SS Canada Victory

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
RedOakVictory-2013-07-20.jpg
Typical Victory ship
History
United States
Name: SS Canada Victory
Owner: War Shipping Administration
Operator: Alaska SS Company
Builder: Oregon Shipbuilding Company
Laid down: January 22, 1944
Launched: March 20, 1944
Completed: April 19, 1944
Fate: Sank in action April 27, 1945 at Okinawa, with lose of 3 crew members
General characteristics
Class and type: VC2-S-AP3 Victory ship
Tonnage: 7612 GRT, 4,553 NRT
Displacement: 15,200 tons
Length: 455 ft (139 m)
Beam: 62 ft (19 m)
Draft: 28 ft (8.5 m)
Installed power: 8,500 shp (6,300 kW)
Propulsion: HP & LP turbines geared to a single 20.5-foot (6.2 m) propeller
Speed: 16.5 knots
Boats & landing
craft carried:
4 Lifeboats
Complement: 62 Merchant Marine and 28 US Naval Armed Guards
Armament:
Notes: [1]

The SS Canada Victory was one of 531 Victory ships built during World War II under the Emergency Shipbuilding program. She was launched by the Oregon Shipbuilding Corporation on January 12, 1944, and was completed on February 28, 1944. The ship’s United States Maritime Commission designation was VC2-S-AP3, hull number 93 (1009). The Maritime Commission turned her over to a civilian contractor, the Alaska SS Company, for operation.[2]

World War II[edit]

The SS Canada Victory was used as a cargo ship in World War II, she was sent to Okinawa to supply ammunition for the Battle of Okinawa on April 27, 1945; while unloading the ammunition she was hit by a kamikaze attack airplane in cargo hold five. A large explosion blew out the side of the ship, and she sank in seven minutes at 26.23N 127.41E, 2.5 miles west of Tokashiki Island. Two armed guards and one merchant marine were killed, and twelve crew members were wounded in the attack,[3][4] the USS Pakana (ATF-108), a fleet ocean tug, picked up survivors of the Canada Victory.

The SS Logan Victory, SS Hobbs Victory and SS Pierre Victory were also hit by kamikaze planes at Okinawa, but only The SS Logan Victory and SS Hobbs Victory sank. The SS Pierre Victory was later repaired and returned to service.[5] Canada Victory was one of three Victory Ships,[6] and one of forty-seven ships sunk by kamikaze attack during World War II.[7]

The loss of the three Victory ships, each sunk by kamikaze attacks during the invasion of Okinawa, severely hurt the combat forces, the ships were carrying a total of 24,000 tons (54 million pounds) of ammunition; including most of the 81 mm mortar shells needed for the invasion.

The ammunition ship SS Saginaw Victory arrived April 12, 1945, at Okinawa to replace the ammunition lost on the ships. More ammunition ships were not needed as the war came to an end without the invasion of Japan, called Operation Downfall.[8] Canada Victory was one of forty-seven ships sunk by kamikaze attack during World War II.[9][7]

Honors[edit]

The crew of Naval Armed Guards on the SS Canada Victory' earned Battle Stars in World War II for war action during the assault and occupation of Okinawa from April 26 to 27, 1945.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Babcock & Wilcox (April 1944). "Victory Ships". Marine Engineering and Shipping Review. 
  2. ^ shipbuildinghistory.com Merchantships Victory ships
  3. ^ Chronological List of U.S. Ships Sunk or Damaged during 1945, Ships sunk or damaged during 1945 -- 182 ships
  4. ^ Mariners, The Website Of The Mariners Mailing List.,Victory Ships - C
  5. ^ US Navy, Armed Guard Service
  6. ^ "kamikaze Attacks". 
  7. ^ a b "47 Ships Sunk by Kamikaze Aircraft". 
  8. ^ US Navy, Armed Guard Service
  9. ^ "kamikaze Attackes". 
  10. ^ usmm.org, "Battle Stars" in World War II.

Sources[edit]

  • Sawyer, L.A. and W.H. Mitchell. Victory ships and tankers: The history of the ‘Victory’ type cargo ships and of the tankers built in the United States of America during World War II, Cornell Maritime Press, 1974, 0-87033-182-5.
  • United States Maritime Commission: [1]
  • Victory Cargo Ships [2]