1. Justin Bieber – Justin Drew Bieber is a Canadian singer and songwriter. It was certified platinum in the U.S. He became the first artist to have seven songs from a debut record chart on the Billboard Hot 100. Bieber released his first full-length studio album, My World 2.0, in 2010. It debuted at or near number one in several countries and was certified triple platinum in the U.S. It was preceded by his most successful single to date, "Baby". He released his second studio album, Under the Mistletoe, in November 2011, when it debuted at number one on the Billboard 200. Bieber released his third studio album, Believe, in 2012. His fourth studio album Purpose was released in November 2015. His U.S. album and singles sales total 44.7 million. He has sold an estimated 100 million records, making him one of the world’s best-selling music artists. He has won numerous fan-voted awards, including American Music Award for Artist of the Year in 2010 and 2012. In his career, he has received three Grammy nominations, winning one for Best Dance Recording for the song "Where Are Ü Now" at the 2016 ceremony. His fan base, dubbed "beliebers", largely consists of early to mid-adolescent girls. He has been listed four times by Forbes magazine among the top ten most powerful celebrities in the world in 2011, 2012, 2013.Justin Bieber – Bieber at the 2012 NRJ Music Awards
2. Belfast – On the River Lagan, it had a population of 286,000 after the 2015 council reform. Belfast was granted status in 1888. Belfast was a global industrial centre until the latter half of the 20th century. It has sustained a major aerospace and missiles industry since the mid 1930s. The inward migration it brought made Belfast Ireland's biggest at the beginning of the 20th century. Belfast remains a centre for industry, as well as the arts, higher education, business, law, is the economic engine of Northern Ireland. Additionally, Belfast centre has undergone considerable expansion and regeneration in recent years, notably around Victoria Square. Belfast is served by Belfast International Airport 15 miles west of the city. The Belfast is derived from the Irish Béal Feirsde, later spelled Béal Feirste. The name" mouth of the ford". This area was the hub around which the original settlement developed. The Irish name Béal Feirste is shared by a townland in County Mayo, whose name has been anglicised as Belfarsad. This interpretation was favoured by John O'Donovan. It seems clear, however, that the river itself was named after the tidal crossing. In Ulster Scots the name of the city is Bilfawst or Bilfaust, although "Belfast" is also used.Belfast – Top: Skyline of Belfast Middle top left to right, Queen's University Belfast, Albert Memorial Clock, Belfast, The Boat, Titanic Belfast Bottom left to right: Belfast City Hall, view of Belfast with Samson and Goliath.
3. MTV – MTV is an American cable and satellite television channel owned by Viacom Media Networks and headquartered in New York City. Launched on August 1981, the channel originally aired music videos as guided by television personalities known as "video jockeys". Today it is primarily towards teenagers, high school students and college students. It has received criticism both by certain segments of its audience and musicians. MTV's influence including issues involving censorship and social activism, has also been a subject of debate for several years. In recent years, MTV had struggled with the decline of music-related cable media. In April 2016, MTV announced it would start to return with the reintroduction of the classic MTV series MTV Unplugged. It was also reported that the series MTV Cribs would be making a return on Snapchat, with fourteen music-related shows speculated to be in production. MTV has affiliated channels internationally, some of which have gone independent. As of July 2015, approximately 92,188,000 US households have received MTV. Several earlier concepts for music video-based programming had been around since the early 1960s. The Beatles had used music videos to promote their records starting in the mid-1960s. Williams premiered his own musical composition "Classical Gas" on the Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour, where he was head writer. The series was canceled by its distributor in 1971. The channel, which featured video disc jockeys, signed a deal with US Cable in 1978 to expand its audience to cable television.MTV – Michael Jackson, whose discography included music videos such as " Beat It ", " Billie Jean ", and " Thriller ".
4. Mariah Carey – Mariah Carey is an American singer, songwriter, record producer, actress. In 1990, she rose from her eponymous debut album. Following a contentious divorce from Sony Music head Tommy Mottola, Carey traversed with the release of Butterfly. Carey signed a record-breaking $100 million contract with Virgin Records America. The project was poorly received and led to a general decline in the singer's career. She signed a multi-million deal with Island Records the following year. After a relatively unsuccessful period, she returned to the top of music charts with The Emancipation of Mimi. Throughout her career, Carey has sold more than 200 million records worldwide, making her one of the best-selling music artists of all time. According to the RIAA, she is the female artist in the United States, with million certified albums. With the release of "Touch My Body", Carey gained her number-one single in the United States, more than any other artist. In 2012, the singer was ranked second on VH1's list of the "100 Greatest Women in Music". Mariah Carey was born in Huntington, New York. Alfred Roy Carey, was of Afro-Venezuelan descent, while her mother, Patricia, is of Irish descent. The last name Carey was adopted by her Venezuelan grandfather, Francisco Núñez, after immigrating to New York. Patricia was an occasional opera singer and vocal coach before she met Alfred in 1960.Mariah Carey – Carey performing on Good Morning America in May 2013
5. Tiffani Thiessen – Tiffani-Amber Thiessen is an American actress. Thiessen was born in landscape architect. She has credited her grandmother as role models. She attended Cubberley Elementary and Marshall Junior High School in Long Beach. In 1992, Thiessen graduated as valedictorian at Valley Professional High School in Studio City, Los Angeles. Thiessen participated in beauty pageants during her childhood and was crowned Miss Junior America in 1987. The following year, she graced the cover of Teen magazine, having won the magazine's "Great Model Search". Simultaneously, Thiessen guest starred on series such as Married... with Children, Charles in Charge and Step by Step. That year she also dropped her middle name which she had been including professionally for many years and is now credited as simply Tiffani Thiessen. The role eventually went to Rose McGowan. In 2008, she made her second music video appearance, this time for Ben Lee's "American Television". Thiessen appeared with her husband Brady Smith on the September 6, 2009 episode of season four of the reality show HGTV Design Star. From 2009 through 2014 Thiessen appeared in the USA Network crime series White Collar as Elizabeth Burke. Also in 2015, Thiessen started hosting her own show on Cooking Channel called "Dinner at Tiffani's". In 1999, she went through a difficult period in her personal life, when David Strickland, also an actor, whom she had begun dating, committed suicide.Tiffani Thiessen – Thiessen in 2010.
