Template:United States presidential election, 2020
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1. United States presidential election, 2016 – The United States presidential election of 2016 was the 58th quadrennial American presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 8, 2016. The Republican ticket of businessman Donald Trump and Indiana Governor Mike Pence defeated the Democratic ticket of former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and U.S. Senator from Virginia Tim Kaine. On January 2017, Trump is expected to take office as the 45th President, Pence as the 48th Vice President. Trump obtained the required majority to become President-elect of the United States, winning 30 states with pledged electors out of 538. His victory had been considered unlikely by most media forecasts. Clinton received about 2.9 million more votes nationwide, 2.1% of the total cast. A further three electors were replaced or forced to vote again. Traditionally, the primary elections are indirect elections where voters cast ballots for a slate of party delegates pledged to a particular candidate. The party's delegates officially nominate a candidate to run on the party's behalf. President Barack Obama, a Democrat and former U.S. This was the largest primary field for any political party in American history. Prior to the Iowa caucuses on February 2016, Perry, Walker, Jindal, Graham and Pataki withdrew due to low polling numbers. Following a sizable victory for Trump in the New Hampshire primary, Christie, Fiorina and Gilmore abandoned the race. Bush followed suit after scoring fourth place in South Carolina.United States presidential election, 2016
2. United States presidential election, 2020 – The United States presidential election of 2020, scheduled for Tuesday, November 3, 2020, will be the 59th quadrennial U.S. presidential election. Voters will select presidential electors who in turn will elect a new president and president through the electoral college. The series of caucuses are likely to be held during the first six months of 2020. Barring any major change in circumstances, Republican Donald Trump, elected in 2016, will be eligible to seek re-election. The winner of the 2020 presidential election is scheduled to be inaugurated on January 2021. The primary elections are usually indirect elections where voters cast ballots for a slate of party delegates pledged to a particular candidate. The party's delegates then officially nominate a candidate to run on the party's behalf. The presidential election will occur as elections to the Senate and the House of Representatives. Several states will also hold state gubernatorial and state legislative elections. Candidates have not been featured in at least five national primary polls. Representative 1983–2001; candidate for President in 2016 and 2000 Tim Scott, U.S. Senator from South Carolina since 2013; U.S. Representative 2011–2013 Ben Carson, Director of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Johns Hopkins Hospital 1984–2013; candidate for President in 2016 Marco Rubio, U.S. Senator from Florida since 2011; candidate for President in 2016 Las Vegas, Nevada Joe Biden, Vice President of the United States since 2009; U.S. Senator from Delaware 1973–2009; candidate for President in 1988 and 2008 Cory Booker, U.S.United States presidential election, 2020 – New York officials have announced plans to bring the Democratic National Convention to the city in 2020.
3. Republican Party (United States) – The party is named after republicanism, the dominant value during the American Revolution. Businessman Donald Trump of New York, will become the Republican president on January 20, 2017. The Republican Party's current ideology is American conservatism, which contrasts with the Democrats' modern liberalism. The Republican Party's platform involves support for free market capitalism, free enterprise, fiscal conservatism, restrictions on labor unions. In addition to economic themes there are important traditional values, usually with a ethical foundation. The party also holds a majority of governorships and state legislatures. Specifically, 68 out of 98 partisan state legislative chambers have Republican majorities. According to CBS news, "The Republican National Committee says the acronym "GOP" dates back to 1875, at which time it meant'Gallant Old Party'." The main cause was opposition to the Kansas–Nebraska Act, which repealed the Missouri Compromise by which slavery was kept out of Kansas. The Northern Republicans saw the expansion of slavery as a great evil. The name was partly chosen to pay homage to Thomas Jefferson's Republican Party. The official convention was held on July 6, 1854, in Jackson, Michigan. The Republicans' initial base was in the Northeast and the upper Midwest. With the realignment of parties and voters in the Third Party System, the strong run of John C. Fremont in the 1856 United States presidential election demonstrated it dominated most northern states.Republican Party (United States) – Abraham Lincoln, the first Republican U.S. President (1861–1865).
