1. Lana Del Rey – Elizabeth Woolridge Grant, better known by the stage name Lana Del Rey, is an American singer, songwriter, model. Three of the EP's tracks were featured in her short film Tropico, which premiered in December 2013. Following a North American tour with Courtney Love and Grimes, she released Honeymoon. It also received positive critical and commercial response; the album had the fourth highest first week sales by a female artist in 2015. Del Rey has one brother, Charlie. Sr. was a Kidder, Peabody & Co. investment banker, a vice president for Plough, Inc and Textron, venture capitalist. She is of Scottish descent. She began singing in her church choir when she was a child, where she was the cantor. Before becoming a singer, Del Rey wanted to be a poet. During this time, Del Rey's uncle taught her how to play guitar, she "realized could probably write a million songs with those six chords". "I was always singing, but didn't plan on pursuing it seriously", Del Rey said. Del Rey enrolled at Fordham University where she majored in philosophy. Del Rey said she chose to study the subject because it "bridged the gap between God and science... I was interested in God and how technology could bring us closer to finding out where we came from and why". According to Del Rey, she had trouble making friends in boarding school and college, said, ", when my musical experience began.Lana Del Rey – Del Rey performing during the Planeta Terra Music Festival in Brazil, 2013
2. Britney Spears – Britney Jean Spears is an American singer, dancer and actress. Spears's first and second studio albums...Baby One More Time and Oops!... I Did It Again, became international successes, with the former becoming the best-selling album by a teenage solo artist. Title tracks "...Baby One More Time" and "Oops!... I Did It Again" broke international sales records. In 2001, Spears released her self-titled third studio album, Britney, played the starring role in the film Crossroads. She assumed creative control of her fourth studio album, In the Zone, which yielded the worldwide success of the single "Toxic". In 2007, Spears's much-publicized personal issues sent her career into hiatus. Her fifth studio album, Blackout, was released later that year, spawned singles such as "Gimme More" and "Piece of Me". Her erratic behavior and hospitalizations continued through the following year, at which point she was placed under a still ongoing conservatorship. Spears's sixth studio album, Circus, included the international chart-topping single "Womanizer". Her seventh studio album, Femme Fatale, became her first to yield three top-ten singles in the United States. She released her eighth studio album Britney Jean in 2013. Later that year, Spears began the four-year residency show, Britney: Piece of Me, at The AXIS at Planet Hollywood Resort & Casino in Las Vegas. In 2016, Spears released her ninth studio album, Glory.Britney Spears – Spears at the 102.7 KIIS FM Wango Tango concert in Carson, California, May 2013
3. Blue Velvet (film) – Blue Velvet is a 1986 American neo-noir mystery film, written and directed by David Lynch. Blending psychological horror with film noir, the film stars Kyle MacLachlan, Laura Dern. The title is taken from Bobby Vinton's 1963 song of the same name. De Laurentiis Entertainment Group, owned by Italian film producer Dino De Laurentiis, agreed to finance and produce the film. Blue Velvet initially received a divided critical response, with many stating that its objectionable content served little artistic purpose. It came to achieve status. Publications including Sight & Sound, BBC Magazine have ranked it among the greatest American films of all time. In 2008, Blue Velvet was chosen by the American Film Institute as one of the greatest American mystery films ever made. Jeffrey Beaumont returns to his logging home town of Lumberton, North Carolina from Oak Lake College after his father suffers a near-fatal stroke. While walking home from the hospital, he cuts through a vacant lot and discovers a severed ear. Jeffrey becomes reacquainted with Sandy. She tells a suspicious woman, Dorothy Vallens, who may be connected to the case. Jeffrey and Sandy attend Dorothy's act, in which she sings "Blue Velvet", leave so Jeffrey can sneak into her apartment to snoop. He hurriedly hides in a closet when she returns home. However, Dorothy, wielding a knife, discovers him and threatens to kill him.Blue Velvet (film) – Theatrical release poster
4. Courtney Love – Courtney Michelle Love is an American musician, actress, visual artist. Prolific in the grunge scenes of the 1990s, Love's career has spanned four decades. Love rose as the frontwoman of the alternative rock band Hole, which she formed in 1989. After forming Hole in 1989, Love received substantial attention for the group's debut album, produced by Kim Gordon. Hole's second release, Live Through This, lent her high-profile renown with multi-platinum sales. In 1995, Love returned to acting, earning a Golden Globe Award nomination for her performance in Miloš Forman's The People vs. Larry Flynt, which established her as a mainstream actress. She saw further mainstream success with the release of Hole's third album, Celebrity Skin, nominated for multiple Grammy Awards. Love returned with Nobody's Daughter, a new album as Hole but without any members of the original lineup. Between 2015, Love released two solo singles and returned to acting in the network series Empire and Sons of Anarchy. Love's godfather is the founding Grateful Dead bassist Phil Lesh. Her mother, adopted as a child, was later revealed to be the biological daughter of novelist Paula Fox. Love's great-grandmother was screenwriter Elsie Fox. Love is of English descent. She described her parents' household as being full of "wangly-ass hippies running around naked."Courtney Love – Love performing at Austin, Texas, in 2010.
