Template:United States presidential election, 2020
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1. United States presidential election, 2016 – The United States presidential election of 2016 was the 58th quadrennial American presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 8,2016. The Republican ticket of businessman Donald Trump and Indiana Governor Mike Pence defeated the Democratic ticket of former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, Senator from Virginia Tim Kaine. Trump took office as the 45th President, and Pence as the 48th Vice President, on January 20,2017. Concurrent with the election, Senate, House, and many gubernatorial and state. While Clinton received about 2.9 million more votes nationwide, leading up to the election, a Trump victory was considered unlikely by almost all media forecasts. In the Electoral College vote on December 19, seven electors voted against their pledged candidates, a further three electors attempted to vote against Clinton but were replaced or forced to vote again. Ultimately, Trump received 304 electoral votes and Clinton garnered 227, Trump is the fifth person in U. S. history to become president while losing the nationwide popular vote. It was also the first time since the 1828 election of Democrat Andrew Jackson that a vote split occurred in Maine. On January 6,2017, the United States governments intelligence agencies concluded that the Russian government interfered in the 2016 United States elections. A joint U. S. intelligence review stated with confidence that Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered an influence campaign in 2016 aimed at the US presidential election. Russia’s goals were to undermine public faith in the U. S. democratic process, denigrate Secretary Hillary Clinton, investigations about potential collusion between the Trump campaign and Russian officials were started by the FBI, the Senate Intelligence Committee and the House Intelligence Committee. Traditionally, the elections are indirect elections where voters cast ballots for a slate of party delegates pledged to a particular candidate. The partys delegates then officially nominate a candidate to run on the partys behalf, President Barack Obama, a Democrat and former U. S. The series of primary elections and caucuses took place between February and June 2016, staggered among the 50 states, the District of Columbia. With seventeen major candidates entering the race, starting with Ted Cruz on March 23,2015, prior to the Iowa caucuses on February 1,2016, Perry, Walker, Jindal, Graham and Pataki withdrew due to low polling numbers. Despite leading many polls in Iowa, Trump came in second to Cruz, after which Huckabee, Paul, following a sizable victory for Trump in the New Hampshire primary, Christie, Fiorina and Gilmore abandoned the race. Bush followed suit after scoring fourth place to Trump, Rubio and Cruz in South Carolina. On March 1,2016, the first of four Super Tuesday primaries, Rubio won his first contest in Minnesota, Cruz won Alaska, Oklahoma and his home of Texas, failing to gain traction, Carson suspended his campaign a few days later. On March 15,2016, the second Super Tuesday, Kasich won his only contest in his state of OhioUnited States presidential election, 2016
2. United States presidential election, 2020 – The United States presidential election of 2020, scheduled for Tuesday, November 3,2020, will be the 59th quadrennial U. S. presidential election. Voters will select presidential electors who in turn will either elect a new president, the series of presidential primary elections and caucuses are likely to be held during the first six months of 2020. Barring any major change in circumstances, Republican Donald Trump, who was elected in 2016, the winner of the 2020 presidential election is scheduled to be inaugurated on January 20,2021. The primary elections are indirect elections where voters cast ballots for a slate of party delegates pledged to a particular candidate. The partys delegates then officially nominate a candidate to run on the partys behalf, the age group of what will then be persons in the 18 to 45-year-old bracket is expected to represent 40 percent of the United States eligible voters in 2020. The presidential election will occur at the time as elections to the Senate. Several states will hold state gubernatorial and state legislative elections. An incumbent President seeking re-election usually faces no significant opposition during their respective partys primaries, serious challenges are rare, but then generally presage failure to win the general election in the fall. Senator Ted Kennedy then carried 12 states while running against Carter during the 1980 Democratic Party primaries, Reagan then defeated Carter in the fall of 1980. On January 20,2017 at 5,11 PM, he submitted a letter as a substitute of FEC Form 2, for which he had reached the threshold for filing. Below are other Republican candidates that may or will run in 2020, Ambassador since 2017, Governor of South Carolina 2011–2017 John Kasich, Governor of Ohio since 2011, U. S. Representative 1983–2001, candidate for President in 2000 and 2016 Rand Paul, senator from Kentucky since 2011, candidate for President in 2016 Las Vegas, Nevada Candidates in this section have expressed an interest in running for President within the last six months. Lincoln Chafee, Governor of Rhode Island 2011–2015, U. S. S. S. S. Senate in 2016 Caroline Kennedy, U. S. Ambassador to Japan 2013–2017, First Daughter of the United States 1961–1963 John Kerry, U. S. Secretary of State 2013–2017, U. S. Senator from Massachusetts 1985–2013, Lieutenant Governor 1983–1985, Democratic nominee for President in 2004 Bernie Sanders, senator from Vermont since 2007, U. S. Representative 1991–2007, Mayor of Burlington 1981–1989, candidate for President in 2016 Tom Steyer, hedge fund manager, philanthropist, senator from Massachusetts since 2013 Joe Biden, Vice President of the United States 2009–2017, U. S. Senator from Delaware 1973–2009, candidate for President in 1988 and in 2008 Cory Booker, senator from New Jersey since 2013, Mayor of Newark 2006–2013 Sherrod Brown, U. S. Senator from Ohio since 2007, U. S, Secretary of Housing and Urban Development 1997–2001 Al Franken, U. SUnited States presidential election, 2020 – New York officials have announced plans to bring the Democratic National Convention to the city in 2020.
3. Republican Party (United States) – The Republican Party, commonly referred to as the GOP, is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, the other being its historic rival, the Democratic Party. The party is named after republicanism, the dominant value during the American Revolution, there have been 19 Republican presidents, the most from any one party. The Republican Partys current ideology is American conservatism, which contrasts with the Democrats more progressive platform, further, its platform involves support for free market capitalism, free enterprise, fiscal conservatism, a strong national defense, deregulation, and restrictions on labor unions. In addition to advocating for economic policies, the Republican Party is socially conservative. As of 2017, the GOP is documented as being at its strongest position politically since 1928, in addition to holding the Presidency, the Republicans control the 115th United States Congress, having majorities in both the House of Representatives and the Senate. The party also holds a majority of governorships and state legislatures, the main cause was opposition to the Kansas–Nebraska Act, which repealed the Missouri Compromise by which slavery was kept out of Kansas. The Northern Republicans saw the expansion of slavery as a great evil, the first public meeting of the general anti-Nebraska movement where the name Republican was suggested for a new anti-slavery party was held on March 20,1854, in a schoolhouse in Ripon, Wisconsin. The name was chosen to pay homage to Thomas Jeffersons Republican Party. The first official party convention was held on July 6,1854, in Jackson and it oversaw the preserving of the union, the end of slavery, and the provision of equal rights to all men in the American Civil War and Reconstruction, 1861–1877. The Republicans initial base was in the Northeast and the upper Midwest, with the realignment of parties and voters in the Third Party System, the strong run of John C. Fremont in the 1856 United States presidential election demonstrated it dominated most northern states, early Republican ideology was reflected in the 1856 slogan free labor, free land, free men, which had been coined by Salmon P. Chase, a Senator from Ohio. Free labor referred to the Republican opposition to labor and belief in independent artisans. Free land referred to Republican opposition to the system whereby slaveowners could buy up all the good farm land. The Party strove to contain the expansion of slavery, which would cause the collapse of the slave power, Lincoln, representing the fast-growing western states, won the Republican nomination in 1860 and subsequently won the presidency. The party took on the mission of preserving the Union, and destroying slavery during the American Civil War, in the election of 1864, it united with War Democrats to nominate Lincoln on the National Union Party ticket. The partys success created factionalism within the party in the 1870s and those who felt that Reconstruction had been accomplished and was continued mostly to promote the large-scale corruption tolerated by President Ulysses S. Grant ran Horace Greeley for the presidency. The Stalwarts defended Grant and the system, the Half-Breeds led by Chester A. Arthur pushed for reform of the civil service in 1883. The Republicans supported the pietistic Protestants who demanded Prohibition, nevertheless, by 1890 the Republicans had agreed to the Sherman Antitrust Act and the Interstate Commerce Commission in response to complaints from owners of small businesses and farmersRepublican Party (United States) – Abraham Lincoln, the first Republican U.S. President (1861–1865).
4. Donald Trump – Donald John Trump is the 45th and current President of the United States. Prior to entering politics he was a businessman and television personality, Trump was born and raised in Queens, New York City, and earned an economics degree from the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania. He then took charge of The Trump Organization, the estate and construction firm founded by his paternal grandmother, which he ran for four. During his real career, Trump has built, renovated, and managed numerous office towers, hotels, casinos. Besides real estate, he started several ventures and has lent the use of his name for the branding of various products. He owned the Miss USA and Miss Universe pageants from 1996 to 2015, and he hosted The Apprentice, as of 2017, Forbes listed him as the 544th wealthiest person in the world with a net worth of $3.5 billion. Trump first publicly expressed interest in running for office in 1987. He won two Reform Party presidential primaries in 2000, but withdrew his candidacy early on, in June 2015, he launched his campaign for the 2016 presidential election and quickly emerged as the front-runner among 17 candidates in the Republican primaries. His final opponents suspended their campaigns in May 2016, and in July he was nominated at the Republican National Convention along with Indiana governor Mike Pence as his running mate. His campaign received unprecedented media coverage and international attention, many of the statements he made at rallies, in interviews, or on social media were controversial or false. Trump won the election on November 8,2016, in a surprise victory against Democratic opponent Hillary Clinton. His political positions have been described by scholars and commentators as populist, protectionist, Trump was born on June 14,1946 at the Jamaica Hospital Medical Center, Queens, New York City. He was the fourth of five born to Frederick Christ Fred Trump. His siblings are Maryanne, Fred Jr. Elizabeth, and Robert, Trumps ancestors originated from the village of Kallstadt, Palatinate, Germany on his fathers side, and from the Outer Hebrides isles of Scotland on his mothers side. All his grandparents, and his mother, were born in Europe and his mothers grandfather was also christened Donald. On a visit to his village, he met Elisabeth Christ. He died from the flu pandemic of 1918 and Elizabeth incorporated the family real estate business, Elizabeth Trump and Son, which would later become The Trump Organization. Trumps father Fred was born in the Bronx, and worked with his mother since he was 15 as a real estate developer, primarily in the New York boroughs of Queens and he eventually built and sold thousands of houses, barracks and apartmentsDonald Trump – Donald Trump
5. Political positions of Donald Trump – Donald Trump is an American businessman, television personality, and the 45th President of the United States. Trumps proposals include elements from across the political spectrum and his anti-globalization policies of trade protectionism and immigration reduction cross party lines. Trump has said that he is totally flexible on very, very many issues, Trumps signature issue is illegal immigration, and in particular building or expanding a border wall between the U. S. and Mexico. As of October 2016, Trumps campaign had posted fourteen categories of policy proposals on his website, during October 2016, Trump outlined a series of steps for his first 100 days in office. Trumps political positions, and his descriptions of his beliefs, have frequently changed, politico has described his positions as eclectic, improvisational and often contradictory. According to an NBC News count, over the course of his campaign Trump made 141 distinct shifts on 23 major issues, fact-checking organizations reported that during the campaign, Trump made a record number of false statements compared to other candidates. Trump registered as a Republican in Manhattan in 1987 and since that time has changed his party five times. In 1999, Trump changed his party affiliation to the Independence Party of New York, in August 2001, Trump changed his party affiliation to Democratic. In September 2009, Trump changed his party back to the Republican Party. In December 2011, Trump changed to no party affiliation, in April 2012, Trump again returned to the Republican Party. Now, it shouldnt be that way, but if you go back, I mean it just seems that the economy does better under the Democrats. But certainly we had very good economies under Democrats, as well as Republicans. But weve had some pretty bad disaster under the Republicans, in a July 2015 interview, Trump said that he has a broad range of political positions and that I identify with some things as a Democrat. In accepting the Republican nomination for president, Trump said that I alone can fix the system and he has described himself as a law and order candidate and the voice of the forgotten men and women. Although Trump was the Republican nominee, he has signaled that the party platform, adopted at the 2016 Republican National Convention. According to a Washington Post tally, Trump made some 282 campaign promises over the course of his 2016 campaign, Trumps political positions are widely viewed as populist. Among academics, political writers, and pundits, Trump and his politics have been classified in greater detail, politicians and pundits alike have referred to Trumps populism, anti-free trade and anti-immigrant stances as Trumpism. Liberal economist and columnist Paul Krugman disputes that Trump is a populist, columnist Walter Shapiro and political commentator Jonathan Chait describe Trump as authoritarianPolitical positions of Donald Trump – Donald J. Trump for President
6. Jack Fellure – Lowell Jackson Jack Fellure is an American perennial political candidate and retired engineer. He was the nominee of the Prohibition Party for the 2012 presidential election. Fellure has formally campaigned for President of the United States in every election since 1988 as a member of the Republican Party. He asserts on his web site that his platform based on the Authorized King James Bible has never changed. As a candidate, he has called for the elimination of the industry, abortion, and pornography. He has blamed the ills of society on those he has characterized as atheists, Marxists, liberals, queers, liars, draft dodgers, flag burners, dope addicts, sex perverts and anti-Christians. In 1992, Fellure filed to run in the New Hampshire, West Virginia, by November 1991, he had spent $40,000 of his own money on the campaign, and he sent a King James Bible to the Federal Election Commission as a copy of his platform. Regarding the 1611 English version of the Bible, he said, God wrote it as the document and final authority in the affairs of all men, nations and civilizations, for time. It shall never be necessary to change it, Fellure received 36 votes in the New Hampshire primary and complained that President George H. W. Bush and commentator Pat Buchanan were receiving all the media attention. During the 1996 presidential election while running for the Republican Party presidential nomination and he added that President Bill Clinton merely shifted into overdrive the socialistic, Marxist New World Order agenda. He appeared on the ballot in Puerto Rico and received 34 votes. In the general election, Fellure received one vote in Idaho. Fellure again filed to run for president in 2000, but did not appear on any primary ballots, in 2004, he challenged incumbent President George W. Bush for the Republican Party nomination. Fellure was the candidate to appear alongside Bush in the North Dakota caucus. He received 14 of the 2,020 votes cast, after another run in 2008, Fellure initially ran for the Republican Partys 2012 presidential nomination. He then decided to seek the nomination of the Prohibition Party at the national convention in Cullman. Fellure was nominated for president on the ballot, beating out former Thompson Township tax assessor. Party chairman Toby Davis was named as his running mate, the ticket appeared on the ballot only in Louisiana and received 518 votes on Election DayJack Fellure – Fellure in June 2011
7. Mark Cuban – Mark Cuban is an American businessman, investor, author, television personality, and philanthropist. He is the owner of the NBAs Dallas Mavericks, co-owner of 2929 Entertainment and he is also one of the main shark investors on the ABC reality television series, Shark Tank. In 2011, Cuban wrote an e-book, How to Win at the Sport of Business, in which he chronicles his experiences in business. Mark Cuban was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and his father, Norton Cuban, was an automobile upholsterer, while Cuban has described his mother, Shirley, as someone with a different job or different career goal every other week. He grew up in the suburb of Mount Lebanon, in a Jewish working-class family and his paternal grandfather changed the family name from Chabenisky to Cuban after his family emigrated from Russia through Ellis Island. His maternal grandparents, who were also Jewish, came from Romania, Cubans first step into the business world occurred at age 12, when he sold garbage bags to pay for a pair of expensive basketball shoes. At age 16, Cuban took advantage of a Pittsburgh Post-Gazette strike by running newspapers from Cleveland to Pittsburgh, instead of attending high school for his senior year, he enrolled as a full-time student at the University of Pittsburgh where he joined the Pi Lambda Phi International fraternity. While attending the University of Pittsburgh, he held a variety of including a bartender, disco dancing instructor. He chose Indianas Kelley School of Business without even visiting the campus because it had the least expensive tuition of all the schools on the top 10 list. During college he had business ventures, including a bar, disco lessons. In 1982, Cuban moved to Dallas, Texas, where he first found work as a bartender and he was fired less than a year later, after meeting with a client to procure new business instead of opening the store. Cuban started his own company, MicroSolutions, with support from his previous customers from Your Business Software, MicroSolutions was initially a system integrator and software reseller. The company was a proponent of technologies such as Carbon Copy, Lotus Notes. One of the companys largest clients was Perot Systems, in 1990, Cuban sold MicroSolutions to CompuServe—then a subsidiary of H&R Block—for $6 million. He made approximately $2 million after taxes on the deal, in 1995, Chris Jaeb and fellow Indiana University alumnus Todd Wagner started Audionet, combining their mutual interest in Indiana Hoosier college basketball and webcasting. With a single server and an ISDN line, Audionet became Broadcast. com in 1998, by 1999, Broadcast. com had grown to 330 employees and $13.5 million in revenue for the second quarter. In 1999, Broadcast. com helped launch the first live-streamed Victorias Secret Fashion Show and that year, during the dot com boom, Broadcast. com was acquired by Yahoo. for $5.7 billion in Yahoo. stock. After the sale of Broadcast. com, Cuban diversified his wealth to avoid exposure to a market crash, in 2011, Cuban was No.211 on Forbes list of Worlds Richest People, with a net worth of $2.6 billionMark Cuban – Cuban in 2008.