4. Donald Trump – Donald John Trump is an American politician, businessman, television personality, the President-elect of the United States. Trump is scheduled to take office as the 45th President on January 20, 2017. In 1971, Trump took control of Elizabeth Trump & Son, later renamed The Trump Organization. During his career, he has built, renovated or managed numerous office towers, hotels, casinos, golf courses. Trump has lent the use of his name to brand various products. Trump became a fixture of television as he hosted The Apprentice on NBC from 2004 to 2015. As of 2016, Forbes listed Trump with a net worth of $4.5 billion. He withdrew before voting began. Trump ultimately decided against it. In June 2015, Trump quickly emerged as the front-runner among 17 contenders in the Republican primaries. In July he was formally nominated at the Republican Convention. Trump's campaign received international attention. Many of his statements on social media, at campaign rallies were controversial or false. Anti-Trump protests occurred during his campaign and after the election. He won the general election on November 2016, gaining a majority of the U.S.Donald Trump – Donald Trump
5. Political positions of Donald Trump – Donald Trump is an American businessman, politician, actor, television personality, author, current President-elect of the United States. Trump's proposals include elements from across the political spectrum. His anti-globalization policies of immigration reduction cross party lines. Trump has said that he is "totally flexible on very many issues." Trump's in particular building or expanding a border wall between the U.S. and Mexico. As of October 2016, Trump's campaign had posted fourteen categories of policy proposals on his website. During October 2016, Trump outlined a series of steps for his first 100 days in office. His descriptions of his beliefs, have frequently changed, often been dishonest or contradictory. Politico has described his positions as "improvisational and often contradictory." Over the course of his campaign Trump made "141 distinct shifts on 23 major issues." In July 2016, PolitiFact counted 17 times when Trump then denied having said it. ... Richard Nixon was nothing, in terms of lying, compared to what we have seen from Donald Trump." Trump registered as five times. In 1999, Trump changed his affiliation to the Independence Party of New York.Political positions of Donald Trump – Donald J. Trump for President
6. Mike Pence – Michael Richard "Mike" Pence is an American politician. Pence is the Vice President-elect of the United States, well as the 50th and current Governor of Indiana. Pence is scheduled to take office as the 48th Vice President on January 2017. Pence served from 2009 to 2011. He signed bills intended to restrict abortions, including one that prohibited abortions if the reason for the procedure was the fetus's race, disability. Pence was forced to sign an additional bill acting as an amendment intended to protect LGBT people. His family were Irish Catholic Democrats. His maternal grandmother's parents were from County Clare. He graduated in 1977. While at Hanover, he joined the Phi Gamma Delta fraternity, where he became the president. After graduating from Hanover, he was an admissions counselor at the college from 1981 to 1983. He also stated that he was originally inspired get involved by people such as John F. Kennedy and Martin Luther King Jr.. While in college, he became an born-again Christan through his future wife. After graduating from school in 1986, he was an attorney in private practice. Pence ran unsuccessfully in 1990.Mike Pence – Mike Pence
7. Jack Fellure – Lowell Jackson "Jack" Fellure is an American perennial political candidate and retired engineer. He was the presidential nominee of the Prohibition Party for the 2012 presidential election. Fellure has formally campaigned for President of the United States as a member of the Republican Party. He asserts on his campaign site that his platform based on the Authorized King James Bible has never changed. As a candidate, he advocates prayer in public schools and criminalization of homosexuality. In 1992, Fellure filed to run in the New Hampshire, West Virginia and Kansas Republican primaries. It shall never be necessary to change it." He added that President Bill Clinton "merely shifted into the socialistic, Marxist New World Order agenda." He received 34 votes. In the general election, Fellure received one write-in vote in Idaho. Fellure again did not appear on any primary ballots. In 2004, he challenged incumbent President George W. Bush for the Republican Party nomination. Fellure was the only candidate to appear in the North Dakota caucus as he met the Federal Election Commission requirement of $5,000 in receipts. He received 14 of the 2,020 votes lost all 26 delegates to Bush. After another run in 2008, Fellure initially ran for the Republican Party's 2012 presidential nomination.Jack Fellure – Fellure in June 2011
8. Dwayne Johnson – Dwayne Douglas Johnson, also known by his ring name The Rock, is an American actor, producer, professional wrestler. He later played for the Calgary Stampeders in the Canadian Football League, was cut two months into the 1995 season. This led him to become Rocky Johnson, from whom he also inherited his Canadian citizenship. He returned to wrestling part-time for WWE from 2011 to 2013 and continues to make sporadic non-wrestling appearances for the company. Johnson has 17 championship reigns in WWE, including 10 as a world champion, winning the WWF/WWE Championship eight times and the WCW/World Championship twice. He won the WWF Intercontinental Championship twice and the WWF Tag Team Championship five times. Johnson is the sixth Triple Crown Champion in WWE history, won the 2000 Royal Rumble. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest professional wrestlers of all time. Johnson's autobiography The Rock Says... co-written with Joe Layden, was published in 2000. Johnson's first leading film role was in The Scorpion King in 2002. For this role, Johnson was paid a record for an actor in his first starring role. He has since appeared in various films, become known for his ability to reinvigorate film franchises. Perhaps his greatest success in his acting career can be sourced to his role as Luke Hobbs in The Fast and the Furious franchise. Forbes listed Johnson No. 25 in the Top 100 Most Powerful Celebrities in 2013. He is the world's highest-paid actor of 2016.Dwayne Johnson – Johnson at the premiere of Hercules in Sydney in June 2014