5. Erik Satie – Éric Alfred Leslie Satie, who signed his name Erik Satie after 1884, was a French composer and pianist. Satie was a colourful figure in the 20th century Parisian avant-garde. His work was a precursor to later artistic movements such as minimalism, Surrealism, the Theatre of the Absurd. An eccentric, Satie was introduced shortly before writing his most famous compositions, the Gymnopédies. Satie was the son of Alfred Satie and his wife Jane Leslie, born in London to Scottish parents. Erik was born in Normandy; his home there is open to the public. When Satie was four years old, his family moved to Paris, his father having been offered a translator's job in the capital. After his mother's death in 1872, he was sent, together with Conrad, back to Honfleur to live with his paternal grandparents. There he received his first music lessons from a local organist. In 1878, the two brothers were reunited in Paris with their father, who remarried shortly afterwards. From the early 1880s onwards, Satie started publishing salon compositions among others. In 1879, Satie entered the Paris Conservatoire, where he was soon labelled untalented by his teachers. His professor of piano at the Conservatoire, described his pupil's piano technique in flatly negative terms, "insignificant and laborious" and "worthless". Émile Decombes called him "the laziest student in the Conservatoire". Years later, Satie related that Mathias, with great insistence, told him that his real talent lay in composing.Erik Satie – Erik Satie
6. Federico Fellini – Federico Fellini was an Italian film director and screenwriter. Known for baroque images with earthiness, he is recognized as one of the most influential filmmakers of all time. His films have ranked, as some of the greatest films of all time. Sight & Sound lists his 1963 film 1/2 as the 10th greatest film of all time. In 1993, he was awarded an honorary Oscar for Lifetime Achievement in Los Angeles. Fellini was born on 20 January 1920, to middle-class parents in Rimini, then a small town on the Adriatic Sea. Ida Barbiani, came from a bourgeiois Catholic family of Roman merchants. Despite her family's vehement disapproval, she had eloped with Urbano in 1917 to live at his parents' home in Gambettola. A civil marriage followed with the religious ceremony held at Santa Maria Maggiore in Rome a year later. The couple settled in Rimini where Urbano became wholesale vendor. Fellini had three siblings: a documentary director for RAI Television, Skyler Allen, Maria Maddalena. In 1926, he discovered the world of Grand Guignol, the movies. The first film he saw, would mark him in ways linked to Dante and the cinema throughout his entire career. Enrolled at the Ginnasio Giulio Cesare in 1929, he made friends with Luigi ‘Titta’ Benzi, later a prominent Rimini lawyer. In Mussolini's Italy, Fellini and Riccardo became members of the compulsory Fascist youth group for males.Federico Fellini – Federico Fellini
7. Marilyn Manson (band) – Marilyn Manson is an American rock band formed by singer Marilyn Manson and guitarist Daisy Berkowitz in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, in 1989. Originally named the Spooky Kids, they gained a local cult following in South Florida in the early 1990s with their live performances. In 1993, they were the first act signed to Trent Reznor's Nothing Records label. In the past, band members engaged in intentionally shocking behavior both off. Their lyrics often received criticism to violence and drugs while their live performances were frequently called offensive and obscene. They released a number of platinum-selling albums, including Antichrist Superstar and Mechanical Animals. These albums, along with their highly-stylized music videos and worldwide touring, brought public recognition to Marilyn Manson. In 1999, news media falsely blamed the band for influencing the perpetrators of the Columbine massacre. As this controversy began to wane throughout the 2000s, so did the band's mainstream popularity. Despite this, Jon Wiederhorn in June 2003, referred as "the only true artist today". VH1 ranked Marilyn Manson as the seventy-eighth best rock band on their 100 Great Artists of Hard Rock. They were inducted into the Kerrang! Hall of Fame in 2000, have been nominated for four Grammy Awards. In the US, the band has seen eight of its releases debut in the top ten, including two number-one albums. Marilyn Manson have sold in excess of 50 million records worldwide.Marilyn Manson (band) – Marilyn Manson performing in 2012.
8. Trip hop – Trip hop is a subgenre of electronic music that originated in the early 1990s in the United Kingdom, especially Bristol. It also contains elements of R&B, house, as well as other electronic music. Trip hop can be highly experimental. DJs, MCs, graffiti artists grouped together into informal soundsystems. Bristol's DJs, drawing heavily on Jamaican dub music, typically used a laid-back, slow and heavy drum beat. Another influence came from Gary Clail's Tackhead soundsystem. Clail often worked with former The Pop Group singer Mark Stewart. Produced by Adrian Sherwood, the music sounded like a premature version of what later became trip hop. In the 1990s, Janet Jackson brought trip hop with the song "If". Several songs on her "Janet." and "The Velvet Rope" used this genre of music, Songs like Got'Til It's Gone and You. Massive Attack's first album Blue Lines was released to huge success in the UK. Massive Attack released their second album entitled Protection in 1994. The term hop was coined that year, but not in reference to anything on the Massive Attack albums. In 1993, Icelandic musician Björk released Debut, produced by Wild Bunch member Nellee Hooper. She was romantically involved with trip hop musician Tricky.Trip hop – Massive Attack, a British trip hop group that helped bring the genre to mainstream success in the 1990s