8. Carly Fiorina – Cara Carleton Carly Fiorina is an American businesswoman. Fiorina is known primarily for her tenure as Chief Executive Officer of Hewlett-Packard, as CEO of HP from 1999 to 2005, Fiorina was the first woman to lead a Top-20 company as ranked by Fortune Magazine. In 2002, Fiorina oversaw what was then the largest technology merger in history, in which HP acquired its rival personal computer manufacturer. HP subsequently eliminated 30,000 U. S. positions, in February 2005, she was fired as Chair and CEO after a boardroom disagreement. Fiorina was an adviser to Republican Senator John McCains 2008 presidential campaign, in 2010, she won the Republican nomination for the United States Senate in California. She lost the election to incumbent Democrat Barbara Boxer. Fiorina was a candidate in the 2016 Republican presidential primary. Fiorina made headlines by joining a group of Republicans who opposed Donald Trump even after he secured the Republican presidential nomination. On December 19,2016, after Trumps victory in the election, Fiorina was born on September 6,1954, in Austin, Texas, the daughter of Madelon Montross and Joseph Tyree Sneed III. The name Carleton, from which Carly is derived, has used in every generation of the Sneed family since the Civil War. At the time of her birth, Fiorinas father was a professor at the University of Texas School of Law. He would later become dean of Duke University School of Law, Deputy U. S. Attorney General and her mother was an abstract painter. She is mainly of English and German ancestry, and was raised Episcopalian and her paternal great-great-great-grandfather, Joseph P. Sneed, was a Methodist minister and educator in Texas. Her paternal great-great-great-great-uncle built the Constantine Sneed House in Brentwood, Tennessee, Carly was a Brownie but did not become a Girl Scout due to her familys frequent moves. She attended Channing School, in London and she later attended five different high schools, including one in Ghana, graduating from Charles E. Jordan High School in Durham, North Carolina. At one time she aspired to be a classical pianist and she received a Bachelor of Arts in philosophy and medieval history at Stanford University, in 1976. During her summers, she worked as a secretary for Kelly Services and she attended the UCLA School of Law in 1976, but dropped out after one semester. She worked as a receptionist for six months at a real estate firm, Marcus & Millichap, when she married in 1977, she and her husband moved to Bologna, Italy, where he was doing graduate work, there she did English tutoring to Italian businessmenCarly Fiorina – Fiorina in 2015
9. Dwayne Johnson – Dwayne Douglas Johnson, also known by his ring name The Rock, is an American actor, producer, singer, and professional wrestler. He holds American and Canadian citizenships and he later played for the Calgary Stampeders in the Canadian Football League and was cut two months into the 1995 season. This led him to become a professional wrestler like his grandfather, Peter Maivia and he returned to wrestling part-time for WWE from 2011 to 2013 and continues to make sporadic non-wrestling appearances for the company. Johnson has 17 championship reigns in WWE, including 10 as a champion, winning the WWF/WWE Championship eight times. He won the WWF Intercontinental Championship twice and the WWF Tag Team Championship five times, Johnson is the sixth Triple Crown Champion in WWE history and won the 2000 Royal Rumble. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest professional wrestlers of all time, co-written with Joe Layden, was published in 2000. It debuted at No.1 on The New York Times Best Seller list, spent 20 weeks on The New York Times bestseller list, Johnsons first leading film role was in The Scorpion King in 2002. For this role, he was paid US $5.5 million and he has since appeared in various films, and become known for his ability to reinvigorate film franchises. Perhaps his greatest success in his career can be sourced to his role as Luke Hobbs in The Fast. Forbes listed Johnson No.25 in the Top 100 Most Powerful Celebrities in 2013 and he is the worlds highest-paid actor of 2016. Time named him one of the 100 most influential people in the world in 2016, in 2015, Muscle & Fitness named Johnson their Man of the Century. Johnson was born in Hayward, California, the son of Ata Johnson and professional wrestler Wayde Douglas Bowles and his maternal grandfather, High Chief Peter Maivia, was also a wrestler. His maternal grandmother, Lia Maivia, was one of few female promoters, taking over Polynesian Pacific Pro Wrestling after her husbands death in 1982. His cousin, Savelina Fanene, is also a wrestler working for WWE. His father is a Black Nova Scotian, and his mother is of Samoan heritage and his father was part of the first black tag team to win the World Tag Team Championship in the World Wrestling Federation. Through his mother, he is considered a relative of the Anoai wrestling family. Johnson briefly lived in the suburb of Grey Lynn in Auckland and he attended Richmond Road Primary School, before returning to the United States with his parents. Johnson spent 10th grade at President William McKinley High School in Honolulu, as he entered 11th grade, his fathers job required his relocation to Bethlehem, PennsylvaniaDwayne Johnson – Johnson at the premiere of Hercules in Sydney in June 2014
10. Ted Cruz – Rafael Edward Ted Cruz /ˈkruːz/ is an American politician and attorney, who has served as the junior United States Senator from Texas since 2013. He was a candidate for the Republican nomination for President of the United States in the 2016 election, Cruz graduated from Princeton University, New Jersey, in 1992, and from Harvard Law School, Massachusetts, in 1995. Bush on the 2000 George W. Bush Presidential campaign, Cruz served as Solicitor General of Texas, from 2003 to 2008, appointed by Texas Attorney General, Greg Abbott. He was the first Hispanic, and the longest-serving, Solicitor General in Texas history, from 2004 to 2009, Cruz was an Adjunct Professor at the University of Texas School of Law in Austin, Texas, where he taught U. S. Supreme Court litigation. Cruz ran for the Senate seat vacated by fellow Republican Kay Bailey Hutchison and, in July 2012, defeated Lieutenant Governor David Dewhurst during the Republican primary runoff and he defeated former State Representative Paul Sadler in the November 2012 general election, winning 56–41%. He is the first Hispanic American to serve as a U. S, Senator representing Texas, and is one of three senators of Cuban descent. He chairs the Senate Judiciary Subcommittee on Oversight, Federal Rights and Agency Activities, in November 2012, he was appointed Vice-Chairman of the National Republican Senatorial Committee. Cruz began campaigning for the Republican presidential nomination in March 2015, Cruzs victory in the February 2016 Iowa caucuses marked the first time a Hispanic person won a U. S. presidential caucus or primary. He eventually emerged as the challenger to frontrunner Donald Trump. He suspended his campaign for president on May 3,2016, Rafael Edward Cruz was born on December 22,1970, at Foothills General Hospital in Calgary, Alberta, to parents Eleanor Elizabeth Wilson and Rafael Bienvenido Cruz y Díaz. Cruzs mother was born in Wilmington, Delaware and she is of three-quarters Irish and one-quarter Italian descent. She earned a degree in mathematics from Rice University in the 1950s. Cruz paternal grandfather, Rafael, immigrated to Cuba as an infant with his parents from the Canary Islands of Spain. Cruzs father is a Cuban American, he was born in Cuba and grew up in the middle class and he obtained political asylum in the U. S. after his four-year student visa expired, as the Cuban Revolution had changed the government. He earned Canadian citizenship in 1973 and he became a naturalized U. S. citizen in 2005. Eleanor and Rafael Cruz divorced in 1997, at the time of his birth, Cruzs parents had lived in Calgary for three years and were working in the oil business as owners of a seismic-data processing firm for oil drilling. Cruz has said, Im the son of two mathematicians/computer programmers, in 1974, his father left the family and moved to Texas. Later that year, his parents reconciled and relocated to Houston, Cruz has two older half-sisters, Miriam Ceferina Cruz and Roxana Lourdes Cruz, from his fathers first marriageTed Cruz – Ted Cruz
11. Ben Sasse – Benjamin Eric Ben Sasse is an American politician. Sasse, a member of the Republican Party, is the junior United States Senator from the state of Nebraska, Sasse earned a doctorate in history from Yale University. He taught at the University of Texas, and served as an assistant secretary in the U. S. Department of Health, in 2010, he was named president of Midland University in Fremont, Nebraska. In 2014, he was elected to fill the U. S Senate seat being vacated by Mike Johanns, a fifth-generation Nebraskan, Sasse was born on February 22,1972, in Plainview, Nebraska, the son of Linda K. and Gary Lynn Sasse. He graduated from Fremont Senior High School, Fremont, Nebraska in 1990, Sasse graduated from Harvard University in 1994 with a bachelors degree in government. He also studied at the University of Oxford during the fall of 1992 on a year abroad program. From September 1994 to November 1995, Sasse worked as a consultant at the management consulting firm Boston Consulting Group. For the next year, Sasse served as director for the Christians United For Reformation. During his tenure, CURE merged with the Alliance of Confessing Evangelicals, Sasse left the Department of Justice in 2005 to serve as chief of staff to Representative Jeff Fortenberry from January 2005 to July 2005. Sasse then advised the U. S. Department of Homeland Security in Washington, DC, Sasse moved to Austin, Texas, to resume his professorship full-time from September 2005 to December 2006. In July 2007, Sasse was nominated by President George W. Bush to the post of Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation in the U. S. Department of Health and Human Services. His appointment was confirmed by the Senate in December 2007 and served until the end of the Bush Administration in January 2009, during his tenure at HHS, Sasse took unpaid leave from the University of Texas. During 2009, Sasse was advising private equity clients and health care investors, in October 2009, he officially joined the University of Texas LBJ School of Public Affairs’ Center for Politics and Governance as a fellow, before being appointed president of Midland University. Sasse was announced as the 15th president of Midland University in October 2009, at the age of 37, he became one of the youngest chief executives in American higher education when he took over leadership of the 128-year-old institution in the spring of 2010. Sasses grandfather, Elmer Sasse, worked for Midland for 33 years, Sasse was officially installed as president on December 10,2010. When he was appointed, enrollment was at a historic low, during his tenure as president, enrollment grew from 590 to 1,300 students. When nearby Dana College was forced to close, Sasse managed to hire much of the faculty, when Sasse announced his intention to run for U. S. Senate, he offered to resign his post at Midland. Instead, the Board asked him to stay at Midland under a partial leave of absence, in October 2013, Sasse stepped down as president of Midland in January 2015Ben Sasse – Ben Sasse
12. Democratic Party (United States) – The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party. The Democrats dominant worldview was once socially conservative and fiscally classical liberalism, while, especially in the rural South, since Franklin D. Roosevelt and his New Deal coalition in the 1930s, the Democratic Party has also promoted a social-liberal platform, supporting social justice. Today, the House Democratic caucus is composed mostly of progressives and centrists, the partys philosophy of modern liberalism advocates social and economic equality, along with the welfare state. It seeks to provide government intervention and regulation in the economy, the party has united with smaller left-wing regional parties throughout the country, such as the Farmer–Labor Party in Minnesota and the Nonpartisan League in North Dakota. Well into the 20th century, the party had conservative pro-business, the New Deal Coalition of 1932–1964 attracted strong support from voters of recent European extraction—many of whom were Catholics based in the cities. After Franklin D. Roosevelts New Deal of the 1930s, the pro-business wing withered outside the South, after the racial turmoil of the 1960s, most southern whites and many northern Catholics moved into the Republican Party at the presidential level. The once-powerful labor union element became smaller and less supportive after the 1970s, white Evangelicals and Southerners became heavily Republican at the state and local level in the 1990s. However, African Americans became a major Democratic element after 1964, after 2000, Hispanic and Latino Americans, Asian Americans, the LGBT community, single women and professional women moved towards the party as well. The Northeast and the West Coast became Democratic strongholds by 1990 after the Republicans stopped appealing to socially liberal voters there, overall, the Democratic Party has retained a membership lead over its major rival the Republican Party. The most recent was the 44th president Barack Obama, who held the office from 2009 to 2017, in the 115th Congress, following the 2016 elections, Democrats are the opposition party, holding a minority of seats in both the House of Representatives and the Senate. The party also holds a minority of governorships, and state legislatures, though they do control the mayoralty of cities such as New York City, Los Angeles, Chicago, Houston, and Washington, D. C. The Democratic Party traces its origins to the inspiration of the Democratic-Republican Party, founded by Thomas Jefferson, James Madison and that party also inspired the Whigs and modern Republicans. Organizationally, the modern Democratic Party truly arose in the 1830s, since the nomination of William Jennings Bryan in 1896, the party has generally positioned itself to the left of the Republican Party on economic issues. They have been liberal on civil rights issues since 1948. On foreign policy both parties changed position several times and that party, the Democratic-Republican Party, came to power in the election of 1800. After the War of 1812 the Federalists virtually disappeared and the national political party left was the Democratic-Republicans. The Democratic-Republican party still had its own factions, however. As Norton explains the transformation in 1828, Jacksonians believed the peoples will had finally prevailed, through a lavishly financed coalition of state parties, political leaders, and newspaper editors, a popular movement had elected the presidentDemocratic Party (United States) – Andrew Jackson was the first Democratic President of the United States
13. John Delaney (Maryland politician) – John Kevin Delaney is an American politician and businessman who has been the United States Representative for Marylands 6th congressional district since 2013. The district, the states second-largest, includes nearly the entire portion of the state. He is a member of the Democratic Party, Delaney grew up in New Jersey, where his father worked as an electrician. Scholarships helped him attend college thanks to his father’s labor union as well as the American Legion, VFW, and he is a graduate of Columbia University and Georgetown University Law Center. In February 2015, Delaney received a doctor of laws degree from Washington College in Chestertown. Delaney has co-founded two companies, both of which are traded on the New York Stock Exchange. He has won the Ernst & Young Entrepreneur of the Year Award, in 1993, he co-founded Health Care Financial Partners, to make loans available to smaller-sized health care service providers purportedly ignored by larger banks. HCFP became public in 1996, and became an NYSE company in 1998, capitalSource continued to be publicly traded on the NYSE after Delaneys election, making him the only former CEO of a publicly traded company serving in the 113th United States Congress. In 2014, the lender was absorbed by PacWest Bancorp, after redistricting, Delaney decided to run for the newly redrawn 6th District against 10-term Republican incumbent Roscoe Bartlett. The district had long been a Republican stronghold, but it had been significantly reconfigured, the Maryland General Assembly shifted heavily Republican Carroll County and a mostly Republican section of Frederick County to the heavily Democratic 8th district. It shifted Republican-tilting sections of Harford and Baltimore counties into the already heavily Republican 1st district, taking their place was a heavily Democratic section of Montgomery County. During the primary, Delaney was endorsed by former President Bill Clinton, U. S. Congresswoman Donna Edwards, Comptroller Peter Franchot, the Washington Post, on April 3,2012, Delaney won the five-candidate Democratic primary field with 54% of the vote. The next closest opponent, State Senator Robert J. Garagiola, in the November 6,2012 general election, Delaney defeated Bartlett by 59%-38%, a 21-point margin. He won mostly on the strength of a nearly 56, 000-vote margin in Montgomery County, Veterans Advisory Committee on Education Improvement Act of 2013 - a bill that would extend through the end of 2015 the Veterans Advisory Committee on Education and change its membership. Partnership to Build America Act of 2013 - a bill that would establish the American Infrastructure Fund, medical Foods Equity Act of 2013 - a bill that would extend coverage of medical foods, vitamins, and amino acids to those with metabolic disorders. Delaney and his wife April have four daughters and his wife is the Washington, D. C. Director for Common Sense Media, an organization dedicated to educating families on social media. Two of his daughters attend Northwestern UniversityJohn Delaney (Maryland politician) – John Delaney