9. Nikki Haley – Nimrata "Nikki" Haley is an American politician who has served as the 116th Governor of South Carolina since 2011. Prior to becoming governor, Haley represented Lexington County in the South Carolina House of Representatives from 2005 to 2011. Haley is also the first Sikh to be governor in the US. Haley is the second Indian-American, after Bobby Jindal, to serve as governor in the United States. Besides serving as governor, Haley also serves during her term in office. On November 2014, she was re-elected to a second term as governor, a term that will expire on January 9, 2019. Haley delivered the Republican response on January 12, 2016. On November 2016 it was announced that President-elect Donald Trump plans to nominate Haley for Ambassador to the United Nations when he takes office. She was born Nimrata Randhawa in Bamberg, South Carolina, to an Indian Sikh family. Haley was "always called Nikki, which means ` little one,' by her family." Haley's parents immigrated to Canada after her father received a offer from the University of British Columbia. When Haley was 5 years old, her parents entered her in the "Miss Bamberg" contest. The contest traditionally crowned a white queen. The judges decided Haley did not fit either category, so the judges disqualified her. Nikki has Charan, a web designer.Nikki Haley – Her Excellency Nikki Haley
10. John Kasich – John Richard Kasich is an American politician, the 69th and current Governor of Ohio. Re-elected in 2014, he is a member of the Republican Party. His term is set to end by January 2019. He served nine terms as a member of the United States House of Representatives, representing Ohio's congressional district from 1983 to 2001. His tenure in the House included 18 years as chairman of the House Budget Committee. Kasich was a key figure in the Balanced Budget Act of 1997. Kasich was a commentator on Fox News Channel, hosting Heartland with John Kasich from 2001 to 2007. Kasich also worked as an banker, serving as managing director of the Lehman Brothers office in Columbus, Ohio. In the 2010 Ohio gubernatorial election, he defeated incumbent Ted Strickland. Kasich was re-elected in 2014, defeating Democrat Ed FitzGerald by 30 percentage points. He unsuccessfully sought the Republican nomination in 2000 and in 2016. John Richard Kasich, Jr. was born and raised in McKees Rocks, Pennsylvania, an industrial town near Pittsburgh. Kasich is the son of Sr. who worked as a mail carrier. Kasich's father was of Czech descent, while his mother was of Croatian descent. Both mother were children of immigrants and were practicing Roman Catholics.John Kasich – John Kasich
11. Rand Paul – Randal Howard "Rand" Paul is an American politician and physician. Since 2011, he has been as a member of the Republican Party representing Kentucky. He is the son of former U.S. Representative Ron Paul of Texas. Born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, he is a graduate of the Duke University School of Medicine. He established his own clinic in December 2007. Throughout Paul's life, he volunteered for his father's campaigns. In 2010, he entered politics by running for a seat in the United States Senate. On April 2015, he officially announced his candidacy for the Republican nomination at the 2016 U.S. presidential election. Paul suspended his campaign on February 2016, shortly after the Iowa caucus, where he finished in 5th place out of the 12 Republican candidates. Randal Howard Paul was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, the son of Carol and Ron Paul, also a politician and physician. The elder Paul was a U.S. Representative from Texas and ran for President three times. The middle child of five, his siblings are Ronald "Ronnie" Paul Jr. Lori Paul Pyeatt, Robert Paul, Joy Paul-LeBlanc. He was identified as a practicing Christian as a teenager.Rand Paul – Rand Paul
12. Political positions of Rand Paul – Rand Paul is a member of the Republican Party, a U.S. Senator representing the state of Kentucky, a former candidate for President of the United States. His voting record was rated 26 % liberal in 2011 by National Journal. He considers himself to be a Tea Party follower, who wants smaller government. He has said that he identifies as both a "libertarian conservative." He has sought to reduce the funds lent to countries that hold U.S. debt. For his presidential campaign Paul stated, "As President of the United States, I will work to only spend what comes in. We must cut spending in all areas, particularly areas that are better run by state and local governments." He supports lowering taxes. Paul has criticized both Republicans and Democrats on spending. He has been a longtime opponent of 2008. For his presidential campaign, Paul has stated that he wants to audit the Federal Reserve. For too long, the Fed has been operating under a cloak of secrecy. The American people have a right to know what the Federal Reserve is doing with our nation's supply." Paul also opposes the Federal Reserve's control of the money supply and interest rates.Political positions of Rand Paul – Rand Paul's official portrait for the 112th Congress.
