Template:California cities and mayors of 100,000 population
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1. List of United States cities by population – The following is a list of the most populous incorporated places of the United States. As defined by the United States Census Bureau, an "incorporated place" includes a variety including city, town, village, borough, municipality. A exceptional Census Designated Places are also included in the Census Bureau's listing of incorporated places. Consolidated city-counties represent county equivalent. Some consolidated city-counties, however, include incorporated places. This list presents only that portion of consolidated city-counties that are not a part of another incorporated place. A different ranking is evident when considering metropolitan area populations. Five states -- Maine, Vermont, West Virginia and Wyoming -- do not have cities with populations of 100,000 or more. Smaller incorporated places are not included. The mean density is 4,128.21 inhabitants per square mile. The median is 3,160.85 inhabitants per square mile. A CDP is a concentration of population identified for statistical purposes. CDPs are delineated for each decennial census as the statistical counterparts of incorporated places such as cities, villages. CDPs are populated areas which otherwise physically resemble incorporated places. Unlike the incorporated cities in the main list, the US Census Bureau does not release annual population estimates for CDPs.List of United States cities by population – Population tables of U.S. cities
2. California – California is the most populous state in the United States and the third most extensive by area. The capital is Sacramento. Los Angeles is California's most populous city, largest after New York City. The state also has the nation's most populous county, its largest county by area, San Bernardino County. A major agricultural area, dominates the state's center. The Spanish Empire then claimed it in their New Spain colony. The western portion of Alta California then was admitted as the 31st state on September 9, 1850. If it were a country, California would be the 35th most populous. Fifty-eight percent of the state's economy is centered on finance, government, real estate services, professional, scientific and technical business services. Although it accounts for only 1.5 percent of the state's economy, California's industry has the highest output of any U.S. state. The kingdom of Queen Calafia, according to Montalvo, was said to be a remote land rich in gold. They were robust of body with great virtue. The island itself is one of the wildest in the world on account of the craggy rocks. This conventional wisdom that maps were drawn to reflect this way, lasted as late as the 1700's. Shortened forms of the state's name include CA, Cal. Calif. and US-CA.California – A forest of redwood trees in Redwood National Park
3. Eric Garcetti – Eric Michael Garcetti is the current mayor of Los Angeles of and a former member of the Los Angeles City Council, representing the 13th District. Garcetti was president from 2006 to 2012. A member of Garcetti won in a nonpartisan election for mayor, on May 21, 2013, defeating city controller Wendy Greuel. He is the city's first Jewish mayor. He was raised in Encino, in the San Fernando Valley. He is the son of the former Los Angeles County district attorney Gil Garcetti. Harry Roth, founded and ran the clothing brand Louis Roth Clothes; Eric's maternal grandparents were from Russian Jewish immigrant families. It has also been reported that Garcetti's family is of Litvak descent. Eric Garcetti attended elementary school at Harvard-Westlake School. Garcetti received a B.A. from Columbia University in 1992 as a John Jay Scholar. He also received a Masters of International Affairs at Columbia University graduating in 1993. He has lived and studied in Southeast Asia and Northeast Africa. Garcetti has published chapters of books on post-conflict societies, Eritrean nationalism, non-violent action. Garcetti served on the California Board of Human Rights Watch. He was reelected in 2005 and 2009.Eric Garcetti – His Honor Eric Garcetti
4. Los Angeles – Situated in Southern California, Los Angeles is known for its mediterranean climate, as a major center of the American entertainment industry. Los Angeles lies in a coastal basin surrounded by mountains reaching up to and over 10,000 feet. The city was officially founded on September 4, 1781, by Spanish governor Felipe de Neve. It became a part of Mexico in 1821 following the Mexican War of Independence. Los Angeles was incorporated as a municipality on April 4, 1850, five months before California achieved statehood. The city experienced rapid growth with the discovery of oil. Los Angeles is the seat of Los Angeles County, the most populated county in the United States. The city's inhabitants are referred to as Angelenos. It has been ranked 6th in the Global Cities Index and 9th in the Global Economic Power Index. The men's event was watched by over million people worldwide. The Los Angeles coastal area was first settled by the Tongva and Chumash Native American tribes thousands of years ago. A Gabrielino settlement in the area was called meaning "poison place". Missionary Juan Crespí, reached the present site of Los Angeles on August 2, 1769. In 1771, Franciscan friar Junípero Serra directed the building of the Mission San Gabriel Arcángel, the first mission in the area. The Queen of the Angels is an honorific of the Virgin Mary.Los Angeles
5. Kevin Faulconer – Kevin Faulconer is the mayor of San Diego, California. Faulconer is serving the balance of his predecessor's term, through the end of 2016. Faulconer was sworn as mayor on March 3, 2014. On June 2016, Faulconer won re-election to a second term. Prior to his election as mayor, he served as a San Diego City Council member representing 2. Faulconer is a Republican, although local government positions are officially nonpartisan per California law. He was raised in Oxnard, California, where he learned to speak Spanish in grade school. A small business owner, live in Point Loma with their two children. Before running for office Faulconer volunteered on the Mission Bay Park Committee. He lost to Michael Zucchet in a close-fought election. After Zucchet resigned in 2005, a special election was held that November. He won the runoff with 51.5 % of the vote. Faulconer was ineligible to run in 2014 per city term limits. In the fall of 2006, restaurants in Pacific Beach agreed with one another to limit the offering of discounts on alcohol drinks. He spoke at the press conference announcing the agreement.Kevin Faulconer – Kevin Faulconer
6. San Diego – San Diego /ˌsæn diːˈeɪɡoʊ/ is a major city in California, United States. With an estimated population of 1,394,928 as of July 1, 2015, San Diego is the eighth-largest city in the United States and second-largest in California. San Diego has been called "the birthplace of California". Historically home to the Kumeyaay people, San Diego was the first site visited by Europeans on what is now the West Coast of the United States. The Presidio and Mission San Diego de Alcalá, founded in 1769, formed the first European settlement in what is now California. In 1821, San Diego became part of the newly-independent Mexico, which reformed as the First Mexican Republic two years later. In 1850, California became part of the United States following the Mexican–American War and the admission of California to the union. The city is the seat of San Diego County and is the economic center of the region as well as the San Diego–Tijuana metropolitan area. San Diego's economic engines are manufacturing. The presence of the University of California, San Diego, with the affiliated UCSD Medical Center, has helped make the area a center of research in biotechnology. The original inhabitants of the region are now known as the San Dieguito and La Jolla people. The area of San Diego has been inhabited by the Kumeyaay people. The first European to visit the region was Portuguese-born explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo sailing under the flag of Castile. Sailing his flagship San Salvador from Navidad, New Spain, Cabrillo claimed the bay for the Spanish Empire in 1542, named the site'San Miguel'. In November 1602, Sebastián Vizcaíno was sent to map the California coast.San Diego – Images from top, left to right: San Diego Skyline, Coronado Bridge, museum in Balboa Park, Serra Museum in Presidio Park and the Old Point Loma lighthouse
7. Sam Liccardo – Samuel Theodore "Sam" Liccardo is an American politician from California, currently serving as Mayor of San Jose. Liccardo was elected mayor in November 2014. One of Laura Liccardo, Sam Liccardo grew up in Saratoga, California and graduated from Bellarmine College Prep. Liccardo earned his law diploma at Harvard Law School. Prior to his election to public office in 2006 he served in the Santa Clara County District Attorney's office. In 2006, Liccardo ran for San Jose's District 3 Council seat. In June 2010, he won his reelection with 80.16 % of the primary vote. As councilman, Liccardo advocated for more high rises including the construction of the $135 million, 23-story high rise at One South Market. In 2014, Liccardo ran for Mayor of San Jose to succeed termed-out Mayor Chuck Reed. He placed first in the November runoff with 50.8 % of the vote. The mayor offered policy suggestions in Safer City, Smarter Government. Inthe 2016 elections, voters approved the agreement by passing F with more than 61 % of the vote. This measure replaced a contentious pension plan, which has faced a series of legal challenges since its 2012 passage. The city has engaged in a number of efforts to expand its base. The city launched five new, direct international flights in 2016.Sam Liccardo – Sam Liccardo
8. San Jose, California – San Jose is the largest city in Northern California. Before the arrival of the Spanish, the area around San Jose was inhabited by the Ohlone people. San Jose was founded as San José de Guadalupe, the first civilian town in the Spanish colony of Alta California. The city served as a community to support Spanish military installations at San Francisco and Monterey. When California gained statehood in 1850, San Jose became the capital. It then began to experience much of it coming from veterans returning from World War II. San Jose then continued its aggressive expansion by annexing more land area. The rapid growth of the electronics industries further accelerated the transition from an agricultural center to an urbanized metropolitan area. By the 1990s, San Jose's location within the booming high tech industry earned the city the nickname "Capital of Silicon Valley". San Jose is now notable for its affluence and high cost of living. The U.S. Census Bureau estimated the population of the city to be 1,015,785 as of July 2014. Prior to European settlement, the area was inhabited by several groups of Ohlone Native Americans. The first European presence began with a series of Franciscan missions established from 1769 by Junípero Serra. San Jose came under Mexican rule in 1821 after Mexico broke with the Spanish crown. It then became part of the United States, after California was annexed.San Jose, California – Images, from top down, left to right: Downtown San Jose, Hotel De Anza, East San Jose suburbs, Lick Observatory, Plaza de César Chávez
9. Ed Lee (politician) – Edwin Mah "Ed" Lee is the 43rd and current Mayor of San Francisco, California. Lee won the election on November 8, 2011 to serve a full term as Mayor. He was re-elected in 2015. He is the American mayor in San Francisco's history, as well as the first Chinese American elected to the office. Before being appointed mayor, he was City Administrator. From 1989 to 1991, Lee worked as a Whistleblower Ordinance Investigator and the Deputy Director of Employment Relations in San Francisco. Lee later worked as the director of the Human Rights Commission from 1991 to 1996. Afterwards, Lee became director of the City Purchasing Department in 1996 until his appointment to City Administrator in 2000. In 1989, Lee was appointed by Mayor Art Agnos as the City's first investigator under the city's Whistleblower Ordinance. Agnos later appointed him deputy director of human relations. Brown appointed Director of City Purchasing, where, among other responsibilities, he ran the City's Minority/Women-Owned Business Enterprise program. As City Administrator, Lee oversaw the reduction of city government and implemented the city’s first ever Ten Year Capital Plan. The Board of Supervisors nominated four people: former Mayor Art Agnos, Lee. At the January 7 meeting, the old board voted 10–1 to elect Lee as mayor, with outgoing Supervisor Chris Daly casting the lone "no" vote. At the time, Lee promised not to seek election if appointed, a statement which helped to gain support for his appointment.Ed Lee (politician) – Edwin Lee
10. San Francisco – San Francisco is about 47.9 square miles in area. It is located on the north end of the San Francisco Peninsula. It is the smallest county in the state. The California Gold Rush of 1849 brought rapid growth, making it the largest city on the West Coast at the time. San Francisco became a consolidated city-county in 1856. After three-quarters of the city was destroyed by the 1906 earthquake and fire, San Francisco was quickly rebuilt, hosting the Panama-Pacific International Exposition nine years later. In World War II, San Francisco was the port of embarkation for service members shipping out to the Pacific Theater. Politically, the city votes strongly along liberal Democratic Party lines. As of 2016, San Francisco is ranked high on world liveability rankings. The earliest archaeological evidence of human habitation of the territory of the city of San Francisco dates to 3000 BC. Upon independence from Spain in 1821, the area became part of Mexico. Under Mexican rule, the mission system gradually ended, its lands became privatized. In 1835, Englishman William Richardson erected the independent homestead, near a anchorage around what is Portsmouth Square. Commodore John D. Sloat claimed California for the United States on July 7, 1846, during the Mexican–American War, Captain John B. Montgomery arrived to claim Yerba Buena two days later.San Francisco – San Francisco and the Golden Gate Bridge from Marin Headlands
11. Fresno, California – Fresno, the county seat of Fresno County, is a city in the U.S. state of California. Fresno is in the center of the San Joaquin Valley and is the largest city in the Central Valley, which contains the San Joaquin Valley. It is approximately 220 miles northwest of Los Angeles, 170 miles south of the state capital, Sacramento, or 185 miles south of San Francisco. The name Fresno means "ash tree" in Spanish, an ash leaf is featured on the city's flag. The county of Fresno was formed in 1856 after the California Gold Rush. It was named for the abundant ash trees lining the San Joaquin River. Other early county settlements included Firebaugh's Ferry, Scottsburg and Elkhorn Springs. The San Joaquin River flooded on December 24, 1867, inundating Millerton. Some residents rebuilt, others moved. Flooding also destroyed the town of Scottsburg on the nearby Kings River that winter. Rebuilt on higher ground, Scottsburg was renamed Centerville. In 1867, Anthony "McQeen" Easterby purchased land bounded by the present Chestnut, Belmont, Clovis and California avenues, that today is called the Sunnyside district. Unable to grow wheat for lack of water, he hired sheep man Moses J. Church in 1871 to create an irrigation system. Building new canals and purchasing existing ditches, Church then formed the Fresno Canal and Irrigation Company, a predecessor of the Fresno Irrigation District. In 1872, the Central Pacific Railroad established a station near Easterby's—by now a hugely productive wheat farm—for its new Southern Pacific line.Fresno, California – An 1897 photo of K Street High School, which was replaced by Fresno High School in 1896. The school later became Emerson Elementary School and was demolished ca. 1930.
