1. Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis – Bouvier was the elder daughter of Wall Street stockbroker John Vernou Bouvier III and socialite Janet Lee Bouvier. In 1952, Bouvier met Congressman John F. Kennedy at a dinner party. Shortly after, he was elected to the United States Senate and the couple married the following year. They had four children, two of whom died in infancy. As First Lady, she aided her husband's administration with her presence in social events and with her highly-publicized restoration of the White House. On November 22, 1963, she was riding with him in a motorcade in Dallas, Texas, when he was assassinated. She and her children withdrew from public view after his funeral, she married Aristotle Onassis in 1968. Following her second husband's death in 1975, she had a career as a book editor for the final two decades of her life. She is remembered to the arts and preservation of historic architecture, well as for her style, grace. Her father had English ancestry. Named after her father, Bouvier was baptized at the Church of St. Ignatius Loyola in Manhattan; she was raised in the Catholic faith. Her younger sister Lee was born in 1933. Bouvier spent her early childhood years in Manhattan and at Lasata, the Bouviers' country estate in East Hampton on Long Island. She idolized her father, who likewise favored her over her sister, calling his eldest child "the most beautiful daughter a man ever had". From an early age, Bouvier was an enthusiastic equestrienne and successfully competed in the sport; horse-riding would remain a lifelong passion.Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis – Jacqueline Kennedy at the White House in 1961
2. Arnold Schwarzenegger – Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger is an Austrian-American actor, producer, businessman, investor, author, philanthropist, activist, former professional bodybuilder and politician. He served two terms as the 38th Governor of California from 2003 until 2011. Schwarzenegger began weight training at the age of 15. He won the Mr. Universe title at age 20 and went on to win the Mr. Olympia contest seven times. Schwarzenegger has remained a prominent presence in bodybuilding and has written many books and articles on the sport. He is widely considered to be among the greatest bodybuilders of all time as well as bodybuilding's biggest icon. Schwarzenegger gained worldwide fame as a Hollywood action film icon. His breakthrough film was the sword-and-sorcery epic Conan the Barbarian in 1982, a box-office hit and resulted in a sequel. In 1984, Schwarzenegger appeared in James Cameron's science-fiction thriller film The Terminator, a massive critical and box-office success. Schwarzenegger subsequently reprised the Terminator character in the franchise's later installments in 1991, 2003, 2015. He appeared in a number of successful films, such as Commando, The Running Man, Predator, Twins, Total Recall, Kindergarten Cop and True Lies. In 2015, it was announced Schwarzenegger would replace Donald Trump as the host of The Celebrity Apprentice. He was nicknamed the "Austrian Oak" in his bodybuilding days, "Arnie" during his acting career, "The Governator" during his political career. As a Republican, he was first elected on October 7, 2003, in a special recall election to replace then-Governor Gray Davis. Schwarzenegger was sworn in on November 17, to serve the remainder of Davis's term.Arnold Schwarzenegger – Schwarzenegger in 2015
3. Arc de Triomphe – The Arc de Triomphe should not be confused with a smaller arch, the Arc de Triomphe du Carrousel, which stands west of the Louvre. Beneath its vault lies the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier from World War I. It set the tone with patriotic messages. The smaller transverse vaults are 18.68 m high and 8.44 m wide. Three weeks after the Paris parade in 1919, Charles Godefroy flew his Nieuport biplane with the event captured on newsreel. The Arch of Triumph in Pyongyang, completed in 1982, is modelled on the Arc de Triomphe and is slightly taller at 60 m. The Arc is located on the right bank of the Seine at the centre of a dodecagonal configuration of twelve radiating avenues. It was commissioned by Emperor Napoleon at the peak of his fortunes. The architect, Jean Chalgrin, died in 1811 and the work was taken over by Jean-Nicolas Huyot. Prior to burial in the Panthéon, the body of Victor Hugo was displayed under the Arc during the night of 22 May 1885. The sword carried by the Republic in the Marseillaise relief broke off on the day, it is said, that the Battle of Verdun began in 1916. The relief was immediately hidden by tarpaulins to avoid any ominous interpretations. On 7 August 1919, Charles Godefroy successfully flew his biplane under the Arc. After the interment of the Unknown Soldier, however, all military parades have avoided marching through the actual arch. The route taken is up to the arch and then around its side, out of respect for the tomb and its symbolism.Arc de Triomphe – The Arc de Triomphe from the Champs-Élysées
4. Cuban Missile Crisis – Along with being televised worldwide, it was the closest the Cold War came to escalating into a full-scale nuclear war. These missile preparations were confirmed when an Air Force U-2 plane produced photographic evidence of medium-range and intermediate-range ballistic missile facilities. The United States established a military blockade to prevent further missiles from entering Cuba. After a long period of tense negotiations, an agreement was reached between President John F. Kennedy and Khrushchev. When Ilyushin light bombers had been withdrawn from Cuba, the blockade was formally ended on November 20, 1962. The negotiations between the Soviet Union pointed out the necessity of a quick, clear, direct line between Washington and Moscow. As a result, the Moscow–Washington hotline was established. A series of agreements sharply reduced U.S.–Soviet tensions during the following years. U.S. covert operations continued in 1961 with the unsuccessful Operation Mongoose. He also told his son Sergei that on Cuba, Kennedy "would then agree." "pathfinders" from the Special Activities Division were to be infiltrated into Cuba to carry out organization, including radio broadcasts. When Kennedy ran in 1960, one of his key election issues was an alleged "gap" with the Soviets leading. In fact, the U.S. led the Soviets by a wide margin that would only increase. In 1961, the Soviets had only four intercontinental ballistic missiles. By October 1962, they may have had a few dozen, with some intelligence estimates as high as 75.Cuban Missile Crisis – Soviet R-12 intermediate-range nuclear ballistic missile (NATO designation SS-4) in Moscow
5. Camelot – Camelot is a castle and court associated with the legendary King Arthur. The stories locate though more usually its precise location is not revealed. Nothing in Chrétien's poem suggests the level of Camelot would have in later romances. For Chrétien, Arthur's chief court was in Caerleon in Wales; this was the king's primary base of Monmouth's Historia Regum Britanniae and subsequent literature. Chrétien depicts Arthur, like holding court at a number of cities and castles. The name's derivation is uncertain. Renowned Arthurian scholar Ernst Brugger suggested that it was a corruption of the site of the Battle of Camlann, in Welsh tradition. Roger Sherman Loomis believed it was derived from a place name that he suggested was a corruption of Avalon. He further suggested that Cavalon/Camelot became Arthur's capital due to confusion at Carlion. The texts it influenced depict the city of Camelot as standing along a river, downstream from Astolat. Its magnificent cathedral, St. Stephen's, is the religious centre for Arthur's Knights of the Round Table. There, there are the tombs of many kings and knights. Jousts are held in a meadow outside the city. In other works, the castle is eventually destroyed by King Mark of Cornwall after the loss of Arthur at the Battle of Camlann. It should be noted, too, that there is a Kamaalot featured in the romance Perlesvaus.Camelot – Gustave Doré ’s illustration of Camelot from “ Enid ”, 1867.