9. 1985 – The year 1985 was designated as the International Youth Year by the United Nations. The Internet's Domain Name System is created. Greenland is withdrawn from the European Economic Community. January 15 – Tancredo Neves is elected president of Brazil by the Congress, ending the 21-year military rule. January 17 – British Telecom announces it is going to phase out its famous red telephone boxes. January 20 – Ronald Reagan is privately sworn in for a second term as President of the United States. January 21 – President Ronald Reagan is publicly sworn in. January 27 – The Economic Cooperation Organization is formed. January 28 – In Hollywood, the charity single "We Are the World" is recorded by USA for Africa. February 4 – The border between Gibraltar and Spain reopens for the first time since Francisco Franco closed it in 1969. February 5 – Australia cancels its involvement in U.S.-led MX missile tests. February 12 – Rafael Addiego Bruno is sworn in as interim President of Uruguay. February 14 – CNN reporter Jeremy Levin is freed from captivity in Lebanon. February 16 Israel begins withdrawing troops from Lebanon. The ideology of Hezbollah is declared in a "program" issued in Beirut.1985 – Live Aid at JFK Stadium in Philadelphia
10. Jessica Lange – Jessica Phyllis Lange is an American actress who has received worldwide acclaim for her work in film, theater, television. In 2016, Lange became the twenty-second thespian in history to achieve the Triple Crown of Acting. Lange was discovered by producer Dino De Laurentiis while modeling part-time for the Wilhelmina modelling agency. In 2010, she won her first Primetime Emmy Award for her portrayal of Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis' famed aunt, Big Edie, in HBO's Grey Gardens. In addition to acting, Lange is a photographer with three published works. She was born on April 1949. Dorothy Florence, was a housewife. Lange has a younger brother, George. Her paternal ancestry originates in Germany and the Netherlands, while her maternal ancestry originates in Finland. Due to the nature of her father's professions, her early home life was chaotic. The couple then moved to Paris, where they drifted apart. While in Paris, Lange studied mime theatre under the supervision of Étienne Decroux, joined the Opéra-Comique as a dancer. In 1973, Lange began work in Greenwich Village. Lange made her professional film debut in 1976's King Kong, beating out actresses Meryl Streep and Goldie Hawn for the role of damsel in distress. However, renowned critic Pauline Kael praised her, noting, "The movie is sparked by Jessica Lange's dreamy comic style.Jessica Lange – Lange at the 66th Primetime Emmy Awards
11. Glastonbury Festival – Glastonbury Festival is a five-day festival of contemporary performing arts that takes place near Pilton, Somerset. In addition to contemporary music, the festival hosts dance, comedy, theatre, circus, cabaret, other arts. Leading pop and rock artists have headlined, alongside thousands of others appearing on smaller stages and performance areas. The festival receives coverage. The majority of staff are volunteers, helping the festival to raise millions of pounds for good causes. Regarded as a major event in British culture, the festival is inspired by the ethos of the hippie, counterculture, free festival movements. It retains vestiges of these traditions, such as the Green Fields area, which includes sections known as the Green Futures and Healing Fields. After the 1970s, the festival took place almost every year and grew in size, with the number of attendees sometimes being swollen by gatecrashers. The festival retains vestiges of this tradition such as the Green Fields area, encompassing the Green Futures and Healing Field. Tickets were £1. Billed acts of note were Al Stewart. The 1971 festival featured the first incarnation of the "Pyramid Stage". Performers included David Bowie, Mighty Baby, Traffic, Fairport Convention, Gong, Melanie. It embraced a mediaeval tradition of music, dance, poetry, spontaneous entertainment. The 1971 festival was filmed by Nicolas Roeg and David Puttnam and was released as a film called simply Glastonbury Fayre.Glastonbury Festival
12. Lake Placid, New York – Lake Placid is a village in the Adirondack Mountains in Essex County, New York, United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 2,521. The village of Lake Placid is near the center of the town of 50 miles southwest of Plattsburgh. Lake Placid, along with nearby Saranac Lake and Tupper Lake, comprise what is known as the Tri-Lakes region. Lake Placid hosted the 1980 Winter Olympics. Lake Placid also hosted the 2000 Winter Goodwill Games. Lake Placid was founded in the 19th century to develop an iron ore mining operation. By 1840, the population of "North Elba", was six families. He demonstrated his support of Abolitionism. The abolitionist John Brown left his anti-slavery activities in Kansas to buy 244 acres of land here. This parcel later became known as the "Freed Slave Utopian Experiment," Timbucto. Shortly before his execution in 1859, John Brown asked to be buried on his farm, preserved as the John Brown Farm State Historic Site. Melvil Dewey, who invented the Dewey Decimal System, designed what was then called "Placid Park Club" in 1895. This inspired the village to change its name to Lake Placid, which became an incorporated village in 1900. Dewey kept the club open through the winter in 1905, which aided the development of winter sports in the area.Lake Placid, New York – Lake Placid lake
13. Hole (band) – Hole was an American alternative rock band, formed in Los Angeles, California in 1989 by singer and guitarist Courtney Love and lead guitarist Eric Erlandson. The band had a revolving line-up of bassists and drummers, bassists Kristen Pfaff and Melissa Auf der Maur. The more polished Celebrity Skin, garnered them four Grammy nominations. In 2002 the group disbanded to pursue other projects. In 2010, Hole was reformed by Love despite Erlandson's claim that the reformation breached a mutual contract he had with Love. The reformed band released the Nobody's Daughter. Hole formed after Eric Erlandson responded to an advertisement placed in the summer of 1989. The advertisement simply read: "I want to start a band. My influences are Big Black, Fleetwood Mac." "She called me up and talked my ear off," said Erlandson. "I saw her and I thought "Oh, God. No, What am I getting myself into?" She's like "I know you're the right one", I hadn't even opened my mouth yet." In retrospect, Love was an "intensely weird, good guitarist." Love had lived a nomadic life prior, living in various cities along the west coast.Hole (band) – Courtney Love performing with Hole at Big Day Out, Melbourne, January 22, 1995
