Princess Charlotte of Cambridge

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Princess Charlotte
Born (2015-05-02) 2 May 2015 (age 2)
St Mary's Hospital, London, England
Full name
Charlotte Elizabeth Diana[fn 1]
House Windsor
Father Prince William, Duke of Cambridge
Mother Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge

Princess Charlotte of Cambridge (Charlotte Elizabeth Diana;[fn 1] born 2 May 2015) is the younger child and only daughter of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, and Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge. She is fourth in line to succeed her paternal great-grandmother, Queen Elizabeth II, after her paternal grandfather, father, and elder brother.

Biography[edit]

The queue outside Buckingham Palace, London, to view the official announcement of the birth of Princess Charlotte at 13:15 on 2 May 2015. The ornate golden easel holding the announcement is just visible behind the railing, centre left.

Clarence House announced on 8 September 2014 that the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge were expecting their second child.[2][3] The next month, Kensington Palace announced that the baby was expected to be born in April 2015.[4][5]

On 2 May 2015, at 08:34 BST, the Duchess gave birth to a daughter at St Mary's Hospital, London, the birthplace of her husband and their first child.[6][7][8][9] The Duke of Cambridge was present at the birth, the Duchess had been in labour at St Mary's Hospital (where Prince William was born) since 06:00 BST. The baby was delivered naturally by midwives Arona Ahmed and Jacquie Dunkley-Bent,[10] with doctors Alan Farthing, surgeon-gynaecologist to the Duke's grandmother, Queen Elizabeth II; Guy Thorpe-Beeston, an expert in high-risk pregnancies and surgeon-gynaecologist of the Royal Household; Sunit Godambe, consultant neonatalogist at the hospital; and Huw Thomas, physician to the Queen. Farthing, Thorpe-Beeston, and Godambe were also present at the birth of the Cambridges' first child, Prince George, in 2013,[11] the baby was shown to the public for the first time outside the hospital with her parents, less than 10 hours after she was born.[12]

In the evening of the following day, landmarks such as Tower Bridge, London Eye, and the Trafalgar Square fountains in London and the Peace Tower in Ottawa, Ontario, were illuminated pink to mark the princess's birth.[13][14] On 4 May, gun salutes were fired at Hyde Park and the Tower of London.[15][9] Later that day, her name was announced as Charlotte Elizabeth Diana.[16]

On 5 July 2015, Princess Charlotte was baptised by the Archbishop of Canterbury at St. Mary Magdalene Church, Sandringham. Her godparents are The Hon. Laura Fellowes, Prince William's maternal cousin; Adam Middleton, the Duchess's paternal cousin; and family friends Thomas van Straubenzee, James Meade, and Sophie Carter.[17]

On 1 May 2016, the Royal Family released photographs of Charlotte ahead of her first birthday.[18][19][20] Multiple retailers, particularly in clothing, were expected to benefit greatly from their product placement in these photographs,[21] on 2 May, Charlotte turned one, receiving gifts from 64 countries, including a book of Hans Christian Andersen fairy tales from David Cameron,[22] and a £30,000 gemstone-studded white gold toy rattle from The Natural Sapphire Company of the United States.[23]

On 11 June 2016, she made her first public appearance, which was on the balcony of Buckingham Palace during Trooping the Colour, and in September of that year she accompanied her parents to Canada, where she was seen at arrival, at a children's party, and at departure.[24][25]

On 20 May 2017, she was a bridesmaid at the wedding of her aunt, Pippa Middleton, and James Matthews.[26]

Titles and styles[edit]

Princess Charlotte of Cambridge is, from birth, a British princess entitled to the style of Royal Highness under letters patent issued by Queen Elizabeth II on 31 December 2012, which gave the title and style to all children of the Prince of Wales's eldest son.[27][28]

The princess is fourth in line to succeed the Queen, after her grandfather, father, and elder brother,[2][29] because of the changes to succession law effected on 26 March 2015, she cannot be displaced in the line of succession by any younger brothers.[30]

Notable namesakes[edit]

