1. Brian Mulroney – Martin Brian Mulroney PC, CC, GOQ is a Canadian politician who served as the 18th Prime Minister of Canada from September 17,1984, to June 25,1993. His tenure as minister was marked by the introduction of major economic reforms. Free Trade Agreement and the Goods and Services Tax, and the rejection of constitutional reforms such as the Meech Lake Accord, prior to his political career, he was a prominent lawyer and businessman in Montreal. Mulroney was born on March 20,1939, in Baie-Comeau, Quebec and he is the son of Irish Canadian Catholic parents, Mary Irene and Benedict Martin Mulroney, who was a paper mill electrician. Benedict Mulroney worked overtime and ran a business to earn extra money for his childrens education. Mulroney would frequently tell stories about newspaper publisher Robert R. McCormick, Mulroney would sing Irish songs for McCormick, and the publisher would slip him $50. He grew up speaking English and French fluently, on May 26,1973, he married Mila Pivnički, the daughter of a Serbian doctor, Dimitrije Mita Pivnički, from Sarajevo. The Mulroneys have four children, Caroline, Benedict, Mark, Ben is a CTV media personality and a host of eTalk. On September 16,2000, Caroline Mulroney married Andrew Lapham, Caroline Mulroney is currently associate director of the New York Universitys Center for Law and Business, having graduated from NYU with a law degree in 2001. Mulroney had not been involved in politics at any prior to entering St. Francis Xavier University in the fall of 1955 as a 16-year-old freshman. His political life began when he was recruited to the campus Progressive Conservative group by Lowell Murray and others, Murray would become a close friend, mentor, and adviser who was appointed to the Canadian Senate in 1979. Other important, lasting friendships made there by Mulroney included Gerald Doucet, Fred Doucet, Sam Wakim, Mulroney became a youth delegate and attended the 1956 leadership convention in Ottawa. While initially undecided, Mulroney was captivated by John Diefenbakers powerful oratory, Mulroney joined the Youth for Diefenbaker committee which was led by Ted Rogers, a future scion of Canadian business. Mulroney struck a friendship with Diefenbaker and received telephone calls from him. Mulroney won several public speaking contests at St. Francis Xavier University, was a member of the schools debating team. He was also active in campus politics, serving with distinction in several Model Parliaments. Mulroney also assisted with the 1958 national election campaign at the level in Nova Scotia. After graduating from St. Francis Xavier with a degree in science in 1959Brian Mulroney – Mulroney in February 2011
2. Museum of Modern Art – The Museum of Modern Art is an art museum located in Midtown Manhattan in New York City, on 53rd Street between Fifth and Sixth Avenues. MoMA has been important in developing and collecting modernist art, and is identified as one of the largest and most influential museums of modern art in the world. The MoMA Library includes approximately 300,000 books and exhibition catalogs, over 1,000 periodical titles, the archives holds primary source material related to the history of modern and contemporary art. The idea for The Museum of Modern Art was developed in 1929 primarily by Abby Aldrich Rockefeller and they became known variously as the Ladies, the daring ladies and the adamantine ladies. They rented modest quarters for the new museum in the Heckscher Building at 730 Fifth Avenue in Manhattan, and it opened to the public on November 7,1929, nine days after the Wall Street Crash. Abby had invited A. Conger Goodyear, the president of the board of trustees of the Albright Art Gallery in Buffalo, New York. At the time, it was Americas premier museum devoted exclusively to art. One of Abbys early recruits for the staff was the noted Japanese-American photographer Soichi Sunami. Goodyear enlisted Paul J. Sachs and Frank Crowninshield to join him as founding trustees, Sachs, the associate director and curator of prints and drawings at the Fogg Museum at Harvard University, was referred to in those days as a collector of curators. Goodyear asked him to recommend a director and Sachs suggested Alfred H. Barr, under Barrs guidance, the museums holdings quickly expanded from an initial gift of eight prints and one drawing. Its first successful exhibition was in November 1929, displaying paintings by Van Gogh, Gauguin, Cézanne. Abbys husband was opposed to the museum and refused to release funds for the venture. Nevertheless, he donated the land for the current site of the museum, plus other gifts over time. During that time it initiated many more exhibitions of noted artists, the museum also gained international prominence with the hugely successful and now famous Picasso retrospective of 1939–40, held in conjunction with the Art Institute of Chicago. In its range of presented works, it represented a significant reinterpretation of Picasso for future art scholars, Boy Leading a Horse was briefly contested over ownership with the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum. In 1941, MoMA hosted the exhibition, Indian Art of the United States. His brother, David Rockefeller, also joined the board of trustees in 1948. David subsequently employed the noted architect Philip Johnson to redesign the garden and name it in honor of his motherMuseum of Modern Art – Museum of Modern Art
3. Babson College – Babson College is a private business school in Wellesley, Massachusetts, established in 1919. Babsons central focus on education has made it the most prestigious entrepreneurship college in the United States. It was founded by Roger W. Babson as a business institute. Now co-ed, Babson College offers bachelors degrees in business administration, through Babsons F. W. Olin Graduate School of Business, the college also offers masters degrees in business administration, finance, accounting, entrepreneurial leadership, and management. Often referred to as the Entrepreneurs College, Babson is renowned for immersing its students in the entrepreneurial lifestyle, Babson currently offers undergraduates nearly 55 entrepreneurship-related courses. These courses are taught in tandem with traditional liberal arts courses, every entrepreneurship course at Babson is taught by professors who have started, sold, bought, or run successful businesses. Babson currently has an acceptance rate of 26%. Babson College has consistently appeared on the U. S. News & World Report rankings as the one college in