14. Joe Biden – Joseph Robinette Joe Biden Jr. is an American politician who was the 47th Vice President of the United States from 2009 to 2017, having been jointly elected twice with President Barack Obama. A member of the Democratic Party, he represented Delaware as a United States Senator from 1973 until becoming Vice President in 2009, Biden was born in Scranton, Pennsylvania, in 1942, and lived there for ten years before moving to Delaware. He became an attorney in 1969, and was elected to the New Castle County council in 1970 and he was first elected to the Senate in 1972, and became the sixth-youngest senator in U. S. history. He was re-elected to the Senate six times, and was the fourth most senior senator at the time of his resignation to assume the Vice Presidency in 2009 and he was a long-time member and former chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee. He opposed the Gulf War in 1991, but advocated U. S. and he voted in favor of the resolution authorizing the Iraq War in 2002, but opposed the surge of U. S. troops in 2007. He chaired the Judiciary Committee during the contentious U. S. Supreme Court nominations of Robert Bork, Biden unsuccessfully sought the Democratic presidential nomination in 1988 and in 2008, both times dropping out after lacklucster showings. In the 2008 U. S. presidential election, Barack Obama chose Biden to be his mate in the race. He became the first Roman Catholic, and the first Delawarean, in 2011, he opposed going ahead with the military mission that resulted in the death of Osama bin Laden. Obama and Biden were re-elected in 2012, in October 2015, after months of speculation, Biden chose not to run for President of the United States in 2016. On January 12,2017, Obama awarded him the Presidential Medal of Freedom, after leaving office, Biden was named the Benjamin Franklin Presidential Practice professor at the University of Pennsylvania. Biden was born on November 20,1942, at St. Marys Hospital in Scranton, Pennsylvania, to Catherine Eugenia Jean Biden and Joseph Robinette Joe Biden Sr. He was the first of four siblings in a Catholic family, with a sister, Valerie and his mother was of either Irish or Northern Irish descent, with roots variously attributed to County Louth or County Londonderry. His paternal grandparents, Mary Elizabeth and Joseph H. Biden, an oil businessman from Baltimore, Maryland, were of English, French and his paternal great-great-great grandfather, William Biden, was born in Sussex, England, and immigrated to the United States. His maternal great-grandfather, Edward Francis Blewitt, was a member of the Pennsylvania State Senate, Bidens father had been very well-off earlier in his life, but suffered several business reversals by the time his son was born. For several years, the family had to live with Bidens maternal grandparents, when the Scranton area went into economic decline during the 1950s, Bidens father could not find enough work. In 1953, the Biden family moved to an apartment in Claymont, Delaware, Joe Biden Sr. was then more successful as a used car salesman, and the familys circumstances were middle class. He played on the team as well. During these years, he participated in an anti-segregation sit-in at a Wilmington theatre, academically, he was an above-average student, was considered a natural leader among the students, and was elected class president during his junior and senior yearsJoe Biden – Joe Biden
15. Political positions of Joe Biden – Joe Biden served as the Vice President of the United States from 2009 to 2017. He served in the Senate from 1973 until 2009 and made his run for President of the United States in the 2008 presidential election as a Democrat. Biden was announced as Democratic presidential nominee Barack Obamas running mate on August 23,2008 and he opposes marijuana legalization and prefers the reduced military spending proposed in the Obama Administrations fiscal year 2014 budget. The following are more detailed political positions of Joe Biden on an assortment of issues, Biden believes that the decision handed down in Roe v. Wade should remain intact. He is quoted as saying, The best policy for our country on the question of abortion is a policy of Government neutrality. In September 2008, Biden was barred by Joseph Francis Martino and he voted in favor of a 1999 bill to ban in most circumstances partial birth abortion and on 2003 Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act of 2003. Biden has defended these votes as recently as April 2007 and he has also stated his opposition to federal funding of abortions. He has joined with Democrats in voting against parental notification and a ban f abortions on military bases and his abortion record includes a 100% rating from NARAL Pro-Choice America in four of the last five years, although he received a 36% in 2003. Biden pledged that he would appoint Supreme Court justices that share his beliefs and he has also stated his opposition to the Mexico City Policy, and voted in favor of the Freedom of Access to Clinic Entrances Act of 1994. Biden supports federal funding for stem cell research and voted to expand development. He authored the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994, however, he voted against limiting appeals in capital cases and also opposed the rejection of racial statistics in death penalty appeals. Biden wrote the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act, which deployed more police officers, increased prison sentences, Biden favors diverting drug offenders out of the nations prison system. He is ostensibly against making stricter laws for drug offenses, but helped in the creation of a Drug Czar, according to his campaign website, he is for increased penalties against those caught selling drugs within 1000 feet of schools. He was the drafter and chief sponsor of the RAVE Act, a law aimed to crack down on MDMA-fueled raves. Critics assert that the law has since used by agents of the Drug Enforcement Administration to intimidate those organizing rallies. Biden received a 91% voting record from the National Education Association showing a pro-teacher union voting record and he supports abstinence-only sex education, opposes student vouchers, and affirms the Constitutional right to voluntary prayer in school. He voted in favor of Educational Savings Accounts, in regard to the No Child Left Behind Act, Biden stated, Classrooms are too big, we need smaller classrooms, period. A lot of teachers are going to be retiring and we need a program where we attract the best and brightest students coming out of our colleges to be teachers, and pay themPolitical positions of Joe Biden – Joe Biden at Gallaudet University in Washington DC, USA
16. Julian Castro – Julián Castro is an American Democratic politician who served as the 16th United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development under President Barack Obama from 2014 to 2017. Castro served as the mayor of his native San Antonio, Texas and he was mentioned as a possible vice presidential running mate for Hillary Clinton during the 2016 presidential campaign. Julián Castro was born in San Antonio, Texas, the son of Maria Rosie Castro and he is the identical twin brother of current United States Representative Joaquín Castro. His mother was a Chicana political activist who helped establish the Chicano political party La Raza Unida, Castro once stated, My mother is probably the biggest reason that my brother and I are in public service. Growing up, she would take us to a lot of rallies and organizational meetings and other things that are very boring for an 8-, 9- and his father, Jessie Guzman, is a retired mathematics teacher and political activist. Never married, Rosie and Jessie separated when Castro and his brother were eight years old, castros Texan roots trace back to 1920, when his grandmother, Victoria Castro, joined extended family members there as a six-year-old orphan from northern Mexico. In 2007, Castro married Erica Lira, a school teacher. In 2009, their daughter Carina Castro was born, on December 27,2014, Castro announced via Twitter the birth of the couples second child, a son, Cristian Julian Castro. Castro attended Thomas Jefferson High School in San Antonio, where he played football, basketball and tennis and he skipped his sophomore year and graduated in 1992, ranking ninth in his class. He had received an offer to play tennis at Trinity University, a NCAA Division III school in his hometown and he graduated from Stanford in 1996 with a bachelors degree in political science and communications. He said he began thinking about entering politics while at Stanford, Castro has credited affirmative action for his admission into Stanford, telling The New York Times, Joaquín and I got into Stanford because of affirmative action. I scored 1210 on my SATs, which was lower than the median matriculating student, but I did fine in college and in law school. I’m a strong supporter of affirmative action because I’ve seen it work in my own life, between his sophomore and junior years, Castro worked as an intern at the White House during the presidency of Bill Clinton. Castro entered Harvard Law School in 1997 and graduated with a Juris Doctor in 2000 and his brother graduated from both schools with him. After law school, the two worked for the law firm Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld before starting their own firm in 2005. In 2001, Castro was elected to the San Antonio City Council, at age 26 he was the youngest city councilman in San Antonio history, surpassing Henry Cisneros, who won his council seat in 1975 at age 27. Castro represented District 7, a precinct on the city’s west side with 115,000 residents, the population was 70 percent Hispanic and included a large number of senior citizens. As a councilman from 2001 to 2005, he opposed a PGA-approved golf course, Castro ran for Mayor of San Antonio in 2005 and was widely viewed as the front runner in a field that also included retired judge Phil Hardberger and conservative city councilman Carroll SchubertJulian Castro – Julián Castro
17. Stephen Colbert – Stephen Tyrone Colbert is an American comedian, television host, and author. Colbert has hosted The Late Show with Stephen Colbert, a television talk show on CBS. Colbert originally studied to be an actor, but became interested in improvisational theatre while attending Northwestern University. He wrote and performed on the short-lived Dana Carvey Show before collaborating with Sedaris and he gained considerable attention for his role on the latter as closeted gay history teacher Chuck Noblet. His work as a correspondent on Comedy Centrals news-parody series The Daily Show gained him wide recognition, in 2005, he left The Daily Show to host a spin-off series, The Colbert Report. The series became one of Comedy Centrals highest-rated series, earning Colbert an invitation to perform as featured entertainer at the White House Correspondents Association Dinner in 2006, Colbert has won nine Primetime Emmy Awards, two Grammy Awards, and two Peabody Awards. Colbert was named one of Times 100 Most Influential People in 2006 and 2012 and his book, I Am America, was #1 on The New York Times Best Seller list in 2007. Colbert was born in Washington, D. C. the youngest of 11 children in a Catholic family and he grew up on James Island, South Carolina. Colbert and his siblings, in descending order by age, are James, Edward, Mary, William, Margo, Thomas, Jay, Elizabeth, Paul, Peter, stephens mother, Lorna Elizabeth Colbert, was a homemaker. In interviews, Colbert has described his parents as people who also strongly valued intellectualism and taught their children that it was possible to question the church. The emphasis his family placed on intelligence and his observation of negative stereotypes of Southerners led Colbert to train himself to suppress his Southern accent while he was quite young. While Colbert sometimes comedically claims his surname is French, he is of 15/16ths Irish ancestry, many of his ancestors emigrated from Ireland to North America in the 19th century before and during the Great Famine. He offered his children the option to pronounce the name whichever way they preferred, Stephen started using /koʊlˈbɛər/ later in life when he transferred to Northwestern University, taking advantage of the opportunity to reinvent himself in a new place where no one knew him. Ed responded /ˈkoʊlbərt/, to which Stephen jokingly replied, See you in Hell and they were en route to enroll the two boys at Canterbury School in New Milford, Connecticut. Lorna Colbert relocated the family downtown to the urban environment of East Bay Street in Charleston. Colbert found the transition difficult and did not easily make new friends in his new neighborhood, Colbert later described himself during this time as detached, lacking a sense of importance regarding the things with which other children concerned themselves. He developed a love of science fiction and fantasy novels, especially the works of J. R. R. Tolkien, Colbert attended Charlestons Episcopal Porter-Gaud School, where he participated in several school plays and contributed to the school newspaper but was not highly motivated academically. During his adolescence, he briefly fronted A Shot in the Dark, when he was younger, he had hoped to study marine biology, but surgery intended to repair a severely perforated eardrum caused him inner ear damageStephen Colbert – Colbert in 2014
18. John Hickenlooper – John Wright Hickenlooper, Jr. /ˈhɪkənˌluːpər/, is an American politician, and the 42nd and current Governor of Colorado, in office since 2011. He is a member of the Democratic Party, born in Narberth, Pennsylvania, Hickenlooper is a graduate of Wesleyan University. After his career as a geologist, Hickenlooper entered a career in business, Hickenlooper was elected the 43rd mayor of Denver in 2003, serving two terms, until 2011. After incumbent governor Bill Ritter announced that he would not seek reelection, Hickenlooper announced his intentions to run for the Democratic nomination and he was re-elected to a second term in 2014, defeating Republican former U. S. representative Bob Beauprez by 49% to 46%. Hickenlooper was born in Narberth, Pennsylvania, a middle area of the suburban Main Line of Philadelphia. He is the son of Anne and John Wright Hickenlooper and his paternal great-grandfather was Union general Andrew Hickenlooper. He was raised by his mother after his father died when he was young. He graduated from the Haverford School for boys in 1970, going on to attend Wesleyan University, where he received a B. A. in English, in 1974, Hickenlooper worked as a geologist in Colorado for Buckhorn Petroleum, in the early 1980s. With the decline of the oil industry, Hickenlooper was laid off. Instead of moving away, he decided to start the Wynkoop Brewing Company brewpub in 1988, Wynkoop and a few other businesses contributed to the redevelopment of the LoDo area following the arrival of major league baseball to the neighborhood. Previously, the area was known to be dangerous, Hickenlooper is quoted as saying, when it first opened, the rent for Wynkoops real estate was $1 per square foot per year. Hickenloopers first tasks included handling the citys crisis and changing its career personnel system. His cabinet appointees were relatively young, municipal elections in Denver are nonpartisan. Hickenlooper won re-election for the office of mayor, in May 2007, with 88% of the vote. In 2005, he was named by Time as one of the top five big-city mayors in the U. S. Hickenlooper resigned as mayor at 8 am on January 11,2011, on January 11,2011, Hickenlooper was sworn in as the 42nd governor Of Colorado. On December 4,2012, he was elected to serve as chair of the Democratic Governors Association. He currently serves on the Western Governors Association, and served as the chairman of the National Governors Association from July 2014 to July 2015, Hickenlooper has campaigned for increasing homeless services since 2003. He announced a 10 Year Plan to End Homelessness at the U. S, conference of Mayors in Washington, D. CJohn Hickenlooper – John Hickenlooper
