SS Logan Victory

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Typical Victory Ship.
History
Name: SS Logan Victory
Namesake: Logan, Utah
Owner: War Shipping Administration
Operator: American-Hawaiian SS Company
Builder: Permanente Metals Yard No. 1, Richmond, California
Laid down: November 25, 1944
Launched: January 16, 1945
Completed: February 6, 1945
Fate: Sank in battle April 6, 1945 Okinawa, lose of 15
General characteristics
Displacement: 7725 tons (light displacement)
Length: 139 m (456 ft)
Beam: 18.9 m (62 ft)
Draft: 7 m (23 ft)
Propulsion: Westinghouse steam turbines, single shaft, 8500 horsepower (6.3 MW)
Speed: 17.5 knots (32.4 km/h) maximum sustained, 21 knots emergency
Range: 12,500 nm at 12 knots
Complement: 62 Merchant Marine and 28 US Naval Armed Guards as Victory ship. *358 officers and men
Armament:
Aircraft carried: none
Aviation facilities: none
Notes: [1]

SS Logan Victory was a cargo Victory ship built for World War II under the Emergency Shipbuilding program. The Logan Victory was launched January 16, 1945 by Permanente Metals Corporation, Richmond, California and completed on February 6, 1945. She was operated by the American-Hawaiian SS Company under the United States Maritime Commission.[2]

World War II[edit]

The SS Logan Victory streamed from San Francisco, California on February 18, 1945 to join the Pacific war forts. The SS Logan Victory had the dangerous job of delivering 6,000 pounds of ammunition for troops in the Pacific during World War II, the SS Logan Victory was loaded with 6,000 pounds of ammunition and steamed to Okinawa for the Battle of Okinawa that lasted from 1 April to 6 April of 1945. On April 6, 1945, she was anchoraged off Kuba Island, just off Tokashiki Island and Aka Island near Okinawa, the USS Strategy shot down Kamikaze attack plane coming to the fleet. The plane was hit with gun fire and a fire, but it bank and hit the superstructure of the Logan Victory', the plane burst into flames and the fire grew. All of her lifeboats were lowered into the sea and the abandoned ship order was given, her cargo caught fire and the ammunition caused a large explosion. She sank quickly at 26.10N 127.16E. In the explosion 12 of her civilian crew and three of her armed guards were killed;[3] in the same attack the USS LST447, (a Landing Ship, Tank), sank. Just after this attack the SS Hobbs Victory, also loaded with 6,000 pounds of ammunition was hit and sank, the SS Pierre Victory was hit and abandoned at Okinawa, but later repaired and returned to service. All these ammunition ships: SS Logan Victory, SS Hobbs Victory, SS Pierre Victory and the USS LST447 used their deck guns and were able to stop some of the Kamikaze plane attacking. The Victory ships used their 50 caliber guns, 20 mm Oerlikon cannons and at longer ranges the larger 5 inch guns. The LST also had 20 mm Oerlikon cannons to use against the attackers. These ships with over 18,000 pounds of ammunition were sent to anchorage off Kuba Island, so they would not be anchorage next to the other fleet ships, they were to be called in as needed to resupply the fleet and shore troops.[4][5][6][7][8][9]

The SS Canada Victory also sank at Okinawa on April 27, 1945, one of forty-seven ships sunk by kamikaze attack during World War II,[10] on April 6, 1945 other US ships also sank at Okinawa due to Kamikaze attacks, three destroyers sank the: USS Bush (DD-529), the USS Colhoun (DD-801), and the USS Emmons (DD-457).[11][12]

The loss of the three Victory ships Logan, Hobbs, and Canada each sunk by kamikazes attacks during the invasion of Okinawa, severely hurt the combat forces during the invasion of Okinawa, the three victory ships were carrying a total of 24,000 tons (54 million pounds) of ammunition. This including most of the 81 mm mortar shells needed for the invasion.

The ammunition ship SS Saginaw Victory arrived April 12, 1945 at Okinawa to replace the ammunition lost on the SS Hobbs Victory, SS Logan Victory and SS Canada Victory. More ammunition sips were not needed as the war came to an end without the invasion of Japan, called Operation Downfall.[10] Logan Victory was one of forty-seven ships sunk by kamikaze attack during World War II.[11][12]

Honors[edit]

Crew of Naval Armed Guard on the SS Logan Victory' earned "Battle Stars" in World War II for war action during the assault and occupation of Okinawa from 26 April 1945 to 8 May 1945, she used her deck guns to defend herself and other ship in action.[13]

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

  • Sawyer, L.A. and W.H. Mitchell. Victory ships and tankers: The history of the ‘Victory’ type cargo ships and of the tankers built in the United States of America during World War II, Cornell Maritime Press, 1974, 0-87033-182-5.
  • United States Maritime Commission: [1]
  • Victory Cargo Ships [2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Babcock & Wilcox (April 1944). "Victory Ships". Marine Engineering and Shipping Review. 
  2. ^ National Parks, Victory ships
  3. ^ Chronological List of U.S. Ships Sunk or Damaged during 1945, Ships sunk or damaged during 1945 -- 182 ships
  4. ^ SS Hobbs Victory
  5. ^ Merchant Marine Survivors of World War II: Oral Histories of Cargo Carrying, By Michael Gillen, page 118
  6. ^ usmm.org, Battle Pacific
  7. ^ The American Victory
  8. ^ Braving the Wartime Seas, By The American Maritime History Project, page 218
  9. ^ MARINERS, THE WEBSITE OF THE MARINERS MAILING LIST
  10. ^ a b US Navy, Armed Guard Service
  11. ^ a b "kamikaze Attackes". 
  12. ^ a b "47 Ships Sunk by Kamikaze Aircraft". 
  13. ^ "Battle Stars" in World War II.