6. Kennedy family – The Kennedy family is an American family, prominent in American politics, public service, business during the 20th century. Three of the four sons of Joseph, Sr. and Rose Kennedy served as Senator, later ran for the presidency. The first Kennedys to reside in the United States were Patrick Kennedy and Bridget Murphy, who sailed from Ireland to East Boston in 1849. Their son P. J. went into Massachusetts politics and business. Joseph Sr.'s wife was Rose Fitzgerald, whose father was Boston Mayor John F. Fitzgerald. Joseph Sr. and Rose had nine children: Joseph Jr. John, Rosemary, Kathleen, Eunice, Patricia, Robert, Jean, Ted. John served as the President of the United States, while Robert and Ted both became prominent senators. Many have attended Harvard University, the family has contributed greatly to that university's John F. Kennedy School of Government. Joseph Sr. originally hoped for his eldest son, Joseph Jr. to become a politician and ultimately to be elected President. After Joseph Jr. was killed in Joseph, Sr.'s hopes transferred to John. During his presidency, John appointed Robert as Attorney General. Meanwhile, Ted was elected to the Senate in 1962. The family received intense publicity as President often emphasizing allure, education, future in politics. The family has suffered many tragedies in the present day, which contributed to the idea of the "Kennedy curse".Kennedy family – Members of the Kennedy family at the birthday of Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr. in September 1963.
7. Economy of Finland – The largest sector of the economy is services at 72.7 percent, followed at 31.4 percent. Primary production is 2.9 percent. With respect to foreign trade, the economic sector is manufacturing. The largest industries are electronics, machinery, vehicles and other engineered metal products, chemicals. Finland has several mineral and freshwater resources. Forestry, the agricultural sector are politically sensitive to rural residents. The Greater Helsinki area generates around a third of GDP. In a 2004 OECD comparison, high-technology manufacturing in Finland ranked second largest after Ireland. Knowledge-intensive services have also ranked slow-growth sectors -- especially agriculture and low-technology manufacturing -- second largest after Ireland. Investment was below expected. GDP growth has been above many EU peers. Finland has the 4th largest knowledge economy behind Sweden, Denmark and the UK. International trade is a third of GDP. The European Union makes 60 percent of the total trade. The largest trade flows are with Germany, Russia, Sweden, the United Kingdom, the United States, China.Economy of Finland – Helsinki, Finland
8. First Lady of the United States – Although the first lady's role has never been officially defined, she figures prominently in the social life of the nation. During her lifetime she was often referred to as "Lady Washington". Since 1790s the role of first lady has changed considerably. Additionally, over the years first ladies have held influence from fashion to public opinion on policy. The current First Lady is Michelle Obama. The use of the title First Lady to describe the spouse or hostess of an executive began in the United States. In the early days of the republic, there was not a generally accepted title for the wife of the president. Sometime after 1849, the title began being used in Washington, D.C. social circles. The title first gained nationwide recognition in 1877, when newspaper journalist Mary C. Ames referred to Lucy Webb Hayes as "the First Lady of the Land" while reporting on the inauguration of Rutherford B. Hayes. The frequent reporting on Lucy Hayes' activities helped spread use of the title outside Washington. A popular 1911 comedic play about Dolley Madison by playwright Charles Nirdlinger, titled The First Lady in the Land, popularized the title further. By the 1930s it was in wide use. Use of the title later spread from the United States to other nations.First Lady of the United States – Incumbent Michelle Obama
9. Fashion – Fashion is a popular style or practice, especially in clothing, footwear, accessories, makeup, body, or furniture. Fashion is a distinctive and often constant trend in the style in which a person dresses. It is the prevailing styles in behaviour and the newest creations of textile designers. Although aspects of fashion can be feminine or masculine, some trends are androgynous. Early Western travelers, traveling whether to Persia, Turkey, India, or China, would frequently remark on the absence of change in fashion in the respective places. The Japanese Shogun's secretary bragged to a Spanish visitor in 1609 that Japanese clothing had not changed in over a thousand years. However, there is considerable evidence in Ming China of rapidly changing fashions in Chinese clothing. The beginning in Europe of continual and increasingly rapid change in clothing styles can be fairly reliably dated. This created the Western outline of a tailored top worn over trousers. These national styles remained very different until a counter-movement in the 17th to 18th centuries imposed similar styles once again, mostly originating from Ancien Régime France. In the 16th century, national differences were at their most pronounced. Ten 16th century portraits of German or Italian gentlemen may show ten entirely different hats. Albrecht Dürer illustrated the differences in his actual contrast of Nuremberg and Venetian fashions at the close of the 15th century. By 1800, all Western Europeans were dressing alike; local variation became first a sign of provincial culture and later a badge of the conservative peasant. The Haute house was the name established by government for the fashion houses that met the standards of industry.Fashion – In Following the Fashion (1794), James Gillray caricatured a figure flattered by the short- bodiced gowns then in fashion, contrasting it with an imitator whose figure is not flattered.
10. Goddess – A goddess is a female deity in polytheistic religions. Goddesses most often have feminine characteristics that are apotheosize in their pure form. In some faiths, a female figure holds a central place in religious worship. For example, Shaktism, the worship of the female force that animates the world, is one of the three major sects of Hinduism. Polytheist religions, including Polytheistic reconstructionists, usually view them as separate beings. These deities may be part of a pantheon, or different regions may have tutelary deities. The reconstructionists, like their ancient forbears, honour the deities particular to their country of origin. The goddess is a secondary formation, combining the Germanic god with the Latinate - suffix. It first appeared in Middle English, from about 1350. For example, Campbell states that, "There have been systems of religion where the mother is the prime parent, the source... We talk of Mother Earth. And in Egypt you have the Goddess Nut, represented as the heavenly sphere". Joseph Campbell: Well, associated primarily with agriculture and the agricultural societies. It has to do with the earth. The human woman gives birth just as the earth gives birth to the plants... so woman magic are the same.Goddess – Aphrodite is the Ancient Greek goddess of beauty and love.
