Template:Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis
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1. Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis – Bouvier was the elder daughter of Wall Street stockbroker John Vernou Bouvier III and socialite Janet Lee Bouvier. In 1952, Bouvier met Congressman John F. Kennedy at a dinner party. Shortly after, he was elected to the United States Senate and the couple married the following year. They had four children, two of whom died in infancy. As First Lady, she aided her husband's administration with her presence in social events and with her highly-publicized restoration of the White House. On November 22, 1963, she was riding with him in a motorcade in Dallas, Texas, when he was assassinated. She and her children withdrew from public view after his funeral, she married Aristotle Onassis in 1968. Following her second husband's death in 1975, she had a career as a book editor for the final two decades of her life. She is remembered to the arts and preservation of historic architecture, well as for her style, grace. Her father had English ancestry. Named after her father, Bouvier was baptized at the Church of St. Ignatius Loyola in Manhattan; she was raised in the Catholic faith. Her younger sister Lee was born in 1933. Bouvier spent her early childhood years in Manhattan and at Lasata, the Bouviers' country estate in East Hampton on Long Island. She idolized her father, who likewise favored her over her sister, calling his eldest child "the most beautiful daughter a man ever had". From an early age, Bouvier was an enthusiastic equestrienne and successfully competed in the sport; horse-riding would remain a lifelong passion.Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis – Jacqueline Kennedy at the White House in 1961
2. John F. Kennedy – A member of his New Frontier domestic program was largely enacted after his death. Kennedy also established the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1963. Kennedy's time in office was marked by high tensions with Communist states. He increased the number of American military advisers in South Vietnam by a factor of 18 over Eisenhower. In Cuba, a failed attempt was made at the Bay of Pigs to overthrow the country's dictator Fidel Castro in April 1961. He was served until 1960. Kennedy defeated Vice President, Republican candidate, Richard Nixon in the 1960 U.S. Presidential Election. At age 43, he became the youngest elected president and the second-youngest president. Kennedy was also the first person born in the 20th century to serve as president. To date, Kennedy has been the only Roman Catholic president and the only president to have won a Pulitzer Prize. Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas, Texas, on November 22, 1963. Dallas nightclub owner Jack Ruby fatally shot Oswald two days later in a jail corridor. The FBI and the Warren Commission officially concluded that Oswald was the lone assassin, but its report was sharply criticized. Since the 1960s, information concerning Kennedy's private life has come to light, including his health problems and allegations of infidelity.John F. Kennedy – John F. Kennedy
3. Presidency of John F. Kennedy – He was succeeded by Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson. He took office following the 1960 presidential election, in which he defeated the then -- incumbent Vice President. He was also the first Roman Catholic elected to the presidency. Kennedy's time in office was marked with the Soviet Union and its satellite states, especially Cuba. In Cuba, a failed attempt was made at the Bay of Pigs to overthrow the government of Fidel Castro. Kennedy preferred the organizational structure of a wheel with all the spokes leading to the president. He was willing to make the increased number of quick decisions required in such an environment. He selected a mixture of inexperienced people to serve in his cabinet. "We can learn our jobs together", he stated. Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson was largely sidelined during the administration. Thurgood Marshall, who Kennedy appointed for the Second Circuit, would later be appointed to the Supreme Court in 1967. Kennedy was sworn on January 20, 1961. He asked the nations of the world to join together to fight what he called itself." He added: All this will not be finished in the first hundred days. But let us begin."Presidency of John F. Kennedy – Presidency of John F. Kennedy