12. Darrell Steinberg – Darrell Steven Steinberg is an American Democratic politician, the current mayor of Sacramento, California. Steinberg was elected to be mayor on June 2016. Before that, Steinberg was the leader of the majority party in the California State Senate from 2008 to 2014. He was a member of the California State Senate representing the 6th District. Steinberg had also previously served as a member of the Sacramento City Council. Steinberg served as an employee rights attorney for the California State Employees Association as an Administrative Law Judge and mediator. Darrell Steinberg was a member of the California State Assembly from 1998 until he was termed out in 2004. Steinberg authored 70 bills that were signed in areas that included Mental Health, K-12 education, foster care and workplace safety. He is considered a strong advocate for mental health issues. Steinberg authored legislation to make them more accountable for improvement. Steinberg authored several nationally recognized laws to improve the state's foster system, including measures to improve system accountability and educational stability. His legislation in foster care included AB 408, which mandated steps to help older foster youth find permanent families. Steinberg also passed the first significant expansion of community mental health programs in more than a decade. Some supporters referred to this legislation because of an accident that occurred at the Tosco Refinery near Martinez, California in 1999. The accident, which resulted in four deaths, was held up for dangerous workplace-safety violations.Darrell Steinberg – Darrell Steinberg
13. Sacramento, California – Sacramento is the capital city of the U.S. state of California and the seat of Sacramento County. It is at the confluence of the Sacramento River and the American River in the northern portion of California's expansive Central Valley. Its estimated 2014 population of 485,199 made it the sixth-largest city in California, the 35th largest city in the United States. Sacramento is the cultural and economic core of the Sacramento metropolitan area, which includes seven counties with a 2010 population of 2,414,783. In 2002, the Civil Rights Project at Harvard University conducted for Time magazine named Sacramento "America's Most Diverse City". Sacramento became a city through the efforts of the Swiss immigrant John Sutter, Sr. his son John Augustus Sutter, Jr. and James W. Marshall. Sacramento grew quickly thanks to the protection of Sutter's Fort, established by Sutter in 1839. The city was named after the Sacramento River, which forms its western border. The river was named by Spanish cavalry officer Gabriel Moraga for the Santísimo Sacramento, referring to the Catholic Eucharist. University of the Pacific's Sacramento Campus is a private university with one of its three campuses in Sacramento. In addition, the University of California, Davis, is in nearby Davis, 15 miles west of the capital. The UC Davis Medical Center, a world-renowned research hospital, is located in the city of Sacramento. Nisenan and Plains Miwok Native Americans had lived in the area for perhaps thousands of years. Unlike the settlers who would eventually make Sacramento their home, these Native Americans left little evidence of their existence. In 1808, the Spanish explorer Gabriel Moraga discovered and named the Sacramento Valley and the Sacramento River.Sacramento, California
14. Robert Garcia (California politician) – Robert Garcia is a Peruvian-American politician, the current Mayor of Long Beach, California. In 2014 he ran for Mayor of Long Beach. Garcia qualified by finishing first in the primary election. Garcia won the mayoral election with 52.1 % of the vote defeating Damon Dunn. He was the first openly gay person to be elected Mayor of Long Beach. He was born in Lima, Peru. Garcia immigrated with his mother at age 5. His aunt worked in many jobs, including as housekeepers, to support the family. He received his Ed.D. in June 2010. Garcia has taught courses in Communication and Public Policy at the University of Southern California, California State University, Long Beach City College. Garcia is fully bilingual, speaking, writing both English and Spanish fluently. Originally a Republican, he served for the 2000 George W. Bush presidential campaign while in college. He changed his party around 2007. In 2007, he founded a website devoted to local news and sports reporting. The site soon gave Garcia increased local prominence.Robert Garcia (California politician) – Robert Garcia
15. Long Beach, California – Long Beach is the 36th most populous city in the United States and the 7th most populous in California. It is located within the Greater Los Angeles area of Southern California. As of 2010, its population was 462,257. Long Beach is the third largest in Southern California behind Los Angeles and San Diego. The Port of Long Beach is among the world's largest shipping ports. The city also maintains a robust industry with wells located both directly beneath the city as well as offshore. Manufacturing sectors include those in aircraft, automotive parts, electronic equipment, home furnishings. Long Beach lies in the southeastern corner of borders Orange County. Downtown Long Beach is approximately 22 miles south of Downtown Los Angeles, though the two cities share an official border for several miles. Several successive cultures have inhabited the present-day area of Long Beach. By the 16th-century arrival of Spanish explorers, the dominant group were the Tongva people. They had at least three major settlements within the present-day city. Tevaaxa'anga was an inland settlement near the Los Angeles River, while Ahwaanga and Povuu'nga were coastal villages. In 1784 the Spanish Empire's King Carlos III granted Rancho Los Nietos to Spanish soldier Manuel Nieto. The Rancho Los Cerritos and Rancho Los Alamitos were divided from this territory.Long Beach, California – Images from top, left to right: Long Beach skyline from Bluff Park, RMS Queen Mary, Aquarium of the Pacific Blue Cavern exhibit, Hanjin Terminal at Port of Long Beach, Villa Riviera, Metro Blue Line, Long Beach Lighthouse
16. Libby Schaaf – Elizabeth Beckman "Libby" Schaaf is an American politician and member of the Democratic Party. She is a former member of the Oakland City Council. Schaaf won the November 2014, Oakland mayoral election in the 14th round in ranked choice voting with 62.79 % of the vote. Before starting her political career, Schaaf was an attorney at the largest firm in Oakland at Reed Smith LLP. In 2009, Schaaf graduated from an intensive training program for women who aspire to seek elected office. Before joining the Oakland City Council in 2010, Schaaf served for the council for a year. In 2010, Schaaf was elected to represent District 4, on the Oakland City Council. Schaaf also strove to increase government transparency and efficiency, strengthen Oakland neighborhoods in her time on city council. She worked extensively on Oakland Police Department reform, pushing through a plan to unite both the Alameda and Oakland Police Departments. In the race for Oakland mayor, Schaaf was endorsed by Governor of US Senator Barbara Boxer. In June 2015, Mayor Schaaf announced the formation of Oakland’s first Department of Transportation. The Department of Transportation assumed some responsibilities formerly held by Oakland Public Works, such as resurfacing and maintenance. In her announcement, Mayor Schaaf said that the focus will be on, “sustainable strategies that can bring needed change quickly to city streets.” The Department of Transportation consists of previously working in the Department of Public Works and Oakland Police Department's Parking Enforcement operations. Schaaf hired Matt Nichols in March 2015.Libby Schaaf – Oakland City Council member and Mayor-Elect Libby Schaaf commemorating the centennial of women gaining the right to vote in California.
17. Oakland, California – Oakland /ˈoʊklənd/ is the largest city and the county seat of Alameda County, California, United States. The city is located six miles east of San Francisco. Oakland was incorporated in 1852. Oakland's territory covers what was once a mosaic of California coastal terrace prairie, oak woodland, north coastal scrub. In the late 1860s, Oakland was selected as the western terminal of the Transcontinental Railroad. Following the 1906 San Francisco earthquake, many San Francisco citizens moved to Oakland, enlarging the city's population, increasing its housing stock and improving its infrastructure. It continued to grow in the 20th century with its busy port, shipyards, a thriving automobile manufacturing industry. Oakland is known for its sustainability practices, including a top ranking for usage of electricity from renewable resources. The earliest known inhabitants were the Huchiun Indians, who lived there for thousands of years. The Huchiun belonged to a linguistic grouping later called the Ohlone. In Oakland, they were concentrated around Lake Merritt and Temescal Creek, a stream that enters the San Francisco Bay at Emeryville. In 1772, the area that later became Oakland was claimed, with the rest of California, by Spanish settlers for the King of Spain. In the early 19th century, the Spanish crown granted the East Bay area to Luis María Peralta for his Rancho San Antonio. The grant was confirmed by the successor Mexican republic upon its independence from Spain. Upon his death in 1842, Peralta divided his land among his four sons.Oakland, California – Oakland skyline, with the old eastern span of the San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge in background
18. Bakersfield, California – The city is 110 mi north of Los Angeles and about the same distance south of Fresno. Bakersfield's population making the 52nd largest city in the United States. The city is also the county seat for Kern County, which encompasses the entire MSA. The urban area, which includes East Bakersfield and Rosedale, has a population of about 464,000. Bakersfield is the focal point of the larger Bakersfield-Delano, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area, coextensive with Kern County. In 2010, it had a population of 839,631, making it the 62nd largest metropolitan area in United States. Bakersfield has a very diverse economy. Kern County is the most productive oil producing county, the fourth most productive agricultural county in the United States. Industries include natural gas and other energy extraction, aerospace, mining, petroleum refining, corporate/regional headquarters. Archaeological evidence indicates the presence of Native American settlements dating back thousands of years. The Yokuts lived along hunted antelope, tule elk, deer, bear, game birds. In 1776, Spanish missionary Father Francisco Garcés became the first European to explore the area. Following the discovery of gold in California in 1848, settlers flooded into the San Joaquin Valley. In 1851, gold was discovered along the Kern River in the southern Sierra Nevada, in 1865, oil was discovered in the valley. The Bakersfield area, once a tule-reed-covered marshland, was first known as Kern Island to the handful of pioneers who built log cabins there in 1860.Bakersfield, California – Bakersfield skyline at night with the Rabobank Arena in the foreground.