entrepreneurship education for nearly three decades. In 2014, CNNs Money Magazine named Babson the number one college in the country for value, and in 2015, the Economist ranked Babson second on its 2015 list of best colleges and universities in outperforming earnings expectations. Babsons MBA program has also ranked number one in entrepreneurship for over twenty years by U. S. News & World Report. On September 3,1919, with an enrollment of twenty-seven students, Roger Babson, the founder of the school, set out to distinguish the Babson Institute from colleges offering mainly instruction in business. The Institute provided intensive training in the fundamentals of production, finance, the curriculum was divided into four subject areas, practical economics, financial management, business psychology, and personal efficiency. The programs pace assumed that students would learn arts and sciences content elsewhere, mr. Babson favored a combination of class work and actual business training. Seasoned businessmen made up the majority of the faculty, to better prepare students for the realities of the business world, the Institutes curriculum focused more on practical experience and less on lectures. The institute also maintained a business environment as part of the everyday life. The students, required to wear professional attire, kept regular business hours and were monitored by punching in and they were also assigned an office desk equipped with a telephone, typewriter, adding machine, and Dictaphone. Personal secretaries typed the students assignments and correspondence in an effort to reflect the business world. Roger Babson aimed to prepare his students to enter their chosen careers as executives, Babson is involved in a Three College Collaboration with Olin College and Wellesley CollegeBabson College – Arthur M. Blank Center
4. List of Venezuelans – Famous or notable Venezuelans include, Alejandro Chataing, known as Cipriano Castros architect. Carlos Raúl Villanueva, builder of the Ciudad Universitaria de Caracas and he is among the worlds richest men according to Forbes magazine, which estimates his fortune at $6 billion. Manuel Antonio Matos, banker and caudillo Lorenzo Mendoza, oversees one of Venezuelas largest private companies, eugenio Mendoza, Venezuelan business tycoon who made important contributions in the modernization of the country during the 20th Century. Henry Lord Boulton, Venezuelan aviator, entrepreneur, owner, and former owner of businesses such as Casas Boulton. Ali Lenin Aguilera, Venezuelan lawyer, entrepreneur, carolina Herrera, fashion designer and entrepreneur who founded her eponymous company in 1980. Rostislav Ordovsky-Tanaevsky Blanco, entrepreneur, president of Rostik Group in Russia, luisa Cáceres de Arismendi, heroine from the Venezuelan War of Independence Pedro Camejo, lieutenant at the Venezuelan war of independence. Agostino Codazzi, Italian born, military officer, cartographer, former governor of Barinas, francisco de Miranda, Wars of Independence leader, veteran of the U. S. and French revolutions. Antonio José de Sucre, Wars of Independence leader, Grand Marshal of Ayacucho, president of Bolivia, president of Peru Juan José Flores, founder of Ecuador, santiago Mariño, hero in the Venezuelan War of Independence, and important leader of Venezuelas eastern. Cristóbal Mendoza, considered to be the first President of Venezuela, José Gregorio Monagas, hero of the Venezuelan War of Independence, and former president. José Tadeo Monagas, hero of the Venezuelan War of Independence, mariano Montilla, Major General of the Army of Venezuela in the Venezuelan War of Independence. José Antonio Páez, Wars of Independence leader, former President, José Félix Ribas, leader and hero of the Venezuelan War of Independence. Juan Germán Roscio, lawyer and politician, main editor of the Venezuelan Declaration of Independence, rafael Urdaneta, hero of the Latin American wars of independence. Fernando Adames Torres General of the Army during the Revolution of Coro, Senator representing Lara State, fermin Toro, politician, diplomat, writer, minister of Finance and Foreign Affairs, president of the 1858 National Convention. Jacinto Convit, medic and scientist, known for developing a vaccine to fight leprosy, francisco De Venanzi, Venezuelan doctor, scientist, scholar, and rector of the Central University of Venezuela. José Del Vecchio, pioneered both sports medicine and youth baseball development, humberto Fernández Morán, researcher and founder of the Venezuelan Institute for Neurological and Brain Studies, who developed the diamond scalpel. José Gregorio Hernández, physician and religious figure, tobías Lasser, botanist, founder of the Botanic Garden of Caracas. José María Vargas, modernized the Medicine studies in Venezuela in the half of the 19th century. José Antonio Delgado, first person to summit five eight-thousanders, ramón José Velásquez, former president, historian, journalist, Alirio Ugarte Pelayo, lawyer, politicianList of Venezuelans – Martín Tovar y Tovar
5. Media proprietor – Those with significant control, ownership, and influence of a large company in the mass media may also be called a tycoon, baron, or business magnate. Social media creators and founders can also be considered media moguls, in the United States, newspaper proprietors first became prominent in the 19th century with the development of mass circulation newspapers. Reflecting this, the press baron was replaced by media baron. In modern relevance, social media sites need to be taken into account such as Facebook in relation to Mark Zuckerberg who is an extremely important Media proprietor, Media and technology play a significant role in mass media productionMedia proprietor – Journalism