14. Olympia (Paris) – Olympia is a music hall located in the 9th arrondissement of Paris, France. Located at No. 28, Boulevard des Capucines, its closest métro/RER stations are Madeleine, Opéra, Havre – Caumartin and Auber. Founded by Joseph Oller, the creator of the Moulin Rouge, today easily recognizable by its giant red glowing letters announcing its name. It was renamed the Olympia in 1893. Besides musicians, the Olympia played host including circuses, ballets, operettas. However, from 1929 until 1944 it served as a movie theater. Thereafter, at times it may have reverted to movies again until Bruno Coquatrix revived it with a grand re-opening in February 1954. Édith Piaf achieved great acclaim at the Olympia giving several series of recitals from January 1955 until October 1962. Before coming to America, the Beatles performed eighteen days of concerts at the Olympia Theatre, playing two and sometimes a day. 1961 and 1964 concerts at L'Olympia are legendary and preserved to this day on new CD releases. Marlene Dietrich's 1962 Olympia concert was broadcast. On May 3 -- 1972, The Grateful Dead played two concerts here as part of their first major European tour. Songs from each were released on their 1972 live album "Europe' 72". It was released on the 2004 DVD, Live Monsters.Olympia (Paris) – Façade of music, shown at night (c. 2009)
15. NME – New Musical Express is a British music journalism magazine published since 1952. It was the British paper to include a singles chart, in the edition of 14 November 1952. In the 1970s it became the British music newspaper. It gradually moved toward a magazine format during the 1980s and 1990s, changing from newsprint in 1998. An online version of NME, NME.com, was launched in 1996. It became the world's biggest standalone site, with over seven million users per month. With newsstand sales falling across the UK sector, the magazine's paid circulation in the first half of 2014 was 15,830. Following a successful transformation, NME magazine was relaunched in September 2015 as a nationally-distributed free publication. NME's headquarters are in London, England. The brand's editor-in-chief is Mike Williams, who replaced Krissi Murison in 2012. The paper was established in 1952. It was initially published in a non-glossy tabloid format on standard newsprint. The first one was "Here in My Heart" by Al Martino. During the 1960s the paper championed the British groups emerging at the time. The NME circulation peaked under Andy Gray, Editor 1957 -- 1972, with a figure of 306,881 to June 1964.NME – Cover featuring Patti Smith for the week of 21 February 1976
16. Beat Generation – The bulk of their work was published and popularized throughout the 1950s. Allen Ginsberg's Howl, William S. Burroughs's Naked Lunch and Jack Kerouac's On the Road are among the best known examples of Beat literature. Both Howl and Naked Lunch were the focus of obscenity trials that ultimately helped to liberalize publishing in the United States. The members of the Beat Generation developed a reputation as new bohemian hedonists, who celebrated non-conformity and spontaneous creativity. In the 1960s, elements of the expanding movement were incorporated into larger counterculture movements. Neal Cassady, as the driver for Ken Kesey's bus, Further, was the primary bridge between these two generations. Allen Ginsberg's work also became an integral element of early 1960s hippie culture. Marion Paul introduced the phrase "Generation" in 1948 to characterize a perceived underground, anti-conformist movement in New York. The name arose in a conversation with writer John Clellon Holmes. Kerouac allows that it was street hustler Herbert Huncke who originally used the phrase "beat", in an earlier discussion with him. The origins of the Beat Generation can be traced to the meeting of Kerouac, Ginsberg, Lucien Carr, others. Jack Kerouac attended Columbia on a football scholarship. Though the beats are usually regarded as anti-academic, many of their ideas were formed to professors like Mark Van Doren. Classmates Carr and Ginsberg discussed the need for a "New Vision", to counteract what they perceived as their teachers' conservative, formalistic literary ideals. Burroughs got involved in dealing stolen narcotics.Beat Generation – Lawrence Ferlinghetti
17. Leaves of Grass – Leaves of Grass is a poetry collection by the American poet Walt Whitman. This resulted in the last a compilation of over 400. The poems of Leaves of Grass are loosely connected, with each representing Whitman's celebration of his philosophy of humanity. This book is notable for its discussion of delight in sensual pleasures during a time when such candid displays were considered immoral. Influenced by the Transcendentalist movement, itself an offshoot of Romanticism, Whitman's poetry praises nature and the individual human's role in it. With one exception, the poems do not follow standard rules for meter and line length. Among the poems in the collection are "Song of Myself", "I Sing the Body Electric", "Out of the Cradle Endlessly Rocking". Later editions included Whitman's elegy to the assassinated President Abraham Lincoln, "When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom'd". Whitman was subject to derision by many contemporary critics. Over time, the collection has been recognized as one of the central works of American poetry. Whitman, reading the essay, consciously set out to answer Emerson's call as he began work on the first edition of Leaves of Grass. Whitman, however, downplayed Emerson's influence, stating, "I was simmering, simmering; Emerson brought me to a boil". The shop was located at Cranberry Street, now the site of apartment buildings that bear Whitman's name. Whitman did much of the typesetting for the first edition himself. Early advertisements for the first edition appealed to "lovers of literary curiosities" as an oddity.Leaves of Grass – Frontispiece of the 1883 edition of Leaves of Grass.