19. Anaheim, California – Anaheim is a city in Orange County, California, part of the Los Angeles metropolitan area. Anaheim is known for center. Anaheim was founded by fifty German families in 1857 and incorporated as the second city in Los Angeles County on March 18, 1876. The city developed into an industrial center, producing electronics, aircraft parts and canned fruit. Anaheim's city limits extend from Cypress in the west to the Riverside County line in the east and encompass a diverse collection of neighborhoods and communities. Anaheim Hills is a master-planned community located in the city's eastern stretches, home to many of the city's affluent. Downtown Anaheim has three mixed-use historic districts, the largest of, the Anaheim Colony. A commercial district, includes retail complexes. The Platinum Triangle, a neo-urban redevelopment district surrounding Angel Stadium, is planned to be populated with mixed-use streets and high-rises. Finally, Anaheim Canyon is an industrial district north of SR 91 and east of SR 57. Anaheim's name is a blend of "Ana", after a Germanic place compound originally meaning "home". For $750 a share, the group formed the Anaheim Vineyard Company. Their new community was named Annaheim, meaning "home by the Santa Anna River" in German. The name later was altered to Anaheim. To the Spanish-speaking neighbors, the settlement was known as Campo Alemán.Anaheim, California
20. Santa Ana, California – Santa Ana /ˌsæntə ˈænə/ is the county seat and second most populous city in Orange County, California. The United States Census Bureau estimated its 2011 population at 329,427, making the most-populous city in the United States. Santa Ana is located in Southern California, adjacent to the Santa Ana River, about 10 miles away from the California coast. Santa Ana is a very densely populated city, ranking fourth nationally in that regard among cities of over 300,000 residents. In 2011 Forbes ranked Santa Ana the fourth-safest city of over 250,000 residents in the United States. Santa Ana lends its name to the Santa Ana Freeway, which runs through the city. It also shares its name with the nearby Santa Ana Mountains, the Santa Ana winds, which have historically fueled seasonal wildfires throughout Southern California. Budget metropolitan designation for the Orange County Area is California. Members of the Tongva and Juaneño/Luiseño are indigenous to the area. The Tongva called the Santa Ana area "Hotuuk." On November 1, 1776, Mission San Juan Capistrano was established within this valley. This Santa Ana Valley comprised most of what is now called Orange County. This rancho was the only land grant in Orange County granted under Spanish Rule. Surrounding land grants in Orange County were granted after Mexican Independence by the new government. After the Mexican-American war ended in 1848, Alta California became part of the United States and American settlers arrived in this area.Santa Ana, California – Images, from top, left to right: The Old Orange County Courthouse, Bowers Museum, old city hall, Minter House, and Broadway street
21. Riverside, California – Riverside is a city in Riverside County, California, United States, located in the Inland Empire metropolitan area. Riverside is the county seat of the eponymous county and named for its location beside the Santa Ana River. It is the most populous city in the Inland Empire as well as Riverside County, is located approximately 60 miles east of Los Angeles. It is also part of the Greater Los Angeles area. Riverside is the 59th most populous city in the United States and 12th most populous city in California. As of the 2010 Census, Riverside had a population of 303,871. It is also home to the Riverside National Cemetery. The University of California, Riverside, is located in the northeastern part of the city. The university also hosts the Riverside Sports Complex. In the early 1800s, the area was inhabited by the Serrano people. Californios such as Bernardo Yorba and Juan Bandini established ranches during the first half of the 19th century. In the 1860s, Louis Prevost launched the California Silk Center Association, a short-lived experiment in sericulture. In the wake of its failure, John W. North purchased some of its land and formed the Southern California Colony Association to promote the area's development. In March 1870, North distributed posters announcing the formation of a colony in California. North, a staunch temperance-minded abolitionist from New York State, had previously founded Northfield, Minnesota.Riverside, California – Riverside skyline
22. Stockton, California – Stockton was founded by Captain Charles Maria Weber in 1849 after he acquired Rancho Campo de los Franceses. The city had an estimated population of 315,592 as of 2016. Stockton is the 63rd largest city in the United States. It was named 2004 and again in 2015. Built during the California Gold Rush, Stockton's seaport serves as a gateway beyond. It provided easy access to the southern gold mines. Stockton has been the location of the oldest university in California, University of the Pacific since 1923. As a result of the 2008 financial crisis, Stockton was the second largest city in the United States to file for protection. Stockton successfully exited bankruptcy in February 2015. Stockton is situated amidst the farmland of a subregion of the Central Valley. In and around Stockton are thousands of miles of waterways, which make up the California Delta. Inland California's major north-south highways, pass through the city. The dredged San Joaquin River connect the city with the San Francisco Bay Area to its west. Stockton and Sacramento are California's only inland sea ports. When Europeans first visited the Stockton area, a branch of the Northern Valley Yokuts Indians, occupied the Stockton area.Stockton, California – Downtown Stockton waterfront
23. Chula Vista, California – The population was 243,916 as of the 2010 census. Chula Vista is so named because of its scenic location between the San Diego Bay and coastal mountain foothills. Founded in the early 19th century, fast population growth has recently been observed in the city. Later the Kumeyaay tribe came to populate the land, on which the city sits today, who lived in the area for hundreds of years. In the year 1542 CE, a fleet of three Spanish Empire ships commanded by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo, sailed into San Diego Harbor. Early explorations by Spanish conquistadors, such as these, led to Spanish claims of the land. The historic land on which Chula Vista sits became part of the 1795 land grant known as Rancho del Rey or The King's Ranch. The land eventually was renamed Rancho de la Nación. During the Mexican-American War, California was claimed by the United States, regardless of the California independence movement that had briefly swept the state. Though California was now under the jurisdiction of the United States, land grants were allowed to continue in the form of private property. The San Diego Land and Town Company developed lands of the Rancho de la Nación for new settlement. The town began as a five thousand acre development, with the first house being erected in 1887; by 1889, ten houses had been completed. Chula Vista can be roughly translated from Spanish as "beautiful view." The 1888 completion of the Sweetwater Dam allowed for irrigation of Chula Vista farming lands. Chula Vista eventually became the largest lemon-growing center in the world for a period of time.Chula Vista, California – Images from top, left to right: Chula Vista Bayfront, Sleep Train Amphitheatre, HMS Surprise, Third Avenue in Downtown
24. Don Wagner – Donald P. "Don" Wagner is an American politician, the mayor of Irvine, California. He previously served as a Republican member of the California State Assembly, representing the 68th district, which includes portions of Orange County. He and his family resides in Irvine, California. Wagner was an attorney for Kindel and Anderson from 1993 to 1998. He has been an attorney for Wagner Lautsch Limited Liability Partnership since 1998. Previous positions include three active terms as a member of the South Orange County Community College District Board of Trustees. He served as the first president of the Orange County Chapter of the Federalist Society. In 2010, Wagner narrowly won the Republican primary election over Irvine City Councilman Steven Choi. He then won the general election with 58.2% of the votes. Bureaucracy tries to put by requiring a copy of each new regulation to be submitted to the Secretary of State. Project Vote Smart provides the following results from legislative scorecards. National Rifle Association – A in 2010 Campaign website Project Vote Smart Biography Wagner's Facebook profileDon Wagner – Donald P. Wagner
25. Irvine, California – Irvine is an affluent city in Orange County, California, United States. It is a planned city; the Irvine Company started developing the area in the 1960s. Formally incorporated on December 28, 1971, the 66-square-mile city had a population of 212,375 as of the 2010 census; in 2016 the city's population was 258,386. In 2016, Irvine became the largest city in the continental United States with an Asian American plurality, constituting around 45% of the city's population. A number of corporations, particularly in the technology and semiconductor sectors, have their national or international headquarters in Irvine. The Gabrieleño indigenous group inhabited Irvine about 2,000 years ago. A Spanish explorer, came to the area in 1769, which led to the establishment of forts, herds. The King of Spain parceled out land for missions and private use. After Mexico's independence from Spain in 1821, the Mexican government secularized the missions and assumed control of the lands. It began distributing the land to Mexican citizens who applied for grants. In 1866, Irvine, Flint and Bixby acquired 47,000-acre Rancho Lomas de Santiago for $7,000. After the Mexican-American war the land of Rancho Santiago de Santa Ana fell prey to tangled titles. In 1868, the ranch was divided among four claimants as part of a lawsuit: Flint, Bixby and Irvine. The ranches were devoted to sheep grazing. However, in 1870, tenant farming was permitted.Irvine, California – The Irvine Spectrum
26. Fremont, California – Fremont is a city in Alameda County, California, western United States. It was incorporated on January 23, 1956, from the merger of five smaller communities: Centerville, Niles, Irvington, Mission San Jose, Warm Springs. The city is named after American explorer John Charles Frémont. Located in the southeast section of the San Francisco Bay Area in the East Bay region primarily, Fremont has a population of around 230,000. It is the fourth most populous city in the San Francisco Bay Area, the largest suburb in the metropolis. It is the closest East Bay city to Silicon Valley, is thus sometimes associated with it. The area consisting of Fremont, Newark, Union City, is now known as the Tri-City Area. Fremont is home to the largest population of Afghan Americans in the United States. The recorded history of the Fremont area began on June 6, 1795, when Mission San José was founded by the Spaniard Father Fermin de Lasuen. The Mission was established at the site of the Ohlone village of Oroysom. On their second day in the area, the Mission party killed a grizzly bear in Niles Canyon. The first English-speaking visitor to Fremont was the renowned trapper and explorer Jedediah Smith in 1827. The Mission prospered, eventually reaching a population of 1,887 inhabitants in 1831. The influence of the missionaries declined after 1834, when the Mexican government enacted secularization. Brother of Mariano Vallejo, was the grantee of the Rancho Arroyo la Alameda Mexican grant.Fremont, California – A view of Mission Peak from Fremont Central Park
27. San Bernardino, California – San Bernardino /ˈsæn ˌbɜːrnɑːrˈdiːnoʊ/ is a city located in the Riverside-San Bernardino metropolitan area. It serves as the county seat of San Bernardino County, California, United States. San Bernardino is the 17th-largest city in California, the 100th-largest city in the United States. San Bernardino is home to numerous diplomatic missions for the Inland Empire, being one of four cities in California with numerous consulates. The governments of Guatemala and Mexico have established their consulates in the downtown area of the city. California State University, San Bernardino is located in the northwestern part of the city. The university also hosts the Coussoulis Arena. In addition, the city is home to the Inland Empire 66ers baseball team; they play their home games at San Manuel Stadium in downtown San Bernardino. San Bernardino's case was filed on August 1. On December 2, 2015, a terrorist attack left 14 people dead and 22 seriously injured. The Tongva Indians also called the San Bernardino area Wa'aach in their language. The city of San Bernardino is one of the oldest communities in the state of California. Named for Bernardino of Siena on May 20, 1810, San Bernardino, in its present-day location, was not largely settled until 1851, after California became a state. The city was officially incorporated in the year 1857. Soon afterward, San Bernardino became an important trading hub in Southern California.San Bernardino, California – Downtown San Bernardino
28. Modesto, California – Modesto /məˈdɛstoʊ/, officially the City of Modesto, is the county seat and largest city of Stanislaus County, California, United States. The Modesto Census County Division, which includes the cities of Ceres and Riverbank, had a population of 312,842 as of 2010. Modesto has been honored as a Tree City USA numerous times. It is surrounded by rich farmland; Stanislaus County ranks sixth among California counties in farm production. Led by milk, chickens, silage, the county grossed nearly $3.1 billion in 2011. The Farm to Table movement plays a central role in Modesto living as in the Central Valley. The city's annual Architectural Festival honors Modesto's history as a testing ground for mid-century modern architecture during the 1940s and'50s. Modesto's mid-century buildings have been featured four times in Museum of Modern Art publications. In December 2009, Forbes ranked Modesto 48th out of 100 among "Best Bang-for-the-Buck Cities". In this ranking, Modesto ranked 8th in housing affordability and travel time but also ranked 86th in job forecast growth and 99th in foreclosures. Modesto is the home of Gallo Family Winery, the largest privately owned winery in the world. Modesto was originally a stop on the railroad connecting Sacramento to Los Angeles. At its founding in 1870, it was to be named Ralston after financier William C. Ralston. Ralston's modesty prompted him to ask that another name be found, the town was named Modesto in recognition of his modesty.Modesto, California – Modesto Arch, including the city motto
29. Fontana, California – Fontana is a city of 203,003 residents in San Bernardino County, California. Fontana also hosts the Fontana Days Half Marathon and 5K run. This race is the fastest half-marathon course in the world. The fontana is Italian for fountain or source, being in close proximity to the Santa Ana River to the west. Fontana was founded in 1913 by Azariel Blanchard Miller. Within a few years it became an agricultural town of citrus orchards, vineyards and chicken ranches astride U.S. Route 66. In the 1950s and'60s, Fontana was home to a drag racing strip, a venue in the NHRA circuit. Mickey Thompson's Fontana International Dragway was also referred to as Fontana Drag City or Fontana Drag Strip. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 128,929, but the present population is now estimated to have reached over 200,000. There are also sedimentary deposits of similar age from Etiwanda Creek on the western edge of the city. However, the southern edges of the city are formed by Jurupa mountain ranges, respectively. The Jurupa Mountains are composed primarily of Cretaceous and Paleozoic-era rocks, as are the San Gabriels, which also include even older, Proterozoic formations. The most prominent of the San Gabriel Mountains visible from Fontana is 8,859 feet. It is estimated to be capable of producing earthquakes approximately of magnitude 6.0-7.0. The city's listed elevation, measured from the northeast corner of the intersection of Upland Avenue and Sierra Avenue, downtown by City Hall, is 1,237 feet.Fontana, California – Fontana as seen from Mount Jurupa, looking north towards the Cajon Pass.
30. Oxnard, California – Oxnard /ˈɒksnɑːrd/ is a city in the United States, located along the coast of Southern California. It is the 19th most populous city in California and the most populous in Ventura County. The city lies approximately 30 miles west of the Los Angeles city limits, is part of the larger Greater Los Angeles area. The population of Oxnard is 203,585 as of the 2012 Financial Report. Oxnard was incorporated in 1903. It is located at the western edge of the fertile Oxnard Plain, sitting adjacent to an agricultural center of strawberries and lima beans. Oxnard is also a major transportation hub in Southern California, with Amtrak, Union Pacific, Metrolink, Greyhound, Intercalifornia stopping in Oxnard. Oxnard also has a small regional airport called Oxnard Airport. Oxnard is also the location of the National Weather Service forecast office that serves the Los Angeles area. Before the arrival of Europeans, the area, now Oxnard was inhabited by Chumash Native Americans. The first European to encounter the area was Portuguese explorer João Rodrigues Cabrilho, who claimed it for Spain in 1542. During the mission period, it was serviced by the Mission San Buenaventura, established in 1782. Ranching began to take hold among Californio settlers, who lost their regional influence when California became a US state in 1850. At about the same time, the area was settled by American farmers, who cultivated barley and lima beans. Shortly after the 1897 beet campaign, a new town emerged, now commemorated on the National Register of Historic Places as the Henry T. Oxnard Historic District.Oxnard, California – Oxnard gateway monument sign.
31. Moreno Valley, California – Moreno Valley is a city located in Riverside County, California and is part of the San Bernardino-Riverside Metropolitan Area. As of the 2010 census, the city's population was 193,365. The city is closely tied to Riverside, California, the county seat and largest city in the county, which neighbors Moreno Valley directly to the west. Moreno Valley is also part of the Greater Los Angeles area. The Moreno Valley area was first inhabited 2,300 years ago. There are at least 190 prehistoric archaeological locations within the city. The majority of the sites are milling stations - where chaparral seed was the dominant milling activity. Spanish scouts initially came across descendants of the Shoshone, Luiseño tribes; although other groups, such as the Serrano and Cahuilla were in the area. Spanish scouts blazed a number of trails in the area, including the Anza Trail, which runs through the Edgemont area of present-day Moreno Valley. When California was admitted to the United States as a state in 1850, Americans began to move into the area. The Tucson-to-San Francisco route of John Butterfield's Overland Mail Company passed through. Some farmers began to occupy the area, relying upon water from Frank E. Brown's Bear Valley Land and Water Company. Beginning in 1883, the company collected and pumped water from Bear Valley, California in the San Bernardino Mountains to the north. The area first acquired its current name, Moreno Valley, at this time, referring to Frank Brown. In 1899, the city of Redlands won a lawsuit in which the city claimed eminent domain over the Bear Valley water.Moreno Valley, California – Man-made lake in the Sunnymead Ranch community of northern Moreno Valley
32. Huntington Beach, California – Huntington Beach is a seaside city in Orange County in Southern California. The city is named after American businessman Henry E. Huntington. Its estimated 2014 population was 200,809. Huntington Beach is known for its 9.5-mile stretch of beach culture. The ocean waves are enhanced by a natural effect caused by the edge-diffraction of open ocean swells around Santa Catalina Island. The area was originally occupied by the Tongva people. The main thoroughfare of Huntington Beach, Beach Boulevard, was originally a cattle route for the main industry of the Rancho. Since its time as a parcel of the enormous Spanish land grant, Huntington Beach has undergone many incarnations. Later it became known as Fairview and then Pacific City, as it developed into a tourist destination. The Huntington Beach pier was built in 1904 and was originally a 1,000 foot-long timber structure. Huntington Beach was incorporated on February 17, 1909 during the tenure of its first mayor, Ed Manning. Its original developer was Huntington Beach Company, a real-estate development firm owned by Henry Huntington. The Huntington Beach Company is still a major land-owner in the city, still owns most of the local mineral rights. The company is now wholly owned by the Chevron Corporation. The lucky buyers got more than they had bargained for when oil was discovered in the area, enormous development of the oil reserves followed.Huntington Beach, California – Aerial view of Huntington Beach, Brookhurst Street & Pacific Coast Highway in April 2008.
