1. Gwen Stefani – Gwen Renée Stefani is an American singer, songwriter, and fashion designer. During the bands hiatus, Stefani embarked on a pop career in 2004 by releasing her debut studio album Love. Inspired by pop music from the 1980s, the album was met both critical and commercial success. It spawned three successful singles, What You Waiting For. Rich Girl, and Hollaback Girl, the reached number one on the Billboard Hot 100 while also becoming the first US download to sell one million copies. In 2006 Stefani released her studio album The Sweet Escape. The album produced two singles, Wind It Up and the albums title track The Sweet Escape. Her third solo album This Is What the Truth Feels Like was released in March 2016, Stefani has won three Grammy Awards. As a solo artist she has received accolades, including an American Music Award, Brit Award, World Music Award. In 2003, she debuted her clothing line L. A. M. B. and expanded her collection with the 2005 Harajuku Lovers line, drawing inspiration from Japanese culture, Stefani performs and makes public appearances with four back-up dancers known as the Harajuku Girls. She was married to British musician Gavin Rossdale from 2002 to 2015, Billboard magazine ranked Stefani the 54th most successful artist and 37th most successful Hot 100 artist of the 2000–09 decade. VH1 ranked her 13th on their 100 Greatest Women in Music list in 2012, including her work with No Doubt, Stefani has sold more than 30 million albums worldwide. Stefani was born on October 3,1969, in Fullerton, California and she was named after a stewardess in the 1968 novel Airport, and her middle name, Renée, comes from The Four Tops 1968 cover of The Left Bankes 1966 song Walk Away Renée. Her father, Dennis Stefani, is Italian American and worked as a Yamaha marketing executive and her mother, Patti, worked as an accountant before becoming a housewife. Gwens parents were fans of music and exposed her to music by artists like Bob Dylan. She has two siblings, Jill and Todd, and an older brother named Eric. Eric was the keyboardist for No Doubt before leaving the band to pursue a career in animation on The Simpsons. Her brother Eric introduced Gwen to 2 Tone music by Madness and The Selecter and, in 1986, he invited her to provide vocals for No Doubt, finally, in 1991, the band was signed to Interscope RecordsGwen Stefani – Stefani at the 2011 Cannes Film Festival
2. Dr. Dre – Andre Romelle Young, better known by his stage name Dr. Dre, is an American rapper, record producer, and entrepreneur. He is the founder and current CEO of Aftermath Entertainment and Beats Electronics, Dre was previously the co-owner of, and an artist on, Death Row Records. He has produced albums for and overseen the careers of many rappers, including 2Pac, Snoop Dogg, Eminem, Xzibit, Knoc-turnal,50 Cent, The Game and Kendrick Lamar. He is credited as a key figure in the popularization of West Coast G-funk, in 1996, he left Death Row Records to establish his own label, Aftermath Entertainment. He produced an album titled Dr. Dre Presents the Aftermath in 1996. During the 2000s, he focused on production for other artists, Dr. Dre signed Eminem in 1998 and 50 Cent in 2002 to his record label respectively, while contributing production on their albums. He has won six Grammy Awards, including Producer of the Year, Dr. Dre has also had acting roles in movies such as Set It Off, The Wash and Training Day. Rolling Stone ranked Dre at 56 on their list of 100 Greatest Artists of All-Time, Young was born in Compton, California, the first child of Theodore and Verna Young. His middle name, Romelle, is derived from his fathers amateur R&B singing group and his parents married in 1964, separated in 1968, and divorced in 1972. His mother later remarried and had three children, sons Jerome and Tyree and daughter Shameka, in 1976, Young began attending Vanguard Junior High School in Compton, but due to gang violence, he transferred to the safer suburban Roosevelt Junior High School. Young is the cousin of producer Sir Jinx and he attended Centennial High School in Compton during his freshman year in 1979, but transferred to Fremont High School in South Central Los Angeles due to poor grades. Young attempted to enroll in a program at Northrop Aviation Company. Thereafter, he focused on his life and entertainment for the remainder of his high school years. Young fathered a son with Cassandra Joy Greene named Curtis, Curtis was brought up by his mother and first met his father 20 years later, when Curtis became rapper Hood Surgeon. Inspired by the Grandmaster Flash song The Adventures of Grandmaster Flash on the Wheels of Steel, he attended a club called Eve After Dark to watch many DJs. He subsequently became a DJ in the club, initially under the name Dr. J, based on the nickname of Julius Erving, at the club, he met aspiring rapper Antoine Carraby, later to become member DJ Yella of N. W. A. Soon afterwards he adopted the moniker Dr. Dre, a mix of previous alias Dr. J and his first name, Eve After Dark had a back room with a small four-track studio. In this studio, Dre and Yella recorded several demos, in their first recording session, they recorded a song entitled Surgery, with the lyrics calling Dr. Dre to surgery serving as the chorus to the songDr. Dre – Dr. Dre in 2011
3. Moby – Richard Melville Hall, better known by his stage name Moby, is an American DJ, singer, songwriter, musician, photographer and animal rights activist. He is well known for his music, veganism. Moby has sold over 20 million records worldwide, allMusic considers him one of the most important dance music figures of the early 1990s, helping bring the music to a mainstream audience both in the UK and in America. Moby gained attention in the early 1990s with his dance music work. With his fifth album, the electronica and house music-influenced Play. His next major release, 2005s mostly upbeat Hotel was a departure, incorporating more alternative rock elements than previous albums. It sold around 2 million copies worldwide, Moby released Innocents on October 1,2013 to positive reviews. Following the release of Innocents, Moby released the ambient album, Long Ambients 1, the album was given away for free on his website. Mobys most recent album These Systems Are Failing was released on October 14,2016, the album has received mostly positive reviews. He was raised by his mother in Darien, Connecticut and he has also released music under the names Voodoo Child and Schaumgummi. During the 1980s, Hall played guitar for the punk band Vatican Commandos. Later in the decade, he was a guitarist for the rock group Ultra Vivid Scene. It left me very intrigued and impressed in a strange way, Moby released his first singles for Instinct under several different names, such as Barracuda, Brainstorm, and UHF. His first single was a commercial failure—a rap record with vocalist Jimmy Mack, titled Times Up, featuring several remixes, very few copies were ever sold. His first single under the pseudonym Moby was Mobility, but it was his remix of Mobilitys b-side, Go and he released his eponymous debut in 1992. Some of his singles in 1992 and 1993 were Next Is the E, Thousand. In 1991 and 1992 he remixed The B-52s, The Prodigy, Orbital, Bob Taggett - Mind Metal, Erasure, Michael Jackson and he also provided a rap for a Recoil track called Curse. In 1993, Moby signed with Mute Records and released an EP titled Move and this became his second appearance on Top of the PopsMoby – Moby in 2009
4. New wave music – New wave is a genre of rock music popular from the late 1970s to the mid-1980s with ties to 1970s punk rock. New wave moved away from smooth blues and rock and roll sounds to create pop music that incorporated electronic and experimental music, mod, initially new wave was similar to punk rock, before becoming a distinct genre. It subsequently engendered subgenres and fusions, including synth-pop, college rock, common characteristics of new wave music include the use of synthesizers and electronic productions, the importance of styling and the arts, as well as diversity. In the mid-1980s, differences between new wave and other genres began to blur. New wave has enjoyed resurgences since the 1990s, after a rising nostalgia for several new wave-influenced artists, subsequently, the genre influenced other genres. During the 2000s, a number of acts explored new wave and post-punk influences, such as the Strokes, Interpol, Franz Ferdinand and these acts were sometimes labeled new wave of new wave. The catch-all nature of new music has been a source of much confusion. The 1985 discography Whos New Wave in Music listed artists in over 130 separate categories, the New Rolling Stone Encyclopedia of Rock calls the term virtually meaningless, while AllMusic mentions stylistic diversity. New wave first emerged as a genre in the early 1970s, used by critics including Nick Kent and Dave Marsh to classify such New York-based groups as the Velvet Underground. It gained currency beginning in 1976 when it appeared in UK punk fanzines such as Sniffin Glue and newsagent music weeklies such as Melody Maker and New Musical Express. In November 1976 Caroline Coon used Malcolm McLarens term new wave to designate music by bands not exactly punk, the term was also used in that sense by music journalist Charles Shaar Murray in his comments about the Boomtown Rats. For a period of time in 1976 and 1977, the new wave. By the end of 1977, new wave had replaced punk as the definition for new music in the UK. As radio consultants in the United States had advised their clients that punk rock was a fad, like the filmmakers of the French new wave movement, its new artists were anti-corporate and experimental. At first, most U. S. writers exclusively used the new wave for British punk acts. Music historian Vernon Joynson claimed that new wave emerged in the UK in late 1976, in the U. S. the first new wavers were the not-so-punk acts associated with the New York club CBGB. CBGB owner Hilly Kristal, referring to the first show of the band Television at his club in March 1974, said, furthermore, many artists who would have originally been classified as punk were also termed new wave. A1977 Phonogram Records compilation album of the same name features US artists including the Dead Boys, Ramones, Talking Heads, New wave is much more closely tied to punk and came and went more quickly in the United Kingdom than in the United StatesNew wave music – Blondie, 1976. L–R: Gary Valentine, Clem Burke, Deborah Harry, Chris Stein and Jimmy Destri.
5. Weezer – Weezer is an American rock band formed in Los Angeles in 1992, consisting of Rivers Cuomo, Patrick Wilson, Brian Bell, and Scott Shriner. Weezer has sold 9.2 million albums in the US, after signing to Geffen Records in 1993, the band released its debut self-titled album, also known as the Blue Album, in 1994. Backed by successful music videos for the singles Buddy Holly, Undone – The Sweater Song and Say It Aint So, both the Blue Album and Pinkerton are now frequently cited among the best albums of the 1990s. Following the tour for Pinkerton, bassist Matt Sharp left the band, in 2001, Weezer returned with another self-titled album, also known as the Green Album, with new bassist Mikey Welsh. With a more pop sound, and promoted by singles Hash Pipe and Island in the Sun, after the albums release, Welsh left the band and was replaced by current bassist Scott Shriner. Weezers fourth album, Maladroit, was released in May 2002 to mostly positive reviews, in June 2008, Weezers third self-titled album, also known as the Red Album, featuring TR-808s, synths, Southern rap, and baroque counterpoint, was released to mixed reviews. Its lead single, Pork and Beans, became the third song to top the Modern Rock Tracks chart. Weezers seventh and eight albums Raditude and Hurley, featuring more pop production and songs co-written with other artists, achieved further mixed reviews. The bands ninth and tenth albums, Everything Will Be Alright in the End, vocalist and lead guitarist Rivers Cuomo, drummer Patrick Wilson, bassist Matt Sharp and guitarist Jason Cropper formed Weezer in 1992. The band had its first practice on February 14 of that year, Weezer signed with Geffen Records on June 25,1993 and the group recorded its debut album with producer Ric Ocasek at Electric Lady Studios in New York City. During the recording, Cropper left the band and was replaced by guitarist Brian Bell, Weezer was released in May 1994. Geffen originally did not wish to release a single, to see what sales could be generated by word-of-mouth alone, DJ Marco Collins of the Seattle radio station The End started playing Undone – The Sweater Song, leading Geffen to release it as the first single. The music video was directed by Spike Jonze, filmed in an unbroken take, it featured Weezer performing on a sound stage with little action, bar a pack of dogs swarming the set. The video became an instant hit on MTV, Jonze also directed the bands second video, Buddy Holly, splicing footage from the 1970s television sitcom Happy Days with Weezer performing in a remade Arnolds Drive-In. The video achieved heavy rotation on MTV and went on to win four MTV Video Music Awards, including Breakthrough Video and Best Alternative Music Video, the video was also featured on the companion CD for the Microsoft Windows 95 computer operating system. A third single, Say It Aint So, followed, Weezer is certified triple platinum in the United States, making it Weezers best-selling album. It is certified platinum in Canada. In 1994, Weezer took a break from touring for the Christmas holidays, Cuomo traveled to his home state of Connecticut and began recording demos for Weezers next albumWeezer – Weezer performing in 2015 at the Gathering of the Vibes in Bridgeport, Connecticut. From left to rightː Brian Bell, Scott Shriner, Patrick Wilson, and Rivers Cuomo.