13. Democratic Party (United States) – The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party. The Democrats' dominant worldview was once classical liberalism, while, especially in the rural South, populism was its leading characteristic. Well into the 20th century, the party had conservative pro-business and southern conservative-populist anti-business wings. The New Deal Coalition of 1932–1964 attracted strong support from voters of recent European extraction—many of whom were Catholics based in the cities. After Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal of the 1930s the business wing withered outside the South. After the racial turmoil of the 1960s most southern whites and many northern Catholics moved into the Republican Party at the presidential level. The once-powerful labor union element became smaller and less supportive after 1970. White evangelicals and Southerners became heavily Republican at the state and local level in the 1990s. However, African Americans became a major Democratic element after 1964. After 2000, professional women moved toward the party as well. The Northeast and West Coast became Democratic strongholds by 1990 after the Republicans stopped appealing to socially liberal voters there. Overall the Democratic Party has retained a membership lead over its major rival the Republican Party. Today, the House Democratic caucus is composed mostly of progressives and centrists, with a smaller minority of conservative Democrats. The party's philosophy of modern liberalism advocates social and economic equality, along with the welfare state. It seeks to provide government intervention and regulation in the economy.Democratic Party (United States) – Andrew Jackson was the first Democratic President of the United States
14. Lincoln Chafee – Lincoln Davenport Chafee is an American politician from Rhode Island. Chafee is a member of the Democratic Party, having previously been a Republican until 2007. The son of Republican politician John Chafee, who served as the 66th Governor of Rhode Island, the United States Secretary of the Navy, a U.S. Senator from Rhode Island, Lincoln Chafee's first elected office was as a member of the Warwick City Council in 1985. Chafee's tenure in the United States Senate was characterized by his support for social policies that often opposed those promoted by the Republican Party. Chafee was defeated by Democrat Sheldon Whitehouse. In 2015, Chafee withdrew prior to the primaries. Lincoln Davenport Chafee was born on March 26, 1953, the son of Virginia and John Chafee. Henry Lippitt, was Governor of Rhode Island. Among his great-great-uncles are Rhode Island Governor Charles Warren Lippitt and United States Senator Henry Frederick Lippitt. Zechariah Chafee, was a Harvard law professor and a notable civil libertarian. The Chafee family was before moving south to Rhode Island. Chafee attended public schools in Warwick, Rhode Island, later, Phillips Academy. At Brown University, he in 1975 earned a Bachelor of Arts in Classics. Chafee then attended the Montana State University Farrier School in Bozeman.Lincoln Chafee – Lincoln Chafee
15. Terry McAuliffe – Terence Richard "Terry" McAuliffe is an American businessman and the 72nd Governor of Virginia. He was an unsuccessful candidate for the Democratic nomination in the 2009 gubernatorial election. In the 2013 gubernatorial election, he was unopposed in the Democratic primary. McAuliffe defeated Republican Ken Cuccinelli and Libertarian Robert Sarvis in the general election, collecting 47.8 % of the vote; Cuccinelli garnered Sarvis received 6.5 %. He assumed office on January 2014. McAuliffe was raised in Syracuse, New York, the son of Mildred Katherine and Jack McAuliffe. His father was local Democratic politician. The family is of Catholic descent. He graduated in 1975. In 1979, he earned a bachelor's degree from The Catholic University of America where he served as a resident adviser. After graduating, McAuliffe worked at President Jimmy Carter's campaign; he became the national finance director at twenty-two. Following the campaign, McAuliffe received his juris doctor degree in 1984. At age of 14, McAuliffe started his first business, McAuliffe Driveway Maintenance, parking lots. According to The Washington Post, McAuliffe has "earned millions as a banker, real estate developer, home builder, internet venture capitalist." In 1985, McAuliffe helped found the Federal City National Bank, a Washington, D.C.-based local bank.Terry McAuliffe – Terry McAuliffe
16. Martin O'Malley – Martin Joseph O'Malley is an American politician, the 61st Governor of Maryland from 2007 to 2015. He previously was a Baltimore City Councilor from 1991 to 1999. O'Malley served from 2011 to 2013, while being governor of Maryland. In 2011, he signed a law that would make illegal immigrants brought to the United States as children eligible for in-state college tuition. In 2012, he signed a law to legalize same-sex marriage in Maryland. Each law was upheld by the majority of the electorate. On February 1, 2016, he suspended his campaign after finishing third in the Iowa caucus. O'Malley was born on January 18, 1963, in Washington, D.C. the son of Barbara and Thomas Martin O'Malley. Thomas later became an assistant United States Attorney for the District of Columbia. O'Malley's father was of Irish descent, while his mother's ancestry includes Irish, German, Dutch and Scottish. He is an active member of the General Society of the War of 1812. O'Malley attended the Our Lady in Bethesda and Gonzaga College High School. He graduated in 1985. In December 1982, while still in college, O'Malley joined the Gary Hart presidential campaign for the 1984 election. In late 1983, he volunteered to go to Iowa where he phone-banked, organized volunteers, sang at small fundraisers and other events.Martin O'Malley – Governor O'Malley in December 2014