6. The Monkees – The Monkees are an American-British pop rock band originally active between 1965 and 1971, with subsequent reunion albums and tours in the decades that followed. The acting quartet was composed of Americans Micky Dolenz, Michael Nesmith and Peter Tork and British actor and singer Davy Jones. The band's music was initially supervised by producer Don Kirshner. Dolenz described the Monkees as initially being "a show about an imaginary band... that wanted to be The Beatles, never successful". The actor-musicians, however, soon became a real band. For the few months of their initial five-year career as "The Monkees", the four actor-musicians were allowed only limited roles in the recording studio. This was due in part to the amount of time required to film the series. Nonetheless, Peter Tork contributed limited guitar work on the sessions produced by Nesmith. They eventually earned the right to collectively supervise all musical output under the band's name. The band continued to record music through 1971. A revival of interest in the show came in 1986, which led to a series of reunion tours and new records. Up until 2011 the group toured several times, with varying degrees of success. Mike was able to free some time up to join them in the latter stages. At their peak in 1967, the band outsold The Rolling Stones combined. Aspiring filmmaker Bob Rafelson was unsuccessful in selling the series.The Monkees – The Monkees, top from left: Peter Tork, Micky Dolenz. Sitting, from left: Davy Jones and Michael Nesmith.
7. Wu-Tang Clan – Cappadonna later became an official member of the group. The group is associated with the New York City borough of Staten Island. The Wu-Tang Clan has released seven gold and platinum studio albums with worldwide sales of more than 40 million albums, since 1992. Its album, Enter the Wu-Tang, is considered to be one of the greatest albums in hip-hop history. It is said to have been groundbreaking for one of the most important albums of the hip-hop golden age. In 2008, About.com ranked them "the No. 1 greatest hip group of all time". Kris Ex of Rolling Stone called Wu-Tang Clan "the best group ever". In 2004, NME hailed them as one of the most influential groups of the last ten years. All in Together Now was never signed to a label. See, me, ODB had a crew called FOI: Force of the Imperial Master, nah mean? He was like: "Yo! I heard that shit! Your song with Ason Unique and The Specialist." I was the Scientist. So we never got signed as a group then.Wu-Tang Clan – Members of the Wu-Tang Clan and their affiliates performing at the Virgin Festival in Baltimore.
8. London, Ontario – London is a city located in Southwestern Ontario, Canada along the Quebec City–Windsor Corridor. The city has a population of 366,151 according to the 2011 Canadian census. London is at the confluence of the non-navigable Thames River, approximately halfway between Toronto, Ontario and Detroit, Michigan. The City of London is a separated municipality, politically separate from Middlesex County, though it remains the county seat. London and the Thames were named in 1793 by John Graves Simcoe, who proposed the site for the capital of Upper Canada. The first European settlement was between 1801 and 1804 by Peter Hagerman. The village was founded in 1826 and incorporated in 1855. London is a regional centre of education, being home to the University of Western Ontario, several hospitals. London's university and hospitals are among its top ten employers. London lies at the junction of Highway 401 and 402, connecting it to Toronto, Windsor, Sarnia. It also has an international station. Prior to European contact in the 18th century, the present site of London was occupied by several Neutral and Odawa/Ojibwa villages. Archaeological investigations in the region indicate that aboriginal people have resided in the area for at least the past 10,000 years. The current location of London was selected as the site of the future capital of Upper Canada in 1793 by Lieutenant-Governor John Graves Simcoe. Simcoe intended to name the settlement Georgina, in honour of King George III, renamed the river.London, Ontario – Downtown London skyline
9. Green Day – Green Day is an American punk rock band formed in 1986 by lead vocalist and guitarist Billie Joe Armstrong and bassist Mike Dirnt. In 2012, guitarist Jason White became an official member after having performed since 1999. Green Day was originally part of the scene at the DIY 924 Gilman Street club in Berkeley, California. The band's early releases were with the independent record Lookout! Records. American Idiot, reignited the band's popularity with a younger generation, selling six million copies in the U.S.. 21st Century Breakdown, was released in 2009 and achieved the band's best chart performance to date. 21st Century Breakdown was followed up by a trilogy of albums called ¡Uno!, ¡Dos!, ¡Tré!, which were released in September, November and December 2012 respectively. The band's twelfth album, Revolution Radio was released on October 7, 2016. Green Day has sold more than million records worldwide. In 2010, a adaptation of American Idiot debuted on Broadway. The musical was nominated for three Tony Awards: Best Scenic Design and Best Lighting Design, losing only the first. Also in 2010, Green Day was ranked no. 91 in the list of the "100 Greatest Artists of All Time". In 1986, friends Billie Joe Armstrong and Mike Dirnt, 14 years old at the time, formed a band called Sweet Children. The group's live performance took place on October 17, 1987, at Rod's Hickory Pit in Vallejo, California.Green Day – Green Day performing in Cleveland, Ohio in 2015. From left to right: Jason White, Billie Joe Armstrong, Tré Cool and Mike Dirnt.
10. R. Kelly – Robert Sylvester Kelly, known professionally as R. Kelly, is an American singer, songwriter, former professional basketball player. A native of Chicago, Illinois, Kelly debuted with the group Public Announcement. In 1993, Kelly went solo with the album 12 Play. In 1998, Kelly won three Grammy Awards for "I Believe I Can Fly". Style has influenced numerous hop contemporary R&B artists. Kelly became the first musician to play professional basketball, when he was signed in 1997. Kelly has written, remixed albums for many artists, including Aaliyah's 1994 debut album Age Ain't Nothing but a Number. In 1996, Kelly was nominated for a Grammy for writing Michael Jackson's song "You Are Not Alone". In March 2011, R. Kelly was named the most successful R&B artist of the last 25 years by Billboard. He has sold over million records worldwide making him the most successful R&B male artist of the 1990s. He has been credited for helping redefine R&B and hip hop, earning the nicknames "King of R&B" and "King of Pop-Soul". Kelly is listed as also the most successful R&B artist in history. Robert Sylvester Kelly was born at Chicago Lying-in Hospital in Chicago. Kelly is the third of four children. Kelly's single mother, Joanne, was a singer.R. Kelly – Kelly at the premier of Chapter 13-22 of Trapped in the Closet in 2007.