6. 1969 – The year is associated with the first manned landing on the Moon. January 2 Australian media baron Rupert Murdoch purchases the largest-selling British Sunday newspaper, Peoples Democracy begins a march from Belfast to Derry City, Northern Ireland to gain publicity and to promote its cause. Ohio State defeats USC in the Rose Bowl to win the title for the 1968 season. January 4 – The Government of Spain hands over Ifni to Morocco, january 5 – The Soviet Union launches Venera 5 toward Venus. January 6 – The final passenger train traverses the Waverley Line, january 10 – The Soviet Union launches Venera 6 toward Venus. January 12 Led Zeppelin, the first Led Zeppelin album, is released in the United States, martial law is declared in Madrid, as the University is closed and over 300 students are arrested. American football, The New York Jets upset the Baltimore Colts in Super Bowl III, joe Namath is the MVP of the game. January 14 An explosion aboard the aircraft carrier USS Enterprise near Hawaii kills 27, the Soviet Union launches Soyuz 4. January 15 – The Soviet Union launches Soyuz 5, which docks with Soyuz 4 for a transfer of crew, january 16 – Student Jan Palach sets himself on fire in Pragues Wenceslas Square to protest the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia,3 days later he dies. January 18 – In Washington, D. C. the Smithsonian Institution displays the art of Winslow Homer for 6 weeks, january 20 – Richard Nixon is sworn in as President of the United States. January 22 – An assassination attempt is carried out on Leonid Brezhnev by deserter Viktor Ilyin, One person is killed, several are injured. The sessions yield the popular and critically acclaimed singles Suspicious Minds, In the Ghetto, january 27 Fourteen men,9 of them Jews, are executed in Baghdad for spying for Israel. Reverend Ian Paisley, Northern Irish Unionist leader and founder of the Free Presbyterian Church of Ulster is jailed for three months for illegal assembly. The modern-day powerhouse of the Hetch Hetchy Project at Moccasin, California, on February 7, the original is removed from service. The incident inspires Wisconsin Senator Gaylord Nelson to organize the first Earth Day in 1970, january 30 – The Beatles give their last public performance, of several tracks on the roof of Apple Records, London. February 2 Two cosmonauts transfer from Soyuz 5 to Soyuz 4 via a spacewalk while the two craft are docked together, the first time such a transfer takes place, Soyuz 4 will reenter Earths atmosphere and land February 17 while Soyuz 5 will have a hard landing February 18. Ten paintings are defaced in New Yorks Metropolitan Museum of Art, February 4 – In Cairo, Yasser Arafat is elected Palestine Liberation Organization leader at the Palestinian National Congress. February 8 The Allende meteorite explodes over Mexico, the last issue of The Saturday Evening Post in its original form hits magazine stands in the United States after 147 years1969 – 37th President Richard M. Nixon
7. Orange County, California – Orange County is a county in the U. S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 3,010,232 making it the third-most populous county in California, the sixth-most populous in the United States and its county seat is Santa Ana. It is the second most densely populated county in the state, the countys four largest cities, Anaheim, Santa Ana, Irvine, and Huntington Beach each have populations exceeding 200,000. Several of Orange Countys cities are on the Pacific coast, including Huntington Beach, Newport Beach, Laguna Beach, Orange County is included in the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area. Thirty-four incorporated cities are located in the county, the newest is Aliso Viejo, Anaheim was the first city, incorporated in 1870, when the region was still part of neighboring Los Angeles County. Whereas most population centers in the United States tend to be identified by a major city and it is mostly suburban except for some traditionally urban areas at the centers of the older cities of Anaheim, Fullerton, Huntington Beach, Orange, and Santa Ana. There are several edge city-style developments such as Irvine Business Center, Newport Center, the county is famous for its tourism as the home of attractions like Disneyland, Knotts Berry Farm, and several beaches along its more than 40 miles of coastline. It is part of the Tech Coast, members of the Tongva, Juaneño, and Luiseño Native American groups long inhabited the area. After the 1769 expedition of Gaspar de Portolà, a Spanish expedition led by Junipero Serra named the area Valle de Santa Ana, on November 1,1776, Mission San Juan Capistrano became the areas first permanent European settlement. Among those who came with Portolá were José Manuel Nieto and José Antonio Yorba, both these men were given land grants—Rancho Los Nietos and Rancho Santiago de Santa Ana, respectively. The Nieto heirs were granted land in 1834, the Nieto ranches were known as Rancho Los Alamitos, Rancho Las Bolsas, and Rancho Los Coyotes. Yorba heirs Bernardo Yorba and Teodosio Yorba were also granted Rancho Cañón de Santa Ana and Rancho Lomas de Santiago, other ranchos in Orange County were granted by the Mexican government during the Mexican period in Alta California. A severe drought in the 1860s devastated the industry, cattle ranching. In 1887, silver was discovered in the Santa Ana Mountains, attracting settlers via the Santa Fe and this growth led the California legislature to divide Los Angeles County and create Orange County as a separate political entity on March 11,1889. The county is said to have named for the citrus fruit in an attempt to promote immigration by suggesting a semi-tropical paradise–a place where anything could grow. Other citrus crops, avocados, and oil extraction were important to the early economy. Orange County benefited from the July 4,1904 completion of the Pacific Electric Railway, the link made Orange County an accessible weekend retreat for celebrities of early Hollywood. It was deemed so significant that Pacific City changed its name to Huntington Beach in honor of Henry E. Huntington, president of the Pacific Electric, Transportation further improved with the completion of the State Route and U. S. Route 101 in the 1920sOrange County, California
8. The Police – The Police were an English new wave band formed in London in 1977. For most of their history the band consisted of Sting, Andy Summers and they are also considered one of the leaders of the Second British Invasion of the United States. They disbanded in 1986, but reunited in early 2007 for a world tour that ended in August 2008. Their 1978 debut album, Outlandos dAmour, reached No.6 in the UK and their second album Reggatta de Blanc became the first of five consecutive UK No.1 albums with its lead single, Message in a Bottle, their first UK number one. Their next two albums, Zenyatta Mondatta and Ghost in the Machine, saw further critical and commercial success and their final studio album, Synchronicity, was No.1 in both the UK and the US, selling over 8 million copies in the US alone. Every Breath You Take became their fifth UK number one single, the Police have sold over 75 million records, making them one of the worlds best-selling artists of all time. They were the worlds highest-earning musicians in 2008, thanks to their reunion tour, four of their five studio albums appeared on Rolling Stones list of the 500 Greatest Albums of All Time. The Police were included among both Rolling Stones and VH1s lists of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time, on 12 January 1977, Sting relocated to London and the very same day of his arrival, he sought out Copeland for a jam session. Curved Air had recently split up and Copeland, inspired by the then-current punk rock movement, was eager to form a new band and join the burgeoning London punk scene. While less keen, Sting acknowledged the commercial opportunities, so the duo formed the Police as a power trio with Corsican guitarist Henry Padovani recruited as the third member. After their debut concert on 1 March 1977 at Alexanders in Newport, Wales and their first single Fall Out, recorded at Pathway Studios in Islington, North London on 12 February 1977 with a budget of £150, was released in May 1977 by Illegal Records. Also in May 1977, former Gong musician Mike Howlett invited Sting to join him in the band project Strontium 90, the drummer Howlett had in mind, Chris Cutler, was unavailable to play, so Sting brought Copeland. The bands fourth member was guitarist Andy Summers from Lancashire in northwest England, a decade older than Sting and Copeland, Summers was a music industry veteran who had played with Eric Burdon and the Animals and Kevin Ayers among others. Strontium 90 performed at a Gong reunion concert in Paris on 28 May 1977, the band also recorded several demo tracks, these were released 20 years later in 1997 on the archive album Strontium 90, Police Academy. Summers musicality impressed Sting, who was becoming frustrated with Padovanis rudimentary abilities, shortly after the Strontium 90 gig, Sting approached Summers to join the band. He agreed, on the condition the band remain a trio, shortly after these two gigs, Summers delivered an ultimatum and Padovani was dismissed from the band. The Polices power trio line-up of Copeland, Sting, and Summers performed for the first time on 18 August 1977 at Rebeccas club in the English city of Birmingham in the West Midlands. A trio was unusual for the time, and this line-up endured for the rest of the bands history, few punk bands were three-pieces, while contemporary bands pursuing progressive rock, symphonic rock and other sound trends usually expanded their line-ups with support playersThe Police – Summers (far right), Sting (front), Copeland (drums). The Police performing, Madison Square Garden, New York City, 1 August 2007
9. Poe (singer) – Poe is an American singer, songwriter, and record producer. Poes musical style is a blend of rock, jazz, electronica, folk, many of Poes songs have been featured in films and on television. Poe first hit the rock charts in 1995. Some of her early charting singles included Angry Johnny, Trigger Happy Jack, Hello, videos for these singles had heavy rotation on MTV. Poe spent six years with Atlantic Records and is currently on her own label, noteworthy was Poes early involvement with her online community of fans. Her web site, and the fan sites that supported her early in her career, in 2004, she co-founded the digital innovations agency Signature Creative with John Gheur. In September 2014, Poe received the title of UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador due to her invitation by Yoko Ono to participate in a UNICEF campaign, the campaign launched a world version of John Lennons classic song Imagine featuring dozens of musical artists from around the world. Her fathers film directing took the family to Africa, India, Spain, Switzerland, England, when Poe was 12, her father moved his family to Provo, Utah where Poe attended junior high school and some of high school. When Poes parents divorced, Poe, then 16, left home, Poe continued submitting schoolwork to her high school in Utah and eventually graduated. She pursued her studies at Princeton University, where she organized her first band. Poe began experimenting with musical samplers and sequencers as a teenager, noteworthy are her early collaborations with J Dilla of Slum Village. Poes musical influences ranged from Black Flag to Bob Dylan -- from Billie Holiday to Tribe Called Quest according to music writer Stephen Grecco. Poe was signed to Modern/Atlantic Records in 1994 on the strength of the demos she made with J Dilla and RJ Rice in RJs living room in Detroit. articulate, sexually explicit, reject self-pity and refuse to define themselves purely in terms of their connection to men. In September 1996, Glamour Magazine published a picture of Poe, with a snarl on her face and wearing a tee-shirt on which shed written the words, in the accompanying interview, Poe says I dont think Angry really sums it up at all. Poe began her first major tour in January 1996, as the act for Lenny Kravitz. She and her band then continued touring extensively as headliners and at festivals until 1999. Pollstar Magazine reported in 1998 that Poe had performed for approximately 600 shows in a time period. Poes first album, Hello, was released in 1995, musically, the album was described as a sample-rich amalgam of hip-hop, rock, and jazzPoe (singer) – Poe at The El Rey Theatre Los Angeles, California, 2010 (Photo by Ray Rae)