In 2016, Marc Jacobs debuted the lipstick "Charlotte" named after her,[31] and the Princess Charlotte chrysanthemum, also named after her, was displayed at the Chelsea Flower Show.[32][33]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b British princesses such as Charlotte do not normally use a surname. When needed, the surname for male-line descendants of Elizabeth II is usually Mountbatten-Windsor.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Royal Family name". The Official Website of the British Monarchy. The Royal Household. Archived from the original on 15 February 2009. Retrieved 24 July 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge are expecting their second child" (Press release). Clarence House. 8 September 2014. Archived from the original on 8 September 2014. Retrieved 8 September 2014. 
  3. ^ "Royal baby announcement — as it happened". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 8 September 2014. Retrieved 11 September 2014. 
  4. ^ "Kate, the Duchess of Cambridge, expecting baby in April 2015". The Daily Telegraph. 20 October 2014. Retrieved 21 December 2014. 
  5. ^ "Duke and Duchess of Cambridge expecting baby in April 2015". The Guardian. Retrieved 21 December 2014. 
  6. ^ "Official announcement made as Duchess Kate gives birth to baby girl in London". 9 News. Retrieved 2 May 2015. 
  7. ^ "Duchess 'Progressing As Normal' In Labour". Sky News. Retrieved 2 May 2015. 
  8. ^ "Royal baby: Duchess of Cambridge in early stages of labour". BBC News. Retrieved 2 May 2015. 
  9. ^ a b "No. 61216". The London Gazette (Supplement). 2 May 2015. p. 1. 
  10. ^ Elliott, Valerie; Craven, Nick (2 May 2015). "Call the midwives! The calm duo who delivered the Princess after striking up close rapport with Kate". Daily Mail. Retrieved 20 May 2015. 
  11. ^ "Royal baby: meet the doctors who delivered Kate Middleton's second child". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 3 May 2015. 
  12. ^ "Royal baby: William and Kate present daughter to the world". BBC News. 2 May 2015. Retrieved 8 May 2015. 
  13. ^ "A life-saving Jewish connection, if new UK princess named Alice". The Times of Israel. 3 May 2015. Retrieved 3 May 2015. 
  14. ^ Government of Canada (5 May 2015). "Her Royal Highness Princess Charlotte of Cambridge". Queen's Printer for Canada. Retrieved 7 May 2015. 
  15. ^ "Royal baby: London gun salutes mark birth of princess". BBC News. 4 May 2015. Retrieved 4 May 2015. 
  16. ^ "The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge name their baby" (Press release). Clarence House. 4 May 2015. Retrieved 7 May 2015. 
  17. ^ "Princess Charlotte is christened at a Sandringham church". BBC News. 5 July 2015. Retrieved 5 July 2015. 
  18. ^ "New photos of Princess Charlotte released ahead of 1st birthday"
  19. ^ "Where To Get Princess Charlotte's Perfect First Birthday Portrait Ensembles – and that Adorable Walker!"
  20. ^ Baby Pictures of Princess Charlotte and All the Royals May Be Cuteness Overload, but Here They Are Anyway
  21. ^ "The Princess Charlotte Effect: inside the clothing frenzy caused by a Royal one-year-old", by Emma Spedding, The Telegraph
  22. ^ "Princess Charlotte receives gifts from 64 countries", by the Associated Press
  23. ^ "Princess Charlotte’s Collection of Gifts Includes a $44,000 Gold Rattle", by Josh Duboff, Vanity Fair
  24. ^ "Princess Charlotte makes her balcony debut at Trooping the Colour - AOL Lifestyle". Aol.com. Retrieved 2017-05-23. 
  25. ^ Canada. "Prince William, Kate and children bid farewell to Canada as royal tour ends". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 2017-05-23. 
  26. ^ The Associated Press (2017). "The Latest: 2 future British kings attend Pippa's wedding | The Sacramento Bee". Sacbee.com. Retrieved 2017-05-21. 
  27. ^ "No. 60384". The London Gazette. 8 January 2013. p. 213. 
  28. ^ "Royal baby girl 'would be princess'". BBC News. 9 January 2013. Retrieved 6 July 2013. 
  29. ^ "Duchess of Cambridge pregnant with second child". BBC News. 8 September 2014. Retrieved 8 September 2014. 
  30. ^ Green, Emma (2 May 2015). "Why It's Now Easier for a New Princess to Become Queen". The Atlantic. Retrieved 2 May 2015. 
  31. ^ Rodulfo, Kristina (2016-02-05). "Marc Jacobs Debuts Lipstick Named After Princess Charlotte". Elle.com. Retrieved 2016-07-15. 
  32. ^ Duboff, Josh (2016-05-23). "See Kate Middleton and Prince William Visit the Flower Named After Princess Charlotte". Vanity Fair. Retrieved 2016-07-15. 
  33. ^ "Photos: Chelsea Flower Show 2016". Msn.com. 2016-05-23. Retrieved 2016-07-15. 

External links[edit]

Princess Charlotte of Cambridge
Born: 2 May 2015
Lines of succession
Preceded by
Prince George of Cambridge
Line of succession to the British throne
4th position
Followed by
Prince Henry of Wales
Orders of precedence in the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Lady Helen Taylor
Ladies Followed by
The Marchioness of Winchester