11. Aardman Animations – Aardman Animations, Ltd. also known as Aardman Studios, or simply as Aardman, is a British animation studio based in Bristol. Aardman is known for films made using stop-motion clay animation techniques, particularly those featuring Plasticine characters Wallace and Gromit. Beginning with Owzat, it entered the market with Flushed Away. Aardman films have made $973.2 million worldwide and average $163 million per film. The partnership provided animated sequences for the BBC series for deaf children Vision On. After creating a segment called "Greeblies" using animation, became what was the inspiration for creating a simple character. Aardman also created the title sequence for The Great Egg Race and supplied animation for the multiple award winning music video of Peter Gabriel's song "Sledgehammer". They produced the music video for the song "My Baby Just Cares For Me" by Nina Simone in 1987. Later Aardman produced a number of shorts for Channel 4 including the Conversation Pieces series. These five shorts worked in the same area as the Animated Conversations pieces, but were more sophisticated. Lord and Sproxton began hiring more animators at this point; three of the newcomers made their directorial debut at Aardman with the Lip Synch series. Of the five Lip Synch shorts two were directed by Peter Lord, one by Barry Purves, one by Richard Goleszowski and one by Nick Park. Park's short, Creature Comforts, was the first Aardman production to win an Oscar. These films include A Grand Day Out, The Wrong Trousers and A Close Shave, the latter two winning Academy Awards. With the deal was also announced the first project, titled The Tortoise and the Hare.Aardman Animations – Aardman Animations' headquarters in Bristol
12. Compact Cassette – Compact cassettes come in two forms, either already containing as a fully recordable "blank" cassette. Its uses ranged from portable audio to data storage for early microcomputers. The first player designed for use in car dashes was introduced in 1968. Compact Cassettes contain two miniature spools, between which a magnetically polyester-type plastic film is passed and wound. Their attendant parts are held inside a protective plastic shell. This reversal is achieved either by having the machine itself change the direction of tape movement and head respectively. These instruments were therefore used mostly by professionals in radio stations and recording studios. Following four years of development, RCA Victor introduced the stereo, quarter-inch, reversible, reel-to-reel RCA tape cartridge. However, it offered few pre-recorded tapes. Despite the multiple versions, it failed. Use of tape only took off in the early 1960s, after playback machines reached a comfortable, user-friendly design. This was achieved primarily by the introduction of transistors which replaced the bulky, costly vacuum tubes of earlier designs. Reel-to-reel tape then still remained an esoteric product. The team at Philips was led by Lou Ottens in Hasselt, Belgium. However, the Philips' Compact Cassette became dominant as a result of Philips' decision to license the format free of charge.Compact Cassette – A TDK D-C60 cassette, a common speech-quality tape with a 60-minute playing time, in a housing similar to that of the original Philips' Compact Cassette specification
13. Music of Australia – The music of Australia has an extensive history made of music societies. Australian music is a part of the unique heritage of a 40,000 -- 60,000 year history which produced the iconic didgeridoo. Contemporary fusions of Indigenous and Western styles mark distinctly Australian contributions to music. Tastes have diversified along to Australia. Australian music refers to the music of Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders. Music has been so for over 60,000 years. Traditional music is best characterised by the didgeridoo, the best-known instrument, considered by some to be the world's oldest. Archaeological studies of art in the Northern Territory suggest people of the Kakadu region were playing the instrument 15,000 years ago. Contemporary Indigenous Australian music has covered numerous styles, including rock and roll, country, reggae. Jimmy Little is regarded as the first Aboriginal performer to achieve success, with his debut 1964 song "The Royal Telephone" highly popular and successful. In 2005, Little was presented by the University of Sydney. It would be Yothu Yindi that would bring Indigenous music to the mainstream, from the album Tribal Voice, becoming a hit. Would go on to reach No. 11 on the ARIA Singles Chart. The band's performances were embodied a sharing of culture. The success of Yothu Yindi -- winners of eight ARIA Awards -- was followed by Kev Carmody, Tiddas, Christine Anu, numerous other Indigenous Australian musicians.Music of Australia – Performance of Aboriginal song and dance in the Australian National Maritime Museum in Sydney with traditional instrument, the Didgeridoo.