10. Elena Berezhnaya – Elena Viktorovna Berezhnaya is a Russian former pair skater. With partner Anton Sikharulidze, she is the 1998 and 1999 World champion,1998 Olympic silver medalist and 2002 Olympic champion, Berezhnaya first competed with Oleg Shliakhov for Latvia and won gold at the 1995 Trophée de France. While training together in January 1996, she suffered an injury, leaving her partly paralyzed. She recovered rapidly and began competing again in November 1996 with new partner, within two years of the accident, Berezhnaya and Sikharulidze had established themselves as one of the best pair teams in the world. During their competitive career, they were coached by Tamara Moskvina at the Yubileyny Sports Palace in Saint Petersburg, Russia, and their Olympic gold medals are shared with Canadian pair Jamie Salé and David Pelletier. Berezhnaya was born in the southern Russian town of Nevinnomyssk, her mother having moved from Voronezh and she has an elder brother, Alexei, and a younger one, Ivan. Her parents divorced when she was five due to her fathers alcoholism, her mother remarried, the family also included a cousin, Nadezhda, whose parents had died. Berezhnaya began skating at the age of four in Nevinnomyssk, at the age of 8, she began to be coached by Nina Ruchkina, who had arrived from Moscow. When Berezhnaya was 13, her coach asked her to switch singles to pairs. Although Berezhnaya enjoyed watching pair skating, she was skeptical of the proposed partnership, the coaches at CSKA also had doubts about Ruchkins suitability but accepted the pair. Berezhnaya moved to Moscow,791 miles to the north, and they made little progress as Ruchkin continued to struggle to lift her. After unsuccessful partnerships with Ruchkin and another skater, the 14-year-old Berezhnaya teamed with Latvian-born Oleg Shliakhov, the partnership went well at first, however, over time he started to become physically and verbally abusive, hitting Berezhnaya and dropping her from lifts. He decided to move to Riga, Latvia, saying they would have better and cheaper training conditions, seeing no alternative partner, she went with him. Although not violent outside the rink, he became abusive again in training, Berezhnaya kept quiet and did not tell her mother, worrying it would worsen her poor health. She continued for her mothers sake, I knew that she would watch me skate on TV and she was the only reason for me to continue. They trained on their own for a year as no coach wanted to take the pair and they had a strong showing at the 1994 Winter Olympics in Lillehammer, Norway, finishing eighth. The next season won a pair of silver medals at the 1994 Skate Canada International and 1994 Trophée de France. Having little success in keeping Shliakhov in line, their coach resigned at the end of the season, the Latvian federation appealed to renowned coach Tamara Moskvina to take on the pair and she eventually invited them to train with her in May or June 1995Elena Berezhnaya – Berezhnaya and Sikharulidze compete in 2001
11. Manu Chao – Manu Chao is a French-born musician of Spanish origin. He sings in French, Spanish, English, Italian, Arabic, Catalan, Galician, Portuguese, Chao began his musical career in Paris, busking and playing with groups such as Hot Pants and Los Carayos, which combined a variety of languages and musical styles. With friends and his brother Antoine Chao, he founded the band Mano Negra in 1987, achieving considerable success and he became a solo artist after its breakup in 1995, and since then tours regularly with his live band, Radio Bemba. Chaos mother, Felisa Ortega, is from Bilbao, Basque Country and they emigrated to Paris to avoid Francisco Francos dictatorship—Manus grandfather had been sentenced to death. Shortly after Manus birth, the Chao family moved to the outskirts of Paris, as he grew up he was surrounded by many artists and intellectuals, most of whom were acquaintances of his father. Chao cites much of his experience as inspiration for some songs. As a child, he was a big fan of Cuban singer-pianist Bola de Nieve, heavily influenced by the UK rock scene, particularly The Clash, The Jam and Dr. Feelgood, Chao and other musicians formed the Spanish/English rockabilly group Hot Pants in the mid-1980s. The group released a demo entitled Mala Vida in 1984, which received plenty of critical praise but otherwise gained them little attention. Los Carayos remained a side project of the artists for eight years, in 1987, the Chao brothers and their cousin Santiago Casariego founded the multiracial band Mano Negra. Manu Chao said in Alt. Latino in 2011, Mano Negra started playing in a subway in Paris before the band started to be known and we started in a subway for a living. This is what made the musicians of Mano Negra, and so the people using the subway in Paris was very eclectic. There was people from a lot of different countries, different cultures, so we have to be able to play all kind of music to please all the people in a subway. So that was a school to learn a lot of different style of music. Starting on a label, the group released a reworked version of the Hot Pants single Mala Vida in 1988. The group soon moved to Virgin Records, and their first album Patchanka was released the following year. Though the group never gained much fame in the English-speaking market, popularity throughout the rest of the world followed, reaching the Top 5 in the Netherlands, Italy. The band achieved fame in South America with 1992s Cargo Tour. Mano Negra also performed a tour through much of Colombia in a retired train, the Ice ExpressManu Chao – Manu Chao performing at the 2007 Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival
12. Van Nuys – Van Nuys /vænˈnaɪz/ is a neighborhood in the central San Fernando Valley region of the city of Los Angeles, California. The town was founded in 1911, and named for Isaac Newton Van Nuys and it was annexed by Los Angeles on May 22,1915, after completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct, providing it with the water required for further growth. Van Nuys was the first new stop on the San Fernando Line of the Pacific Electric Railway red cars system, which boosted its early land sales and commercial success. In 1991 Marvin Braude, a member of the Los Angeles City Council and this redesignated area included the community of Magnolia Woods. Some area residents had presented a petition and several original deeds that stated Sherman Oaks to Braude and they argued that the area was originally a part of Sherman Oaks until the 1960s, when ZIP codes labeling the area as Van Nuys were established. In 2014, A Great Streets project was introduced by Mayor Eric Garcetti with Van Nuys Blvd. to be redesigned between Victory Blvd. and Oxnard Street, also, Sepulveda Blvd. was resurfaced between Victory Blvd and Oxnard Street in May 2014. A new Los Angeles County services building is under construction on the southwest corner of Van Nuys Blvd. on February 14,2016, some 170 firefighters battled a fire at the abandoned Voyager Motel at 6500 N. Sepulveda Blvd. The 2000 U. S. census counted 103,770 residents in the 8. 99-square-mile Van Nuys neighborhood—or 11,542 people per square mile, in 2008, the city estimated that the population had increased to 110,747. In 2000 the median age for residents was 28, considered young for city and county neighborhoods, the neighborhood was considered moderately diverse ethnically within Los Angeles. The breakdown was Hispanics,60. 5%, whites,23. 1%, Asians,6. 4%, blacks, 6%, and others, 4%. Mexico and El Salvador were the most common places of birth for the 49. 8% of the residents who were born abroad—a high percentage for Los Angeles. There were 4,917 families headed by single parents, or 21. 3%, the median yearly household income in 2008 dollars was $41,134, considered average for the city but low for the county. The percentages of households that earned $40,000 or less were high for the county, renters occupied 73. 9% of the housing stock, and house- or apartment-owners held 26. 1%. Van Nuys Airport Van Nuys Boulevard Metro Orange Line bicycle path Van Nuys FlyAway Bus service Galpin Auto Sports — Pimp My Ride. Sound City Studios Los Angeles Fire Department operates Station 39, Station 90 Van Nuys Airport Area, Station 100 West Van Nuys, the Los Angeles Police Department operates the nearby Van Nuys Community Police Station at 6420 Sylmar Avenue,91401, serving the neighborhood. The U. S. Census Bureau operates the Los Angeles Regional Office in Van Nuys, the Social Security Administration operates a branch office on Van Nuys Boulevard north of Victory Boulevard in Van Nuys. The Van Nuys Recreation Area is in Van Nuys, the area has an auditorium and gymnasium with a capacity of 420 people, and a multipurpose/community room with a capacity of 20–25 people. The Van Nuys adjacent Sepulveda Basin Recreation Area to the west is an open space park behind Sepulveda DamVan Nuys – Valley Municipal Building in Van Nuys
13. Fiddler on the Roof – Fiddler on the Roof is a musical with music by Jerry Bock, lyrics by Sheldon Harnick, and book by Joseph Stein, set in the Pale of Settlement of Imperial Russia in 1905. It is based on Tevye and his Daughters and other tales by Sholem Aleichem, the story centers on Tevye, the father of five daughters, and his attempts to maintain his Jewish religious and cultural traditions as outside influences encroach upon the familys lives. The original Broadway production of the show, which opened in 1964, had the first musical theatre run in history to surpass 3,000 performances, Fiddler held the record for the longest-running Broadway musical for almost 10 years until Grease surpassed its run. It remains Broadways sixteenth longest-running show in history, the production was extraordinarily profitable and highly acclaimed. It won nine Tony Awards, including Best Musical, score, book, direction and it spawned five Broadway revivals and a highly successful 1971 film adaptation, and the show has enjoyed enduring international popularity. It is also a popular choice for school and community productions. It is also influenced by Life Is with People, by Mark Zborowski, Aleichem wrote a dramatic adaptation of the stories that he left unfinished at his death, but which was produced in Yiddish in 1919 by the Yiddish Art Theater and made into a film in the 1930s. In the late 1950s, a based on the stories, called Tevye. Rodgers and Hammerstein and then Mike Todd briefly considered bringing this musical to Broadway, investors and some in the media worried that Fiddler on the Roof might be considered too Jewish to attract mainstream audiences. Other critics considered that it was too culturally sanitized, middlebrow and superficial, Philip Roth, writing in The New Yorker, for example, it portrays the local Russian officer as sympathetic, instead of brutal and cruel, as Sholom Aleichem had described him. Aleichems stories ended with Tevye alone, his dead and his daughters scattered, at the end of Fiddler, the family members are alive. The show found the balance for its time, even if not entirely authentic. Harold Prince replaced the original producer Fred Coe and brought in director/choreographer Jerome Robbins, the writers and Robbins considered naming the musical Tevye, before landing on a title suggested by various paintings by Marc Chagall that also inspired the original set design. Contrary to popular belief, the title of the musical does not refer to any specific painting, other cast members also had run-ins with Robbins, who reportedly abused the cast, drove the designers crazy strained the good nature of Hal Prince. Tevye, a poor Jewish milkman with five daughters, explains the customs of the Jews in the Russian shtetl of Anatevka in 1905, at Tevyes home, everyone is busy preparing for the Sabbath meal. His sharp-tongued wife, Golde, orders their daughters, Tzeitel, Hodel, Chava, Shprintze and Bielke, about their tasks. Yente, the matchmaker, arrives to tell Golde that Lazar Wolf, the wealthy butcher, a widower older than Tevye, wants to wed Tzeitel. The next two daughters, Hodel and Chava, are excited about Yentes visit, but Tzeitel is unenthusiastic, a girl from a poor family must take whatever husband Yente brings, but Tzeitel wants to marry her childhood friend, Motel the tailorFiddler on the Roof – Original Broadway Windowcard evoking the artwork of Marc Chagall, source of the title.
