1. Ray Conniff – Joseph Raymond Ray Conniff was an American bandleader and arranger best known for his Ray Conniff Singers during the 1960s. Conniff was born in Attleboro, Massachusetts, and learned to play the trombone from his father and he studied music arranging from a course book. After serving in the U. S. Army in World War II, he joined the Artie Shaw big band and he wrote a top 10 arrangement for Don Cherrys Band of Gold in 1955, a single that sold more than a million copies. He also backed up the albums Tony by Tony Bennett, Blue Swing by Eileen Rodgers, Swingin for Two by Don Cherry, between 1957 and 1968, Conniff had 28 albums in the American Top 40, the most famous one being Somewhere My Love. He topped the album list in Britain in 1969 with His Orchestra, His Chorus, His Singers, His Sound and he also was the first American popular artist to record in Russia—in 1974 he recorded Ray Conniff in Moscow with the help of a local choir. In Brazil and Chile he was treated like a pop superstar in the 1980s and 1990s when he was in his 70s and 80s. I decided to have the choir sing along with the big band using wordless lyrics, the women were doubled with the trumpets and the men were doubled with the trombones. In the booth Mitch was totally surprised and excited at how well it worked, because of the success of his backing arrangements, and the new sound Conniff created, Miller allowed him to make his own record, and this became the successful ’s Wonderful. A collection of standards that were recorded with an orchestra and a singing chorus. His second album was Dance the Bop and it was an experiment by one of the brass at Columbia to cash in on a conceived dance step creation, but from the outset, Conniff disliked it. When it sold poorly, he had it withdrawn from the market, in 1959 he started The Ray Conniff Singers and released the album Its the Talk of the Town. This group brought him the biggest hit he ever had in his career, the lyrics of the albums title selection were written to the music of Laras Theme from the film Doctor Zhivago, and the result was a top 10 single in the US. The album reached the US top 20 and went platinum, the single and album also reached high positions in the international charts, whilst the first of four Christmas albums by the Singers, Christmas with Conniff was also successful. Nearly 50 years after its release, in 2004, Conniff was posthumously awarded a platinum album/CD, musically different highlights in Conniffs career are two albums he produced in cooperation with Billy Butterfield, an old friend from earlier swing days. Conniff Meets Butterfield featured Butterfields solo trumpet and a rhythm group, Just Kiddin Around, released 1963. Both albums are pure light jazz and did not feature any vocals, Conniff recorded in New York from 1955 through 1961 and mainly in Los Angeles from 1962 through 2000. Later in the 1960s he produced an average of two instrumental and one album a year. Conniff sold about 70 million albums worldwide, and continued recording and performing until his death in 2002 and he died in Escondido, California, from a fall he suffered in a bathtub, and is buried in the Westwood Village Memorial Park Cemetery in Los Angeles, CaliforniaRay Conniff – Conniff in 1979
2. 2002 – 2002 was designated as, International Year of Ecotourism International Year of Mountains January 1 The Open Skies mutual surveillance treaty, initially signed in 1992, officially enters into force. The Euro is officially introduced in the Eurozone countries, the former currencies of all the countries that use the Euro ceased to be legal tender on February 28. January 3 – The Israeli Navy seizes a cargo ship trafficking 50 tons of weapons to the Palestinian National Authority, January 18 – The Sierra Leone Civil War comes to a conclusion with the defeat of the Revolutionary United Front by government forces. February 6 – Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom celebrates her Golden Jubilee, February 8–24 – The 2002 Winter Olympics are held in Salt Lake City, Utah. February 12 – The trial of Slobodan Milošević, the former President of Yugoslavia, February 19 – NASAs 2001 Mars Odyssey space probe begins to map the surface of Mars using its thermal emission imaging system. February 22 – UNITA guerilla leader Jonas Savimbi is killed in clashes against government troops led by Angolan President José Eduardo dos Santos in Moxico Province and his death leads to the end of the Angolan Civil War on April 4. March 1 – The Envisat environmental satellite is launched, with its purpose being the recording of information on environmental change, April 2 – Israeli forces besiege the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem, when militants took shelter there. The siege would last for 38 days, April 15 – Air China Flight 129 crashes into a hillside during heavy rain and fog near Busan, South Korea, killing 129 people. April 25 – South African Mark Shuttleworth blasts off from the Baikonur Cosmodrome on the Soyuz TM-34, may 9 – A remote-control bomb explodes during a holiday parade in Kaspiysk, Russia, killing 44 people and injuring at least 130 more. May 20 – East Timor regains its independence after 26 years of occupation by Indonesia since 1975, may 31–June 30 – The 2002 FIFA World Cup begins in South Korea and Japan, which is won by Brazil. June 6 – An object with a diameter of 10 meters collides with Earth over the Mediterranean. June 10 – The first direct electronic communication experiment between the systems of two humans, is carried out by Kevin Warwick in the United Kingdom. June 24 – A passenger train collides with a train in Dodoma Region, Tanzania, killing 281 people. July 1 The Rome Statute comes into force, thereby establishing the International Criminal Court, a Russian passenger jet and cargo plane collide over the town of Überlingen, Germany, killing 71 people. July 9 – The Organization of African Unity is disbanded and replaced by the African Union, august 26 – Earth Summit 2002 begins in Johannesburg, South Africa, aimed at discussing sustainable development by the United Nations. September 10 – Switzerland joins the United Nations as the 190th member state after rejecting a place in 1986, september 19 – General Robert Guéï leads an army mutiny in an attempt to overthrow Ivory Coast President Laurent Gbagbo, plunging the country in to civil war. September 25 – The Vitim event, a bolide impact, occurs in Irkutsk Oblast. September 26 – The Senegalese passenger ferry Joola capsizes in a storm off the coast of the Gambia, september 27 – East Timor is admitted to the United Nations as the 191st member state2002 – Artists concept of the 2001 Mars Odyssey Spacecraft
3. Henry Mancini – Enrico Nicola Henry Mancini was an American composer, conductor and arranger, who is best remembered for his film and television scores. Often cited as one of the greatest composers in the history of film, he won four Academy Awards, a Golden Globe, and twenty Grammy Awards, plus a posthumous Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 1995. His best known include the jazz-idiom theme to The Pink Panther film series, his Moon River to Breakfast at Tiffanys. The Peter Gunn theme won the first Grammy Award for Album of the Year, Mancini also had a long collaboration on film scores with the film director Blake Edwards. Mancini was born in the Little Italy neighborhood of Cleveland, and was raised near Pittsburgh, in the town of West Aliquippa. His parents immigrated from the Abruzzo region of Italy, Mancinis father, Quinto was a steelworker, who made his only child begin piccolo lessons at the age of eight. When Mancini was 12 years old, he began piano lessons, Quinto and Henry played flute together in the Aliquippa Italian immigrant band, Sons of Italy. After graduating from Aliquippa High School in 1942, Mancini attended the renowned Juilliard School of Music in New York, in 1943, after roughly one year at Juilliard, his studies were interrupted when he was drafted into the United States Army. He initially served in the infantry, later transferring to an Army band, in 1945, he participated in the liberation of the Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp in Austria. Newly discharged, Mancini entered the music industry, entering 1946, he became a pianist and arranger for the newly re-formed Glenn Miller Orchestra, led by Everyman Tex Beneke. After World War II, Mancini broadened his skills in composition, counterpoint, harmony and orchestration during studies opening with the composers Ernst Krenek, in 1952, Mancini joined the Universal Pictures music department. During this time, he wrote some popular songs. His first hit was a single by Guy Lombardo and His Royal Canadians titled I Wont Let You Out of My Heart, Mancini left Universal-International to work as an independent composer/arranger in 1958. Soon afterward, he scored the television series Peter Gunn for writer/producer Blake Edwards and this was the genesis of a relationship in which Edwards and Mancini collaborated on 30 films over 35 years. Mancinis scores for Blake Edwards included Breakfast at Tiffanys and Days of Wine and Roses, as well as Experiment in Terror, The Pink Panther, The Great Race, The Party,10, another director with whom Mancini had a longstanding partnership was Stanley Donen. Mancini also composed for Howard Hawks, Martin Ritt, Vittorio de Sica, Norman Jewison, Paul Newman, Stanley Kramer, George Roy Hill, Arthur Hiller, Ted Kotcheff, and others. Mancinis score for the Alfred Hitchcock film Frenzy in Bachian organ andante, for organ, Mancini scored many TV movies, including The Moneychangers, The Thorn Birds and The Shadow Box. He wrote many television themes, including Mr. Lucky, NBC Mystery Movie, tic Tac Dough and Once Is Not EnoughHenry Mancini – Henry Mancini
4. Jacques Brel – He was widely considered a master of the modern chanson. In French-speaking countries, Brel was also an actor, appearing in ten films. He also directed two films, one of which, Le Far West, was nominated for the Palme dOr at the Cannes Film Festival in 1973, having sold over 25 million records worldwide, Brel is the third best-selling Belgian recording artist of all time. Brel married Thérèse Miche Michielsen in 1950 and the couple had three children and he also had a romantic relationship with actress and dancer Maddly Bamy from 1972 until his death in 1978. Jacques Romain Georges Brel was born on 8 April 1929 in Schaerbeek, Brussels, to Élisabeth Lisette and he came from a family of Flemish descent, who had adopted the French language, part of his family originated in Zandvoorde, near Ypres. His father worked for Cominex, a firm, and later became co-director of a company that manufactured cardboard. Jacques and his older brother Pierre grew up in an austere household, in Brussels, the family lived at 138 Avenue du Diamant in Schaerbeek, then moved to 26 Boulevard Belgica–Belgicalaan in Sint-Jans-Molenbeek, and finally settled at 7 Rue Jacques-Manne in Anderlecht. Jacques was close to his mother, fascinated by her generosity and sense of humour, in September 1941, his parents enrolled Jacques at the Institut Saint-Louis at rue du Marais near the Botanical Garden of Brussels. Although he did poorly in many subjects, he did well in history and French and he helped set up the schools drama club, taking on his first stage roles with great enthusiasm. He wrote short stories, poems, and essays, in 1944, at the age of 15, Jacques began playing the guitar. The following year he formed his own group with friends. In the spring of 1947, during his year at Saint-Louis. Published pseudonymously, the story is about a man on his death bed who encourages his grandson to run away while the rest of the family makes arrangements for his funeral. Despite his growing talent for writing, Jacques was never a good student, with an academic career not in his future, the 18-year-old Jacques went to work at his fathers cardboard factory in August 1947. His job at Vanneste and Brel was predictable and uninspiring—a routine that involved fixing prices, apart from joining the company football team, he showed little interest in the companys social activities and events. Perhaps to offset the boredom of his office routine, he joined a local Catholic youth organisation La Franche Cordée. Dedicated to philanthropic work, the group organised religious retreats, fundraising events, Jacques supported these activities with great enthusiasm and believed strongly in FCs mission. His parents were pleased with their sons dedication, and provided him with the company van and family car to support his FC activitiesJacques Brel – Jacques Brel, 1963
5. That Thing You Do! – That Thing You Do. is a 1996 American musical comedy-drama film written and directed by Tom Hanks, who also co-stars in it. Set in the summer of 1964, the tells the story of the rise. The film also resulted in a hit with the song That Thing You Do. The band, which includes a bass player, adopts the name The Oneders. At the talent show, Guy launches into a faster tempo than intended for Jimmys ballad, That Thing You Do, White changes the bands name to The Wonders as they join a Midwestern Play-Tone tour, taking along Jimmys girlfriend, Faye as their official costume mistress. During the tour, That Thing You Do garners national radio airplay, as the bands popularity soars, Jimmy grows frustrated that the group is not focused on creating more music, while the remainder of the band enjoys their time in the spotlight. All the while, Guy and Faye grow closer as friends, when the song enters the top ten on the Billboard charts, the band is taken off the tour and sent to Los Angeles. Faye falls ill on the trip and is nursed by Guy, Jimmy is seemingly uninterested in her well-being, being preoccupied with trying to convince White to let the band record more of his original songs. After a publicity tour, the band is set to appear on The Hollywood Television Showcase and they begin to show signs of discord. Jimmy continues to vent frustration at White over the bands direction, the bass player goes to Disneyland with a group of Marines and never returns, he is replaced in the broadcast by a session bassist. During the performance, as the band is being introduced to the viewing audience. Jimmy becomes upset with Faye in the dressing room afterward, heartbroken and weary with his arrogant personality and lack of devotion, Faye terminates their relationship. The next day at a recording session, Lenny is missing. Guy is sorry to see the end of the band, White confronts him, and declares the band a one-hit wonder, but commends Guy for his smarts and integrity. After an impromptu jam session with his idol, jazz pianist Del Paxton, Guy returns to the bands hotel, Guy and Faye start a family in Washington, where Guy teaches jazz composition at a music conservatory that he and Faye open. Comedian Barry Sobel, who co-wrote Hanks stand-up material for and was featured in the film Punchline, has a cameo as Goofball in Weekend at Party Pier. Tracy Reiner, who played Betty Spaghetti Horn in A League of Their Own and Mary Haise in Apollo 13, has a cameo as Anita, the co-star of Weekend at Party Pier. Musician Chris Isaak appears as Uncle Bob who produces the bands first recording, Tom Hanks son, Colin, appears as a page at the City of BroadcastingThat Thing You Do! – Theatrical release poster
6. Escondido, California – Escondido is a city located in San Diego Countys North County region,30 miles northeast of Downtown San Diego, California. The city occupies a valley ringed by rocky hills. Incorporated in 1888, it is one of the oldest cities in San Diego County, the city had a population of 143,911 in the 2010 census. Escondidos municipal government set itself an operating budget limit of $426,289,048 for the fiscal year 2010–2011, the city is known as Eskondiid in Diegueño. Escondido is a Spanish word meaning hidden, one source says the name originally referred to agua escondida or hidden water, another says it meant hidden treasure. The Escondido area was first settled by the Luiseño, who established campsites and villages along the running through the area. The Kumeyaay migrated from areas near the Colorado River, settling both in the San Pasqual Valley and near the San Dieguito River in the southwestern and western portions of what is now Escondido, most of the villages and campsites today have been destroyed by development and agriculture. Spain controlled the land from the late 18th century to the early 19th century, when Mexico gained its independence from Spain, the local land was divided into large ranchos. Most of what is now Escondido occupies the former Rancho Rincon del Diablo, Alvarado was a Regidor of Los Angeles at the time, and the first Regidor of the pueblo of San Diego. The southern part of Escondido occupies the former Rancho San Bernardo, in 1846, during the Mexican–American War, the Battle of San Pasqual was fought southeast of Escondido. This battle pitted Mexican forces under Andrés Pico against Americans under Stephen W. Kearny, Archibald Gillespie, a park in Escondido is named for Carson. The city was home to a largely Spanish-speaking population in the first census, after statehood, non-Hispanic settlers came to Southern California in increasing numbers. The decade of the 1880s is known as the Southern California Land Boom because so many people moved to the state, in 1853, pro-Southern Copperheads proposed dividing the state of California to create a new Territory of Colorado. San Diego Judge Oliver S. Witherby suggested placing the capitol of the new territory in Rancho Rincon del Diablo and he envisioned a railroad connecting San Diego to Fort Yuma through an area about two miles south of the current Escondido site, heading east through San Pasqual. With a series of deeds in 1855 and 1856, the rancho was transferred from the heirs of Juan Bautista Alvarado to Witherby and he planned to profit from the town that he believed would be established from the dividing point on the railroad below the eastern hills. The proposal for splitting the state and creating the new territory passed in the California legislature and it was effectively killed in 1861 when Congress organized the Territory of Colorado in the area previously occupied by the Jefferson Territory. With Witherbys vision of owning a bustling state capitol unrealized, he set up an operation on the rancho instead. In 1868, Witherby sold the rancho for $8000 to Edward McGeary and John, Josiah, McGeary owned half the rancho, while the three Wolfskill brothers each owned an equal share of the other halfEscondido, California – Downtown Escondido's Grand Avenue in May 2006.
7. Attleboro, Massachusetts – Attleboro is a city in Bristol County, Massachusetts, United States. It was once known as The Jewelry Capital of the World for its many jewelry manufacturers, according to the 2010 census, Attleboro had a population of 43,593 in 2010. Attleboro is located about 10 miles west of Taunton, the distance to Providence,18 miles northwest of Fall River. In 1634, English settlers first arrived in the territory that is now Attleboro and it was later incorporated from Rehoboth in 1694 as the town of Attleborough. It included the towns of Cumberland, Rhode Island, until 1747 and North Attleborough, Massachusetts, the town was reincorporated in 1914 as the City of Attleboro, with the -ugh removed from the name, although North Attleborough kept it. Like many towns in Massachusetts, it was named for a British town, during the Native American insurgency in the colonial era, Nathaniel Woodcock, the son of an Attleborough resident, was murdered, and his head was placed on a pole in his fathers front yard. His fathers house is now a historical site, the city became known for jewelry manufacturing in 1913, particularly because of the L. G. That company has moved out of the city, and the site of the former plant has been converted into a riverfront park. Attleboro was once known as The Jewelry Capital of the World, one such is the Guyot Brothers Company, which was started in 1904. Garlan Chain, Leach & Garner, and Masters of Design are jewelry manufacturing companies still in operation. Attleboro is located at 41°56′N 71°18′W and has an area of 27.8 square miles, of which 26.8 square miles is land and 1.0 square mile. Its borders form a polygon that resembles a truncated triangle pointing west. It includes the known as Briggs Corner, Dodgeville, East Junction, Hebronville. The Ten Mile River, fed by the Bungay River and by several brooks, the Manchester Pond Reservoir lies beside Interstate 95, and there are several small ponds in the city. There are two areas, the Antony Lawrence Reservation Area and Coleman Reservation Area, as well as the Bungay River Conservation Area in the north of the city. The highest point in Attleboro is 249-foot Oak Hill, located in the part of the city north of Oak Hill Avenue. Attleboro is part of the Providence metropolitan area and it is a short distance from Boston, and is linked to the Boston metropolitan area. As of the 2010 census, there were 43,593 people,16,884 households, and 11,212 families living in the city, there were 18,022 housing units at an average density of 672.5 per square mileAttleboro, Massachusetts – Historic Attleboro train station
8. 1966 in music – January 8 – Shindig. is broadcast for the last time on ABC, with musical guests the Kinks and the Who. January 14 – Young singer David Jones changes his last name to Bowie to avoid being confused with Davy Jones of the Monkees, January 17 – Simon & Garfunkel release the album Sounds of Silence. February 2 – The first edition of Go-Set magazine is published in Melbourne, founded by former Monash University students Phillip Frazer and Tony Schauble, the new weekly is the first independent periodical in Australia devoted entirely to popular music and youth culture. The inaugural 24-page issue has a feature on Tom Jones, stories on The Groop, singer Pat Carroll and DJ Ken Sparkes. February 6 – The Animals appear a fifth time on The Ed Sullivan Show to perform their iconic Vietnam-anthem hit We Gotta Get Out of this Place. February 17 – Brian Wilson starts recording Good Vibrations with The Wrecking Crew, continuing for several months, february 19 – Jefferson Airplane and Big Brother and the Holding Company with Janis Joplin perform at the Fillmore. March 4 – The Beatles John Lennon is quoted in the London newspaper, in August, following publication of this remark in Datebook, there are Beatles protests and record burnings in the Southern USs Bible Belt. March 5 – The 11th Eurovision Song Contest is staged in the Villa Louvigny, udo Jürgens, having represented Austria in the last two contests, finally scores a first for the country, with Merci Chérie, which he co-wrote. March 6 – In the UK,5,000 fans of the Beatles sign a petition urging British Prime minister Harold Wilson to reopen Liverpools Cavern Club. April – Herb Alpert & the Tijuana Brass set a record by placing five albums simultaneously on Billboards Pop Album Chart. Their music outsells The Beatles by a margin of two-to-one – over 13 million recordings and they win 4 Grammys this year. April 12 – In Los Angeles, California, Jan Berry, of Jan and Dean, Berry slips into a two-month-long coma and suffers total physical paralysis for over a year as well as extensive brain damage. April 23 - For the first time since its January 18,1964, issue, may 1 – The Beatles, The Rolling Stones and the Who perform at the NMEs poll winners show in London. The show is videotaped for later broadcast but The Beatles and The Stones segments are omitted because of union conflicts, may 6 – The first issue of Džuboks, the first Yugoslav magazine dedicated to rock music and the first rock magazine in a socialist country, is released. May 13 – The Rolling Stones release Paint It, Black, may 17 – Bob Dylan and the Hawks perform at the Free Trade Hall, Manchester, England. Dylan is booed by the audience because of his decision to tour with an electric band, may 30 – Them, fronted by Van Morrison, begin a three-week stint as the headliner act at the Whisky a Go Go. On the last night June 18, they were joined on stage by that weeks opening act The Doors, Van and Jim Morrison sang Gloria together. June 6 – At Gallatin, Tennessee, 25-year-old Claudette Frady-Orbison, july 2 – The Beatles become the first musical group to perform at the Nippon Budokan Hall in Tokyo1966 in music – Louis Armstrong in 1966
9. 1963 in music – This is a list of notable events in music that took place in the year 1963. January 3 – The Beatles begin their first tour of 1963 with a tour in Scotland to support the release of their new single, Love Me Do. January 4 – At Cortina dAmpezzo in Italy, Dalida receives a Juke Box Global Oscar for the years most-played artist on jukeboxes, bonds files a $100,000 lawsuit against Chubby Checker, claiming that Checker stole Quarter to Three and turned it into Dancin Party. The lawsuit is settled out of court. January 11 – Please Please Me is released in the United Kingdom by the Beatles, january 12 – Bob Dylan portrays a folk singer in The Madhouse of Castle Street, a radio play for the BBC in London. February 16 The Beatles achieve their first No.1 hit single, February 22 – The Beatles form Northern Songs Publishing Company. March 5 – Patsy Cline is killed in plane crash near Camden, Tennessee, while on her way to Nashville, Tennessee, from Kansas City, Missouri. March 22 – The Beatles release their first album, Please Please Me, March 23 – The 8th Eurovision Song Contest is held in two studios at the BBC Television Centre, London. After much confusion regarding the results of the Norwegian jury, Denmark snatches victory from Switzerland after a close run, the Danish husband-and-wife duo Grethe and Jørgen Ingmann take the prize with Dansevise. April 29 – 19-year-old Andrew Loog Oldham signs a contract with the Rolling Stones, Oldham had seen the band in concert the previous day at the Crawdaddy Club in London. May 2 – The Beatles reach number one in the UK singles chart for the time with From Me To You. May 11 – The Beatles album Please Please Me goes to the top of the UK Albums Chart, may 15 – Opening of the National Academic Theatre of Opera and Ballet of Mongolia. May 27 – The Freewheelin Bob Dylan, singer-songwriter Bob Dylans second, the lead song, Blowin in the Wind, is released as a single by Peter, Paul and Mary in June and by Dylan himself in August. June 7 – The Rolling Stones first single, a version of the Chuck Berry song Come On, is released in the UK. August 3 – The Beatles perform at The Cavern Club in Liverpool for the final time, August 28 – March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. Musical performers include Mahalia Jackson, Bob Dylan, Joan Baez, Peter, Paul and Mary, september 6 – Nippon Crown record label is established as Crown Records, a subsidiary of Columbia Music Entertainment. September 12 – The Beatles reach the UK number one for the time with the single She Loves You. November 30 – After an unbroken 30-week spell at the top of the UK Albums Chart, December 12 – The Beatles reach number one in the UK for the fourth time with I Want To Hold Your Hand1963 in music – Joan Baez and Bob Dylan perform at 1963's March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom
10. 1916 in music – This is a list of notable events in music that took place in the year 1916. February 1 - Carl Nielsen conducts the première of his Symphony No, february 11 - Baltimore Symphony Orchestra presents its first concert. March 3 - The Original Dixieland Jass Band begin playing at Schillers Cafe in Chicago, Illinois, march 10 - Sir Hubert Parry writes the choral setting of William Blakes poem And did those feet in ancient time which becomes known as Jerusalem. April 28 - Edison Records carry out the first public comparison test between live and recorded singing voices at Carnegie Hall, featuring soprano Marie Rappold, june 5 - Steins Dixie Jass Band plays its first concert under its new name, the Original Dixieland Jass Band. August 3 - The musical comedy Chu Chin Chow, written, produced, directed and starring Oscar Asche, with music by Frederic Norton, premières at His Majestys Theatre in London. It will run for five years and a total of 2,238 performances, december - Wilbur Sweatman records his hot ragtime for Emerson Records in New York City. Gustav Holst completes composition of his orchestral suite The Planets, Op.32, sydney Conservatorium of Music in Australia accepts its first students. Soprano Hedy Iracema-Brügelmann is awarded the Charlottenkreuz, german soprano Vali von der Osten marries tenor Fritz Windgassen. Allahs Holiday w. Otto Harbach m, rudolf Friml And They Called It Dixieland w. Raymond Egan m. Richard A. Whiting Arrah Go On, Im Gonna Go Back To Oregon w. Sam M. Lewis & Joe Young m, Bert Grant At Finnigans Ball w. m. Bert Lee Baby Shoes by Joe Goodwin Beale Street Blues w. m, James W. Tate & Frank Clifford Harris Bugle Call Rag w. m. Eubie Blake & Carey Morgan Bull Frog Blues Tom Brown, Guy Shrigley The Cobblers Song w. Oscar Asche m, cliff Hess The Honolulu Blues w. Grant Clarke & Eddie Cox m. James V. Monaco Hows Every Little Thing In Dixie. W. Jack Yellen m. Albert Gumble Hula Lou w. Edward Grossmith m. Ted D. Ward I Aint Got Nobody w. Roger Graham & Dave Peyton m, spencer Williams I Can Dance With Everybody But My Wife w. Joseph Cawthorn & John Golden m. John Golden I Sent My Wife To The Thousand Isles w. Andrew B, sterling & Ed Moran m. Harry von Tilzer I Want To Marry A Male Quartette w. Otto Harbach m. Rudolf Friml If I Knock The L Out Of Kelly w. Sam M. Lewis & Joe Young m, If You Were the Only Girl w. Clifford Grey m. Nat D. Ayer Im Sorry I Made You Cry w. m. N. J. Clesi Ireland Must Be Heaven, Fred Fisher Ive A Shooting Box In Scotland w. m. Thomas Lawrason Riggs & Cole Porter Joe Turner Blues w. Walter Hirsch m. W. C, handy Katinka w. Otto Harbach m. Rudolf Friml Keep Your Eye On The Girlie You Love w. Howard Johnson & Alex Gerber m, ira Schuster The Laddies Who Fought And Won w. m1916 in music – List of years in music
11. Swing music – Swing music, or simply swing, is a form of American music that dominated in the 1930s and 1940s. The name swing came from the swing feel where the emphasis is on the off–beat or weaker pulse in the music, Swing bands usually featured soloists who would improvise on the melody over the arrangement. The danceable swing style of big bands and bandleaders such as Benny Goodman was the dominant form of American popular music from 1935 to 1946, the verb to swing is also used as a term of praise for playing that has a strong groove or drive. Notable musicians of the era include Louis Armstrong, Cab Calloway, Benny Goodman, Duke Ellington, Glenn Miller, Count Basie, Woody Herman. Swing has roots in the late 1920s as larger ensembles began using written arrangements, a typical song played in swing style would feature a strong, anchoring rhythm section in support of more loosely tied wind and brass. The most common style consisted of having a soloist take center stage, Swing music began to decline in popularity during World War II because of several factors. By the late 1940s, swing had morphed into traditional pop music, or evolved into new styles such as jump blues, Swing music saw a revival in the late 1950s and 1960s with pop vocalists such as Frank Sinatra, Nat King Cole, and Ella Fitzgerald. Swing blended with other genres to create new styles, in country music, artists such as Jimmie Rodgers, Moon Mullican and Bob Wills introduced many elements of swing along with blues to create a genre called western swing. Gypsy swing is an outgrowth of Venuti and Langs jazz violin swing, in the 1970s, and 1980s, fans of big band music attended swing music performances at supper clubs. In the late-1980s a trendier, more urban-styled swing-beat emerged called new jack swing, in the late 1990s and into the 2000s there was a swing revival, led by Squirrel Nut Zippers, Brian Setzer, Big Bad Voodoo Daddy, and Lavay Smith. In Canada, some of the early 2000s records by The JW-Jones Blues Band included swing revival elements, the 1920s saw parallel trends in jazz and popular music that would later converge into the swing style. New Orleans style jazz was based on a meter and contrapuntal improvisation led by a trumpet or cornet, typically followed by a clarinet. The rhythm section consisted of a tuba and drums, and sometimes a banjo, by the early 1920s guitars and pianos sometimes substituted for the banjo and a string bass sometimes substituted for the tuba. Further innovations in small ensemble playing led to development of the Chicago style identified with Louis Armstrong, a stint with the Fletcher Henderson Orchestra familiarized him with arranged ensemble playing that differed from the New Orleans style, in which saxophones became the dominant sound among the reeds. Armstrong brought those back to his smaller ensembles, the soloist played over an ensemble relegated to a supporting role in the background. The string bass also lent itself to playing in a 4/4 rhythm rather than the 2/4 rhythm dictated by the tuba. The new format gave the soloist the opportunity to play with more rhythmic freedom, but playing with swing remained the province of the soloist, not the ensemble. The late 1920s saw increasingly sophisticated arrangements used by bigger ensembles, some arrangements used call-response between horn sections to build the melodySwing music – Benny Goodman, one of the first swing bandleaders to achieve widespread fame.
12. Columbia Records – Columbia Records is an American record label owned by Sony Music Entertainment, a subsidiary of Sony Corporation of America, Inc. the United States division of Sony Corporation. It was founded in 1887, evolving from an enterprise named the American Graphophone Company. Columbia is the oldest surviving brand name in the sound business. Columbia Records went on to release records by an array of singers, instrumentalists. It is one of Sony Musics three flagship record labels alongside RCA Records and Epic Records, rather, as above, it was connected to CBS, a broadcasting media company which had purchased the company in 1938, and had been co-founded in 1927 by Columbia Records itself. Though Arista Records was sold to Bertelsmann Music Group, it would become a sister label of Columbia Records through its mutual connection to Sony Music. The Columbia Phonograph Company was founded in 1887 by stenographer, lawyer and New Jersey native Edward Easton and it derived its name from the District of Columbia, where it was headquartered. At first it had a monopoly on sales and service of Edison phonographs and phonograph cylinders in Washington. As was the custom of some of the regional companies, Columbia produced many commercial cylinder recordings of its own. Columbias ties to Edison and the North American Phonograph Company were severed in 1894 with the North American Phonograph Companys breakup, thereafter it sold only records and phonographs of its own manufacture. In 1902, Columbia introduced the XP record, a brown wax record. According to Gracyk, the molded brown waxes may have sold to Sears for distribution. Columbia began selling records and phonographs in addition to the cylinder system in 1901, preceded only by their Toy Graphophone of 1899. For a decade, Columbia competed with both the Edison Phonograph Company cylinders and the Victor Talking Machine Company disc records as one of the top three names in American recorded sound. In order to add prestige to its catalog of artists. The firm also introduced the internal-horn Grafonola to compete with the extremely popular Victrola sold by the rival Victor Talking Machine Company, during this era, Columbia used the famous Magic Notes logo—a pair of sixteenth notes in a circle—both in the United States and overseas. Columbia was split into two companies, one to make records and one to make players, Columbia Phonograph was moved to Connecticut, and Ed Easton went with it. Eventually it was renamed the Dictaphone Corporation, in late 1923, Columbia went into receivershipColumbia Records – Original home of Columbia in Washington, D.C., in 1889
13. Artie Shaw – Artie Shaw was an American clarinetist, composer, bandleader, and actor. Also an author, Shaw wrote both fiction and non-fiction, widely regarded as one of jazzs finest clarinetists, Shaw led one of the United States most popular big bands in the late 1930s through the early 1940s. Though he had hit records, he was perhaps best known for his 1938 recording of Cole Porters Begin the Beguine. Prior to the release of Beguine, Shaw and his band had languished in relative obscurity for over two years and, after its release, he became a major pop artist within short order. The record eventually became one of the defining recordings. Musically restless, Shaw was also a proponent of what became known much later as Third Stream music. Shaw also recorded with jazz groups drawn from within the ranks of the various big bands he led. He served in the US Navy from 1942 to 1944, and, following his discharge in 1944, Shaw was born Arthur Jacob Arshawsky in New York City, the son of Sarah and Harry Arshawsky, who worked as a dressmaker and photographer. His family was Jewish, his father was from Russia, his mother from Austria, Shaw grew up in New Haven, Connecticut where, according to his autobiography, his natural introversion was deepened by local antisemitism. Shaw bought a saxophone by working in a store, and began learning the saxophone at 13, by 16, he switched to the clarinet. Returning to New York, he became a musician through the early 1930s. In 1929 and 1930, he played with Irving Aaronsons Commanders, where he was exposed to symphonic music, in 1935, Shaw first gained attention with his Interlude in B-flat at a swing concert at the Imperial Theater in New York. During the swing era, his big bands were popular hits like Begin the Beguine, Stardust, Back Bay Shuffle, Moonglow, Rosalie. The show was received, but forced to dissolve in 1937 because his bands sound was not commercial. His incorporation of stringed instruments could be attributed to the influence of classical composer Igor Stravinsky. S. However, after recording Any Old Time, she left the band due to hostility from audiences in the South as well as music company executives who wanted a more mainstream singer. His band became successful, and his playing was eventually recognized as equal to that of Benny Goodman. Longtime Duke Ellington clarinetist Barney Bigard cited Shaw as his favorite clarinet player, in response to Goodmans nickname, the King of Swing, Shaws fans dubbed him the King of the ClarinetArtie Shaw – Artie Shaw in Second Chorus (1940)
14. Tammy Wynette – Tammy Wynette was an American country music singer-songwriter and one of country musics best-known artists and biggest-selling female singers. Wynette was called the First Lady of Country Music, and her best-known song, many of her hits dealt with classic themes of loneliness, divorce, and the difficulties of life and relationships. During the late 1960s and early 1970s, Wynette charted 20 No.1 songs, along with Loretta Lynn and Dolly Parton, she is credited with having defined the role of women in country music during the 1970s. Wynettes marriage to country music singer George Jones in 1969, which ended in divorce in 1975, created a music couple, following the earlier success of Johnny Cash. Jones and Wynette recorded a sequence of albums and singles that hit the charts throughout the 1970s, Tammy Wynette was born Virginia Wynette Pugh near Tremont, Mississippi, the only child of Mildred Faye and William Hollice Pugh. Wynettes father was a farmer and local musician who died of a brain tumor when Wynette was nine months old and her mother worked in an office, as a substitute school teacher, as well as on the family farm. In 1946, Mildred Pugh married Foy Lee, a farmer, Wynette grew up in her maternal grandparents home, which had no indoor toilets or running water. She was raised with an aunt, Carolyn Russell, who was five years older. As a girl, Wynette taught herself to play a variety of instruments that had been left by her deceased father. Wynette attended Tremont High School, where she was a basketball player. A month before graduation, several months before her 18th birthday, she wed her first husband and he was a construction worker, but had trouble keeping a job, and they moved from place to place several times. Wynette worked as a waitress, a receptionist, and a barmaid, in 1963, she attended Beauty College in Tupelo, Mississippi, where she learned to be a hairdresser. She continued to renew her cosmetology license every year for the rest of her life – just in case she ever had to go back to a daily job and she left Euple, her first husband, before the birth of their third daughter. That baby developed spinal meningitis, and Wynette tried to earn money by performing at night. Euple did not support her ambition to become a country singer, years later he appeared at one of her concerts as she was signing autographs and asked for one. She signed it Dream on, baby, in 1965, Wynette sang on the Country Boy Eddie Show on WBRC-TV in Birmingham, while working as a hairdresser in Midfield, AL, and this led to performances with Porter Wagoner. In 1966, she moved with her three daughters from Birmingham to Nashville, Tennessee, where she attempted to get a recording contract, after being turned down repeatedly by all of the other record companies, she auditioned for the producer Billy Sherrill. Sherrill was originally reluctant to sign her up, but decided to do so after finding himself in need of a singer for Apartment No.9, when Sherrill heard Wynette sing it, he was impressed and decided to sign her up to Epic Records in 1966Tammy Wynette – Wynette in 1971
15. Melanie Safka – Melanie Anne Safka-Schekeryk is an American singer-songwriter. Melanie was born and raised in the Astoria neighborhood of Queens and her father, Fred, was of a Ukrainian ethnic background and her jazz singer mother, Pauline Polly Altomare Safka-Bertolo, was of Italian heritage. Melanie made her first public singing appearance at age four on the radio show Live Like A Millionaire and she attended Red Bank High School in Red Bank, New Jersey, after transferring from Long Branch High School, graduating in 1964. In the 1960s, when she was starting out, Melanie performed at The Inkwell, initially signed to Columbia Records in the United States, Melanie released two singles on the label. Subsequently she signed with Buddah Records and first found success in Europe in 1969 with Bobos Party which reached Number 1 in France. Her debut album received reviews from Billboard which heralded her voice as wise beyond her years. Her non-conformist approach to the selections on this LP make her a new talent to be reckoned with, later in 1969, Melanie had a hit in the Netherlands with Beautiful People. The recording became a hit in Europe, Australia, Canada, the B-side of the single featured Melanies spoken-word track Candles in the Rain. Lay Down became Melanies first Top Ten hit in America, peaking at Number 6 on the Billboard singles chart, later hits included Peace Will Come and a cover of the Rolling Stones Ruby Tuesday. In 1970, Melanie was the only artist to ignore the injunction banning the Powder Ridge Rock Festival. Shortly following this performance, she played at the Strawberry Fields Festival held from August 7 to 9,1970, at Mosport Park and she also performed at the Isle of Wight Festival in 1970 where she was introduced by Keith Moon and received four standing ovations. She was also the artist who sang to herald in the solstice at Glastonbury Fayre in England in June 1971. She performed again at Glastonbury in 2011, the 40th anniversary of the original festival and she left Buddah Records when they insisted that she produce albums on demand. In 1971 she formed her own label, Neighborhood Records, with Peter Schekeryk and she had her biggest American hit on the Neighborhood label, the novelty-sounding 1972 number one Brand New Key. Brand New Key sold over three million worldwide and was featured in the 1997 movie Boogie Nights. When first released, Brand New Key was banned by radio stations because some heard sexual innuendo in the lyrics. Melanie has acknowledged the possibility of reading an unintended sexual innuendo in the song, stating, I thought it was cute, a kind of old thirties tune. I guess a key and a lock have always been Freudian symbols, there was no deep serious expression behind the song, but people read things into itMelanie Safka – Melanie in 1975
16. Yule Log (TV program) – The Yule Log is a television program originating in the United States, which is broadcast traditionally on Christmas Eve or Christmas morning. A radio simulcast of the portion was broadcast by WPIXs former sister station, WPIX-FM. The Yule Log was created in 1966 by Fred M. Thrower, president and chief officer of WPIX. This also provided time for employees of the station to stay home with their families. The original program was filmed at Gracie Mansion, the residence of the Mayor of New York City, John Lindsay. An estimated US$4,000 of advertising was canceled on Christmas Eve for the shows airing that day. During the filming, the producers removed a fire grate so that the blaze could be seen better. The program was both a critical and ratings success, and by demand, it was rebroadcast for 23 consecutive years. However, by 1969, it was apparent that the original 16 mm film was quickly deteriorating from wear. Also, the loop was only 17 seconds long, resulting in a visibly jerky. Station producer William Cooper, a recipient of a Peabody Award, again asked to film the loop at Gracie Mansion. In 1970, WPIX found a fireplace with similar andirons at a residence in California and this versions loop runs approximately six minutes and three seconds. Beginning in 1997, WPIX offered various versions of The Yule Log on the Internet, berlamino explained that people wanted comfort food TV in the aftermath of the September 11 attacks on the World Trade Center. Program director Julie ONeil found the master film of the 1970 fireplace at WPIXs film archives in Fort Lee. The master film had been misfiled in a Honeymooners film canister marked with the episode title A Dogs Life, in 2009, a fourth hour of the program was added, featuring 22 new songs and seven new artists. The discovery had been made by archivist Rolando Pujol while going through the old films in search of footage of then-President elect Donald Trump. After undergoing digital restoration, WPIX later announced that they would air it on December 24 of that year - exactly 50 years to the day of its debut. An encore airing would follow at 7,00 a. m. on December 25, followed by the modern four-hour log. S. television markets, and would be remastered for broadcast in high definitionYule Log (TV program) – A Christmas tradition in New York City is WPIX 's yearly yule log program
17. Mitch Miller – Mitchell William Mitch Miller was an American oboist, conductor, recording producer and recording industry executive. He was involved in almost all aspects of the industry, particularly as a conductor, Mitch Miller was born in Rochester, New York, on July 4,1911, to a Jewish family. His mother was Hinda Rosenblum Miller, a seamstress, and his father, Abram Calmen Miller. He had four siblings, two of whom, Leon and Joseph, survived him, Miller took up the oboe at first as a teenager, because it was the only instrument available when he went to audition for his junior high school orchestra. A talented oboist, at age fifteen he played with the Syracuse Symphony Orchestra and he graduated in 1932 with honors. Miller played the prominent English horn part in the Largo movement of Dvořáks New World Symphony in a famous 1947 recording conducted by Leopold Stokowski. As part of the CBS Symphony, Miller participated in the accompaniment to the infamous radio broadcast of Orson Welless The War of the Worlds. This was a position in a recording company, because the A&R executive decided which musicians. After arriving at Columbia, he helped direct the careers of artists who were signed to the label, such as Doris Day, Dinah Shore and Jo Stafford. Miller also discovered Aretha Franklin and signed her to the first major recording contract of her career, when Ahmet Ertegun of Atlantic Records promised her artistic freedom to create records outside the pop mainstream in a more rhythm-and-blues-driven direction, she left Columbia after five years. Previously, Miller had offered Presley a contract, but balked at the amount Presleys manager, Colonel Tom Parker, was asking. In defense of his stance, he once told NME in January 1958, Rock n roll is musical baby food, it is the worship of mediocrity. Producer Bob Stanley had found the group during a series of early 1954 Mexican civil rights concerts in East Los Angeles and their lead guitarist Bill Aken was the only Caucasian in the Latino band. Despite his distaste for rock n roll, Miller emphasized emotional expression over vocal perfection, songs like A White Sport Coat by Marty Robbins and Rock-a-Billy by Guy Mitchell are just two examples. As a record producer, Miller gained a reputation for innovation and gimmickry. Music historian Will Friedwald wrote in his book Jazz Singing that Miller exemplified the worst in American pop and he first aroused the ire of intelligent listeners by trying to turn — and darn near succeeding in turning — great artists like Sinatra, Clooney, and Tony Bennett into hacks. Miller was hardly a rock n roller, yet without these ideas there could never have been rock n roll, mule Train, Millers first major hit and the foundation of his career, set the pattern for virtually the entire first decade of rock. The similarities between it and, say, Leader of the Pack, need hardly be outlined here, while Millers methods were resented by some of Columbias performers, including Harry James, Frank Sinatra and Rosemary Clooney, the label maintained a high hit-to-release ratio during the 1950sMitch Miller – Miller on Sing Along with Mitch, 1961
18. Roberto Carlos (singer) – Roberto Carlos Braga is a Brazilian singer-songwriter, also known as King of Latin Music or simply The King. Most of his songs are written in partnership with his friend, Roberto Carlos has sold over 120 million albums around the world. He is considered one of the most influential artists in Brazil during the 1960s, being cited as a source of inspiration by many artists and his net worth is estimated at US$160 million. Childhood Roberto Carlos Braga was born in Cachoeiro de Itapemirim, at the part of the Brazilian state of Espírito Santo. He is the fourth and last son of Robertino Braga, a watchmaker, and Laura Moreira Braga, the family lived in a modest home on top of a hill in the Nook neighbourhood. His siblings were Lauro Roberto Braga, Carlos Alberto Moreira Braga, at age 6, during the feast of St Peter, the patron saint of Cachoeiro do Itapemirim, Roberto Carlos was hit by a steam locomotive and had to have his right leg amputated just below his knee. He still uses a prosthesis, but avoids talking about it, as a child he learned to play the guitar and the piano -– first with his mother and later at the Itapemirim Music Conservatory. At 9 years old, he performed for the first time at a show broadcast by Rádio Cachoeiro. He won candies as the first prize, years later, he recalled the occasion for the book Roberto Carlos Up Close, by Paulo Cesar de Araujo, I was very nervous, yet very happy to be able to sing on the radio. I got a lot of candies, which was the prize for the kids whod sing there and he became a regular performer on that particular show. Since then, Roberto Carlos has been called O Rei, when his first single and first LP were commercial failures, Roberto Carlos was in danger of being fired from CBS in favor of Sérgio Murilo, the first successful rock singer in Brazil. Nevertheless, Murilo was fired instead for clashing with musical director Evandro Ribeiro over repertoire and payment, during his first decade of recording, Roberto Carlos also starred in a few motion pictures directed by Roberto Farias, many of them heavily inspired by the Beatles movies. Jovem Guarda or the years of the birth of Brazilian. Roberto Carlos insisted on investing time in music, rock. With his friend Erasmo Carlos, Roberto covered some versions of the hit songs, the following year the singer was back on the charts with the album is É Proibido Fumar, in which, besides the title track, the highlight was the song O Calhambeque. Thus was born the Jovem Guarda, nationally known, Roberto Carlos began to host the Jovem Guarda program in 1965 at TV Record, along with Erasmo Carlos and Wanderléa. The program further popularized the pop movement in Brazil and established the singer. In 1966 Roberto Carlos presented the programs Roberto Carlos à Noite, Opus 7, Jovem Guarda em Alta Tensão e Todos os Jovens do Mundo, at TV Record and that year would be marked by a fight that nearly ended the partnership between Roberto and Erasmo CarlosRoberto Carlos (singer) – Roberto Carlos in 2008.
19. Nashville Skyline – Nashville Skyline is the ninth studio album by American singer-songwriter Bob Dylan, released on April 9,1969, by Columbia Records as LP record, reel to reel tape and audio cassette. Building on the style he experimented with on John Wesley Harding. Rumors have long persisted that Dylan might have had his voice sped up slightly on the recordings to make it sound cleaner and clearer. The result received a positive reaction from critics, and was a commercial success. Reaching number 3 in the U. S. the album also scored Dylan his fourth UK No.1 album, by the time Nashville Skyline was recorded, the political climate in the United States had grown more polarized. In 1968, civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. riots had broken out in several major cities, including a major one surrounding the Democratic National Convention in Chicago and a number of racially motivated riots spurred by Kings assassination. A new President, Richard Nixon, was sworn into office in January 1969, protests over a wide range of political topics became more frequent. Dylan had been a cultural figure, noted for his political and social commentary throughout the 1960s. Even as he moved away from songs, he never lost his cultural status. Helped by an appearance on The Johnny Cash Show on June 7. Three singles were pulled from it, all of which received significant airplay on AM radio, despite the dramatic, commercial shift in direction, the press also gave Nashville Skyline a warm reception. A critic for Newsweek wrote of the great charm, and the ways Dylan, both as composer and performer, has found to exploit subtle differences on a deliberately limited emotional and verbal scale. In Rolling Stone, Paul Nelson wrote, Nashville Skyline achieves the impossible, a deep, humane. However, Nelson would retract his opinion in a review for Bob Dylans Greatest Hits Vol. II less than three years later, writing, I was misinformed, thats why no one should pay any attention to critics, especially the artist. In Christgaus opinion, he has gone to music because it is a repository of Jeffersonian values of rugged individualism, anti-statism. But he has no apparent interest in exposing, or even understanding, for although country music appears Jeffersonian, it is really Jacksonian--intensely chauvinistic, racist, majority-oriented, and antiaristocratic in the worst as well as the best sense. That is to say, it both sides of populism, the democratic and the fascistic. A few critics expressed some disappointment, ed Ochs of Billboard wrote, the satisfied man speaks in clichés, and blushes as if every day were Valentines DayNashville Skyline – Nashville Skyline
20. Bunny Berigan – Although he composed some jazz instrumentals such as Chicken and Waffles and Blues, Berigan was best known for his virtuoso jazz trumpeting. His 1937 classic recording I Cant Get Started was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame in 1975, Berigan was born in Hilbert, Wisconsin, the son of William Patrick Berigan and Mary Catherine Schlitzberg, and raised in Fox Lake. Having learned the violin and trumpet by 14, Berigan played in local orchestras by his mid-teens and he attended the University of Wisconsin, teaching trumpet and playing in dance bands after school hours before joining the successful Hal Kemp orchestra in 1930. His first recorded trumpet solos came with it, which toured England and he also appeared as featured soloist with bands fronted by Rudy Vallee, Tommy Dorsey, Abe Lyman, Paul Whiteman and Benny Goodman. Shortly after the Kemp unit returned to the U. S. in late 1930, Berigan, like fellow trumpeter Manny Klein, fred Rich, Freddy Martin and Ben Selvin were just some conductors who sought his services for record dates. He joined the staff of CBS radio network musicians in early 1931, Berigan recorded his first vocal, At Your Command, with Rich that year. From late 1932 through early 1934, Berigan was a member of Paul Whitemans orchestra and he returned to freelancing in the New York recording studios and working on staff at CBS radio in 1934. He recorded as a sideman on hundreds of records, most notably with the Dorsey Brothers and on Glenn Millers earliest recording date as a leader in 1935. At the same time, however, Berigan made an association that began his ascent to fame in his own right, he joined Benny Goodmans Swing band. Legendary jazz talent scout and producer John H. Berigan recorded a number of classic solos while with Goodman, including on King Porter Stomp, Sometimes Im Happy, Berigan left Goodman to return again to freelancing as a recording and radio musician in Manhattan. During this time, he began to record regularly under his own name, and continued to back such as Bing Crosby, Mildred Bailey. He spend some time with Tommy Dorseys orchestra in late 1936 and early 1937, working as a jazz soloist on Dorseys radio program and his solo on the Dorsey hit recording Marie became considered one of his signature performances. In 1937, Berigan assembled a band to record and tour under his name, picking the then-little known Ira Gershwin/Vernon Duke composition, I Cant Get Started as his theme song. He made three attempts to organize a band of his own, his last try meeting success, playing trumpet in every number while directing the band. Berigans bravura trumpet work and curiously attractive vocal made his performance of it for Victor the biggest hit of his career. Berigan modeled his style in part on Louis Armstrongs. Still, his sound and jazz ideas were unique, earning Armstrongs praise both before and after Berigans death. Berigan got the itch to lead his own band full-time and did so from early 1937 until June 1942, with one six-month hiatus in 1940, some of the records he made with his own bands were equal in quality to the sides he cut with Goodman and DorseyBunny Berigan – Bunny Berigan
21. Chattanooga Choo Choo – Chattanooga Choo Choo is a 1941 song written by Mack Gordon and composed by Harry Warren. It was originally recorded as a tune by Glenn Miller and His Orchestra. The song was a production number in the 20th Century Fox film Sun Valley Serenade. The Glenn Miller recording, RCA Bluebird B-11230-B, became the #1 song across the United States on December 7,1941, the flip side of the single was I Know Why, which was the A side. This is followed by the introduction of four lines before the main part of the song is heard. The main song opens with a dialog between a passenger and a boy, Pardon me, boy, is that the Chattanooga Choo-Choo. Boy, you can give me a shine, after the entire song is sung, the band plays two parts of the main melody as an instrumental, with the instruments imitating the WHOO WHOO of the train as the song ends. The 78-rpm was recorded on May 7,1941, for RCA Victors Bluebird label and became the first to be certified a gold disc on February 10,1942, for 1,200,000 sales. The transcription of this ceremony can be heard on the first of three volumes of RCAs Legendary Performer compilations released by RCA in the 1970s. In the early 1990s a two-channel recording of a portion of the Sun Valley Serenade soundtrack was discovered, the song was written by the team of Mack Gordon and Harry Warren while traveling on the Southern Railways Birmingham Special train. The song tells the story of traveling from New York City to Chattanooga and that train is now a museum artifact. From 1880, most trains bound for Americas South passed through the southeastern Tennessee city of Chattanooga, the most notable reason why the song isnt about any particular train is because of the line, nothing could be finer|than to have your ham and eggs in Carolina. The rails, especially the routes of the early 1900s. Any route from Pennsylvania Station to Chattanooga through Carolina would be disjointed at best, the composition was nominated for an Academy Award in 1941 for Best Song from a movie. The song achieved its success that even though it could not be heard on network radio for much of 1941 due to the ASCAP boycott. In 1996, the 1941 recording of Chattanooga Choo Choo by Glenn Miller, other notable performances include, Cab Calloway and His Orchestra recorded a cover version of Chattanooga Choo Choo for Conqueror Records in 1941. Carmen Miranda recorded a cover on July 25,1942, bill Haley & His Comets released a cover of Chattanooga Choo Choo as a 45 single on Essex Records in 1954. Pianist Floyd Cramer recorded a version on RCA Records in 1962Chattanooga Choo Choo – "Chattanooga Choo Choo" cover
22. Johnny Mathis – John Royce Johnny Mathis is an American singer of popular music and jazz. Mathis has sold well over 100 million records worldwide, according to Guinness Book of British Hit Singles writer and charts music historian Paul Gambaccini, Mathis also recorded six albums of Christmas music. In a 1968 interview, Mathis cited Lena Horne, Nat King Cole, Mathis was born in Gilmer, Texas, United States, in 1935, the fourth of seven children of Clem Mathis and Mildred Boyd. The family moved to San Francisco, California, settling on 32nd Avenue in the Richmond District and his father had worked in vaudeville, and when he saw his sons talent, he bought an old upright piano for $25 and encouraged him. Mathis began learning songs and routines from his father and his first song was My Blue Heaven. Mathis started singing and dancing for visitors at home, at school, when he was 13, voice teacher Connie Cox accepted him as her student in exchange for work around her house. Mathis studied with Cox for six years, learning scales and exercises, voice production, classical. He is one of the few popular singers who received years of professional voice training that included opera. The first band he sang with was formed by his school friend Merl Saunders. Mathis eulogized him at his funeral in 2008, thanking him for giving him his first chance as a singer, Mathis was a star athlete at George Washington High School in San Francisco. He was a jumper and hurdler, and he played on the basketball team. In 1954, he enrolled at San Francisco State University on a scholarship, intending to become an English teacher. In San Francisco while singing at a Sunday afternoon jam session with a jazz sextet at the Black Hawk Club, Mathis attracted the attention of the clubs co-founder. After repeated calls, Noga finally persuaded Avakian to come hear Mathis at the 440 Club, after hearing Mathis sing, Avakian sent his record company a telegram stating, Have found phenomenal 19-year-old boy who could go all the way. At San Francisco State, Mathis had become noteworthy as a jumper, and in 1956 he was asked to try out for the U. S. Olympic Team that would travel to Melbourne, Australia. Mathis had to decide whether to go to the Olympic trials or to keep his appointment in New York City to make his first recordings, on his fathers advice, Mathis opted to embark on a professional singing career. His LP record album was released in late 1956 instead of waiting until the first quarter of 1957, Mathiss first record album, Johnny Mathis, A New Sound In Popular Song, was a slow-selling jazz album, but Mathis stayed in New York City to sing in nightclubs. His second album was produced by Columbia Records vice-president and record producer Mitch Miller, Miller preferred that Mathis sing soft, romantic ballads, pairing him up with conductor and music arranger Ray Conniff, and later, Ray Ellis, Glenn Osser, and Robert MerseyJohnny Mathis – Johnny Mathis in concert at the Chumash Casino Resort in Santa Ynez, California, on May 25, 2006.
23. Percy Faith – Percy Faith was a Canadian bandleader, orchestrator, composer and conductor, known for his lush arrangements of pop and Christmas standards. He is often credited with popularizing the easy listening or mood music format, Faith became a staple of American popular music in the 1950s and continued well into the 1960s. Faith was born and raised in Toronto, Ontario and he was the oldest of eight children. His parents, Abraham Faith and Minnie, née Rottenberg, were Jewish and he played violin and piano as a child, and played in theatres and at Massey Hall. After his hands were burned in a fire, he turned to conducting. Beginning with defunct stations CKNC and CKCL, Faith was a staple of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporations live-music broadcasting from 1933 to 1940, in the early 1940s, Faith was orchestra leader for the Carnation Contented program on NBC. From 1948-1949 he also served as the leader on the CBS radio network program The Coca-Cola Hour. The orchestral accordionist John Serry Sr. collaborated with Faith in these broadcasts, in 1945, he became a naturalized citizen of the United States. He made many recordings for Voice of America and his most famous and remembered recordings are Delicado, The Song from Moulin Rouge and Theme from A Summer Place, which won the Grammy Award for Record of the Year in 1961. His Themes for Young Lovers album was a top seller during this era, with the success of Columbia record-mate Ray Conniffs chorus and orchestra during this same time, Faith began using a chorus in several popular albums from the mid-1960s on. Faiths first single with a chorus, Yellow Days, was a substantial hit in the MOR easy listening radio format of the mid-1960s. Faith continued to enjoy airplay and consistent album sales throughout the early 1970s and his other film scores included romantic comedies and dramatic features such as Tammy Tell Me True, Id Rather Be Rich, The Third Day and The Oscar. Faith also composed the theme for the long running NBC series The Virginian. Faith died of cancer in Encino, California, and was interred in the Hillside Memorial Park Cemetery in Culver City and his wife, Mary Faith, was born November 24,1909, and died November 27,1997, in Los Angeles. They married in 1928 and had 2 children, Marilyn and PeterPercy Faith – Faith at work in 1949.
24. Al Lohman – Al Lohman was a personality and comedian with a long career in American radio from the 1950s through the 1980s and into the 1990s. Among his early career stops was a stint as morning man at New York City top-40 station WABC when it first adopted a pop music format in 1960. Their fame extended beyond the Los Angeles area as the duo were frequent guests on The Ed Sullivan Show and were hosts of two short-lived television shows. The first was a 1969 game show, Lohman & Barkleys Name Droppers while the second was a comedy/variety show from 1979 called Bedtime Stories, audiences tuned in by the thousands to hear Lohmans quick wit and vast array of character voices play against Barkleys straight man routine. These characters and others were regular occurrences in a segment called Light Of My Life. One character had a lasting impact than the others. Dominic Longo was the name of one of the shows sponsors. The commercials for the dealership were live, mostly ad-libbed and might run as long as two minutes, Roger Barkley interviewed Lohmans Mafioso-sounding Longo in the commercials. Dominic Longo didnt simply wheel and deal, instead, he whelt and dealt like no one ever whelt and dealt before. He hobbled spaniels, and so on, the commercials were an incredible success and played a huge part in helping make Longo Toyota the nations largest Toyota dealer. Among the more outrageous spoofs given its subject matter was a series of recurring commercials for the fictitious Doc in the Box medical group with their promise of drive-thru vasectomies, the name in turn was a spoof of the American fast food chain, Jack in the Box. In 1986, Roger Barkley suddenly and unexpectedly quit the duo after twenty-two years, much to Lohmans shock, Lohman and Barkley never spoke again after that. Lohman stayed at KFI and teamed for a while with Gary Owens, although Lohman and Barkleys morning KFI show was mostly talk and skits, an occasional tune was played, probably to give the guys a restroom break. He said if he heard Hotel California one more time that he might just get up and he also alluded to Lohmans increasing undisciplined ways including a growing tendency to not be at the station in time for the start of the show. Obviously Barkley was simply tiring of the situation, years later on the Los Angeles Ken and Barkley KABC radio show, when Ken Minyard mentioned Al Lohman, Barkley remarked he says that I destroyed his career. Ironically, Barkley went through a bit of the same, the Ken and Barkley show was dropping in ratings in the very competitive LA morning market, and Barkley was dropped too. Minyard continued on with a new format and he said that Barkley was very upset, but that the station demanded a change. In 1989, KFI brought Lohman back and teamed him with radio legend Gary Owens and it was produced by Jeff GehringerAl Lohman – Al Lohman in 1990
25. Suicide Is Painless – Song from M*A*S*H is a song written by Johnny Mandel and Mike Altman, which was the theme song for both the movie and TV series M*A*S*H. Mike Altman is the son of the original director, Robert Altman. Several instrumental versions of the song were used as the theme for the TV series and it became a number one hit in the UK Singles Chart in May 1980. The song was ranked #66 on AFIs 100 Years.100 Songs, the song was written specifically for Ken Prymus, who sang it during the faux suicide of Walter Painless Pole Waldowski in the films Last Supper scene. Robert Altman had two stipulations about the song for Mandel, first, it had to be called Suicide Is Painless, second, Altman tried to write the lyrics himself, but found that it was too difficult for his 45-year-old brain to write stupid enough. Instead he gave the task to his 14-year-old-son, Michael, who wrote the lyrics in five minutes, Altman later decided that the song worked so well, he would use it as the films main theme, despite Mandels initial objections. This version was sung by uncredited session singers John Bahler, Tom Bahler, Ron Hicklin and Ian Freebairn-Smith and the single was attributed to The Mash. A. S. H. In the UK it was a double A-side charity single to help The Spastics Society, the single peaked at number 7 in the UK Singles Chart spending three weeks in the Top Ten. Al De Lory recorded a piano version for his 1970 album Al De Lory Plays Song from M*A*S*H. This version peaked at #7 on the adult contemporary chart during the summer of 1970, henry Mancini recorded an easy listening version for his 1970 album Mancini Plays the Theme from Love Story. Andre Kostelanetz recorded an easy listening version for his 1970 album Everything Is Beautiful, fung Bo Bo recorded a female-vocal version on a Malaysian EP in 1970. Ahmad Jamal recorded an instrumental version for his 1974 album Jamalca. This version was included on some re-releases of the soundtrack album, Jamal recorded another version of the tune for his 1985 album Digital Works. Roy Ayers recorded a version for his 1974 album Change Up the Groove. Paul Desmond recorded a version for his 1974 album Pure Desmond. 101 Strings recorded an easy listening version for their 1975 album T. V. Themes, kerstin Forslund and the Small Town Singers released a version in 1975. The single peaked at 17th position in Sweden, Top 100 chart in Australia, norrie Paramor recorded an instrumental version for his 1975 album Radio 2 Top Tunes Vol.3. Ray Conniff recorded an easy listening version for his 1976 album Theme from S. W. A. T. and Other TV ThemesSuicide Is Painless – "Suicide Is Painless"
26. Candida (song) – Candida was the first single released by the American pop music group Dawn, with vocals by Tony Orlando, in July 1970. The song, written by Irwin Levine and Toni Wine, was produced by Dave Appell, Appell and Medress originally recorded another singer on the track, but decided that a different vocal approach would be preferable. Medress then approached Orlando to do the vocals, Orlando had been a professional singer in the early 1960s, but now worked as a music publishing manager for Columbia Records. Although initially worried about losing his job at Columbia, Orlando eventually agreed to lend his voice to the track, Candida became a worldwide hit, reaching number one in five countries, and the top ten in many others. It was included on Dawns debut LP in 1970 and later appeared on compilation albums. Andy Williams, Jesse Winchester, Ray Conniff, and Bernd Spier are among the artists who have covered the song, in 1970 Hank Medress of the Tokens and Dave Appell were producing a song called Candida for Bell Records. The composition was written by Toni Wine and Irwin Levine, for the first recording of the song, the lead vocal was done by blues singer Frankie Paris, in a style reminiscent of the Drifters. Pariss performance was deemed unsatisfactory, and a new singer was sought for the track, Medress believed that an ethnic feel would suit the song well. He asked his friend Tony Orlando, whose heritage is Puerto Rican and Greek, when Medress approached Orlando, he was reluctant to perform on a Bell Records single, as he did not want to jeopardize his job at Columbia. Medress reassured him by saying they would use a name for the release. Orlando finally agreed, partly because he believed the song would be unsuccessful and he went into a studio with Appell and Medress, and sang his lead vocal over prerecorded tracks. Background vocals were done by Wine and the Tokens Jay Siegel, by different accounts, additional background singers may have included Ellie Greenwich, Robin Grean, Leslie Miller, and Linda November. Phil Margo and Siegel played instruments on at least one of the versions of the song, the music of Orlandos version has been described as having a lilting, sing-along groove. Candida was released as a single in July 1970 under the moniker Dawn, named after the daughter of either Jay Siegel or Bell Records executive Steve Wax. The single reached number one in Brazil, Malaysia, Singapore, Spain, and Sweden, and the top ten in Austria, Canada, Denmark, Mexico, New Zealand, Norway, South Africa, the UK, and the USA. It also reached the top twenty in Australia, Belgium, billboard ranked the record as the No.18 song of 1970. Jay Warner, author of American Singing Groups, A History from 1940 to Today, the Corporations recording was produced by Bill and Steve James, and released on Musicor Records. Warner believes that this version was based on an early, slower piano-and-vocals demo by Toni Wine, however, although for a short while it seemed there might be competition between the two, the Corporations single did not sell wellCandida (song) – "Candida"
27. Jill Corey – Jill Corey is an American popular standards singer. Corey was born Norma Jean Speranza in Avonmore, Pennsylvania, a mining community about forty miles east of Pittsburgh, she was a coal miners daughter. She began singing as an imitator of Carmen Miranda at family gatherings, at the age of 13, she began to develop her own style. She won first prize at a talent contest sponsored by the Lions Club and this got her an offer to have her own program. By the age of 14 she was working seven nights a week, earning $5 a night, by the age of 17 she was a local celebrity talent. It was suggested she make a recording to demonstrate her singing skills to the outside show business world. She made the recording at the home of the owner of a tape recorder in town, with trains going by in the background. But the tape came to the attention of Mitch Miller, who headed the artists & repertory section at Columbia Records. He normally received over 100 record demos a week, and this one, with a 17-year-old girl and its train background and he telephoned her in Avonmore, and the next morning she flew to New York to be heard by Miller in a more normal studio setting. Miller had Life Magazine send over reporters and photographers, and had her audition with Arthur Godfrey, the Life photographers reenacted her signing a contract with Columbia, and all this happened in a single day, with her headed back to Avonmore that night. Both Garroway and Godfrey called her, and it was her choice to one, she picked Garroway. Within six weeks the Life article, with a picture and seven pages. Jill Corey became the youngest star ever at the Copacabana nightclub and she worked on television in New York with Garroway, Robert Q. In 1956 she became a regular on Johnny Carsons CBS-network comedy-variety show from California, in addition, she had her own syndicated radio and television shows, and became the last featured singer on Your Hit Parade. In 1959 she starred in a musical film for Columbia Pictures. A two-CD compilation of her complete singles was released in June,2015 and she suspended her career to marry Pittsburgh Pirates third baseman Don Hoak, with whom she had a daughter, Clare. Hoak died of an attack at age 41 after they had been married eight years. She then resumed her career in New York CityJill Corey – Corey in 1955.
28. The Little Drummer Boy – The Little Drummer Boy is a popular Christmas song written by the American classical music composer and teacher Katherine Kennicott Davis in 1941. It was recorded in 1951 by the Trapp Family Singers and realised on the choirs first LP Christmas with the Trapp Family Singers and these were the first recordings released on their new record label Decca Records and further popularized by a 1958 recording by the Harry Simeone Chorale. This version was re-released successfully for years and the song has been recorded many times since. The song was originally titled Carol of the Drum and was published by Davis as based upon a traditional Czech carol and it is headed Czech Carol freely transcribed by K. K. D, these initials then deleted and replaced with C. R. W. Robinson, a name under which Davis sometimes published, the Czech original of the carol has never been identified. In 1957 it was recorded, with an altered arrangement. Simeone and Onorati claimed joint composition credits with Davis, the album and the song were an enormous success, the single scoring on the U. S. music charts from 1958 to 1962. In 1963, the album was reissued under the title The Little Drummer Boy, A Christmas Festival, the following year the album was released in stereo. In 1988, The Little Drummer Boy, A Christmas Festival was released on CD by Casablanca Records, and subsequently, on Island Records. Harry Simeone, who in 1964 had signed with Kapp Records, recorded a new version of The Little Drummer Boy in 1965 for his album O Bambino, Simeone recorded the song a third and final time in 1981, for an album on the budget Holiday Records label. The story depicted in the song is similar to a 12th-century legend retold by Anatole France as Le Jongleur de Notre Dame. The Crusaders released their version of the song as a single, jackie Evancho covered the song with Il Volo on her album Someday at Christmas In Spanish speaking countries it is a common carol recorded under the name El niño del tambor or El tamborilero. One of the better known cover versions of the song is sung by Spanish singer Raphael, in French speaking countries since Nana Mouskouri 1965 version it is a common song recorded under the name Lenfant au tambour. A Punjabi version was recorded under the name Drummer Boy - Kich Ke in 2014 by Canadian YouTube sensation Jus Reign for his Geeta Brothers Presents - Punjabi Christmas Album. The Finnish band Northern Kings recorded a version with Finnish lyrics, entitled Pieni Rumpali, in 2015, Sonata Arctica frontman Tony Kakko, who sang on the Raskasta Joulua version, and Apocalyptica cellist Eicca Toppinen collaborated to record another version. The Little Drummer Boy at Keyframe - the Animation Resource The Little Drummer Boy at the Internet Movie Database Lyrics of this song at MetroLyricsThe Little Drummer Boy – K.K. Davis' "The Little Drummer Boy" was first recorded in 1955 as "Carol of the Drum"
29. This Is My Song (1967 song) – This Is My Song is a song written by Charlie Chaplin in 1966, and performed by Petula Clark. This is My Song was intended for the film A Countess from Hong Kong, Chaplin saw his film as a throwback to the shipboard romances that were popular in the 1930s, and wrote This Is My Song with the intent of evoking that era. Ultimately, the song would be featured in the film only as an instrumental, after being disillusioned with regard to Jolson, Chaplin considered having This Is My Song recorded by Petula Clark, who had a home in Switzerland near his residence. However, Clarks regular collaborator Tony Hatch was not impressed with the song, French label Vogue Records then commissioned a then successful French arranger Jacques Denjean whose work was judged unsuitable by Wolff. Clark recorded the song not only in English, but in French as Cest Ma Chanson, German as Love, So Heisst Mein Song, the recording session featured the backing of the Wrecking Crew. Instead, she found herself atop the UK Singles Chart for the first time in six years when This Is My Song reached no.1 on the chart dated 16 February 1967, a position it retained the next week. Certified Silver for sales of 250,000, the sales of This Is My Song in the UK would exceed 500,000. This Is My Song was also included on Clarks next album, These Are My Songs and this Is My Song also earned hit status in Finland, India, New Zealand, Norway, and Spain. The North American single release omitted the opening section, following the instrumental introduction. This Is My Song reached #3 in the U. S. the These Are My Songs album peaked at #27 in the U. S. becoming Clarks second—and final—US Top 30 album. In Germany, the English version competed with the German-language version with the more successful, reaching #16 while Love. In Italy, the rendering Cara Felicità reached #23, the two singles before This Is My Song, Who Am I. and Colour My World, had failed to reach the UK Top 50. This made the strong UK showing of This Is My Song—Clarks first single release since Downtown to be written nor produced by Hatch—the more remarkable. The follow-up single Dont Sleep in the Subway resumed the Clark/Hatch collaboration and was a UK hit but, like all Clarks releases after This Is My Song, the one published biography of Clark written to date is This Is My Song. The first recording of This Is My Song was made by Harry Secombe with Wally Stott responsible for arranging and conducting. Secombe himself found the lyrics risible, several takes were necessitated due to his bursting into laughter when he tried to sing the line, despite the eventual UK release of Clarks version as a single. This Is My Songs appeal was strong enough to sustain two versions high on the chart, secombes version debuted at number 44 on 25 February 1967 to rise as high as number two on the chart dated 1 April. Secombe was also afforded a hit with This Is My Song in Australia, Ireland, the Seekers also recorded a version of This Is My Song in 1967, however the track was unreleased until 1995 when it was included on The Seekers - Complete box setThis Is My Song (1967 song) – "This Is My Song"
30. Downtown (Petula Clark song) – Downtown is a song composed by Tony Hatch which, as recorded by Petula Clark in 1964, became an international hit, reaching No.1 in Billboard Hot 100 and No.2 in UK Singles Chart. Hatch received the 1981 Ivor Novello award for Best Song Musically and Lyrically, the song has been covered by many singers, including Dolly Parton and Emma Bunton. Tony Hatch had first worked with Petula Clark when he assisted her regular producer Alan A. Freeman on her 1961 #1 hit Sailor. In 1963 Freeman had asked Hatch to take over as Clarks regular producer, in the autumn of 1964 Hatch had made his first visit to New York City, the purpose being to seek material from music publishers for the artists he was producing. Hatch would recall, I was staying at a hotel on Central Park and I wandered down to Broadway and to Times Square and, naively, forgetting that in New York especially, downtown is a lot further downtown getting on towards Battery Park. I loved the atmosphere there and the came to me very, very quickly. According to Hatch he was standing on the corner of 48th St waiting for the lights to change, looking towards Times Square when the melody first came to me. Hatch said of the meeting, she was not very enthusiastic about, Clark, who first heard Downtown from her kitchen having stepped away to make a pot of tea, told Hatch, Thats the one I want to record – Get that finished. Get a great arrangement and I think we’ll at least have a song we’re proud to record if it isn’t a hit. Downtown was recorded 16 October 1964 at the Pye Studios in Marble Arch, thirty minutes before the session was scheduled, Hatch was still touching up the songs lyrics in the studios washroom. Hatchs assistant Bob Leaper acted as conductor, according to Petula Clark, the session for Downtown consisted of three takes with the second take ultimately chosen as the completed track. Tony Hatch would recall playing the completed Downtown track for Pye Records executives saying, Nobody knew what to make of it, then Pyes general manager called and said Joe Smith – Warner Bros. head of A&R – was in London looking for British material. When Joe heard Pets record, he loved it and scheduled the single for urgent release in the States, when Hatch, surprised by Smiths enthusiasm for releasing Downtown in the US, asked if Smith didnt consider Downtown to be a very English record Smith replied, Its perfect. Its just an observation from outside of America and its just beautiful, in the wake of Smiths interest Downtown was released in the UK in November 1964. Downtown rose to No.2 UK in December 1964, remaining there for three weeks, kept out of the #1 position by the Beatles I Feel Fine, Downtown debuted at #87 on the Hot 100 chart in the Billboard issue dated 19 December 1964. The song became the first #1 hit for the year 1965, Downtown also made Clark the first UK female artist to have a single certified as a Gold record for US sales of one million units. In addition, the original 1964 recording was remixed and released in 1988 as Downtown 88, a Top Ten UK hit, Clark would recall, The first time I heard the 88 remix of Downtown I was in my car. And it turned out to be me, theyd wiped out the orchestra and put on some kind of ticka-ticka-tick thingDowntown (Petula Clark song) – "Downtown"
31. Johnny Dowd – Johnny Dowd is an American alternative country musician from Ithaca, New York. Typical of his style are experimental, noisy breaks in his songs, there is also a strong undercurrent of black humor and the absurd in his work. Although his early albums were most celebrated in the alternative country community, as a singer-songwriter, his music is most often compared to that of Tom Waits, Nick Cave and Captain Beefheart. Born in Fort Worth, Texas in 1948, Dowds family moved to Memphis, Tennessee in 1950 and he received a record player for Christmas in 1956 and began buying records at a local appliance store. Although the first LP he owned was by the Ray Conniff Singers, it was the music of Hank Williams, Elvis Presley, Ray Charles and James Brown and he cites James Browns Live at the Apollo as his lifelong favorite album. In 1965, along with his mother and sisters, Johnny returned to Memphis after his parents divorce, after serving in the U. S. Dowd and Hinkle began moving furniture for a living, later naming their business the Zolar Moving Company. Dowd formed a band in the 1970s named The Jokers, which included Johnny, his sister Jennifer Edmondson, Neon Baptist was one of the founding acts of the GrassRoots Festival, where Dowd has performed annually since 1991. By the time Neon Baptist disbanded in 1995, Dowd was recording songs alone in the office of his moving company. These songs first appeared in 1995 on a demo cassette as Wrong Side of Memphis. The album was released on Koch Records in early 1998. Favorable reviews led to some of his first European appearances in 1998, in the wake of the critical acclaim for Wrong Side of Memphis, Dowd released his second album, Pictures From Lifes Other Side, in 1999, also to positive reviews. That year also saw the first of Dowds US and European tours, after the self-released, experimental Down In The Valley in 2000 came Temporary Shelter. A Dutch TV documentary on Dowd was filmed in 2000, and in early 2001, Dowds The Pawnbrokers Wife album was released in 2002, followed by Wire Flowers, More Songs from the Wrong Side of Memphis in 2003. That same year, he was handpicked by The Simpsons creator Matt Groening and he also made his major film appearance in 2003 with Searching for the Wrong-Eyed Jesus. The album Cemetery Shoes was released in 2004, cruel Words, released in 2006, went on to win the Alt Country award in the 7th Annual Independent Music Awards the following year. In 2006, Dowd, drummer Brian Wilson and Jim White formed the band Hellwood and their album, Chainsaw of Life, was recorded in a cabin in New York, the walls of which were covered in musician obituaries. Hellwood toured the album in Europe, in April 2007, Dowd joined Beukorkest, a collaboration of various Dutch musicians and artists, for a nine-show tour of the Netherlands. In 2008, after an album of tracks from the tour was released, Dowd released A Drunkards Masterpiece in early 2008 in the U. SJohnny Dowd – Johnny Dowd
32. Bob Dylan – Bob Dylan is an American songwriter, singer, painter, and writer. He has been influential in music and culture for more than five decades. Much of his most celebrated work dates from the 1960s, when his songs chronicled social unrest, early songs such as Blowin in the Wind and The Times They Are a-Changin became anthems for the Civil Rights Movement and anti-war movement. Leaving behind his initial base in the American folk music revival, his six-minute single Like a Rolling Stone, recorded in 1965, Dylans lyrics incorporate a wide range of political, social, philosophical, and literary influences. They defied existing pop music conventions and appealed to the burgeoning counterculture, initially inspired by the performances of Little Richard and the songwriting of Woody Guthrie, Robert Johnson, and Hank Williams, Dylan has amplified and personalized musical genres. Dylan performs with guitar, keyboards, and harmonica, backed by a changing lineup of musicians, he has toured steadily since the late 1980s on what has been dubbed the Never Ending Tour. His accomplishments as a recording artist and performer have been central to his career, since 1994, Dylan has published seven books of drawings and paintings, and his work has been exhibited in major art galleries. As a musician, Dylan has sold more than 100 million records and he has also received numerous awards including eleven Grammy Awards, a Golden Globe Award, and an Academy Award. Dylan has been inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, Minnesota Music Hall of Fame, Nashville Songwriters Hall of Fame, and Songwriters Hall of Fame. The Pulitzer Prize jury in 2008 awarded him a citation for his profound impact on popular music and American culture. In May 2012, Dylan received the Presidential Medal of Freedom from President Barack Obama, in 2016, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature for having created new poetic expressions within the great American song tradition. Bob Dylan was born Robert Allen Zimmerman in St. Marys Hospital on May 24,1941, in Duluth, Minnesota and he has a younger brother, David. Dylans paternal grandparents, Zigman and Anna Zimmerman, emigrated from Odessa, in the Russian Empire and his maternal grandparents, Ben and Florence Stone, were Lithuanian Jews who arrived in the United States in 1902. Dylans father, Abram Zimmerman – an electric-appliance shop owner – and mother, Beatrice Beatty Stone, were part of a small, close-knit Jewish community. They lived in Duluth until Robert was six, when his father had polio and the returned to his mothers hometown, Hibbing. In his early years he listened to the radio—first to blues and country stations from Shreveport, Louisiana, and later and he formed several bands while attending Hibbing High School. In the Golden Chords, he performed covers of songs by Little Richard and their performance of Danny & the Juniors Rock and Roll Is Here to Stay at their high school talent show was so loud that the principal cut the microphone. In 1959, his high school yearbook carried the caption Robert Zimmerman, the same year, as Elston Gunnn, he performed two dates with Bobby Vee, playing piano and clappingBob Dylan – Dylan onstage at Azkena Rock Festival, Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain, June 26, 2010