17. Xavier Becerra – Becerra, a member of the Democratic Party, is Chairman of the House Democratic Caucus. Born in Sacramento, California, he is a graduate of Stanford University, receiving his J.D. from Stanford Law School. Governor Jerry Brown selected Becerra to succeed Kamala Harris as the Attorney General following Harris' election to the United States Senate in 2016. Born in Sacramento, California, he is the son of working-class immigrants who immigrated from Jalisco, Mexico. As a young child he grew up with his three sisters. He graduated in 1976 from C.K. McClatchy High School located in central city Sacramento. Becerra was admitted to the State Bar of California in 1985. Becerra was initially a lawyer, working on cases involving individuals who had mental disorders for the Legal Assistance Corporation of Central Massachusetts. He worked for California State Senator Art Torres in 1986. Becerra served the Deputy Attorney-General under Attorney General John Van de Kamp from 1987 to 1990. Becerra later went on receiving 60 % of the vote. He served one-term in the State Assembly representing California's 59th district from 1990 to 1992. In 1992, 25th District Congressman Edward Roybal announced his retirement in Congress. He entered the race for the seat, renumbered after redistricting.Xavier Becerra – Xavier Becerra
18. Jerry Brown – Edmund Gerald "Jerry" Brown Jr. is an American politician and lawyer who has served as the 39th Governor of California since 2011. A member of Brown previously served as the 34th governor from 1975 to 1983, is the longest-serving governor in California history. Elected governor at age 36, Brown was the youngest California governor in 111 years. Brown ran against fellow Democrat and incumbent President Jimmy Carter in the 1980 primaries. While challengers to incumbent presidents seldom gain traction, the challenge by Senator Ted Kennedy of Massachusetts did, leaving Brown without any significant support. Brown declined instead running for the United States Senate in 1982. However, many considered his political career to be over. After six years out of politics, Brown returned to public life, serving as Mayor of Oakland, then Attorney General of California. The law limited a governor to two terms; however, the four living governors when the law was passed were still eligible for the election. Brown was re-elected with sixty percent of the vote. Brown's father was of half half German descent. Brown's great-grandfather August Schuckman, a German immigrant, settled during the California Gold Rush. Brown was a member of the California Cadet Corps at St. Ignatius High School, where he graduated in 1955. Brown graduated with a Juris Doctor in 1964. After school, Brown worked as a law clerk for California Supreme Court Justice Mathew Tobriner.Jerry Brown – Jerry Brown
19. Steve Bullock (Montana politician) – Stephen Clark "Steve" Bullock is an American politician, the 24th Governor of Montana. He has served in that office since 2013. He is a member of the Democratic Party. Bullock then entered private practice as an attorney for Steptoe & Johnson. Bullock was also an adjunct professor before opening his private law firm upon returning to Montana. In 2008, Bullock was elected Attorney General of Montana, where he served one term from 2009 to 2013. After incumbent Governor Brian Schweitzer was term-limited, he declared his candidacy on September 2011. He won with 87% of the vote in the Democratic primary election, defeated the Republican nominee, former U.S. Representative Rick Hill, in the general election, with 48% of the vote. In the gubernatorial election of 2016, Bullock won re-election with 50.2% of the vote, defeating Republican nominee Greg Gianforte. Bullock has been mentioned against incumbent Donald Trump. He was raised in the state capital. Bullock is the son of Penny, a school board trustee, administrator. He graduated from Helena High School in 1984. He received his undergraduate degree from Claremont McKenna College and his law degree with honors from Columbia Law School in New York.Steve Bullock (Montana politician) – Steve Bullock
20. Julian Castro – Julián Castro is an American Democratic politician, the United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development since July 28, 2014. Julián Castro was born in Texas, the son of Maria "Rosie" Castro and Jessie Guzman. Castro is the twin brother of current United States Representative Joaquín Castro. He once stated, "I are in public service. Up, she would take us to a lot of rallies and organizational meetings and other things that are very boring for an 8 -, 9 -, 10-year-old". Jessie Guzman, is a retired mathematics teacher and political activist. Never married, Rosie and Jessie separated when his brother were eight years old. Castro's Texan roots trace back to 1920, when Victoria Castro, joined extended family members there as a six-year-old orphan from northern Mexico. In 2007, he married an elementary school teacher. In 2009, their daughter Carina Castro was born. On December 2014, he announced via Twitter the birth of the couple's second child, a son, Cristián Julián Castro. Castro attended Thomas Jefferson High School in San Antonio, where he played football, tennis; he also collected trading cards. Castro graduated in 1992, ranking ninth in his class. Castro chose to attend Stanford University. Castro graduated with a bachelor's degree in political science and communications.Julian Castro – Julián Castro