14. Stockton, California – Stockton is the county seat of San Joaquin County located in the central valley portion of the U. S. State of California and the. Stockton was founded by Captain Charles Maria Weber in 1849 after he acquired Rancho Campo de los Franceses, the city is named after Robert F. Stockton, and it was the first community in California to not have a name of Spanish or Native American origin. The city is located on the San Joaquin River in the northern San Joaquin Valley and had an population of 315,592 as of 2016. Stockton is the 13th largest city in California and the 63rd largest city in the United States and it was named an All-America City in 1999,2004 and again in 2015. Built during the California Gold Rush, Stocktons seaport serves as a gateway to the Central Valley and it provided easy access for trade and transportation to the southern gold mines. Stockton has been the location of the oldest university in California, as a result of the 2008 financial crisis, Stockton was the second largest city in the United States to file for bankruptcy protection. Stockton successfully exited bankruptcy in February 2015, Stockton is situated amidst the farmland of Californias San Joaquin Valley, a subregion of the Central Valley. In and around Stockton are thousands of miles of waterways, which make up the California Delta, Interstate 5 and State Route 99, inland Californias major north-south highways, pass through the city. State Route 4 and the dredged San Joaquin River connect the city with the San Francisco Bay Area to its west, Stockton and Sacramento are Californias only inland sea ports. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city occupies an area of 64.8 square miles. When Europeans first visited the Stockton area, the Yatchicumne, a branch of the Northern Valley Yokuts Indians and they built their villages on low mounds to keep their homes above regular floods. A Yokuts village named Pasasimas was located on a mound between Edison and Harrison Streets on what is now the Stockton Channel in downtown Stockton, the Siskiyou Trail began in the northern San Joaquin Valley. It was a centuries-old Native American footpath that lead through the Sacramento Valley over the Cascades, Gold rush era Europeans and Americans started to arrive in the area after gold was found in northern California, starting with the California Gold Rush in 1848. When Captain Charles Maria Weber, a German immigrant, decided to try his hand at mining in late 1848. As an alien, Weber could not secure a land grant directly, born in New York, Gulnae had married a Mexican woman and sworn allegiance to Mexico, which then ruled California. He applied in Webers place for a grant of eleven square leagues on the east side of the San Joaquin River. Weber acquired the Rancho Campo de los Franceses Mexican land grant, Weber built the first permanent residence in the San Joaquin Valley on a piece of land now known as Weber Point. During the California Gold Rush, Stockton developed as a river port, during its early years, Stockton was known by several names, including Tuleburg, Fat City, Mudville, and Californias Sunrise SeaportStockton, California – Downtown Stockton waterfront
15. Bonnie Raitt – Bonnie Lynn Raitt is an American blues singer-songwriter, musician, and activist. During the 1970s, Raitt released a series of roots-influenced albums which incorporated elements of blues, rock, folk, in 1989, after several years of critical acclaim but little commercial success, she had a major hit with the album Nick of Time. Raitt has received 10 Grammy Awards and she is listed as number 50 in Rolling Stones list of the 100 Greatest Singers of All Time and number 89 on their list of the 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time. Raitt was born in Burbank, California and she is the daughter of the Broadway musical star John Raitt and his first wife, the pianist Marjorie Haydock, and was raised in the Quaker tradition. She began playing guitar at Camp Regis-Apple Jack in Paul Smiths, NY, later she gained notice for her bottleneck-style guitar playing. Raitt says she played a little at school and at camp, Camp Regis-Applejack, Raitt is of Scottish ancestry, with her ancestors being those who constructed Rait Castle near Nairn. After graduating from Oakwood Friends School in Poughkeepsie, New York, in 1967 Raitt entered Radcliffe College, majoring in social relations and she said her plan was to travel to Tanzania, where President Julius Nyerere was creating a government based on democracy and socialism. Raitt became friends with blues promoter Dick Waterman, during her second year of college Raitt took a semester off and moved to Philadelphia with Waterman and other local musicians. Raitt says it was an opportunity that changed everything, in the fall of 1970, while opening for Mississippi Fred McDowell at the Gaslight Cafe in New York, she was seen by a reporter from Newsweek, who began to spread the word about her performance. Scouts from major companies were soon attending her shows to watch her play. She eventually accepted an offer from Warner Bros. which soon released her album, Bonnie Raitt. While admired by those who saw her perform, and respected by her peers and her critical stature continued to grow but record sales remained modest. Her second album, Give It Up, was released in 1972 to universal acclaim, though many still regard it as her best work. 1973s Takin My Time was also met critical acclaim. Raitt was beginning to receive press coverage, including a 1975 cover story for Rolling Stone. By now, Raitt was already experimenting with different producers and different styles, in 1976, Raitt made an appearance on Warren Zevons eponymous album with his friend Jackson Browne and Fleetwood Macs Lindsey Buckingham and Stevie Nicks. 1977s Sweet Forgiveness album gave Raitt her first commercial breakthrough when it yielded a hit single in her remake of Runaway, recast as a heavy rhythm and blues recording based on a rhythmic groove inspired by Al Green, Raitts version of Runaway was disparaged by many critics. However, the commercial success prompted a bidding war for Raitt between Warner Bros. and Columbia RecordsBonnie Raitt – Bonnie Raitt performing in 2007
16. Fullerton, California – Fullerton is a city located in northern Orange County, California, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 135,161. It secured the land on behalf of the Atchison, Topeka, historically it was a center of agriculture, notably groves of Valencia oranges and other citrus crops, petroleum extraction, transportation, and manufacturing. It is home to higher educational institutions, particularly California State University. Evidence of prehistoric habitation, such as saber-toothed cats and mammoths, is present in Ralph B. Clark Regional Park in the northwest of the city. Europeans first passed through the area in 1769 when Gaspar de Portolà led a Spanish expedition north to Monterey. From the description recorded in the diary of Father Juan Crespi, it likely that the party camped on July 29 near present-day Laguna Lake. After establishment of Mission San Gabriel Arcangel in 1771, the local Tongva people were dubbed Gabrieliños by the Spanish, in 1837, the Fullerton area became part of Rancho San Juan Cajón de Santa Ana, granted to Juan Pacifico Ontiveros, a Spanish soldier. Ontiveros began to sell parcels of the Rancho to migrant Americans settling and developing California in the aftermath of the 1849 Gold Rush, in the 1860s, Stearns sold in turn to Domingo Bastanchury, a Basque shepherd. Sensing opportunity, they arranged to buy 430 acres north of Anaheim for approximately $68,000 and they then began negotiations with George H. Fullerton, president of the Pacific Land and Improvement Company, also a Santa Fe subsidiary. In 1894 Charles Chapman, a retired Chicago publisher and a descendant of John Johnny Appleseed Chapman, cultivation of walnuts and avocados also flourished, and the Western railroad town became an agricultural center. Drilling for petroleum began in 1880 with the discovery of the Brea-Olinda Oil Field and fueled the first real boom, benchley, and the citys chief landmark, the Plummer Auditorium and clock tower. Fullerton College was established at its present location at Chapman Avenue, through the mid-1900s the economy shifted toward food processing rather than food production, as well as manufacturing, southeastern Fullerton became an industrial center. Val Vita Food Products began operating a citrus plant in western Fullerton in 1932. By 1941 it had become the largest food processing company in the US, Leo, Tom Yates and Ralph Harrison developed the first Hawaiian Punch recipe in a converted garage in Fullerton. The city also became a producer of aerospace equipment, electrical and electronic components, navigation systems, and laboratory instruments. In 1949 Dick Riedel and Bill Barris piloted the Sunkist Lady, among them, Bruce Springsteen, Keith Richards, Joe Strummer, Waylon Jennings, Dwight Yoakam, Greg Camp, Jimmy Page, Kurt Cobain, James Burton, Jonny Greenwood and many others. Although Fullerton like other Southern California cities had experienced an expansion of population due to housing development, to serve the growing population, the California State Legislature authorized Orange County State College in 1957, which began operating out of Fullerton high schools in 1959Fullerton, California – Seal
17. Bootsy Collins – William Earl Bootsy Collins is an American musician and singer-songwriter. Rising to prominence with James Brown in the early 1970s, and later with Parliament-Funkadelic, Collinss driving bass guitar and he is a member of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, inducted in 1997 with 15 other members of Parliament-Funkadelic. With his elder brother Phelps Catfish Collins, Frankie Kash Waddy, in March 1970, after most of the members of James Browns band quit over a pay dispute, The Pacemakers were hired as Browns backing band and they became known as The J. B. s. Although they worked for Brown for only 11 months, the original J. B. B. s. The House Guests released What So Never the Dance and another single on the House Guests label, next Collins moved to Detroit, after Philippé Wynne suggested joining The Spinners, for whom Wynne had been singing. However, following the advice of singer and future Parliament member Mallia Franklin, Franklin there introduced both Collins brothers to George Clinton, and 1972 saw both of the Collins brothers, along with Waddy, join Funkadelic. Collins played bass on most of Funkadelic and all of Parliaments albums through the early 1980s, in 1976 Collins, Catfish, Waddy, Joel Johnson, Gary Mudbone Cooper, Robert Johnson and The Horny Horns formed Bootsys Rubber Band, a separate touring unit of Clintons P-Funk collective. The group recorded five albums together, the first three of which are considered to be among the quintessential P-Funk recordings. Player of the Year reached the top of the R&B album chart and he also adopted his trademark space bass around this time. Collins released two 1980 albums, his first solo album Ultra-Wave, and Sweat Band, on George Clintons Uncle Jam label with a group billed as Bootsys Sweat Band and he also was credited for co-producing the debut of P-Funk spinoffs Zapp and Roger. In 1984, he collaborated with Jerry Harrison of Talking Heads to produce Five Minutes, the record was credited to Bonzo goes to Washington. After a nearly five-year hiatus, he had a comeback in 1988, flaunted a new sound that foreshadowed the 1990s, such as the dance floor smash Party on Plastic. Laswell introduced Collins to Herbie Hancock, resulting in Perfect Machine, the techno-funk they recorded featured turnables for scratch appeal, and the smoothly-stylized vocals of Leroy Sugarfoot Bonner of chart-topping Ohio Players. In 1990, Collins collaborated with Deee-Lite on their massive hit Groove Is in the Heart where he contributed additional vocals. Although he also appeared in the video playing the bass. Bootsys Rubber Band became the de facto backing musicians for Deee-Lite during a world tour, the Rubber Band also recorded the EP Jungle Bass, their first recording in 11 years. In 1992, he joined with guitarist Stevie Salas and drummer Buddy Miles to form the fusion group Hardware. The trio released one album, Third Eye Open, before disbanding, in the same year, Collins played bass guitar on the first Praxis album, Transmutation, alongside fellow Parliament-Funkadelic member Bernie Worrell, Bryan Mantia and BucketheadBootsy Collins – Bootsy Collins, 2009
18. Strawberry Fields Forever – Strawberry Fields Forever is a song by the English rock band the Beatles. The song was written by John Lennon and credited to the Lennon–McCartney songwriting partnership and it was inspired by Lennons memories of playing in the garden of Strawberry Field, a Salvation Army childrens home near where he grew up in Liverpool. The song was the first track recorded during the sessions for the Beatles Sgt, peppers Lonely Hearts Club Band, and was intended for inclusion on the album. Instead, with the group under pressure to release a single. Lennon considered the song his greatest accomplishment, the song was later included on the US Magical Mystery Tour LP. Strawberry Fields Forever is one of the works of the psychedelic rock genre and has been covered by many artists. The Beatles made a film clip for the song that is similarly recognised for its influence in the medium of music video. The Strawberry Fields memorial in New Yorks Central Park is named after the song, Strawberry Field was the name of a Salvation Army childrens home just around the corner from Lennons childhood home in Woolton, a suburb of Liverpool. Lennon and his childhood friends Pete Shotton, Nigel Walley, one of Lennons childhood treats was the garden party held each summer in Calderstones Park, near the home, where a Salvation Army band played. Lennons aunt Mimi Smith recalled, As soon as we could hear the Salvation Army band starting, John would jump up and down shouting, Mimi, Lennons Strawberry Fields Forever and McCartneys Penny Lane shared the theme of nostalgia for their early years in Liverpool. Although both referred to actual locations, the two also had strong surrealistic and psychedelic overtones. Producer George Martin said that when he first heard Strawberry Fields Forever, he thought it conjured up a hazy, Lennon talked about the song in 1980, I was different all my life. The second verse goes, No one I think is in my tree, well, I was too shy and self-doubting. Nobody seems to be as hip as me is what I was saying, therefore, I must be crazy or a genius – I mean it must be high or low, and explaining that the song was psycho-analysis set to music. Lennon began writing the song in Almería, Spain, during the filming of Richard Lesters How I Won the War in September–October 1966 and he revised the words to this verse to make them more obscure, then wrote the melody and part of the lyrics to the refrain. He then added another verse and the mention of Strawberry Fields, the first verse on the released version was the last to be written, close to the time of the songs recording. The first verse Lennon wrote became the second in the version. The song was written on acoustic guitar in the key of C majorStrawberry Fields Forever – US picture sleeve