18. The Crystals – The latter three songs were originally ranked #267, #114, #493, respectively, on Rolling Stone magazine's list of The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time. However, two songs were dropped from the magazine's 2010 update. Soon, the quintet signed with Phil Spector's label Philles Records. The gospel-influenced "There's No Other", debuted on the Billboard Hot 100 in November 1961. Originally the B-side to "Yeah, Maybe Baby", the stirring pop ballad was co-written by Spector and Leroy Bates and featured Barbara Alston on vocals. The single reached number 20 in January 1962, marking an auspicious debut for Spector's Philles label. Cynthia Weil's "Uptown" gave the girls their second radio hit. After the success of "Uptown", a pregnant Giraud was replaced by Dolores "LaLa" Brooks. Love and the Blossoms were also based in L.A. so Spector recorded and released their version under the Crystals' banner. It was not the first time Spector would release it under the Crystals. Ironically, Liberty Records president Al Bennett had previously hired Spector as a staff producer and director. The song had originally been offered to The Shirelles, who turned it down because of the anti-establishment lyrics. It marked a shift in girl thematic material, where the singer loves a "bad boy", a theme that would be amplified by later groups. "He's a Rebel" was the Crystals' only US #1 hit. Their follow-up single, "He's Sure the Boy Love", in actuality also featured Love and the Blossoms.The Crystals – The Crystals in 1963
19. Jeff Buckley – Jeffrey Scott "Jeff" Buckley, raised as Scott "Scottie" Moorhead, was an American singer-songwriter and guitarist. In 2004, Rolling Stone listed him on their list of greatest singers of all time. Over the following two years, the band toured widely to promote Europe, Japan, Australia. In 1996, they made sporadic attempts to record Buckley's second album in New York City with Tom Verlaine as producer. His work remain popular and are regularly featured in "greatest" lists in the music press. Born in Orange, California, Buckley was the only son of Tim Buckley. Buckley had a half-brother, Corey Moorhead. Buckley moved many times around Orange County while growing up with a single mother, an upbringing Buckley called "rootless trailer trash". As a child, Buckley was known as Scott "Scottie" Moorhead based on his stepfather's surname. To members of his family he remained "Scottie". Buckley was brought up around music. His mother was a classically trained cellist. His stepfather introduced him at an early age. Buckley grew up singing with his mother later noting that all his family sang. He began playing guitar after discovering an acoustic guitar in his grandmother's closet.Jeff Buckley – Jeff Buckley
20. Lana Turner – Lana Turner was an American film and television actress. Turner attracted attention in her first film, LeRoy's They Won't Forget, she later starred in featured roles, often as an ingenue. During the early 1940s, Somewhere I'll Find You. Turner spent most of the early 1980s in semiretirement, only working occasionally. Turner died from throat cancer in 1995, aged 74. Turner was born in the small town of Wallace, Idaho. She had Irish ancestry. Until her career took off, young Julia Turner was known to family and friends as "Judy". Hard times eventually forced the family to relocate to San Francisco, where her parents soon separated. On December 1930, her father won some money at a traveling craps game, stuffed his winnings in his left sock, headed for home. The murder were never solved. Soon after, her mother was advised by her doctor to move to a drier climate. With her 10-year-old daughter, she moved in 1931. Turner attended a Catholic church with a local family. She converted to Catholicism taking the saints names "Mildred Frances" after her mother.Lana Turner – Turner in a publicity photo for Slightly Dangerous (1943)
21. Giorgio Moroder – Giovanni Giorgio Moroder is an Italian singer, songwriter, DJ and record producer. He is frequently credited with pioneering Italo disco and electronic music. When in Munich in the 1970s, he started his own label called Oasis Records, which several years later became a subdivision of Casablanca Records. He also composed the soundtrack for Midnight Express, which won an Academy Award and contained the international hit "Chase". In 1990 Moroder composed the official theme song of the 1990 FIFA World Cup. He has stated that the work of which he is most proud is Berlin's "Take Away". This song and "Flashdance... What a Feeling" earned him the Academy Award for Best Original Song in 1986 and 1983. He was born April 1940 in Urtijëi in South Tyrol, Italy. Moroder came in 1969 when his recording "Looky Looky", released on Ariola Records, was awarded a gold disc in October 1970. Moroder then made a name in studios around Germany in the early 1970s. That same year he produced the seminal Donna Summer hit single I Feel Love. He released "Chase", the theme from the film Midnight Express. Everywhere disco-mania was spreading. In 1979 he released his E = MC ².Giorgio Moroder – Giorgio Moroder at Melt! Festival 2015.
22. Polydor Records – Polydor is a British record label and company, that operates as part of Universal Music Group. It has a close relationship with Universal's Interscope Geffen A&M label, which distributes Polydor's releases in the United States. In turn, Polydor distributes Interscope releases in the United Kingdom. Polydor Records Ltd. was established in 1954 British subsidiary in London by German Deutsche Grammophon GmbH. It was renamed in 1972 to Polydor Ltd. Polydor label was founded 2 April 1913 by German Polyphon-Musikwerke AG in Leipzig and registered 25. of July 1914. During World War I 24. of April 1917 Polyphon-Musikwerke AG acquired the German Deutsche Grammophon-Aktiengesellschaft record plant and company from German government. The German state was taken over Grammophon and the British holdings as enemies property during World War I. Polydor was originally an independent branch of the Polyphon-Grammophon-Konzern group. It was used as an export label since 1924. The British and German branches of the Gramophone Company were so departed during World War I. In turn, Deutsche Grammophon records exported out of Germany were released on the Polyphon Musik and Polydor labels. The new foreign branches were founded for example into Austria, Denmark, Sweden and France. Polydor became a popular music label in 1946, while the new Deutsche Grammophon Gesellschaft label was to become a classical music label in 1949. The previous used label Grammophon was disbanded.Polydor Records – 1920s vintage Polydor export label with its double-horn gramophone logo