33. Glendale, California – Glendale /ˈɡlɛndeɪl/ is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. Its estimated 2014 population was 200,167, making it the third largest city in Los Angeles County and the 23rd-largest city in California. It is located about 8 miles north of downtown Los Angeles. Glendale lies on the southeastern end of the San Fernando Valley, bisected by the Verdugo Mountains, is a suburb in the Greater Los Angeles Area. The Golden State, Ventura, Glendale, Foothill freeways run through the city. Glendale has one of the largest communities of Armenian descent in the United States. In 2013, Glendale was named LA's Neighborhood of the Year by the readers and editors of Curbed.com. Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemetery contains the remains of many noted celebrities and local residents. Grand Central Airport was the point for the west-to-east transcontinental flight flown by Charles Lindbergh. The area was long inhabited by the Tongva people, who were later renamed the Gabrieleños by the Spanish missionaries, after the nearby Mission San Gabriel Arcángel. Rancho San Rafael was a Spanish concession, of which 25 were made in California. Unlike the later Mexican land grants, the concessions were similar to grazing permits, with the title remaining with the Spanish crown. In 1860, his grandson Teodoro Verdugo built the Verdugo Adobe, the oldest building in Glendale. Frémont. Verdugo's descendants sold the ranch in various parcels, some of which are included in present-day Atwater Village, Eagle Rock, Highland Park neighborhoods of Los Angeles.Glendale, California – View of Glendale from Forest Lawn Memorial Park
34. Santa Clarita, California – The city has annexed a number of unincorporated areas, contributing to the large population increase. It is located about 35 miles northwest of downtown Los Angeles, occupies most of the Santa Clarita Valley. It is a notable example of a U.S. edge city or boomburb. Santa Clarita was ranked by Money magazine in 2006 as 18th of the top 100 places to live. The four communities retain separate identities, it is common for residents to refer those communities when asked where they are from. Santa Clarita is bounded on the west by the Golden State Freeway. The Newhall Pass is the city's point. Santa Clarita was incorporated in December 1987, but its history stretches back several centuries. About AD 450, the Tataviam arrived, numbering around 2,000 at their zenith. The Santa Clara River was named by Spanish explorers for Clare of Assisi. The settlement later became known as "little Santa Clara" to the Northern California mission and city of Santa Clara, California. In time, "little Santa Clara" became "Santa Clarita." In 1842, Francisco Lopez made the first "documented" discovery of gold in California. The event is memorialized in an 1842 mining claim issued by Gov. Juan B. Alvarado.Santa Clarita, California – Santa Clarita's Canyon Country in September 2008.
35. Oceanside, California – Oceanside is a coastal city located on California's South Coast. It is the third-largest city in San Diego County, California. The city had a population of 167,086 at the 2010 census. Together with Carlsbad and Vista, it forms a tri-city area. Oceanside is located just south of Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton. Originally inhabited by Native Americans, the first European explorers arrived in 1769. In the early 19th century, the introduction of farming and grazing changed the landscape of what would become Oceanside. The area—like all of California—was under Spanish, then in 1821 under Mexican rule, then the U.S. in 1848. In the late 1850s, Andrew Jackson Myers lived in San Joaquin County. A native of LaSalle County, Illinois, he returned in the late 1880s and lived in San Luis Rey. In 1882 Myers moved on the land, the original town site for Oceanside. A patent for the land was issued in 1883 by the federal government. It was incorporated on July 3, 1888. The city hall as of the early 21st century stands on the former Myers homestead. The office contains Air Mail, painted in 1937 by Elsie Seeds.Oceanside, California – Oceanside's Tyson St. Park beach
36. Garden Grove, California – Garden Grove is a city in northern Orange County, California, United States, located 34 miles south of the city of Los Angeles. The population was 170,883 at the 2010 United States Census. State Route 22, also known as the Garden Grove Freeway, passes through the city in an east-west direction. The western portion of the city is known as West Garden Grove. Garden Grove was founded by Alonzo Cook in 1874. A Methodist church were organized that year. It remained a rural crossroads in 1905. The connection helped the town prosper with crops of orange, walnuts, later strawberries. In 1933, much of the town's central business district was destroyed by the Long Beach earthquake, one person was killed at the high school. Garden Grove was incorporated with about 44,000 residents. By 1960, the population had grown to 85,000; by 1970 it was 120,000. It celebrates the city's agricultural past, which includes cultivating crops such as chili peppers, oranges, strawberries. Part of the festivities include the cutting of a celebrity-filled parade. Numerous Garden Grove organizations, including the Miss Garden Grove Scholarship Program, are part of the Memorial Day weekend festivities every year. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 46.5 km2 0.10% of, water.Garden Grove, California – Crystal Cathedral interior in 2005
37. Rancho Cucamonga, California – Rancho Cucamonga is a suburban city situated at the foothills of the San Gabriel Mountains in San Bernardino County, California. It is located 37 miles east of Downtown Los Angeles. The city had a population of 165,269 in an estimated population in 2014. The city experiences an average of 287 sunny days per year, compared to a national average of 205 days. Its climate is classified as Csa, under the Köppen climate system. The city's seal, which centers on a cluster of grapes, alludes to the city's agricultural history and intimate connections to wine-making. The city's favorable host of public amenities have earned numerous distinctions. Notably, Money Magazine ranked Rancho Cucamonga 42nd on its "Best Places to Live" list in 2006. In addition, Insider Magazine established one Rancho Cucamonga neighborhood as the 13th richest neighborhood in Southern California. Rancho Cucamonga's first settlers were Native American. By 1200 A.D. Kukamongan Native Americans had established a settlement in the area near the city's western border. Kukamonga derives its name from a Native-American word meaning "sandy place." After a half-century of political jockeying in the region, the land finally came under the control of Juan Bautista Alvarado, governor of Mexico. Tapia went on to establish the first winery in California on his newly deeded land. Rancho Cucamonga was purchased by John Rains and his wife in 1858.Rancho Cucamonga, California – Rancho Cucamonga
38. Santa Rosa, California – Santa Rosa is a city in and the county seat of Sonoma County, California, United States. Its estimated 2014 population was 174,170. Before the arrival of Europeans, the wide valley containing Santa Rosa was home to a strong and populous tribe of Pomo natives known as the Bitakomtara. The Bitakomtara controlled the valley closely, barring passage to others until permission was arranged. Those who entered without permission were subject to harsh penalties. The tribe gathered at ceremonial times on Santa Rosa Creek near present-day Spring Lake Regional Park. Upon the arrival of Europeans, the Pomos were decimated by smallpox brought unintentionally from Europe, by the eradication efforts of Anglo settlers. By 1900 the Pomo population had decreased by 95%. By the 1850s, a Wells Fargo post and general store were established in what is now downtown Santa Rosa. Growth and development after that were steady but never rapid. The 1906 San Francisco earthquake essentially destroyed the entire downtown, but the city's population did not greatly suffer. However, after that period the population growth of Santa Rosa, as with most of the area, was very slow. Famed director Alfred Hitchcock filmed his thriller Shadow of a Doubt in Santa Rosa in 1943; the film gives glimpses of Santa Rosa in the 1940s. Many of the downtown buildings seen in the film no longer exist due to major reconstruction following the strong earthquakes in October 1969. However, some, like the rough-stone Northwestern Pacific Railroad depot and the prominent Empire Building, still survive.Santa Rosa, California – Old Courthouse Square, Downtown Santa Rosa
39. Ontario, California – Ontario is a city located in southwestern San Bernardino County, California, United States, 35 miles east of downtown Los Angeles. The city is home to the Ontario International Airport, the 15th busiest airport in the United States by cargo carried. Ontario handles the mass of freight traffic between the ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach and the rest of the country. It is also the home of Ontario Mills and former home of the Ontario Motor Speedway. They named the settlement after their home province of Ontario. At the time of American settlement, American settlements were scattered across the entire valley. Remains of a Serrano village were discovered in the neighboring foothills of the present-day city of Claremont. The 1834 secularization of California land holdings resulted in the land's transferral to private hands. In 1881, the Chaffey brothers, George and William, purchased the land and the water rights to it. They also created the main thoroughfare of Euclid Avenue, with its distinctive wide lanes and grassy median. The new "Model Colony" was originally conceived as a dry town, early deeds containing clauses forbidding the manufacture or sale of alcoholic beverages within the town. The two named the town "Ontario" in honor of the province of Ontario in Canada, where they were born. Ontario attracted farmers and ailing Easterners seeking a drier climate. To impress potential settlers in Ontario, a fountain was placed at the Southern Pacific station. It was turned on when passenger trains were approaching and frugally turned off again after their departure.Ontario, California – The Ontario Convention Center in September 2006.