4. Caroline Kennedy – Caroline Bouvier Kennedy is an American author, attorney, diplomat, currently the United States Ambassador to Japan. Kennedy is the only surviving child of President John F. Kennedy and First Lady Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy. The following year, Caroline, brother settled on the Upper East Side of Manhattan, where she attended school. She worked at Manhattan's Metropolitan Museum of Art, where she met her future husband, exhibit designer Edwin Schlossberg. Kennedy went on to receive a J.D. degree from Columbia Law School. Most of Kennedy's professional life has spanned politics, as well as education reform and charitable work. Kennedy has also co-authored two books on civil liberties with Ellen Alderman. Congresswoman Kirsten Gillibrand ultimately replaced Clinton as the junior New York Senator. In 2013, President Obama appointed her to Japan. Caroline Bouvier Kennedy was born to John Fitzgerald Kennedy and Jacqueline Lee Bouvier Kennedy. Her parents had a daughter named Arabella a year before Caroline's birth. Caroline had John Jr. born just before her third birthday. Patrick, died two days after his premature birth in 1963. Caroline lived during the first three years of her life. When Caroline was three years old, her father was sworn as President of the United States and the family moved into the White House.Caroline Kennedy – Caroline Kennedy
5. John F. Kennedy, Jr. – John Fitzgerald Kennedy Jr. often referred to as JFK Jr. or John John, was an American lawyer, journalist, magazine publisher. He was the only surviving son of President John F. Kennedy and First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy, younger brother of Caroline Kennedy. His father was assassinated three days before his third birthday. From his early childhood onwards, he became a social figure of Manhattan. Trained as a lawyer, he worked as a New York City Assistant District Attorney for four years. In 1995, he launched George magazine, using his political and celebrity status to publicize it. Kennedy died along with his wife Carolyn Bessette-Kennedy and her elder sister Lauren in the crash of a small plane he was piloting. Kennedy had intended to drop off Lauren at Martha's Vineyard before continuing to the wedding of his cousin Rory Kennedy in Hyannis Port. John Fitzgerald Kennedy Jr. was born at Georgetown University Hospital on November 25, 1960, two weeks after his father was elected president. His parents had a stillborn daughter named Arabella four years before John Jr.'s birth. John Jr. had an infant brother, Patrick, who died two days after his premature birth in 1963. His putative nickname, "John-John", came from a reporter who misheard JFK calling him "John" twice in quick succession; the name was not used by his family. John Jr. lived in the White House during the first three years of his life, later remained in the public spotlight up until his death. The funeral was held three days later on John Jr.'s third birthday. The family continued for a party to demonstrate that the Kennedys would go on despite the death of their father.John F. Kennedy, Jr. – Kennedy greets invited guests at the HBO and Imagine Entertainment premiere held at the Kennedy Space Center in 1998.
6. Patrick Bouvier Kennedy – Patrick Bouvier Kennedy was the last child of United States President John F. Kennedy and First Lady Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy. His weight was 4 pounds 10 1⁄2 ounces. Shortly after birth, he developed symptoms of membrane disease, now called infant respiratory distress syndrome. He was transferred to Boston Children's Hospital where he died two days later, following treatment in a hyperbaric chamber. A funeral mass was held in the private chapel of Cardinal Richard Cushing in Boston. The child was initially buried at Holyhood Cemetery in Brookline, Massachusetts. It also affected their marriage. Upon their departure from Otis Air Force Base, the couple – seldom publicly affectionate – were seen holding hands. Secret Service agent Clint Hill recalled the couple having "relationship", visible following Patrick's death. Preterm birth Kennedy family Kennedy family tree President John F. Kennedy on the Death of His Infant Son Patrick Bouvier Kennedy Shapell Manuscript FoundationPatrick Bouvier Kennedy – Gravestone in the Kennedy family plot in Arlington National Cemetery
7. Aristotle Onassis – Onassis fled the city with his family in the wake of the Greco-Turkish War. He established himself during the Second World War. Onassis was greatly affected by the death of his 24-year-old son, Alexander, in a plane crash in 1973, died two years later. Onassis was born to Socrates and Penelope Dologu. Onassis had two half-sisters, Kalliroi and Merope, by his father's second marriage following Penelope's death. Onassis became a successful shipping entrepreneur and was able to send his children to prestigious schools. When Aristotle Onassis graduated at the age of 16, he spoke four languages: Greek, Turkish, English. The Onassis family's substantial property holdings were lost, causing them to become refugees fleeing to Greece after the Great Fire of Smyrna in 1922. He went into business for himself and made a fortune importing tobacco to Argentina. He obtained the Argentine citizenship in 1929. Eventually he relocated to New York where he built up his shipping businesses. Onassis built up a fleet of freighters and tankers that eventually exceeded seventy vessels. Onassis's fleet had Panamanian flags and sailed tax-free while operating at low cost. Because of this, Onassis could turn a profit in every transaction, even though he charged one of the lowest prices in the market. Onassis moved his headquarters shortly after taking control of the SBM.Aristotle Onassis – Aristotle Onassis in 1967