6. Donald J. Carty – Donald J. Carty, OC is a Canadian-American businessman who serves as chairman of Virgin America, Porter Airlines and eRewards. In addition to these chairmanships, Carty is also a director of EMC Corporation, Dell, Barrick Gold, Talisman Energy, CN Rail and he was previously chairman and chief executive officer of AMR Corporation, the parent company of American Airlines, from 1998 to 2003. Carty is a past director of Hawaiian Airlines, Sears, Placer Dome, CHC Helicopters and he currently serves on the Executive Board of the SMU Cox School of Business, In January 2007. Carty became the Vice Chairman and chief officer of Dell. On June 13,2008, Carty retired from day-to-day operations, born in Toronto, Ontario, on July 23,1946, Carty attended Queens University and Harvard Business School. He took US citizenship during the 1980s and he worked for Air Canada and the Canadian Pacific Railway before joining American, although he served as CEO for CP Air from 1985 to 1987. At American, he served as controller, and later as vice president for finance and planning under CEO Robert Crandall. Although many other airlines had similar retention bonus arrangements, several AMR board members—most notably University of Oklahoma president David L. Boren—called for Cartys resignation, Carty stepped down on April 24,2003. He was replaced as CEO by Gerard Arpey, and as chairman by Edward A. Brennan, Carty was appointed as Chairman of Virgin America on February 6,2006. In 1999, Board Alert named him one of the year’s Outstanding Directors. In 2002, in September 2002, Carty was appointed by President Bush to the National Infrastructure Advisory Council where he served until the summer of 2005. He is a recipient of an Honorary Doctor of Law from Queen’s UniversityDonald J. Carty – Donald Carty (Jim Wallace, 2002)
7. Barrick Gold – Barrick Gold Corporation is the largest gold mining company in the world, with its headquarters in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Barrick is currently undertaking mining projects in Argentina, Australia, Canada, Chile, the Dominican Republic, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Saudi Arabia, the United States and Zambia. For 2013, it produced 7.2 million ounces of gold at all-in sustaining costs of US $915/ounce and 539 million pounds of copper at C1 cash costs of $1. 92/pound. As of December 31,2013, its proven and probable reserves were 104.1 million ounces of gold,888 million ounces of silver contained within gold reserves. On January 20,2006, Barrick acquired a majority share of Placer Dome, the production of the combined organization moved Barrick to its current position as the largest gold producer, ahead of Newmont Mining Corporation. In 2016 Barrick produced 5.52 million ounces of gold at all-in sustaining costs of $730 per ounce, copper production for the year totaled 415 million pounds at all-in sustaining cash costs of $2.05 per pound. Barrick Gold Corporation evolved from a privately held North American oil and gas company, after suffering huge financial losses in oil and gas, principal Peter Munk decided to focus on gold. Barrick Resources Corporation became a traded company on May 2,1983. The company’s first acquisition was the Renabie mine, near Wawa, Ontario, which produced around 16,000 troy ounces of gold in 1984, but its best year was 1990 with 48,000 ounces produced. In 1984, Barrick acquired Camflo Mining, which had operations in the province of Quebec, barrick’s effort to purchase was slowed by skepticism the company could assume Camflo’s debt of around $100 million. The sale was finalized in May 1984, with terms that obligated Barrick to repay the debt to The Royal Bank of Canada within one year, the debt was fully paid in January 1985. Barrick Resource’s next acquisition was the Mercur mine in Mercur, Utah, in June 1985, followed by the Goldstrike mine, in Nevada, the Goldstrike mine is located on the Carlin Trend. The company’s name was changed to American Barrick Resources in 1986 and it was listed on the New York Stock Exchange in February 1987. The name was changed to the present Barrick Gold Corporation in 1995, a third acquisition followed in early 1999, when Barrick Gold acquired Sutton Resources Ltd. for around $350 million in stock, assuming ownership of properties in Tanzania. In 2001 Barrick Gold made another deal, worth about USD $2.3 billion, to buy the Homestake Mining Company. The purchase moved Barrick to second largest gold producer in the world, the company offered US $9.2 billion for Placer Dome Inc. in a bid announced October 31,2005. During the following weeks, Placer Dome recommended shareholders reject the offer, in December, Placer Dome’s board of directors approved an increased offer worth US $10.4 billion. The transaction closed in early 2006, making Barrick the world’s largest gold producer, on July 24,2006, Barrick announced their intent to purchase NovaGold Resources and Pioneer MetalsBarrick Gold – The Super Pit gold mine
8. Daktari Ranch affair – The Daktari Ranch affair was a hypothesized plot to overthrow Hugo Chávez, who was the President of Venezuela. On 9 May 2004, Venezuelan police raided a ranch in Baruta, a total of fifty-five Colombian men were arrested. The raided ranch was owned by Roberto Alonso, a Cuban exile active in the anti-Castro movement, shortly thereafter, they arrested 71 more men at a neighboring ranch that was owned by Gustavo Cisneros, another outspoken Cuban-Venezuelan Chávez opponent. One of the detainees allegedly stated that they had been offered 500,000 Colombian pesos to work on the farm, upon their arrival at the farm, however, they were told that they instead would need to prepare for an attack on a Venezuelan National Guard base. The goal of the attack was allegedly to steal weapons and fully arm a 3. According to opposition spokespersons and some of the arrested, many of the Colombian nationals were merely unemployed and impoverished peasants. He was said not to be recognized when he was presented to the Colombian detainees, some women and underaged children were also included among those captured suspected paramilitaries. The latter were speedily repatriated to Colombia by Venezuelan authorities, the men were caught wearing Venezuelan Army uniforms. Six Venezuelan military officers were reported to be in custody. During the judicial process, the number of the accused shrank to 100 as several of the alleged paramilitaries were deported or collaborated with Venezuelan authorities. On 25 October 2005, a Venezuelan military tribunal found 27 of the men guilty, sentencing them to six years in jail, three out of the six Venezuelan military officers were also condemned by the tribunal. In June 2004, a Cuban Miami TV channel broadcast a program featuring the Florida-based Commandos F4, rodolfo Frometa, the Commandos F4 leader, said that his group was allegedly ready to carry out violent attacks against the Cuban government. Former Venezuelan army captain Eduardo García described the help he received from Commandos F4 to organize similar violent actions against the Chávez government, according to the TV program maker Randy Alonso, the US government would have allegedly earmarked $36 million to support such paramilitary groups. U. S. officials and opposition figures in Venezuela have dismissed this claim, Alonso himself went into hiding, and many media reports stated that he had fled the country. In August 2007, Hugo Chávez granted a pardon to 41 Colombian convicts who were not involved in human rights violations or war crimes. The 27 Colombian convicts who were sentenced in October 2005 were among those pardoned and deported to Colombia with the exception of those being investigated for homicide, Venezuelan Court Releases 2 Officers and 38 others Involved Destabilization Plan 5 October 2005, Alessandro Parma, Venezuelanalysis. comDaktari Ranch affair – Early life and career