21. Hillary Clinton – Hillary Diane Rodham Clinton is an American politician, the 67th United States Secretary of State from 2009 to 2013, U.S. After serving as a legal counsel, Clinton married Bill Clinton in 1975. In 1977, she co-founded Arkansas Advocates for Children and Families. As First Lady of Arkansas, Clinton led a force whose recommendations served on several corporate boards. As First Lady of the United States, she led the unsuccessful effort to enact the Clinton plan of 1993. In 1997 and 1999, she helped create the State Children's Health Insurance Program. She also tackled the problems of adoption and family safety and foster care. Her marriage survived the Lewinsky scandal, her role as first lady drew a polarized response from the public. She was elected as the female senator from New York, the only first lady ever to seek elective office. Following the September 11 terrorist attacks, she voted to approve the war in Afghanistan. She also voted for the Iraq Resolution. She took a leading role in investigating the health issues faced by 9/11 first responders. She further voted against the Bush tax cuts, against drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. She was re-elected to the Senate in 2006. Running for president in 2008, she won far more delegates than any previous female candidate, but lost the Democratic nomination to Barack Obama.Hillary Clinton – Clinton as Secretary of State in 2009
22. Political positions of Hillary Clinton – Senator from New York; and serving as the United States Secretary of State. During her time as Secretary of State she largely avoided taking stances on most political issues. In 2015, she announced her candidacy for the presidency. Clinton won the Democratic primaries and formally became the party's nominee at the 2016 Democratic National Convention. She lost the 2016 US presidential election despite winning the popular vote by more than 2.8 million votes. By August 2016, the Clinton campaign had released 38 policy proposals and 65 fact-sheets, totaling 112,735 words. I prefer ` progressive,' which has a American meaning, going back to the Progressive Era at the beginning of the 20th century." In a September 2015 Women for Hillary event, Clinton said, "You know, I get accused of being kind of moderate and center. I plead guilty." Just for the record, are you a progressive or a moderate?", Hillary answered "I’m a progressive. But I'm a progressive who likes to get things done. According to FiveThirtyEight's measure of political ideology, "Clinton was one of the most liberal members during her time in the Senate." Clinton's Crowdpac score is -6.4 on a left-right scale, where -10 is the most liberal and 10 is the most conservative. The score is based on a aggregation of campaign contributions, speeches. This places her slightly right to rival Bernie Sanders by 1.7 points and matches Barack Obama's score of -6.4.Political positions of Hillary Clinton – Hillary Clinton
23. Bill de Blasio – Bill de Blasio is an American politician, the 109th mayor of New York City. From 2010 to 2013, De Blasio held the citywide office of New York City public advocate. He is the Democratic mayor of the city since David Dinkins, from 1990 to 1993. De Blasio oversaw the beginning of body cameras worn by police. De Blasio also advocated for the Rent Act of 2015, which created an unprecedented rent city-wide for rent-stabilized apartments. His plan would allow developers to build taller buildings in exchange for constructing affordable units. He was born Warren Wilhelm Jr. in the borough of Manhattan. De Blasio is the third son of Maria and Warren Wilhelm. He was raised in Cambridge, Massachusetts. His mother graduated in 1938, she was the author of the book, The Other Italy: The Italian Resistance in World War II. She also served during World War II. His father graduated Phi Beta Kappa from Yale University. He has two older brothers, Steven and Donald. Author Donald Wilhelm, graduated from Harvard University. De Blasio was never confirmed.Bill de Blasio – His Honor Bill de Blasio
24. John Bel Edwards – John Bel Edwards is an American attorney and politician, the 56th and current Governor of Louisiana, having assumed office on January 11, 2016. He is a United States Army veteran, having served with the 82nd Airborne Division. He was formerly the Minority Leader of the Louisiana House of Representatives, when he represented the 72nd District for two terms. He left the legislature to run for governor in 2015. A Democrat, he defeated Republican U.S. Senator David Vitter in the second round of the 2015 election. Edwards graduated as valedictorian. Edwards completed Airborne School in 1986, while he was a student at West Point. After receiving his commission, he completed the Infantry Officer Basic Course at Fort Benning, the Infantry Officer Advanced Course. He ended his military career to return to Louisiana because of family considerations. As an attorney, Edwards handled a variety of cases, though he did not practice criminal law because of his brother's status as the local sheriff. Edwards is a conservative Democrat, pro-gun rights. In 2008, Edwards ran in the Louisiana House of Representatives. Edwards was forced into a general run-off with fellow attorney George Tucker. Edwards was overwhelmingly elected, winning every parish in the district.John Bel Edwards – John Bel Edwards
25. Jason Kander – Jason Kander is an American lawyer and Democratic Party politician. Kander was elected Secretary of State of Missouri in 2012, serving since January 2013. Kander previously served as a representative. Kander was an officer in the Army National Guard, achieving the rank of Captain. Kander was the Democratic nominee for the United States Senate, losing the 2016 Senate election to incumbent Roy Blunt. Jason Kander was born on May 1981, in Overland Park, Kansas, the son of Janet and Steve Kander. Kander graduated in 1999. Kander attended American University. After 9/11, Kander enlisted in the Army National Guard. While earning his degree at Georgetown University, Kander earned his commission through the University's ROTC battalion. After completing his degree, Kander volunteered for a tour in Afghanistan, where he served as a lieutenant. When he returned home, he took a position at Fort Leonard Wood. In 2010, he was named one of the Year Award. Kander was discharged honorably in 2011. He was elected in 2008.Jason Kander – Jason Kander