8. Janet Lee Bouvier – Janet Norton Lee Bouvier Auchincloss was an American socialite. She was the mother of former United States First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis and Lee Radziwill. She often stood in for her daughter Jacqueline as hostess for official White House functions. She was the mother-in-law of United States President John F. Kennedy. Merritt. In fact, he was born in New Jersey in 1852, precluding service in that conflict. Janet had two sisters: Winifred Norton Lee and Marion Norton Lee. Lee studied at Sweet Briar College and later at Vassar College, but did not graduate from either institution. Lee was married three times. Her first husband was John Vernou "Black Jack" Bouvier III. Lee's second husband was Standard Oil heir; she was his third wife. They were married on June 21, 1942, had two children: Janet Jennings Auchincloss James Lee Auchincloss. Her third marriage, after Auchincloss's death, was to broker Bingham "Booch" Morris on October 1979. Morris was a childhood friend. Though they separated in 1981, they remained married until her death eight years later.Janet Lee Bouvier – Family
9. John Vernou Bouvier III – John Vernou "Black Jack" Bouvier III was an American Wall Street stockbroker and socialite. He was the father of former First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, the father-in-law of President John F. Kennedy. "Black Jack", referred to his omnipresent dark tan and his flamboyant lifestyle. Bouvier was born in New York. He was the eldest of five children born to Major John Vernou Bouvier, Maude Frances Sergeant. Michel Bouvier, was a French Canadian cabinetmaker who immigrated through Niagara New York along with several other family members. He settled in Philadelphia, where he opened a cabinet making or shop, making fine furniture for customers including Stephen Girard. As as doing fine cabinetry Michel Bouvier had a business distributing firewood. To support this he acquired large tracts of timber, some of which turned out to be above coal. Michel gained his fortune later in real speculation. Michel Charles Bouvier, further distinguished himself in the world of finance on Wall Street. Bouvier had a younger brother, William Sergeant "Bud" Bouvier, who died from alcoholism, three younger sisters, Maude R. Bouvier Davis, Michelle C. Bouvier Scott Putnam, Edith Ewing Bouvier. Bouvier attended Sheffield Scientific School of Yale University. While attending Yale, he was a member of the Cloister Club.John Vernou Bouvier III – John Vernou Bouvier III
10. Lee Radziwill – Caroline Lee Radziwill is an American socialite, public relations executive, interior decorator, former actress. She is the younger sister of the late First Lady, sister-in-law of President John F. Kennedy. Her niece Caroline Bouvier Kennedy is named after her. She was named in 1996. Born Caroline Lee Bouvier in New York, she was the daughter of stockbroker John Vernou Bouvier III and socialite Janet Norton Lee. Radziwill has been married three times. Canfield's biological mother was the American socialite Kiki Preston. The marriage was annulled by the Roman Catholic Church in November 1962. Their marriage ended in 1974. They had Anthony and Christina "Tina". On September 1988, Radziwill became the second wife of American film director and choreographer Herbert Ross. They divorced in 2001, shortly before his death. She reverted her surname to that of her second husband. In the 1960s, Radziwill attempted to forge a career as an actress. Her acting attempt was unsuccessful if highly publicized.Lee Radziwill – Lee Radziwill (left) and Krishna Hutheesing in India, 1962
11. Hugh D. Auchincloss – Auchincloss was born at Hammersmith Farm in Newport, Rhode Island. He was the son of Emma Brewster Jennings. His maternal grandparents were Esther Judson Goodsell. His uncles included Edgar Stirling Auchincloss, the father of U.S. Representative James C. Auchincloss, John Winthrop Auchincloss, the grandfather of Louis Auchincloss, an attorney and author. He had two older sisters, Ann Burr Auchincloss. Auchincloss graduated in Massachusetts and then from Yale University in 1920 where he was elected to the Elihu Senior Society. He earned a law degree in 1924. From 1924 to 1926, Auchincloss practiced law before joining the Commerce Department as a special agent in aeronautics. In 1927, he was appointed an expert in the State Department. Four years later in 1931, he resigned service to form a brokerage firm. In 1931, he bought his seat for $235,000. The firm eventually had 16 offices with two in the rest spread along the East Coast. In 1970, the firm merged based in New York.Hugh D. Auchincloss – Auchincloss' former residence in Georgetown, Washington, D.C.