14. Justin Timberlake – Justin Randall Timberlake is an American singer, songwriter, actor and record producer. Born in Memphis, Tennessee, he appeared on the television shows Star Search and The All-New Mickey Mouse Club as a child. Comes Around". With his first two albums exceeding sales of 10 million copies worldwide, he was established as one of the most commercially successful singers of the decade. He has also collaborated with other artists, including "Give It to Me" and "4 Minutes". The eponymous tour for the albums originated the film Justin Timberlake + The Tennessee Kids, named after the accompanying band in his live performances. In 2016, Timberlake voiced the lead character in DreamWorks Animation's Trolls, which soundtrack includes his fifth Billboard Hot 100 chart-topping single, "Can't Stop the Feeling!". Time named one of the 100 most influential people in the world in 2013. His other ventures include the restaurants Destino and Southern Hospitality. He was born in Charles Randall Timberlake, a Baptist church choir director. Timberlake grew up in Shelby Forest, a small community between Memphis and Millington. He has two half-brothers, Jonathan and Stephen, from Charles' second marriage to Lisa Perry. Timberlake was inspired to become a performer by Janet Jackson, saying "She didn't just sing her song," fascinated by exuberance." At the age of 11, he appeared on the show Star Search, performing music songs as "Justin Randall". He then recruited Chasez to be in an all-male group, organized by boy manager Lou Pearlman, that eventually became NSYNC.Justin Timberlake – Timberlake at the Cannes Film Festival, May 2013
15. Beverly Hills, California – Beverly Hills is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States, surrounded by the cities of Los Angeles and West Hollywood. By 2013, its population had grown to 34,658. Sometimes referred to as "90210", one of its primary ZIP codes, it was home to many actors and celebrities throughout the 20th century. The city includes the Rodeo Drive shopping district and the Beverly Hills Oil Field. The area was settled by Maria Rita Quinteros de Valdez and her husband in 1828. They called their 4,500 acres of property the Rancho Rodeo de las Aguas. in 1854, she sold the ranch to Benjamin Davis Wilson and Henry Hancock. Henry Hammel and Andrew H. Denker acquired most of it and used it for farming lima beans. At this point, the area was known as the Hammel and Denker Ranch. By 1888, Denker and Hammel were planning to build a town called Morocco on their holdings. They did not find enough to exploit commercially by the standards of the time, though. In 1906, therefore, they reorganized as the Rodeo Land and Water Company, renamed the property "Beverly Hills," subdivided it, began selling lots. The development was named "Beverly Hills" after Beverly Farms in Beverly, Massachusetts and because of the hills in the area. The first house in the subdivision was built in 1907, although sales remained slow. Beverly Hills was one of planned communities started around this time. Restrictive covenants prohibited non-whites from owning or renting property unless they were employed as servants by white residents.Beverly Hills, California – Beverly Hills at the corner of Rodeo Drive & Via Rodeo
16. Teen idol – A teen idol is a celebrity with a large teenage fan-base. Teen idols are generally young but not necessarily teenaged. Some sports figures also have an appeal to teenagers. Some teen idols began their careers like Leif Garrett, Lindsay Lohan and Hilary Duff. The idol's popularity may extend to all age groups. Teen idols are targeted for adults for nostalgia purposes. Today's teen idols have spawned an entire industry of gossip magazines, television shows, whole television channels such as E!. Say! Ha ^ Ash and RBD in the 2010s. In Spain, La Oreja de Van Gogh, Miguel Bose, Hombres G all enjoyed teen-idol status. Even in the classical field, a British-Chinese violinist Vanessa-Mae became the first "teen idol" in that category. The kind of idolizing following Liszt drew in Europe would not be followed for several decades. American opera singer, had a large following of young women nicknamed "Gerry-flappers" in the early 20th century. He was possibly the first popular singer to have a star vehicle created for him: The Vagabond Lover. Frank Sinatra, whose early career is often linked to bobby soxers, is also regarded as having been amongst the first teen idols.Teen idol – Rudy Vallée, one of the first crooners and a teen idol of the early 20th century
17. Essex Junction, Vermont – Essex Junction is a village located within the town of Essex in Chittenden County, Vermont, United States. The population was 9,271 at the 2010 census. It was incorporated on November 15, 1892. The Vermonter train runs daily from the Franklin County seat of St. Albans to Union Station in Washington, D.C. It used to be called the Montrealer; its terminus being at Central Station in Montreal, Quebec. The village and town each operate separate fire departments, libraries, parks departments, municipal services, contain separate school districts for grades K–8. Both governments collectively operate a unified police department and the unified Essex High School. Essex Junction is home to mm wafer plant. GlobalFoundries is the state of Vermont's largest private employer, with approximately 3,000 employees. The history was affected by the presence of IBM, which chose Essex Junction in 1958. In 1958, IBM leased a 40,000 square feet facility in the southeast part of the village for its new Data Processing Division. By the end of the year, there were 500 workers. In 1969, the plant expanded to 820,000 square feet. In 1982, employment reached an all-time high of 8,000. In 2007, the town listers dropped the value of the plant from a high of $147.5 million to $104 million.Essex Junction, Vermont – Downtown Essex Junction
18. Nas – Nasir bin Olu Dara Jones, better known by his stage name Nas /ˈnɑːz/, is an American hip hop recording artist, record producer, actor and entrepreneur. The son of Nas has released eight consecutive platinum and multi-platinum albums and has sold over 25 million records worldwide. He is currently signed to Mass Appeal Records. His musical career began as featured artist on Main Source's "Live at the Barbeque". From 2001 to 2005, Nas was involved in a highly publicized feud with rapper Jay Z. Nas signed to Def Jam in 2006. In 2010, he released a collaboration album with reggae artist Damian Marley, donating all royalties to charities active in Africa. His eleventh album, Life Is Good was nominated for Best Rap Album at the 55th Annual Grammy Awards. Nas is often named as one of the greatest hip hop artists. MTV ranked him on their list of "The Greatest MCs of All Time". In 2012, The Source ranked number two on their list of the "Top 50 Lyricists of All Time". In 2013, Nas was ranked fourth on MTV's "Hottest MCs in the Game" list. Nasir bin Olu Dara Jones was born September 1973, in Brooklyn, New York. Olu Dara, is a jazz and blues musician, from Mississippi. Fannie Ann Jones, was a Postal Service worker from North Carolina. He has a brother named Jabari Fret, best known as "Jungle", a member of the hip hop group Bravehearts.Nas – Nas performing in Paris in 2014.
