1. Rioni of Rome – A rione of Rome is a traditional administrative division of the city of Rome. "Rione" is an Italian term used since the 14th century to name a district of a town. The term was born in Rome, originating from the administrative divisions of the city. The word comes from the Latin regio; during the Middle Ages the Latin word became rejones, from which rione comes. Currently, all the rioni are located in Municipio I of Rome. According to tradition, sixth king of Rome, first divided the city into regiones, numbering four. All but Transtiberim were on the left bank of the Tiber. During the 12th century a division in 12 parts started being used, though not officially, but simply by the common use of the people. Even if the areas were different from the ancient ones, they still used the same name: regio in the vulgar language. In this period, anyway, the limits were quite uncertain. The rione was not a political entity, but only an administrative one. The chief of a rione was the Caporione. During the Renaissance there was a deep expansion of the city, so it became necessary to delimit the rioni exactly. In 1586 Sixtus V added to the 13 rioni another one: Borgo, which before had been administered separately from the city. Thanks to the low population increase, did not change until the 19th century.Rioni of Rome – A map of the center of Rome ("centro storico", roughly equal to the walled city) with its rioni
2. Municipio I – The Municipio I, is an administrative subdivision of the city of Rome. It is the center of the municipality of Rome. It has a president, elected during the mayoral elections. Since March 2013 its borders were modified and was expanded with the incorporation between Municipio I and Municipio XVII. Municipio I is home to the Rioni of Rome, which are the city's historic districts. Municipio I is divided into eleven localities: The localities of Prati, Delle Vittorie and Eroi were part of the former Municipio XVII until 2013. The current majority is formed by Left Ecology Freedom.Municipio I – Location of Municipio I of Rome
3. Basilica – The Latin word basilica has three distinct applications in modern English. The word was originally used to describe an ancient Roman public building where courts were held, well as serving other official and public functions. To a large extent these were the town halls of Roman life. The basilica was centrally located in every Roman town, usually adjacent to the main forum. Later, the term came to refer specifically to a important Roman Catholic church, given special ceremonial rights by the Pope. Roman Catholic basilicas are Catholic pilgrimage sites, receiving tens of millions of visitors per year. The Roman basilica was a public building where business or legal matters could be transacted. The first basilicas had no religious function at all. The central aisle was higher than the flanking aisles, so that light could penetrate through the clerestory windows. The Basilica Porcia, was built in Rome in 184 BC by Cato the Elder during the time he was Censor. Early examples include the basilica at Pompeii. In the 3rd AD, the governing elite appeared less frequently in the forums. They now tended to dominate their cities from opulent palaces and country villas, set a little apart from traditional centers of public life. Rather than retreats from public life, however, these residences were the forum made private. Seated in the tribune of his basilica, the great man would meet early every morning.Basilica – St Peter's Basilica, Vatican City, a major basilica of the Roman Catholic Church, is a central-plan building, enlarged by a basilical nave
4. San Saba (Rome) – San Saba is an ancient basilica church in Rome, Italy. It lies on the so-called Piccolo Aventino, an area close to the ancient Aurelian Walls next to the Aventine Hill and Caelian Hill. The current Cardinal Deacon of the Titulus S. Sabae is Jorge Medina Estévez. The titulus was established in 1959. According to legend, St. Silvia, mother of Pope Gregory I, had an estate at the site. The historic origin of the religious site goes back to the year 645. Here, they founded an eremitic cell. The Sabaites introduced the cult of St. Sabas to Rome. In ancient sources, their monastery however goes by the name cellas cellaenovae, which refers to the cellae of Mar Saba. The Sabaite monastery prospered quickly and for a long time. In the 8th and 9th centuries, San Saba was one of the most prestigious of Rome and among the leading "Greek" monasteries. It received rich papal donations. In 768, Antipope Constantine II was held prisoner in this monastery, before being killed by the Lombards. The Benedictine monks of Monte Cassino received the church after it was rebuilt in the 10th century. Anselm, the nephew of St Anselm, was one of its abbots before departing to England as a papal legate.San Saba (Rome) – Facade
5. Geographic coordinate system – A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. Two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, elevation. To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a projection. Ptolemy credited him rather than measuring latitude in terms of the length of the midsummer day. Ptolemy's 2nd-century Geography measured latitude from the equator instead. In 1884, the United States hosted the International Meridian Conference, attended by representatives from twenty-five nations. Twenty-two of them agreed to adopt the longitude of the Royal Observatory as the zero-reference line. The Dominican Republic voted against the motion, while France and Brazil abstained. France adopted Greenwich Mean Time in place of local determinations by the Paris Observatory in 1911. The pole is 90 ° N; the south pole is 90 ° S. The 0 parallel of latitude is designated the equator, the fundamental plane of all geographic coordinate systems. The equator divides the globe into Northern and Southern Hemispheres. The "longitude" of a point on Earth's surface is the angle west of a reference meridian to another meridian that passes through that point. All meridians are halves of great ellipses, which converge at south poles.Geographic coordinate system – Longitude lines are perpendicular and latitude lines are parallel to the equator.
