Princess Sophie Hélène Beatrix of France

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Princess Sophie
Sophie Beatrice of France.jpg
Sophie by Élisabeth Vigée-Le Brun (1786)
Born (1786-07-09)9 July 1786
Palace of Versailles, France
Died 19 June 1787(1787-06-19) (aged 11 months 10 days)
Palace of Versailles, France
Burial Basilica of St Denis, France
Full name
Sophie Hélène Béatrix de France
House Bourbon
Father Louis XVI of France
Mother Marie Antoinette

Princess Sophie Hélène Béatrix of France, Madame Sophie at birth, (9 July 1786 – 19 June 1787) was the daughter of Louis XVI of France and Marie Antoinette. As the daughter of a King of France, she was a Fille de France.


Sophie was born at the Palace of Versailles, the youngest of the four children of king Louis XVI and queen Marie Antoinette. She was named after her great-aunt Princess Sophie of France, Louis XV's sixth daughter, who had died four years earlier.

Baptismal act of Sophie Hélène Beatrix Archives départementales des Yvelines

Sophie was born a very large baby,[1] but her fragile health was undermined by tuberculosis. She died in Versailles after suffering five or six days of convulsions.[2] She was only eleven months old.

Her death was a cause for much sorrow on the part of her parents. When Marie Antoinette's foster-brother, Joseph Weber,[3] attempted to console her with the fact that given Sophie's tender age Marie Antoinette must not have grown overly attached to her, the bereaved mother is supposed to have said "Don't forget that she would have been my friend." This was a reference to her words after the birth of Sophie's older sister in 1778.[4] Because of this pregnancy Marie Antoinette live was changed in at least two domains . First the Queen changed her style of life adopting a quieter and more dignified way; second the Queen gained a lot of weight, a trend which was already manifested in her later years.[5]

She was buried at the Royal Basilica of Saint Denis, five kilometers north of Paris.



  1. ^ Lever, Evelyne, Marie-Antoinette, Fayard, Paris, 1991, p. 414, ISBN 2-213-02659-9,
  2. ^ Fraser, Antonia, Marie Antoinette, The Journey, Anchor Books, USA, 2001, p. 257, ISBN 0-385-48949-8.
  3. ^ Fraser, p. 4. Joseph Weber was the son of Marie-Antoinette's wet nurse, Constance Weber. His memoirs were published by Baudouin Frères, Imprimeurs-Libraires, in Paris, in 1822:
  4. ^ Fraser, p. 257.
  5. ^ {{{Harvnb|Fraser|Marie Antoinette|2001|pp 185_195 }}}