11. Ich bin ein Berliner – "Ich bin ein Berliner" is a quotation from a June 26, 1963, speech by U.S. President John F. Kennedy in West Berlin. The speech is considered one of a high point of the New Frontier. It was a great boost for West Berliners, who lived in an enclave deep inside East Germany and feared a possible East German occupation. Today, in the world of freedom, the boast is "Ich bin ein Berliner!" ... Berlin, was deep within the area controlled after World War II by the Soviet Union. Afterward, the sectors controlled by the NATO Allies became an effective exclave of West Germany, completely surrounded by East Germany. From 1952, the border between East and West was closed everywhere but in Berlin. Hundreds of thousands of East Germans defected to the West via a labour drain that threatened East Germany with economic collapse. In 1961, the East German government under Walter Ulbricht erected a barbed-wire barrier around West Berlin, officially called the Schutzwall. The East German authorities argued that it was meant to prevent agents of West Germany from crossing into the East. However, its real purpose was to keep East German citizens from escaping to the West. The West, including the U.S. was accused of failing to respond forcefully to the erection of the Wall. Officially, Berlin was by the four allied powers, each with primary responsibility for a certain zone. Kennedy's speech marked the first instance where the U.S. acknowledged that East Berlin was part of the Soviet bloc along with the rest of East Germany. I believe, in 1962 the proudest boast is to say, "I am a citizen of the United States."Ich bin ein Berliner – Kennedy delivering his speech in Berlin
12. I. M. Pei – Ieoh Ming Pei, FAIA, RIBA, commonly known as I. M. Pei, is a Chinese-American architect. In 1948, he was recruited by New York real magnate William Zeckendorf. He retired in 1990. Since then, Pei has taken on work primarily from his sons' architectural firm Pei Partnership Architects. Pei went on to design the East Building of the National Gallery of Art. In the early 1980s, he was the focus of controversy when he designed a glass-and-steel pyramid in Paris. In 1983, Pei won the Pritzker Prize, sometimes called the Nobel Prize of architecture. Pei's ancestry traces back to the Ming Dynasty, when his family moved to Suzhou. Finding wealth in the sale of medicinal herbs, the family stressed the importance of helping the less fortunate. The family moved to Hong Kong one year later. The family eventually included five children. As a boy, he was very close to a devout Buddhist, recognized for her skills as a flautist. She invited him, his sisters to join her on meditation retreats. His relationship with his father was less intimate. Their interactions were respectful but distant.I. M. Pei – in Luxembourg, 2006
13. Jack Ruby – Jack Leon Ruby was an American nightclub owner and murderer from Chicago, Illinois, who lived in Dallas, Texas. Ruby later received the penalty. Later, Ruby was granted a new trial. On June 6, 1922, at the age of 11, he was arrested for truancy. Ruby eventually skipped school enough times that he spent time at the Institute of Juvenile Research. Since his early childhood, Ruby was nicknamed "Sparky" by those who knew him. Eva Grant, said that he acquired the nickname because he resembled "Sparky" in a contemporary comic strip. She stated that he was quick to fight anyone who called that. Other accounts gave credence to the idea that the name was more directly connected to his quick temper. In the 1940s, Ruby frequented race tracks in Illinois and California. He had an honorable record and was promoted to Private First Class. On February 1946, Ruby returned to Chicago. In 1947, Ruby moved to Dallas where his brothers afterward shortened their surnames from Rubenstein to Ruby. The stated reason for this was that the name "Rubenstein" was too long and that he was "well known" as Jack Ruby. Ruby later went on to manage dance halls.Jack Ruby – Ruby around 1960
14. Kennedy Space Center – The John F. Kennedy Space Center is one of ten National Aeronautics and Space Administration field centers. Since December 1968, Kennedy Space Center has been NASA's primary center of human spaceflight. Launch operations for the Apollo, Skylab and Space Shuttle programs were managed by KSC. Located on the east coast of Florida, KSC is adjacent to Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. The management of the two entities work even own facilities on each other's property. Additionally, the center manages launch of robotic and commercial crew missions, researches food production and In-Situ Resource Utilization for off Earth exploration, more. Since 2010, the center has worked to become a multi-user spaceport through industry partnerships, even adding a new pad in 2015. There are about 700 facilities grouped across the center's 144,000 acres. There is also a Visitor Complex open to the public on site. The military had been performing launch operations since 1949 at what would become Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. President John F. Kennedy's 1961 goal of a manned landing before 1970 required an expansion of launch operations. On July 1962, the Launch Operations Directorate was separated from MSFC to become the Launch Operations Center. Therefore, the decision was made to build a new LOC site located adjacent to Cape Canaveral on Merritt Island. NASA began acquisition in 1962, buying title to 131 square miles and negotiating with the state of Florida for an additional 87 square miles. The major buildings in KSC's Industrial Area were designed by architect Charles Luckman.Kennedy Space Center – Aerial view of KSC Headquarters looking south
15. Laura Bush – She took a job as a second grade teacher. After attaining her master's degree in library science at Austin, Bush was employed as a librarian. They were married later that year. The couple had twin daughters in 1981. Bush's political involvement began during her marriage. Bush campaigned during his unsuccessful 1978 run for the United States Congress, later for his successful Texas gubernatorial campaign. As First Lady of Texas, she implemented many initiatives focused on health, literacy. She became First Lady after her husband defeated Democrat Al Gore in the 2000 U.S. Presidential Election. Polled as one of the most popular First Ladies, she was involved in national and global concerns during her tenure. Bush also advanced women's causes for the Cure organizations. Bush represented the United States during her foreign trips, which tended to focus on HIV/AIDS and awareness. Laura Lane Welch was born in Midland, Texas, the only child of Harold Welch and Jenna Louise Hawkins Welch. She is of English, Swiss ancestry. Her father was a builder and later successful real estate developer, while her mother worked as the bookkeeper for her father's business.Laura Bush – Laura Bush
16. Lee Harvey Oswald – Lee Harvey Oswald was an American former U.S. Marine who assassinated President John F. Kennedy on November 22, 1963. Shortly after being discharged from the Marine Corps, Oswald defected to the Soviet Union in October 1959. Oswald was later charged with the murder of Kennedy; he denied shooting anybody, saying that he was a patsy. In September 1964, the Warren Commission concluded that Oswald acted alone in assassinating Kennedy by firing three shots from the Texas School Book Depository. This conclusion was supported by previous investigations carried out by the Dallas Police Department. The assassination has spawned numerous conspiracy theories. He was born on October 1939. Lee's elder brother Robert, Jr. was also a former Marine. Through Marguerite's first marriage to Edward John Pic, Jr. Lee and Robert Jr. were the half-brothers of Air Force veteran John Edward Pic. In 1944, Marguerite moved the family from New Orleans to Dallas, Texas. As a child, Oswald was described by several people who knew him as withdrawn and temperamental. In August 1952, when Oswald was 12, his mother took him to New York City where they lived with John. He was truant, which led to a psychiatric assessment at a juvenile reformatory. Dr. Hartogs detected a "disturbance with schizoid features and passive-aggressive tendencies" and recommended continued treatment. In January 1954, Oswald's mother returned to New Orleans, taking Oswald with her.Lee Harvey Oswald – Photo taken in Minsk, Commission Exhibit 2892