19. Eric Holder – Eric Himpton Holder Jr. served as the 82nd Attorney General of the United States, from 2009 to 2015. Holder, serving in the administration of President Barack Obama, is the first African American to hold the position of U. S. Attorney General. Holder previously served as a judge of the Superior Court of the District of Columbia, while U. S. Attorney, he prosecuted Congressman Dan Rostenkowski for corruption charges related to his role in the Congressional Post Office scandal. Later, he was Deputy Attorney General of the United States and worked at the law firm of Covington & Burling in Washington and he was senior legal advisor to Barack Obama during Obamas presidential campaign and one of three members of Obamas vice-presidential selection committee. During the Fast and Furious investigation, he became the cabinet member in U. S. history to be held in contempt of Congress. He was succeeded by Loretta Lynch on April 27,2015, Eric Himpton Holder Jr. was born in the Bronx, New York, to parents with roots in Barbados. Holders father, Eric Himpton Holder, Sr. was born in Saint Joseph, Barbados and he later became a real estate broker. His mother, Miriam, was born in New Jersey, while his grandparents were immigrants from Saint Philip. Holder grew up in East Elmhurst, Queens, and attended school until the age of 10. When entering the 4th grade he was selected to participate in a program for gifted students. In 1969, he graduated from Stuyvesant High School in Manhattan and attended Columbia University and he earned a B. A. degree in American history in 1973. Holder received his J. D. from Columbia Law School and he worked for the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund during his first summer and the United States Attorney during his second summer. In 1969, while a freshman at Columbia, Holder was one of several students who staged an occupation of the Reserve Officers Training Corps office. After graduating from Columbia Law School, Holder joined the U. S. Justice Departments new Public Integrity Section, during his time there, he assisted in the prosecution of Democratic Congressman John Jenrette for bribery discovered in the Abscam sting operation. In 1988, Ronald Reagan appointed Holder to serve as a judge of the Superior Court of the District of Columbia, Holder stepped down from the bench in 1993 to accept an appointment as United States Attorney for the District of Columbia from President Bill Clinton. He was the first black American U. S. Attorney in that office, at the beginning of his tenure, he oversaw the conclusion of the corruption case against Dan Rostenkowski, part of the Congressional Post Office scandal. He was a U. S. Attorney until his elevation to Deputy Attorney General in 1997, Holder also served on The George Washington Universitys Board of Trustees in 1996 and 1997. In 1997, after the retirement of Jamie Gorelick, Clinton nominated Holder to be the Deputy Attorney General under Janet Reno, Holder was confirmed several months later in the Senate by a unanimous voteEric Holder – Eric Holder
20. Terry McAuliffe – Terence Richard Terry McAuliffe is an American politician and former businessman, who is currently serving as the 72nd Governor of Virginia. McAuliffe was previously a candidate for the Democratic nomination in the 2009 gubernatorial election. In the 2013 gubernatorial election, he ran unopposed in the Democratic primary and he defeated Republican Ken Cuccinelli and Libertarian Robert Sarvis in the general election, collecting 47. 8% of the vote, Cuccinelli garnered 45. 2% and Sarvis received 6. 5%. McAuliffe assumed office on January 11,2014, McAuliffe was born and raised in Syracuse, New York, the son of Mildred Katherine Lonergan and Jack McAuliffe. His father was an estate agent and local Democratic politician. The family is of Irish Catholic descent and he graduated from Bishop Ludden Junior/Senior High School in 1975. In 1979, he earned a degree from The Catholic University of America where he served as a resident adviser. After graduating, McAuliffe worked at President Jimmy Carters re-election campaign, following the campaign, McAuliffe enrolled at the Georgetown University Law Center, and received his juris doctor degree in 1984. At age of 14, McAuliffe started his first business, McAuliffe Driveway Maintenance, sealing driveways, according to The Washington Post, McAuliffe has earned millions as a banker, real estate developer, home builder, hotel owner, and internet venture capitalist. In 1985, McAuliffe helped found the Federal City National Bank, in January 1988, when McAuliffe was thirty years old, the banks board elected McAuliffe as chairman, making him the youngest chairman in the United States Federal Reserve Banks charter association. In 1991, McAuliffe negotiated a merger with Credit International Bank, McAuliffe became the vice-chairman of the newly merged bank. Shareholders questioned if he was special treatment, Chairman Richard V. Allen denied the allegation. In 1979, McAuliffe had met Richard Swann, a lawyer who was in charge of fundraising for Jimmy Carters presidential campaign in Florida, in 1988, McAuliffe married Swanns daughter, Dorothy. McAuliffe invested $800,000 in Swanns American Pioneer Savings Bank, the Resolution Trust Corporation, a federal agency, took over American Pioneers assets and liabilities. Under Swanns guidance, McAuliffe purchased some of American Pioneers real estate from the Resolution Trust Corporation, McAuliffes equal partner in the deal was a pension fund controlled by the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers and the National Electrical Contractors Association. They purchased real estate, valued at $50 million, for $38.7 million, the deal was arranged by Jack Moore, a NECA trustee, and acquaintance of McAuliffe. Next, McAuliffe acquired a distressed house-building company, American Heritage Homes, McAuliffe served as chairman of American Heritage along with CEO Carl H. Linder. The Florida-based company came out of distress under a plan in which it built 800 homes a year, in 1997, McAuliffe invested $100,000 in Global Crossing, a Bermuda-registered telecommunications companyTerry McAuliffe – Terry McAuliffe
21. Adam Schiff – Adam Bennett Schiff is the U. S. Representative for Californias 28th congressional district and he has served in Congress since 2001. He is a member of the Democratic Party, Schiff has become an influential voice for his party in the House of Representatives on foreign policy and national security issues. He serves as Ranking Member of the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence and he is currently on leave from the House Appropriations Committee which he joined in 2007. He previously served on the United States House Foreign Affairs Committee, Schiff was born in Framingham, Massachusetts, son of Edward and Sherrill Ann Schiff. He was raised in a Jewish family, and moved to Danville, California and he received a political science degree from Stanford University and a J. D. degree from Harvard Law School. After receiving his JD from Harvard, Schiff began working as a prosecutor in the Los Angeles branch of the U. S. Attorneys Office. The first time Miller was tried, it resulted in a jury, the second time, it resulted in a conviction overturned on appeal. Schiff was elected to the California State Senate in 1996, after two unsuccessful attempts and he chaired that bodys judiciary committee during his one term. During his tenure in the senate, Schiff authored Senate Bill 1847. Schiff is currently serving his term in Congress. Schiff has been a voice in Armenian-American issues, he claims to have over 70,000 Armenian-Americans in his district. He has strongly pushed for signing of the US House Resolution 106 recognizing the Armenian Genocide, on October 11,2007, the resolution sponsored by Schiff was approved by the House Foreign Affairs Committee. Turkeys prime minister said that approval of the resolution would endanger U. S. -Turkey relations, the resolution was again approved by the House Foreign Affairs Committee on March 4,2010 by a 23-22 margin. He continues to reintroduce the resolution each subsequent Congress, the FAA has announced that they will create a county-wide helicopter noise public complaint system, the first step towards regulation. Schiff has been a prominent supporter of reforms, especially in the wake of the leaks of classified intelligence by Edward Snowden. In 2007, in response to disclosure of the Terrorist Surveillance Program, Schiff, in January 2014, Schiff introduced the Telephone Metadata Reform Act, which would prohibit the bulk collection of domestic phone records. Schiff was appointed to the House Select Committee on Benghazi in 2014 by Nancy Pelosi to serve as one of the five Democrats on the Committee, the reports findings were unanimous and bipartisanAdam Schiff – Adam Schiff
22. Cory Booker – Cory Anthony Booker is an American politician and the junior United States Senator from New Jersey, in office since 2013. Previously he served as mayor of Newark from 2006 to 2013, upon returning home, he received his Juris Doctor from Yale Law School. Booker began his career as a Newark city councilor from 1998 to 2002. He ran for mayor in 2002, but lost to incumbent Sharpe James, he ran again in 2006, during his tenure as mayor, Bookers priorities were reducing crime and encouraging economic development projects. He gained a reputation for his personal involvement in public service. Considered one of the most prominent Democrats in New Jersey, he became a candidate for the United States Senate in the 2013 special election to succeed Frank Lautenberg, who died in office. He won the Senate Democratic primary on August 13,2013, Booker subsequently won the next regular election for the Senate seat against Jeff Bell in 2014. Booker was born on April 27,1969, in Washington, D. C. and grew up in Harrington Park, New Jersey,20 miles north of Newark and his parents, Carolyn Rose and Cary Alfred Booker, were among the first black executives at IBM. Booker has stated that he was raised in a household. One of Bookers maternal great-grandfathers was white, and Booker also has other European, Booker graduated from Northern Valley Regional High School at Old Tappan, where he played varsity football and was named to the 1986 USA Today All-USA high school football team. Booker went on to Stanford University, receiving a Bachelor of Arts in political science in 1991 and a Master of Arts in sociology the following year. While at Stanford, he played football as an end and was teammates with Brad Muster and Ed McCaffrey. In addition, Booker ran The Bridge Peer Counseling Center, a crisis hotline. After Stanford, Booker was awarded a Rhodes Scholarship to study at the University of Oxford and he earned his Juris Doctor in 1997 from Yale Law School, where he operated free legal clinics for low-income residents of New Haven, Connecticut. At Yale, Booker was a member of the Chai Society, was a Big Brother with Big Brothers Big Sisters of America. Contemplating advocacy work and a run for city council in Newark after graduation from law school, after graduation, he served as staff attorney for the Urban Justice Center in New York and program coordinator of the Newark Youth Project. In 1998, Booker won a victory for a seat on the Newark City Council. Booker proposed council initiatives that impacted housing, young people, law and order, and the efficiency and transparency of city hall, but was regularly outvoted by all of his fellow councilorsCory Booker – Cory Booker
23. Jerry Brown – Edmund Gerald Jerry Brown Jr. is an American politician and lawyer who has served as the 39th Governor of California since 2011. A member of the Democratic Party, Brown previously served as the 34th governor from 1975 to 1983, as the only son of Edmund G. Pat Brown Sr. Elected governor in 1974 at age 36, Brown was the youngest California governor in 111 years, Brown was re-elected governor in 1978, and ran against fellow Democrat and incumbent President Jimmy Carter in the 1980 primaries. While challengers to incumbent presidents seldom gain traction, the challenge by Senator Ted Kennedy of Massachusetts did, Brown declined to run for a third term in 1982, instead running for the United States Senate in 1982. However, Brown was defeated by Republican Pete Wilson, and many considered his career to be over. After traveling abroad, Brown returned to California and served as Chairman of the California Democratic Party, after six years out of politics, Brown returned to public life, serving as Mayor of Oakland, and then Attorney General of California. Brown decided to run for another term as governor in 2010, the law limited a governor to two terms, however, the four living governors when the law was passed remained eligible. Brown defeated Meg Whitman in 2010 to become the 39th governor in 2011, on October 7,2013, he became the governor in California history. Brown was re-elected in 2014, with sixty percent of the vote, as a consequence of the 28-year gap between his second and third terms, Brown has been both the sixth-youngest California governor, and the oldest California governor in history. Browns father was of half-Irish and half-German descent, Browns great-grandfather August Schuckman, a German immigrant, settled in California in 1852 during the California Gold Rush. Brown was a member of the California Cadet Corps at St. Ignatius High School, in 1955, Brown entered Santa Clara University for a year, and left to attend Sacred Heart Novitiate, a Jesuit novice house, intent on becoming a Catholic priest. Brown left the novitiate after three years, enrolling at the University of California, Berkeley in 1960, where he graduated with a Bachelor of Arts in Classics in 1961, Brown went on to Yale Law School and graduated with a Bachelor of Laws in 1964. After law school, Brown worked as a law clerk for California Supreme Court Justice Mathew Tobriner, returning to California, Brown took the state bar exam and passed on his second attempt. He then settled in Los Angeles and joined the law firm of Tuttle & Taylor, in 1969, Brown ran for the newly created Los Angeles Community College Board of Trustees, which oversaw community colleges in the city, and placed first in a field of 124. In 1970, Brown was elected California Secretary of State, Brown argued before the California Supreme Court and won cases against Standard Oil of California, International Telephone and Telegraph, Gulf Oil, and Mobil for election law violations. In addition, he forced legislators to comply with campaign disclosure laws, while holding this office, he discovered the use of falsely notarized documents by then-President Richard Nixon to fraudulently earn a tax deduction for donation of his pre-presidential papers. Brown also drafted and helped to pass the California Political Reform Act of 1974, Proposition 9, among other provisions, it established the California Fair Political Practices Commission. Brown won the primary with the recognition of his father, Pat BrownJerry Brown – Jerry Brown
24. Steve Bullock (Montana politician) – Stephen Clark Bullock is an American politician who is the 24th and current Governor of Montana, serving since 2013. He is a member of the Democratic Party, born in Missoula, Montana, Bullock is a graduate of Claremont McKenna College and Columbia Law School. Bullock then entered practice as an attorney for Steptoe & Johnson. He was also a professor at the George Washington University Law School before opening his own private law firm upon returning to Montana. In 2008, Bullock was elected Attorney General of Montana, where he served one term from 2009 to 2013, after incumbent Governor Brian Schweitzer was term-limited, Bullock declared his candidacy for the Governorship on September 7,2011. He won with 87% of the vote in the Democratic primary election, Representative Rick Hill, in the general election, with 48% of the vote. In the gubernatorial election of 2016, Bullock won re-election with 50. 2% of the vote and he has been mentioned as a possible candidate for President of the United States in the 2020 U. S. presidential election. Bullock was born in Missoula, Montana and raised in Helena and he is the son of Penny, a school board trustee, and Mike Bullock, a teacher and administrator. He graduated from Helena High School in 1984 and he received his undergraduate degree from Claremont McKenna College and his law degree with honors from Columbia Law School in New York. Bullock served as legal counsel to Montana Secretary of State Mike Cooney. He went on to work for four years with the Montana Department of Justice under Attorney General Joe Mazurek, first as assistant attorney general. During this time, he served as legislative director, coordinating the Attorney Generals legislative efforts. As an Assistant Attorney General, Bullock wrote the opinion that guaranteed public access to streams. From 2001 to 2004, Bullock practiced law with the Washington, while there, he also served as an adjunct professor at George Washington University Law School. He ran successfully for Attorney General in 2008, Bullock was the Democratic nominee for Attorney General in 2008, defeating two other candidates in the primary election in June. Bullock then went on to win the general election race with 52. 64% of the vote against Republican Tim Fox. Bullock received 245,669 votes, more than either presidential candidate, Bullock pushed for tougher drunken driving laws and a crackdown on prescription drug abuse. He introduced the 24/7 Sobriety Program for repeat DUI offenders statewide and this program requires repeat drunk drivers to take breath tests twice a daySteve Bullock (Montana politician) – Steve Bullock
