SS Carroll Victory

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RedOakVictory-2013-07-20.jpg
Typical Victory ship
History
United States
Name: SS Carroll Victory
Namesake: Carroll, Iowa
Owner: War Shipping Administration
Operator: Lykes Brothers SS Company
Builder: California Shipbuilding Company, Los Angeles
Laid down: March 28, 1944
Launched: June 13, 1944
Completed: August 31, 1944
Fate: Transferred to United States Coast Guard 1949
History
United States
Name: SS Carroll Victory
Operator: United States Coast Guard
Fate: Scrapped 1994
General characteristics
Class and type: VC2-S-AP3 Victory ship
Tonnage: 7612 GRT, 4,553 NRT
Displacement: 15,200 tons
Length: 455 ft (139 m)
Beam: 62 ft (19 m)
Draft: 28 ft (8.5 m)
Installed power: 8,500 shp (6,300 kW)
Propulsion: HP & LP turbines geared to a single 20.5-foot (6.2 m) propeller
Speed: 16.5 knots
Boats & landing
craft carried:
4 Lifeboats
Complement: 62 Merchant Marine and 28 US Naval Armed Guards
Armament:
Notes: [1]

The SS Carroll Victory was the twenty-seventh Victory ship built during the World War II under the Emergency Shipbuilding program. It was launched by the California Shipbuilding Company on June 13, 1944, and completed on August 31, 1944. The ship was named after Carroll, Iowa. [2]The ship’s United States Maritime Commission designation was VC2-S-AP3 with a hull number 27 (V-27). It was operated by the Lykes Brothers SS Company and it served in the Atlantic Ocean during World War II, the Carroll was one of the new 10,500-ton class ship known as Victory ships that were designed to replace the earlier Liberty Ships. Unlike Liberty ships, Victory ships were designed to last longer and serve the US Navy after the war, the Victory ships differed from Liberty ships in that they were faster, longer and wider, taller, had a thinner stack set farther toward the superstructure, and had a long raised forecastle.

From 1945 to 1947 the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration and the Brethren Service Committee of the Church of the Brethren sent livestock to war-torn countries. These "seagoing cowboys" made about 360 trips on 73 different ships, the Heifers for Relief project was started by the Church of the Brethren in 1942; in 1953 this became Heifer International.[3] The SS Carroll Victory was one of these ships, known as cowboy ships, as she moved livestock across the Atlantic Ocean; in the summer of 1946 she took horses and hay bales to Poland.[4] In November of 1946, she delivered a number of horses to Kavalla, Greece, from Greece she steamed to Africa and picked up a new load of horses, then steamed on to Haifa in Palestine. Carroll Victory moved horses, heifers, and mules as well as a some chicks, rabbits, and goats.[5][6][7]

After the war, in 1949 she was transferred to Mobile, Alabama, and served as a US Coast Guard ship, after completing her US Coast Guard work in she was moved to the James River in Virginia as part of the National Defense Reserve Fleet. In 1994 she was scrapped at Alang, India.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Babcock & Wilcox (April 1944). "Victory Ships". Marine Engineering and Shipping Review. 
  2. ^ Iowa People And Places Give Names To 32 New Ships Of Navy, Merchant Marine
  3. ^ Heifer International
  4. ^ photo 1946 horses and hay bales on Carroll Victory
  5. ^ Sea going cowboys of the Carroll Victory
  6. ^ seagoingcowboys.com, The Seagoing Cowboys, Delivering hope to a war-torn world
  7. ^ heifer.org, Cowboys at Christmas
  8. ^ Mariners The Website Of The Mariners Mailing List. Victory Ships

Sources[edit]

  • Sawyer, L.A. and W.H. Mitchell. Victory ships and tankers: The history of the ‘Victory’ type cargo ships and of the tankers built in the United States of America during World War II, Cornell Maritime Press, 1974, 0-87033-182-5.
  • United States Maritime Commission: [1]
  • Victory Cargo Ships [2]