SS Rutland Victory

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OregonShipbuildingCorporation1944.jpg
Rutland Victory and sister ships at the Oregon Shipbuilding Company in Portland, Oregon
History
United States
Name: SS Rutland Victory
Namesake: Rutland, Vermont
Owner: War Shipping Administration
Operator: United States Lines
Builder: Oregon Shipbuilding Company
Laid down: March 20, 1944
Launched: May 9, 1944
Sponsored by: Mrs. Ada May Brannor
Christened: May 19, 1944
Completed: May 29, 1944
Fate: Sold to private use, sank in 1976
General characteristics
Class and type: VC2-S-AP3 Victory ship
Tonnage: 7612 GRT, 4,553 NRT
Displacement: 15,200 tons
Length: 455 ft (139 m)
Beam: 62 ft (19 m)
Draft: 28 ft (8.5 m)
Installed power: 8,500 shp (6,300 kW)
Propulsion: HP & LP turbines geared to a single 20.5-foot (6.2 m) propeller
Speed: 16.5 knots
Boats & landing
craft carried:
4 Lifeboats
Complement: 62 Merchant Marine and 28 US Naval Armed Guards
Armament:
Notes: [1]

The SS Rutland Victory was a Victory ship built during World War II under the Emergency Shipbuilding program. It was built and launched by the Oregon Shipbuilding Corporation on May 9, 1944, and completed on May 29, 1944. The ship's United States Maritime Commission designation was VC2-S-AP3 and hull number 104 (1020). The ship was Oregon Shipbuilding Corporation's 20th victory ship, the Maritime Commission turned it over for Merchant navy operation to a civilian contractor, the United States Lines.[2]

Mrs. Ada May Brannor, of La Grande, Oregon, christened the SS Rutland Victory, she worked at the Oregon Shipbuilding Corporation yard on the swing shift. Mrs. Brannor was given a gold jewel case with her name and the ship engraved on it.[3][4]

World War II[edit]

In 1944, for the vessel's first mission, the Rutland Victory took ammunition from Washington, D.C., to Pearl Harbor.[5]

On August 29, 1944, the Rutland Victory transferred cargo to and from the USS Massachusetts (BB-59) at Enewetak Atoll. Task force 38 was at the Enewetak Atoll in August 1944 and the Rutland Victory delivered cargo and goods to the Task force;[6][7] in May 1945, she traveled from California to Iwo Jima with 82 days-worth of supplies for the American troops stationed at Iwo Jima for the purpose of preparing them for the Battle of Okinawa, lasting from April 1 to June 22, 1945. After the war she moved to ports where supplies were required.

Honors[edit]

Rutland Victory earned Battle Stars for combat action from June 17, 1945, to June 30, 1945, at the Battle of Okinawa at Okinawa in the Pacific Ocean. On those days, the Rutland Victory used its deck guns to defend itself and other ships from Japanese Kamikaze plane attacks.[8]

Film[edit]

A short film about the Panama Canal featured the Rushville Victory crossing was made entitled "Ocean to Ocean: Panama Canal"; it shows the crossing of the Rushville Victory through the Panama canal to demonstrate how the canal worked. The film is now part of a DVD titled "USN Oil Tankers Supply and Cargo Ships" by Campbell films, with a running time of 8:10 min.

Private use[edit]

In 1948, the SS Rutland Victory was sold to the American President Lines of San Francisco and renamed the SS President Fillmore. In 1962, the boat was sold to Victory Shipping Enterprises Inc. from Wilmington, Delaware and renamed SS Smith Victory. In 1965, Victory Shipping Enterprises renamed it the SS US Victory. The vessel was later sold to Transpacific Container Services of Liberia in 1969 and renamed the SS Oriental Arrow. In 1969, Transpacific Container Services converted it to a 7,511 g.t. container ship and in 1972, it was sold to Universal Enterprise Inc. of Monrovia, Liberia, and renamed the SS Oriental Ace.

In 1976, the Oriental Ace sank, the SS Oriental Ace, operating as a Liberian container ship, started to leak in rough seas on its way from Seattle to Kobe, Japan. The crew abandoned ship into the lifeboats and it sank on February 13, 1976 at 32.05N 152.43E, 600 miles East of Tokyo, Japan.

[9] [10] [11] [12][13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Babcock & Wilcox (April 1944). "Victory Ships". Marine Engineering and Shipping Review. 
  2. ^ shipbuildinghistory.com Merchant ships Victory ships
  3. ^ La Grande Observer from La Grande, Oregon, Page 3, May 20, 1944
  4. ^ oregonlive.com Rutland victory
  5. ^ Dirk Perrefort (January 17, 2010), Merchant Marine vet wants people to remember
  6. ^ Beans, Bullets, and Black Oil - The Story of Fleet Logistics Afloat in the WW2, August of 1944, By Rear Adm. Worrall Reed Carter
  7. ^ The U.S. Coast Guard in World War II, page 163, By Malcolm Willoughby
  8. ^ usmm.org U.S. Merchant Marine Ships whose Naval Armed Guard crews earned "Battle Stars" in World War II
  9. ^ theshipslist.com American President
  10. ^ photo of SS Oriental Ace as Liberian container ship, flickr.com
  11. ^ Mariners, the Website of the Mariners Mailing List., Victory Ships
  12. ^ Wreck "SS Rutland Victory"
  13. ^ Wreck SS Oriental Ace (+1976)

Sources[edit]

  • Sawyer, L.A. and W.H. Mitchell. Victory ships and tankers: The history of the 'Victory' type cargo ships and of the tankers built in the United States of America during World War II, Cornell Maritime Press, 1974, 0-87033-182-5.
  • United States Maritime Commission: [1]
  • Victory Cargo Ships [2]