19. Busta Rhymes – Trevor George Smith, Jr. better known by his stage name Busta Rhymes, is an American hip hop recording artist, actor, record producer and record executive. Chuck D of Public Enemy gave the moniker Busta Rhymes, after NFL wide receiver George "Buster" Rhymes. In 2012, The Source placed him on their list of All Time. MTV has called him "one of hip-hop's greatest visual artists." He was both a member of a founding member of the record label Conglomerate and production crew The Conglomerate. In November 2011, he signed a deal with Cash Money Records. On July 2014, he announced that he left Cash Money Records due to creative differences and was no longer on Republic. Busta Rhymes has far released nine studio albums, with the first being the 1996 platinum-selling album The Coming. His list of hit singles include "Woo Hah!! He is set to release his tenth album, E.L.E.2, which will be a sequel to his 1998 album E.L.E. : The Final World Front. He was born Trevor George Smith, New York, on May 20, 1972 to Geraldine Green and Trevor Smith, who are from Jamaica. This was confirmed with Jay Z and Jimmy Kimmel. The group's big break was when they became an opening act for fellow Long Island hip group Public Enemy. Public Enemy's Chuck D gave their respective stage names.Busta Rhymes – Busta Rhymes in 2002
20. Christmas music – Christmas music comprises a variety of genres of music normally performed or heard around the Christmas season. Music was an early feature of its celebrations. The 13th century saw the rise of the carol written under the influence of Francis of Assisi. In the Middle Ages, the combined circle dances with singing and called them carols. Later, the carol came to mean a song in which a religious topic is treated in a style, familiar or festive. From Italy, it passed to France and Germany, later to England. Christmas music includes some of the noblest compositions of the great musicians. During the Commonwealth of England government under Cromwell, the Rump Parliament prohibited the practice of singing Christmas carols as Pagan and sinful. Like other customs associated with popular Catholic Christianity, it earned the disapproval of Protestant Puritans. Famously, Cromwell's interregnum prohibited all celebrations of the Christmas holiday. This attempt to ban the public celebration of Christmas can also be seen in the early history of Father Christmas. The Westminster Assembly of Divines established Sunday as the only holy day in the calendar in 1644. The new liturgy produced for the English church so legally abolished Christmas. Its celebration was declared an offence by Parliament in 1647. There whether or not it was enforced in the country.Christmas music – Child Christmas carolers in Bucharest, Romania 1929
21. Madame Tussauds – Madame Tussauds is a wax museum in London with branches in a number of major cities. It was founded by wax sculptor Marie Tussaud. It used to be known as "Madame Tussaud's"; the apostrophe is no longer used. Madame Tussauds is a major tourist attraction in London, displaying waxworks of famous people. Marie Tussaud was born as Marie Grosholtz in 1761 in Strasbourg, France. Her mother worked as a housekeeper for Dr. Philippe Curtius in Bern, Switzerland, a physician skilled in wax modelling. Curtius taught Tussaud the art of wax modelling. Tussaud created her first wax sculpture in 1777 of Voltaire. Other famous people whom she modelled at that time include Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Benjamin Franklin. During the French Revolution, she modelled many prominent victims. She claims that she would search through corpses to find the severed heads of executed citizens, from which she would make death masks. Her death masks were held up as revolutionary flags and paraded through the streets of Paris. She inherited the doctor's vast collection of wax models following his death in 1794, spent the next 33 years travelling around Europe. She married Francois Tussaud in 1795, the show acquired a new name: Madame Tussaud's. She did not fare particularly well financially, with Philidor taking half of her profits.Madame Tussauds – Madame Tussauds and the London Planetarium
22. Nickelback – It is a Canadian rock band formed in 1995 in Hanna, Alberta, Canada. The band is composed of guitarist and lead vocalist Chad Kroeger, guitarist, keyboardist and backing vocalist Ryan Peake, drummer Daniel Adair. The band went through a few drummer changes between 2005, achieving its current form when Adair replaced drummer Ryan Vikedal. They were listed number seven on the Billboard top artist of the decade, with four albums listed on the Billboard top albums of the decade. The band re-released their once-independent album The State. In 2011, the band released their seventh album Now which again topped the charts. No Fixed Address was released on 17 November 2014. The band is based in Vancouver, Canada. The band's domestic signing was with EMI Canada. They subsequently obtained an American deal with global distribution via Roadrunner Records. For the release of their seventh album, the band signed a new Canadian domestic distribution deal with Universal Music Canada. The band was formed in the early 1990s as a band called the "Village Idiots" by Chad Kroeger, Ryan Peake, Mike Kroeger, Brandon Kroeger. The band performed covers of songs from Led Zeppelin and Metallica. In the same year, they also recorded Curb. "Fly" was the first single produced by Nickelback.Nickelback – Nickelback performing in Brisbane in November 2012 during the Here and Now Tour. From left to right: Ryan Peake, Daniel Adair, Chad Kroeger and Mike Kroeger
23. Ludacris – Christopher Brian "Chris" Bridges, better known by his stage name Ludacris, is an American hip hop recording artist and actor from Atlanta, Georgia. Alongside Chaka Zulu, he is the co-founder of Disturbing tha Peace, an imprint distributed by Def Jam Recordings. Throughout his career, he has won Screen Actors Guild, Critic's Choice, Grammy Awards. Born in Champaign, Illinois, he moved at age nine where he began rapping. In 2001, Ludacris released Word of Mouf, followed by The Red Light District in 2004. Ludacris took a more serious approach with his next two albums, Theater of the Mind. Battle of the Sexes, was released in 2010 and featured the tone of his previous albums. Ludaversal was released on March 2015. He was born as Christopher Brian Bridges in the only child of Roberta Shields and Wayne Brian Bridges. Ludacris then attended Centreville High School for one year. Ludacris attended Banneker High School in Atlanta, Georgia and graduated in 1995. From 1998 to 1999, Ludacris studied management at Georgia State University. He also has some English and Native American ancestry. Ludacris is a distant cousin of late comedian Richard Pryor. Bridges joined an amateur rap group three years later.Ludacris – Ludacris at Midtown 2012
24. 1994 in music – This is a list of notable events in music that took place in the year 1994. January 19 - Bryan Adams becomes the first major Western music star to perform in Vietnam since the end of the Vietnam War. January 29 – The Supremes' Mary Wilson is injured when her Jeep hits a freeway median and flips over just outside Los Angeles, USA. Wilson's 14-year-old son is killed in the accident. February 1 – Green Day release their breakthrough album Dookie, ushering in the mid-1990s punk revival. Dookie eventually achieves certification. February 7 – Blind Melon's lead singer Shannon Hoon is forced to leave the American Music Awards ceremony because of his loud and disruptive behavior. Hoon is later charged with assault, resisting arrest, destroying a police station phone. February 14 – The Grateful Dead's Jerry Garcia marries Deborah Koons. March 1 Selena becomes the first Tejano singer to win a Grammy Award. Nirvana play their final concert, in Munich. Frank Sinatra receives the Grammy Legend Award. March 3 – In Rome, Nirvana's Kurt Cobain lapses into a coma after overdosing on Rohypnol and champagne. March 5 – Grace Slick is arrested for pointing a shotgun at police in her Tiburon, California home. March 7 - The United States Supreme Court decision Campbell v. Acuff-Rose Music, Inc. rules that parody can qualify as fair use.1994 in music – Joan Jett performing at Bumbershoot 1994.