17. Nancy Reagan – Nancy Davis Reagan was an American actress, the wife of the 40th President of the United States, Ronald Reagan. She served from 1981 to 1989. She was born in New York City. After her parents separated, she lived with an aunt and uncle for some years. She moved to Chicago when her mother later took the name Davis from her stepfather. In 1952, she married Ronald Reagan, then president of the Screen Actors Guild. They had two children together. She began to work with the Foster Grandparents Program. Reagan became First Lady of the United States following her husband's victory in the 1980 presidential election. She championed recreational drug prevention causes by founding the "Just Say No" drug awareness campaign, considered her major initiative as First Lady. She played a role in a few of his personnel and diplomatic decisions. The Reagans retired in Bel Air, Los Angeles, California in 1989. Reagan remained active in politics, particularly in support of embryonic stem cell research, until her death in March 2016. Anne Frances Robbins was born on July 6, 1921, at the time located in Midtown Manhattan in New York City. Her godmother was silent-film-star Alla Nazimova.Nancy Reagan – First Lady Nancy Reagan in 1983
18. Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty – A ban was also seen as a means of slowing nuclear proliferation and the nuclear arms race. The treaty formally went into effect on 10 October 1963. Since then, 123 other states have become party to the treaty. Ten states have signed but not ratified the treaty. In 1952 -- 53, the US and Soviet Union detonated their first thermonuclear weapons, far more powerful than the atomic bombs deployed since 1945. In 1954, the US Castle Bravo test at Bikini Atoll had a yield of 15 megatons of TNT, more than doubling the expected yield. In the same year, a Soviet test sent radioactive particles over Japan. Around the same time, victims of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima visited the US for medical care, which attracted public attention. In 1945, Britain and Canada made an early call on controlling atomic power. At the time, the US had yet to formulate a cohesive strategy on nuclear weapons. As a first step in this direction, Bush proposed an international agency dedicated to nuclear control. A version of the Acheson-Lilienthal plan was presented in June 1946. Material and equipment involved in the production of atomic energy. The Acheson–Lilienthal paper and Baruch Plan would serve as the basis for US policy into the 1950s. Between 1954, the US and Soviet Union discussed their demands within the United Nations Commission for Conventional Disarmament.Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty
19. 1929 – In the Americas, an agreement was brokered to end a Catholic counter-revolution in Mexico. A British high court, ruled that Canadian women are persons in the Edwards v. Canada case. The 1st Academy Awards for film were held in Los Angeles, while the Museum of Modern Art opened in New York City. The Peruvian Air Force was created. In the Soviet Union, General Secretary Joseph Stalin adopted a policy of collectivization. The Grand Trunk Express began service in India. Rioting to the Western Wall took place in the Middle East. The centenary of Western Australia was celebrated. The Kellogg–Briand Pact, a treaty renouncing war as an instrument of national policy, went into effect. In Europe, the Kingdom of Italy signed the Lateran Treaty. The Idionymon law was passed in Greece to outlaw political dissent. Spain hosted the Ibero-American Exposition which featured pavilions from American countries. The German airship LZ 127 Graf Zeppelin flew in 21 days. On August 16 of this year the 1929 Palestine riots broke out over control of the Western Wall. In total, 116 Palestinians were killed.1929 – February 26: Grand Teton National Park.
20. Metropolitan Museum of Art – Its permanent collection contains over two million works, divided among seventeen curatorial departments. The main building, on the eastern edge of Central Park along Manhattan's Museum Mile, is by area one of the world's largest art galleries. A much smaller second location, The Cloisters at Fort Tryon Park in Upper Manhattan, contains an extensive collection of art, architecture, artifacts from Medieval Europe. The Met maintains extensive holdings of African, Asian, Oceanian, Byzantine, Indian, Islamic art. The museum is home to encyclopedic collections of musical accessories, well as armor from around the world. Several notable interiors, ranging from first-century Rome through modern American design, are installed in its galleries. The Metropolitan Museum of Art was founded in 1870. It opened on February 20, 1872, was originally located at 681 Fifth Avenue. The Met maintains extensive holdings of African, Asian, Oceanian, Byzantine, Islamic art. The museum is also home to encyclopedic collections of musical instruments, costumes and accessories, antique weapons and armor from around the world. A number of notable interiors, ranging from 1st century Rome through modern American design, are permanently installed in the Met's galleries. In addition to its permanent exhibitions, the Met organizes and hosts large traveling shows throughout the year. The director of the museum is Thomas P. Campbell, a long-time curator, who replaced Philippe de Montebello following his retirement at the end of 2008. Beginning in the late 19th century, the Met started to acquire ancient art and artifacts from the Near East. From a few cuneiform tablets and seals, the Met's collection of Near Eastern art has grown to more than 7,000 pieces.Metropolitan Museum of Art – The Metropolitan Museum of Art
21. CBS – CBS is an American commercial broadcast television network, a flagship property of CBS Corporation. The company is headquartered in New York City with major production facilities and operations in New York City and Los Angeles. CBS is sometimes referred to as the "Eye Network", in use since 1951. It has also been called alluding to the perceived high quality of CBS programming during the tenure of William S. Paley. In 1974, CBS became known simply as CBS, Inc.. In 2000, CBS came under the control of Viacom, formed in 1971. CBS Corporation is controlled through National Amusements, which also controls the current Viacom. The network has more than 240 owned-and-operated and affiliated television stations throughout the United States. By the end of 1927, Columbia Phonograph wanted out. In early 1928 Judson sold the network to brothers Isaac and Leon Levy, their partner Jerome Louchenheim. With the record company out of the picture, Paley quickly streamlined the corporate name to "Columbia Broadcasting System". By September 1928, Paley became its majority owner with 51 % of the business. During Louchenheim's brief regime, Columbia paid $410,000 for a small Brooklyn station, WABC, which would become the network's flagship station. The signal relocated to 860 kHz. The physical plant was relocated also – to Steinway Hall on West 57th Street in Manhattan, where much of CBS's programming would originate.CBS – Paley's management saw a twentyfold increase in gross income in his first decade.
