Siege of Bactra

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Siege of Bactra
Map showing Balkh (here indicated as Bactres), the capital of Bactria
Date 208–206 BC
Location Bactra (Modern day Balkh, Afghanistan)

Greco-Bactrian victory

  • Antiochus signs a peace treaty with Euthydemus
  • Antiochus III recognizes Euthydemus's reign
Seleucid Empire Greco-Bactrian Kingdom
Commanders and leaders
Antiochus III the Great Euthydemus I

The Siege of Bactra lasted from 208 to 206 BC, it was a siege on the city of Bactra by Seleucid Empire after defeating the Greco-Bactrians at the Battle of the Arius the Seleucids besieged the capital of Bactria until news from the west of his dominions and lack of progress against the city led Antiochus to negotiate peace with Euthydemus and lift the siege. In the peace that was agreed Antiochus recognized Euthydemus as an ally, and he gave one of his daughters as a wife to the Demetrius, Euthydemus's eldest son.

Siege and Aftermath[edit]

The Greco-Bactrians had recently been defeated at the Battle of the Arius by Antiochus III, after this defeat, Euthydemus retreated to Zariaspa,[1] likely a distract of Bactra. The Greco-Bactrians were able to hold out long enough against Antiochus for his fortunes in the west to deteriorate.

After 2 years of laying siege to Bactra, Antiochus's fortunes to the west of his empire were deteriorating. Euthydemus then sent his son, Demetrius, as his representative. Impressed at Demtrius's well representation worthy of that of a royal, Antiochus offered him one of his daughter's and agreed to a peace treaty.[2]


  1. ^ Polybius, Histories. After this battle Euthydemus retreated in dismay with his army to the city of Zariaspa.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ Polybius, Histories. Antiochus received the young prince; and judging from his appearance, conversation, and the dignity of his manners that he was worthy of royal power, he first promised to give him one of his own daughters, and secondly conceded the royal title to his father.  Missing or empty |title= (help)

See also[edit]