40. Elk Grove, California – Elk Grove is a city in Sacramento County, California, located just south of the state capital of Sacramento. It is part of the Sacramento–Arden-Arcade–Roseville Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of 2015, the population of the city was estimated at 167,965. The second-largest city in Elk Grove was the fastest growing city in the U.S. between July 1, 2005. A writer on Moraga's expedition wrote of the region: "Canopies of oaks and cottonwoods, many festooned with grapevines, overhung both sides of the blue current. Birds chattered in the trees and big fish darted through the pellucid depths. The air drank in the beauty around them." In 1868 the Western Division of the Central Pacific Railroad came through about a mile east of Elk Grove. At this new location another hotel was built to accommodate travelers and was also named the Elk Grove Hotel. In the following decades, Elk Grove remained a small community with urban development. However, in the late 1980s, suburban development projects began to spring up around the community, specifically in the north near Sacramento. On July 1, 2000, Elk Grove incorporated as a city. In 2008 Elk Grove suffered heavily from the subprime mortgage crisis due to its suburban nature. The Elk Grove Unified School District is the fifth largest school district in California and one of the fastest growing school districts in the nation. Located in southern Sacramento County, the district covers 320 square miles, one-third of the county.Elk Grove, California – Sunset on Laguna Blvd, Elk Grove
41. Corona, California – Corona is a city in Riverside County, California, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 152,374, up from 124,966 at the 2000 census. Unincorporated areas of Riverside County line all of its other borders. The town of Corona was once the "Lemon Capital of the World." A museum there presents the lemon's former role in the local economy. The city derived its name with a standard grid enclosed 2.75 miles in circumference. The layout was designed by a civil engineer from Anaheim, an influential figure in the early development of Orange County. Corona was established as a town by the South Riverside Land and Water Company. The company was incorporated in 1886; founding members included ex-Governor of Iowa, Samuel Merrill, R.B. Taylor, George L. Joy, A.S. Garretson, Adolph Rimpau. They also secured the water rights to Lee Lake. Dams and pipelines were built to carry the water to the colony. In 1889, the Temescal Water Company was incorporated, to supply water for the new colony. This company began artesian wells. Originally located in San Bernardino County, the city received its office in that name on August 11, 1887.Corona, California – A view of Corona
42. Lancaster, California – Lancaster /ˈlæn.kæstər/ is a charter city in northern Los Angeles County, in the Antelope Valley of the western Mojave Desert in Southern California. As of 2013, Lancaster was the 31st largest city in California. Lancaster is located approximately 70 miles north of downtown Los Angeles, near the Kern County line. The population of Lancaster grew in 2010. According to the Greater Antelope Valley Economic Alliance report of 2015, Lancaster has a population of 168,049. The area where Lancaster is now located, known as the Antelope Valley, was originally home to the Paiute Indians. In 1876 the Southern Pacific completed the line through the Antelope Valley, linking San Francisco and Los Angeles. Train service brought passengers through the water-stop-turned-community, which, with the help of promotional literature, attracted new settlers. The Lancaster News started publication, making the weekly newspaper in the Antelope Valley. By 1890, Lancaster was booming, thanks to farmers sold thousands of acres of wheat and barley. Thanks starting in 1908, Lancaster became a town by aqueduct workers. The development of Air Force Plant 42 in 1958, augmented in the 1960s by construction of Lockheed Aircraft's Plant 10, created tens of thousands of jobs. 250 L-1011 aircraft were assembled and flown from this plant and airfield. Lancaster was an unincorporated community in Los Angeles County until 1977, when it was incorporated as a city, with Arnold Rodio serving as its first mayor. Lancaster State Prison opened in 1993 and before that Los Angeles County hosted no prisons but accounted for forty percent of California's state-prison inmates.Lancaster, California – Sunset over Lancaster, California
43. Palmdale, California – Palmdale is a city in the center of northern Los Angeles County in the U.S. state of California. The San Gabriel Mountains separate Palmdale from the City of Los Angeles. On August 24, 1962, Palmdale became the first community in the Antelope Valley to incorporate. 47 years later, in November 2009, voters approved making it a charter city. Its population was 152,750 at the 2010 census, up from 116,670 at the 2000 census. Palmdale is the 33rd most populous city in California. In 2013, the Palmdale / Lancaster urban area had an estimated population of 513,547. According to area folklore, the travelers had been told they would know they were close to the ocean when they saw palm trees. Never actually having seen palm trees before, they mistook the local Joshua trees for palms and so named their settlement after them. According to David L. Durham Joshua trees were sometimes called yucca palms at the time, the reason for the name. The village was officially established upon the arrival of a post office on June 17, 1888. By the 1890s farming families continued to migrate to Palmenthal and nearby Harold to grow grain and fruit. However, most of these settlers were unfamiliar with farming in a desert climate, so when the drought years occurred, most abandoned their settlement. By 1899, only one family was left in the original village. The rest of the settlers, including the post office, moved closer to the Southern Pacific railroad tracks.Palmdale, California – Palmdale, looking southeast toward the Antelope Valley Freeway and the San Gabriel Mountains
44. Hayward, California – Hayward is a city located in Alameda County, California in the East Bay subregion of the San Francisco Bay Area. With a 2014 population of 149,392, Hayward is the sixth largest city in the Bay Area and the third largest in Alameda County. Hayward was ranked as the 37th most populous municipality in California. It is included in the San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont Metropolitan Statistical Area by the US Census. It is located primarily between Castro Valley and Union City, lies at the eastern terminus of the San Mateo-Hayward Bridge. The city was devastated early in its history by the 1868 Hayward earthquake. From the early 20th century until the beginning of the 1980s, Hayward's economy was dominated by its now defunct food canning and salt production industries. Human habitation of the greater East Bay, including Hayward, dates from at least 4000 B.C. The most recent pre-European inhabitants of the Hayward area were the Native American Ohlone people. In the 19th century, the land, now Hayward became part of Rancho San Lorenzo, a Spanish land grant to Guillermo Castro in 1841. Most of the city's structures were destroyed in the earthquake, the last major earthquake on the fault. In 1930, that site was chosen for the construction of the City Hall, which served the city until 1969. William Dutton Hayward arrived during the gold rush and "squatted", started building a house, next to the creek at the site of the old Polamares School. Guillermo Castro's Vaqueros came by one day and told Hayward to get off of Castro's property. William did leave, but went to Guillermo Castro directly and asked to buy a piece of his land.Hayward, California – Historic Hunt's Cannery water tower
45. Salinas, California – Salinas /səˈliːnəs/ is the county seat and largest municipality of Monterey County, California. The population was 155,662 as of 2013. The city is located at the mouth of the Salinas Valley roughly eight miles from the Pacific Ocean and has a coastal climate. The marine climate is ideal for vegetable growers. The land currently occupied by the city of Salinas is thought to have been settled by Native Americans known as the Esselen prior to 200 AD. Between 200 and 500 AD, they were displaced by the Rumsen group of Ohlone speaking people, who were the inhabitants at contact with the Spanish. Thereafter, in 1856, a traveler's inn called the Halfway House was opened in Salinas.. . The streets of Salinas were laid out in 1867, the town was incorporated in 1874. Dry farming of other grains as well as potatoes and mustard seed was common in the 1800s. Irrigation changed farming in Salinas to mainly row crops of sugar beets. Many major vegetable producers placed their headquarters in Salinas. The camp opened on April 27, 1942 and held a total of 3,608 people before closing two months later on July 4. Following World War II major urban and suburban development converted much farmland to city. The city again in early 2000s.Salinas, California – Main Street in downtown Salinas, 2006
46. Pomona, California – Pomona is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. Pomona is located in the Pomona Valley, between the Inland Empire and the San Gabriel Valley. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city's population was 149,058. The area was originally occupied by the Tongva or Gabrielino Native Americans. The city is named for Pomona, the ancient Roman goddess of fruit. The first Anglo-Americans arrived in prior to 1848 when the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo resulted in California becoming part of the United States. By the 1880s, the arrival of railroads and Coachella Valley water had made it the western anchor of the citrus-growing region. Pomona was officially incorporated on January 6, 1888. In the 1920s Pomona was known as the "Queen of the Citrus Belt", with one of the highest per-capita levels of income in the United States. Religious institutions are deeply embedded in the history of Pomona. There are now more than 120 churches, representing most religions in today's society. The historical architecture of these churches provide glimpses of the European church design and architecture from other eras. In 2005, Pomona citizens elected Norma Torres, the first woman of Guatemalan heritage to be elected to a mayoral post outside of Guatemala. Pomona is an urban area of Los Angeles County in the Pomona Valley, located at 117 ° 21 ″ W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 22.964 square miles, over 99% of it land.Pomona, California – The Los Angeles County Fair at Pomona in September 2008
47. Sunnyvale, California – Sunnyvale is a city located in Santa Clara County, California. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 140,095. Sunnyvale is the seventh most populous city in the San Francisco Bay Area and one of the major cities comprising Silicon Valley. It lies along the historic El Camino Real and Highway 101. The facility, previously known as Sunnyvale Air Force Station, was named for the deceased Space Shuttle Challenger astronaut Ellison Onizuka. It served as an artificial satellite control facility of the United States armed forces until August 2010 and has since been decommissioned and demolished. Library services for the city are provided by the Sunnyvale Public Library, located at the Sunnyvale Civic Center. When the Spanish first arrived in the 1770s at the Santa Clara Valley, it was heavily populated by the Ohlone Native Americans. In 1777, Mission Santa Clara was built by Ohlone who converted to Christianity. In 1842, Rancho Pastoria de las Borregas was granted to Francisco Estrada and his wife Inez Castro. Portions of the land given in this grant later developed into the cities of Mountain View and Sunnyvale. Two years later, in 1844, another grant was provided to one of the Native Americans to hold land grants. His land grant was first called Rancho Posolmi, named in honor of a village of the Ohlone that once stood in the area. Rancho Posolmi was later known as Rancho Ynigo. Martin Murphy Jr. came to California with his father as part of the Stephens-Townsend-Murphy Party in 1844.Sunnyvale, California – South Murphy Avenue
48. Escondido, California – Escondido is a city located in San Diego County's North County region, 30 miles northeast of Downtown San Diego, California. The city occupies a shallow valley ringed by rocky hills. Incorporated in 1888, it is one of the oldest cities in San Diego County. The city had a population of 143,911 in the 2010 census. Its municipal government set 2010 -- 2011. The city is known as Eskondiid in Diegueño. "Escondido" is a Spanish word meaning "hidden". One source says the name originally referred to agua escondida or hidden water; another says it meant "hidden treasure". The Escondido area was first settled by the Luiseño, who established campsites and villages along the creek running through the area. They named the place "Mehel-om-pom-pavo." Most of the campsites today have been destroyed by agriculture. Spain controlled the land from the late 18th century to the early 19th century, established many missions in California to convert the indigenous people. When Mexico gained its independence from Spain, the local land was divided into large ranchos. Alvarado was a Regidor of Los Angeles at the time, the first Regidor of the pueblo of San Diego. The southern part of Escondido occupies the former Rancho San Bernardo, granted in 1842 and 1845.Escondido, California – Downtown Escondido's Grand Avenue in May 2006.
49. Torrance, California – Torrance is a city in the South Bay region of Los Angeles County, California, United States. Torrance has 1.5 miles of beaches on the Pacific Ocean. Torrance has a moderate year-round climate with warm temperatures, sea breezes, low humidity and an average rainfall of 12.55 inches per year. Since its incorporation in 1921, Torrance has grown rapidly. Its estimated 2013 population was 147,478. This residential and light high-tech industries city has 90,000 street trees and 30 city parks. Known for its low crime rates, the city consistently ranks among the safest cities in Los Angeles County. Torrance is the birthplace of the American Youth Soccer Organization. In addition, the city of Torrance has the second-highest percentage of Japanese demographic in California. Torrance was originally part of the Tongva Native American homeland for thousands of years. In the early 1900s, real estate developer Jared Sidney Torrance and other investors saw the value of creating a mixed industrial-residential community south of Los Angeles. They hired architect Frederick Law Olmsted, Jr. to design a planned community. The resulting town was founded in October 1912 and named after Mr. Torrance. The first residential avenue created in Torrance was Gramercy and the second avenue was Andreo. Many of the houses on these avenues turned 100 years of age in 2012.Torrance, California – View of Torrance Beach with neighboring Palos Verdes in the background
50. Terry Tornek – Terry E. Tornek is an American politician, the mayor of Pasadena, California. He previously served on the Pasadena City Council. On April 2015 he defeated City Councilmember Jacque Robinson in the general election to replace Bill Bogaard, the longest serving mayor in Pasadena's history. Tornek was born in New York City. He was an urban representative with the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development in New York City from 1968 to 1969. His political career started in the Springfield, Massachusetts council in the late 1970s. In 1982 his family moved to Pasadena. Also he worked as a developer and planning director. Re-elected in 2013. He is married to his wife Maria since 1967. They have three adult children, a son and seven grandchildren. "City of Pasadena - April 21, 2015 - General Municipal Election". City of Pasadena, California. 21 Apr 2015. Retrieved 22 Apr 2015.Terry Tornek – History
51. Pasadena, California – Pasadena /ˌpæsəˈdiːnə/ is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. As of 2013, the estimated population of Pasadena was 139,731, making it the 183rd-largest city in the United States. Pasadena is the ninth-largest city in Los Angeles County. Pasadena was incorporated on June 19, 1886, becoming only the second city to be incorporated in what is now Los Angeles County, after Los Angeles. It is one of the primary cultural centers of the San Gabriel Valley. The city is known for hosting the annual Rose Bowl football game and Tournament of Roses parade. The original inhabitants of Pasadena and surrounding areas were members of the Native American Hahamog-na tribe, a branch of the Tongva Nation. They spoke the Tongva language and had lived in the Los Angeles Basin for thousands of years. The native people lived in thatched, dome-shape lodges. They lived on a diet of other small animals. They traded for ocean fish with the coastal Tongva. They made cooking vessels from steatite soapstone from Catalina Island. The trail has been in continuous use for thousands of years. An arm of the trail is also still in use in what is now known as Salvia Canyon. Today, several bands of Tongva people live in the Los Angeles area.Pasadena, California – Pasadena City Hall
52. Orange, California – Orange is a city located in Orange County, California. It is approximately 3 miles north of the county seat, Santa Ana. Orange is unusual in this region because many of the homes in its Old Town District were built prior to 1920. While many other cities in the region demolished such houses in the 1960s, Orange decided to preserve them. The small affluent city of Villa Park is surrounded by the city of Orange. The population was 139,812 as of 2014. Members of the Tongva and Juaneño/Luiseño ethnic group long inhabited this area. On November 1776, Mission San Juan Capistrano became the area's first European settlement in Alta California, New Spain. In 1801, the Spanish Empire granted 62,500 acres to José Antonio Yorba, which he named Rancho San Antonio. Yorba's great rancho included the lands where the cities of Olive, Orange, Villa Park, Santa Ana, Tustin, Costa Mesa and Newport Beach stand today. Smaller ranchos evolved from this large rancho, including the Rancho Santiago de Santa Ana. Since at least 1864, Los Angeles attorneys Alfred Chapman and Andrew Glassell separately, held along both sides of the Santiago Creek. Water was the key factor for the location of their townsite. Glassell needed a spot he could irrigate, bringing water down from the Santa Ana Canyon and the quality of the soil may have influenced his choice. Originally the community was named Richland, but in 1873 Richland got a new name.Orange, California – Orange Plaza (2005)
53. Fullerton, California – Fullerton is a city located in northern Orange County, California, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 135,161. Fullerton was founded in 1887. It secured the land on behalf of Santa Fe Railway. Historically it was a center of agriculture, notably groves of Valencia oranges and other citrus crops;;; manufacturing. It is home to numerous higher educational institutions, particularly Fullerton College. Evidence such as saber-toothed mammoths, is present in Ralph B. Clark Regional Park in the northwest of the city. Europeans first passed through the area in 1769 when Gaspar de Portolà led a Spanish expedition north to Monterey. After establishment of Mission San Gabriel Arcangel in 1771, the local Tongva people were dubbed "Gabrieliños" by the Spanish. In 1837, the Fullerton area became part of Rancho San Juan Cajón de Santa Ana, granted to Juan Pacifico Ontiveros, a Spanish soldier. In the 1860s, Stearns sold to a Basque shepherd. Sensing opportunity, they arranged to buy 430 acres north of Anaheim for approximately $68,000. They then began negotiations with George H. Fullerton, president of the Pacific Land and Improvement Company, also a Santa Fe subsidiary. In 1894 Charles Chapman, a retired Chicago publisher and a descendant of John "Johnny Appleseed" Chapman, purchased an orange orchard in eastern Fullerton. The Western town became an agricultural center.Fullerton, California – Seal
54. Roseville, California – Roseville is the largest city in Placer County, California, United States, located in the Sacramento metropolitan area. As of January 2015, the Department of Finance estimated the city's population to be 128,382. Interstate 80 runs through Roseville and State Route 65 runs through part of the northern edge of the city. The settlement was originally a station called Griders. Junction eventually became known as Roseville. In 1909, three years after the Southern Pacific Railroad moved its facilities from Rocklin to Roseville, the town became an incorporated city. What followed was a period of expansion, with the community building more than 100 structures, including what was the largest ice manufacturing plant in the world. The city was a railroad town for decades, with the railroad employing up to 1,225 people by 1929, out of a population of only 6,425 people. With the onset of World War II, the post-war boom brought continued prosperity. However, the nature of the city changed dramatically in the 1950s. During the 1950s the railroad continued converting its steam engine fleet by the end of the decade. However, the railroads began falling in the shadow of air travel and the development of the national Interstate Highway System. Thus, although the railroad remained a major employer, the expansion of the city began branching out into other employment sectors. Another important change during this period was the Washington Boulevard railroad underpass construction in 1950. The completion in 1956 shifted the population to what would become known as East Roseville.Roseville, California – Roseville's Civic Center.