6. Monti (rione of Rome) – Monti is the name of one of the twenty-two Rioni of Rome, rione I, located in Municipio I. Its logo consists of three green mountains with three tops on a silver background. It has kept its name. Hence many inhabitants moved to a lower level part, where they could drink the water from the river Tiber. From the Middle Ages to the beginning of the 19th century, the rione remained an area full of vineyards and market gardens. Monti was not densely populated because of the lack of water and because it was far from the Vatican, the center of Christian culture. The area did not become abandoned thanks to the church of the constant high number of pilgrims. They often used to fight with one another. The Pontifical University of Saint Thomas Aquinas, Angelicum is located in Monti History, maps and images of the rioneMonti (rione of Rome) – via dei Fori Imperiali, on the edge of the rione
7. Trevi (rione of Rome) – Trevi is the rione II of Rome, located in Municipio I. Its logo is made of three swords on a red background. In rione Trevi there were large groups of private houses with some monumental buildings. The first one was one of the center of the activities of the city, while the second one was a peaceful residential area. After the fall of the Roman empire, a lot of people moved away from the hills to settle next to the river, in the lower part. In 1811, the Quirinal Hill was selected to be the center of the imperial power in Rome. In fact nowadays several ministers are placed in the rione Trevi. This changed completely the appearance of the higher part of the rione, not very full of small streets, churches and monumental buildings. The most famous monument in the rione is Trevi Fountain. Public libraries in Trevi include Casa delle Traduzioni. Piazza Barberini Piazza della Pilota Piazza del Quirinale Piazza San Bernardo Piazza San Silvestro Piazza Santi Apostoli Piazza Scanderbeg Piazza di TreviTrevi (rione of Rome) – Piazza dei Crociferi, with the Church of Santa Maria in Trivio
8. Colonna (rione of Rome) – Colonna is the III rione of Rome and located at the city's historic center in Municipio I. It takes its name from the Column of Marcus Aurelius in the Piazza Colonna, the rione's main piazza. Today the rione covers 0.2689 km2 and as of 2011 had 2547 inhabitants. The rione reaches to one side of the Pincian Hill. During the short-lived Roman Republic of 1798 it also included the hill itself and was called Pincio rather than Colonna. The rione's insignia is a now a silver column representing the Column of Marcus Aurelius on a red background. However, the insignia originally consisted of three azure bands against a silver background.Colonna (rione of Rome) – Piazza Colonna and the Column of Marcus Aurelius from which the rione takes its name
