SS New Bern Victory

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RedOakVictory-2013-07-20.jpg
Typical Victory Ship.
History
United States
Name: SS New Bern Victory
Namesake: City of New Bern, North Carolina
Owner: War Shipping Administration
Operator: Prudential SS Company
Builder: Bethlehem-Fairfield Shipyard, Baltimore
Laid down: January 15, 1945
Launched: March 8, 1945
Completed: March 31, 1945
Fate: Sank on July 4, 1972 in heavy weather off Karachi.
General characteristics
Class and type: VC2-S-AP3 Victory ship
Tonnage: 7612 GRT, 4,553 NRT
Displacement: 15,200 tons
Length: 455 ft (139 m)
Beam: 62 ft (19 m)
Draft: 28 ft (8.5 m)
Installed power: 8,500 shp (6,300 kW)
Propulsion: HP & LP turbines geared to a single 20.5-foot (6.2 m) propeller
Speed: 16.5 knots
Boats & landing
craft carried:
4 Lifeboats
Complement: 62 Merchant Marine and 28 US Naval Armed Guards
Armament:
Notes: [1]

SS New Bern Victory was a cargo Victory ship built during World War II under the Emergency Shipbuilding program. The New Bern Victory (MCV-639) was a type VC2-S-AP2 Victory ship built by Bethlehem-Fairfield Shipyards, the Maritime Administration cargo ship was the 639 ship built. Her keel was laid on January 15, 1945, she was launched on March 8, 1945 and completed on March 31, 1945. The 10,600-ton ship was constructed for the Maritime Commission, the American Export Line and later the Isthmian Steamship Company operated her under the United States Merchant Marine act for the War Shipping Administration. Named for the city of New Bern, North Carolina. [2]

Victory ships were designed to supersede the earlier Liberty Ships. Unlike Liberty ships, Victory ships were designed to serve the US Navy after the war[3] and also last longer, the Victory ship differed from a Liberty ship in that they were: faster, longer and wider, taller, and had a thinner stack set farther toward the superstructure. They also had a long raised forecastle.

World War II[edit]

Completed on March 31, 1945 the New Bern Victory did not operate during active World War II operations, as the surrender of Imperial Japan was announced on August 15, 1945, she was operated by the Prudential SS Company as a troop transport as part of Operation Magic Carpet. The New Bern Victory along with 96 other Victory ships, were converted to troopships to bring the US soldiers home as part of Operation Magic Carpet, she departed the so-called Cigarette Camps in Europe to bring troops home. On 4 June 1945 the New Bern Victory was damaged by a mine as she steamed from the Mediterranean Sea to the Black Sea. she was repaired and put back in service. One of her troop trips was from Leghorn, Italy to New York in August of 1946.[4][5][6][7]

Private use[edit]

In 1947 she was one of three Victory ships sold from the United States Marine Corps to South African Marine Corporation in Cape Town, the or two ships were the SS Westbrook Victory and SS Westerly Victory. The three cargo ships had accommodation for 12 passengers added and were renamed, the New Bern Victory became Constantia. She steamed from New York in August 1947 to the first run of her new South African cargo liner service; in 1961 she was renamed the South African Vanguard. In 1964 she was renamed again to the S. A. Vanguard with out change of owners. In 1969 she was sold to Fairwind Maritime Corporation in Panama and renamed the Isabena, on July 4th, 1972 while off Manora Point, Karachi, near Manora, Karachi, Pakistan she took on a heavy list in rough seas. She had load of 9400 tons of grain from the tanker Overseas Joyce, on 24 July she capsized and sank in shallow water. Later she was hit by a passing ship, that ship was severely damaged. [8][9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Babcock & Wilcox (April 1944). "Victory Ships". Marine Engineering and Shipping Review. 
  2. ^ shipbuildinghistory.com Victory ships
  3. ^ "Liberty Ships and Victory Ships --Setting the Stage". www.nps.gov. Retrieved 2017-03-17. 
  4. ^ Fitchburg Sentinel Newspaper Archives, August 20, 1946 - Page 1
  5. ^ usmm.org, troopship
  6. ^ ww2troopships.com, troopship
  7. ^ world-war.co.uk, US war loss
  8. ^ wrecksite.eu, New Bern Victory MV (1945~1947) Isabena SS [+1972]
  9. ^ mariners-l.co.uk, New Bern Victory

Sources[edit]

  • Sawyer, L.A. and W.H. Mitchell. Victory ships and tankers: The history of the ‘Victory’ type cargo ships and the tankers built in the United States of America during World War II, Cornell Maritime Press, 1974, 0-87033-182-5.
  • United States Maritime Commission: [1]
  • Victory Cargo Ships [2]