9. Macarena (song) – Macarena is a Spanish dance song by Los del Río about a woman of the same name. Appearing on the 1993 album A mí me gusta, it was a hit in 1995,1996, and 1997, and continues to be a popular dance at weddings, parties. One of the most iconic examples of 1990s dance music, it was ranked the #1 Greatest One-Hit Wonder of All Time by VH1 in 2002, the song uses a type of clave rhythm. The song ranks at No.7 on Billboards All Time Top 100 and it also ranks at No.1 on Billboards All Time Latin Songs. It is also Billboards No.1 dance song and one of six foreign language songs to hit No.1 since 1955s rock era began, Macarenas composition features a variant on the clave rhythm. The song is written in the key of Ab Mixolydian, many prominent Venezuelans were in attendance that night, including former president Carlos Andrés Pérez. Cisneros had arranged for a flamenco teacher, Diana Patricia Cubillán Herrera, to do a small performance for the guests. In Andalusian culture labeling a woman Magdalena is to give her a faint association with Mary Magdalenes reportedly seedy past, the refrain musically matches that of Taint What You Do, written by Melvin Sy Oliver and James Trummy Young, first recorded in 1939. The similarity is particularly apparent in the version by The Fun Boy Three. The song was recorded in 1992, and released in 1993 as a rumba. This was the first of six versions of the song that can be associated with Los Del Rio, another version, a new flamenco rumba pop fusion theme with fully Spanish lyrics, attained significant success in Spain, Colombia and Mexico. Being the base for many ships, visitors to the island were constantly exposed to the song during their stay in Puerto Rico. This may explain how the song spread to—and became a hit in—cities with sizable Latino communities in the United States, particularly Miami and New York City. Jammin Johnny Caride, a radio personality at Power 96 in Miami, Caride brought the Macarena to his supervisors at Power 96 who asked him to create an English-language version of the song. Caride recruited his two partners at Bayside Records, Mike In The Night Triay and Carlos de Yarza, to remix the original song, the new, English-language lyrics were written by Yarza and Triay. The trio, known as the Bayside Boys, added a new dance beat specifically targeted to American, the finished version was called Macarena. The Bayside Boys remix hit number one on the Billboard Hot 100 in August 1996, the reworked Macarena spent 14 weeks at No.1 on the U. S. Billboard Hot 100 singles chart, one of the longest runs atop the Hot 100 chart in history. The single spent its final week at No.1 on its 46th week on the chart, Billboard ranked it as the No.1 song for 1996Macarena (song) – One of 1993 early releases
10. Super Pit gold mine – The Fimiston Open Pit, colloquially known as the Super Pit, was Australias largest open cut gold mine until 2016 when it was surpassed by the Newmont Boddington gold mine also in Western Australia. The Super Pit is located off the Goldfields Highway on the south-east edge of Kalgoorlie, the pit is oblong in shape and is approximately 3.5 kilometres long,1.5 kilometres wide and 570 metres deep. At these dimensions, it is enough to be seen from space. The Super Pit is owned by Kalgoorlie Consolidated Gold Mines Pty Ltd, the mine produces 850,000 ounces of gold per year, and employs around 550 employees directly on site. Originally consisting of a number of underground mines, consolidation into a single open pit mine was attempted by Alan Bond. The Super Pit was eventually created in 1989 by Kalgoorlie Consolidated Gold Mines Pty Ltd, Barrick Gold acquired its share of the mine in December 2001, when it took over Homestake Mining Company. Newmont became part-owner of the three months later, when it acquired Normandy Mining in February 2002. Most of the gold mined in the Super Pit occurs within ore lodes formed by ancient shears in a rock unit called the Golden Mile Dolerite. Mining is via conventional drill and blast mining via face shovels, around 15 million tonnes of rock is moved in any given year, consisting primarily of waste rock. Gold within the Golden Mile lode system is unusual in that it is present as telluride minerals within pyrite and this is then roasted at a small smelter outside Kalgoorlie-Boulder to liberate the gold from the tellurides, with doré bars poured. Past production figures were, Kalgoorlie Consolidated Gold Mines Pty LtdSuper Pit gold mine – Super Pit gold mine, c. 2005
11. Thomas Ammann – Thomas E. Ammann was a leading Swiss art dealer in Impressionist and Twentieth Century Art and major collector of Post-war and Contemporary Art. Born 1950 in Ermatingen, Switzerland, as the youngest of four children, aged 18 he went to work at Galerie Bruno Bischofberger in Zurich. It was during time of apprenticeship that Ammann first met Andy Warhol who would become a close friend. In 1977 Ammann went into business for himself and he was named to the International Best Dressed List Hall of Fame in 1988. In 1977 Ammann established his own gallery, Thomas Ammann Fine Art which was soon to be visited by major collectors throughout Europe, Ammann proved to be a major player in the international art auctions in London and New York as a bidder and buyer on record breaking artworks. Thomas Ammann started organizing exhibitions at his gallery from 1987, Thomas Ammann Fine Art today is directed by Ammanns second oldest sister Doris who joined the gallery in the late seventies and worked as its financial administrator until her brother died in 1993. Tobias Mueller Ammann, Thomas Ammanns sole nephew, is managing director of Zurichs Galerie Bruno Bischofberger since 1995, after working for Christies in London and Athens. Living up to his maxim You shall not collect what you want to sell, Ammann strictly divided his dealing in early art from his collecting postwar. Following the untimely deaths of Alexander Schmidheiny in 1992 and Thomas Ammann in 1993, Doris Ammann exhibits some of the inherited works as private loans, while Stephan Schmidheiny transferred his share to the newly created Daros Collection. Ammann was a supporter in the fight against AIDS, the illness many prominent figures from the artworld fell victim to. The evening of 2 May 1988, following the auction of the Andy Warhol Collection at Sothebys in New York, Ammann orchestrated a benefit auction which raised nearly two million US dollars. The initial volumes were published in 2002 and 2004 by Phaidon Press in a joint effort of Thomas Ammann Fine Art. From Twombly to Clemente - Selected works from a Private Collection, Kunsthalle Basel,1985 Andy Warhol Catalogue Raisonné VolThomas Ammann – Thomas Ammann (1950–1993) Swiss art dealer & collector