55. Visalia, California – The population was 130,104 at the 2015 census. Kings Canyon National Parks are located in the highest range in the contiguous United States. The area around Visalia was first settled by the Yokuts and Mono Native American tribes thousands of years ago. It is unknown when the first Europeans arrived, but the first to make a written record of the area was Pedro Fages in 1722. When California achieved statehood in 1850, Tulare County did not exist. The land, now Tulare County was part of the huge County of Mariposa. In 1852, some pioneers settled in the area, then called Four Creeks. The area got its name from the many watershed creeks and rivers flowing from the Sierra Nevada Mountains. All the water resulted in a widespread swampy area with a magnificent oak forest. The industrious group of settlers petitioned the state legislature for county status and on July 10 of that same year, Tulare County became a reality. One of the first inhabitants of a fort built by the settlers was Nathaniel Vise. Nathaniel was responsible for surveying the new settlement. In November 1852, he wrote, "The town contains from 60-80 inhabitants, 30 of whom are children of school age. The town is located upon one of the subdivisions of the Kaweah River and is destined to be the county seat of Tulare." In 1853, that prediction became a reality and Visalia has remained the county seat since that time.Visalia, California – Acequia Ave
56. Thousand Oaks, California – Thousand Oaks is a city in southeastern Ventura County, California, United States. It was named after the many oak trees that grow in the area, the city seal is adorned with an oak. The city forms the populated core of the Conejo Valley, which includes Newbury Park, Oak Park. The Los Angeles County–Ventura County line crosses at the city's eastern border with Westlake Village. The population was estimated to be 129,339 in 2015, up from 126,683 at the 2010 census. Thousand Oaks and Newbury Park were part of a master-planned city, created by the Janss Investment Company in the mid-1950s. It included about 1,000 custom home lots, several neighborhood shopping centers. The median home price is around $669,500. Thousand Oaks was ranked the fourth-safest among cities with a population greater than 100,000 in the United States by the FBI's 2013 Uniform Crime Reports. The Chumash village was known as Sap'wi, which means "House of the Deer". The area's recorded history dates to 1542 when Spanish explorer Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo landed at Point Mugu and claimed the land for Spain. It eventually became part of the 48,671 acres Rancho El Conejo land grant by the Spanish government, thus becoming the basis of the name Conejo Valley. It served as grazing land for vaqueros for the next fifty years. In the late 19th century it was on the stagecoach route between Los Angeles and Santa Barbara. The Stagecoach Inn was built in 1876, is now a California Historical Landmark and a popular museum.Thousand Oaks, California – City of Thousand Oaks sign and oak tree
57. Concord, California – Concord is the largest city in Contra Costa County, California. At the 2010 census, the city had a population of 122,067 making it the 8th largest city in the San Francisco Bay Area. Founded by Salvio Pacheco, the name was changed within months. The city is a major regional suburban East Bay center within the San Francisco Bay Area, is 29 miles east of San Francisco. Concord is located at 20 ″ W. It is 29 miles northeast of San Francisco, 22 miles northeast from Oakland, 65 miles southwest of Sacramento, 51 miles north of San Jose. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 30.5 square miles, all of it land. Despite this, some crime and homelessness remain issues in the downtown area. To the north and east of downtown is the older residential area of Concord, with many homes dating back to before World War II. In the far northern edge of town is a primarily industrial area, dominated by the Tesoro Golden Eagle Refinery. The southeastern area of the city, centered along Clayton Road, is primarily residential and was mostly developed in the 1960s and 1970s. Though it shares no border with Concord, Martinez is located almost immediately adjacent to Concord on the northwest. The North Concord BART station is also known as Martinez BART. Concord has a hot summer Mediterranean climate. Average July temperatures are a maximum of 87.8 °F and a minimum of 58.2 °F.Concord, California – Todos Santos Plaza
58. Simi Valley, California – The city of Simi Valley, in the eponymous valley, is situated in the southeast corner of Ventura County, California, United States. 30 miles from Downtown Los Angeles, Simi Valley is part of the Greater Los Angeles Area. The city is adjacent to Thousand Oaks, Moorpark, the Los Angeles neighborhood of Chatsworth. The city's 2014 population has been estimated at 126,871, up from 111,351 in 2000. The Ronald Reagan Presidential Library, where the former president was buried following his death in 2004, is in Simi Valley. The Reagan Library has hosted the first primary debates in 2016. A study done by the University of Vermont ranked Simi Valley as the fifth-happiest city in the United States. According to crime statistics by the FBI in 2013, Simi Valley is the seventh-safest city in the U.S. with a population of 100,000 or more. Around 5,000 years ago these tribes began harvesting marshland plants. Roughly 2,000 years later, as hunting and fishing techniques improved, the population increased significantly. The native people who inhabited Simi Valley spoke an interior dialect of the Chumash language, called Ventureño. Simi Valley's name derived from the Chumash word Shimiyi, which refers to the stringy, thread-like clouds that typify the region. The origin of the name was preserved because of the work of the anthropologist John P. Harrington, whose brother, Robert E. Harrington lived in Simi Valley. The word Simiji was constructed by whites to the word Simi. Three Chumash settlements existed during the Mission period in the late 18th and early 19th century: Kimishax or Quimisac.Simi Valley, California – Aerial view of Simi Valley in 2014
59. Santa Clara, California – Santa Clara is a city in Santa Clara County, California, named after the Spanish mission, established there in 1777. The city's population was 116,468 at the 2010 United States Census, making it the ninth-most populous city in the San Francisco Bay Area. Located 45 miles southeast of San Francisco, the city was founded in 1777 and incorporated in 1852. The city is the site of the eighth of 21 California missions, Mission Santa Clara de Asís, was named after the mission. The Mission and Mission Gardens are located on the grounds of Santa Clara University. Saint Clare is the patron saint of Santa Clara. Santa Clara is located in the center of Silicon Valley and is home to the headquarters of several high-tech companies such as Intel. It is also home to Santa Clara University, the oldest institution of higher learning in the state of California. It is bordered by San Jose, Sunnyvale, Cupertino. The first European to visit the valley was José Francisco Ortega in 1769. He found the area inhabited by Native Americans, whom the Spanish called the Costanos, "coast people", later known as the Ohlone. The Spanish began to colonize California with 21 missions and the Mission Santa Clara de Asis was founded in 1777. In 1851, Santa Clara College was established on the grounds of the original Mission. In 1852, Santa Clara was incorporated as a town; it became state-chartered by 1862. For the next century the economy centered on agriculture since orchards and vegetables were thriving in the fertile soil.Santa Clara, California – The Santa Clara Convention Center in July 2007
60. Victorville, California – Victorville is a city located in the Victor Valley of southwestern San Bernardino County, California. Its estimated population as of July 1, 2013 was 121,096. In 1858, Aaron G. Lane came to what is now known as Victorville and founded a way station called "Lane's Crossing." For many years it provided shelter and supplies for people making the journey across the desert from the east to San Bernardino. Lane's Crossing was on the Mojave River on today's Turner Road, two miles north from where Interstate 15 crosses the river. Captain Lane was a veteran of the Mexican-American War who had suffered from malaria during that war. Originally he migrated west to join the California gold rush, but he learned that he could make a better living selling supplies to the miners. He settled in Ione near Sutter's Mill in northern California during those years, but he migrated to San Bernardino in 1857. He settled on the Mojave River in 1858, where he established his way station. He later sold out to Texan John Fry Miller, who changed the name of Lane's Crossing to Pioneer Station. Miller was a rancher and became involved in Mojave Valley politics, setting up the first polling place in the area at his home. That first year, ten citizens cast their votes at Lane's residence, rather than making the long trip to San Bernardino. Census records show that ten people lived in two residences on the river by 1860. Joseph and Mary Highmoor lived in Dwelling No. 704, with a seven-year-old female named Anna.Victorville, California – Seal
61. Vallejo, California – Vallejo is a city in Solano County, California, located in the North Bay region of the San Francisco Bay Area. The population was 115,942 at the 2010 census. It is the tenth most populous city in the San Francisco Bay Area, the largest in Solano County. Vallejo sits on the northeastern shore of San Pablo Bay. The universities in Vallejo are Touro University California. Ferry service runs from a terminal on Mare Island Strait to San Francisco, through the BayLink division of SolTrans. Vallejo has twice served as the capital of the state of California: once in 1852 and again in 1853, both periods being brief. This was the mutual response in the state of California. It was also known as White Sulfur Springs and, the name of the road leading to it from town, today shortened to "Springs Road". According to United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 49.5 square miles. Land area is 30.7 square miles, 18.9 square miles is water. The Napa River flows until it changes into the Mare Island Strait in Vallejo which then flows into the San Pablo Bay. Vallejo is located on the southwestern edge of Solano County, California in the North Bay region of the San Francisco Bay Area in Northern California. Vallejo is accessible by Interstate 80 between San Francisco and Sacramento, is the location for the northern half of the Carquinez Bridge. It is also accessible by Interstate 780 from neighboring Benicia to the east, by Route 37 from Sonoma to the west.Vallejo, California – former Vallejo City Hall and County Building
62. Berkeley, California – Berkeley is a city on the east shore of San Francisco Bay in northern Alameda County, California. It is named after the 18th-century Anglo-Irish bishop and philosopher George Berkeley. It borders the cities of Oakland and Emeryville to the south and the city of Albany and unincorporated community of Kensington to the north. Its eastern border with Contra Costa County generally follows the ridge of the Berkeley Hills. The 2010 census recorded a population of 112,580. It also has the Graduate Theological Union, one of the largest religious studies institutions in the world. It is one of the most politically liberal cities in the United States. The site of today's City of Berkeley was the territory of the Chochenyo/Huchiun band of the Ohlone people when the first Europeans arrived. Other artifacts were discovered in the 1950s in the downtown area during remodeling of a commercial building, near the upper course of the creek. The first people of European descent arrived with the De Anza Expedition in 1776. Today, this is noted by signage on Interstate 80, which runs along the San Francisco Bay shoreline of Berkeley. Luis Peralta was among the soldiers at the Presidio. Luis Peralta named his holding "Rancho San Antonio." The primary activity of the ranch was raising cattle for meat and hides, but hunting and farming were also pursued. Eventually, Peralta gave portions of the ranch to each of his four sons.Berkeley, California – Downtown Berkeley viewed from the Berkeley Hills.
63. El Monte, California – El Monte /ɛl ˈmɒntiː/ is a residential, industrial, commercial city in Los Angeles County of Southern California, the United States. The city lies in the San Gabriel Valley east of the city of Los Angeles. El Monte's slogan is "Welcome to Friendly El Monte" and historically is known as "The End of the Santa Fe Trail." As of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 113,475, down from 115,965 at the 2000 census. As of 2010, El Monte was the 51st largest city in California. El Monte is situated between the San Gabriel and Rio Hondo Rivers; residents claimed that anything could be grown in the area. Between 1830, Spanish missionaries often stopped here for respite. They called the area'El Monte,' which in Spanish means'the mountain'. Most people assume the name refers to a mountain, but there were no mountains in the valley. The word is an archaic Spanish translation of that era: meaning "the wood". The first explorers had found this rich, low-altitude land, cattails, located between the two rivers. They also found wild grapevines and watercress. El Monte is approximately 7 miles long and 4 miles wide. When the State Legislature organized California into more manageable designated townships in the 1850s, they called it the El Monte Township. In a short time the name returned to the original El Monte.El Monte, California – Oldest home in El Monte, built 1849 (photo 1922).