12. Janet Auchincloss Rutherfurd – Janet Jennings Auchincloss Rutherfurd was an American socialite. She was also the half-sister of actress Caroline Lee Bouvier. Janet was the daughter of stockbroker Hugh Dudley Auchincloss, socialite Janet Norton Lee. Her younger brother is James Lee Auchincloss. Janet Auchincloss made her debut in 1963. She studied in McLean, Virginia, Miss Porter's School in Farmington, Connecticut, the alma mater of her half-sisters Jacqueline and Lee. She went on to study history at Sarah Lawrence College. She briefly dated future Secretary of State John Kerry. On July 1966, she married Lewis Polk Rutherfurd, a recent graduate of Princeton University and future financier. The couple moved to Hong Kong, where she later founded an overseas chapter of the League of Women Voters. Her husband later married Katharine duPont Sanger on June 1989.Janet Auchincloss Rutherfurd – Family
13. Edith Ewing Bouvier Beale – Edith Ewing Bouvier Beale was an American socialite and amateur singer, known for her eccentric lifestyle. She was a sister of John Vernou Bouvier III and the aunt of Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis. Her life and relationship with her daughter Edith Bouvier Beale were highlighted in the 1975 documentary Grey Gardens. She was the daughter of John Vernou Bouvier, Jr. and Maude Frances Sergeant, the paternal grandparents of Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy Onassis. Beale enjoyed as a youth considered becoming a surgeon from her interest in physiology. Beale in 1917 married lawyer/financier Phelan Beale in a lavish ceremony at New York. The couple lived at 987 Madison Avenue. They had three children: daughter Edith, born November 7, 1917, two sons. The Beales separated in 1931 when Little Edie was 14, with "Big Edie" retaining the Grey Gardens house. Beale received child support, but no form of alimony. She continued giving recitals at local functions. Her sons went off to college and World War II duty and had families of their own. Beale became depressed and gained weight. She also had several eye operations in the 1940s. In 1946, Phelan Beale notified her of their divorce via telegram from Mexico.Edith Ewing Bouvier Beale – Family
14. Hammersmith Farm – Hammersmith Farm is a Victorian mansion and estate located at 225 Harrison Avenue in Newport, Rhode Island, United States. It was the childhood home of First Lady Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy, the site of the reception for her 1953 wedding to U.S. Senator John F. Kennedy. During his presidency, it was referred to as the "Summer White House". Hammersmith Farm's main house was built in 1887 for John W. Auchincloss, the great-grandfather of Hugh D. Auchincloss, Jacqueline Kennedy's stepfather. During a stay at Hammersmith in late September 1961, President Kennedy announced that John McCone would become the new Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. Additionally, Kennedy signed the Peace Corps Act of 1961. The main house remained until the 1976 death of Hugh Auchincloss. Jacqueline Kennedy's mother, sold the main house and moved into one of the guesthouses on the farm, called "The Castle". There was another guest house on the farm built to resemble a windmill. A group of investors opened it for public tours and special events. Fruit of the Loom executive William F. Farley bought it for $6.675 million. It had fallen into serious disrepair. Wiring had frayed from time and rodent damage. Wood rot was everywhere.Hammersmith Farm – Senator John F. Kennedy and Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy on their wedding day, September 12, 1953.
15. Kennedy Compound – The Kennedy Compound consists of three houses on six acres of waterfront property on Cape Cod along Nantucket Sound in Hyannis Port, Massachusetts, United States. It was his main residence from 1982 to 2009. He died at the compound in August 2009. Ted Kennedy also bought President Kennedy's house from Caroline Kennedy. This house now belongs to Jr.. President Kennedy used the compound as a base for his successful 1960 U.S. Presidential campaign and later as a summer White House and presidential retreat until his assassination in November 1963. In 2012, the main house was donated for the United States Senate. In 1926 Joseph P. Kennedy rented a cottage at 50 Marchant Avenue in Hyannis Port. Two years later, he remodeled it to suit his family's needs. In and around this house, their nine children spent their summers, acquiring a lifelong interest in sailing and other competitive activities. In 1956, Jack bought a smaller home of his own at 111 Irving Avenue, far from his father's home. Edward lived until his death. All three buildings are white-frame structures typical of vacation residences on Cape Cod. Except for specific occasions at the Main House, the buildings are not available for public visitation.Kennedy Compound – Kennedy Compound
16. White House Historical Association – The association publishes books and videos on the history, architecture, decorative arts of the White House, the semi-annual journal White House History. The association sponsors research and scholarship, a lecture series, exhibitions on White House history. Funding for the White House Historical Association comes from private and corporate contributions. The association manages the White House Endowment Trust. Abbott James A. and Elaine M. Rice. Designing Camelot: The Kennedy White House Restoration. Van Nostrand Reinhold: 1998. ISBN 0-442-02532-7. Garrett, Wendell. Our Changing White House. Northeastern University Press: 1995. ISBN 1-55553-222-5. Seale, William, The White House: The History of an American Idea. White House Historical Association: 1992, 2001. ISBN 0-912308-85-0.White House Historical Association – White House Historical Association building on Jackson Place in Washington, D.C.