12. Woodrow Wilson Awards – Created in 1999 as a local Award for leadership in Washington, DC, the Awards were expanded in 2001 to recognize great leaders and thinkers throughout the world. Funding from the Awards supports additional research, scholars, and programs in Washington, recipients of this award share Woodrow Wilson’s steadfast belief in public discourse, scholarship, and the extension of the benefits of knowledge in the United States and around the world. The Woodrow Wilson Award for Corporate Citizenship is given to executives who demonstrate a commitment to the common good—beyond the bottom line and they are the people who demonstrate that private firms should be good citizens in their own neighborhoods, as well as in the world. The award is given to those who have done work in improving their local communities. The Wilson Center is the memorial to President Woodrow Wilson, with headquarters in Washington. The Center was established as part of the Smithsonian in 1968 by an act of the United States Congress and it is a nonpartisan research institution that is committed to fostering research, study, and discussion of national and global affairs. The Center promotes collaboration among a full spectrum of individuals concerned with policy and scholarship in national, the mission of the Center is to commemorate the ideals and concerns of President Wilson by providing a link between the world of ideas and the world of policy. Lee H. Hamilton is the president and director of the Wilson Center, the Woodrow Wilson Center is a research body kim belonging to the Smithsonian Institution. Most of its facilities are located in Washington, D. C. but its 19 museums, zoo, mental hospitals and eight research centers include sites in New York City, Virginia, Panama and it has over 142 million items in its collections. Awardees are chosen by the Wilson Center Board of Trustees in recognition of their work to benefit society, in line with President Wilsons vision, honorees participate in efforts to improve the global community through collaboration and open dialogue. They have made contributions to education, peace, health care, culture, legislation, sportsmanship, technology, scholastic research. Woodrow Wilson Awards have gone to a set of professionals, including scientists, politicians, entertainers, diplomats, athletes, business executives, doctors. Among business executives, their industries include health care, hotels, restaurants, hospital Corporation of America Steve and Jean Case, AOL Clarence P. Cazalot, Jr. Gildenhorn, The JBG Companies Richard F. Haskayne, Canadian Wealth Management Ray L. Hunt, Hunt Oil Company Irwin M. Jacobs, QUALCOMM, at each dinner, the Woodrow Wilson Award for Public Service and the Woodrow Wilson Award for Corporate Citizenship are presented. In some places, the Wilson Center will host events where different scholars talk about policy issuesWoodrow Wilson Awards – Woodrow Wilson Award
13. International Centre for Democratic Transition – Instead of promoting democracy in general, the ICDT sets more concrete and pragmatic goals. Because the International Centre for Democratic Transition was founded in Central Europe and we ourselves have recently undergone this process and know full well the fragility of new democracies. We firmly believe that a transition can only be judged to be successful when the benefits of democracy are shared by the whole of society and his proposal was followed by a meeting between the Hungarian Foreign Minister László Kovács and the US Secretary of State in June 2004. Subsequently, the idea was presented by the Hungarian Foreign Minister at the Third Ministerial Conference of the Community of Democracies in Santiago de Chile, once again, the idea was well received and endorsed by the participating Foreign Ministers, representing more than 100 democratic governments of the world. Finally, in September 2005, the President of Hungary announced at the World Summit of the United Nations that “an International Centre for Democratic Transition has been set up in Budapest. Interregional Cooperation Promoting interregional cooperation between governments and civil societies of neighboring countries to enable democratic transition and to regional stability. The International Board of Directors of the Centre consists of prominent personalities from the areas of politics, economics, the arts. Cisneros, Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Cisneros Group of Companies, USA Prof. Emil Constantinescu, former President of Romania 1996-2000 Joel H. Cowan, President of Habersham & Cowan. Chairperson Sonja Licht, President and Founder of the Belgrade Fund for Political Excellence Members Daniel Bader, President/CEO, Helen Bader Foundation and this body serves as an organized form of communication with the democratic governments of the world. So far over 40 democracies have delegated a representative to the ICDT’s Governmental Advisory Board, which advises and appraises the work of the Centre and makes proposals for specific projectsInternational Centre for Democratic Transition