25. Barry Gibb – With his brothers, Maurice Gibb, he formed a songwriting partnership beginning in 1966. They returned to England where they achieved worldwide fame. He was also known for his high-pitched falsetto voice. Gibb shares Paul McCartney for consecutive Billboard Hot 100 number ones as a writer with six. Guinness World Records lists Gibb as the second most successful songwriter in history behind Paul McCartney. Gibb's career has spanned over fifty years. In 1994, he was inducted with his brothers. Barry is a fellow of the British Academy of Songwriters, Composers and Authors. For services to music, Gibb was appointed Commander in the Order of the British Empire at Buckingham Palace on 27 May 2004. In 2007, Q magazine ranked number 38 on its list of the "100 Greatest Singers". He has English, Scottish ancestry. He has Lesley Evans. He was named Barry Alan Crompton Gibb after Alan, who died in infancy. Later, the Gibbs moved on Strang Road. When he was almost two years old, he was badly burned.Barry Gibb – Gibb performing with the Bee Gees in 1968.
26. Faith Hill – Faith Hill is an American country music singer, songwriter, actress and record producer. Hill is one of the most successful country artists of all time, having sold more than million albums worldwide. She is married to American singer Tim McGraw, with whom she has recorded several duets. Hill then achieved mainstream and success with her next two albums, Faith and Breathe. It earned Hill three Grammy Awards. In 2001, it became an international hit and her best-selling single in Europe. She has won five Grammy Awards, 15 Academy of Country Music Awards, several other awards. Her Soul2Soul II Tour 2006 with McGraw became the highest-grossing tour of all time. In 2001, Hill was named one of the "30 Most Powerful Women in America" by Ladies Home Journal. In 2009, Billboard also as the 39th best artist. From 2007 to 2012, she was the voice of NBC Sunday Night Football's song. She was born in Ridgeland, Mississippi, north of Jackson, Mississippi. Hill was named Audrey Faith Perry. Hill was raised in the nearby town of Star, 25 miles outside of Jackson. Edna and Ted Perry, raised her with their two biological sons in a devout Christian environment.Faith Hill – Hill at a tribute concert for America's armed forces for ABC 's Good Morning America in 2009
27. Hayley Westenra – Hayley Dee Westenra is a New Zealand singer, classical crossover artist, songwriter, UNICEF Ambassador. Pure, reached No. 1 on the UK classical charts in 2003 and has sold more than two million copies worldwide. Pure is the fastest-selling international classical album to date, having made Westenra an international star at age 16. She has performed all over the world. Westenra has contributed to charities around the globe. She was born in New Zealand. Jill and Gerald Westenra, have two other children, Sophie and Isaac. Her grandfather was a pianist who also played the piano accordion. Westenra has Irish, English heritage. After the show, a teacher who had watched the performance approached her parents to tell them that their daughter was "pitch perfect". Westenra then discovered a passion for musical theatre. By age 11, she was often given male parts: "I got boy parts quite often. In ballet, there were not enough boys. So they ended up choosing half. I got chosen to wear the wig, not the pretty dresses.Hayley Westenra – Westenra in 2005
28. Rogers Centre – Opened in 1989 on the former Railway Lands, it is home to the Toronto Blue Jays of Major League Baseball. Previously, the stadium served to the Toronto Raptors of the National Basketball Association. The Buffalo Bills of the National Football League played an annual game at the stadium as part of the Bills Toronto Series from 2008 to 2013. While it is primarily a sports venue, it also hosts large-scale events such as conventions, trade fairs, concerts, monster truck shows. The stadium was renamed "Rogers Centre" following the purchase of the stadium by Rogers Communications, which also owned the Toronto Blue Jays, in 2005. It is also the North American major-league stadium built to accommodate both baseball. The stadium served as the site of both the opening and closing ceremonies of the 2015 Pan American Games. During the ceremonies, the site was referred to as the "Pan Am Dome" instead of its official name. The stadium's construction lasted to May 1989. The main impetus for building an enclosed sports venue came following the Grey Cup game in November 1982, held at the outdoor Exhibition Stadium. The game was played in a driving rainstorm that left most of the crowd drenched, leading the media to call it "the Rain Bowl". As many of the seats were completely exposed to the elements, thousands watched the game from the concession section. To make a bad experience even worse, the washrooms overflowed. The following day, at a rally at Toronto City Hall, tens of thousands of people who attended the game began to chant, "We want a dome! We want a dome!"Rogers Centre – Rogers Centre
29. 50 Cent – Curtis James Jackson III, known professionally as 50 Cent, is an American rapper, actor, businessman, investor. Born in the South Jamaica neighborhood of the borough of Queens, he began selling drugs during the 1980s crack epidemic. Although he left drug-dealing to pursue a musical career, Jackson was struck by nine bullets in a 2000 shooting. After Jackson released the compilation album Guess Who's Back? in 2002, he was discovered by Eminem and signed by Shady Records, Aftermath Entertainment and Interscope Records. In 2003 Jackson founded G-Unit Records, signing Young Buck, Lloyd Banks and Tony Yayo. He had similar critical success with his second album, The Massacre, released in 2005. Jackson is working on his sixth studio album, Street King Immortal. Jackson executive produces the Power, which airs on Starz. 50 Cent was ranked the sixth-best artist of the third-best rapper. He was raised in its South Jamaica neighborhood by his mother, Sabrina. Sabrina raised Jackson until she died in a mysterious fire when Jackson was 8. After his father's departure he was raised by his grandmother. When he was 14 a neighbor opened a boxing gym for local youth. "When I wasn't killing time in school, I was sparring in the gym or crack on the strip," he remembered. During the mid-1980s, he competed in the Junior Olympics: "I was competitive in the ring and hip-hop is competitive too...50 Cent – 50 Cent in 2006
30. List of drummersList of drummers – Dave Grohl