23. Rapper's Delight – "Rapper's Delight" is a hip-hop song recorded and released in September 1979 by The Sugarhill Gang, produced by Sylvia Robinson. Robinson also played the vibraphone on the track. It is also included in NPR's list of the 100 most important musical works of the 20th century. It was preserved into the National Recording Registry in 2011. Songs on the National Recording Registry are "aesthetically significant." The song was recorded in a single take. There are three versions of the original version of the song: 14:35, 4:55. Rodgers experienced this event in the Bronx. On September 20 and 1979, Blondie and Chic were playing concerts with The Clash in New York at The Palladium. Rodgers approached the DJ who said he was playing a record he had just bought that day in Harlem. The song turned out to be an early version of "Rapper's Delight", which also included a scratched version of the song's section. Rodgers and Edwards immediately threatened legal action over copyright, which resulted in their being credited as co-writers. He also stated: "as ` Good Times' was, ` Rapper's Delight' was just as much, if not more so." A substantial portion of the early stanzas of the song's lyrics was borrowed from "Grandmaster Caz". Curtis Fisher who had loaned his'book' to him — these include a namecheck for "Casanova Fly", Caz's full stage name.Rapper's Delight – "Rapper's Delight"
24. Nina Simone – Born in the sixth child of a preacher, she aspired to be a pianist. With the help of the few supporters in her hometown of Tryon, North Carolina, she enrolled in the Juilliard School of Music in New York. Waymon then applied for a scholarship to study at the prestigious Curtis Institute of Music in Philadelphia, where she was denied despite a well-received audition. Simone became fully convinced this rejection had been entirely due to her race, a statement, a matter of controversy. Years later, two days before her death, the Curtis Institute of Music bestowed an honorary degree on Simone. To make a living, Eunice Waymon changed her name to "Nina Simone". This effectively launched her career as a vocalist. Simone's musical style accompanied jazz-like singing in her contralto voice. She was raised in North Carolina. Demonstrating a talent with the instrument, she performed at her local church. But her concert debut, a classical recital, was given when she was 12. Mary Kate Waymon, was a housemaid. John Divine Waymon, was a handyman who also suffered bouts of ill health. Simone's music teacher helped establish a special fund to pay for her education. Subsequently, a local fund was set up to assist her continued education.Nina Simone – Simone in 1965
26. Hollywood Bowl – The Hollywood Bowl is an amphitheater located in Hollywood, California. The shell is set against the famous Hollywood Sign to the Northeast. The "bowl" refers to the shape of the concave hillside the amphitheater is carved into. It is located at south of Route 101. The Reeds selected a natural amphitheater, popular picnic spot known as ` Daisy Dell' in Bolton Canyon. On November 1921 the first Sunrise Service took place at the bowl, in one of its first major events. The Bowl officially opened on July 1922. In 1926, a group known as the Allied Architects was contracted providing permanent seating and a shell. For the 1927 season, Lloyd Wright, built a pyramidal shell, with a vaguely Southwestern look, out of left-over lumber from a production of Robin Hood. It did, however, get a second chance, this time with the stipulation that the shell was to have an arch shape. For the 1929 season, the Allied Architects built the shell that stood until 2003, using a transite skin over a frame. Sculptor George Stanley designed the Muse Fountain. He had previously done the Oscar statuette. Preservationists fiercely opposed the demolition for many years, citing the shell's storied history. However, even when it was built, the 1929 shell was only the third-best shell in the Bowl's history, behind its two immediate predecessors.Hollywood Bowl – Hollywood Bowl in 2005 (with Hollywood Sign in background)
27. Maxim (magazine) – Maxim has a circulation of about 9 million readers each month. Maxim Digital reaches each month. Maxim magazine publishes 16 editions, sold in 75 countries worldwide. Maxim has expanded into other countries, including Australia. In 1999, MaximOnline.com was created. "Maxim Video" contains video clips of interviews, music videos, original content. On February 2005, Maxim Radio, featuring male-oriented talk programming, debuted on Sirius Satellite Radio. Following the Sirius-XM merger in late 2008, the channel is now known as Sirius XM Stars Too. The land was sold to MGM Mirage. In July 2009, Maxim partnered for the first-ever Maxim UFC Octagon Girl Search at the UFC Fan Expo. The winner was Natasha Wicks. Quadrangle Group gave up in Alpha Media Group in August 2009 making Cerberus Capital Management the majority partner. Darden was unable to raise the money. Calvin Darden, Jr. was later charged with fraud relating to the transaction. Maximum Warrior debuted as an online reality competition that tests ten of America's most elite military operators in ten military-inspired challenges.Maxim (magazine) – April 2014 Maxim cover
28. Lollapalooza – It has also provided a platform for non-profit and political groups and various visual artists. From its inception through 1997 and its revival in 2003, the festival toured North America. In 2004, the festival organizers decided to expand the dates to two days per city, but poor ticket sales forced the 2004 tour to be canceled. The music festival hosts more than 160,000 people over a two- or three-day period. Lollapalooza is broadcast live and globally on Red Bull TV. Its earliest known use was in 1896. In time the term also came to refer to a large lollipop. Farrell, searching for a name for his festival, liked the euphonious quality of the by-then-antiquated term upon hearing it in a Three Stooges short film. Paying homage to the term's double meaning, a character in the festival's original logo holds one of the lollipops. The suffix "palooza" is often used to imply that crowd was made over e.g.: "Parks" - "Nipple" - apalooza, etc.. Another key concept behind Lollapalooza was the inclusion of non-musical features. Performers like the Shaolin monks stretched the boundaries of traditional culture. There was a tent for display of information tables for environmental non-profit groups promoting counter-culture and political awareness. It was at Lollapalooza where Farrell coined the term "Alternative Nation". Rock standbys like surfing became part of the canon of the concerts.Lollapalooza – Lollapalooza 2011.