25. Lincoln Chafee – Lincoln Davenport Chafee is an American politician from Rhode Island. He served as mayor of Warwick from 1993 to 1999, as a United States Senator from 1999 to 2007 and he is a member of the Democratic Party, having previously been a Republican until 2007. The son of Republican politician John Chafee, who served as the 66th Governor of Rhode Island, the United States Secretary of the Navy, Senator from Rhode Island, Lincoln Chafees first elected office was as a member of the Warwick City Council in 1985. Chafees tenure in the United States Senate was characterized by his support for fiscal and social policies that often opposed those promoted by the Republican Party and he was defeated in his 2006 reelection bid by Democrat Sheldon Whitehouse. In 2015, he sought nomination to be the Democratic candidate in the 2016 presidential election, Lincoln Davenport Chafee was born on March 26,1953 in Providence, Rhode Island, the son of Virginia and John Chafee. Chafees great-great-grandfather, Henry Lippitt, was Governor of Rhode Island, among his great-great-uncles are Rhode Island Governor Charles Warren Lippitt and United States Senator Henry Frederick Lippitt. His great-uncle, Zechariah Chafee, was a Harvard law professor, the Chafee family was among the earliest settlers of Hingham, Massachusetts, before moving south to Rhode Island. On his mothers side, his great-grandfather, George de Forest Brush, was a painter in the American Renaissance. He attended public schools in Warwick, Rhode Island, Providence Country Day School, at Brown University, Chafee captained the wrestling team, and in 1975 earned a Bachelor of Arts in Classics. He then attended the Montana State University Farrier School in Bozeman, for the next seven years, he worked as a farrier at harness racetracks in the United States and Canada. One of the horses he shod, Overburden, set the record at Northlands Park in Edmonton. In describing how his time as a farrier affected him, Chafee stated that when you’re around horses, Chafee entered politics in 1985, when he was elected over eight other candidates to become delegate to the Rhode Island Constitutional Convention. A year later he was elected to the Warwick City Council, defeating an incumbent and he ran for Warwick Mayor in 1990, losing by 5 percent in a three-way race. He conservatively managed the City’s finances, strengthening the bond rating and paying down the outstanding pension liability. He worked effectively and cooperatively with the unions, especially in settling a difficult. As mayor, Chafee made conservation, environmental protection and wise growth a priority and he purchased 130 acres of open space, planted hundreds of street trees, and created new historic districts and a new economic development intermodal district at the state airport. His municipal composting and recycling initiatives dramatically decreased landfill waste, after his father announced he would not seek re-election in 2000, Lincoln Chafee announced he would run for the seat. When John Chafee died suddenly in October 1999, Governor Lincoln Almond appointed the younger Chafee to serve out the term, in the general election he faced the Democratic nominee, then-U. SLincoln Chafee – Lincoln Chafee
26. Bill de Blasio – Bill de Blasio is an American politician who is the 109th and current mayor of New York City. From 2010 to 2013, he was New York Citys public advocate, De Blasio, the Democratic Party nominee for mayor of New York City in the 2013 election, defeated Republican Joe Lhota with more than 73 percent of the vote. De Blasio is the first Democratic mayor of the city since David Dinkins and he ran for mayor promising to end stop and frisk and improve relations between the New York City Police Department and many New Yorkers, especially African Americans and Hispanics. He initiated new de-escalation training for officers, reduced prosecutions for cannabis possession, De Blasio ran for mayor touting himself as a populist concerned with the stark level of economic inequality in New York City, which he called the tale of two cities. Towards that end, he passed free universal Pre-K in the city and he also advocated for the Rent Act of 2015, which created an unprecedented rent freeze citywide for rent-stabilized apartments. De Blasio proposed a plan to boost the supply of affordable housing in the city. His plan would allow developers to gain favorable zoning ordinances and build taller buildings in exchange for constructing affordable units, De Blasio was born Warren Wilhelm Jr. in the borough of Manhattan. He is the son of Maria and Warren Wilhelm. De Blasio was raised in Cambridge, Massachusetts and his mother graduated from Smith College in 1938. She served in the Office of War Information during World War II and was the author of the book, The Other Italy and his father graduated Phi Beta Kappa from Yale University. His mother was 44 years old when he was born, and his paternal grandfather, author Donald Wilhelm, graduated from Harvard University. He was baptized as a Roman Catholic, but was never confirmed, when asked about his views on religion at a campaign rally in the Bronx in November 2013, De Blasio described himself as spiritual, but unaffiliated. De Blasio stated that when he was 7 years old, his father left home, in a 2012 interview, de Blasio described his upbringing, was an officer in the Pacific in the Army in an extraordinary number of very, very difficult, horrible battles, including Okinawa. And I think honestly, as we now know about veterans who return, was going through physically and mentally a lot. He was an alcoholic, and my mother and father broke up early on in the time I came along. In September 2013, de Blasio revealed that his father had committed suicide in 1979 while suffering from lung cancer. He eventually adopted his mothers name of de Blasio because his father was largely absent. By the time he appeared on the stage in 1990, he was using the name Bill de BlasioBill de Blasio – His Honor Bill de Blasio
27. John Bel Edwards – John Bel Edwards is an American politician and lawyer who is the 56th and current Governor of Louisiana, in office since January 11,2016. He was previously the Minority Leader of the Louisiana House of Representatives and he left the state legislature to run for governor in 2015. A member of the Democratic Party, he defeated Republican U. S, Senator David Vitter in the second round of the 2015 election. He is a United States Army veteran, having served with the 82nd Airborne Division. Edwards was born and raised in Amite, Louisiana, the son of Dora Jean Miller and Tangipahoa Parish Sheriff Frank M. Edwards, Edwards graduated from Amite High School in 1984 as valedictorian. Edwards completed Airborne School in 1986, while he was a student at West Point, after receiving his commission, he completed the Infantry Officer Basic Course at Fort Benning, Ranger School, and the Infantry Officer Advanced Course. He ended his career to return to Louisiana because of family considerations. Edwards earned a law degree from the Louisiana State Universitys Paul M. Hebert Law Center in 1999, as an attorney, Edwards handled a variety of cases, though he did not practice criminal law because of his brothers status as the local sheriff. Edwards is a conservative Democrat who is pro-life and pro-gun rights, in 2008, Edwards ran for a seat in the Louisiana House of Representatives. Edwards was forced into a general election run-off with fellow attorney George Tucker, Edwards was overwhelmingly elected, winning every parish in the district. Edwards was the only freshman lawmaker to chair a committee in the legislature, Edwards chaired the Veterans Affairs Committee in the House. Edwards was also selected as chairman of the Democratic house caucus, in 2011, Edwards was re-elected to the Louisiana House of Representatives, having defeated opponent Johnny Duncan,83 to 17 percent. Edwards served as chairman of the Louisiana House Democratic Caucus, making him the Louisiana House Minority Leader, cities/towns that Edwards represented included Amite, Greensburg, and Kentwood as well as part of Hammond. On February 21,2013, Edwards announced that he would run for governor in 2015 and he said that his state needs a healthy dose of common sense and compassion for ordinary people. The only major Democrat in the race, Edwards polled first in the blanket primary with 444,517 votes, followed by Vitter. In third place was Louisiana Public Service Commissioner Scott Angelle of Breaux Bridge, dardenne made his announcement at Free Speech Alley in front of the LSU Student Union building in Baton Rouge. Edwards was a delegate for Obama at the 2012 Democratic National Convention, Edwards supported Hillary Clinton in the 2016 presidential election. A statewide poll prior to the primary showed Edwards with a nine-point lead over Vitter, the JMC Analytics survey placed Edwards at 28 percent, instead of the actual 40 percent, and Vitter with 19 percent, rather than his actual 23 percentJohn Bel Edwards – John Bel Edwards
28. Tulsi Gabbard – Tulsi Gabbard is an American politician and member of the Democratic Party who has been the United States Representative for Hawaiis 2nd congressional district since 2013. She was also a vice-chair of the Democratic National Committee until February 28,2016, elected in 2012, she is the first American Samoan and the first Hindu member of the United States Congress. She served in a zone in Iraq. Gabbard served in the Hawaii House of Representatives from 2002 to 2004, Gabbard supports abortion rights, opposed the Trans-Pacific Partnership, has called for a restoration of the Glass–Steagall Act, and has been in favor of same-sex marriage since 2012. Tulsi Gabbard was born on April 12,1981, in Leloaloa, American Samoa and her father, Mike Gabbard, was born in Fagatogo, American Samoa, and became a naturalized citizen at age one. Her mother, Carol Gabbard, was born in Decatur, Indiana, in 1983, when Gabbard was two years old, her family moved to Hawaii. Her mother is of European descent and a practicing Hindu, Tulsi fully embraced Hinduism as a teenager. Her siblings names are Bhakti, Jai, Narayan, and Vrindavan, Gabbard was home-schooled through high school except for two years at a girls-only missionary academy in the Philippines. She graduated from Hawaii Pacific University with a Bachelor of Science degree in Business Administration in 2009 and she returned from a deployment to Iraq in 2006 and worked for U. S. Senator Daniel Akaka, then volunteered for deployment to the Middle East in 2009. After returning to Hawaii, she was elected to the Honolulu City Council, in 2012, she ran for the open 2nd Congressional District seat and won the primary with 55% of the vote in an upset over former Honolulu Mayor Mufi Hannemann. She won the election with 81% of the vote. In the House of Representatives, Gabbard serves on the Armed Services and she is also a military police officer with the Hawaii Army National Guard. In 2002, after redistricting, Gabbard ran to represent the 42nd House District of the Hawaii House of Representatives and she won the four-candidate Democratic primary with a plurality of 48% of the vote over Rida Cabanilla, Dolfo Ramos, and Gerald Vidal. Gabbard then defeated Republican Alfonso Jimenez in the election, 65%–35%. In 2004, Gabbard filed for reelection, but then volunteered for Army National Guard service in Iraq, Cabanilla, who filed for a rematch, called on the incumbent to resign because she would not be able to represent her district from Iraq. Gabbard thus decided not to campaign for a term, and Cabanilla won the Democratic primary. In 2002, at the age of 21, Gabbard became the youngest legislator ever elected in Hawaiis history and she represented the Oahu 42nd District, which covers Waipahu, Honouliuli, and Ewa BeachTulsi Gabbard – Tulsi Gabbard
29. Eric Garcetti – Eric Michael Garcetti is the current mayor of Los Angeles. A member of the Democratic Party, he was first elected mayor in 2013, a former member of the Los Angeles City Council, Garcetti served as council president from 2006 to 2012. Garcetti is the citys first elected Jewish mayor, as well as its youngest, in 2015, Garcetti became the first mayor of a major American city to sign a $15 minimum wage law, which began to gradually take effect beginning in 2016. Garcetti was born at Good Samaritan Hospital in Los Angeles and was raised in Encino, Garcetti is the son of Sukey and the former Los Angeles County district attorney Gil Garcetti. His paternal grandmother, Juanita Iberri, was born in Arizona, one of 19 children born to an emigrant father from Sonora, Mexico and a born in Arizona to an Irish father. His maternal grandfather, Harry Roth, founded and ran the clothing brand Louis Roth Clothes and it has also been reported that Garcettis family is of Litvak descent. Eric Garcetti attended elementary school at UCLA Lab School, and middle school and he majored in political science and urban planning and received a B. A. from Columbia University in 1992 as a John Jay Scholar. He studied as a Rhodes Scholar at The Queens College, Oxford and also studied for a PhD in ethnicity and his academic work focused on ethnic conflict and nationalism and he has lived and studied in Southeast Asia and Northeast Africa. He has published articles and chapters of books on post-conflict societies, Eritrean nationalism and he served on the California Board of Human Rights Watch. Garcetti was elected to the Los Angeles City Council in 2001 and he succeeded Alex Padilla as President of the City Council on January 1,2006 and was re-elected as President at the beginning of the Councils subsequent terms in 2007 and 2009. Garcetti declared his candidacy for mayor of Los Angeles on September 8,2011, on January 30,2013, the Los Angeles Teachers Union voted to endorse Garcetti in the primary election. Garcetti supported recent expansions of the Los Angeles Police Department and the re-implementation of the Senior Lead Officer Program, crime has fallen in his district by more than forty percent since 2001. In 2004, Garcetti authored Proposition O, a county stormwater bond which sought to clean the citys waterways, voters approved the bond with just over 76% of the vote making it the largest clean water bond in the country. In 2005, Garcetti helped found the Los Angeles Neighborhood Land Trust and he supported changes in the citys landscape ordinance and plumbing codes to promote water conservation. A longtime electric car driver, he appeared as a proponent of electric cars in the 2006 documentary Who Killed the Electric Car. In July 2010, Garcetti, then President of the Los Angeles City Council, led the weakening of a 2009 lawn watering ordinance, allowing watering three days per week rather than two. An LA Times editorial called the City Councils weakening of the watering ordinance a death knell for one of the best collective environmental efforts made by the citizens of Los Angeles. At times, Garcetti has come under scrutiny for developments that unexpectedly demolish and built over culturalEric Garcetti – His Honor Eric Garcetti
30. Kamala Harris – Kamala Devi Harris is an American attorney and politician who is the junior United States Senator from California. She is a member of the Democratic Party and served as the 32nd Attorney General of California, Harris graduated from Howard University and University of California, Hastings College of the Law. She worked as a Deputy District Attorney in Alameda County, California, in 2003, she was elected District Attorney of San Francisco, defeating incumbent Terence Hallinan. She was re-elected in 2007 and served from 2004 to 2011, Harris was elected Californias Attorney General in 2010 and re-elected in 2014. Harris was the first woman, the first Jamaican American, the first Asian American, Harris was born in Oakland, California. She has one sister, Maya, a lawyer and public policy advocate, who later married Tony West. The family moved to Berkeley, California where both of Kamalas parents attended graduate school and they also introduced their daughter to civil rights protests, which were common during that time in Berkeley. Kamalas parents divorced when she was young, Shyamala continued to raise her daughters in Berkeley, where the family lived in a black neighborhood and the girls sang in a Baptist choir. Her mother eventually moved the family to Montreal, Quebec, Canada, after graduating from Montreals Westmount High School in Quebec, Harris attended Howard University in Washington, D. C. where she majored in political science and economics. At Howard, Harris was elected to the liberal arts student council as freshman class representative, a member of the debate team, Harris then returned to California, earning her Juris Doctor from University of California, Hastings College of the Law in 1989. Harris failed the California bar exam her first time, later observing and she was admitted to the State Bar of California in 1990. Harris served as a Deputy District Attorney in Alameda County, California, Harris says she sought a career in law enforcement because she wanted to be at the table where decisions are made. After 1998, she became Managing Attorney of the Career Criminal Unit in the San Francisco District Attorneys Office. In 2000, San Francisco City Attorney Louise Renne recruited Harris to join her office, where she was Chief of the Community and Neighborhood Division, which oversees civil code enforcement matters. After the Fajitagate scandal, Harris defeated two-term incumbent Terence Hallinan in the 2003 election to become District Attorney of the City and County of San Francisco, in April 2004, San Francisco Police Department Officer Isaac Espinoza was shot and killed in the line of duty. Three days later D. A. Harris announced she would not seek the death penalty, during Officer Espinozas funeral at St. Marys Cathedral U. S. Harris still refused. Officer Espinozas killer was convicted of the murder and sentenced to life in prison, as D. A. Harris started a program that gives first-time drug dealers the chance to earn a high-school diploma and find employment. Over eight years the program has produced fewer than 300 graduates and she was re-elected when she ran unopposed, in 2007Kamala Harris – Kamala Harris
