SS Lincoln Victory

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SS Lincoln Victory and other Victory ships at a U.S. west coast shipyard Calship yard, Wilmington, California in 1944.
History
United States
Name: SS Lincoln Victory
Namesake: Lincoln, Nebraska-Abraham Lincoln
Owner: War Shipping Administration
Operator: Eastern SS Lines
Builder: California Shipbuilding Company, Los Angeles
Laid down: February 26, 1944
Launched: April 27, 1944
Completed: June 15, 1944
Fate: Sold
History
NetherlandsHolland
Name: SS Aardijk 1947
Operator: Holland America Line
Renamed: SS Aardyk in 1954
Fate: Sold 1962
History
TaiwanTaiwan
Name: SS Sian Yung 1962
Acquired: Chinese Maritime Trust Company
Fate: Sank 1970 - abandoned
General characteristics
Class and type: VC2-S-AP3 Victory ship
Tonnage: 7612 GRT, 4,553 NRT
Displacement: 15,200 tons
Length: 455 ft (139 m)
Beam: 62 ft (19 m)
Draft: 28 ft (8.5 m)
Installed power: 8,500 shp (6,300 kW)
Propulsion: HP & LP turbines geared to a single 20.5-foot (6.2 m) propeller
Speed: 16.5 knots
Boats & landing
craft carried:
4 Lifeboats
Complement: 62 Merchant Marine and 28 US Naval Armed Guards
Armament:
Notes: [1]

The SS Lincoln Victory was a Victory ship built during World War II under the Emergency Shipbuilding program. She was built by the California Shipbuilding Company, launched on April 27, 1944 and completed on June 15, 1944. The ship’s United States Maritime Commission designation was VC2-S-AP3, hull number 13 (V13); she was initially operated by the Eastern SS Lines as a United States Merchant Marine ship.

World War II[edit]

The SS Lincoln Victory served in the Atlantic Ocean during World War II. SS Lincoln Victory, along with 96 other Victory ships, were converted to troopships to bring the US soldiers home as part of Operation Magic Carpet, she departed the so-called Cigarette Camps in Europe to bring troops home. She had two notable Atlantic crossings, on Dec. 17, 1945, she steamed out of Le Havre, France with 1,535 troops arriving in Boston on Dec. 27, 1945. In this trip, she carried the 93rd quartermaster railroad company, the 3914th quartermaster gas supply company, and the 783rd railway shop battalion and transportation corps; in February 1946, she departed from Bremerhaven, Germany, returning soldiers to Camp Kilmer, New Jersey.[2][3][4][5][6]

Private use[edit]

After the war, on May 27, 1947, the Lincoln Victory was sold to the Dutch government's Nederlandsch-Amerikaansche Stoomvaart-Maatschappij, that later became the Holland America who renamed her the SS Aardijk. She began her second maiden voyage on July 23, 1947 from Rotterdam to Cuba, Mexico and then New Orleans. In 1954, she was renamed the SS Aardyk by the Holland America Line.[7][8][9][10]

In 1962, she was sold to the Chinese Maritime Trust Company in Taiwan and renamed the SS Sian Yung, on December 6, 1970, while southbound on a voyage from the Panama Canal to the Far East with a cargo of rice, baled cotton, and 200 barrels of heavy fuel oil, the Sian Yung was damaged after hitting rocks at the Gaillard Cut. To stop her from sinking in the Canal, she was run aground near the Pedro Miguel locks. Several salvage attempts were made, but all initially failed. Finally, her cargo was removed so the Ajax and Hercules crane barges could raised her; in 1972, her entire superstructure was removed so the Ajax and Hercules cranes could raise her, allowing workers to patch her, pump out water, and move her to the Bay of Panama. She was half sunk on Jan. 11, 1972 into her final resting place along the shore, south of Balboa, Panama at 7°44N -79°21W.[11][12][13][14] The owner of the Sian Yung abandoned the ship to its insurance underwriter. A court case on April 30, 1973 decided the cost of the loss.[15][16][17]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Babcock & Wilcox (April 1944). "Victory Ships". Marine Engineering and Shipping Review. 
  2. ^ ww2troopships.com crossings in 1945
  3. ^ Troop Ship of World War II, April 1947, Page 356-357
  4. ^ 69th infantry division, newsletter, 1986
  5. ^ The Nebraska State Journal from Lincoln, Nebraska, December 26, 1945, Page 4
  6. ^ Binghamton NY Press Grayscale 1945 - Fulton History, Oct. 15, 1945
  7. ^ Holland America Line ship list
  8. ^ SS Aardijk, Holland-Amerika Lijn, 1947
  9. ^ HAL postcards
  10. ^ Holland-America Line, S.S Aardyk (1947)
  11. ^ The Sian Yung, by: Charles W. Hummer, Jr., BHS '55
  12. ^ Sian Yung Sinks in the Canal by C. W. “Chuck” Hummer, Jr.
  13. ^ Sian Yung sunk in the Culebra Cut
  14. ^ http://www.shipspotting.com sunk Sian Yung
  15. ^ openjurist.org, Chinese Maritime Trust Ltd Steamship Sian Yung Republic of Vietnam v. April 30, 1973
  16. ^ Wrecksite Aardijk SS (1947~1954) Sian Yung SS (+1972)
  17. ^ alpostcards.com, Aardijk

Sources[edit]

  • Sawyer, L.A. and W.H. Mitchell. Victory ships and tankers: The history of the ‘Victory’ type cargo ships and of the tankers built in the United States of America during World War II, Cornell Maritime Press, 1974, 0-87033-182-5.
  • United States Maritime Commission: [1]
  • Victory Cargo Ships [2]