26. Caroline Kennedy – Caroline Bouvier Kennedy is an American author, attorney, diplomat, currently the United States Ambassador to Japan. Kennedy is the only surviving child of President John F. Kennedy and First Lady Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy. The following year, Caroline, brother settled on the Upper East Side of Manhattan, where she attended school. She worked at Manhattan's Metropolitan Museum of Art, where she met her future husband, exhibit designer Edwin Schlossberg. Kennedy went on to receive a J.D. degree from Columbia Law School. Most of Kennedy's professional life has spanned politics, as well as education reform and charitable work. Kennedy has also co-authored two books on civil liberties with Ellen Alderman. Congresswoman Kirsten Gillibrand ultimately replaced Clinton as the junior New York Senator. In 2013, President Obama appointed her to Japan. Caroline Bouvier Kennedy was born to John Fitzgerald Kennedy and Jacqueline Lee Bouvier Kennedy. Her parents had a daughter named Arabella a year before Caroline's birth. Caroline had John Jr. born just before her third birthday. Patrick, died two days after his premature birth in 1963. Caroline lived during the first three years of her life. When Caroline was three years old, her father was sworn as President of the United States and the family moved into the White House.Caroline Kennedy – Caroline Kennedy
27. John Kerry – John Forbes Kerry is an American diplomat and politician who serves as the 68th and current United States Secretary of State. Kerry previously served in the United States Senate, where he was chairman of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations. He was the Democratic nominee in the 2004 presidential election, losing narrowly to Republican incumbent George W. Bush. Kerry was born in Aurora, Colorado and attended boarding school in Massachusetts and New Hampshire. He graduated from Yale University in 1966 with a major in political science. For that service, Kerry was awarded combat medals that include three Purple Heart Medals. After receiving his J.D. from Boston College Law School, Kerry worked as an Assistant District Attorney in Massachusetts. On the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, he led a series of hearings from 1987 to 1989 which were a precursor to the Iran–Contra affair. He was re-elected in 1996, 2002, 2008. In his 2004 presidential campaign, Kerry criticized George W. Bush for the Iraq War. North Carolina Senator John Edwards, lost the election, finishing 35 electoral votes behind Vice President Dick Cheney. John Forbes Kerry was born at Fitzsimons Army Hospital. His father was raised Catholic and his mother was Episcopalian. Kerry was raised with an elder sister named a younger sister named a younger brother named Cameron. The children were raised in their father's faith; John Kerry served as an altar boy.John Kerry – John Kerry
28. Bernie Sanders – Bernard "Bernie" Sanders is an American politician, the junior United States Senator from Vermont since 2007. He has had the longest time in office of any independent in U.S. congressional history. Sanders is pro-labor and emphasizes reversing economic inequality. Many scholars consider his views to be more in line than democratic socialism. He was graduated from the University of Chicago in 1964. While a student he was an civil rights protest organizer for the Congress of Racial Equality and the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee. After settling in Vermont in 1968, he ran unsuccessful third-party campaigns to mid-1970s. As an independent, Sanders was elected mayor of Burlington -- Vermont's most populous city -- in 1981, where he was reelected three times. In 1990 Sanders was elected to represent Vermont's congressional district in the U.S. House of Representatives, where he co-founded the Congressional Progressive Caucus in 1991. Sanders served before being elected to the U.S. Senate in 2006. In 2012, Sanders was re-elected with 71 % of the popular vote. Polls indicate that he is among the senators most popular with their constituents, ranking third in 2014 and first in both 2016. In the 2016 general election, he received nearly six percent of Vermont's popular vote as a write-in candidate. He announced his campaign on April 30, 2015. Initially considered a long shot, he won approximately 43 % of pledged delegates to Clinton's 55 %.Bernie Sanders – Official Senate portrait of Sanders, 2007
29. Tom Steyer – Thomas Fahr "Tom" Steyer is an American hedge fund manager, philanthropist, environmentalist. Steyer is former co-senior managing partner of Farallon Capital and the co-founder of Beneficial State Bank, an Oakland-based community development bank. Farallon Capital manages $ billion in capital for institutions and high-net-worth individuals. The firm's institutional investors include college foundations. Since 1986, Steyer has been a member of the Executive Committee at Hellman & Friedman, a San Francisco-based $8 billion private equity firm. In 2010, his wife signed The Giving Pledge to donate half of their fortune to charity during their lifetime. Steyer is on the board of a non-profit that intends to tackle children's issues and the environment. Steyer is NextGen Climate's founder. He is active in political campaign fundraising. Tom Steyer was born in Manhattan. His mother was Episcopalian. He was captain of the Yale team. Steyer received his MBA from Stanford Business School, where he was an Arjay Miller Scholar. He has served on the Board of Trustees. After graduating from Yale, Steyer began his professional career in 1979.Tom Steyer – Tom Steyer