22. Natalie Portman – Natalie Portman is an actress, producer and director with dual American and Israeli citizenship. Her first role was in the 1994 action thriller Léon: The Professional, opposite Jean Reno. Portman was later cast as Padmé Amidala in the Star Wars trilogy. Born to an Israeli father and American mother, she grew up in the eastern United States from the age of three. In 1999, Portman enrolled at Harvard University alongside her work as an actress; she completed a bachelor's degree in 2003. Portman also appeared in Thor and its 2013 sequel. In 2010, she starred in the psychological film Black Swan. In May 2008, she served as the youngest member of the 61st Annual Cannes Film Festival jury. She directed a segment of the collective film New York, I Love You. Her first film as a director, A Tale of Love and Darkness, was released in 2015. She was born on June 1981 in Jerusalem. Her original given name was a Hebrew name. She is the only child of an American homemaker who works as Portman's agent, Avner Hershlag, an Israeli fertility specialist and gynecologist. Bernice and Arthur Stevens, were from Jewish families who moved to the United States from Austria and Russia. Mania and Zvi Yehuda Hershlag, were Jewish immigrants to Israel.Natalie Portman – Portman at the 2015 Cannes Film Festival.
23. J. Robert Oppenheimer – Julius Robert Oppenheimer was an American theoretical physicist and professor of physics at the University of California, Berkeley. After the war, he became chairman of the influential General Advisory Committee of the newly created United States Atomic Energy Commission. Oppenheimer used that position to lobby for international control of nuclear power to avert a nuclear arms race with the Soviet Union. Nine years later, President John F. Kennedy awarded him as a gesture of political rehabilitation. After World War II, Oppenheimer became director of the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton. Julius came with no money, no baccalaureate studies, no knowledge of the English language. Oppenheimer within a decade was an executive with the company. Ella was from Baltimore. The Oppenheimers were non-observant Ashkenazi Jews. Their collection included works by Pablo Picasso and Édouard Vuillard, at least three original paintings by Vincent van Gogh. Robert had Frank, who also became a physicist. He in 1911 entered the Ethical Culture Society School. This had been founded by Felix Adler to promote a form of ethical training based on the Ethical Culture movement, whose motto was "Deed before Creed". His father had been a member of the Society for many years, serving from 1907 to 1915. He was a versatile scholar, interested in English and French literature, particularly in mineralogy.J. Robert Oppenheimer – J. Robert Oppenheimer, c. 1944
24. JFK (film) – JFK is a 1991 American historical legal-conspiracy thriller film directed by Oliver Stone. Stone described this account to the Warren Commission's "fictional myth." The film became embroiled in controversy. After a slow start at the office, the film gradually picked up momentum, earning over $205 million in worldwide gross. JFK won two for Best Cinematography and Best Film Editing. The film opens with newsreel footage, including the farewell address in 1961 of outgoing President Dwight D. Eisenhower, warning about the build-up of the "military-industrial complex". This is followed as president emphasizing the events that, in Stone's thesis, would lead to his assassination. This builds to a reconstruction of the assassination on November 1963. New Orleans District Attorney Jim Garrison subsequently learns to the assassination in New Orleans. Garrison closes the investigation. The investigation is reopened in 1966 after Garrison reads notices what he believes to be multiple inaccuracies. Others involved with Oswald, Ruby, Ferrie. One such witness is a male prostitute serving five years in prison for soliciting, who reveals he witnessed Ferrie discussing a coup d'état. As well as briefly meeting Oswald, O'Keefe was romantically involved with a man called "Clay Bertrand". Garrison's staff also test the single theory by aiming an empty rifle from the window through which Oswald was alleged to have shot Kennedy.JFK (film) – Theatrical release poster
25. United States presidential election, 1960 – The United States presidential election of 1960 was the 44th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 8, 1960. The Republican Party nominated incumbent Vice President Richard Nixon, while the Democratic Party nominated John F. Kennedy, U.S. Senator from Massachusetts. This was the presidential election in which voters in Alaska and Hawaii were able to participate, as both had become states in 1959. The 1960 presidential election was the closest election since 1916, which can be explained by a number of factors. Furthermore, the new votes that the first Roman Catholic president, gained among Catholics almost neutralized the new votes Nixon gained among Protestants. Kennedy's campaigning skills decisively outmatched Nixon's. Kennedy relied on running mate Lyndon B. Johnson to hold the used television effectively. Following the election, Nixon unsuccessfully ran for governor of California before making a successful campaign for the presidency in 1968, winning re-election in 1972. He was later the first United States President to resign because of the Watergate Scandal. This election also features the last time the state of Ohio was on the losing end of the presidential election. From 1964 onward, the candidate who won Ohio won the election nationwide. Other candidates sought support in their home state or region as "favorite son" candidates without any realistic chance of winning the nomination. Symington, Stevenson, Johnson all declined in the presidential primaries. The next step was the primaries.United States presidential election, 1960 – All 537 electoral votes of the Electoral College 269 electoral votes needed to win
26. John Perry Barlow – Barlow is also a founding member of the Electronic Frontier Foundation and Freedom of the Press Foundation. As of 2016, Barlow is a Fellow Emeritus at Harvard University's Berkman Center for Internet and Society, where he has maintained an affiliation since 1998. Barlow has been identified as one of the "School of Rock: 10 Supersmart Musicians". John Perry Barlow was born in Sublette County, Wyoming to parents Norman Barlow, a Republican state legislator, his wife, Miriam. At age 15, Barlow became a student in Colorado. He met Bob Weir there, who would later join the Grateful Dead. Weir and Barlow maintained contact throughout the years. As a frequent visitor to Timothy Leary's facility in Millbrook, New York, he introduced the musical group in 1967. In 1969, he spent two years traveling around India. John Byrne Cooke is currently producing "a film featuring this era. The seeds of the Barlow -- Weir collaboration were sown at a Grateful Dead show in February 1971. Until then, Weir had mostly worked with Dead lyricist Robert Hunter. Hunter preferred that those who sang his songs stick rather than improvising additions or rearranging words. He also collaborated with Vince Welnick. In 1986 he joined The online community, then known for a strong Deadhead presence.John Perry Barlow – Barlow at his California home in December 2010