31. Jason Kander – Jason Kander is an American lawyer and politician. A member of the Democratic Party, he was elected Secretary of State of Missouri in 2012 and he previously served as a state representative. He was an officer in the Army National Guard, achieving the rank of Captain. He was the Democratic nominee for the United States Senate, narrowly losing the 2016 Senate election to Republican incumbent Roy Blunt, Kander is also the founder of an organization called Let America Vote, a campaign dedicated to ending voter suppression and gerrymandering. Kander was born on May 4,1981, in Overland Park, Kansas and he was raised in a Jewish household. He graduated from Bishop Miege High School in 1999, and attended American University, after 9/11, he enlisted in the Army National Guard. While earning his law degree at Georgetown University, he earned his commission through the Universitys ROTC battalion, after completing his law degree, he volunteered for a tour in Afghanistan, where he served as a lieutenant. When he returned home, Kander took a position as an instructor at the Missouri Army National Guards Officer Candidate School at Fort Leonard Wood. In 2010, Kander was named one of 10 finalists for the Army Reserve Associations Maj. Gen. Strom Thurmond Outstanding Junior Officer of the Year Award and he was discharged honorably at the rank of Captain in 2011. Kander was elected to the Missouri House of Representatives in 2008, in 2010, Kander worked with Republican State Representative Tim Flook to pass the first major ethics reform bill in Missouri since 1991. In 2010, he ran for re-election to his State Representative seat, during his time in the Missouri House, Kander was the chief sponsor of 28 bills, none of which became law. Kander announced his candidacy for the Missouri Secretary of State after Robin Carnahan announced she would not seek reelection, Kander defeated MD Rabbi Alam in the primary election, winning the Democratic nomination. In the general election, Kander faced the Speaker Pro Tempore of the Missouri House, as of the October Quarterly Report, Kander had $1,075,000 on hand while Schoeller had $297,450 to spend for the rest of the election. On November 6,2012, Kander narrowly defeated Schoeller and was elected Missouri Secretary of State, in 2009, Kander signed a Progressive State Network letter calling on President Obama and the Democrat-led Congress to include a public option in the Affordable Care Act. Despite the lack of an option, Kander supports retaining the Affordable Care Act. In 2009, Kander voted against a bill that would extend the Castle Doctrine to renters, the doctrine allows a homeowner to use deadly force against a perceived intruder. The NRA has given Kander a 7% rating, Kander has also cited overturning Citizens United v. FEC as a political priority. On February 19,2015, Kander entered the race to represent Missouri in the United States Senate against Roy Blunt and he won the Democratic primary against three other candidates on August 2,2016Jason Kander – Jason Kander
32. Caroline Kennedy – Caroline Bouvier Kennedy is an American author, attorney, and diplomat who served as the United States Ambassador to Japan from 2013 to 2017. She is a prominent member of the Kennedy family and the surviving child of President John F. Kennedy. The following year, Caroline, her mother, and brother settled on the Upper East Side of Manhattan, Kennedy graduated from Radcliffe College and worked at Manhattans Metropolitan Museum of Art, where she met her future husband, exhibit designer Edwin Schlossberg. She went on to receive a J. D. degree from Columbia Law School, most of Kennedys professional life has spanned law and politics, as well as education reform and charitable work. She has also acted as a spokesperson for her familys legacy, congresswoman Kirsten Gillibrand ultimately replaced Clinton as the junior New York Senator. In 2013, President Obama appointed her as ambassador to Japan, Caroline Bouvier Kennedy was born on November 27,1957, at New York Hospital-Cornell Medical Center in Manhattan to John Fitzgerald Kennedy and Jacqueline Lee Bouvier Kennedy. A year before Carolines birth, her parents had a daughter named Arabella. Caroline had two brothers, John Jr. who was born just before her third birthday, and Patrick. Caroline lived with her parents in Georgetown, Washington, D. C. during the first three years of her life, when Caroline was three years old, the family moved to the White House when her father was sworn in as President of the United States. Caroline frequently attended kindergarten in classes that were organized by her mother, one such photo in a news article inspired singer-songwriter Neil Diamond to write his Top Ten hit song, Sweet Caroline—which he revealed when he performed it for her 50th birthday. As a small child, Caroline received numerous gifts from dignitaries, including a puppy from Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev, historians described Carolines childhood personality as a trifle remote and a bit shy at times yet remarkably unspoiled. Shes too young to realize all these luxuries, her grandmother, Rose Kennedy. She probably thinks its natural for children to go off in their own airplanes, but she is with her cousins, and some of them dance and swim better than she. They do not allow her to take special precedence and that evening, the children were brought back to the White House, and while Caroline was in her bed, Shaw broke the news to her. Shaw soon found out that Jacqueline had wanted to be the one to tell the children, on December 6, two weeks after the assassination, Jacqueline and the children moved out of the White House, back to Georgetown. Their new home became a popular tourist attraction and they moved from Washington to a penthouse apartment at 1040 Fifth Avenue on the Upper East Side of Manhattan the following year. In 1967, Caroline christened the U. S. Navy aircraft carrier USS John F. Kennedy in a widely publicized ceremony in Newport News, Virginia. Over that summer, Jacqueline took the children on a sentimental journey to IrelandCaroline Kennedy – Caroline Kennedy
33. John Kerry – John Forbes Kerry is an American politician who served as the 68th United States Secretary of State from 2013 to 2017. A Democrat, he previously served Massachusetts in the United States Senate from 1985 to 2013 and he was the Democratic nominee in the 2004 presidential election, losing narrowly to Republican incumbent George W. Bush. Kerry was born in Aurora, Colorado and attended boarding school in Massachusetts and he graduated from Yale University in 1966 with a major in political science. Kerry enlisted in the Naval Reserve in 1966, and between 1968 and 1969, he served an abbreviated four-month tour of duty in South Vietnam as officer-in-charge of a Swift Boat. For that service, he was awarded combat medals that include the Silver Star Medal, Bronze Star Medal and he appeared in the Fulbright Hearings before the Senate Committee on Foreign Affairs where he deemed United States war policy in Vietnam to be the cause of war crimes. After receiving a J. D. from Boston College Law School and he served as Lieutenant Governor under Michael Dukakis from 1983 to 1985 and was elected to the U. S. Senate in 1984 and was sworn in the following January. On the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, he led a series of hearings from 1987 to 1989 which were a precursor to the Iran–Contra affair, Kerry was re-elected to additional terms in 1990,1996,2002, and 2008. In his 2004 presidential campaign, Kerry criticized George W. Bush for the Iraq War and he and his running mate, North Carolina Senator John Edwards, lost the election, finishing 35 electoral votes behind Bush and Vice President Dick Cheney. Kerry returned to the Senate, becoming Chairman of the Senate Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship in 2007 and then of the Foreign Relations Committee in 2009. In January 2013, Kerry was nominated by President Barack Obama to succeed outgoing Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and then confirmed by the U. S. Senate, John Forbes Kerry was born on December 11,1943, in Aurora, Colorado, at Fitzsimons Army Hospital. He is the second of four born to Richard John Kerry, a Foreign Service officer and lawyer, and Rosemary Isabel Forbes. His father was raised Catholic and his mother was Episcopalian and he was raised with an elder sister named Margaret, a younger sister named Diana and a younger brother named Cameron. The children were raised in their fathers faith, John Kerry served as an altar boy, Kerry grew up a military brat until his father was discharged from the Army Air Corps, causing the family to settle in Washington, D. C. in 1949. While in Washington, Richard took a spot in the Department of the Navys Office of General Counsel and his extended maternal family enjoyed great wealth as members of the Forbes and Dudley–Winthrop families. Kerrys parents themselves were upper-middle class, and a great aunt paid for him to attend elite boarding schools. In 1957, his father was stationed at the U. S. Embassy in Oslo, Norway, and Kerry was sent back to the United States to attend boarding school. He first attended the Fessenden School in Newton, Massachusetts, and later St. Pauls, Concord, New Hampshire, Kerry founded the John Winant Society at St. Pauls to debate the issues of the day, the Society still exists there. In 1962, Kerry entered Yale University, majoring in political science and he graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1966John Kerry – John Kerry
34. Amy Klobuchar – Amy Jean Klobuchar is the senior United States Senator from Minnesota. She is a member of the Minnesota Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party, an affiliate of the Democratic Party and she is the first woman to be elected as a senator for Minnesota and is one of twenty-one women serving in the current United States Senate. She previously served as the county attorney for Hennepin County, Minnesota and she was a legal adviser to former Vice President Walter Mondale. S. Jims grandparents were Slovene immigrants, and his father was a miner on the Iron Range, Klobuchar attended public schools in Plymouth and was valedictorian at Wayzata High School. She received her B. A. degree magna cum laude in political science from Yale University in 1982, where she was a member of the Yale College Democrats and the Feminist Caucus. Her senior thesis was published as Uncovering the Dome, a 150-page history describing the ten years of surrounding the building of the Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome in Minneapolis. Klobuchar served as an editor of the University of Chicago Law Review. Klobuchar was elected as Hennepin County attorney in 1998, and re-elected in 2002 with no opposition, in 2001 Minnesota Lawyer named her Attorney of the Year. Klobuchar was President of the Minnesota County Attorneys Association from November 2002 to November 2003, besides working as a prosecutor, Klobuchar was a partner at the Minnesota law firms Dorsey & Whitney and Gray Plant Mooty before seeking public office. 2006 In early 2005 Mark Dayton announced that he would not seek re-election to the U. S. Senate, eMILYs List endorsed Klobuchar on September 29,2005, and Klobuchar won the DFLs endorsement on June 9,2006. Klobuchar gained the support of the majority of DFL state legislators in Minnesota during the primaries, a poll taken of DFL state delegates showed Klobuchar beating her then closest opponent, Patty Wetterling, 66% to 15%. In January, Wetterling dropped out of the race and endorsed Klobuchar, Klobuchar consistently led Kennedy in the polls throughout the campaign. Klobuchar won with 58% of the vote to Kennedys 38% and Fitzgeralds 3%, carrying all, Klobuchar became the first woman to be elected as the U. S. 2012 Klobuchar faced State Representative Kurt Bills and won a term to the U. S. Senate. She won convincingly, receiving 65. 2% of the votes compared to 30. 6% for Bills, from January to July 2009, Klobuchar was the only senator from Minnesota, until the resolution of the disputed 2008 Senate election for Al Franken. As of September 2009, 58% of Minnesotans approved of the job she was doing, on March 12,2010, Rasmussen Reports indicated 67% of Minnesotans approved of the job she was doing. The Winona Daily News described her as a politician who works across the aisle. Walter Mondale stated “She has done better in that miserable Senate than most people there, on March 30,2008, Klobuchar announced her endorsement of Senator Barack Obama in the Democratic presidential primary, promising her unpledged superdelegate vote for himAmy Klobuchar – Klobuchar in 2013
35. Mitch Landrieu – Mitchell Joseph Mitch Landrieu is an American politician who is the 61st and current Mayor of New Orleans. Landrieu previously served as the 51st Lieutenant Governor of Louisiana from 2004 to 2010 and he is a member of the Democratic Party. He is the son of former New Orleans mayor and Secretary of the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development, Moon Landrieu and the brother of the former U. S. In 2007, he won a term as lieutenant governor in the October 20,2007 nonpartisan blanket primary by defeating two Republicans, State Representative Gary J. Beard and Sammy Kershaw. He was elected Mayor of New Orleans on February 6,2010, garnering 66 percent of the city-wide vote and he was reelected mayor on February 1,2014, with nearly 64 percent of the vote in a three-candidate field. Landrieu was born and raised in the Broadmoor neighborhood of New Orleans, after graduating from Jesuit High School in 1978, he enrolled at The Catholic University of America in Washington, D. C. where he majored in political science and theatre. In 1985 he earned a Juris Doctor degree from Loyola University Law School in New Orleans, Landrieu is married to Cheryl P. Landrieu, also an attorney. The couple has five children, Grace, Emily, Matthew, Benjamin, Landrieu has been a practicing attorney for fifteen years and was president of International Mediation & Arbitration, Ltd. He is a member of the Supreme Court Task Force on Alternative Dispute Resolution which was responsible for developing the pilot program in Orleans Parish. Landrieu is trained in mediation and negotiation by the Harvard Law School Negotiation Project, the American Arbitration Association, Landrieu has also taught alternative dispute resolution as an adjunct professor at Loyola University Law School. Landrieu was elected to the Louisiana House of Representatives in 1987, Landrieu led the legislative effort to reform Louisianas juvenile justice system with a focus on rehabilitation and reform as opposed to punishment and incarceration. As lieutenant governor, he continued to chair the Juvenile Justice Commission, in January,2004, Governor Kathleen Blanco endorsed the Commissions recommendations. As an attorney, Landrieu brought a case to court that resulted in the tax being ruled unconstitutional and he continued the fight by bringing the issue to the New Orleans City Council, who voted to repeal the tax. As a legislator, Landrieu sponsored a bill to repeal the law allowed the tax to exist. Landrieu crafted legislation to fund the Louisiana Cancer Research Consortium of New Orleans, one of Landrieus most ambitious projects as Lieutenant Governor of Louisiana has been the creation of the World Cultural Economic Forum. The first WCEF took place in October 2008 and he has carried on this project as mayor and has even established a formal cultural economy office at City Hall. In 1994 Landrieu made a bid for the office of Mayor of New Orleans, the office went to Marc Morial. Mitch Landrieus 2003 campaign for Lieutenant Governor was his first bid for office in LouisianaMitch Landrieu – Mitch Landrieu
36. Jeff Merkley – Jeffrey Alan Jeff Merkley is the junior United States Senator from Oregon. He also served as Speaker of the Oregon House of Representatives and he defeated two-term Republican incumbent Gordon Smith in the 2008 U. S. Senate election and Republican challenger Monica Wehby in the 2014 U. S. Senate election. Merkley was born in Myrtle Creek, Oregon, the son of Betty Lou and his paternal grandmother was born in Calliope, Queensland, Australia. He attended first grade in Roseburg before moving to Portland with his family, after completing his masters in 1982, Merkley was selected as a Presidential Management Fellow, working at the Office of the Secretary of Defense on the security of American military technology. After his fellowship, he worked in the Congressional Budget Office, analyzing nuclear weapons policies, Merkley returned to Portland in 1991 to serve as executive director of Portland Habitat for Humanity until 1994. Merkley was President of the World Affairs Council of Oregon for seven years, in 1998, Merkley was elected as a Democrat to the Oregon House of Representatives from a district in east Portland. He succeeded Frank Shields, who moved from the House to the Oregon State Senate due to term limits, in its endorsement, The Oregonian predicted that Merkley was the most likely of several Democrats to accomplish something positive in the Legislature. On August 13,2007, Merkley received the endorsements of Democratic Governor Ted Kulongoski and he was endorsed in December 2007 by the Oregon AFL-CIO, the states largest labor federation. The union federations leaders cited Merkleys 97% record of voting in the interests of working families, Merkley was the first federal candidate to be cross-nominated by the Independent Party of Oregon. Merkley won the Democratic nomination to challenge Smith in 2008, narrowly defeating activist Steve Novick, given the difficulty of running against an incumbent senator, Merkley was initially thought to have only a moderate chance of unseating Smith. But in July 2008, a Rasmussen poll showed Merkley with a lead over Smith, by August, after strongly negative campaigning on both sides, Rasmussen reported that Merkleys support had deteriorated, with Smith taking a strong lead in the polls. Merkleys favorable rating was at 42%, while his unfavorable rating had risen to 45%, polls taken shortly before the election indicated that Merkleys standing had once again improved, with Merkleys 12-point deficit turning into a slight lead. Ultimately, Merkley defeated Smith by three points, 49% to 46%. While Merkley only carried eight counties, one of them was his home county of Multnomah County, Merkley thus became the first person to unseat an incumbent Oregon senator since Bob Packwoods defeat of Wayne Morse in 1968. Merkley formally resigned his seat in the Oregon House in a letter to Secretary of State Bill Bradbury on January 2,2009 and he was sworn as a Senator on January 6,2009. Upon his swearing-in, Oregon was represented in the Senate by two Democrats for the first time since Maurine Brown Neuberger served alongside Morse from 1960 to 1967, Merkley has accumulated a progressive record during his Senate career to date. As a member of the Senate Banking Committee, Merkley became a force in the effort to pass the Wall Street reform bill. Merkley also championed an amendment that banned liar loans, a predatory mortgage practice that played a role in the housing bubble and he was a founding signatory of a mid-February 2010 petition to use reconciliation to pass legislation providing for a government-run health insurance program in the SenateJeff Merkley – Jeff Merkley