9. Campo MarzioCampo Marzio – Logo of the rione. The origin of this symbol is unknown.
10. Ponte (rione of Rome) – Ponte is the fifth rione of Rome, is located in Municipio I. Its name comes from Ponte Sant'Angelo, which connects Ponte with the rione of Borgo. This bridge was built by Emperor Hadrian in 134 AD to connect his mausoleum to the rest of the city. Its logo is obviously a bridge. In ancient Rome, the area belonged to the IX Augustan region called Circus Flaminius, a part of the Campus Martius. In ancient Rome there was a port, used to carry the materials for great works to the Campus Martius. That is why it was full of locals, shops of holy objects, etc.. On a wagon there was a chained condemned man kissing continuously another image of Jesus. The destination of the procession was the square in front of Ponte Sant'Angelo, where there were gallows to hang the man. Although Ponte was a quite rich area, it was the one most affected by the frequent flooding of the River Tiber. La grande guida dei Rioni di Roma. Newton & Compton Editori. ISBN 88-8289-388-X Ponte. Rione V. Il Cubo.Ponte (rione of Rome) – Church of Santa Maria della Pace
11. Parione – Parione is the VI rione of Rome. It is located in Municipio I. Its logo is a rampant griffon, a Greek mythological creature with the head of an eagle and the body of a lion. It was chosen as a symbol of nobility. During Antiquity, it belonged to the IX Augustan region called Circo Flaminio. In this area Domitianus built an Odeon, for musical and poetic competitions. Pompey built his curia. Under Sixtus IV the rione lost its chaotic look, typical of the Middle Ages, for a cleaner and one, typical of the Renaissance. Recovering buildings, enlarging streets, building the new bridge "ponte Sisto" connecting Trastevere and Parione, improved the quality of the area. Thanks to urbanization increased between the 1400 and 1500. In 1500 most of the commercial activity slowly moved to Piazza Navona, the favorite place since it was wider. From 1574 to 1674, the appearance of Piazza Navona changed thanks to the work of Bernini, Borromini, Bramante. If one palace was jutting, its front was moved backwards to preserve it.Parione – Sign of the rione
12. Regola – Regola is the 7th rione of Rome, Italy. It is located in Municipio I of the city. The logo of the rione is a rampant deer with a background. During the Roman empire, the area belonged to the Campus Martius. In the modern Regola there was the Trigarium, the stadium where the riders of the triga used to train. Emperor Augustus divided Rome into 14 regions; according to this, the modern Regola belonged to the IX region called Circus Flaminius. Also because of the very frequent floods of the river Tiber, it was drained at the end of the Middle Ages. In 1586, when rione Borgo was made, Regola became the VII with the name of Arenule et Chacabariorum. Though small, the rione contains many kinds of buildings: palaces, hospitals, embassies, run down prisons and dirty poor houses. Public libraries in Regola include the Biblioteca centrale Centrale dei Ragazzi. Media related to Rione VII - Regola at Wikimedia Commons History, maps and images of the rioneRegola – Palazzo Farnese
14. Pigna (rione of Rome) – Pigna is the name of rione IX of Rome, located in Municipio I of the city. The symbol for the rione is the colossal bronze pine cone, the Pigna. The giant bronze cone once decorated a fountain in Ancient Rome next to a vast Temple of Isis. There water flowed copiously from the top of the pinecone. This rione is centrally located in the Campus Martius area of ancient Rome. It is roughly square-shaped, extending to the Piazza Venezia on the southeast. This relatively small area contains numerous palazzi. Public libraries in Pigna include Rispoli.Pigna (rione of Rome) – Bronze Pigna at Vatican
15. CampitelliCampitelli – Logo of the rione
16. Sant'Angelo (rione of Rome) – Sant'Angelo is the eleventh historic district or rione of Rome, is located in Municipio I. Often written as rione XI - Sant'Angelo, its coat of arms is an angel on a red background, holding a palm branch in its left hand. In another version, the angel holds a sword in its right hand and a scale in its left. Sant'Angelo, the smallest of Rome's rioni, lies along the Tiber river east of Tiber Island. Rioni bordering this district, clockwise from north to south, include Regola, Ripa. Sant'Angelo's western border is the river. The rione's terrain is low and flat and, until recent times, particularly susceptible to flooding from the river. The historical significance of Sant'Angelo is mainly the result of the presence here of the Roman Ghetto. During the early Roman period, the territory occupied by Sant'Angelo lay outside the Servian walls, east of the island. This location, at a point where the river could be forded easily had great strategic importance. During the Empire, the district was part of IX Circus Flaminius, one of fourteen Roman regiones. The regio was named after the second-largest circus of Rome, built here by Gaius Flaminius Nepos. The Circus stood near the Capitoline Hill and the Forum. Augustus intended the area near the Circus to be part of Rome's monumental center, with buildings devoted to dramatic performances and temples. The first was built by Augustus, who dedicated it to his sister Octavia, the second was erected by his stepfather Philippus.Sant'Angelo (rione of Rome) – Model of imperial Rome, 4th century AD, looking north to the southern portion of the Circus Flaminius regio. The D-shaped building in the center is the Theater of Marcellus; furthern north (near the top of the image) is the Theater of Balbus, with the Crypta Balbi to the right. The large open area in the upper left is what remains of the Circus; on its northeast side are, from left to right, the porticoes of Philippus and Octavia.