17. White House Office of the Curator – The office began during the administration of President John F. Kennedy while First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy oversaw the restoration of the White House. The office is located in the floor of the White House Executive Residence. The office, headed by the Curator of the White House, includes an Associate Curator, a Curatorial Assistant. The office works with the Chief Usher, the White House Historical Association. The position was begun during the administration of President John F. Kennedy while First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy oversaw the restoration of the White House. The first Curator of the White House was Lorraine Waxman Pearce, appointed in March 1961. Pearce was a graduate of the program at the Winterthur Museum. Monkman, 1997–2002 William G. Allman, 2002–present Committee for the Preservation of the White House White House Historical Association Abbott James A. and Elaine M. Rice. Designing Camelot: The Kennedy White House Restoration. Van Nostrand Reinhold: 1998. ISBN 0-442-02532-7. Garrett, Wendell. Our Changing White House. Northeastern University Press: 1995. ISBN 1-55553-222-5.White House Office of the Curator – A marble bust of George Washington by sculptor Giuseppe Ceracchi (1751–1801) receives conservation work in the China Room.
18. Committee for the Preservation of the White House – The committee is charged with establishing policies relating to the function of the White House, its state rooms and collections. The First Lady serves as the Honorary Chair of the committee. Category:Rooms in the White House White House Office of the Curator Abbott James A. and Elaine M. Rice. Designing Camelot: The Kennedy White House Restoration. Van Nostrand Reinhold: 1998. ISBN 0-442-02532-7. Garrett, Wendell. Our Changing White House. Northeastern University Press: 1995. ISBN 1-55553-222-5. Monkman, Betty C. The White House: The Historic Furnishing & First Families. Abbeville Press: 2000. ISBN 0-7892-0624-2. Seale, William, The White House: The History of an American Idea.Committee for the Preservation of the White House – The White House Red Room before refurbishment during the administration of Bill Clinton.
19. Resolute desk – Franklin Roosevelt requested the addition of a door with the presidential seal to conceal his leg braces. After this it was on display in the Smithsonian Institution. President Jimmy Carter brought the desk back to the Oval Office, where Presidents Ronald Reagan, George W. Bush used it. It is currently by President Barack Obama. The original design elevation for the "President's Desk" were created on September 9, 1879. They can be viewed online. These proposed gifts were replaced with the William Evenden's 1880 Resolute Desk. If one Front only is required, then three panels containing Arctic subjects is proposed. A. Front for Presidents use, fitted in Top. B. Front for Secretary's use fitted with two Cupboards partitioned for Ledgers under & three drawers in Top. The door panels to contain Busts of H.M. Queen Victoria & the President of America encircled by Laurel wreaths. C. Pedestal ends with two outer & inner panels to contain such Arctic subjects as may be selected. D.Resolute desk – President Barack Obama sitting at the Resolute desk in 2009.