19. Christina Aguilera – Christina María Aguilera is an American singer, songwriter, actress and television personality. Born in Staten Island, New York and raised in Rochester and Wexford, Pennsylvania, she appeared on the television series Star Search, after recording Reflection, the theme for Disneys 1998 film Mulan, Aguilera signed with RCA Records. She rose to prominence with her 1999 self-titled debut album spawned the Billboard Hot 100 number one singles, Genie in a Bottle, What a Girl Wants. The following year, Aguilera released two albums, the Spanish-language album Mi Reflejo and the holiday album My Kind of Christmas. She assumed creative control for her studio album, Stripped, which produced Dirrty, Beautiful. Aguileras fifth studio album, Back to Basics, debuted at one on the album charts of ten countries and spawned the tracks Aint No Other Man. In 2010, Aguilera released her studio album Bionic and starred in the film Burlesque. The following year, she debuted as a coach on the reality television series The Voice. Her seventh studio album, Lotus, was released in 2012, Aguilera has also been featured on several successful collaborations during her career, including Lady Marmalade, Moves like Jagger, and Say Something. Aguilera has been recognized as a pop icon and earned the title Pop Princess in her early years and her work has earned her five Grammy Awards, one Latin Grammy Award, and a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. She has sold over 17.9 million albums in the United States as of 2014 and 50 million albums worldwide as of 2015. In 2009, she ranked at number 58 on Rolling Stones list of 100 Greatest Singers of All Time, thereby becoming the youngest and the only artist under 30 to be named. Billboard recognized her as the 20th most successful artist of the 2000s, aside from her work in the entertainment industry, Aguilera is involved in charitable activities through human rights, world issues, and her work as a UN ambassador for the World Food Programme. Christina María Aguilera was born in Staten Island, New York, on December 18,1980, to Shelly Loraine, a musician, and Fausto Xavier Aguilera and her father is Ecuadorian, while her mother has German, Irish, Welsh, and Dutch ancestry. Her family moved frequently because of her fathers service, and lived in places including New Jersey, Texas, New York. Aguilera and her mother alleged that her father was physically and emotionally abusive, claims which he denied, Aguilera used music as a form of escape from her turbulent household. Following her parents divorce when she was six years old, Aguilera, her younger sister Rachel, after several years of being estranged, Aguilera expressed interest in reconciling with her father in 2012. Growing up, Aguilera, known locally as the girl with the big voice, aspired to be a singer, singing in local talent showsChristina Aguilera – Aguilera at the Sanremo Music Festival
20. Simpsons Roasting on an Open Fire – Simpsons Roasting on an Open Fire, also known as The Simpsons Christmas Special, is the series premiere episode of The Simpsons. It was the first episode to air despite originally being the eighth episode produced for season one and it is the only full-length episode to air during the 1980s, having originally aired on the Fox network in the United States on December 17,1989. He decides to keep their financial troubles a secret and gets a job as a shopping mall Santa Claus, but later discovers that the job does not pay enough. Desperate for a miracle, Homer and Bart go to the track on Christmas Eve in hopes of earning some money but end up adopting an abandoned greyhound. The episode was the one to be written by Mimi Pond. Simpsons Roasting on an Open Fire was nominated for two Emmy Awards in 1990, and has received reviews from television critics. It was viewed by approximately 13.4 million viewers in its original airing, after attending the Springfield Elementary School Christmas pageant, the Simpsons prepare for the holiday season. Bart and Lisa prepare their letters to Santa, however, Barts letter enrages Homer and Marge, the next day, Marge takes the kids to the mall to go Christmas shopping. Bart slips away to the parlor and attempts to get a tattoo that reads Mother. Meanwhile, at the plant, Homers very mean-spirited boss, Mr. Burns. While discovering there is no money for Christmas presents and not wanting to worry the family, on Christmas Eve, Bart goes to the mall and harasses Santa, exposing Homers secret. Bart is apologetic for the prank and actually supportive of Homers moonlighting, remarking, after Homer is paid less than expected for his department store work, he and Bart receive a greyhound racing tip from Barney. At Springfield Downs, Homer, inspired by an announcement about a last-minute entry named Santas Little Helper, as Homer and Bart leave the track, they watch the dogs owner angrily disowning him for losing the race. Bart pleads with Homer to keep the dog as a pet, the Simpsons family then celebrate by singing Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer. The Simpsons creator Matt Groening conceived of the idea for the Simpsons in the lobby of James L. Brookss office, Brooks, the producer of the sketch comedy program The Tracey Ullman Show, wanted to use a series of animated shorts as bumpers between sketches. He had asked Groening to pitch an idea for a series of animated shorts, the Simpson family first appeared as shorts in The Tracey Ullman Show on April 19,1987. Groening submitted only basic sketches to the animators and assumed that the figures would be cleaned up in production, however, the animators merely re-traced his drawings, which led to the crude appearance of the characters in the initial short episodes. In 1989, a team of companies adapted The Simpsons into a half-hour series for the Fox Broadcasting CompanySimpsons Roasting on an Open Fire – The Simpsons creator Matt Groening
21. Duran Duran – Duran Duran are an English new wave and synthpop band formed in Birmingham in 1978. The band grew from alternative sensations in 1982 to mainstream pop stars by 1984, by the end of the decade, membership and music style changes challenged the band before a resurgence in the early 1990s. The group were a band in the MTV-driven Second British Invasion of the US. They have placed 14 singles in the top 10 of the UK Singles Chart and 21 in the Billboard Hot 100, when they first emerged, they were generally considered part of the New Romantic scene, along with bands such as Spandau Ballet. Soon they would shed this image, using fashion and marketing to build a more refined and they were also awarded a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. The video age catapulted Duran Duran into the mainstream with the introduction of the 24-hour music channel MTV, many of their videos were shot on 35 mm film, which gave a much more polished look than was standard at the time. They also collaborated with film directors to take the quality a step further. In 1984, the band were early innovators with video technology in their stadium shows. These five members featured the most commercially successful line-up, the reunion of the original five members in the early 2000s created a stir among the bands fans and music media. Andy Taylor left the once again in mid-2006, and guitarist Dom Brown has since been working with the band as a session player. John Taylor and Nick Rhodes formed Duran Duran in Birmingham, England in 1978, at the club they were doing jobs such as John working the door and with Nick deejaying for £10 a night. They began rehearsing and regularly playing at the venue, There were many nearby nightclubs, and the one significant one, where bands such as The Sex Pistols and The Clash played gigs, was called Barbarellas. They would go on to name the band after a character from Barbarella, the character, played by Milo OShea, is named Dr. Durand Durand. The bands first singer was Stephen Duffy, Simon Colley soon joined Taylor, Rhodes and Duffy. Colley was the original bass player, as John Taylor was the guitarist at this point. This was the first complete line-up of the band played live shows. For drums and percussion, a drum machine belonging to Rhodes was used. Colley left the prior to the addition of Andy TaylorDuran Duran – Duran Duran at SXSW in Austin, Texas; 2011. L-R: John Taylor (bass), Simon Le Bon (vocals), Dom Brown (guitar), Roger Taylor (drums) and Nick Rhodes (keyboards).
22. Harajuku – Harajuku is a district in Shibuya, Tokyo, Japan. Harajuku is the name given to a geographic area spreading from Harajuku Station to Omotesando. In popular reference Harajuku also encompasses many smaller backstreets such as Takeshita Street, Harajuku is known internationally as a center of Japanese youth culture and fashion. In the pre Edo period, the area came to be known as Harajuku was a small post town on the Kamakura Highway. It was said that in the Gosannen War, Minamoto no Yoshiie mustered his soldiers in this area, in the Edo period, an Iga clan residence was put in Harajuku to defend Edo, due to its strategic location south of the Koshu Road. Other than the mansion of the Hiroshima Domain feudal lord Asano, the livelihood of the farmers consisted mainly of rice cleaning and flour milling with the watermill at the Shibuya River. However, due to the quality of the land, production never succeeded. It is said that local farmers often performed rain-making invocations at local shrines in an attempt to improve their fortunes, there are also the tales Oyama-Afuri Shrine of Tanzawa and Worship on the day trip to Mt Haruna remaining. At the start of the Meiji period in 1868, the land around Harajuku Village was owned by the shogunate, in November of the same year, the towns and villages of Shibuya Ward, including Harajuku Village, were placed under the jurisdiction of the Tokyo Prefecture. In 1906, Harajuku Station was opened as a part of the expansion of the Yamanote Line, in 1919, with the establishment of Meiji Shrine, Omotesando was widened and reordered as a formal approach route. In 1940, the Tōgō Shrine was built and consecrated in honor of Imperial Japanese Navy Marshal-Admiral Marquis Tōgō Heihachirō, in the final period of the Pacific War in 1945, much of the area was burned to the ground during the Great Tokyo Air Raid. During the postwar occupation, military housing in the area named Washington Heights was constructed on land now occupied by Yoyogi Park and the Yoyogi National Gymnasium. Shops that appealed to the US soldiers and their families, such as Kiddyland, Oriental Bazaar, in 1964, swimming, diving and basketball events for the Tokyo Olympics were held in the neighbouring Yoyogi National Gymnasium. In 1965, the name of the area in the Japanese address system was changed from Harajuku to Jingumae. The name Harajuku has persisted due to the naming of the nearby JR East Harajuku Station. The area from Harajuku station to the area surrounding Takeshita Street was called Takeshita-cho, coming into the 1970s, fashion-obsessed youth culture experienced a transition from Shinjuku to Harajuku, then to Shibuya. Palais France, a building that sold clothing and accessories, furniture. In 1978, the fashion building Laforet Harajuku was opened, in the 1980s, Takeshita Street became known for teenage street dancing groups called takenoko-zokuHarajuku – JR Harajuku Station
23. Willie Nelson – Willie Hugh Nelson is an American musician, singer, songwriter, author, poet, actor, and activist. He was one of the figures of outlaw country, a subgenre of country music that developed in the late 1960s as a reaction to the conservative restrictions of the Nashville sound. Nelson has acted in over 30 films, co-authored several books, and has involved in activism for the use of biofuels. Born during the Great Depression, and raised by his grandparents, Nelson wrote his first song at age seven, during high school, he toured locally with the Bohemian Polka as their lead singer and guitar player. After graduating from school in 1950, he joined the Air Force but was later discharged due to back problems. After his return, Nelson attended Baylor University for two years but dropped out because he was succeeding in music, during this time, he worked as a disc jockey in Texas radio stations and a singer in Honky-tonks. Nelson moved to Vancouver, Washington, where he wrote Family Bible, in 1958, he moved to Houston, Texas after signing a contract with D Records. He sang at the Esquire Ballroom weekly and he worked as a disk jockey, during that time, he wrote songs that would become country standards, including Funny How Time Slips Away, Hello Walls, Pretty Paper, and Crazy. In 1960 he moved to Nashville, Tennessee, and later signed a contract with Pamper Music which allowed him to join Ray Prices band as a bassist. In 1962, he recorded his first album. And Then I Wrote, due to this success, Nelson signed in 1964 with RCA Victor and joined the Grand Ole Opry the following year. After mid-chart hits in the late 1960s and the early 1970s, Nelson retired in 1972 and moved to Austin, the ongoing music scene of Austin motivated Nelson to return from retirement, performing frequently at the Armadillo World Headquarters. In 1973, after signing with Atlantic Records, Nelson turned to country, including albums such as Shotgun Willie. In 1975, he switched to Columbia Records, where he recorded the acclaimed album. The same year, he recorded another outlaw country album, Wanted, the Outlaws, along with Waylon Jennings, Jessi Colter, and Tompall Glaser. In 1990, Nelsons assets were seized by the Internal Revenue Service, the difficulty of paying his outstanding debt was aggravated by weak investments he had made during the 1980s. In 1992, Nelson released The IRS Tapes, Wholl Buy My Memories, the profits of the double album—destined to the IRS—and the auction of Nelsons assets cleared his debt. During the 1990s and 2000s, Nelson continued touring extensively, reviews ranged from positive to mixed. He explored genres such as reggae, blues, jazz, Nelson made his first movie appearance in the 1979 film The Electric Horseman, followed by other appearances in movies and on televisionWillie Nelson – Nelson performing at Farm Aid in 2009