64. Downey, California – Downey is a city located in southeast Los Angeles County, California, United States, 21 km southeast of downtown Los Angeles. It is considered part of the Gateway Cities. The city is the birthplace of the Apollo space program, is the hometown of Richard and Karen Carpenter. It is also the home of the oldest still operational McDonald's restaurant in the world. As of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 111,772. The nearest Tongva settlements appear to have been northeast of present-day Downey, although there is difficulty in locating them very precisely. After five years, flooding forced the relocation of the mission to its present site in San Gabriel. In 1784, Governor Pedro Fages granted to former soldier Manuel Nieto the largest of the land concessions made during the Spanish control of California. Its acreage was slightly reduced later at the insistence of Mission San Gabriel on whose lands it infringed. This migration was distinct from that prompted by the California Gold Rush farther north. Dairy was a major industry in Downey. Some of Downey's settlers came from Ireland. Downey was named for youngest ever governor of California, John Gately Downey, born in Ireland. Although he was an Irish Democrat, he supported the Republican Lincoln in his efforts to keep the Union intact during the American Civil War. He pioneered the modern subdivision with land he acquired between the Rio Hondo and the San Gabriel River, in about 1865.Downey, California – Downey City Hall
65. Carlsbad, California – Carlsbad is an affluent seaside resort city occupying a 7-mile stretch of Pacific coastline in northern San Diego County, California. Referred by locals, the city is a destination. The city's estimated 2014 population was 112,299. Carlsbad's history began with the Luiseño people. Nearly every reliable fresh water creek had at least one native village, including one called Palamai. The site is located just south of today's Agua Hedionda Lagoon. The first European land exploration of Alta California, the Spanish Portolà expedition of 1769, met native villagers while camped on Buena Vista Creek. During the Mexican period, in 1842, the southern portion of Carlsbad, was granted as Rancho Agua Hedionda to Juan María Marrón. In the 1880s a former sailor named John Frazier dug a well in the area. He began offering his water at the train station and soon the whistle-stop became known as Frazier's Station. The naming of the town followed soon after, along with a major marketing campaign to attract visitors. The area experienced a period of growth, with homes and businesses sprouting up in the 1880s. Agricultural development of citrus fruits, avocados and olives soon changed the landscape. By the end of 1887, land prices fell throughout San Diego County. However, the community survived on the back of its fertile agricultural lands.Carlsbad, California – Nighttime view of Carlsbad in 2006
66. Costa Mesa, California – Costa Mesa is a city in Orange County, California. The population was 109,960 at the 2010 United States Census. Members of the Gabrieleño/Tongva and Juaneño/Luiseño nations long inhabited the area. After the 1769 expedition of Gaspar de Portolà, a Spanish expedition led by Junípero Serra named the area Vallejo de Santa Ana. On November 1776, Mission San Juan Capistrano became the area's European settlement in Alta California, New Spain. In 1801, the Spanish Empire granted 62,500 acres to Jose Antonio Yorba, which he named Rancho San Antonio. Yorba's great rancho included the lands where the communities of Olive, Orange, Villa Park, Santa Ana, Tustin, Costa Mesa and Newport Beach stand today. An 1889 flood wiped out the railroad serving the community, however, it shriveled. To the south, meanwhile, the community of Harper had arisen on a siding of the Santa Ana and Newport Railroad, named after a local rancher. This town prospered on its agricultural goods. On May 11, 1920, Harper changed its name to Costa Mesa, which literally means "coast table" in Spanish. This is a reference to the city's geography as being a plateau by the coast. Within three decades of incorporation, the city's population had nearly quintupled. Costa Mesa's local economy relies heavily on retail and services. The single largest center of commercial activity is a center noted for its size.Costa Mesa, California – An aerial view of Costa Mesa in March 2011.
67. Fairfield, California – Fairfield is a city in, the county seat of, Solano County, California, United States. It is located in the North-eastern part of the Bay Area. Fairfield was founded in 1856 by clippership captain Robert H. Waterman, named after his former hometown of Fairfield, Connecticut. It is the home of Travis Air Force Base and the headquarters of Jelly Belly. With a population of 108,321 at the 2010 census, it is slightly smaller in population than Vallejo. Nearby cities include Suisun City, Vacaville, Rio Vista, Napa. The total area is 5.65% water. The city is located within the California Coastal Ranges. The city is centered north of northeast of the San Pablo Bay. Much of the Suisun Bay contains the largest marsh on the west coast of the United States. According to the City of Fairfield website, Native Americans, such as those from the Ion culture, settled in the Rockville and Green Valley areas. The first European contact came in 1810 when the Spanish army was ordered to attack the Suisun Indians. In 1837 the Indian Chief Solano received the Rancho Suisun Mexican land grant. This grant eventually came into the hands of a clipper ship captain from Fairfield, Connecticut named Robert H. Waterman. As an inducement he granted 16 acres of land for the construction of county buildings.Fairfield, California – The "Welcome to Fairfield" roadside sign along Interstate 80
68. Temecula, California – It was incorporated on December 1, 1989. Temecula is bordered by the City of Murrieta to the north and the Pechanga Indian Reservation and San Diego County to the south. The City of Temecula forms the southwestern anchor of the Inland Empire region. The area was inhabited by the Temecula Native Americans for hundreds of years before their contact with the Spanish missionaries. The Pechanga Band of Luiseño believe their ancestors have lived in the Temecula area for more than 10,000 years. In Pechanga mythology, life on earth began in the Temecula Valley. They call it, "Exva Temeeku", the place of the union of Sky-father, Earth-mother. The Temecula Indians lived at "Temeekunga" – "the place of the sun". Other popular interpretations of the name, Temecula, include "The Sun That Shines Through The Mist" or "Where the sun breaks through the mist". The first recorded Spanish visit occurred with Captain Pedro Lisalde. Father Santiago kept a journal in which he noted seeing "Temecula...an Indian village". The trip included the Lake Elsinore area and the Temecula Valley. Today, over 1,000 Native Americans live in the Temecula Valley. The industry was founded by the Californios; Spanish settlers planted vineyards well-suited for the climate. The vineyards were then adapted in the late 19th and 20th centuries.Temecula, California – Temecula City Hall
69. James T. Butts Jr. – James Thurman Butts Jr. is the mayor of Inglewood, California. He rose through the ranks of law enforcement in Inglewood during the 1970s and 1980s, eventually becoming a captain. He then worked as Chief of Police in Santa Monica, California from 1991 to 2006. Butts then took a public safety position with Los Angeles World Airports in 2006. He was elected mayor of Inglewood in 2010 and re-elected in 2014 with an 84% vote. He led efforts to renovate and reopen the sports stadium The Forum in Inglewood and develop a plan for a new NFL stadium in Inglewood. Butts holds an MBA degree from California State Polytechnic University, Pomona and a Bachelor of Science from California State University, Los Angeles. According to James Butts, he lost an opportunity for a basketball scholarship to go to Cal State-Los Angeles in his youth, due to an injury. To pay for college, he worked part-time at the Inglewood Police Department as the division's second African American cadet. It later turned into a full-time job. Butts earned an MBA degree from California State Polytechnic University, Pomona and a Bachelor of Science from California State University, Los Angeles. James Butts joined the police force of Inglewood, California in 1972. Butts held several positions as commander of homicide detective. Butts was promoted to Sergeant in 1981, to Lieutenant in 1984, then to Commanding Officer of the narcotics division in 1986. He led a team of 30 undercover agents that helped reduce drug trafficking in the Dixon-Darby and Lockhaven neighborhoods.James T. Butts Jr. – Butts in 2009
70. Inglewood, California – Inglewood is a city in southwestern Los Angeles County, California, southwest of downtown Los Angeles. As of the 2010 U.S. Census, the city had a population of 109,673. It was incorporated on February 14, 1908. The city is in the South Bay region of the Greater Los Angeles Area. City of Champions Stadium is currently under construction in the city and when completed around 2019 will be the new home of the Los Angeles Rams. The earliest residents of what is now Inglewood were Native Americans who used the natural springs in today's Edward Vincent Jr. Park. Later Avila constructed a three-room adobe on a slight rise overlooking the creek that ran from Centinela Springs all the way to the ocean. According to the LAOkay site, this adobe was built where the present field is in the park. It no longer exists. Two years later, Waddingham writes, Ygnacio was granted the 2,220-acre Rancho Aguaje de la Centinela even though this land had already been claimed by Avila. Inglewood Park Cemetery, a widely used cemetery for the entire region, was founded in 1905. The city has been home to the Hollywood Park Racetrack from 1938 to 2013, one of the premier horse racing venues in the United States. The first Soft Serve ice chain in California, was founded by George Foster in 1946 in Inglewood. Inglewood was named an All-America City by the National Civic League in 1989 and yet again recently in 2009 for its visible progress. On January 12, 2016, Inglewood was selected to be the home of the Los Angeles Rams of the National Football League.Inglewood, California – Rancho Aguaje de la Centinela Adobe, 1889
71. Antioch, California – Antioch is a city in Contra Costa County, California, United States. The city's population was 102,372 at the 2010 census and estimated to be 110,542 in 2015. Antioch is one of the oldest towns in California. It was the point for the 17,000-acre rancho. In 1850, Joseph Smith, founded a town slightly west of Marsh's Landing, named it Smith's Landing. In 1851, the town's new minister persuaded the residents to change the name of the town to Antioch, for the biblical city of Antioch. The Empire Coal Company was formed by John C. Rouse and George Hawxhurst in 1876, which built a railroad that passed from Antioch toward the mines over what is now "F Street". On, both the mine and the railroad passed into the hands of the Belshaw brothers. In 1863, a great excitement arose over the discovery of copper ore near Antioch. A value of fifteen to twenty-five dollars per ton was paid according to its quality. Unfortunately the copper bubble eventually burst, to the dismay of the citizens with connections. Petroleum was first drilled for near Antioch in 1865, but not enough oil was found to make a decent profit. The city of Antioch was incorporated in 1872. The Antioch Ledger was first issued on March 10, 1870, in all its forty-seven years never missed an issue.Antioch, California – View of Antioch from Black Diamond Mines Regional Preserve.
72. Murrieta, California – Murrieta is a city in southwestern Riverside County, California, United States. The population of Murrieta was 103,466 at the 2010 census. Temecula and Murrieta together form the southwestern anchor of the Inland Empire region. The Murrieta-Temecula-Menifee Urban Area had a population of 441,546 at the 2010 Census. Murrieta is bordered to the north. Murrieta is located in the center of the Los Angeles-San Diego Mega-region which contains a population of 22 million people. For most of its history Murrieta was not heavily populated. Others discovered the valley after the construction of a depot in 1882 that connected Murrieta to the Southern California Railroad's transcontinental route. By 1890 some 800 people lived in Murrieta. When the trains stopped in 1935, tourists – the lifeblood of the town – were much harder to come by. The boom that Murrieta had experienced due to the hot springs gradually died, leaving Murrieta as a small town. Although US Route 395 did pass through Murrieta, it wasn't until Interstate 15 was built in the early 1980s that another boom began to take hold. In 1990, residents began a campaign for status which resulted on July 1, 1991. By then the population had increased from 2,200 in 1980 to 24,000. Murrieta is located at 117 ° 12 9 ″ W.Murrieta, California – Murrieta skyline
73. Ventura, California – Ventura, officially the City of San Buenaventura, is the county seat of Ventura County, California, United States. European explorers encountered a Chumash village, referred to as Shisholop, in Ventura while traveling along the Pacific coast. The eponymous Mission San Buenaventura was founded nearby in 1782 where it benefitted from the water of the Ventura River. The town grew around the mission compound and incorporated in 1866. These buildings are at the center of a downtown that has become a cultural, residential district and visitor destination. Ventura lies along U.S. Route 101 between Los Angeles and Santa Barbara, one of the original U.S. Routes. The population was 106,433 at the 2010 census, up from 100,916 at the 2000 census. Ventura is part of the Los Angeles metropolitan area. Archaeological discoveries in the area suggest that humans have populated the region for at least 10,000-12,000 years. Archaeological research demonstrates that the Chumash people have deep roots in central and southern coastal regions of California, has revealed artifacts from their culture. Shisholop Village, designated Historic Point of Interest #18 by the city at the foot of nearby Figueroa Street, was the site of a Chumash village. The mission was named for a Doctor of the Church. San Miguel Chapel was the first outpost and center of operations while the first Mission San Buenaventura was being constructed. A building of brick and stone was completed in 1809. The facade of the new mission was destroyed by an 1812 earthquake.Ventura, California – Ventura, California, viewed from the west
74. Richmond, California – Richmond is a city in western Contra Costa County, California, United States. The city was incorporated on August 7, 1905. Under the McLaughlin Administration, Richmond was the largest city in the United States served by a Green Party mayor. As of the 2010 U.S. Census, the city's population is at 103,710, making it the second largest city in the United States named Richmond. The largest, Richmond, Virginia, is the namesake of the California city. The Ohlone Indians were the first inhabitants of the Richmond area, settling an estimated 5,000 years ago. The name "Richmond" appears to predate actual incorporation by more than fifty years. The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad had its terminus at Richmond. The first post office opened in 1900. Richmond was founded and incorporated in 1905, carved out of Rancho San Pablo, from which the nearby town of San Pablo inherited its name. In the 1920s the Ku Klux Klan was active in the city. In 1930 the Ford Motor Company opened an assembly plant called Richmond Assembly Plant which moved to Milpitas in the 1960s. Standard Oil set up operations here in 1901, including a what is now the Chevron Richmond Refinery and tank farm, which are still operated by Chevron. There is a pier into San Francisco Bay south of Point Molate for oil tankers. Many of these workers lived in specially constructed houses scattered throughout the San Francisco Bay Area, including Richmond, Berkeley and Albany.Richmond, California – Point Richmond seen from nearby Nicholl Knob
75. West Covina, California – The population for the city was 106,098 at the 2010 census. The city is the sixty-second most populous city in California. West Covina was incorporated as an independent city in 1923 to prevent the city of Covina from building a sewage farm in the area. Walnut groves and orange groves continued to flourish during the subsequent decades. The population in 1930 was 769 and blossomed to 1,549 in 1940. The decades between 1960 and 2000 demonstrated steady growth, which slowed significantly by the time of the 2010 census. The City of West Covina began the second half of the 20th century with new developments and projects, mostly brought on by big business. The Civic Center complex includes the Los Angeles County Regional Library and the Citrus Municipal Court building and the city offices. It also included the revitalization of the older sections of the shopping center. The Fashion Plaza has provided the citizens of the San Gabriel Valley with convenient access to all shopping needs. In 1991 the mall was renovated adding a food court and additional shops, as well as the redecorating of the entire mall. The mall was renamed "The Plaza at West Covina". The Plaza opened a new 100,000 sq ft. Wing in October 1993 featuring 50 new stores including a new Robinson's-May and interior renovation throughout The Plaza. The 2010 United States Census reported that West Covina had a population of 106,098.West Covina, California – The 14 story Wells Fargo Building, tallest in the city.