18. Trastevere – Trastevere is the 13th rione of Rome, on the west bank of the Tiber, south of Vatican City, within Municipio I. Its name comes from the Latin trans Tiberim, meaning literally "beyond the Tiber". Its logo is a golden head of a lion on a red background, the meaning of, uncertain. To the north, Trastevere borders the XIV rione, Borgo. In Rome's Regal period, the area across the Tiber belonged to the hostile Etruscans: the Romans named it Ripa Etrusca. In fact, the rest of the city was a wooden bridge called the Pons Sublicius. Immigrants from the East also settled there, mainly Jews and Syrians. With the wealth of the Imperial Age, important figures decided to build their villae in Trastevere, including Julius Caesar. In the Middle Ages Trastevere had narrow, winding, irregular streets; moreover, because of the mignani there was no space for carriages to pass. At the end of the 15th century these mignani were removed. Nevertheless, Trastevere remained a maze of narrow streets. There was a strong contrast between the dilapidated houses of the poor. The streets had no pavement until the time of Sixtus IV at the end of the 15th century. At first bricks were used, but these were later replaced by sampietrini, which were more suitable for carriages. In 1744 Benedict XIV modified the borders of the rioni, giving Trastevere its modern limits.Trastevere – A typical narrow alley in Trastevere seen from the lower slopes of the Gianicolo hill
19. Borgo (rione of Rome) – Borgo, is the 14th historic district of Rome, Italy. It lies on the west bank of the Tiber, within Municipio I, it has a trapezoidal shape. Its coat of arms shows a lion, lying in front of three mounts and a star. In administrative terms, the Borgo, following the city decree n.11 issued on 11 March 2013, became part of the Center. Before then, he was part of the XVII Municipio, together with the rione of Prati and the quartieri Trionfale and Della Vittoria. The main roads run east-west and are not named Vie, but Borghi. Since it lay outside the Pomerium, was plagued by malaria, this territory was used as a burial place. The latter was so named because, beginning with Titus, the Roman Emperors used it to enter the city when celebrating their Triumphs. Emperor Gaius built on the Vatican a circus, then enlarged by Nero. The obelisk standing today in St. Peter's Square was erected along its raised median. The circus was connected to the city through an archway. Nero also substituted the bridge of the Via Triumphalis with a bridge, named after Pons Neronianus or Triumphalis. Emperor Hadrian built near the Tiber his huge Mausoleum, which he connected to the left bank of the river with another Bridge, the Pons Ælius. The saint was buried nearby, this turned the Vatican into a place of pilgrimage. This church, known today as Old Saint Peter's, soon became one of the centers of Christianity.Borgo (rione of Rome) – Hadrian's Mausoleum still makes up the core of Castel Sant'Angelo. The tuff blocks visible in the lower part of the cylinder are Roman.
22. SallustianoSallustiano – Santa Maria della Vittoria
23. Castro PretorioCastro Pretorio – Logo of the rione.
25. Testaccio – Testaccio is the 20th rione of Rome, deriving its name from Monte Testaccio. It is located in the city's Municipio I. The rione seal depicts one of these amphorae. In modern times, the area has been a center of activity for butchers. The recent process of gentrification has changed its reputation from hard-at-work to "hipster". The neighborhood is home to several of Rome's culinary highlights. Testaccio's reputation among tourists is expanding. Story and Pictures of Testaccio Pictures of TestaccioTestaccio – Logo of the rione
26. Prati – Prati is a historic neighbourhood of Rome in the centre of the city, bordering with the north of the Vatican State, within Rome's Municipio I. Its logo is the shape of Hadrian's mausoleum, in a blue color on a silver background. Although it technically belongs to the rione Borgo, the Hadrian's mausoleum is one of Prati's landmarks. Prati is one of the wealthiest neighbourhoods in Rome. Prati is immediately to the east and northeast of the Vatican. One of the most famous streets in Rome, is consistently ranked among the most important shopping streets in the city.Prati – Piazza Cavour