31. Eeny, meeny, miny, moe – "Eeny, meeny, miny, moe"—which can be spelled a number of ways—is a children's counting rhyme, used to select a person in games such as tag. The rhyme has existed in various forms since well before 1820, is common in many languages with similar-sounding nonsense syllables. Since many similar counting rhymes existed earlier, it is difficult to ascertain this rhyme's exact origin. A modern version is: Eeny, meeny, moe, Catch a tiger by the toe. If he hollers, let him go, miny, moe. The last two lines may be changed to "if he hollers, let fifty dollars every day." Pig snout you are out. Out goes Y-O-U. Occasionally the line copies'Ip dip': Not because you're dirty, Not because you're clean, Just because you kissed a boy/girl behind the magazine. Bolton also found a similar rhyme in German: Ene, tene, mone, mei, Pastor, lone, bone, strei, Ene, fune, Wer? Wie? Wo? Was? He'll go to the crow's nest. Pon!Eeny, meeny, miny, moe – " A-Tisket, A-Tasket "
32. Grammy Award for Best New Artist – The Grammy Award for Best New Artist has been awarded since 1959. Years reflect the year in which the Grammy Awards were handed out, for records released in the previous year. The award was not presented in 1967. Note that this is not necessarily the first album released by an artist. I feel sorry for everyone who's gotten it since." The category is also notable for being the only category in which a Grammy Award was vacated. This occurred in 1990 after it was revealed winners Milli Vanilli did not do their own vocals on their album. The award was not handed out to another artist. Between 2003, all the winners were solo female artists. Also, from 1993 to 2005, no winner was a male artist. In 2006, John Legend broke this trend, which started in 1992. 1984 marked the first time that all of the nominees were from outside of the United States. Over the years, the eligibility rules for this category have changed several times. In 2010, Lady Gaga's exclusion from the Best New category caused the Recording Academy to change eligibility requirements for the next ceremony. She was ineligible for the nomination because her hit "Just Dance" had been nominated in 2008.Grammy Award for Best New Artist – The Beatles members John Lennon, Paul McCartney, Ringo Starr, and George Harrison (clockwise from top left)
33. Celine Dion – Céline Marie Claudette Dion, CC OQ ChLD is a French Canadian singer and businesswoman. Following a series of French albums during the 1980s, she signed on to Epic Records in the United States. In 1990, Dion released Unison, establishing herself as other English-speaking areas of the world. With the help of Angélil, she achieved worldwide fame after releasing English albums along with additional French albums. It became the most successful show of grossing US $385 million. Dion's music has been influenced by genres ranging from rock and R&B to gospel and classical. Her recordings are mainly in French and English, although she also sings in Spanish, Italian, German, Latin, Japanese and Mandarin Chinese. While her releases have often received mixed critical reception, she is regarded as one of pop music's most influential voices. Dion has won five Grammy Awards, including Album of the Year and Record of the Year. She is the female artist in the US during the Nielsen SoundScan era. In 2003, Dion was honoured by the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry for selling over 50 million albums in Europe. Dion remains one of the best-selling artists of all time with record sales of over million copies worldwide. Dion was born in Charlemagne, Quebec, Canada, the youngest of 14 children of Thérèse, a homemaker, Adhémar Dion, a butcher, both of French-Canadian descent. Dion was raised a Roman Catholic in a poverty-stricken, but, by her own account, happy home in Charlemagne. Thereafter, she continued to perform in her parents's small bar called Le Vieux Baril, "The Old Barrel."Celine Dion – Celine Dion, 2012
34. Shema Yisrael – Observant Jews consider the Shema to be the most important part of the prayer service in Judaism, its twice-daily recitation as a mitzvah. These sections of the Torah are read in the weekly Torah portions Va'etchanan, Eikev, Shlach, respectively. Originally, the Shema consisted of only one verse: Deuteronomy 6:4. The recitation of the Shema in the liturgy, however, consists of three portions: Deuteronomy 6:4–9, 11:13-21, Numbers 15:37–41. The three portions are already mentioned in the Mishnah. The three portions relate to central issues of Jewish belief. In the Mishnah the reciting of the shema was linked with re-affirming a personal relationship with God's rule. Literally, reciting the shema was stated as "receiving the kingdom of heaven." Additionally, the Talmud points out that subtle references to the Ten Commandments can be found in the three portions. As the Ten Commandments were removed from daily prayer in the Mishnaic period, the Shema is seen as an opportunity to commemorate the Ten Commandments. There are two larger-print letters in the first sentence which, when combined, spell "עד". In Hebrew this means "witness". The idea thus conveyed is that through the recitation or proclamation of the Shema one is a living witness testifying to the truth of its message. Eloheinu — the plural 1st person possessive of אֱלֹהִים Elohim, meaning “our God”. Echad — the unified and cardinal number one אֶחָד This first verse of the Shema relates to the kingship of God.Shema Yisrael – Shema Yisrael at the Knesset Menorah in Jerusalem
35. Dubai – Dubai is the most populous city in the United Arab Emirates. Abu Dhabi and Dubai are the only two emirates to have power over critical matters of national importance in the country's legislature. The city of Dubai heads up the Dubai-Sharjah-Ajman metropolitan area. Dubai is to host World Expo 2020. Dubai has emerged as a global city and hub of the Middle East. It is also a major hub for passengers and cargo. Oil was not discovered until 1966. Oil revenue first started to flow in 1969. The emirate's Western-style model of business drives its economy with the main revenues now coming from tourism, aviation, financial services. Dubai was recently named the best destination for Muslim travellers by Salam Standard. Dubai has recently attracted attention through many innovative large construction projects and sports events. The city has become iconic in particular the world's tallest building, the Burj Khalifa. Dubai has been criticised for human violations concerning the city's largely South Asian workforce. As of 2012, Dubai was the most expensive city in the Middle East. In 2014, Dubai's hotel rooms were rated as the second most expensive after Geneva.Dubai – Clockwise from the top: skyline with Burj Khalifa; Burj Al Arab; satellite image showing Palm Jumeirah and The World Islands; Dubai Marina; and Sheikh Zayed road.