76. Norwalk, California – Norwalk is a suburban city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. The population is estimated to be 107,096 as of 2014. It is the 58th most densely-populated city in California. Founded in the late 19th century, Norwalk was incorporated as a city in 1957. It is located 17 miles southeast of downtown Los Angeles and is part of the Greater Los Angeles area. Norwalk is a member of the Gateway Cities Council of Governments. Norwalk's sister cities are Morelia, Michoacán, Hermosillo, Sonora, in Mexico. The area known as "Norwalk" was first home to the Shoshonean Native American tribe. They survived primarily on an array of berries, acorns, sage, squirrels, birds. Their huts were part of the Sejat Indian village. In the late 1760s, missions flourished with the famous El Camino Real trail traversing the area. A Spanish soldier, received a Spanish grant in 1784 that included Norwalk. After the Mexican-American War in 1848, the Rancho and mining days ended. Portions of the land were subdivided and made available for sale when California was admitted into the union of the United States. Word of this land development reached the Sproul Brothers in Oregon.Norwalk, California – Norwalk Square sign
77. Daly City, California – Daly City is the largest city in San Mateo County, California, United States, with an estimated 2014 population of 106,094. Located south of San Francisco, it is named in honor of landowner John Daly. Archaeological evidence suggests the San Francisco Bay Area has been inhabited as early as 2700 BC. People of the Ohlone language group occupied Northern California from at least the 6th century. Later the same year, the Franciscan missionary Francisco Palóu founded the Mission San Francisco de Asís. In 1778, the priests and soldiers marked out a trail to connect San Francisco to the rest of California. At the top of Mission Hill, the priests named the gap between San Bruno Mountain and the hills on the coast La Portezuela. La Portezuela was later referred to as Daly's Hill, the Center of Daly City, is now called Top of the Hill. During Spanish rule, the area between San Bruno Mountain and the Pacific remained uninhabited. Upon independence from Spain, prominent Mexican citizens were granted land parcels to establish large ranches, three of which covered areas now in Daly City and Colma. Rancho Laguna de la Merced was 2,219 acres acres and covered the area around a lake of the same name. An 1853 US survey could be acquired by private citizens. A decade later, several families left as increase in the density killed potato crops. The few remaining families switched to dairy and cattle farming as a more profitable enterprise. Daly City served as a location where San Franciscans would cross over county lines to gamble and fight.Daly City, California – Part of Daly City with San Bruno Mountain and the San Francisco neighborhood of Crocker Amazon in the background.
78. Burbank, California – Burbank is a city in Los Angeles County in Southern California, United States, 12 miles northwest of downtown Los Angeles. The population at the 2010 census was 103,340. Entertainment, Nickelodeon, NBC, Cartoon Network, Insomniac Games. The city is also home to Bob Hope Airport. Burbank consists of two distinct areas: a downtown/foothill section, in the foothills of the Verdugo Mountains, the flatland section. Burbank is the easternmost city in the San Fernando Valley. Burbank's neighbor, Glendale, is the westernmost city in the San Gabriel Valley. The city was referred to as "Beautiful Downtown Burbank" on Laugh-In and The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson. The city was named after David Burbank, a New Hampshire-born dentist and entrepreneur who established a sheep ranch there in 1867. Remnants of the military battle reportedly were found many years later in the vicinity of Warner Bros. Studio when residents dug up cannonballs. By 1876, the San Fernando Valley became the largest wheat-raising area in Los Angeles County. But the droughts of the 1860s and 1870s underlined the need for steady water supplies. A professionally trained dentist, Dr. Burbank began his career in Waterville, Maine. He joined the great migration westward in the early 1850s and, by 1853 was living in San Francisco.Burbank, California – Looking northwest over Burbank from Griffith Park.
79. Santa Maria, California – Santa Maria is a city near the Southern California coast in Santa Barbara County. It is approximately 120 miles northwest of Los Angeles. Its estimated 2014 population was 103,410, making the most populous city in the Santa Maria-Santa Barbara, CA Metro Area. The city is notable for its wine industry and Santa Maria-style barbecue. Sunset magazine called Santa Maria "The West's Best BBQ Town". The Santa Maria Valley, stretching from the Santa Lucia Mountains toward the Pacific Ocean, was the homeland of the Chumash people for several thousand years. They had unique plank-built boats, called Tomol, which they used for ocean fishing. In 1769, the Portolá Expedition passed up the coast of Las Californias Province. Rather than rich soil, white settlers were attracted here by the possibility of free land. At the end of the Mexican War in 1848, California was ceded to the United States. In the 19th century, after California gained statehood in 1850, the area's rich soil attracted other settlers. By the end of the century, the Santa Maria River Valley had become one of the most productive agricultural areas in the state. Agriculture is still a key component of the economy for the city and the entire region. The townsite was recorded in Santa Barbara in 1875. The new town was named Grangerville, then changed to Central City.Santa Maria, California – Along Foxen Canyon Road. This route provides a link between the Santa Maria and Santa Ynez Valleys
80. Clovis, California – Clovis is a city in Fresno County, California, United States. The 2014 population was estimated to be 102,189. Clovis is located 6.5 miles northeast of downtown Fresno, at an elevation of 361 feet. The city of Clovis began as a freight stop along the San Joaquin Valley Railroad. Organized on January 1890, by Fresno businessmen Thomas E. Hughes, Gilbert R. Osmun, H.D.. The railroad agreed to establish a station on the west side of the tracks and to call it "Clovis". The Clovis station, after which the town was named, was positioned on the Owen side of the track. Cole and Owen later sold land to Marcus Pollasky for development of a townsite. Civil engineer Ingvart Tielman mapped the townsite on December 29, 1891. The original townsite featured streets named for principal investors of the railroad: Baron. The townsite, named Clovis by Pollasky, was laid out on what was originally Owen's land. At the time, Hamptonville was called "Pollasky". A celebration of the completion of track-laying was held at the Pollasky terminus with a reported 3,000 Fresnans attending. The railroad began official operation in January 1892. The first year of operation of the railroad coincided with the beginnings of a economic decline.Clovis, California – Pollasky Avenue, Old Town Clovis
81. El Cajon, California – El Cajon is a city in San Diego County, California, United States. In a valley surrounded by mountains, the city has acquired the nickname of "The Big Box." Its name originated similarly, from the Spanish phrase "el cajón," which means "the box" or "the drawer." The name appeared on maps in 1873 and 1875, shortened to "Cajon," until the modern town developed in which the post office was named "Elcajon." In 1905, the name was once again expanded to "El Cajon" under the insistence of California banker and historian, Zoeth Skinner Eldredge. El Cajon is located at 32°47′54″N 116°57′36″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 14.4 square miles, all land. It includes the neighborhoods of Fletcher Hills, Bostonia, Rancho San Diego. Under the Köppen climate classification system, El Cajon straddles areas of Mediterranean climate and semi-arid climate. As a result, it is often described as "arid Mediterranean" and "semi-arid Steppe". Like most inland areas in Southern California, the climate varies dramatically within a short distance, known as microclimate. El Cajon's climate has greater extremes compared to coastal San Diego. The farther east from the coast, the more arid the climate gets, until one reaches the mountains, where precipitation increases due to orographic uplift. The annual average precipitation at El Cajon is 11.96 inches. Rainfall is fairly evenly distributed throughout the winter months, but rare in summer.El Cajon, California – Office building on El Cajon's Main Street
82. San Mateo, California – San Mateo is a city in San Mateo County, California, in the high-tech enclave of Silicon Valley in the San Francisco Bay Area. The 2015 population was estimated to be 103,536. San Mateo was incorporated in 1894. By car, San Mateo is about thirty minutes from downtown San Jose and twenty-five minutes from downtown San Francisco. In 1789 the Spanish missionaries had named a Native American village along Laurel Creek as Los Laureles or the Laurels. An 1835 sketch map of the Rancho refers to the creek as arroyo de los Laureles. In the 21st century, most of the laurels are gone, removed for development. In 1810 Coyote Point was an early recorded feature of San Mateo. Beginning in the 1850s, some wealthy San Franciscans began building summer or permanent homes in the milder mid-peninsula. While most of this early settlement occurred in adjacent Hillsborough and Burlingame, a number of historically important mansions and buildings were constructed in San Mateo. A.P. Giannini, founder of the Bank of Italy, lived here most of his life. His mansion, Seven Oaks, is listed in the National Register of Historic Places. Located at 20 El Cerrito Drive, it has been deteriorating as it has not been preserved or occupied for years. In 1858 Sun Water Station, a stage station of the Butterfield Overland Mail route, was established in San Mateo. It was located 9 miles south of Clarks Station in what is now San Bruno and 9 miles north of the next station at Redwood City.San Mateo, California – San Mateo from above
83. Rialto, California – Rialto is a city in San Bernardino County, California, United States. The population was 99,171 with the 2010 Census. One of the United States' largest fireworks companies, Pyro Spectaculars, is also headquartered in Rialto. The particularly arid climate during the summer prevents tropospheric clouds from forming, meaning temperatures rise to what is considered Class Orange by NOAA. Rialto gets an average of 16 inches of rain, maybe hail most of this rainfall precipitates in winter. During winter, Rialto's northern-most neighborhood gets snow, heavily at times as a result of its elevation of about 3,000 feet above sea level. However, most of the city is out of snowfall's path. This markedly increases the wildfire danger in the foothill, mountain communities that the cycle of cold, wet winters and dry summers helps create. Rialto is located at 117 ° 22 57 ″ W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 22.4 square miles. 22.4 square miles of it is land and 0.06% is water. As of the census of 2000, there are 20,516 families residing in the city. The population density is 1,622.0/km². There are 26,045 housing units at an average density of 459.8/km². 51.21% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.Rialto, California – Seal
84. Vista, California – Vista is a city in Southern California and is located in northwestern San Diego County. Vista is a medium-sized city within the San Diego Metropolitan Area and had a population of 93,834 at the 2010 census. Located just seven miles inland from the Pacific Ocean, it has a Mediterranean climate. Originally the lands of Rancho Buena Vista, Vista was founded with an establishment of a office. It became a city on June 13, 2007. Vista has a business home to over 800 companies. The Vista area was originally inhabited by the Luiseño Indians, who lived in 1798. The prosperity of the mission-era declined by the 1830s with the independence of Mexico from Spain. The Mexican government began to grant land ownerships to a variety of people, thus beginning the Rancho era of California. Three ranchos were granted in the Vista area: Agua Hedionda Y los Manos. In the 1850s the ranchos began to fade due to changing political conditions and the scarcity of water. A growing number of settlers came to the area after California became a state in 1850 and began to create smaller agricultural holdings. With the opening of the first post office in 1882, Vista had officially arrived. His nephew, Jules Jacques Delpy, joined him in 1879 and together they planted several hundred acres of grapes. In 1886, they built the first successful winery in the country.Vista, California – View of South Santa Fe
85. Jurupa Valley, California – Jurupa Valley is a city in Riverside County, California. The city of Jurupa Valley has an estimated population of 98,842. It is west of the Santa Ana River, south of the Riverside-San Bernardino County line, east of Interstate 15. It includes the neighborhoods of Mira Loma, Glen Avon, Sky Country, Sunnyslope. According to the United States Census Bureau the 2014 estimated population was 98,842. Jurupa Valley is home to the Jurupa Unified School District. Also, the city is served by Ontario International Airport. Some major roads in Jurupa Valley include the following: Interstate 215, Interstate 15. City of Jurupa Valley Jurupa Unified School District web site Jurupa Valley Measure A official sample ballotJurupa Valley, California – Seal