24. 44th Annual Grammy Awards – The 44th Annual Grammy Awards were held on February 27,2002 at the Staples Center in Los Angeles, California. The main recipient was Alicia Keys, winning five Grammys, including Best New Artist, u2 won four awards including Record of the Year and Best Rock Album. – Soundtrack – Various ArtistsT Bone Burnett, producer, Mike Piersante & Peter Kurland, engineers/mixers, Gavin Lurssen, pogue, Richard H. Arie, Carlos Six July Broady & Shannon Sanders, songwriters Best New Artist Alicia Keys India. Hampton, Jared Tuten & Jimmie Vaughan for Do You Get the Blues, thomas, Mike Couzzi, Ron Taylor, Scott Canto, Andrés Castro, Emilio Estefan, Jr. Sebastián Krys & Carlos Vives for Déjame entrar Best Mexican/Mexican-American Album Edward Perez, Freddie Martinez, Jr. Greg García, Freddie Martinez Sr. Ramón Ayala & Ramón Ayala y sus Bravos del Norte for En Vivo. And Its Deep Too. Jackson – OutKast Clint Eastwood – Gorillaz Put It on Me – Ja Rule featuring Lil Mo & Vita Change the Game – Jay-Z featuring Beanie Sigel & Memphis Bleek Bad Boy for Life – P. The 44th Annual Grammy Awards was the first Grammy show following the September 11 attacks of 200144th Annual Grammy Awards – 44th Annual Grammy Awards
25. Ben Harper – Benjamin Chase Ben Harper is an American singer-songwriter and multi-instrumentalist. Harper plays a mix of blues, folk, soul, reggae and rock music and is known for his guitar-playing skills, vocals, live performances. He has released twelve studio albums, mostly through Virgin Records and has toured internationally. Harper is a three-time Grammy Award winner, with awards for Best Pop Instrumental Performance and Best Traditional Soul Gospel Album in 2005, Harper was born in Pomona, California. His father, Leonard, was of African-American and possibly Cherokee ancestry and his maternal great-grandmother was a Russian-Lithuanian Jew. His parents divorced when he was five years old, and he grew up with his mothers family, Harper has two brothers, Joel and Peter. Harper began playing guitar as a child, in 1978, at the age of 9, Harper attended Bob Marleys performance in Burbank, California where Marley was joined by former bandmate Peter Tosh for the encore. It was, according to Harper, an important influence, at the age of 12, Harper played his first gig. During the 1980s, in his teen years, Harper began to play the slide guitar, Harper refined his style, taking up the Weissenborn slide guitar. Harper broke out of the Inland Empire after being offered an invitation by Taj Mahal to tour with the artist and they recorded Taj Mahals album Follow the Drinking Gourd, released in November 1990, and toured Hawaii. In 1992, Harper recorded the LP Pleasure and Pain with Folk multi-instrumentalist Tom Freund, after this limited edition record, Harper secured a lifetime record deal with Virgin Records, which released his debut album, Welcome to the Cruel World in 1994. This allowed him to be invited at the Rencontres Trans Musicales of Rennes in France in December 1993 where he went up for the first time on a large stage. The first album was followed by Fight For Your Mind in 1995, with Juan Nelson on bass, which became a college radio favorite and included several songs that Harper still plays live regularly. In 1999, at the Santa Barbara Bowl, Harper met Jack Johnson and sent a tape of Johnsons songs to his producer, J. P. Plunier. Early in Harpers career, his music received attention in Europe and was widely played in Australia. Harper has made comments on a number of occasions that his career was kicked off in Australia, in 2002, Harper was one of the featured singers covering Motown hits by Marvin Gaye in the documentary, Standing in the Shadows of Motown. On April 3,2004, Harper and Jack Johnson performed with Toots and the Maytals on Saturday Night Live, a show hosted by Donald Trump. In October 2004, Harper participated in the Vote for Change concert tour organized to benefit Moveon. org and encourage people in the swing states to vote during the 2004 U. S. presidential electionBen Harper – Ben Harper at the Eurockéennes in 2008.
26. Gavin Rossdale – Gavin McGregor Rossdale is an English musician and actor, known as the lead singer and rhythm guitarist of the rock band Bush. He helped form Bush in 1992, upon its separation in 2002, he became the singer and guitarist for Institute. When performing solo, Rossdale plays songs from his musical libraries and he was ranked 75th in the Top 100 Heavy Metal Vocalists by Hit Parader. In 2013 Rossdale received the British Academys Ivor Novello Award for International Achievement, in 2017, Rossdale became a coach on ITVs The Voice UK. Rossdale was born in Marylebone, London, the son of Barbara Stephan and Douglas Rossdale and his mother was born in Scotland and his father was of Russian Jewish descent, with the familys surname originally being Rosenthal. His parents divorced when he was 11, and he was raised by his father and his mother remarried and moved to Tampa, Florida. Rossdale has a sister, Soraya, and an older sister. His half-sister, Georgina, is a doctor, Rossdale learned to play bass guitar after hanging out with Lorraines boyfriend, who was in a band, but he switched to rhythm guitar. At 17, Rossdale left Westminster School and formed a band called Midnight, in 1991, Rossdale moved to Los Angeles for six months, lived wherever was available in the city, and took whatever part-time jobs he could, including as a production assistant on music video shoots. He then spent some time in New York City before returning to England, where he reconnected with his future manager Dave Dorrell, in 1992, Rossdale formed Future Primitive, its original line-up included Sacha Gervasi, who left to become a filmmaker. The band changed its name to Bush in the summer of 1994, Rossdale has been the lead singer and songwriter for the British post-grunge rock band Bush since its inception. Their debut album, Sixteen Stone, was a commercial success. Almost overnight, Bush went from playing small pubs in London to headlining arenas in the US, however, some critics labelled them as an inferior derivative of bands such as Nirvana and Pixies, and this criticism followed them throughout their career as a band. In particular, Rossdales forced, raspy singing voice and random, stream of lyrics were dismissed by some as an imitation of Nirvanas lead singer. Although the band reached superstar status in the US, they failed to have impact in the UK. The sole exception to this was their single Swallowed, which reached Number 7 on the UK charts, a change in record labels, management and an extended hiatus did not bode well for the band, who unofficially split in 2002. Rossdale performed a song entitled Adrenaline for the soundtrack of the film XXX and this song was also the official theme song for WWEs Unforgiven pay-per-view event in September 2002 and also was The Undertakers Desire/Tribute theme of that same year. He also guest appeared for Blue Man Groups The Current and is featured in its video and this song was used in the ending credits of Terminator 3, Rise of the MachinesGavin Rossdale – Gavin Rossdale at NOVA ROCK 2008
27. Madame Tussauds – Madame Tussauds is a wax museum in London with smaller museums in a number of other major cities. It was founded by wax sculptor Marie Tussaud and it used to be known as Madame Tussauds, the apostrophe is no longer used. Madame Tussauds is a major tourist attraction in London, displaying waxworks of famous people, Marie Tussaud was born as Marie Grosholtz in 1761 in Strasbourg, France. Her mother worked as a housekeeper for Dr. Philippe Curtius in Bern, Switzerland, Curtius taught Tussaud the art of wax modelling. He moved to Paris and took his apprentice, only 6 years old. Tussaud created her first wax sculpture in 1777 of Voltaire, at the age of 17 she became the art tutor to King Louis XVI of France’s sister, Madame Elizabeth, at the Palace of Versailles. During the French Revolution she was imprisoned for three months awaiting execution, but was released after the intervention of an influential friend, other famous people whom she modelled included Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Benjamin Franklin. During the Revolution, she modelled many prominent victims and she claims that she would search through corpses to find the severed heads of executed citizens, from which she would make death masks. Her death masks were held up as revolutionary flags and paraded through the streets of Paris and she inherited the doctors vast collection of wax models following his death in 1794, and spent the next 33 years travelling around Europe. She married Francois Tussaud in 1795, and the show acquired a new name, Madame Tussauds, in 1802, she accepted an invitation from Paul Philidor, a magic lantern and phantasmagoria pioneer, to exhibit her work alongside his show at the Lyceum Theatre, London. She did not fare well financially, with Philidor taking half of her profits. She was unable to return to France because of the Napoleonic Wars, so she traveled throughout Great Britain, from 1831, she took a series of short leases on the upper floor of Baker Street Bazaar, which later featured in the Druce-Portland case sequence of trials of 1898–1907. This became Tussauds first permanent home in 1836, by 1835, Marie had settled down in Baker Street, London and opened a museum. One of the attractions of her museum was the Chamber of Horrors. The name is credited to a contributor to Punch in 1845. This part of the exhibition included victims of the French Revolution and newly created figures of murderers, other famous people were added, including Lord Nelson and Sir Walter Scott. Some sculptures still exist that were done by Marie Tussaud herself, the gallery originally contained some 400 different figures, but fire damage in 1925 coupled with German bombs in 1941 has rendered most of these older models defunct. The casts themselves have survived, allowing the historical waxworks to be remade, the oldest figure on display is that of Madame du Barry, the work of Curtius from 1765 and part of the waxworks left to Tussaud at his deathMadame Tussauds – Madame Tussauds and the London Planetarium
28. 1969 in music – List of notable events in music that took place in the year 1969. Perhaps the two most famous events of 1969 were concerts. At a Rolling Stones concert in Altamont, California, a fan was stabbed to death by Hells Angels, in retrospect, some commentators have concluded that the violence signaled the end of the hippie movement, which espoused an ethos of free love and peace. One of those who performed was Ravi Shankar, his presence reflecting a growing interest in Indian and other Eastern music, the Isle of Wight Festival saw the return of Bob Dylan to live music after his motorbike accident in 1966. David Bowies Space Oddity became a hit in this year. King Crimsons In the Court of the Crimson King is an album in the development of progressive rock. The album drew upon influences like Procol Harum, The Moody Blues and The Nice to form a sound melding rock, the Stooges eponymous debut, The Stooges, was also released this year to little critical or popular acceptance. The album, however, went on to one of the most important recordings in the early development of punk rock. Johnny Cashs At San Quentin included his only Top Ten pop hit, the album was a sequel to last years At Folsom Prison. Creedence Clearwater Revival cement their success from the previous year, during 1969, Creedence Clearwater Revival had number 2 hits in the US with Proud Mary, Green River and Bad Moon Rising, and also have a number 3 hit with Down on the Corner/Fortunate Son. Gilberto Gil and Caetano Veloso released enormously popular albums in Brazil, Gilberto Gil and Caetano Veloso, the pairs fusion of bossa nova, samba and other native Brazilian folk influences, melded with politically and socially aware lyrics, kickstarted what came to be known as Tropicalia. Both musicians moved to London after a period of imprisonment for anti-government activities in Brazil, Family released their second album, Family Entertainment, in their native Britain. It is their first top 10 album in the United Kingdom, the Weavers Answer, which opens the record, becomes their most popular song in their concert performances. By the end of the year, however, they lose, Elvis Presley returned to live performances at the International Hotel in Las Vegas, breaking all attendance records in his 57-concert run. He also enjoyed success with his songs In the Ghetto. The composition won three Grammy Awards, Best Instrumental Composition, Best Contemporary-Pop Performance, Instrumental, and Best Instrumental Arrangement, alexander von Schlippenbach’s The Living Music, recorded a couple of months earlier, is also now regarded as a pioneering work. Chutney music was also first recorded in 1969, in Trinidad, New York City Ballet celebrates their 25th anniversary with performances at the David H. Koch Theater Lincoln Center. January 12 – Led Zeppelins eponymous debut album released, January 18 – Pete Best wins his defamation lawsuit against The Beatles1969 in music – John Lennon rehearses " Give Peace a Chance ", 1969.