27. Eunice Kennedy Shriver – Born Eunice Mary Kennedy in Brookline, Massachusetts, she was the fifth of nine children of Rose Fitzgerald. She was educated at the Convent of London and at Manhattanville College in Upper Manhattan. She eventually moved for a project dealing with juvenile delinquency. In 1969, Shriver moved to France and pursued her interest in intellectual disability there. Shriver actively campaigned for her elder brother, John, during his successful 1960 U.S. presidential election. Although Shriver was a Democrat, she was a vocal supporter of the pro-life movement. During Bill Clinton's 1992 Democratic U.S. presidential campaign, she was one of several prominent Democrats – including Governor Robert P. Shriver was a supporter of several pro-life organizations: Feminists for Life of America, the Susan B. Anthony List, Democrats for Life of America. She supported Arnold Schwarzenegger's successful 2003 Governor of California election. On January 28, 2008, Shriver was present at American University in Washington, D.C. when her brother, U.S. Senator Edward M. Kennedy, announced his endorsement of Barack Obama's 2008 Democratic U.S. presidential campaign. She has also helped to establish numerous other university programs, government initiatives, health-care facilities, support and support service networks throughout the country. In 1982, Shriver founded the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Center for Community of Caring at University of Utah, Salt Lake City. The Community is a "grades K-12, whole school, comprehensive program with a focus on disabilities... adopted by almost 1,200 schools nationwide and in Canada."Eunice Kennedy Shriver – Dame Eunice Kennedy Shriver DSG
28. Leonard Bernstein – Leonard Bernstein was an American composer, conductor, author, music lecturer, pianist. Bernstein was among the first conductors educated in the US to receive worldwide acclaim. According to critic Donal Henahan, Bernstein was "one of the most prodigiously talented and successful musicians in American history." He was the first conductor to give a series of television lectures on classical music, continuing until his death. Bernstein was a skilled pianist, often conducting piano concertos from the keyboard. Many of his works are regularly performed around the world, although none has matched the tremendous critical success of West Side Story. Bernstein was born Louis Bernstein in Lawrence, Massachusetts, a hairdressing supplies wholesaler originating from Rovno. The two men were friends, even shared a certain physical similarity. Within the world of professional music, they were distinguished from each other by the use of the nicknames Bernstein West and Bernstein East. His family spent their summers in Sharon, Massachusetts. His parents always called him Leonard, which they preferred. Bernstein officially changed his name to Leonard when he was fifteen, shortly after his grandmother's death. To many others Bernstein was simply known as "Lenny." Sam initially opposed young Leonard's interest in music. Despite this, the elder Bernstein eventually supported his music education.Leonard Bernstein – Leonard Bernstein
29. John B. Anderson – John Bayard Anderson is a former United States Congressman and Presidential candidate from Illinois. He was a U.S. Representative from the 16th Congressional District of Illinois for ten terms, from 1961 through 1981. He ran as an independent candidate in the 1980 presidential election. Anderson has been a political leader, including serving 12 years as chair of the board of FairVote. He was born in Rockford, Illinois, where he grew up, E. Albin Anderson. His father was a Swedish immigrant, as were his maternal grandparents. In his youth, Anderson worked in his family's store. Anderson graduated at Rockford Central High School. His education was interrupted by World War II. After the war, he returned eventually earning a Juris Doctor from the University of Illinois College of Law in 1946. Anderson practiced law in Rockford. Soon after, he moved east obtaining a Master of Laws in 1949. While at Harvard, Anderson served in Boston. In another brief return to Rockford, he practiced at the firm Large, Reno & Zahm.John B. Anderson – 1980 photo
30. The Flintstones – The Flintstones is the first animated primetime American television series. It was broadcast from September 30, 1960, to April 1, 1966 on ABC. The show, produced by Hanna-Barbera, fancifully depicts the lives of a working-class Stone Age man, his next-door neighbor/best friend, their families. The show's continuing popularity rested heavily on its juxtaposition of modern everyday concerns in the Stone Age setting. The Flintstones was the most financially successful network animated franchise for three decades, until The Simpsons debuted decades later. In 2013, TV Guide ranked The Flintstones the second Greatest TV Cartoon of All Time. The show is set in the Stone Age town of Bedrock. In this version of the past, long-extinct animals co-exist with cavemen, woolly mammoths. For example, the cars are made out of stone, wood, animal skins, powered by the passengers' feet. Animation historian Christopher P. Lehman considers that the series draws its humor in part from creative uses of anachronisms. The main one is the placing of a "modern", 20th-century society in prehistory. This society takes inspiration from the suburban sprawl developed in the first two decades of the postwar period. This society has modern home appliances, but they work by employing animals. They have automobiles, but they hardly resemble the cars of the 20th century. These cars are large wooden structures and burn no fuel.The Flintstones – Title card featuring Fred Flintstone
31. Cape Canaveral – Cape Canaveral, from the Spanish Cabo Cañaveral, is a cape in Brevard County, Florida, United States, near the center of the state's Atlantic coast. Known as Cape Kennedy to 1973, it lies east of Merritt Island, separated from it by the Banana River. It was discovered in 1513. It is part of a region is the site of the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. In homage to its spacefaring heritage, the Florida Public Service Commission allocated code 321 to the Cape Canaveral area. Other features of the cape include one of the busiest cruise ports in the world. The city of Cape Canaveral lies south of the Port Canaveral District. Mosquito Lagoon, the Indian River, Canaveral National Seashore are also features of this area. Humans have occupied the area for at least 12,000 years. From 5000 BC to 2000 BC, the Mount Taylor period culture region covered northeast Florida, including the area around Cape Canaveral. The Orange culture was followed by the St. Johns culture, until after European contact. In the 16th century Cape Canaveral was noted on maps, although without being named. It was named by Spanish explorers in the first half of the 16th century as Cabo Cañareal. The name "Canaveral" is the third oldest surviving European name in the US. The first application of the name, according to the Smithsonian Institution, was from the 1521–1525 explorations of Spanish explorer Francisco Gordillo.Cape Canaveral – Cape Canaveral from space. August 7, 1991
