two ten-inch loudspeakers. Used in cabinets. 2x12" A speaker cabinet containing two twelve-inch loudspeakers. Used in electric guitar and bass combos and cabinets, as a PA cabinet. 2x15" A speaker cabinet containing two fifteen-inch loudspeakers. Used in bass cabinets and, with a horn, as a PA cabinet. 2x18" A cabinet containing two eighteen-inch loudspeakers, typically used as a subwoofer for PA applications or in dance clubs.Glossary of jazz and popular music – A seven-string electric guitar, the Ibanez RG7321BK
122. Pop icon – A pop icon is a celebrity, character, or object whose exposure in popular culture constitutes a defining characteristic of a given society or era. The categorization is usually associated with elements such as longevity, distinction. Moreover, "pop icon" status is distinguishable from other kinds of notoriety outside such as with historic figures. Such status may continue into the present. Pop icons of previous eras include Benjamin Franklin and Mozart. Usually, the pop status of a celebrity is contingent upon longevity of notoriety. This is to cult icons, whose notoriety or recognition may be limited to a specific subculture. A common element of pop status is the ubiquity of imagery and allusions to the iconic figure. It is common for the figure to be even celebrated in areas outside the original source of celebrity status. An example of this is a physicist whose image and legacy have been represented in comic strips, T-shirts, greeting cards and many other contexts. Often pop status implies distinguished association with a societal ideal or archetype. It is not uncommon for iconic figures to have a sobriquet, used to emphasize this association. Sometimes the very name of such individuals is even used as a synonym for common ideas. Even inanimate objects have been recognized as pop icons. Some figures attain transitory or context-specific "pop icon" status such as in the case of the O.J. Simpson trial.Pop icon – Musical artists from Mozart to Madonna have been credited as pop icons for their contributions to music.
123. Honorific nicknames in popular music – These patterns of naming were transferred to roll when it emerged in the 1950s. There was a series of attempts to find the "King of Rock'n' Roll", a title that became most associated with Elvis Presley. This has been seen as part of a process of the appropriation of credit by a white establishment. Michael Jackson have been closely associated with the terms Queen and King of Pop since the 1980s. They played down by their subjects. Some honorific nicknames are in general usage and commonly identified with particular individuals. Their factuality, thus, may not be in question. B denotes template, i.e. for source that needs to be translated. E denotes template, i.e. clarification of interpretation is needed. F denotes template, i.e. source cannot be verified. G denotes only one cited person?Honorific nicknames in popular music – By the 1920s, American bandleader Paul Whiteman was often referred to as the "King of Jazz" in press releases
124. Wikimedia – The Wikimedia movement is the global community of contributors to Wikimedia projects. The movement has since expanded to many other projects, including the Wikipedia community with around 70,000 volunteers. Volunteers for other Wikimedia projects such as Wikidata and Wikimedia Commons, volunteer software developers contributing to MediaWiki. These volunteers are supported by numerous organizations including the Wikimedia Foundation, related chapters, thematic organizations, user groups. The Wikipedia community is the community of contributors of the online Wikipedia. It consists of Administrators, known as Admin. Wikimedia projects include: The Wikimedia Foundation is an American charitable organization headquartered in San Francisco, California. It operates most of the movement's websites, like Wikipedia, the Internet encyclopedia, as well as Wikimedia Commons. The WMF was founded by Jimmy Wales as a way to fund Wikipedia and its sister projects through non-profit means. Chapters are organizations that support Wikimedia projects in geographical regions, mostly countries. There are 41 chapters. Wikimedia Deutschland is the largest chapter, with a total budget of $ million. WMDE allocates approximately $ million to support the corporation responsible for distributing donations, $4 million for transfer to the WMF. To have the same procedure, every chapter follows requests its yearly budget at the funds dissemination committee. A total of Mio USD is distributed via this way to chapters and thematic organizations.Wikimedia – Executive director Lila Tretikov, 2014