14. Porgera Gold Mine – The Porgera Gold Mine is a large gold and silver mining operation in Enga province, Papua New Guinea, located at the head of the Porgera Valley. The mine is situated in the rain forest covered highlands at an altitude of 2,200 to 2,700 m, in a region of high rainfall, landslides, the Porgera Gold Mine is operated by the Porgera Joint Venture. It began production in 1990 and was developed and operated by Placer Dome which was acquired in 2006 by Barrick Gold, emperor Gold Mine, holding a minority stake of 20%, sold to Barrick in April 2007. This gave Barrick a 95% ownership of the operation, the remaining 5% is owned by Mineral Resources Enga, which is owned by the Enga Provincial Government, the Papua New Guinea National Government and Porgera Landowners. Porgera Gold Mine is the second largest mine in Papua New Guinea and is regarded as one of the top ten producing gold mines. In 2009 it produced 572,595 ounces of gold and 94,764 ounces of silver and had 2,500 employees and 500 contractors. Since it began operating, the mine has produced more than 16 million ounces of gold and almost 3 million ounces of silver, the mine′s proven and probable mineral reserves as of 2009 amount to 8.1 million ounces of gold. It has consistently been criticised for environmental and human rights issues, Porgera Gold Mine began operation in 1990. Originally an underground operation, open-pit mining became important after 1993. Since 2002 the mine utilises both open-pit and underground mining methods for ore extraction, the site of the current open pit is Mt Waruwari which is being excavated. The open pit mine moves about 160,000 tonnes of material and gold-bearing ore per day. Ore is processed in a conventional plant, utilising several SAG and Ball mills, four Autoclaves, floatation cells. Gravity recovery is used, Knelson concentrators doing the primary recovery. A large fleet of Cat 777 and Cat 789 trucks haul on the surface, fed by O&K shovels, a collection of underground development and production drilling equipment break ground, which is bogged by Elphinstone RH series LHDs into a fleet of Elphinstone AD45 trucks. The mine is nominally a joint venture, however it is managed by Barrick Gold personnel, as of July 2007, all departmental managers are of white extraction and are of non-PNG origin. None of the management team lives in the Porgera region, the mine has an extensive training and education program, and offers diverse traineeships and apprenticeships to local people. This has resulted in people gaining the necessary skills for employment at the Porgera mine and at other mining operations in Papua New Guinea. In 2009, out of a total of 2,427 employees at the mine,93. 49% were PNG nationals,1,606 were Porgerans,33 other Engans,630 other PNG nationals, and 158 were expatriatesPorgera Gold Mine – Looking out across the lower half of the Porgera processing plant, and down into the Porgera valley
15. Getchell Mine – The Getchell Mine is an underground gold mine in the Potosi Mining District of Humboldt County, Nevada, on the east flank of the Osgood Mountains,35 miles northeast of Winnemucca. Prospectors Edward Knight and Emmet Chase discovered gold in 1933 and located the first claims in 1934, with the financial backing of Noble Getchell and George Wingfield, the Getchell Mine, Inc. was organized in 1936 and the mine was brought into production in 1938. The mining operation currently consists of two mines, Getchell and Turquoise Ridge, operated as the Turquoise Ridge Joint Venture. Barrick Gold is operator and 75% owner with Newmont Mining owning the remaining 25%, the mining method currently used is underhand cut-and-fill. The refractory gold ore is treated by pressure oxidation technology at the Twin Creeks Sage autoclave, the gold deposit is a sediment-hosted disseminated Carlin–type deposit, with sub-micron sized gold distributed in pyrite and marcasite. The mineral getchellite, a sulfide of arsenic and antimony, AsSbS3, was discovered at. The occurrence of gold at the Getchell Mine, Nevada, timing of Gold and Arsenic Sulfide Mineral Deposition at the Getchell Carlin-Type Gold Deposit, North-Central Nevada. Archived from the original on 2011-07-27Getchell Mine – Realgar from the Getchell Mine. Characteristic traces of silver, arsenic, antimony, mercury, thallium and barium are associated with Carlin-type mineralization, and are widely used as pathfinders in geochemical prospecting for gold.
16. Television in Colombia – Television in Colombia or Colombian television is a media of Colombia. It is characterized for broadcasting telenovelas, series, game shows, until 1998 it was a state monopoly. There are two privately owned TV networks and three state-owned TV networks with national coverage, as well as six regional TV networks and dozens of local TV stations, there are numerous cable TV companies operating in Colombia under each Colombian department statutes. These cable companies also develop their own channels, in addition to a variety of international channels, television in Colombia has always relied on technological advancements from developed countries importing almost all the equipment. Rojas imported Siemens and DuMont equipment and hired Cuban technicians to set up a TV station in time for the commemoration of Rojass first year in office, a test broadcast was made 1 May 1954 covering Bogotá and Manizales. These companies bid for timeslots on the channel to show their programs. The first of these companies to be founded was Producciones PUNCH, in 1963 Inravisión, the public broadcaster, was created. Before that, it was operated by the Televisora Nacional, part of the Radiodifusora Nacional de Colombia, in 1966 the government then tried to privatize the sector, opening bidding for a private license in Bogotá. Caracol, RTI and Punch would bid on the license, but the winner was Consuelo Salgar de Montejo, mrs. Montejo made an alliance with ABC and brought many of the US shows translated into Spanish to the local viewers. Her programming was so good, that it eclipsed the government owned channel by taking most of the audience and this created envy among many local business men whom felt threatened by an emerging business woman, in a totalitarian male chauvinistic society. The government recognized the power of the media and therefore did not renew the broadcast license for Teletigre, Teletigre would return to state hands and become Tele 9 Corazón and, in 1972 Segunda Cadena, with national coverage. Mrs. Montejo attempted on many occasions to get back in broadcasting TV, on 11 December 1979, regular color television broadcasts started in Colombia using the NTSC standard. Colour television had already introduced in October 1973, when programadora Cenpro Televisión made a colour broadcast during an education seminar with Japanese-made equipment. The inauguration and the first match of the 1974 FIFA World Cup were broadcast live in colour, in the 1970s and 1980s, the Colombian national television system had three national networks, Cadena Uno, Cadena Dos and Cadena Tres. The first two worked under the system while the Cadena Tres remained under complete government control and focused on cultural and educational programming. In 1984, the first of the networks in the country was created. Other regional networks, such as Telecaribe and Telepacífico, were created by the then-Minister of Communications Noemí Sanín, in the 1990s Teveandina, Telecafé, and Teleislas would join them. 1987 saw the introduction of television to the country after bidding in 1985Television in Colombia – Television live broadcast in Inravisión studios during the mid 1960s (Bogotá), where the first Colombian television shows were produced