32. Quantum Leap – Quantum Leap is an American science fiction television series that originally aired on NBC for five seasons, from March 1989 through May 1993. Dean Stockwell co-stars as Admiral Al Calavicci, Sam's womanizing, best friend, who appears to him as a hologram. The series was named one of TV Guide's "Top Cult Shows Ever." He finds that Al has come to his aid as a hologram as it is tuned to his brainwaves. Al provides information on history as it originally happened. He also relates possible outcome probabilities using a handheld communication device in contact with Ziggy. The device must be struck a few times as it emits electronic beeping and whirring sounds before the information is revealed. An episode typically ends as a cliffhanger showing the few moments of Sam's next leap, repeated in the following episode's cold open. When Sam leaps, his body is physically present in the past, although he appears to others as the person he leaped into. Sam's mind may become jumbled with those he has leaped into. Selected episodes have shown more dramatic effects of his time travels. Two notable episodes place Sam directly at the center of one being the leap into Oswald. In the final episode, "Mirror Image", Sam leaps as himself arriving at the exact time of his birth, where he meets a mysterious barkeep. Dr. Samuel "Sam" Beckett is a scientist with six doctoral degrees. He grew up with an older brother and a younger sister.Quantum Leap – Quantum Leap
33. Martha's Vineyard – Martha's Vineyard is an island located south of Cape Cod in Massachusetts, known for being an affluent summer colony. It includes the smaller Chappaquiddick Island, usually connected to the larger island, though hurricanes have been known to separate the two islands. The such separation of the islands was in 2007, as of April 2, 2015, the two islands are again connected. Often called just "The Vineyard", the island has a land area of 100 square miles. The island constitutes the bulk of Massachusetts. The county also includes the Elizabeth Islands well as the island of Nomans Land. The 2010 census reported a year-round population of 16,535 residents, although the population can swell to more than 100,000 people. About 56% of the Vineyard's 14,621 homes are seasonally occupied. It is accessible only by boat and air. However, its year-round population has grown considerably since the 1960s. Each decade from Martha's Vineyard's year-round population grew about a third, for a total of 145 % or about 3 to 4 % per year. The population of Martha's Vineyard was estimated at 15,582 in 2004.. . The Island's population increased from 14,987 to 16,535. Originally inhabited by the Wampanoag, Martha's Vineyard was known in "land amid the streams".Martha's Vineyard – Edgartown Harbor Light
34. Maria Callas – Maria Callas, Commendatore OMRI, was a Greek-American soprano, one of the most renowned and influential opera singers of the 20th century. Many critics praised her bel canto technique, dramatic interpretations. Her dramatic talents led to her being hailed as La Divina. Raised by an overbearing mother, she received her musical education in Greece and established her career in Italy. The press exulted in publicizing Callas's temperamental behavior, her love affair with Greek shipping tycoon Aristotle Onassis. Callas's father had shortened the surname Kalogeropoulos first to "Kalos" and subsequently to "Callas" in order to make it more manageable. If you marry this man, I will never be able to help you". Evangelia soon realized that her father was right. Vassilis's death from meningitis in the summer of 1922 dealt another blow to the marriage. The family left for New York in July 1923, moving first into an apartment in Astoria, Queens. Maria was christened in 1926. When Maria was 4, George Callas opened his own pharmacy, settling the family in Manhattan in Washington Heights where Callas grew up. I hated it." George was unhappy with his wife favoring their elder daughter, well as the pressure put upon young Mary to sing and perform. In 1937 Evangelia decided to return to Athens with her two daughters.Maria Callas – Maria Callas as Violetta in La traviata, 1958
35. Jessica Lange – Jessica Phyllis Lange is an American actress who has received worldwide acclaim for her work in film, theater, television. In 2016, Lange became the twenty-second thespian in history to achieve the Triple Crown of Acting. Lange was discovered by producer Dino De Laurentiis while modeling part-time for the Wilhelmina modelling agency. In 2010, she won her first Primetime Emmy Award for her portrayal of Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis' famed aunt, Big Edie, in HBO's Grey Gardens. In addition to acting, Lange is a photographer with three published works. She was born on April 1949. Dorothy Florence, was a housewife. Lange has a younger brother, George. Her paternal ancestry originates in Germany and the Netherlands, while her maternal ancestry originates in Finland. Due to the nature of her father's professions, her early home life was chaotic. The couple then moved to Paris, where they drifted apart. While in Paris, Lange studied mime theatre under the supervision of Étienne Decroux, joined the Opéra-Comique as a dancer. In 1973, Lange began work in Greenwich Village. Lange made her professional film debut in 1976's King Kong, beating out actresses Meryl Streep and Goldie Hawn for the role of damsel in distress. However, renowned critic Pauline Kael praised her, noting, "The movie is sparked by Jessica Lange's dreamy comic style.Jessica Lange – Lange at the 66th Primetime Emmy Awards
36. Warren Commission – Its final report made three days later. It concluded that President Kennedy was assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald and that Oswald acted entirely alone. It also concluded that Jack Ruby also acted alone when he killed Oswald two days later. The Commission's findings have proven controversial and have been both challenged and supported by later studies. The Commission took its unofficial name—the Warren Commission—from its chairman, Chief Justice Earl Warren. One of their chief reservations was that a commission would ultimately create more controversy than consensus, those fears proved valid. Nicholas Katzenbach has been credited with providing advice after the assassination of John F. Kennedy that led to the creation of the Warren Commission. On November 25, 1963, he sent a memo to Johnson's White House aide Bill Moyers recommending the formation of a Presidential Commission to investigate the assassination. To combat speculation of a conspiracy, Katzenbach said that the results of the FBI's investigation should be made public. He wrote, in part: "The public must be satisfied that Oswald was the assassin; that he did not have confederates who are still at large". Four days after Katzenbach's memo, Johnson appointed some of the nation's most prominent figures, including the Chief Justice of the United States, to the Commission. The Warren Commission met formally for the first time on December 5, 1963 on the second floor of the National Archives Building in Washington, D.C. The Commission conducted its business primarily in closed sessions, but these were not secret sessions. No witness except one...requested an open hearing... Second, although the hearings were conducted in private, they were not secret.Warren Commission – Final report cover