37. Deval Patrick – Deval Laurdine Patrick is an American politician, civil rights lawyer and businessman who served as the 71st governor of Massachusetts from 2007 to 2015. A member of the Democratic Party, Patrick served as the United States assistant attorney general for the civil rights division under President Bill Clinton and he was first elected in 2006, succeeding Mitt Romney who chose not to run, and re-elected in 2010. He is the only African-American to have served as governor of Massachusetts, born to and raised by a single mother on the South Side of Chicago, Patrick earned a scholarship to Milton Academy in Massachusetts in the eighth grade. He went on to attend Harvard College and Harvard Law School, under Patrick, Massachusetts joined the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative in an effort to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and the planned introduction of casinos in Massachusetts. His second term began on January 6,2011, and in an interview with The Boston Globe, Patrick was born on July 31,1956 in the South Side of Chicago, where his family resided in a two-bedroom apartment in the Robert Taylor Homes housing projects. Patrick is the son of mother Emily Mae and father Laurdine Pat Patrick, in 1959, Patricks father abandoned their family in order to play music in New York City and because he had fathered a daughter, LaShon Anthony, by another woman. Deval reportedly had a relationship with his father, who opposed his choice of high school. Patrick was raised by his mother, who traces her roots to American slaves in the American South, the family spent many months living on welfare. Patrick graduated from Milton Academy in 1974 and went on to attend college and he graduated from Harvard College, where he was a member of the Fly Club, with a Bachelor of Arts degree, cum laude, in English and American literature, in 1978. He then spent a working with the United Nations in Africa. In 1979, Patrick returned to the United States and enrolled at Harvard Law School, while in law school, Patrick was elected president of the Harvard Legal Aid Bureau, where he first worked defending poor families in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. At Harvard, Patrick won Best Oralist in the prestigious Ames Moot Court Competition, Patrick graduated from Harvard Law School with a J. D. cum laude, in 1982. He proceeded to fail the State Bar of California exam twice, Patrick then served as a law clerk to Judge Stephen Reinhardt on the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit for one year. In 1983, he joined the staff of the NAACP Legal Defense Fund, while at LDF, he met Bill Clinton, the then Governor of Arkansas, when he sued Clinton in a voting case. In 1986, he joined the Boston law firm of Hill & Barlow and was named partner in 1990, while at Hill & Barlow he managed high-profile engagements such as acting as Desiree Washingtons attorney in her civil lawsuit against Mike Tyson. In 1994, President Bill Clinton nominated Patrick as the United States Assistant Attorney General for the Civil Rights Division, federal affirmative action policy was under judicial and political review, and Patrick defended Clintons policy. Patrick also worked on issues including racial profiling, police misconduct, between 1995 and 1997, Patrick coordinated an investigation into a series of arsons of predominantly black churches across the South. The investigation brought together a number of state and federal agencies, in the end, more than 100 arrests were made, but no evidence of national or regional conspiracy was foundDeval Patrick – Deval Patrick
38. Tim Ryan (politician) – Timothy John Tim Ryan is the U. S. Representative for Ohios 13th congressional district, serving since 2003, the district, numbered as the 17th district from 2003 to 2013, takes in a large swath of northeast Ohio, from Youngstown to Akron. He is a member of the Democratic Party and he previously served in the Ohio Senate. Ryan was born in Niles, Ohio, the son of Rochelle Maria and he is of Irish and Italian ancestry. Ryans parents divorced when he was seven years old, and Ryan was raised by his mother, Ryan graduated from John F. Kennedy High School in Warren, where he played football as a quarterback and coached junior high basketball. Ryan was recruited to play football at Youngstown State University, but an injury ended his playing career. He received a Bachelor of Arts degree in science from Bowling Green in 1995 and was a member of Delta Tau Delta fraternity. After college, Ryan joined the staff of Ohio Congressman Jim Traficant, in 2000, he earned a Juris Doctor degree from Franklin Pierce Law Center in Concord, New Hampshire. From 2000 to 2002 he served half a term in the Ohio State Senate, after Jim Traficant was convicted on criminal charges in 2002, Ryan declared his candidacy for the 17th District. As the result of redistricting following the 2000 census, the 17th, before the redistricting, all of Akron had been part of the 14th District, represented by eight-term Democrat Tom Sawyer. The 14th had been eliminated in the year 2000 redistricting, most of it was drawn into the 13th District of fellow Democrat Sherrod Brown, Ryan was initially seen as an underdog in a six-way Democratic primary that included Sawyer. In the 2002 Democratic primary, Ryan defeated Sawyer, who was seen as insufficiently labor-friendly in the newly-drawn district, in the November 2002 general election, he faced Republican Insurance Commissioner Ann Womer Benjamin as well as Traficant, who ran as an independent from his prison cell. He won with 51 percent of the vote, besting Benjamin by a solid 14-point margin, when he took office in January 2003, he was the youngest Democrat in the House, at 29 years of age. He has been reelected five times, only once facing another contest nearly as close as his first one, in 2010, he was held to 53 percent of the vote, Traficant, running as an independent, took 16 percent of the vote. In every other election since his first run for the district and his district was renumbered as the 13th in 2012, and was pushed westward, absorbing most of Akron. It was organized by the Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi to energize, in 2010, Ryan introduced the Currency Reform for Fair Trade Act, which sought punitive trade tariffs on countries, notably China, that were engaging in currency manipulation. It passed the House overwhelmingly but never made it to the floor in the Senate, in an October 2010 interview with conservative magazine Human Events, Ryan said tax increases on small businesses were necessary because we have huge deficits. We gotta shore up Social Security, Ryan initiated a bid to replace Pelosi as House Minority Leader on November 17,2016, prompted by colleagues following the 2016 presidential electionTim Ryan (politician) – Tim Ryan
39. Bernie Sanders – Bernard Bernie Sanders is an American politician who has been the junior United States Senator from Vermont since 2007. Sanders is the longest serving independent in U. S. congressional history, Sanders became the ranking minority member on the Senate Budget Committee in January 2015, he had previously been chair of the Senate Veterans Affairs Committee for two years. Since January 2017, he has been Chair of the Senate Democratic Outreach Committee, a self-described democratic socialist, Sanders is pro-labor and emphasizes reversing economic inequality. Many scholars consider his views to be more in line with social democracy, Sanders was born and raised in the Brooklyn borough of New York City and graduated from the University of Chicago in 1964. While a student he was an active protest organizer for the Congress of Racial Equality, after settling in Vermont in 1968, Sanders ran unsuccessful third-party campaigns for governor and U. S. senator in the early to mid-1970s. As an independent, he was elected mayor of Burlington—Vermonts most populous city of 42,417 in 2010—in 1981 and he went on to be reelected as mayor three times. In 1990, he was elected to represent Vermonts at-large congressional district in the U. S. House of Representatives and he served as a congressman for 16 years before being elected to the U. S. Senate in 2006. In 2012, he was reelected with 71% of the popular vote, polls indicate that he is among the senators most popular with their constituents, ranking third in 2014 and first in both 2015 and 2016. Sanders rose to prominence following his 2010 filibuster against the Middle Class Tax Relief Act of 2010. Sanders has long been critical of U. S. foreign policy and was an early and outspoken opponent of the Iraq War, the First Gulf War, Sanders announced his campaign for the Democratic presidential nomination on April 30,2015. Initially considered a shot, Sanders won 23 primaries and caucuses. His campaign was noted for the enthusiasm of its supporters, as well as his rejection of large donations from corporations, the financial industry, and any associated Super PAC. In November 2016, Sanderss book Our Revolution, A Future to Believe In was released, upon its release, it was on The New York Times best-seller list at number 3. In 2016 Sanders formed an organization, Our Revolution, to educate voters about issues, get people involved in the political process. In February 2017, Sanders began webcasting The Bernie Sanders Show on Facebook, Bernard Sanders was born on September 8,1941, in Brooklyn, New York City. His father, Elias Sanders, was born on September 14,1904, in Słopnice, Poland, to a Jewish family, in 1921, the 17-year-old Elias immigrated to the United States, where he became a paint salesman. His mother, Dorothy Sanders, was born in New York City on October 2,1912, to Jewish immigrant parents from Poland, many of Eliass relatives back in Poland were killed in the Holocaust. Sanders became interested in politics at an age, A guy named Adolf Hitler won an election in 1932Bernie Sanders – Official Senate portrait of Sanders, 2007
40. Tom Steyer – Thomas Fahr Tom Steyer is an American hedge fund manager, philanthropist, and environmentalist. Steyer is the founder and former managing partner of Farallon Capital and the co-founder of Beneficial State Bank. Farallon Capital manages $20 billion in capital for institutions and high-net-worth individuals, the firm’s institutional investors include college endowments and foundations. Since 1986, Steyer has been a partner and member of the Executive Committee at Hellman & Friedman, in 2010, Steyer and his wife signed The Giving Pledge to donate half of their fortune to charity during their lifetime. Steyer is on the board of Next Generation, a non-profit that intends to tackle childrens issues and he serves on the Board of Trustees at Stanford University and is active in political campaign fundraising. Tom Steyer was born in 1957 in Manhattan and his mother, Marnie, was a teacher of remedial reading at the Brooklyn House of Detention, and his father, Roy Henry Steyer, was a partner in the New York law firm of Sullivan & Cromwell. His father was Jewish and his mother was Episcopalian, Steyer attended the Buckley School, Philips Exeter Academy and later graduated from Yale University summa cum laude in economics and political science, and was elected to Phi Beta Kappa. He was captain of the Yale soccer team, Steyer received his MBA from Stanford Business School, where he was an Arjay Miller Scholar. He has served on the Board of Trustees, after graduating from Yale, Steyer began his professional career at Morgan Stanley in 1979. After two years at Morgan Stanley, he was accepted to Harvard Business School, but instead attended Stanford Business School, Steyer worked at Goldman Sachs from 1983–85 as an associate in the risk arbitrage division, where he was involved in mergers and acquisitions. He later became a partner and member of the Executive Committee at Hellman & Friedman, in January 1986, Steyer founded Farallon Capital, an investment firm headquartered in San Francisco, California. Steyer made his fortune running Farallon, which was managing $20 billion by the time he left the company, Steyer was known for taking high risks on distressed assets within volatile markets. In October 2012, Steyer stepped down from his position at Farallon in order to focus on advocating for alternative energy, Steyer decided to dispose of his carbon-polluting investments in 2012, although critics say he did not dispose of them fast enough. After leaving Farallon, Steyer hosted a two-day think-tank titled the Big Think Climate Meeting to discuss how to address climate change, in 2006, Steyer and his wife, Kat Taylor, founded OneRoof, a business designed to bring technology to rural India. Steyer and Taylor put up $22, in August 2010, Steyer and his wife signed onto The Giving Pledge, an initiative of Bill Gates and Warren Buffett. The pledge urges individuals and families to give at least half their wealth to charitable causes during their lifetime, Steyer and Taylor created the TomKat Ranch in Pescadero, California, near Half Moon Bay. The ranch is meant to research and demonstrate a way of doing agriculture. The ranchs activities include underwriting healthy food programs and co-producing an independent film, La Mission, starring Benjamin Bratt, circa 2011, Steyer joined the board of Next Generation, a non-profit intending to tackle childrens issues and the environmentTom Steyer – Tom Steyer
41. Libertarian Party (United States) – The Libertarian Party is a Libertarian political party in the United States that promotes civil liberties, non-interventionism, laissez-faire capitalism and the abolition of the welfare state. The LP was conceived at meetings in the home of David F. Nolan in Westminster, Colorado in 1971 and was formed on December 11,1971, in Colorado Springs. The founding of the party was prompted in part due to concerns about the Nixon administration, the Vietnam War, conscription, the party generally promotes a classical liberal platform, in contrast to the Democrats modern liberalism and progressivism and the Republicans conservatism. Gary Johnson, the presidential nominee in 2012 and 2016, states that the LP is more culturally liberal than Democrats. Current cultural policy positions include ending the prohibition of drugs, supporting same-sex marriage, ending capital punishment. Many libertarians believe in lowering the age to 18. While it is the third largest political party in the United States, there are 499,492 voters registered as Libertarian in the 27 states that report Libertarian registration statistics and Washington, D. C. The LP was the party under which the first electoral vote was cast for a woman, Tonie Nathan, for Vice President in a United States presidential election, the first Libertarian National Convention was held in June 1972. In 1978, Dick Randolph of Alaska became the first elected Libertarian state legislator, in 1994, over 40 Libertarians were elected or appointed which was a record for the party at that time. 1995 saw a membership and voter registration for the party. In 1996, the Libertarian Party became the first third party to earn ballot status in all 50 states two presidential elections in a row, by the end of 2009,146 Libertarians were holding elected offices. He was renominated for president in 2016, this time choosing former Massachusetts Governor William Weld as his running mate, johnson/Weld shattered the Libertarian record for a presidential ticket, earning over 4.4 million votes. Though the party has never won a seat in the United States Congress, it has seen success in the context of state legislatures. Three Libertarians were elected to the Alaska House of Representatives between 1978 and 1984 and another four to the New Hampshire General Court in 1992, rhode Island State Representative Daniel P. Gordon was expelled from the Republicans and joined the Libertarian Party in 2011. Ebke was not up for re-election in 2016, dyer changed party affiliation to the Libertarian Party from the Republican Party in February 2017. In 1972, Libertarian Party was chosen as the partys name, the current slogan of the party is The Party of Principle. Also in 1972, the Libersign—an arrow angling upward through the abbreviation TANSTAAFL—was adopted as a party symbol, by the end of the decade, this was replaced with the Lady Liberty until 2015, with the adoption of the current Torch Eagle logo. In the 1990s several state libertarian parties adopted the Liberty Penguin as their official mascot, another mascot is the Libertarian porcupine, an icon that was originally designed by Kevin Breen in March 2006, that is also often associated with the Free State ProjectLibertarian Party (United States) – David Nolan, founder of the Libertarian Party.