29. CBGB – CBGB was a New York City music club opened in 1973 by Hilly Kristal in Manhattan's East Village. The club was previously a bar and before, a dive bar. From the early 1980s onward, CBGB was known for punk. One storefront beside CBGB became the "CBGB Record Canteen", café. In the late 1980s, "CBGB Record Canteen" was converted into an art gallery and second space, "CB's 313 Gallery". On the other side, CBGB was operating bar in the mid-1990s, which served classic New York pizza, among other items. The club closed on October 15, 2006. CBGB music festivals began in 2012. In 2013, 315 Bowery, was added to the National Register of Historic Places as part of the National Bowery Historic District. CBGB was founded on the site of Kristal's earlier bar, Hilly's on the Bowery, that he ran from 1969 to 1972. Initially, Kristal focused on his more profitable East Village nightspot, Hilly's, which Kristal closed from the bar's neighbors. After Hilly's closure, Kristal focused on the Bowery club. Its full name—CBGB & OMFUG—stands for "Country, Bluegrass, Blues and Other Music for Uplifting Gormandizers". Although a gormandizer is usually a ravenous eater of food, what Kristal meant is "a voracious eater of…music". Kristal's intended theme of country, bluegrass, music along with poetry readings yielded to the American movement in punk rock.CBGB – CBGB
30. Daniel Johnston – Daniel Dale Johnston is an American singer-songwriter, musician, artist. He was the subject of The Devil and Daniel Johnston. He has been diagnosed with schizophrenia. Johnston has been regarded as an important figure in outsider, alternative music scenes. He grew up in New Cumberland, West Virginia. Johnston is the youngest of five children of Mabel Ruth Voyles Johnston. Johnston began recording music in the late 1970s on a $ Sanyo monaural Boombox, singing and playing piano as well as the chord organ. Following graduation from Oak Glen High School, he soon dropped out. Johnston's musical work gained some notability when he moved to Austin, Texas. Live performances were hotly anticipated. Subsequently, Johnston performed at the 1985 Woodshock festival in Austin, where he was featured in a short documentary of the festival, Woodshock. In 1988, he recorded 1990 with producer Kramer at his Noise New York studio. It was released on Kramer's Shimmy-Disc label. This was Johnston's first experience in a professional environment after a decade of releasing home-made cassette recordings. His mental health further deteriorated during the making of 1990.Daniel Johnston – Johnston in December 2006
31. Interscope Records – Interscope Records is an American record company. At the time, it differed by giving decision-making authority to its A&R staff, allowing artists and producers complete creative control. It had its first hit records less than a year after it was founded and achieved profitability in 1993. In 1992, Interscope acquired the exclusive rights to distribute the hardcore rap label Death Row. Albums by Death Row artists included rappers Tupac Shakur, Snoop Dogg were at the center of the mid -'90s gangsta rap controversy. As a result, Time Warner severed ties by selling its 50 percent stake back to Field and Iovine for $115 million in 1995. In 1996, 50 % of the label was acquired for a reported $200 million. Iovine served until May 2014. He was succeeded by John Janick. Interscope is headquartered in California. The label's best-selling artists include Eminem, Lady Gaga. In 1989, Ted Field began to build Interscope Records as a division of Interscope Communications. Separately, Iovine, who had produced records among others, was trying to raise money to start a label. "I thought, ` Music is going to change,' Iovine said in 1997." "'Young bands aren't going to be asking for me.'Interscope Records – Interscope Records
32. Chateau Marmont Hotel – Chateau Marmont is a hotel located at 8221 Sunset Boulevard in Los Angeles, California. The hotel was completed in 1929. It was modeled loosely after a royal retreat in France's Loire Valley. The hotel has 63 suites. In 1926, a prominent Los Angeles attorney, chose the site at Marmont Lane and Sunset Boulevard to construct an apartment building. Horowitz had recently returned to California with photos of a Gothic Chateau along the Loire River. In 1927, Horowitz commissioned European-trained architect Arnold A. Weitzman, to design the seven-story, L-shaped building based on his French photos. On February 1929, Chateau Marmont opened its doors to the public as the newest residence of Hollywood. For the inaugural reception, over 300 people passed including local press. In 1931, Chateau Marmont was converted into a hotel. The apartments became suites with living rooms. The property was also refurbished with antiques from depression-era estate sales. Constructed to be earthquake proof, Chateau Marmont survived major earthquakes in 1933, 1953, 1971, 1987 and 1994 without sustaining any major structural damage. Craig Ellwood designed two of the four bungalows in 1956, after he completed Case Study Houses. During the 1930s, the hotel was managed by silent film actress Ann Little.Chateau Marmont Hotel – Chateau Marmont
33. Brit Awards – The Brit Awards are the British Phonographic Industry's annual pop music awards. The name was originally a shortened form of "British", "Britain" or "Britannia", but subsequently became a backronym for British Record Industry Trusts Show. In addition, an equivalent awards ceremony for classical music, called the Classic Brit Awards, is held each May. Robbie Williams holds another five as part of Take That. The awards began under the auspices of the BPI. In 1989 they were renamed the Brit Awards. MasterCard has been the long-term sponsor of the event. The Brit Awards were broadcast live until 1989, when Samantha Fox and Mick Fleetwood hosted a widely criticised show in which little went as rehearsed. In subsequent years, the event was recorded and broadcast the following night. From 2007, the Brit Awards reverted on February on ITV. On 18 the venue for the BRITs was again the Earls Court, London. The Brit Awards were held at The O2 in London for the first time in 2011. The Brit Award statuette given to the winners features Britannia, the female personification of Britain. The first awards ceremony was as "The BRITish Record Industry BRITannia Awards", to was televised by Thames Television. There have been 36 editions to date.Brit Awards – The entrance to Earls Court in London on the evening of the 2008 BRIT Awards ceremony.