20. Assassination of John F. Kennedy – John F. Kennedy, the 35th President of the United States, was assassinated at 12:30 p.m. Central Standard Time on Friday, November 22, 1963, in Dealey Plaza in Dallas, Texas. Fatally shot by Lee Harvey Oswald, he was traveling with his wife, Connally's wife, Nellie, in a presidential motorcade. Kennedy's death marked the fourth and most recent assassination of an American President. The Committee was not able to identify any individuals or groups involved with the conspiracy. In addition, the HSCA found that the federal investigations were "seriously flawed" in the possibility of conspiracy. As recommended by the HSCA, the acoustic evidence indicating conspiracy was subsequently re-examined and rejected. However, Kennedy's assassination is still the subject of widespread debate and has spawned numerous conspiracy theories and alternative scenarios. Polling in 2013 showed that 60% of Americans believe that a group of conspirators was responsible for the assassination. President Kennedy traveled to Texas to smooth over frictions in the Democratic Party between liberals Ralph Yarborough and Don Yarborough and conservative John Connally. Leaving from Dallas Love Field, 45 minutes had been allotted for the motorcade to reach the Trade Mart at a planned arrival time of 12:15 p.m. The actual route was chosen to be a meandering 10-mile route between the two places, which could be driven slowly in the allotted time. On November 14, both men attended a meeting at Love Field and drove over the route that Sorrels believed best suited for the motorcade. The Texas School Book Depository was situated at this corner of Houston and Elm. Three vehicles were used for Secret Service and police protection in the Dallas motorcade.Assassination of John F. Kennedy – An aerial view of Dealey Plaza showing the route of President Kennedy's motorcade
21. State funeral of John F. Kennedy – On the Sunday after the assassination, his flag-draped coffin was carried to the U.S. Capitol to lie in state. Throughout the night, hundreds of thousands lined up to view the guarded casket. Representatives from over 90 countries attended the funeral on Monday, November 25. After the Requiem Mass at St. Matthew's Cathedral, the late president was buried at Arlington National Cemetery in Virginia. Kennedy is the most recent president to have died in office. At the same time, military authorities started planning his funeral. Army Major General Philip C. Wehle, the commanding general of the Military District of Washington, retired Army Colonel Paul C. Miller, chief of ceremonies and special events at the MDW, planned the funeral. Because Kennedy had no funeral plan in place, much of the planning rested with the CG MDW. The day after the assassination, the new president, Lyndon B. Johnson, issued Presidential Proclamation 3561, declaring Monday to be a national day of mourning, only essential emergency workers to be at their posts. He read the proclamation from the Fish Room at the White House. Several elements of the funeral paid tribute to Kennedy's service in the Navy during World War II. Then Kennedy's body was casketed, for which purpose a new casket was used.State funeral of John F. Kennedy – State Funeral of John F. Kennedy
22. John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum – The John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum is the presidential library and museum of John Fitzgerald Kennedy, the 35th President of the United States. The museum were dedicated by members of the Kennedy family. It can be reached from nearby Interstate 93 or via shuttle bus or walk from the JFK/UMass stop on the Boston subway's Red line. They were all scattered around the country in small towns from New York to Iowa. Kennedy had not decided on any design concept yet, but he felt that the existing presidential libraries were placed too "far away from scholarly resources." Kennedy chose a plot of land next to the Harvard Graduate School of Business Administration. And so, the building would have the word museum appended to its name: John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum. After President Kennedy was assassinated in November 1963, his family and friends discussed how to construct a library that would serve as a fitting memorial. A committee was formed to advise Kennedy's widow Jacqueline, who would make the final decision. Mrs. Kennedy and others met with the candidates together at the Kennedy Compound in Hyannis, Massachusetts, visited several in their offices. The committee also conducted a secretive process whereby the architects voted anonymously for the most capable of their colleagues. Progress on the building began shortly after his death. On January 13, 1964, Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy announced that a taped oral-history project was to be undertaken for inclusion in the library. The project would feature politicians from home and abroad. Large donations came from the Hispanic world with Venezuela pledging $100,000 and Governor of Puerto Rico Luis Muñoz Marín offering the same.John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum
23. John F. Kennedy Eternal Flame – The John F. Kennedy Eternal Flame is a presidential memorial at the gravesite of U.S. President John F. Kennedy, in Arlington National Cemetery. The permanent site replaced a temporary grave and eternal flame used during President Kennedy's funeral on November 1963. The site was designed by a long-time friend of President Kennedy's. The John F. Kennedy Eternal Flame grave site was consecrated and opened to the public on March 15, 1967. President John F. Kennedy was assassinated on November 22, 1963. Initial press reports indicated that President Kennedy would be buried at Holyhood Cemetery in Brookline, Massachusetts, where Patrick Bouvier Kennedy was buried. But the site for the President's grave was quickly changed just below Arlington House. The initial suggestion to bury President Kennedy at Arlington appears to have been made by Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara. First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy agreed to the change. On November 24, 1963, Jacqueline Kennedy requested an eternal flame for her husband's grave. According to several published accounts, she drew inspiration from a number of sources. She also took inspiration in the Wind, part of the inspiration for the 1960 stage musical Camelot. But Mrs. Kennedy was adamant. The President's funeral was set for November 25. This left very little time to install an eternal flame.John F. Kennedy Eternal Flame – John F. Kennedy Eternal Flame at Arlington National Cemetery after its 2013 renovation