36. Usher (singer) – Usher Raymond IV is an American singer, songwriter, dancer, actor. Born in Dallas, Texas but lived until moving to Atlanta, Georgia. At the age of 12, his mother put him before catching the attention of a A&R from LaFace Records. In August 1994 he released his self-titled debut album, Usher. His third album produced the number-one singles "U Remind Me" and "U Got It Bad". The former won him his first Grammy Award in 2002, along with "U Don't Have to Call" in 2003 for Best Male R&B Vocal Performance. Confessions established him as one of the best-selling musical artists of the 2000s decade. It sold 20 million copies worldwide, bolstered by its four consecutive Billboard Hot 100 number one singles; "Yeah!", "Burn", "Confessions Part II", "My Boo". It has been certified Diamond by the Recording Industry Association of America, earning three Grammy Awards in 2005. Versus, also produced top-five single "DJ Got Us Fallin' in Love". Looking 4 Myself, also debuted atop the Billboard 200 chart and produced the Hot 100 top-ten single "Scream". 4 Myself received Grammy Awards for R&B singles "There Goes My Baby" and "Climax". Hard II Love was released, peaking at number five of the Billboard 200 albums chart. Usher has sold million digital songs in the United States. To date, his worldwide sales stand at million records overall, making him one of the best-selling music artists.Usher (singer) – Usher during the Division 1 launch party, 2010
37. Stratford, Ontario – Stratford is a city on the Avon River in Perth County in southwestern Ontario, Canada, with a population of 30,886 as of 2011. When the area was first settled in 1832, the river were named after Stratford-upon-Avon, England. It is the seat of Perth County. Stratford was incorporated as a town in 1859 and as a city in 1886. The first mayor was John Corry Wilson Daly and the current mayor is Dan Mathieson. The swan has become a symbol of the city. White swans are released into the Avon River. The town is well known for being the home of the Stratford Shakespeare Festival. The town was originally a railway junction. Furniture manufacturing became an important part of the local economy by the twentieth century. 1828 - Settlement begins. The first sawmill and gristmill are opened. 1849 - The Perth County News is Stratford's first weekly newspaper. 1853 - Perth County is created, with Stratford as its county seat. 1854 - Stratford is incorporated as a village.Stratford, Ontario – City Hall
38. Comedy Central – The channel carries programming, in the form of both original and syndicated series and stand-up comedy specials, as well as feature films. The international channels are operated by Viacom International Media Networks. As of February 2015, approximately 93,992,000 American households receive Comedy Central. On November 1989, Time Warner, owners of HBO, launched The Comedy Channel as the first cable channel devoted exclusively to comedy-based programming. On April 1, 1990, Viacom launched a rival channel called Ha! that featured reruns of situation comedies and some original sketch comedy. The Comedy Channel's programs were broadcast from the HBO Downtown Studios in Manhattan. The format prior to the merger with Ha! In the early days, certain hours of the day when clips were shown without "host segments" were dubbed Short Attention Span Theater. In 1990, Jon Stewart and Patty Rosborough, were introduced. Comedian Marc Maron also hosted the series. Viacom bought out Time Warner's half in April 2003 for $ billion. Ha! LLC, the subsidiary that owned Ha! and Viacom's original half of the network. With the exception of the cult favorite Mystery Science Theater 3000, the channel had a relatively small viewership. A early success was Politically Incorrect with Bill Maher, which after showing promise on Comedy Central was quickly snapped up by ABC.Comedy Central – Comedy Central
39. Ghostwriter – Celebrities, political leaders often hire ghostwriters to draft or edit autobiographies, memoirs, magazine articles, or other written material. In music, ghostwriters are often used to write instrumental pieces. Screenplay authors can also use ghostwriters to either edit or rewrite their scripts to improve them. Ghostwriters may have varying degrees of involvement in the production of a finished work. For some projects, such as creating an autobiography for a celebrity, ghostwriters will do a substantial amount of research. Public officials and politicians employ "correspondence officers" to respond to the large volume of official correspondence. A number of papal encyclicals have been written by ghostwriters. Some college students hire ghostwriters from essay mills to write entrance essays, term papers, dissertations. This is largely considered unethical unless the actual ghostwriting work is just light editing. Ghostwriting also occurs in other creative fields. Ghosting also occurs in popular music. A ghostwriter writes lyrics and a melody in the style of the credited musician. In music, the increasing use of ghostwriters by high-profile hip-hop stars has led to controversy. The division of work between the ghostwriter and the credited author varies a great deal. In some cases, the ghostwriter is hired to edit a rough draft of a mostly completed manuscript.Ghostwriter – The popular demand for Tom Clancy 's action novels exceeded his ability to write new books. As a result, his publisher hired ghostwriters to write novels in the Clancy style.
40. Confessions (Usher album) – Confessions is the fourth studio album by American singer Usher. It was released by Arista Records. Primarily an R&B album, Confessions incorporates musical elements of hip hop and crunk. The album's themes generated controversy about Usher's personal relationships; however, the album's producer Jermaine Dupri claimed the record reflects his personal story. The album became the commercial success in the United States, selling 1.1 million copies in its first week. Its continued success was bolstered by its four chart-topping singles. It was also exemplary in 2004. When he began recording Confessions in 2003, Usher claimed he did not want to work with any new producers. Production began between Usher and Jermaine Dupri, who produced his last two albums, 8701. Every album you gotta grow. You got look for something different." Dupri also invited Bryan-Michael Cox. The album features productions by Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis, Just Usher's brother James Lackey. With recorded songs, Usher felt the album had already been completed. Initially, he submitted the album to Arista.Confessions (Usher album) – Confessions