34. Chevrolet Hall (Belo Horizonte) – Chevrolet Hall is a convention centre in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, created by the Marist Brothers institution UBEE, the Brazilian Association of Education and Teaching. The goal was to create an environment with a great diversity of spaces. The original deadline was December 1998. However, the building did not open until June 25, 2003. Further dissatisfaction came when Chevrolet began to sponsor the center in 2005; as a result the place changed its name to Chevrolet Hall. The sports facilities conform to official international rules. Dom Silvério Theater has a capacity of 400 people. Incubus The Offspring Official websiteChevrolet Hall (Belo Horizonte) – Chevrolet Hall
35. Rick Rubin – Frederick Jay "Rick" Rubin is an American record producer and former co-president of Columbia Records. Along with Russell Simmons, Rubin is the co-founder of Def Jam Records and also established American Recordings. With the Beastie Boys, Run -- D.M.C. Rubin helped popularize hip hop music. Frederick Jay Rubin grew up in New York. His father, Michael was a shoe wholesaler and his mother, Linda a housewife. Their biggest claim to fame was being thrown off the stage at CBGB after two songs for brawling with the heckling audience. These hecklers were friends of the band instructed to instigate a confrontation as to create a buzz. Somewhat anecdotally, this story was confirmed in an interview with music journalist Zane Lowe. During his senior year, Rubin founded Def Jam Records using the school's four-track recorder. He moved on to form Hose, influenced by San Francisco's Flipper. In 1982, a Hose track became no label. The band broke up in 1986 as Rubin's passion moved towards the NYC scene. Having befriended Zulu Nation's DJ Jazzy Jay, he began to learn about production. By 1983, the two men released it on Def Jam Records. Producer Arthur Baker helped to distribute the record worldwide on Baker's Streetwise Records in 1984.Rick Rubin – Rubin, September 14, 2006, Abbey Road Studios, London, working with U2
36. Pabst Blue Ribbon – Pabst Blue Ribbon is an American lager beer sold by Pabst Brewing Company, established in Milwaukee, Wisconsin in 1844 and currently based in Los Angeles. Originally called Best Select, then Pabst Select, the current name comes from the blue ribbons tied around the neck between 1882 and 1916. In 1889, Schandein died, leaving his widow, Lisette Schandein, as vice-president. In 1890, the Pabst Brewing Company officially began. Whether the brand actually won an award in 1893 is unclear. Some contemporaneous accounts indicate that many vendors were frustrated to award such prizes. The ribbons were likely added at great cost to Pabst. But Pabst's display of pride was also a display of savvy, as Patrons started asking their bartenders for the blue ribbon beer. Sales of Pabst peaked in 1977. In 1996, the company ended beer production at its main complex there. By 2001, the brand's sales were below a million barrels. The company got a new CEO, Brian Kovalchuk, formerly the CFO of Benetton, major changes at the company's marketing department were made. In 2010, food industry executive C. Dean Metropoulos bought the company for a reported $250 million. In 2011, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission forced two advertising executives to cease efforts to raise $ million to buy the Pabst Brewing Company.Pabst Blue Ribbon – A 1911 advertisement showing a blue ribbon tied around the bottle
37. Fordham University – Fordham University is a private, nonprofit, coeducational research university in New York City, United States. Fordham is composed of ten constituent colleges, four of which are for undergraduates and six of which are for postgraduates. It enrolls approximately 15,000 students across three campuses in New York State: Rose Hill in the Bronx, Lincoln Center in Manhattan and Westchester in West Harrison. In addition to these campuses, the university maintains a study abroad center in the United Kingdom and field offices in Spain and South Africa. Fordham awards Bachelor of Fine Arts degrees, well as various masters and doctoral degrees. The 2017 edition of U.S. News & World Report lists Fordham as a "more selective" national university and ranks it tied for 60th in this category. Fordham University has produced at least 102 Fulbright Scholars since 2003. Discoverer of the cosmic ray and Nobel laureate in physics Victor Francis Hess was a longtime faculty member at Fordham University. Fordham was founded by the Irish-born bishop of the Diocese of the Most Reverend John J. Hughes. The college was the first Catholic institution of higher education in the northeastern United States. The seminary was paired with St. John's College, which opened at Rose Hill with a student body of six on June 21, 1841. The Reverend John McCloskey was the school's first president, the faculty were secular priests and lay instructors. In 1845, the seminary church, Our Lady of Mercy, was built. The same year, Bishop Hughes convinced several Jesuit priests from the St. Mary's Colleges in Maryland and Kentucky to staff St. John's. In 1846, the college received its charter from the New York State Legislature, roughly three months later, the first Jesuits began to arrive.Fordham University – Flag of Fordham University in New York City
38. Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival – It was co-founded by Paul Tollett and Rick Van Santen in 1999, is organized by Goldenvoice, a subsidiary of AEG Live as of 2001. The event features many genres including electronic music, as well as art installations and sculptures. Across the grounds, several stages continuously host live music. The festival's origins trace back to a 1993 concert that Pearl Jam performed at the Empire Polo Club while boycotting venues controlled by Ticketmaster. After no event was held in 2000, Coachella returned on an annual basis beginning in April 2001, as a single-day event. In 2002, the festival reverted to a two-day format. Coachella showcases popular and established musical artists, as well as emerging artists and reunited groups. Coachella is one of the largest, most famous, most profitable music festivals in the United States. The 2015 festival sold 198,000 tickets and grossed $84.3 million, both records. On November 5, 1993, Pearl Jam performed for almost 25,000 fans at the Empire Polo Club in Indio, California. The site was selected because the band refused to play in Los Angeles as a result of a dispute with Ticketmaster. Tollett said, "We were getting our ass kicked financially. We were losing a lot of bands. And we couldn't compete with the money." As a result, the idea of a music festival was conceived.Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival