Spectre (2015 film)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the James Bond film. For other meanings, see Spectre (disambiguation).
Spectre
James Bond, holding a gun and standing next to Dr. Swann in front of a masked man, with the film's title and credits
British release poster
Directed by Sam Mendes
Produced by
Screenplay by
Story by
  • John Logan
  • Neal Purvis
  • Robert Wade
Based on James Bond
by Ian Fleming
Starring
Music by Thomas Newman
Cinematography Hoyte van Hoytema
Edited by Lee Smith
Production
company
Distributed by
Release date
  • 26 October 2015 (2015-10-26) (United Kingdom)
  • 6 November 2015 (2015-11-06) (United States)
Running time
148 minutes[1]
Country
  • United Kingdom
  • United States[2]
Budget $245–250 million[N 1]
Box office $880.7 million[10]

Spectre is the 24th instalment in the James Bond film series and the twenty-sixth overall. It was produced by Eon Productions for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and Columbia Pictures. It is Daniel Craig's fourth performance as James Bond, and Christoph Waltz's first as Ernst Stavro Blofeld, with the film marking the character's re-introduction into the series. It was directed by Sam Mendes as his second James Bond film following Skyfall, with a screenplay written by John Logan, Neal Purvis, Robert Wade and Jez Butterworth. With a budget around $245 million, it is the most expensive Bond film and one of the most expensive films ever made.

The story sees Bond pitted against the global criminal organisation Spectre and against their leader; Ernst Stavro Blofeld, who is revealed to be Bond's adopted brother as he attempts to thwart his plan to launch a global surveillance network, and discovers Spectre and Blofeld were behind the events of the previous three films. The film marks Spectre's first appearance in an Eon Productions film since 1971's Diamonds Are Forever,[N 2] with Christoph Waltz playing the organisation's leader Ernst Stavro Blofeld. Several recurring James Bond characters, including M, Q and Eve Moneypenny return, with the new additions of Léa Seydoux as Dr. Madeleine Swann, Dave Bautista as Mr. Hinx, Andrew Scott as Max Denbigh and Monica Bellucci as Lucia Sciarra. Spectre was filmed from December 2014 to July 2015, with locations in Austria, the United Kingdom, Italy, Morocco and Mexico.

The film was released on 26 October 2015 in the United Kingdom on the same night as the world premiere at the Royal Albert Hall in London, followed by a worldwide release which included IMAX screenings. It was released in the United States one week later, on 6 November. Upon its release, the film received mildly positive reviews from critics. Its acting, suspense, and action sequences were praised, and both Waltz and Bautista received widespread acclaim for their performances as Blofeld and Hinx, respectively; the theme song and screenplay were considered lacking. The theme song, "Writing's on the Wall", performed by the British singer Sam Smith won the Academy Award for Best Original Song and the corresponding Golden Globe. Spectre grossed over a total of $880 million worldwide, the second largest unadjusted income for the series after its predecessor Skyfall.

Plot[edit]

Following Gareth Mallory's promotion to M, James Bond takes leave from MI6. Receiving a posthumous message from the previous M, Bond carries out an unauthorised mission in Mexico City, killing three men plotting a terrorist bombing on a stadium, before giving chase to their leader, Marco Sciarra. In the ensuing struggle, Bond steals his ring, which is emblazoned with a stylised octopus. Upon returning to London, Bond is indefinitely suspended from field duty by M. Parallel to this, M is in the midst of a power struggle with Max Denbigh (whom Bond dubs "C"), the head of a privately-backed agency, the Joint Intelligence Service. C campaigns for Britain to form "Nine Eyes", a global surveillance and intelligence co-operation initiative and uses his influence to close down the '00' section as he believes it to be outdated.

Bond disobeys M's order and travels to Rome to attend Sciarra's funeral. That evening he seduces Sciarra's widow Lucia, who tells him about Spectre, an organisation of businessmen with criminal and terrorist connections to which her husband belonged. Bond uses Sciarra's ring to infiltrate a Spectre meeting, where he identifies the leader, Franz Oberhauser. When Oberhauser addresses Bond by name, he is pursued across the city by Spectre's assassin, Mr. Hinx. Moneypenny informs Bond that the information he collected leads to Mr. White, a former member of Quantum—a subsidiary of Spectre—who has fallen afoul of Oberhauser and has been marked for assassination. Bond asks her to investigate Oberhauser, who was presumed dead years earlier.

Bond locates White in Austria, where he learns that White is dying of thallium poisoning. He admits to growing disenchanted with Quantum and tells Bond to find and protect his daughter, Dr. Madeline Swann, who will take him to L'Américain; this will in turn lead him to Spectre. White then commits suicide. Bond approaches Swann, and after rescuing her from Hinx, the two meet Q. Through Sciarra's ring, Q forensically links Oberhauser to Bond's previous missions, identifying Le Chiffre, Dominic Greene and Raoul Silva as Spectre agents. Swann reveals that L'Américain is a hotel in Tangier.

The two travel to the hotel and discover White left evidence directing them to Oberhauser's operations base in the desert. After an encounter with Hinx that sees the assassin killed, Bond and Swann are escorted to Oberhauser's base. There, Oberhauser reveals that Spectre has been funding the Joint Intelligence Service while staging terrorist attacks around the world, creating a need for the Nine Eyes programme. In return C will give Spectre unlimited access to intelligence gathered by Nine Eyes, allowing them to anticipate and counter-act investigations into their operations. Bond is tortured as Oberhauser discusses their shared history: after the younger Bond was orphaned, Oberhauser's father, Hannes, became his temporary guardian. Believing that Bond supplanted his role as son, Oberhauser killed his father and staged his own death, subsequently adopting the name Ernst Stavro Blofeld and going on to form Spectre. Bond and Swann overpower him and escape, destroying the base in an explosion and leaving Blofeld to die.

As the Moroccan facility was one node in a wider network, Bond and Swann return to London where they meet M, Bill Tanner, Q, and Moneypenny with the intention of arresting C and stopping Nine Eyes from being activated. Swann and Bond are abducted separately, while the rest of the group proceed with the plan. After Q succeeds in preventing the Nine Eyes from going online, a brief struggle between M and C ends with C falling to his death. Meanwhile, Bond is taken to the old MI6 building, which is scheduled for demolition. Moving throughout a ruined labyrinth, he encounters a disfigured Blofeld, who tells him that he has a choice between escaping the building before explosives are detonated or die trying to save Swann. Bond finds Swann and the two escape by boat as the building collapses. Bond shoots down Blofeld's helicopter, which crashes onto Westminster Bridge. As Blofeld crawls away from the wreckage, Bond confronts him but leaves him to be arrested by M, before leaving the bridge with Swann.

Cast[edit]

Christoph Waltz as Ernst Stavro Blofeld

Production[edit]

Copyright status[edit]

The ownership of the Spectre organisation—originally stylised "SPECTRE" as an acronym of SPecial Executive for Counter-intelligence, Terrorism, Revenge and Extortion—and its characters, had been at the centre of long-standing litigation starting in 1961 between Ian Fleming and Kevin McClory over the film rights to the novel Thunderball. The dispute began after Fleming incorporated elements of an undeveloped film script written by McClory and screenwriter Jack Whittingham—including characters and plot points—into Thunderball, which McClory contested in court, claiming ownership over elements of the novel.[18] In 1963, Fleming settled out of court with McClory, in an agreement which awarded McClory the film rights. This enabled him to become a producer for the 1965 film Thunderball—with Albert R. Broccoli and Harry Saltzman as executive producers—and the non-Eon film Never Say Never Again, an updated remake of Thunderball, in 1983.[N 3] A second remake, entitled Warhead 2000 A.D., was planned for production and release in the 1990s before being abandoned.[20] Under the terms of the 1963 settlement, the literary rights stayed with Fleming, allowing the Spectre organisation and associated characters to continue appearing in print.[21]

In November 2013 MGM and the McClory estate formally settled the issue with Danjaq, LLC—sister company of Eon Productions—with MGM acquiring the full copyright film rights to the concept of Spectre and all of the characters associated with it.[22] With the acquisition of the film rights and the organisation's re-introduction to the series' continuity, the SPECTRE acronym was discarded and the organisation reimagined as "Spectre".[23][24][25]

Pre-production[edit]

Sam Mendes returned as director.

In March 2013 Mendes said he would not return to direct the next film in the series, then known as Bond 24;[26][27] he later recanted and announced that he would return, as he found the script and the plans for the long-term future of the franchise appealing.[28] In directing Skyfall and Spectre, Mendes became the first director to oversee two consecutive Bond films since John Glen directed The Living Daylights and Licence to Kill in 1987 and 1989.[29] Dennis Gassner returned as the film's production designer,[30] while cinematographer Hoyte van Hoytema took over from Roger Deakins.[30][31] In July 2015 Mendes noted that the combined crew of Spectre numbered over one thousand, making it a larger production than Skyfall.[32] Craig is listed as co-producer. He considered the credit a high point of his career, saying "I'm just so proud of the fact that my name comes up somewhere else on the titles."[33]

In November 2014, Sony Pictures Entertainment was targeted by hackers who released details of confidential e-mails between Sony executives regarding several high-profile film projects. Included within these were several memos relating to the production of Spectre, claiming that the film was over budget, detailing early drafts of the script written by John Logan, and expressing Sony's frustration with the project.[34] Eon Productions later issued a statement confirming the leak of what they called "an early version of the screenplay".[35]

In July 2016, Nicolas Winding Refn revealed that he turned down the offer to direct the movie.[36]

Writing[edit]

Spectre marked the return of many scriptwriters from the previous Bond films, such as Skyfall writer John Logan;[29] Neal Purvis and Robert Wade, who had done work in five previous Bond films;[N 4] and British playwright Jez Butterworth, who had previously made uncredited contributions to Skyfall. Butterworth was brought in to polish the script, being helped by Mendes and Craig. Butterworth considered that his changes involved adding what he would like to see as a teenager, and limited the scenes with Bond talking to men, as "Bond shoots other men—he doesn’t sit around chatting to them. So you put a line through that.”[38] With the acquisition of the rights to Spectre and its associated characters, Purvis and Wade revealed that the film would provide a minor retcon to the continuity of the previous films, with the Quantum organisation alluded to in Casino Royale and introduced in Quantum of Solace reimagined as a division within Spectre rather than an independent organisation.[39]

Despite being an original story, Spectre draws on Ian Fleming's source material, most notably in the character of Franz Oberhauser, played by Christoph Waltz, and his father Hannes. Hannes Oberhauser is a background character in the short story "Octopussy" from the Octopussy and The Living Daylights collection, and is named in the film as having been a temporary legal guardian of a young Bond in 1983.[40] As Sam Mendes searched for events in young Bond's life to follow the childhood discussed in Skyfall, he came across Hannes Oberhauser, who becomes a father figure to Bond. From there Mendes conceived the idea of "a natural child who had been pushed out, cuckoo in the nest" by Bond, which became Franz.[41] Similarly, Charmian Bond is shown to have been his full-time guardian, observing the back story established by Fleming.[40]

Casting[edit]

At the age of 50, Monica Bellucci became the oldest actress to be cast as a Bond girl.

The main cast was revealed in December 2014 at the 007 Stage at Pinewood Studios. Daniel Craig returned for his fourth appearance as James Bond, while Ralph Fiennes, Naomie Harris and Ben Whishaw reprised their roles as M, Eve Moneypenny and Q respectively, having been established in Skyfall. Rory Kinnear also reprised his role as Bill Tanner in his third appearance in the series.[42]

Christoph Waltz was cast in the role of Franz Oberhauser, though he refused to comment on the nature of the part.[43] It was later revealed with the film's release that he is Ernst Stavro Blofeld. Dave Bautista was cast as Mr. Hinx after producers sought an actor with a background in contact sports.[44] After casting Bérénice Lim Marlohe, a relative newcomer, as Sévérine in Skyfall, Mendes consciously sought out a more experienced actor for the role of Madeleine Swann, ultimately casting Léa Seydoux in the role.[45] Monica Bellucci joined the cast as Lucia Sciarra, becoming, at the age of fifty, the oldest actress to be cast as a Bond girl. In a separate interview with Danish website Euroman, Jesper Christensen revealed he would be reprising his role as Mr. White from Casino Royale and Quantum of Solace.[14][15] Christensen's character was reportedly killed off in a scene intended to be used as an epilogue to Quantum of Solace, before it was removed from the final cut of the film, enabling his return in Spectre.[46]

In addition to the principal cast, Alessandro Cremona was cast as Marco Sciarra, Stephanie Sigman was cast as Estrella, and Detlef Bothe was cast as a villain for scenes shot in Austria.[16][47][48] In February 2015 over fifteen hundred extras were hired for the pre-title sequence set in Mexico, though they were duplicated in the film, giving the effect of around ten thousand extras.[49][50][12][51]

Filming[edit]

Mendes revealed that production would begin on 8 December 2014 at Pinewood Studios, with filming taking seven months.[52] Mendes also confirmed several filming locations, including London, Mexico City and Rome. Van Hoytema shot the film on Kodak 35 mm film stock.[53] Early filming took place at Pinewood Studios, and around London, with scenes variously featuring Craig and Harris at Bond's flat, and Craig and Kinnear travelling down the River Thames.[54]

Filming started in Austria in December 2014, with production taking in the area around Sölden—including the Ötztal Glacier Road, Rettenbach glacier and the adjacent ski resort and cable car station—and Obertilliach and Lake Altaussee, before concluding in February 2015..[55][56][57] Scenes filmed in Austria centred on the Ice Q Restaurant, standing in for the fictional Hoffler Klinik, a private medical clinic in the Austrian Alps. Filming included an action scene featuring a Land Rover Defender Bigfoot and a Range Rover Sport.[58] Production was temporarily halted first by an injury to Craig, who sprained his knee whilst shooting a fight scene,[59] and later by an accident involving a filming vehicle that saw three crew members injured, at least one of them seriously.[60][61]

After being cancelled in 2012, the Jaguar C-X75 was recommissioned to appear in Spectre.
The Aston Martin DB10 is driven by Bond in the film.
The Aston Martin DB5 reappears after reconstruction in Q's workshop at the film's ending, with Bond driving away with it.

Filming temporarily returned to England to shoot scenes at Blenheim Palace in Oxfordshire, which stood in for a location in Rome,[62] before moving on to the city itself for a five-week shoot across the city, with locations including the Ponte Sisto bridge and the Roman Forum.[63] The production faced opposition from a variety of special interest groups and city authorities, who were concerned about the potential for damage to historical sites around the city, and problems with graffiti and rubbish appearing in the film.[64][65] A car chase scene set along the banks of the Tiber River and through the streets of Rome featured an Aston Martin DB10 and a Jaguar C-X75.[58] The C-X75 was originally developed as a hybrid electric vehicle with four independent electric engines powered by two jet turbines, before the project was cancelled.[66] The version used for filming was converted to use a conventional internal combustion engine, to minimise the potential for disruption from mechanical problems with the complex hybrid system. The C-X75s used for filming were developed by the engineering division of Formula One racing team Williams, who built the original C-X75 prototype for Jaguar.[67]

With filming completed in Rome, production moved to Mexico City in late March to shoot the film's opening sequence, with scenes to include the Day of the Dead festival filmed in and around the Zócalo and the Centro Histórico district.[68] The planned scenes required the city square to be closed for filming a sequence involving a fight aboard a Messerschmitt-Bölkow-Blohm Bo 105 helicopter flown by stunt pilot Chuck Aaron,[69] which called for modifications to be made to several buildings to prevent damage.[70] This particular scene in Mexico required 1,500 extras, 10 giant skeletons and 250,000 paper flowers.[71] Reports in the Mexican media added that the film's second unit would move to Palenque in the state of Chiapas, to film aerial manoeuvres considered too dangerous to shoot in an urban area.[72]

Following filming in Mexico, and during a scheduled break, Craig was flown to New York to undergo minor surgery to fix his knee injury. It was reported that filming was not affected and he had returned to filming at Pinewood Studios as planned on 22 April.[73]

A brief shoot at London's City Hall was filmed on 18 April 2015, while Mendes was on location.[74] On 17 May 2015 filming took place on the Thames in London. Stunt scenes involving Craig and Seydoux on a speedboat as well as a low flying helicopter near Westminster Bridge were shot at night, with filming temporarily closing both Westminster and Lambeth Bridges.[75] Scenes were also shot on the river near MI6's headquarters at Vauxhall Cross.[76] The crew returned to the river less than a week later to film scenes solely set on Westminster Bridge. The London Fire Brigade was on set to simulate rain as well as monitor smoke used for filming. Craig, Seydoux, and Waltz, as well as Harris and Fiennes, were seen being filmed.[77] Prior to this, scenes involving Fiennes were shot at a restaurant in Covent Garden.[78] Filming then took place in Trafalgar Square.[79] In early June, the crew, as well as Craig, Seydoux, and Waltz, returned to the Thames for a final time to continue filming scenes previously shot on the river.[80]

After wrapping up in England, production travelled to Morocco in June, with filming taking place in Oujda, Tangier and Erfoud, after preliminary work was completed by the production's second unit.[81] The headquarters of Spectre in Morocco was located in Gara Medouar which is a 'crater' caused by erosion and of neither volcanic nor impact origin.[82] An explosion filmed in Morocco holds a Guinness World Record for the "Largest film stunt explosion" in cinematic history, with the record credited to production designer Chris Corbould.[83] Principal photography concluded on 5 July 2015. A wrap-up party for Spectre was held in commemoration before entering post-production.[84] Filming took 128 days.[85]

Whilst filming in Mexico City, speculation in the media claimed that the script had been altered to accommodate the demands of Mexican authorities—reportedly influencing details of the scene and characters, casting choices, and modifying the script to portray the country in a "positive light"—to secure tax concessions and financial support worth up to $20 million for the film.[86] This was denied by producer Michael G. Wilson,[86] who stated that the scene had always been intended to be shot in Mexico as production had been attracted to the imagery of the Day of the Dead, and that the script had been developed from there.[87] Production of Skyfall had previously faced similar problems while attempting to secure permits to shoot the film's pre-title sequence in India before moving to Istanbul.[88][89]

Music[edit]

Thomas Newman returned as Spectre's composer.[30] Rather than composing the score once the film had moved into post-production, Newman worked during filming.[51] The theatrical trailer released in July 2015 contained a rendition of John Barry's On Her Majesty's Secret Service theme.[90][91] Mendes revealed that the final film would have more than one hundred minutes of music.[32] The soundtrack album was released on 23 October 2015 in the UK and 6 November 2015 in the USA on the Decca Records label.[92][93]

In September 2015 it was announced that Sam Smith and regular collaborator Jimmy Napes had written the film's title theme, "Writing's on the Wall", with Smith performing it for the film.[94] Smith said the song came together in one session and that he and Napes wrote it in under half an hour before recording a demo. Satisfied with the quality, the filmmakers used the demo in the final release.[95] The English band Radiohead also composed a song for the film, but it was rejected, according to guitarist Jonny Greenwood, for being "too dark".[96]

"Writing's on the Wall" was released as a download on 25 September 2015.[97] It received mixed reviews from critics and fans, particularly in comparison to Adele's "Skyfall",[98][99][100][101] leading to Shirley Bassey trending on Twitter on the day it was released.[88][102] It became the first Bond theme to reach number one in the UK Singles Chart.[103] The song was nominated for and won the Academy Award for Best Original Song.[104] It was the second time a Bond song had won, and only the fifth time one had been nominated.[105][106][N 5] It also won the Golden Globe Award for Best Original Song at the 73rd Golden Globe Awards.[107]

Marketing[edit]

The Williams FW37 of Felipe Massa (front) carrying the 007 logo on its wing mirrors at the 2015 Mexican Grand Prix.

During the December 2014 press conference announcing the start of filming, Aston Martin and Eon unveiled the new DB10 as the official car for the film. The DB10 was designed in collaboration between Aston Martin and the filmmakers, with only 10 being produced especially for Spectre as a celebration of the 50th anniversary of the company's association with the franchise.[108] Only eight of those 10 were used for the film, however; the remaining two were used for promotional work.[109] After modifying the Jaguar C-X75 for the film, Williams F1 carried the 007 logo on their cars at the 2015 Mexican Grand Prix, with the team playing host to the cast and crew ahead of the Mexican premiere of the film.[110][111]

To promote the film, the film's marketers continued the trend established during Skyfall's production of releasing still images of clapperboards and video blogs on Eon's official social media accounts.[112][113]

On 13 March 2015, several members of the cast and crew, including Craig, Whishaw, Wilson and Mendes, as well as previous James Bond actor, Sir Roger Moore, appeared in a sketch written by David Walliams and the Dawson Brothers for Comic Relief's Red Nose Day on BBC One. In the sketch, they film a behind-the-scenes mockumentary on the filming of Spectre.[114][115] The first teaser trailer for Spectre was released worldwide in March 2015,[116] followed by the theatrical trailer in July[117] and the final trailer in October.[118]

Release[edit]

Spectre had its world premiere in London on 26 October 2015 at the Royal Albert Hall, the same day as its general release in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland.[119] Following the announcement of the start of filming, Paramount Pictures brought forward the release of Mission: Impossible – Rogue Nation to avoid competing with Spectre.[120] In March 2015 IMAX corporation announced that Spectre would be screened in its cinemas, following Skyfall's success with the company.[121] In the UK it received a wider release than Skyfall, with a minimum of 647 cinemas including 40 IMAX screens, compared to Skyfall's 587 locations and 21 IMAX screens.[122]

Reception[edit]

Box office[edit]

Spectre grossed $880.7 million worldwide; $135.5 million of the takings were generated from the UK market and $200.1 million from North America.[10] Worldwide, this made it the second highest-grossing James Bond film after Skyfall,[123] and the sixth highest-grossing film of 2015.[124] Deadline.com calculated the net profit of the film to be $98.4 million when factoring together all expenses and revenues for the film.[125]

In the United Kingdom, the film grossed £4.1 million ($6.4 million) from its Monday preview screenings.[126] It grossed £6.3 million ($9.2 million) on its opening day[127] and then £5.7 million ($8.8 million) on Wednesday, setting UK records for both days.[128] In the film's first seven days it grossed £41.7 million ($63.8 million), breaking the UK record for highest first-week opening, set by Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban's £23.9 million ($36.9 million) in 2004.[129] Its Friday–Saturday gross was £20.4 million ($31.2 million) compared to Skyfall's £20.1 million ($31 million). The film also broke the record for the best per-screen opening average with $110,000, a record previously held by The Dark Knight with $100,200.[130] It has grossed a total of $136.3 million there.[131] In the UK, it surpassed Avatar to become the country's highest-grossing IMAX release ever with $10.09 million.[132]

Spectre opened in Germany with $22.5 million (including previews), which included a new record for the biggest Saturday of all time,[133] Australia with $8.7 million (including previews) and South Korea opened to $8.2 million (including previews).[134] Despite the 13 November Paris attacks, which led to numerous theatres being closed down, the film opened with $14.6 million (including $2 million in previews) in France.[135] In Mexico, where part of the film was shot, it debuted with more than double that of Skyfall with $4.5 million.[133] It also bested its predecessor's opening in various Nordic regions where MGM is distributing, such as in Finland ($2.7 million) and Norway ($2.9 million),[136] and in other markets like Denmark ($4.2 million), the Netherlands ($3.4 million), and Sweden ($3.1 million).[136] In India, it opened at No. 1 with $4.8 million which is 4% above the opening of Skyfall.[137] It topped the German-speaking Switzerland box office for four weeks and in the Netherlands, it has held the No. 1 spot for seven weeks straight where it has topped Minions to become the top movie of the year.[131][138] The top earning markets are Germany ($70.3 million) and France ($38.8 million).[139] In Paris, it has the second highest ticket sales of all time with 4.1 million tickets sold only behind Spider-Man 3 which sold over 6.3 million tickets in 2007.[140]

In the United States and Canada the film opened on 6 November 2015, and in its opening weekend, was originally projected to gross $70–75 million from 3,927 screens, the widest release for a Bond film.[141] However, after it grossed $5.3 million from its early Thursday night showings and $28 million on its opening day, weekend projections were increased to $75–80 million. The film ended up grossing $70.4 million in its opening weekend (about $20 million less than Skyfall's $90.6 million debut, including IMAX previews), but nevertheless finished first at the box office.[142] IMAX generated $9.1 million for Spectre at 374 screens, premium large format made $8 million from 429 cinemas, reaping 11% of the film's opening, which means that Spectre earned $17.1 million (23%) of its opening weekend total in large-format venues. Cinemark XD generated $1.9 million in 112 XD locations.[142][143]

In China, it opened on 12 November and earned $15 million on its opening day, which is the second biggest 2D single day gross for a Hollywood film behind the $18.5 million opening day of Mission: Impossible – Rogue Nation and occupying 43% of all available screens which included $790,000 in advance night screenings.[144] Through its opening weekend, it earned $48.1 million from 14,700 screens which is 198% ahead of Skyfall,[134] a new record for a Hollywood 2D opening.[145] IMAX contributed $4.6 million on 246 screens, also a new record for a three-day opening for a November release (breaking Interstellar's record).[134] In its second weekend, it added $12.1 million falling precipitously by 75% which is the second worst second weekend drop for any major Hollywood release in China of 2015.[146] It grossed a total of $84.7 million there after four weekends (foreign films in the Middle Kingdom plays for 30 days only, unless granted special extentions).[147] Albeit a strong opening, it failed to attain the $100 million mark there as projected due to mixed response from critics and audiences as well as facing competitions from local films.[131][148][149]

Critical response[edit]

Spectre received generally polarised reviews, with critics praising the action sequences, cinematography, score, and acting, but criticising the screenwriting as uneven and formulaic.[150] Rotten Tomatoes sampled 312 reviews and judged 64% of them to be positive, saying that the film "nudges Daniel Craig's rebooted Bond closer to the glorious, action-driven spectacle of earlier entries, although it's admittedly reliant on established 007 formula."[151] On Metacritic, the film has a score of 60 out of 100, based on 48 critics, indicating "mixed or average reviews".[152] Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "A−" on an A+ to F scale.[142]

Prior to its UK release, Spectre mostly received positive reviews.[153] Mark Kermode, writing in The Guardian, gave the film four out of five stars, observing that the film did not live up to the standard set by Skyfall, but was able to tap into audience expectations.[154] Writing in the same publication, Peter Bradshaw gave the film a full five stars, calling it "inventive, intelligent and complex", and singling out Craig's performance as the film's highlight.[155] In another five star review, The Daily Telegraph's Robbie Collin described Spectre as "a swaggering show of confidence'", lauding it as "a feat of pure cinematic necromancy."[156] Positive yet critical assessments included Kim Newman of Sight and Sound, who wrote that "for all its wayward plotting (including an unhelpful tie-in with Bond’s childhood that makes very little sense) and off-the-peg elements, Spectre works" as he felt "the audience’s patience gets tested by two and a half hours of set-pieces strung on one of the series’ thinner plots";[157] and IGN's Chris Tilly, who rated the film 7.2 out of 10, considering Spectre "solid if unspectacular", and concluding that "the film falls frustratingly short of greatness."[158]

Critical appraisal of the film was mixed in the United States. In a lukewarm review for RogerEbert.com, Matt Zoller Seitz gave the film 2.5 stars out of 4, describing Spectre as inconsistent and unable to capitalise on its potential.[159] Kenneth Turan, reviewing the film for Los Angeles Times, concluded that Spectre "comes off as exhausted and uninspired".[160] Manohla Dargis of The New York Times criticised the film as having "nothing surprising" and sacrificing its originality for the sake of box office returns.[161] Forbes' Scott Mendelson also heavily criticised the film, denouncing Spectre as "the worst 007 movie in 30 years".[162] Darren Franich of Entertainment Weekly viewed Spectre as "an overreaction to our current blockbuster moment", aspiring "to be a serialized sequel" and proving "itself as a Saga". While noting that "[n]othing that happens in Spectre holds up to even minor logical scrutiny", he had "come not to bury Spectre, but to weirdly praise it. Because the final act of the movie is so strange, so willfully obtuse, that it deserves extra attention."[163] Christopher Orr, writing in The Atlantic, also criticised the film, saying that Spectre "backslides on virtually every [aspect]".[164] Lawrence Toppman of The Charlotte Observer called Craig's performance "Bored, James Bored."[165] Alyssa Rosenberg, writing for The Washington Post, stated that the film turned into "a disappointingly conventional Bond film."[166]

In a positive review published in Rolling Stone, Peter Travers gave the film 3.5 stars out of 4, describing Spectre as "party time for Bond fans, a fierce, funny, gorgeously produced valentine to the longest-running franchise in movies".[167] Mick LaSalle from the San Francisco Chronicle, raved that "One of the great satisfactions of Spectre is that, in addition to all the stirring action, and all the timely references to a secret organization out to steal everyone's personal information, we get to believe in Bond as a person."[168] Stephen Whitty from The New York Daily News, who awarded the film four of five stars, stated that "Craig is cruelly efficient. Dave Bautista makes a good, Oddjob-like assassin. And while Lea Seydoux doesn't leave a huge impression as this film's 'Bond girl', perhaps it's because we've already met—far too briefly—the hypnotic Monica Bellucci, as the first real 'Bond woman' since Diana Rigg."[169] Chicago Sun-Times film reviewer Richard Roeper, who gave the film three stars out of four, considered the film "solidly in the middle of the all-time rankings, which means it's still a slick, beautifully photographed, action-packed, international thriller with a number of wonderfully, ludicrously entertaining set pieces, a sprinkling of dry wit, myriad gorgeous women and a classic psycho-villain who is clearly out of his mind but seems to like it that way."[170] Michael Phillips, reviewing for the Chicago Tribune, stated, "For all its workmanlike devotion to out-of-control helicopters, Spectre works best when everyone's on the ground, doing his or her job, driving expensive fast cars heedlessly, detonating the occasional wisecrack, enjoying themselves and their beautiful clothes."[171] Variety film critic Guy Lodge complained in his review that "What's missing is the unexpected emotional urgency of Skyfall, as the film sustains its predecessor's nostalgia kick with a less sentimental bent."[172]

Home media[edit]

Spectre was released for digital HD on 22 January 2016 and on DVD and Blu-ray on 9 and 22 February 2016 in the US and UK respectively.[173]

Accolades[edit]

Award Category Recipient Result
Academy Awards Best Original Song "Writing's on the Wall" (Sam Smith & Jimmy Napes) Won
Golden Globe Awards Best Original Song Won
Critics' Choice Awards Best Song Nominated
Best Actor in an Action Movie Daniel Craig Nominated
St. Louis Gateway Film Critics Association Awards Best Song "Writing's on the Wall" (Sam Smith & Jimmy Napes) Won
Houston Film Critics Society Awards Best Original Song Nominated
Art Directors Guild Awards Production Design for a Contemporary Film Dennis Gassner Nominated
Satellite Awards[174] Best Cinematography Hoyte van Hoytema Nominated
Best Original Score Thomas Newman Nominated
Best Original Song "Writing's on the Wall" (Sam Smith & Jimmy Napes) Nominated
Best Visual Effects Steve Begg & Chris Corbould Nominated
Best Art Direction and Production Design Dennis Gassner Nominated
Best Film Editing Lee Smith Nominated
Best Sound (Editing and Mixing) Per Hallberg, Karen Baker Landers, Scott Millan, Gregg Rudloff & Stuart Wilson Nominated
Saturn Awards[175] Best Action or Adventure Film Nominated
Empire Awards[176] Best British Film Won
Best Thriller Won
Teen Choice Awards[177] Choice Movie: Action Nominated
Choice Movie Actress: Action Léa Seydoux Nominated

Influence[edit]

The opening sequence featured a Day of the Dead parade in Mexico City. At the time, no such parade took place in Mexico City; one year later, due to the interest in the film and the government's desire to promote the pre-Hispanic Mexican culture, the federal and local authorities decided to organize an actual "Día de los Muertos" parade through Paseo de la Reforma and Centro Historico on 29 October 2016, which was attended by 250,000 people.[178][179][180]

Future[edit]

A sequel to Spectre began development in spring 2016.[181] Sam Mendes has stated he will not return to direct the next film in the series.[182] Daniel Craig is unsure about returning as Bond, but producer Barbara Broccoli prefers to keep the actor, saying "Daniel is our secret weapon, he has just brought so much to the role".[33] Christoph Waltz has signed on for two more films, but his return depends on whether or not Craig will again portray Bond.[183] In October 2016 Craig stated that he may indeed return for another film, saying, "As far as I'm concerned, I've got the best job in the world. I'll keep doing it as long as I still get a kick out of it. If I were to stop doing it, I would miss it terribly."[184]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The official production budget for Spectre has been debated. Estimates range from $245–250[3][4][5][6] to as high as $300–350 million.[7][8] The $350 million figure also incorporates the $100 million marketing budget.[9] $21.5 million was spent on television advertisements and a further $100 million was spent on promotion and advertising.[4]
  2. ^ Within the series' continuity, the version of Spectre that appeared in Diamonds Are Forever was written out of the timeline with the 2006 reboot of the franchise in Casino Royale, making its appearance in Spectre its first in the new timeline.
  3. ^ Following the settlement, Eon Productions licensed Spectre and its characters from McClory for ten years,[19] allowing their subsequent appearances in You Only Live Twice, On Her Majesty's Secret Service and Diamonds Are Forever.
  4. ^ Purvis and Wade were credited for the screenplay of Quantum of Solace, as they wrote the original draft of the film. However, the final script was written by Paul Haggis, with several uncredited co-writers.[37]
  5. ^ The other four were "Skyfall" (2012), ""For Your Eyes Only" (1981), "Nobody Does It Better" (1977), and "Live and Let Die" (1973).[105][104]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Spectre (12A)". British Board of Film Classification. 21 October 2015. Retrieved 21 October 2015. 
  2. ^ "SPECTRE (2015)". British Film Institute. Retrieved 29 May 2016. 
  3. ^ Pamela McClintock (4 November 2015). "Box-Office Preview: Spectre and Peanuts Movie to the Rescue". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 4 November 2015. 
  4. ^ a b Anthony D'Alessandro (7 November 2015). "Spectre Now Targeting $73M to $74M Opening; The Peanuts Movie Cracking $40M-$45M – Updated". Deadline.com. Retrieved 8 November 2015. 
  5. ^ Brent Lang (4 November 2015). "Box Office: Spectre Needs to Make $650 Million to Break Even". Variety. Retrieved 8 November 2015. 
  6. ^ Ben Fritz (8 November 2015). "Spectre, The Peanuts Movie Give Box Office a Welcome Boost". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 10 November 2015. 
  7. ^ Scott Mendelson (21 October 2015). "'Spectre' Doesn't Need To Top 'Skyfall' Because 'James Bond' Is A Bullet-Proof Franchise". Forbes. Retrieved 8 November 2015. 
  8. ^ Alicia Adejobi (25 October 2015). "Spectre movie in numbers: Daniel Craig salary, film budget and James Bond theme tune sales". International Business Times. Retrieved 8 November 2015. 
  9. ^ Anthony D'Alessandro (9 November 2015). "Even Shy of Skyfall, Spectre Picked Up Sluggish Box Office; Will it Turn a Profit? – Monday Postmortem". Deadline.com. Retrieved 11 November 2015. 
  10. ^ a b "Spectre (2015)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 21 April 2016. 
  11. ^ "Sam Mendes: Spectre about Bond's childhood". BBC Entertainment. 27 February 2015. Retrieved 28 February 2015. 
  12. ^ a b Hewitt, Chris (26 February 2015). "Bond is Back: Spectre". Empire (April 2015). p. 60–71. 
  13. ^ Nicol, Patricia (16 June 2015). "Rory Kinnear on The Trial, Spectre and always being asked about his father's death". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 13 September 2015. 
  14. ^ a b Peter Nicolai, Gudme Christensen (4 December 2014). "Jesper Christensen skal være James Bond-skurk for tredje gang". Euroman. Retrieved 4 December 2014. 
  15. ^ a b Williams, Owen (5 December 2014). "Mr White Will Return In SPECTRE". Empire. Retrieved 6 December 2014. 
  16. ^ a b "CS visits James Bond in Mexico City and learns how Spectre begins". comingsoon.net. Retrieved 1 April 2015. 
  17. ^ White, James (14 December 2015). "The 16 best cameos of 2015". Empire. Retrieved 17 December 2015. 
  18. ^ Child, Ben (18 November 2013). "Blofeld could be back in James Bond's crosshairs following legal deal". The Guardian. Retrieved 13 September 2015. 
  19. ^ "Thunderball". Obsessional.co.uk. Retrieved 6 December 2014. 
  20. ^ Rye, Graham (7 December 2006). "Kevin McClory". The Independent. Retrieved 5 September 2011. 
  21. ^ Lycett, Andrew (1996). Ian Fleming. London: Phoenix. p. 432. ISBN 978-1-85799-783-5. 
  22. ^ Vejvoda, Jim. "MGM, Danjaq Settle James Bond Rights Dispute With McClory Estate". IGN. Retrieved 5 December 2014. 
  23. ^ "Would the world be a better place if James Bond had never existed?". The Economist. 28 October 2015. Retrieved 5 November 2015. 
  24. ^ "Synopsis". Eon Productions. Retrieved 5 November 2015. 
  25. ^ "Here's Why the Next James Bond Film is Called Spectre". TIME Magazine. Retrieved 24 May 2016. 
  26. ^ "Sam Mendes "won't direct" next Bond". BBC News. 6 March 2013. Retrieved 4 December 2014. 
  27. ^ de Semlyen, Phil (6 March 2013). "Sam Mendes Won't Direct Bond 24". Empire. Retrieved 4 December 2014. 
  28. ^ Mzimba, Lizo (4 December 2014). "Spectre: Sam Mendes hints at 'more mischief' in new James Bond film". BBC News. Retrieved 6 December 2014. 
  29. ^ a b "Sam Mendes Returns to Direct". Eon Productions. 11 July 2013. Retrieved 4 December 2014. 
  30. ^ a b c "Bond returns in Spectre". 007.com. 4 December 2014. Retrieved 6 December 2014. 
  31. ^ Tapley, Kristopher (20 November 2014). "Interstellar cinematographer on grounding Nolan's movie and shooting Bond on film". HitFix. Retrieved 4 December 2014. 
  32. ^ a b "Never Say Never Again (Again)". 16 July 2015. Retrieved 17 July 2015. 
  33. ^ a b AAP (24 October 2015). "Daniel Craig may be back as James Bond after Spectre, or not". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 3 May 2016. 
  34. ^ "Draft Script for James Bond Film Spectre Leaked in Sony Hack". The Guardian. 14 December 2014. 
  35. ^ "Statement on Spectre". 007.com. 13 December 2014. Retrieved 16 December 2014. 
  36. ^ Nordine, Michael (3 July 2016). "Why Nicolas Winding Refn Says He Turned Down 'Spectre'". Indiewire. Retrieved 15 December 2016. 
  37. ^ "A James Bond Set Visit and Seven Exclusive Quantum of Solace Images!". Rotten Tomatoes. 4 April 2008. Retrieved 7 December 2014. 
  38. ^ Brockes, Emma (10 November 2014). "All or Nothing". The New Yorker. Retrieved 16 December 2014. 
  39. ^ "Spectre". Empire. November 2015. 
  40. ^ a b "Spectre Trailer – /Film". Slashfilm. 
  41. ^ Thrower, Emma (9 November 2015). "18 Spectre Secrets Exclusively Revealed By Sam Mendes". Empire. Retrieved 10 November 2015. 
  42. ^ Hawkes, Rebecca (4 December 2014). "James Bond: Spectre cast announcement: as it happened". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 13 September 2015. 
  43. ^ Frost, Caroline (4 December 2014). "James Bond Villain In 'Spectre' Will Be Christoph Waltz, But Who's 007's Best Villain? (Vote, Pictures)". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 8 December 2014. 
  44. ^ "Bautista will star in next James Bond movie". latino-review.com. 13 October 2014. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  45. ^ Barraclough, Leo (4 December 2014). "Bond 24 Titled 'Spectre', New Cast Members Revealed". Variety. Retrieved 13 September 2015. 
  46. ^ "The Fate Of Mr. White". MI6-HQ.COM. 
  47. ^ "Stephanie Sigman Joins Spectre". 007.com. 9 March 2015. Retrieved 10 March 2015. 
  48. ^ "Detlef Bothe Speaks". MI6-HQ.COM. 
  49. ^ Cantú, María José. "Buscan espectros mexicanos para James Bond". Milenio. Milenio. Retrieved 16 February 2015. 
  50. ^ "Filmará 007 9 días en el DF". Reform Agency. Reform Agency. 16 February 2015. Archived from the original on 23 April 2015. Retrieved 16 February 2015. 
  51. ^ a b Nicholson, Max; Cornet, Roth. "James Bond Producers Delve Deep Into Spectre". IGN. Retrieved 29 March 2015. 
  52. ^ Miller, Ross (4 December 2014). "The next James Bond film is called Spectre: new car, poster, and full cast confirmed". The Verge. Retrieved 4 December 2014. 
  53. ^ "Productions on Kodak Motion Picture Film". kodak.com. Retrieved 4 December 2014. Title – Bond 24; Director – Sam Mendes; Cinematographer – Hoyte van Hoytema 
  54. ^ "London Filming (1)". MI6-HQ.COM. 
  55. ^ "James Bond". 4 December 2014. Retrieved 4 December 2014. 
  56. ^ Vipers, Gareth (4 December 2014). "James Bond: new 007 film to be called 'Spectre' with Christoph Waltz confirmed as villain". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 4 December 2014. 
  57. ^ Falkner, Jakob; Swartz, Oliver (5 December 2014). "Sölden – filming location for the new James Bond Movie". soelden.com. Retrieved 7 December 2014. 
  58. ^ a b "Jaguar and Land Rover Announce Partnership with Spectre the 24th James Bond Adventure". Retrieved 13 February 2015. 
  59. ^ D'Alessandro, Anthony. "Daniel Craig Returns To Spectre Today After Knee Injury Earlier This Week". deadline.com. 
  60. ^ "3 Injured during filming of new Bond flick in Austria". efe.com. 
  61. ^ Agence France Press. "Two technicians seriously injured on James Bond set in Austria". Al Arabiya. 
  62. ^ Jackson, Marc (11 February 2015). "Your car is ready, Mr Bond: 007's most famous rides are lined up outside Winston Churchill's birthplace Blenheim Palace as Spectre shoot returns to UK". Daily Mail. Retrieved 13 September 2015. 
  63. ^ "Spectre moves to Rome". 007.com. 19 February 2015. Retrieved 2 March 2015. 
  64. ^ "Rome Filming (1)". MI6-HQ.COM. 
  65. ^ "Arrivederci Mr. Bond". MI6-HQ.COM. 
  66. ^ "First Look: Jaguar C-X75 Concept". Motor Trend. 28 September 2010. Retrieved 28 February 2015. 
  67. ^ "Everything you haven't seen yet about Spectre's Jaguar C-X75". jalopnik. Retrieved 15 September 2015. 
  68. ^ "James Bond se apodera del Centro Histórico". Excelsion Newspaper Online. Retrieved 19 March 2015. 
  69. ^ "Spectre Opening Sequence Description: Find Out How Bond 24 Begins". Collider. 
  70. ^ "Inician Ensayos de escenas de Spectre en El Zocalo". Periodico El Universal. Retrieved 19 March 2015. 
  71. ^ Cathy Whitlock (21 October 2015). "Imagining James Bond's Bachelor Pad". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 22 October 2015. 
  72. ^ "Palenque, la última escala de James Bond en su aventura mexicana". CNN. 8 April 2015. Retrieved 13 September 2015. 
  73. ^ "Daniel Craig has knee surgery after Bond injury". BBC News. 5 April 2015. Retrieved 6 April 2015. 
  74. ^ "James Bond director Sam Mendes shoots new Spectre scenes inside London's iconic City Hall as filming resumes after Daniel Craig's set injury". Daily Mail. 18 April 2015. Retrieved 19 May 2015. 
  75. ^ "James Bond fans see filming of Spectre on River Thames in London". BBC News. 19 May 2015. Retrieved 19 May 2015. 
  76. ^ "James Bond fans see filming of Spectre on River Thames in London". BBC News. 18 May 2015. Retrieved 20 May 2015. 
  77. ^ "Spectre attacks Big Ben as James Bond returns to do battle with old enemy". Mirror. 24 May 2015. Retrieved 24 May 2015. 
  78. ^ "Spectre filming at Rules restaurant in London". James Bond Lifestyle. 23 May 2015. Retrieved 24 May 2015. 
  79. ^ "Daniel Craig brings London to a standstill as he shoots scenes for new Bond film Spectre at capital's famous landmarks". Daily Mail. 1 June 2015. Retrieved 8 June 2015. 
  80. ^ "James Bond villain Christoph Waltz gets the CGI treatment as he is spotted with white capture dots on his face as he films scenes for Spectre in London". Daily Mail. 8 June 2015. Retrieved 8 June 2015. 
  81. ^ "'Spectre', 'King Tut' and 'The Book of the Dead' Sail To Morocco". variety.com/. 6 December 2014. Retrieved 27 February 2015. 
  82. ^ http://www.majorforms.com/article_view.php?id=184828
  83. ^ Rachel Swatman (10 November 2015). "Latest Bond adventure Spectre sets record for Largest film stunt explosion ever – watch incredible clip". Guinness World Records. Retrieved 11 November 2015. 
  84. ^ "It's a wrap for 'SPECTRE' as principal photography ends". Mi6-HQ.com. 5 July 2015. Retrieved 5 July 2015. 
  85. ^ "James Bond 007 SPECTRE – Assassin "Marco Sciarra" Says Goodbye / Clapperboard Collection". Clicknews. 5 July 2015. Retrieved 6 July 2015. 
  86. ^ a b John Hecht. "'Spectre': James Bond Film Reportedly Receiving $20M for Portraying Mexico Positively". The Hollywood Reporter. 
  87. ^ "James Bond producer says Mexico didn't make changes to Spectre script". The Guardian. 19 March 2015. Retrieved 20 March 2015. 
  88. ^ a b "Sam Smith's James Bond theme song 'Writing's On The Wall' makes Shirley Bassey trend on Twitter because people hate it". The Independent. 
  89. ^ "James Bond's author was friend of Gujarat royalty". The Times of India. Mumbai. 17 November 2012. Retrieved 20 March 2015. 
  90. ^ "New Spectre Trailer". You Tube. 21 July 2015. Retrieved 30 July 2015. 
  91. ^ Ross, Daniel (22 July 2015). "New Bond soundtrack: what does the new Spectre trailer tell us?". Classic FM. Retrieved 30 July 2015. 
  92. ^ "Thomas Newman – James Bond: Spectre (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack)". Love Melodey. 23 October 2015. Retrieved 6 November 2015. 
  93. ^ "Thomas Newman – Spectre (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack)". discogs. 23 October 2015. Retrieved 6 November 2015. 
  94. ^ "Sam Smith to Sing Title Song for Spectre". Eon Productions. 8 September 2015. Retrieved 8 September 2015. 
  95. ^ "Hear Sam Smith Break Down His Bond Theme, 'Writing's On The Wall'". NPR. 25 September 2015. Retrieved 25 September 2015. 
  96. ^ "Radiohead interview: 'It's a very happy time' – BBC News". BBC News. Retrieved 16 June 2016. 
  97. ^ "Sam Smith's 'Writing's on the Wall' is the Theme of New Bond Film Spectre". Time. Retrieved 8 September 2015. 
  98. ^ Petridis, Alexis (25 September 2015). "Sam Smith's James Bond theme review – 'It feels like an X Factor ballad'". The Guardian. Retrieved 25 September 2015. 
  99. ^ McGrath, Rachel (25 September 2015). "Sam Smith's Writing On The Wall Spectre Song Hasn't Impressed James Bond Fans". The Huffington Post UK. Retrieved 25 September 2015. 
  100. ^ "Sam Smith Bond song splits opinion". BBC News. 25 September 2015. Retrieved 25 September 2015. 
  101. ^ "Twitter Reacts Badly To Sam Smith's New Bond Theme". Crushable. Retrieved 1 April 2016. 
  102. ^ "Sam Smith Releases New Bond Theme But Twitter Reckons He's No Shirley Bassey". MTV UK. 
  103. ^ Ellis-Petersen, Hannah (2 October 2015). "Sam Smith's "Writing's on the Wall" becomes first ever Bond No. 1". The Guardian. Retrieved 16 October 2015. 
  104. ^ a b Barnes, Henry (29 February 2016). "Sam Smith wins the best song Oscar for his James Bond Spectre theme". The Guardian. Retrieved 28 May 2016. 
  105. ^ a b D'Alessandro, Anthony (28 February 2016). "Sam Smith & Jimmy Napes Win Oscar For 'Spectre' Original Song 'Writing's On The Wall'". Deadline.com. Retrieved 28 May 2016. 
  106. ^ Hetter, Katia (28 February 2016). "The 2016 Oscars winners list". CNN (Time Warner). Retrieved 28 February 2016. 
  107. ^ Merry, Stephanie; Yahr, Emily (10 December 2015). "Golden Globes nominations 2016: Complete list". The Washington Post. Retrieved 10 December 2015. 
  108. ^ "Built for Bond: Aston Martin Debuts Unique Car for Spectre". Aston Martin. 4 December 2014. Retrieved 4 December 2014. 
  109. ^ "James Bond's "Spectre": 10 Aston Martin DB10 Facts You Need to Know". Motor Trend. 4 December 2015. Retrieved 4 December 2015. 
  110. ^ "2015 Mexican Grand Prix". Sky Sports F1. BSkyB. 1 November 2015. 
  111. ^ Collantine, Keith (1 November 2015). "Felipe Massa, Williams, Autodromo Hermanos Rodriguez, 2015". F1 Fanatic. Keith Collantine. Retrieved 2 November 2015. 
  112. ^ "@007". 007 Official Twitter Account. 24 February 2015. Retrieved 27 February 2015. 
  113. ^ "Sam Mendes on Spectre". The Official James Bond 007 Website. 26 February 2015. Retrieved 27 February 2015. 
  114. ^ Dearden, Lizzie (13 March 2015). "Red Nose Day 2015: Daniel Craig and Sir Roger Moore to star in James Bond Comic Relief sketch". The Independent. Independent Print Limited. Retrieved 13 March 2015. 
  115. ^ "Daniel Craig given license to thrill viewers for Red Nose Day". Comic Relief: Red Nose Day. Retrieved 13 March 2015. 
  116. ^ "Watch the Spectre Teaser Trailer". The Official James Bond 007 Website. 27 March 2015. Retrieved 19 May 2015. 
  117. ^ "Spectre trailer: watch the first full-length trailer for the new James Bond film". The Guardian. 21 July 2015. Retrieved 21 July 2015. 
  118. ^ "Final Spectre trailer". The Official James Bond 007 Website. 2 October 2015. Retrieved 6 October 2015. 
  119. ^ Ritman, Alex (17 July 2015). "London Lands Spectre World Premiere". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 17 July 2015. 
  120. ^ Hayden, Erik; McClintock, Pamela (26 January 2015). "Paramount Shifts 'Mission: Impossible 5' Release Date to Summer 2015". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 25 March 2015. 
  121. ^ "'SPECTRE' to be shown in IMAX around the world". Mi6-HQ. 27 March 2015. Retrieved 21 May 2015. 
  122. ^ Nancy Tartaglione (23 October 2015). "'Spectre' Looms Large Over UK Box Office, But Can it Top 'Skyfall'?". Deadline.com. Retrieved 25 October 2015. 
  123. ^ "James Bond". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 15 May 2016. 
  124. ^ "2015 worldwide grosses". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 15 May 2016. 
  125. ^ Mike Fleming Jr (21 March 2016). "No. 16 'Spectre' – 2015 Most Valuable Movie Blockbuster Tournament". Deadline.com. Retrieved 21 March 2016. 
  126. ^ "'Spectre' Shakes UK Box Office With $6.4M In Monday Previews". Deadline.com. 
  127. ^ Nancy Tartaglione (28 October 2015). "Spectre Sets UK Box Office Record With $9.2M On Day Two". Deadline.com. Retrieved 29 October 2015. 
  128. ^ Brent Lang (29 October 2015). "Box Office: Spectre Breaks Wednesday Record in U.K.". Variety. Retrieved 30 October 2015. 
  129. ^ "Spectre breaks UK Box Office Records: The biggest UK opening of all time". 007. 2 November 2015. Retrieved 6 November 2015. 
  130. ^ "Spectre Smashes Records With $80.4M Opening". Deadline.com. 1 November 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015. 
  131. ^ a b c Nancy Tartaglione (29 November 2015). "'Mockingjay' Rules Roost; 'Good Dinosaur' Hatches With $29M; 'The Martian' Lands $50M In China – Intl Box Office". Deadline.com. Retrieved 30 November 2015. 
  132. ^ Alex Ritman (23 November 2015). "U.K. Box Office: Final 'Hunger Games' on Top, 'Spectre' Sets Imax Record". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 25 November 2015. 
  133. ^ a b Nancy Tartaglione (9 November 2015). "'Spectre' No. 1 Everywhere It Has Opened, Pushes Gross To $290M – Intl B.O. Final". Deadline.com. Retrieved 16 November 2015. 
  134. ^ a b c Nancy Tartaglione (15 November 2015). "'Spectre' Adds $152.6M In Overseas Hat Trick – International Box Office Update". Deadline.com. Retrieved 16 November 2015. 
  135. ^ Pamela McClintock (15 November 2015). "Paris Attacks: 'Spectre' Prevails in France Despite Cinema Closures". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 16 November 2015. 
  136. ^ a b Nancy Tartaglione (1 November 2015). "'Spectre' Smashes Records With $80.12M Opening; Bond Bow Breaks 'Skyfall'". Deadline.com. Retrieved 16 November 2015. 
  137. ^ Nancy Tartaglione (24 November 2015). "'Mockingjay' Lands At $144.5M As China & Caution In Europe Squeeze Hwd – Intl B.O. Final". Deadline.com. Retrieved 25 November 2015. 
  138. ^ Nancy Tartaglione (13 December 2015). "Katniss Retakes No. 1 From China 'Surprise', 'Good Dinosaur' in 3rd, 'Sea', 007 Round Out Top 5 – Intl Box Office Final". Deadline.com. Retrieved 15 December 2015. 
  139. ^ Nancy Tartaglione (3 January 2016). "'Star Wars', Local-Language & Family Pics Lead; 'Sherlock' Shines In Korea – Intl B.O.". Deadline.com. Retrieved 4 January 2016. 
  140. ^ Rhonda Richford (16 December 2015). "France Box Office: 'Star Wars' Soars In Paris on Opening Day". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 17 December 2015. 
  141. ^ "Spectre Poised To Be Second-Best Bond Opening Of All-Time; Peanuts Coming On Strong – Box Office Preview". deadline.com. 
  142. ^ a b c Anthony D'Alessandro (9 November 2015). "'Spectre' $70.4M Opening: Still 2nd Highest 007 Debut Behind 'Skyfall', But Not That Far From 'Quantum Of Solace' – Monday AM". Deadline.com. Retrieved 10 November 2015. 
  143. ^ Scott Mendelson (8 November 2015). "'Spectre' Box Office: 007 Scores $70M For Second-Best James Bond Debut Weekend Ever". Forbes. Retrieved 10 November 2015. 
  144. ^ Scott Mendelson (13 November 2015). "'Spectre' Box Office: 007 Snags $15M Opening Day In China, Will Cross $100M In The U.S. Today". Forbes. Retrieved 14 November 2015. 
  145. ^ Brad Brevet (15 November 2015). "'Spectre' Stays at #1 as It Nears $550 Million Worldwide". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 16 November 2015. 
  146. ^ Jonathan Papish (23 November 2015). "On Screen China: Taiwan's 'Our Times' Overcomes Flame Wars, Vanquishes 'Hunger Games'". China Film Insider. Retrieved 26 November 2015. 
  147. ^ Nancy Tartaglione (20 December 2015). "'Star Wars' Rules Galaxy; What Else Is Up At The International Box Office". Deadline.com. Retrieved 21 December 2015. 
  148. ^ Jonathan Papish (30 November 2015). "On Screen China: 'The Martian' Warms Up a Frosty Month for Hollywood Imports". China Film Insider. Retrieved 1 December 2015. 
  149. ^ Jonathan Papish (23 November 2015). "On Screen China: Taiwan's 'Our Times' Overcomes Flame Wars, Vanquishes 'Hunger Games'". China Film Insider. Retrieved 1 December 2015. 
  150. ^ Ben Quinn (22 October 2015). "Spectre review roundup: critics left shaken and stirred by Bond's latest outing". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 October 2015. 
  151. ^ "Spectre (2015)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 13 November 2015. 
  152. ^ "Spectre". Metacritic. Retrieved 7 November 2015. 
  153. ^ "Spectre: Five-star reviews greet new Bond movie". BBC News. 22 October 2015. Retrieved 22 October 2015. 
  154. ^ Kermode, Mark (25 October 2015). "Spectre review – another stellar outing for Bond". The Guardian. 
  155. ^ Bradshaw, Peter (21 October 2015). "Spectre review: James Bond is back, stylish, camp and sexily pro-Snowden". The Guardian. 
  156. ^ Collin, Robbie (31 October 2015). "SPECTRE review: 'a swaggering show of confidence'". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 7 November 2015. 
  157. ^ "Film of the week: Spectre". Sight & Sound. BFI. Retrieved 31 October 2015. 
  158. ^ Tilly, Chris (22 October 2015). "'Spectre' review – Solid if unspectacular Bond flick.". IGN. Retrieved 7 November 2015. 
  159. ^ Matt Zoller Seitz (3 November 2015). "Spectre Review 2015". Roger Ebert.com. Retrieved 7 November 2015. 
  160. ^ Kenneth Turan (4 November 2015). "The 'Spectre' of burnout hovers over latest Bond film". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 7 November 2015. 
  161. ^ Dargis, Manohla (5 November 2012). "Review: In 'Spectre,' Daniel Craig Is Back as James Bond, No Surprise". The New York Times. 
  162. ^ Mendelson, Scott (3 November 2015). "Review: 'Spectre' Is The Worst 007 Movie In 30 Years". Forbes. Retrieved 7 November 2015. 
  163. ^ Franich, Darren (10 November 2015). "A serious attempt to understand the ending of Spectre". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 30 November 2015. 
  164. ^ Christopher Orr (4 November 2015). "Spectre: Bond Doesn't Need an Origin Story. The 24th film in the franchise—likely Daniel Craig's last—dazzles early but sputters by the end.". The Atlantic. Retrieved 7 November 2015. 
  165. ^ Toppman, Lawrence (5 November 2015). "'Spectre' has a name: Bored, James Bored". The Charlotte Observer. p. 5C. 
  166. ^ Alyssa Rosenberg (6 November 2015). "Spectre and the wasted promise of Daniel Craig's James Bond". The Washington Post. Retrieved 11 November 2015. 
  167. ^ Travers, Peter (4 November 2015). "'Spectre' Movie Review". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 4 January 2016. 
  168. ^ LaSalle, Mick (5 November 2015). "James Bond returns to top form in 'Spectre'". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 22 March 2016. 
  169. ^ Witty, Stephen (4 November 2015). "Movie review: 'Spectre' is a James Bond classic with Daniel Craig and Christoph Waltz". The New York Daily News. Retrieved 22 March 2016. 
  170. ^ Roeper, Richard (3 November 2015). "'SPECTRE' review: Daniel Craig at ease as an imperfect James Bond". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 22 March 2016. 
  171. ^ Philips, Michael (3 November 2015). "'Spectre' review: James Bond vs. Big Brother". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 22 March 2016. 
  172. ^ Lodge, Guy (21 October 2015). "Film Review: 'Spectre'". Variety. Retrieved 22 March 2016. 
  173. ^ "Spectre BLU-RAY/DVD Info Released". The Official James Bond 007 Website. 5 January 2016. Retrieved 5 January 2016. 
  174. ^ "Satellite Awards (2015)". International Press Academy. IPA. 2 December 2015. pressacademy.com. Retrieved 2 December 2015. 
  175. ^ "The 42nd Annual Saturn Awards nominations are announced for 2016!". Saturn Awards. 24 February 2016. Retrieved 4 March 2016. 
  176. ^ John Nugent. "Jameson Empire Awards 2016: Star Wars and Mad Max lead the nominations". Empire. Retrieved 1 April 2016. 
  177. ^ Vulpo, Mike (24 May 2016). "Teen Choice Awards 2016 Nominations Announced: See the "First Wave" of Potential Winners". E!. Archived from the original on 25 May 2016. Retrieved 25 May 2016. 
  178. ^ "Mexico City stages first Day of the Dead parade". BBC. 2016-10-29. Retrieved 2016-11-01. 
  179. ^ "Fotogalería: Desfile por Día de Muertos reúne a 250 mil personas". Excélsior (in Spanish). 2016-10-29. Retrieved 2016-11-01. 
  180. ^ http://noticieros.televisa.com/fotos/mexico/2016-10-29/desfile-dia-muertos-cdmx.photo-1/
  181. ^ "Daniel Craig Back For Spectre's Sequel? Here's What The Producers Say". Cinemablend. 12 January 2015. Retrieved 4 January 2016. 
  182. ^ "Director Sam Mendes Won't Be Back For Bond 25". Slashfilm.com. 9 November 2015. Retrieved 4 January 2016. 
  183. ^ Corner, Natalie (3 January 2016). "Christoph Waltz will return in TWO more Bond movies – but 'only if Daniel Craig does too'". The Mirror. Retrieved 23 January 2016. 
  184. ^ "Daniel Craig Just Can't Quit James Bond: 'I Would Miss It Terribly'". Time. 10 October 2012. Retrieved 17 November 2016. 

External links[edit]