17. Order of Isabella the Catholic – The Order of Isabella the Catholic is a Spanish civil order granted in recognition of services that benefit the country. The Order is not exclusive to Spaniards, and it has awarded to many foreigners. The Order was reorganized by royal decree on 26 July 1847, the King of Spain is Grand Master of the Order. The Grand Chancellor of the Order is the Minister of Foreign Affairs, all deeds granting decorations of the Order must bear the signatures of both. Members of the order at the knight and above enjoy personal nobility and have the privilege of adding a golden heraldic mantle to their coat of arms, Knights at the rank of Grand Cross and Knight of the Collar receive the official style of His or Her most Excellent Lord. Knights at the rank of commander and commander by number receive the style of His or Her Most Illustrious Lord, the structure of the order has varied several times since then. The following is a summary of the history of the grades and medals of the order. Knights Grand Cross – Established 24 March 1815, Knight First Class – Established 24 March 1815, retitled Commander on 24 July 1815. Officer – Established 10 October 1931, abolished 15 June 1938, Knight Second Class – Established 24 March 1815, retiled Knight on 24 July 1815. Silver Cross – Established 16 March 1903 to reward civil and palace officials, gold Medal with Laureate – Established on 24 July 1815 for award to European sergeants and enlisted men. Gold Medal – Established on 24 July 1815 for award to non-European natives, silver Medal – Established 15 April 1907 to reward non-commissioned officers and junior civil officials. Bronze Medal – Established 15 April 1907 to reward non-commissioned officers, women appointed to an applicable grade are not called Knights. Women are instead appointed as Dames of the Collar, Dames Grand Cross or Dames Cross, the decoration is a red-enameled cross, with a golden frame. The outer peaks are fitted with gold balls. The center of the medallion contains the inscription A La Lealtad Acrisolada, above the cross is a green enameled laurel wreath with the band ring. The ribbon is yellow with a central stripe, except the CollarOrder of Isabella the Catholic – Order of Isabella the Catholic
18. Univision – Univision is an American Spanish language broadcast television network that is owned by Univision Communications. Univision is headquartered in Midtown Manhattan, New York City, and has its studios, production facilities. In recent years, the network has reached viewership parity with the five major English language U. S. television networks, Univision is available on cable and satellite television throughout most of the United States, with local stations in over 60 markets with large Hispanic and Latino populations. Chief operating officer Randy Falco has been in charge of the company since the departure of Univision Communications president, the new owners helped to turn around the stations fortunes by heavily investing in programming. Televisas ownership interest in SIN transferred posthumously from Emilio Azcárraga Vidaurreta to his son, Emilio Azcárraga Milmo, in Chicago, SIN moved its programming from WCIU-TV to new full-time affiliate WSNS-TV in July 1985. After WSNS was sold to Telemundo in 1988, what had become Univision moved its programming back to WCIU-TV, wGBO-TV became an Univision-owned station in January 1995. to operate the network and its stations. The Federal Communications Commission and SINs competitors had long questioned whether the relationship between SIN and the Azcárraga family was impermissibly tight, both the FCC and other Spanish-language broadcasters had long suspected that Televisa was merely using Nicolas to skirt FCC rules prohibiting foreign ownership of broadcast media. The FCC and the U. S. Justice Department eventually encouraged a sale of the network to a properly constituted domestic organization, joaquin Blaya, the networks new chief executive officer, would sign agreements to carry two programs that would change the face of the network. He signed contracts to develop programs hosted by Cristina Saralegui and Chilean-born Mario Kreutzberger – better known as Don Francisco – for the network. It also prohibited the use of English in its programming or advertisements, in 1988, Blaya also substantially ramped up production of American-based programs on Univisions lineup, reducing the share of programming imported from Latin America on its schedule. With this, the network began producing programs with an audience in mind, resulting in Univisions schedule consisting of 50% foreign programming. During Flores tenure as host of TV Mujer, the remained the #1 daytime show on Spanish-language television. Telemundos Dia a Dia, which debuted prior to the premiere of TV Mujer, TV Mujer inspired a series of other programs, including Hola, America and Al Mediodia, which never garnered the ratings of the original concept and were ultimately cancelled. However, the networks began to wane following the Hallmark purchase. The network opted to replace the Mexican-produced serials with novelas produced in South America, however, to make matters worse, with limited revenue from advertising, the sale to Hallmark left Univision with a huge debt load to cover. On April 8,1992, Hallmark sold Univision to a group that included Los Angeles-based investor A. 5% stake in the station group, the deal placed Univision under common ownership with competing cable channel Galavisión, which the Azcárraga-run Grupo Televisa owned at the time. KMEX became the first Spanish-language television station ever to outperform English-language network stations and that year, Univision also acquired KXLN, the first Spanish-language television station in the Houston market. Perenchio also implemented new programming requirements in which programs were no longer allowed to run 20 minutes over their allotted timeslotUnivision – A Univision float in the 2010 North Hudson Cuban Day Parade in Union City, New Jersey.