24. Wedding dress of Jacqueline Bouvier – The wedding dress of Jacqueline Bouvier was worn by Jacqueline Bouvier in her wedding to John F. Kennedy on 12 September 1953. The dress is cited as one of the best-remembered bridal gowns of all time. The bouffant gown was the creation of Ann Lowe made from 15 metres of ivory silk taffeta. The veil, made of lace, however, was the one worn by her grandmother in her wedding. Ann Lowe, who also held the trail, was not given due credit by name. When Jacqueline was asked a question as to who made the gown, she replied that it was made by a "colored woman." The dress is now housed in the Kennedy Library in Boston, Massachusetts. A couturier famous for many rich and famous people. The skirt was a bouffant style. Mini wax flowers decorated the skirt. The lace veil she wore belonged to her grandmother. A tiara made of lace, decorated with orange blossoms in the traditional form, was used to tie the veil to her hair. Pink gardenias and orchids were arranged in the bouquet that Jacqueline carried with the dress. The matron of honor was Lee Bouvier Canfield, Nina Auchincloss acted as her maid of honour and flower girl. There were ten bridesmaids, apart from attendants.Wedding dress of Jacqueline Bouvier – Wedding dress of Jacqueline Bouvier
25. Bouffant – The English bouffant comes from the French bouffante, from the present participle of bouffer: "to puff, puff out." The bouffant was a hairstyle in the mid-to-late 18th century in western Europe. It was thought to be created for Marie Antoinette, as she wanted to create the illusion of having very full hair. Usually, hair lacquer was applied as a finishing touch to stiffen the hairdo and hold it in place without the need for hairpins. Pompadour Beehive Big hair Hairstyle archives "Beauty and the Bouffant" galleryBouffant – Lady Bird Johnson wearing a bouffant.
26. Pillbox hat – A pillbox hat is a small hat, usually worn by women, with a flat crown, straight, upright sides, no brim. It is named after the small cylindrical or hexagonal cases that pills used to be sold in. Historically, the precursor to the pillbox hat was military headgear. During the late Roman Empire, "Pannonian cap" -- headgear similar to the modern hat -- was worn by Roman soldiers. A similar hat was popular with the Flemish in the Middle Ages. In some countries, a pillbox-like cab, often with a strap, can still be seen on ceremonial occasions. For example, the Royal Military College of Canada dress uniform includes such a hat. Another cap called a kilmarnock is a modern version of the traditional headdress worn by members of virtually all Gurkha regiments. The modern woman's hat gained popularity due to its elegant simplicity. Pillbox hats were made out among other materials. They could include a veil. The popularity of the hat declined after that. Pillbox hats are satirically mentioned in the song "Leopard-Skin Pill-Box Hat" by Bob Dylan. The song first appeared on his 1966 album Blonde on Blonde. Pillbox hats are also mentioned on the 2011 album Showroom of Compassion.Pillbox hat – Jackie Kennedy arriving in Dallas, Texas on November 22, 1963
27. Pink Chanel suit of Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy – A pink Chanel suit was worn by Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy on November 22, 1963, when her husband, President John F. Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas, Texas. Made of wool bouclé, the double-breasted, strawberry pink and navy collared suit was accompanied by a trademark matching pink pillbox hat. This outfit is arguably the most referenced and revisited of all of her items of clothing and her trademark. Before John F. Kennedy departed for Dallas he asked his wife what she planned to wear. And you've got to look as marvelous as any of them. Be simple – show these Texans what good taste really is." So she tramped out of his room, holding dresses in front of her. The pink suit, which, it was said, was one of her husband's "particular favorites", had first been shown by Coco Chanel in her 1961 collection. The suit was double-breasted, with two pockets with a navy trim on each side. The trim on the sleeves and the pockets, were navy. Accompanying the suit was a trademark hat in matching pink. Kennedy completed the look with a blue handbag matching the collar, with a gold trim. The color of the suit became widely known only after the publication of the Warren Commission report in a color magazine in October 1964. Picardie insists this system had nothing to do with forgery or infringement, since Chanel supplied the materials to Chez Ninon. The suit in 1963 was estimated to cost $800 to $1,000.Pink Chanel suit of Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy – Pink Chanel suit of Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy
28. Jacqueline Kennedy Garden – The Jacqueline Kennedy Garden is located at the White House south of the East Colonnade. The garden balances the Rose Garden on the west side of the White House Complex. The garden known was begun by First Lady Ellen Louise Axson Wilson. She called the East Garden. Mrs. Wilson's design featured a central lily pond. Following her death in 1914, the garden was completed by 19 meters. By the time of President Kennedy's assassination in 1963, work on the East Garden was in progress. The present garden follows a layout established by Mellon. Each bed is planted with a series of Littleleaf lindens and Kennedy saucer magnolias bordered by low hedges of boxwood and American Holly. The outer edge of the bed facing the central lawn are edged with boxwood. Perennial flowering plants include delphinium, hollyhock, roses. Seasonal flowers are interspersed to add nearly year round color. Blooming bulbs planted in the rose garden include jonquil, daffodil, fritillaria, grape hyacinth, tulips, chionodoxa and squill. Summer blooming annuals change yearly. In the fall chrysanthemum and kale bring color until early winter.Jacqueline Kennedy Garden – Spring in the Jacqueline Kennedy Garden. Pink tulips massed against the east colonnade of the White House.
29. Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis Reservoir – The JKO Reservoir holds over 1,000,000,000 US gallons of water. Though longer used to distribute New York City's water supply, it provides water for the Pool and the Harlem Meer. It is a popular place of interest; arguably Central Park's main attraction. It is also encircled by the park's bridle trail. Bill Clinton, Mrs. Onassis have all ran the track. It is often visited by tourists, especially when its pink "Yoshino" cherries, followed by Prunus serrulata'Kanzan' cherries, are blooming. The rhododendrons along the "Rhusododendron Mile" were a gift to the city from Mrs Russell Sage, in 1909. It was never a reservoir; it replaced the smaller, nearby Receiving Reservoir. It distributed it to Manhattan. Papers were signed to allow for the transfer of the reservoir in 1999 to the Department of Parks and Recreation. The Jerome Water Filtration Plant was activated in 2015. The Great Lawn rests on that reservoir's former site. An 1875 map of Central Park clearly shows the two reservoirs. 2007-07-16. Retrieved 2007-12-02.Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis Reservoir – Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis Reservoir
30. Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis School (ballet) – The school comprises the preparatory program "Studio Company" for ages 16 -- 20. Due to ABT's vast repertoire, JKO's curriculum aims to provide the ability to adapt to all styles and techniques of dance. All ABT JKO students perform in original choreography created by the faculty. Select students are chosen for other various performances throughout the year and are also given the opportunity to perform in ABT's production of The Nutcracker. The principal of the school is Franco De Vita. ABT Studio Company, formerly known as ABT II, is a small company of 14 young dancers, ranging from ages 16 to 20, handpicked by ABT. It is currently an extension of the ABT JKO school. While the dancers study learn the repertoire, they also gain various performance experiences via cultural exchanges, regional touring, residencies. It combines various disciplines, with an emphasis on classical ballet and ABT's "National Training Curriculum". Official websiteJacqueline Kennedy Onassis School (ballet) – Family
31. Cultural depictions of Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis – Andy Warhol's 16 Jackies uses four news images of Kennedy prior to, the day of, shortly after her husband's assassination. Gerhard Richter's 1964 painting Frau mit Schirm is an respectful portrait of Kennedy, painted from a newspaper image. It is in the permanent collection of the National Gallery of the Smithsonian Institution. In the 1968 movie Eat Your Makeup directed by John Waters, Divine plays Jackie Kennedy in a re-enactment of the JFK assassination. The Greek Tycoon is a fictionalized portrayal of the story of Kennedy-Onassis and her second husband, with the names changed. The Kennedy-Onassis character, named Liz Cassidy, is portrayed by Jacqueline Bisset, who also portrayed Kennedy-Onassis in America's Prince. Bisset's clothes were designed by Halston, also designing at the time. Bouvier was Jacqueline Kennedy's maiden name. The role of Onassis-Kennedy is played in what is regarded as her breakout role. Timequest explores what happens to Kennedy after the assassination is prevented, taking on an alternate timeline. Jacqueline Kennedy, played by, is one of the main leading roles in this film. Tracy also mentioned her as the first lady because the movie took place at the time of her husband's presidency. She will reprise her role again in a sequel called "After Camelot". The identity of the Kennedys is not made clear. In Kurt Vonnegut's Galápagos, Onassis is one of several celebrity guests who abandon the cruise before it leaves port.Cultural depictions of Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis – Family