37. Lucy Hayes – Lucy Ware Webb Hayes was a First Lady of the United States and the wife of President Rutherford B. Hayes. Lucy Hayes was the First Lady to have a college degree. She was also a more egalitarian hostess than previous First Ladies. An advocate for African-Americans both after the Civil War, Lucy invited the first African-American professional musician to appear at the White House. Lucy Webb Hayes was born in Chillicothe, Ohio. Her parents were Maria Cook. She had two older brothers who both became medical doctors. In 1833, Lucy's father went in Lexington, KY to free 15-20 slaves he had inherited from his aunt. There was a epidemic happening at the time and James cared for the sick. Soon James died. Friends of Lucy's mother advised the family to sell the slaves rather than free them. Maria responded that she would take in washing to earn money before she would sell a slave. He encouraged young Lucy to sign a pledge to abstain from alcohol. In 1844, the Webb family moved to Delaware, OH.Lucy Hayes – Lucy Hayes
38. Larry Flynt – Larry Claxton Flynt, Jr. is an American publisher and the president of Larry Flynt Publications. LFP mainly produces most notably Hustler. He has unsuccessfully run for public office. Flynt is paralyzed from the waist down due to injuries sustained by Joseph Paul Franklin. In 2003, Arena magazine listed him on the "50 Powerful People in Porn" list. Flynt had two younger siblings: brother Jimmy Ray Flynt. His father served in the European Theatre of World War II. Due to his father's absence, he was raised solely by his mother and maternal grandmother of his life. He claimed Magoffin County was the poorest county in the nation during the Great Depression. In 1951, Judy, died due to leukemia at age four. Two years later, he returned to live in Magoffin County with his father because he disliked his mother's new boyfriend. He attended Salyersville High School in the ninth grade. However, Flynt despite being only 15 years old, joined the United States Army using a counterfeit birth certificate. It was around this time that he developed a passion for the game of poker. After being honorably discharged, he found employment at the Inland Manufacturing Company, an affiliate of General Motors.Larry Flynt – Larry Flynt attending the " Free Speech Coalition Awards Annual Bash Event" – Los Angeles, CA on November 14, 2009
39. Newport, Rhode Island – Newport is a seaside city on Aquidneck Island in Newport County, Rhode Island, United States. The City of Newport is located approximately 37 miles south-east of Providence, 21 miles south of Fall River, 74 miles south of Boston. It was a major 18th-century port city and also contains a high number of surviving buildings from the colonial era of the United States. The city is the county seat of Newport County. It was known for being the city of some of the "Summer White Houses" during the administrations of Presidents Dwight D. Eisenhower and John F. Kennedy. The population was 24,027 as of 2013. Newport was founded in 1639. First officers were Nicholas Easton, William Coddington, John Clarke, John Coggeshall, William Brenton, Jeremy Clark, Henry Bull. They left Portsmouth, Rhode Island after a political fallout with Anne Hutchinson and her followers. As part of the agreement, Coddington and his followers took control of the southern side of the island. They were soon joined by Nicholas Easton, who had recently been expelled from Massachusetts Bay Colony for holding heretical beliefs. The settlement grew to be the largest of the four original settlements of Rhode Island, which also included the Colony of Providence Plantations and Shawomett. Peace did not last long in Newport, as many did not like Coddington's autocratic style. As a result, a counter-faction was formed by 1650, led by Nicholas Easton, the Coddington/Easton divide dominated Newport politics for much of the 17th century. Newport became the most important port in colonial Rhode Island; a public school was established in 1640.Newport, Rhode Island – Newport, Rhode Island aerial view
40. Palm Beach County, Florida – Palm Beach County is a county located in the state of Florida, directly north of Broward County. As of the 2010 census, the population was 1,320,134, making it the third-most populous county in Florida. The largest city and county seat is West Palm Beach. Named after one of its oldest settlements, Palm Beach, the county was established in 1909, after being split from Dade County. The county's modern-day boundaries were established in 1963. In 1928, the Okeechobee hurricane struck West Palm Beach and caused thousands of deaths. Since then, a number of other tropical cyclones have impacted the area. More recently, the county acquired national attention during the 2000 presidential election, when a controversial recount occurred. As of 2004, Palm Beach County is Florida's wealthiest county, with a per capita personal income of $44,518. It leads the state in agricultural productivity, except for real estate, agriculture is Palm Beach County's largest industry. Approximately 10,200 years ago, Native Americans began migrating into Florida. The tribes settling in modern-day Palm Beach County included the Ais', Calusas, Jaegas, Mayaimis, Tequestas. An estimated 20,000 Native Americans lived in South Florida when the Spanish arrived. Their population diminished significantly by the 18th century, due to warfare, enslavement, diseases from Europe. Runaway African slaves started coming to what was then Spanish Florida in the late 17th century and they found refuge among the Seminole Native Americans.Palm Beach County, Florida – Palm Beach County
41. Arlington National Cemetery – The United States Department of the Army, a component of the United States Department of Defense, controls the cemetery. Like nearly all federal installations in Arlington County, it has a Washington, D.C. mailing address. Grandson of Martha Washington, began construction of Arlington House. The estate passed to Custis' daughter, Mary Anna, who had married United States Army officer Robert E. Lee. Upon her death, the Arlington estate passed to her eldest son, George Washington Custis Lee. On May 7, troops of the Virginia militia occupied Arlington and Arlington House. With Confederate forces occupying Arlington's high ground, the capital of the Union was left in an untenable military position. Although unwilling to leave Arlington House, Mary Lee believed her estate would soon be infested with federal soldiers. So she left for her sister's estate on May 14. McDowell occupied Arlington without opposition on May 24. In May 1864, Union forces suffered large numbers of dead in the Battle of the Wilderness. Quartermaster General Montgomery C. Meigs ordered that an examination of eligible sites be made for the establishment for a large new national military cemetery. Within weeks, his staff reported that Arlington Estate was the most suitable property in the area. The property was high and free from floods, it had a view of the District of Columbia, it was aesthetically pleasing.Arlington National Cemetery – Arlington National Cemetery and the Netherlands Carillon in December 2012.