29. Ryan Adams – Ryan Adams is an American singer-songwriter, musician, record producer, poet and painter. He is best known for his solo career, during which he has released fifteen albums. In 2000, Adams left Whiskeytown and released his solo album, Heartbreaker. The album was nominated for the Shortlist Music Prize, the following year, his profile increased with the release of the UK certified-gold Gold, which included the hit single, New York, New York. During this time, Adams worked on several unreleased albums, which were consolidated into a solo release. Working at a rate, Adams released the classic rock-influenced Rock N Roll, after a planned album. As a compromise, Love Is Hell was released as two EPs and eventually released in its state in 2004. After breaking his wrist during a performance, Adams took a short-lived break, and formed The Cardinals. In 2009, following the release of Cardinology, Adams disbanded The Cardinals, the following year, however, Adams resumed performing and released his Glyn Johns-produced thirteenth studio album, Ashes & Fire, in 2011. The album peaked at No.7 on the Billboard 200, in September 2014, Adams released his fourteenth album, Ryan Adams, on his own PAX AM label, and formed a new backing band, The Shining, to support the release. In 2015, Adams released 1989 a song-for-song cover of Taylor Swifts album of the same name, the release, Prisoner, was announced in late 2016. He has written Infinity Blues, a book of poems, and Hello Sunshine, Ryan Adams was born on November 5,1974, in Jacksonville, North Carolina. He has a brother and younger sister. His childhood has been described as dysfunctional and his father left when he was five and at that time he, his mother and his brother and sister had to move in with his grandparents as they became homeless as a result of the divorce. A year later his grandmother threw them out of the house because she did not want to deal with the children any longer, after that time Ryan never lived with his grandparents again but was a frequent visitor in their home. Ryan was raised by his mother as a parent until he was 13 at which time she remarried. I became who I am now because of my grandparents and he has said his grandmother raised me like my mom, she was like a mother to me. When he was eight, Adams began writing stories and limericks on his grandmothers typewriterRyan Adams – Adams performing live, September 2006
30. No Doubt – No Doubt is an American rock band from Anaheim, California, that formed in 1986. Since 1994, the group has consisted of vocalist Gwen Stefani, bassist and keyboardist Tony Kanal, guitarist and keyboardist Tom Dumont, since the mid-1990s in live performances and the studio, they have been supported by keyboardist and trombonist Gabrial McNair and keyboardist and trumpeter Stephen Bradley. The ska sound of their song Trapped in a Box that was featured on their first album No Doubt failed to make an impact. The Beacon Street Collection is a raw expression of their sound, inspired by ska punk, the album sold over 100,000 copies in 1995, over three times as many as their first album sold. Fifteen months later, the band reappeared with Rock Steady, which incorporated reggae, the album was primarily recorded in Jamaica and featured collaborations with Jamaican artists Bounty Killer, Sly and Robbie, and Lady Saw. The album produced two Grammy-winning singles, Hey Baby and Underneath It All, as well as Hella Good, after a 2004 tour the band embarked on solo projects, with Stefani releasing two successful solo albums Love. Baby. and The Sweet Escape while Tom Dumont released his own music project. In 2008, the band resumed working slowly on their effort, titled Push and Shove. They have sold over 33 million records worldwide, Eric Stefani and John Spence met at a Dairy Queen and had talked about getting a group together to play music. Eric got a keyboard and gathered some players together to practice, the practice included Eric Stefani, Gwen Stefani, John Spence, Jerry McMahon, Chris Leal, Chris Webb, Gabriel Gonzalez & Alan Meade and Tony Meade. They practiced in Erics parents garage, Tony Kanal went to one of the bands early shows and soon joined the band as its bassist. After initially rejecting her advances, he began dating Gwen, but they kept their secret for a year. Paul Caseley also joined the band in 1987, Eric Carpenter joined the horn section soon after. In December 1987, Spence committed suicide days before the band was to play a gig at The Roxy Theatre for record industry employees. No Doubt disbanded but decided to regroup after several weeks with Alan Meade taking over vocals, when Meade left the band, Gwen replaced him as lead singer, and No Doubt continued to develop a live following in California. He joined No Doubt and replaced Jerry McMahon as the bands guitarist, Adrian Young replaced Chris Webb as the drummer the following year. Caseley left No Doubt in July 1989 for the US Navy Band, No Doubts self-titled debut album was finally released in 1992, but it featured no radio singles, although a video was made for Trapped in a Box. The albums distinctly upbeat pop/cartoon sound sharply contrasted with the then-dominant grunge movement, because the music worlds focus was redirected squarely at Seattle, No Doubts album was not supported by the record label and considered a commercial failure for selling only 30,000 copiesNo Doubt – No Doubt in 2009
31. Rock Steady (album) – Rock Steady is the fifth studio album by American rock band No Doubt, released on December 11,2001 by Interscope Records. The band began writing the album with recording sessions in Los Angeles and San Francisco, then traveled to London and Jamaica to work with various performers, songwriters. Sly & Robbie, The Neptunes, and William Orbit were among the artists the band collaborated with on the album. As a result of collaborations, Rock Steady touches on many musical styles, focusing on dub, synthpop. The band attempted to capture the vibe of Jamaican dancehall music, singer Gwen Stefani wrote her lyrics quickly in comparison to previous records, and dealt with topics ranging from partying to ruminations on her relationship with Gavin Rossdale. Rock Steady received mostly positive reviews music critics, and it was nominated for Best Pop Vocal Album at the 2003 Grammy Awards. The album was a comeback for the band, surpassing sales of their previous offering, Return of Saturn. Rock Steady spawned four singles, two of which won the Grammy Award for Best Pop Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal, rolling Stone ranked Rock Steady number 316 on its 2003 list of The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time. Every night on the tour to support their 2000 album Return of Saturn, during a discussion over dinner in late 2000, the band members decided they wanted to explore dancehall-style rhythms for their next album. Drawing inspiration from such as Bounty Killer, Cutty Ranks, and Mr. Vegas. The group often tried recreating beats from other files on the computer. They worked with producer Philip Steir at Toast Studios in San Francisco during this time, when writing lyrics for previous albums, Stefani typically read works by Sylvia Plath that would make her depressed or find different words that inspire me. In contrast, for Rock Steady she wrote the lyrics quicker, many of the demos recorded during these early sessions were used in the final tracks, rather than completely reworking the songs. The band saw this as a way to preserve the initial spark from when the songs were conceived, the next month, Stefani left Los Angeles for London to visit boyfriend Gavin Rossdale, and the band traveled with her to finish recording Detective. There, they worked with Eurythmics member David A. Stewart, in March, No Doubt traveled to Jamaica, staying at the Blue Lagoon in Port Antonio. The band spent most of the swimming and getting sunburned and drinking and smoking and recording a little music. The group would often have Red Stripe beers or rum and cokes with jerk food for breakfast, on one occasion and they began work in the mid-afternoon and worked into the night, with an after-party following the session. The group collaborated with Sly & Robbie, who produced Underneath It All and Hey Baby and brought in dancehall toasters Lady Saw and Bounty Killer, and Steely & Clevie, the band returned from Jamaica and resumed work in June 2001, collaborating with producers Nellee Hooper and TimbalandRock Steady (album) – Stefani, Stephen Bradley, and Kanal performing on the Rock Steady Tour in March 2002
32. Trey Anastasio – Anastasio was a 2013 best score Tony award nominee for the Broadway musical Hands on a Hardbody. He received the 2013 Dramatist Guild Frederick Loewe award for Dramatic Composition. In addition to his compositions, he is credited by name as composer of 152 Phish original songs,140 of them as a solo credit. Anastasio was born in Fort Worth, Texas, and moved to Princeton, New Jersey and his father, Ernest Anastasio Jr. was an executive vice president at the Educational Testing Service. His mother, Dina, was a book author and editor of Sesame Street Magazine. He grew up with his sister Kristy, Anastasio attended Princeton public schools through the fourth grade, then transferred to Princeton Day School. At Taft, he created his first two bands, Red Tide and Space Antelope, Anastasio attended the University of Vermont and Goddard College. Anastasio enrolled at UVM as a major, where he met original Phish bandmates Jon Fishman, Mike Gordon. On December 2,1983 the group played their first gig in the Harris-Millis Cafeteria at UVM. Although frequently referred to as an ROTC dance, this information is incorrect - it was in fact a Christmas semi-formal for Mikes dorm, the setlist consisted of cover songs, including Long Cool Woman and Proud Mary which was performed twice. The band was very primitive at this time and used hockey sticks as mic stands, after performing one set, Michael Jacksons Thriller album was put on by a party-goer to drown out the band. The band would not return to play but were paid for the performance. At UVM, he hosted a morning radio program, Ambient Alarm Clock. After seeing a Phish show, pianist Page McConnell joined Phish in the autumn of 1985, Anastasio, along with Jon Fishman, transferred to Goddard College. During this time he began an association and close friendship with composer Ernie Stires, who taught him composition, theory. While at Goddard, he composed the song cycle The Man Who Stepped into Yesterday as his senior project and these songs would become mainstays of the Phish catalog. He graduated from Goddard in 1988, Anastasio is a founding member of the rock band Phish, serving as lead guitarist and vocalist since their inception. Phish is noted for their musical improvisation, extended jams, exploration of a range of genresTrey Anastasio – Trey Anastasio at Red Rocks Amphitheater July 30, 2009
33. Yellow brick road – The Yellow Brick Road is a fictional element in the 1900 childrens novel The Wonderful Wizard of Oz by American author L. Frank Baum. The road also appears in the several sequel Oz books such as The Marvelous Land of Oz, the roads most notable portrayal is in the classic 1939 MGM musical movie The Wizard of Oz, loosely based on Baums first Oz book. In the novels first edition the road is referred to as the Road of Yellow Bricks. Within a short time she was walking briskly toward the Emerald City, her Silver Shoes tinkling merrily on the hard, the road is first introduced in the third chapter of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. The road begins in the heart of the eastern quadrant called Munchkin Country in the Land of Oz. It functions as a guideline that leads all who follow it, in the book, the novels main protagonist, Dorothy, is forced to search for the road before she can begin her quest to seek the Wizard. This is because the cyclone from Kansas did not release her farmhouse closely near it as it did in the film adaptations. After the council with the native Munchkins and their friend the Good Witch of the North, Dorothy begins looking for it and sees many pathways. Thankfully it doesnt take her too long to spot the one paved with yellow bricks. In the end of the book we learn the history, unlike in Walt Disneys prequel film Oz the Great and Powerful. In the classic 1939 film, a red brick road can be seen starting at the point as the yellow brick road and is entwined with it. This version of the road does not exist in Baums books, also, at the cornfield where Dorothy meets and befriends the Scarecrow, there is a fork in the yellow brick road leading in different directions. Luckily they choose the one of the three branches that leads to Emerald City. In Disneys 1985 live action semi-sequel to the 1939 movie Return to Oz, upon her second arrival she finds the yellow brick road in ruins by the hands of the evil Nome King who also conquered the Emerald City. In the end, it is presumed that after she defeats him and saves the city and its citizens, the actual road is believed to be one in Peekskill, New York, where L. Frank Baum attended Peekskill Military Academy. According to a legend, the Yellow Brick Road was derived from a road paved with yellow bricks near Holland, Michigan. Ithaca, New York, also makes a claim for being Frank Baums inspiration and he opened a road tour of his musical, The Maid of Arran, in Ithaca, and he met his future wife Maud Gage Baum while she was attending Cornell University. At the time, yellow bricks paved local roads, supposedly, after a rainstorm the sun came out and he saw a bright yellow brick road from the window of his roomYellow brick road – Dorothy and her companion befriend the Cowardly Lion, while traveling on the Yellow Brick Road--illustration by W. W. Denslow (1900).