42. Adam Kokesh – Adam Charles Kokesh is an American political activist. A decorated veteran of the War in Iraq, Kokesh came to disparage war, identifying as a libertarian, Kokesh has called for a new American revolution and has announced plans to run for President in 2020 on the platform of an orderly dissolution of the federal government. Kokesh was born on February 1,1982, in San Francisco, Kokesh learned Arabic during his tenure in Iraq. In February 2007, he became a participant in the Iraq Veterans Against the War. On March 19,2007, to mark the 4th anniversary of the 2003 invasion of Iraq, Kokesh and 12 other IVAW members participated in an occupation-like mock patrol of Washington, D. C. S. attorneys. Kokesh, wearing his Marine Corps Boonie hat, held up a sign counting the number of times Gonzalez said I dont remember or I dont recall. In April 2007, Kokesh and a number of activists were arrested for protesting the Iraq war in the Senate Hart Office Building. Kokesh had performed a ceremony for lost service members using an American flag, in June 2007, Kokesh along with IVAW members Liam Madden and Nate Lewis were arrested for crossing onto Fort Benning during an anti-war protest. A spokesperson for the IVAW said the three had accidentally stepped onto the base while talking to a guard, Kokesh enrolled in graduate studies in political management at George Washington University. The event was organized by a student organization, and invited speaker David Horowitz on the George Washington University campus. On July 12,2008, Kokesh spoke at the Revolution March, on September 2,2008, Kokesh spoke at Ron Pauls Rally for the Republic in St. Paul, Minnesota. On September 4,2008, Kokesh interrupted Senator John McCains acceptance speech of the GOP nomination for president at the Republican National Convention in St. Paul, Minnesota. Holding a sign reading McCain Votes Against Vets on one side and You cant win an occupation on the other, Kokesh yelled, Kokesh was detained by local police and released soon after. On May 28 Kokesh and other activists participated in a flash mob-silent dance at the Thomas Jefferson Memorial in Washington, Kokesh along with four others including Medea Benjamin of Code Pink were arrested by U. S. Park Police for demonstrating without a permit. Kokesh was told he was under arrest after dancing a jig and he refused officers orders and was subsequently body-slammed onto the marble floor and put in a choke hold, then cuffed. The aggressive nature of the arrests raised concerns about the actions of some of the officers, a much larger protest on June 4 organized by Kokesh and Code Pink involved about 200 protesters and 75 dancers. About 10 minutes after the dancing began, police began clearing the monument, when asked by a journalist if he had a permit to protest, Kokesh reportedly produced a copy of the Constitution and said, Actually I got a permit. Its the same one I swore an oath to when I enlisted in the Marine Corps, and it says something about freedom of assemblyAdam Kokesh – Kokesh in 2013
43. Mary Ruwart – Mary J. Ruwart, PhD is a retired biomedical researcher and libertarian speaker, writer, and activist. She was a candidate for the 2008 Libertarian Party presidential nomination and is the author of the award-winning Healing Our World. Born in Detroit, Ruwart holds a Bachelor of Science with a major in biochemistry, after a 2½ year term on the faculty of the Department of Surgery at St. In 1992, Ruwart published her book Healing Our World, The Other Piece of the Puzzle, in 2003, in the afterword of the third edition of Healing Our World, Ruwart describes the experience of her sisters death, an assisted suicide facilitated by Jack Kevorkian. The fourth edition, Healing Our World, The Compassion of Libertarianism was released in 2015, a member of the Libertarian Party, Ruwart campaigned unsuccessfully for the partys presidential nomination in 1984 and for the vice-presidential nomination in 1992. Ruwart has served on the Libertarian National Committee, and was a speaker at the 2004 Libertarian National Convention. In 2002, libertarians launched a lobbying campaign to get Dr. Ruwart appointed Food. Additionally, Ruwart has served on the boards of the International Society for Individual Liberty, the Fully Informed Jury Association, Ruwart is a longtime supporter of the Free State Project and officially endorsed it on May 17,2008 while on-air on Free Talk Live. Ruwart unsuccessfully ran for Texas Comptroller in 2010 against incumbent Republican Susan Combs and she received 417,523 votes or 10. 5% in a race that had no Democrat. In March 2008, in response to a draft effort by a group of Libertarian Party activists. She lost the nomination to Bob Barr on the ballot at the 2008 Libertarian National Convention on May 25,2008. Despite tying with Barr on the third and fourth ballots and taking the lead on the fifth, Root later received the vice-presidential nomination. 2008 Libertarian National Convention 2012 Libertarian National Convention R. Lee Wrights Ruwarts home page Appearances on C-SPANMary Ruwart – Ruwart in 2008
44. Green Party (United States) – The Green Party of the United States is a green and progressive political party in the United States. On the political spectrum the party is seen as left-wing. The GPUS was founded in 2001 as the evolution of the Association of State Green Parties, the ASGP had increasingly distanced itself from the G/GPUSA in the late 1990s. The Greens gained widespread attention during the 2000 presidential election. Nader was vilified by many Democrats and even some Greens, who accused him of spoiling the election for Al Gore, the degree of Naders impact on the 2000 election remains controversial. The GPUS had several members elected in state legislatures, including in California, Maine, a number of Greens around the United States hold positions on the municipal level, including on school boards, city councils and as mayors. The organization conducted grassroots organizing efforts, educational activities, and electoral campaigns and those who saw electoral strategies as a crucial engine of social change. The G/GPUSA was recognized by the FEC as a political party in 1991. The compromise agreement subsequently collapsed and two Green party organizations have co-existed in the United States since, the Green Politics Network was organized in 1990 and The National Association of Statewide Green Parties formed by 1994. Divisions between those pressing to break onto the political stage and those aiming to grow roots at the local level continued to widen during the 1990s. The Association of State Green Parties encouraged and backed Naders presidential runs in 1996 and 2000, by 2001, the push to separate electoral activity from the G/GPUSA issue-based organizing led to the Boston Proposal and subsequent rise of the Green Party of the United States. The G/GPUSA lost most of its affiliates in the following months, in 2016, Mark Salazar set a new record for a Green Party nominee for U. S. Congress. Running in the Arizona 8th district, against incumbent Republican Congressman Trent Franks, the GPUS follows the ideals of green politics, which are based on the Four Pillars of the Green Party, Ecological wisdom, Social justice, Grassroots democracy and Nonviolence. An avocado is Green on the outside and Green on the inside and it goes on to explain that Greens have a vital role in bringing Democracy to the otherwise undemocratic two party system of the U. S. The Green Party does not accept donations from corporations, political committees,527 organizations or soft money. The partys platforms and rhetoric harshly criticize any corporate influence and control over government, media, the state parties also appoint delegates to serve on the various standing committees of the GNC. The National Committee elects a Steering Committee of seven Co-chairs, a Secretary, the National Committee performs most of its business online, but also holds an Annual National Meeting to conduct business in person. Californians have elected 55 of the 226 office-holding Greens nationwide as of June 2007, other states with high numbers of Green elected officials include Pennsylvania, Wisconsin, Massachusetts, and MaineGreen Party (United States) – John Eder, elected in Maine in 2002, was the first Green Party candidate elected to a state legislature to serve a full term as a Green.
45. Jill Stein – Jill Ellen Stein is an American physician, activist, and politician. She was the Green Partys nominee for President of the United States in the 2012 and 2016 elections and she was an unsuccessful candidate for governor of Massachusetts in 2002 and 2010. Stein was born in Chicago, Illinois, the daughter of Gladys and she was raised in Highland Park, Illinois. Her parents were descended from Russian Jews, and Stein was raised in a Reform Jewish household, in 1973, Stein graduated magna cum laude from Harvard College, where she studied psychology, sociology, and anthropology. She then attended Harvard Medical School and graduated in 1979 and she also served as an instructor of medicine at Harvard Medical School. She retired from practicing and teaching medicine in 2005 and 2006, since 1998, she has served on the board of the Greater Boston chapter of Physicians for Social Responsibility. Stein also founded and served as co-chair of the Lexington Solid Waste Action Team, the committee was approved by Lexingtons Board of Selectmen and later featured in the textbook Approaches to Sustainable Development, The Public University in the Regional Economy. Other organizations Stein has worked with include Clean Water Action, Toxic Action Center, Global Climate Convergence, Physicians for a National Health Program, and Massachusetts Medical Society. As a medical doctor and researcher, Stein has published various materials and teaching plans and she coauthored two reports by the Greater Boston Physicians for Social Responsibility, In Harms Way, Toxic Threats to Child Development, and Environmental Threats to Healthy Aging. The In Harms Way report was republished in the peer-reviewed Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics in 2002, Stein also coauthored articles about health in publications such as The Huffington Post. She also lectured and gave presentations at other institutions, Stein is an advocate for campaign finance reform. In 1998, she helped campaign for the Clean Elections Law in Massachusetts, the law was later repealed by a Democratic-majority legislature, leading Stein to leave the Democratic party and join the Green Party. Stein has also served on the board of MassVoters for Fair Elections and has campaigned for implementing instant runoff voting in Massachusetts, alongside her political career, Stein also recorded musical albums with collaborator Ken Selcer in the folk-rock band Somebodys Sister. She plays the conga and djembe drums and the guitar, during the 1990s and 2000s, the duo released four studio albums, Flashpoint, Somebodys Sister, Green Sky, and Circuits To The Sun. The pair also performed at live events, such as the 2008 Green-Rainbow Convention in Leominster. The band was a semifinalist in Musicians best unsigned bands contest in 1996 and 1998, Stein is a former elected member of the Lexington Town Meeting, the local legislative body in Lexington, Massachusetts. She was elected to two terms, but resigned during her second term to run for governor. Stein was the Green-Rainbow Party candidate for governor of Massachusetts in 2002 and finished third in a field of five candidates, after her debate performances received good reviews, supporters of the Democratic nominee purchased the rights to jillstein. orgJill Stein – Jill Stein
46. Constitution Party (United States) – The Constitution Party is a national political party in the United States. The idea that the principles and intents of the US Constitution are relevant in human relations was the origin of the 1991 founding, founding members included 2016 US Presidential candidate Darrell Castle and former US Office of Economic Opportunity Secretary Howard Phillips. There are 7 Guiding Principles for Constitution Party candidates and platforms, the party applies these quotes as evidence of their views of the Constitution, and how the US is founded on Christian principles, while maintaining their support of the No Religious Test Clause. As of October 2016, the Constitution Party has 18 members elected to city council seats, in terms of registered members, the party ranks fifth among national parties in the United States. The party was founded as the U. S, taxpayers Party by Howard Phillips in 1991. Phillips was also the candidate in the 1992,1996 and 2000 presidential elections. The partys name was changed to the Constitution Party in 1999, however, the party absorbed the American Independent Party, which was founded for George Wallaces 1968 presidential campaign. The Constitution Party claims to be the home of the Tea Party. In 2006, Rick Jore, of the then recently disaffiliated Constitution Party of Montana, was elected to the Montana House of Representatives with 56. 2% of the vote, the following table displays select Constitution Party state affiliate parties, chapters, and organizations. Constitution PartyAll affiliates state in their platforms support for strict adherence to the Declaration of Independence, many also specifically add their home state constitutions to the mix. In January 2013, Oregon re-affiliated with the national party, the Constitution Party of Montana re-affiliated with the national party in 2011. According to the party website, since November 2012, the Alaskan Independence Party has not been an affiliate, the Nebraska state affiliate of the Constitution Party is called the Nebraska Party. The party had candidates for statewide offices placed on ballots from 2002 to 2008, the stated mission of the Nebraska Party is. To restore economic prosperity to all Nebraskans, to restore the Christian Principles of our Forefathers, the Nebraska Party is founded on the principles of the Democrat-Republican Party, which was established in the early 1800s by Thomas Jefferson. The Democrat-Republican Party, now the Nebraska Party, represents the people, the Constitution Party branches in North Carolina and several other states adhere to what they proclaim as the Seven Essential Core Values. These core values are defined as, the Sanctity of Life, Religious Freedom, Traditional Family, Private Property Rights, Pro-Second Amendment, National Sovereignty, the party claims to be the states only truly 100% Pro-Life political party. The origins of the party can be traced to October 2000. The 1964 Constitution Party presidential nominee, Joseph B, lightburn, was a neighbor of Donnellans in Jane Lew, where he owned a local general storeConstitution Party (United States) – "Taxpayers Party" redirects here. For the New York party, see Taxpayers Party of New York.
47. Kanye West – Kanye Omari West is an American rapper, songwriter, record producer, fashion designer, and entrepreneur. Intent on pursuing a career as a rapper, West released his debut album The College Dropout in 2004 to widespread critical and commercial success. He went on to pursue a variety of different styles on subsequent albums Late Registration, Graduation, and 808s & Heartbreak. In 2010, he released his fifth album My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy to rave reviews from critics, West released his abrasive sixth album, Yeezus, to further critical praise in 2013. His seventh album, The Life of Pablo, was released in 2016, Wests outspoken views and life outside of music have received significant mainstream attention. He has been a frequent source of controversy for his conduct at award shows, on social media and he is the founder and head of the creative content company DONDA. His 2014 marriage to television personality Kim Kardashian has also been subject to media coverage. He has won a total of 21 Grammy Awards, making him one of the most awarded artists of all time, three of his albums have been included and ranked on Rolling Stones 2012 update of the 500 Greatest Albums of All Time list. He has also included in a number of Forbes annual lists. Time named him one of the 100 most influential people in the world in 2005 and 2015, West was born on June 8,1977 in Atlanta, Georgia. His parents divorced when he was three years old, after the divorce, he and his mother moved to Chicago, Illinois. His father, Ray West, is a former Black Panther and was one of the first black photojournalists at The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Ray West was later a Christian counselor, and in 2006, opened the Good Water Store and Café in Lexington Park, Maryland with startup capital from his son. West, was a professor of English at Clark Atlanta University, West was raised in a middle-class background, attending Polaris High School in suburban Oak Lawn, Illinois after living in Chicago. At the age of 10, West moved with his mother to Nanjing, China, according to his mother, West was the only foreigner in his class, but settled in well and quickly picked up the language, although he has since forgotten most of it. When asked about his grades in school, West replied, I got As. West demonstrated an affinity for the arts at an early age and his mother recalled that she first took notice of Wests passion for drawing and music when he was in the third grade. Growing up in Chicago, West became deeply involved in its hip hop scene and he started rapping in the third grade and began making musical compositions in the seventh grade, eventually selling them to other artistsKanye West – West performing at Lollapalooza in 2011