19. Cortez Gold Mine – Cortez Gold Mine is a large gold mining and processing facility in Lander and Eureka County, Nevada, United States, located approximately 75 miles southwest of Elko. It is owned and operated by Barrick Gold and comprises the Pipeline and South Pipeline deposits, Pipeline and South Pipeline are open pit mines, while Cortez Hills is an underground and open pit mining operation. Under continuous operation, Cortez has been longer than any gold mine in the state of Nevada. It is Barricks and Nevadas largest gold producer, the Cortez Mountains has been mined since 1862, with silver being the primary commodity until the 1940s. The Gold Acres operation in the Cortez Mountains included open pit, Cortez Gold opened in 1968 and production ended in 1976. The United States Bureau of Mines built a plant in 1969 which would make heap leaching for gold in commercially viable by 1971. The low grade ore and dump material from the Gold Acres operation was then heap leached, the Cortez mill was reopened as the price of gold increased in the early 1980s, feed for the mill was provided by the nearby Horse Canyon deposit between 1983 and 1987. Further exploration of the region was carried out by Cortez Joint Venture which involved Placer Dome, the result of the joint ventures exploration was the 1991 discovery of the Pipeline orebody. The Pipeline orebody was located near the Gold Acres operation, instead of being located in the foothills, the Pipeline orebody was much larger than the original orebodies in the region. The entire Pipeline complex contained 23 million ounces of gold between the original orebodies, the Pipeline orebody and the discoveries of South Pipeline, Crossroads. The Cortez Joint Venture built the Pipeline Mine and mill in early 1996 following a series of disputes with junior mining companies. Commissioning of the Pipeline mine cost US$250 million, and resulted an annual output between 1998 and 2005 of over one million ounces of gold per year, the Cortez Hills deposit was discovered in 2002, underground development to define the resource limits began in 2006. Barrick Gold acquired 60% in Cortez in 2006 when it purchased Placer Dome for US$10.4 billion, the Cortez Mine is located in the Crescent Valley which is between the Shoshone and Cortez Mountains, a basin in the traditional Basin and Range setting of Nevada. Precious metal mineralization came during Jurassic-Miocene periods, the Pipeline complex lies within 600 feet of silty limestone in what is called the Silurian Roberts Mountain Formation. Above this is Devonian Wenban Limestone, which acts as the host rock of the Cortez Hills deposit, above the Devonian Limestone is Quaternary alluvium. Current haulage rates at Cortez are 350, 000–400,000 short tons per day of combined ore and waste, Cortez currently has an average stripping ratio of 3,1. Ore in the pit mines is hauled on surface using 400-short-ton Liebherr T282B trucks. Cortez currently owns 24 T282Bs, which accounts for 10% of the sales of T282 & T282B trucks worldwideCortez Gold Mine – Abandoned mill in the Cortez Gold Mine Complex at the Abandoned town of Cortez
20. Granny Smith Gold Mine – The Granny Smith Gold Mine is a gold mine 21 kilometres south of Laverton, Western Australia near Mount Weld. It is operated by Goldfields and, since the end of 2013, part of its Yilgarn South operation, which consists of Granny Smith, the Lawlers Gold Mine and the Darlot-Centenary Gold Mine. The Granny Smith gold deposit was discovered in 1979 by Canadian prospector Ray Lovi Smith, construction of the mine took place in the late 1980s. The project was originally owned by Delta Gold Ltd, which became Auriongold Ltd in February 2002, aurion was taken over by Placer Dome Inc in 2003, who already held a 60% interest in the mine, and Placer Dome in turn by Barrick Gold in March 2006. A large amount of ore processed at Granny Smith originated from the Wallaby deposit, approximately 10 kilometres west of the mine, open pit mining at Wallaby ceased in September 2006, followed by a ramp up of underground mining at the location. In February 2009, Barrick signed a Memorandum of understanding with Crescent Gold to purchase ore from their Laverton Gold Mine and mill it at Granny Smith. In January 2010, an agreement was signed with Range River Gold to purchase ore from the Mount Morgans Gold Mine, in 1999, abandoned mining pits at Granny Smith were used for trials on breeding Silver Perch and Barramundi in salty water. Production of the mine as an entity, Production figures for the Yilgarn South operation, consisting of Darlot, Granny SmithGranny Smith Gold Mine – Gold mines in the Leonora region.
21. Darlot-Centenary Gold Mine – The Darlot-Centenary Gold Mine is a gold mine located 58 km east of Leinster, Western Australia. It is operated by Gold Fields Australia and, since the beginning of 2008, part of its Yilgarn South operation, which consists of Darlot, the Lawlers Gold Mine, the mine is located in the Yandal Greenstone Belt. Ore at Darlot-Centenary is mined in an operation at the Centenary deposit, discovered in 1996 next to the Darlot Gold Mine. Homestake begun mining the Centenary deposit in 1998, the site, was originally owned by Sundowner Minerals, which was taken over by Forsayth group, then Plutonic Resources, a major Australian gold mining and exploration company. Homestake Mining Company purchased Plutonic in April 1998 for more than $1.0 billion, Gold Fields Limited acquired the mine in October 2013 as part of a purchase that included Barricks Lawlers and Granny Smith mines. Production figures for the Yilgarn South operation, consisting of Darlot, Granny Smith and LawlersDarlot-Centenary Gold Mine – Mining in the Wiluna-Leinster area.
22. Lawlers Gold Mine – The Lawlers Gold Mine is a gold mine located 23 km south west of Leinster, Western Australia. It is operated by Barrick Gold and, since the beginning of 2008, part of its Yilgarn South operation, which consists of Lawlers, the Darlot-Centenary Gold Mine, the mine is located in the Norseman-Wiluna Greenstone Belt. Gold was first discovered in the region in 1892 and the side of Lawlers. Of the original town of Lawlers, only the old station is still standing. The site, was owned by Plutonic Resources, a major Australian gold mining. Homestake Mining Company purchased Plutonic in April 1998 for more than $1.0 billion, ore at Lawlers is mined in an underground operation. In June 2009, Lawlers has been certified as compliant with the International Cyanide Management Code. Production figures for the Yilgarn South operation, consisting of Darlot, Granny Smith, Yilgarn south belongs to Gold Fields nowLawlers Gold Mine – Mining in the Wiluna-Leinster area.
23. Kanowna Belle Gold Mine – The Kanowna Belle Gold Mine is a gold mine located 19 km north east of Kalgoorlie, Western Australia, near the ghost town of Kanowna. It is operated by Northern Star Resources Kanowna Belle has one viewing platform, the gold deposit was discovered in 1989 by Delta Gold NL and Geopeko Gold and construction begun in 1992, with mining in open pit operation starting in 1993. The mine was opened by Western Australian Premier Richard Court on 19 November 1993. The project was solely owned by Delta Gold Ltd from 1999, Delta later merged with fellow Australian company Goldfields Ltd to form Auriongold Ltd in February 2002. Aurion was taken over by Placer Dome Inc in 2003, who already, at this stage, held a 60% interest in the mine, the Kanowna Belle processing plant, as of 2008, treated ore from three underground operations, Kanowna Belle, Raleigh and Bullant. In 2016 ore was sourced from Raleigh-Rubicon at Kundana, and from Kanowna Belle, in August 2009, Daniel Williams, a truck driver working 900 metres underground, fell to death at the mine. It was the fatal accident in Australian mining in 2009. The Kanowna site is underground a trial of Caterpillar’s Minegem autonomous loader technology, production figures for the mine,1 Figures for January to September 2002Kanowna Belle Gold Mine – Gold mines in the Kalgoorlie region