34. Fishbone – Fishbone is an American rock band formed in 1979 in Los Angeles, California, which plays a fusion of ska, punk rock, funk, hard rock and soul. Critics have noted of the band, Fishbone was one of the most distinctive, founding members John Norwood Fisher, Angelo Moore, and Walter Kibby remain with the band as of 2016, most recently, Philip Fish Fisher and John Bigham rejoined the band. Fishbone got started in 1979 as a disparate, all-black oddball crew when the members were in high school. Their first club date was at Madame Wongs, the venue in Los Angeless Chinatown that had been a showcase for a variety of seminal punk bands in the 1980s. They were close friends with Los Angeles bands like the Red Hot Chili Peppers, Fishbone were signed to Columbia Records in 1983 after being spotted at a club gig by Brian ONeal of the The BusBoys. Their first release was the 1985 single Party at Ground Zero, followed by a self-titled EP, in 1987, in support of their first full-length album, In Your Face, the band performed Jamaica Ska in the Annette Funicello/Frankie Avalon reunion movie Back to the Beach. Fishbones first major tour was as the opening act for the Beastie Boys. Fishbone was mostly considered to be a ska and funk band in their early years, the 1988 album Truth and Soul brought Fishbone wide critical acclaim. The album was highlighted by a hard rock-inspired version of Curtis Mayfields classic Freddies Dead from the film Super Fly, the music video, directed by Douglas Gayeton, became the bands first hit on MTV. That same year, the group toured with the Red Hot Chili Peppers, also that year, Fishbone and Little Richard recorded the Lead Belly song Rock Island Line for the tribute album Folkways, A Vision Shared. The band added former Miles Davis sideman John Bigham on guitar, the 1991 album The Reality of My Surroundings was a critical and commercial success, reaching #49 on the Billboard albums chart. One month before the release, the group played a performance on Saturday Night Live of Sunless Saturday. The song Everyday Sunshine also became a modest hit on radio and MTV. While the band retained their roots in funk and ska, the 1993 album Give a Monkey a Brain and Hell Swear Hes the Center of the Universe included songs with rock, punk. At the time of the release, the band began to tear apart internally. Just before Fishbone joined the 1993 Lollapalooza tour, guitarist Kendall Jones, reportedly suffering from instability, quit the band. Bassist John Norwood Fisher tracked Jones down in the belief that he needed rescue from the group, only to be charged with attempted kidnapping. A benefit concert to help with Fishers legal expenses featured Porno for Pyros, Primus, Tool, keyboardist Christopher Dowd left Fishbone in 1994 and released an album titled Puzzle in 1997 under the name The Seedy Arkhestra, with various guests including Jeff Buckley and NDea DavenportFishbone – Fishbone performing live in 2007
35. Bush (British band) – Bush are a British rock band formed in London, England in 1992. Their current lineup includes lead vocalist and rhythm guitarist Gavin Rossdale, lead guitarist Chris Traynor, bassist Corey Britz, Bush found their immediate success with the release of their debut album Sixteen Stone in 1994, which is certified 6× multi-platinum by the RIAA. They went on to one of the most commercially successful rock bands of the 1990s. Despite their success in the United States, the band were well known in their home country. Bush have had top ten singles on the Billboard rock charts. The band broke up in 2002 but reformed in 2010, and have released three albums since then, The Sea of Memories, Man on the Run and Black, after leaving his band Midnight, Gavin Rossdale met former King Blank guitarist Nigel Pulsford in 1992. The two bonded over an appreciation of the American alternative rock group the Pixies, the two formed a new band which they called Future Primitive. Describing the early sound of the group, one British record label executive said years later, the pair then recruited bassist Dave Parsons and drummer Robin Goodridge to complete the line-up. The group soon chose the name Bush, naming themselves after Shepherds Bush, London, in 1993, the band was signed by Rob Kahane, who had a distribution deal with Disneys Hollywood Records. The band completed recording its debut album Sixteen Stone in early 1994, however, the death of Disney executive Frank G. Wells eliminated a supporter for Kahane, and executives at Hollywood deemed Bushs album unacceptable for release. As a result, the members of Bush took jobs performing menial labour, on the Billboard Music Charts, Sixteen Stone peaked at No.4 on the Heatseekers and Billboard 200 charts. The album spawned two Top 40 singles, after about six months of promotion for Sixteen Stone, the album began to sell well, once Comedown and Glycerine struck America. Additionally, Little Things and Machinehead both charted well in North America, in late 1996 Bush released the first single Swallowed from their second album titled Razorblade Suitcase. The song spent seven weeks on top of the Modern Rock Tracks chart and this was followed by single Greedy Fly. The album hit number 1 in America and placed high in many European countries, Razorblade Suitcase featured American recording engineer Steve Albini, a move which was viewed negatively by critics. Albini had worked with Nirvana on their studio album, In Utero. Bush later released the remix album Deconstructed, the album saw Bush re-arranging their songs into dance and techno stylings. The album went platinum less than a year after release, following the completion of touring, Rossdale went into seclusion in Ireland, where he worked on material for the groups next albumBush (British band) – Bush performing in Texas in 2011
36. Super Bowl XXXVII – The Buccaneers defeated the Raiders by the score of 48–21, tied with Super Bowl XXXV for the seventh largest Super Bowl margin of victory, and winning their first ever Super Bowl. The game, played on January 26,2003 at Qualcomm Stadium in San Diego and it was also the last Super Bowl played in the month of January. Super Bowl XXXVI was the first to be played in February, starting with Super Bowl XXXVIII in 2004, the Super Bowl has been permanently played in February. This was the last Super Bowl until Super Bowl 50 to take place in California and it was the first and only time until Super Bowl XLVIII in Super Bowl history that the leagues number one-ranked offense was pitted against the leagues number one-ranked defense. Super Bowl XXXVII is also referred to as the Pirate Bowl, the game is sometimes referred to as the Gruden Bowl, because the primary storyline surrounding the game revolved around Jon Gruden. Gruden was the Raiders head coach from 1998 to 2001, Tampa Bay, Grudens new team, made their first Super Bowl appearance in team history after posting a 12–4 regular season record. Oakland, Grudens old team, advanced to their fifth Super Bowl after an 11–5 regular season and this was also the first Super Bowl to feature two former division rivals, as the Buccaneers and Raiders both played in the AFC West in 1976. The Raiders came into the game as four-point favorites, however, the Tampa Bay defense dominated the contest. Oakland quarterback Rich Gannon threw a Super Bowl record five interceptions, the Buccaneers also sacked Gannon five times, and scored 34 consecutive points to build a 34–3 lead late in the third quarter. Tampa Bay safety Dexter Jackson, who had two of interceptions and returned them for 34 yards, was named Super Bowl MVP. Jackson became only the safety and third defensive back named Super Bowl MVP. Super Bowl XXXVII was originally awarded to San Francisco on October 15,1997 by the NFL owners at a meeting in Washington. The 49ers had recently announced plans for a new stadium, and were awarded the Super Bowl contingent on its completion, however, the stadium plans had stalled by the fall of 1998 and the NFL reopened the bidding for the game. San Diego, which had lost out on XXXVI, announced its interest, the city was awarded the game during the May 26,1999 meeting at Atlanta. Miami was the other city in consideration. It was the last Super Bowl played in California until Super Bowl 50 at Levis Stadium in Santa Clara and it was the also the final Super Bowl at Qualcomm Stadium before the Chargers relocated to Los Angeles in 2017. It was then succeeded by itself again in 2016 when Super Bowl 50 took place in San Francisco, after moving back to Oakland, California in 1995, the Raiders suffered sub-par seasons, including a 4–12 record in 1997. Under Grudens leadership, the Raiders improved to 8–8 in both 1998 and 1999, the team was further boosted in 1999 with the signing of veteran quarterback Rich GannonSuper Bowl XXXVII – Super Bowl XXXVII
37. Ruby slippers – The ruby slippers are the magic pair of shoes worn by Dorothy Gale as played by Judy Garland in the classic 1939 MGM musical movie The Wizard of Oz. Because of their stature, the ruby slippers are now considered among the most treasured. As is customary for important props, a number of pairs were made for the film, five pairs are known to have survived, one pair was stolen in August 2005 and has never been recovered. In L. Frank Baums original novel, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, on which the film is based, Dorothy wears Silver Shoes. However, the color of the shoes was changed to red in order to full advantage of the new Technicolor film process being used in big-budget Hollywood films of that era. Film screenwriter Noel Langley is credited with the idea, in the MGM film, an adolescent farm girl named Dorothy, her dog Toto, and their farmhouse are swept away from Kansas by a tornado and taken to the magical Land of Oz. The house falls on and kills the Wicked Witch of the East, Glinda the Good Witch of the North arrives via magic bubble and shows Dorothy the dead womans two feet visibly sticking out from under the house wearing the ruby slippers. When the Wicked Witch of the West comes to claim her dead sisters shoes, Glinda tells Dorothy to keep tight inside of them and never take them off, as the slippers must be very powerful or the Wicked Witch would not want them so badly. Throughout the rest of the film, the Wicked Witch schemes to obtain the shoes, when she captures Dorothy, she tries to take the slippers, but receives a painful shock. The Wicked Witch then realizes that the slippers will only come off if the wearer is dead, before she does, however, Dorothy accidentally splashes her with a bucket of water, causing her to melt away. At the end, it is revealed that Dorothy can return home by closing her eyes. The slippers were designed by Gilbert Adrian, MGMs chief costume designer, initially, two pairs were made in different styles. The so-called Arabian test pair was a wildly jeweled, Arabian motif, with curling toes and this pair was used in costume tests, but was rejected as unsuitable for Dorothys Kansas farmgirl image. The second design was approved, with one modification, the red bugle beads used to simulate rubies proved too heavy, so they were mostly replaced with sequins, about 2,300 for each shoe. It is believed that at least six or seven pairs of the design were made. According to producer Mervyn LeRoy, We must have had five or ten pairs of those shoes, the wardrobe woman who worked on the film claimed six identical pairs had been made. Four pairs used in the movie have been accounted for, Rhys Thomas speculates that they were likely made by Joe Napoli of the Western Costume Company, and not all at once, but as the need arose. Garland requested one pair a half-size larger, as her feet would become slightly swollen in the afternoon from the rigors of morning rehearsals and filmingRuby slippers – An original pair of ruby slippers used in The Wizard of Oz (1939), on display at the Smithsonian Institution
38. Grammy Award for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance – The Grammy Award for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance was a Grammy Award recognizing superior vocal performance by a female in the pop category, the first of which was presented in 1959. It was discontinued after the 2011 Grammy season, the award went to the artist. Singles or tracks only are eligible, from 2012, all solo performances in the pop category were shifted to the newly formed Best Pop Solo Performance category. Years reflect the year in which the Grammy Awards were presented, Most Wins in Category Most Nominations Other facts Mariah Carey is the only artist to receive the six consecutive nominations in this category and she won for Vision of Love among them. Beyoncé is the only artist in this category to have the songs in different versions nominated, with Halo studio version. The studio version of this song won in 2010, ella Fitzgeralds Mack The Knife and Sarah McLachlans I Will Remember You are the only live songs that won this category. Ella Fitzgerald is the most winner in consecutive years, with four, lady Gaga is the last recipient of the award after the category was renamed as Best Pop Solo PerformanceGrammy Award for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance – Ella Fitzgerald was the first recipient of the Award, in total she was a five-time award winner and fourth consecutive award winner.