30. Elizabeth Warren – Elizabeth Ann Warren is an American academic and politician. Warren is the senior United States Senator from Massachusetts. A prominent scholar specializing in law, she was among the most cited in the field of commercial law before starting her political career. Warren is an active consumer protection advocate whose scholarship led to the conception and establishment of the U.S. Consumer Financial Protection Bureau. Warren is a frequent subject of media interviews regarding the American economy and personal finance. Following the 2008 financial crisis, she served as chair of the Congressional Oversight Panel created to oversee the Troubled Asset Relief Program. During the late 2000s, Warren was recognized as an increasingly influential public policy figure. In September 2011, she announced her candidacy for the U.S. Senate, challenging Republican incumbent Scott Brown. Warren won the general election on November 2012, becoming the first female Senator from Massachusetts. Warren was assigned to the Senate Special Committee on Aging; the Banking, Urban Affairs Committee; and the Health, Education, Labor, Pensions Committee. She is popular among American progressives. She remained neutral during the 2016 presidential primaries, endorsing presumptive nominee Hillary Clinton only after all fifty states had voted. On July 7, CNN reported that Warren was on a five-person shortlist to be Clinton's running mate. However, Clinton eventually chose Tim Kaine.Elizabeth Warren – Elizabeth Warren
31. Political positions of Elizabeth Warren – Elizabeth Warren is a senior United States Senator from Massachusetts, a member of the Democratic Party. In January 2012, New Statesman, named Warren as one of the "top 20 US progressives". Other members on the list include Paul Krugman, Michael Moore, Rachel Maddow. She believes that America has both a long-term jobs problem. Warren believes that the added money in circulation would help to build the economy well. She has a long record of working to assist small businesses. She supports making it easier for workers to organize for better wages, for better working conditions. She supports the Buffett Rule, which would restore the Clinton tax rates on the top bracket. Warren believes that the added revenues should be used to help students pay off their student loans. She supports investing in renewable energy rather than "hand out massive tax breaks to energy companies that are among the most profitable corporations in the world." Warren says that "long as we subsidize dirty sources like oil, gas, coal, we threaten the air we breathe and the water we drink." Warren also believes our reliance on gas"... puts us at the mercy of OPEC. Warren believes that, "Ultimately, it is the Afghans who must take responsibility for their own future." She states she supports a two solution however believes Palestinian application for membership in the UN isn't helpful. She has stated that Iran is a "significant threat" to its allies.Political positions of Elizabeth Warren – Senator Elizabeth Warren of Massachusetts
32. Libertarian Party (United States) – The Libertarian Party is a Libertarian political party in the United States that promotes civil liberties, non-interventionism, laissez-faire capitalism and the abolition of the welfare state. The party generally promotes a classical liberal platform, in contrast to the Democrats' modern liberalism and progressivism and the Republicans' conservatism. Gary Johnson, the party's presidential nominee in 2012 and 2016, states that the LP is more culturally liberal than Democrats, but more fiscally conservative than Republicans. Cultural policy positions include supporting gun ownership rights. Many libertarians believe in lowering the drinking age to 18. There are 411,250 voters registered as Libertarian in the 27 states that report Libertarian registration statistics and Washington, D.C. Three Libertarians were elected to the Alaska House of Representatives between 1978 and 1984 and another four to the New Hampshire General Court in 1992. Rhode Island State Representative Daniel P. Gordon was expelled from the Republicans and joined the Libertarian Party in 2011. Madsen in July. Ebke was not up for re-election in 2016. The first Libertarian National Convention was held in June 1972. In 1978, Dick Randolph of Alaska became the first elected Libertarian state legislator. In 1994, over 40 Libertarians were elected or appointed, a record for the party at that time. 1995 saw a soaring membership and voter registration for the party. In 1996, the Libertarian Party became the first third party to earn ballot status in all 50 states two presidential elections in a row.Libertarian Party (United States) – David Nolan, founder of the Libertarian Party.
33. Adam Kokesh – Adam Charles Kokesh is an American political activist. A decorated veteran of the War in Iraq, Kokesh came to disparage war and advocate resistance to power. His 2014 book FREEDOM! Outlines his beliefs and philosophy. Kokesh was born in San Francisco, California. He is the son of the now defunct Santa Fe Horse Park. Kokesh learned Arabic in Iraq. In February 2007, he became an active participant Against the War. Kokesh, wearing his Marine Corps Boonie hat, held up a sign counting the number of times Gonzalez said "I don't remember" or "I don't recall". In April 2007, a number of other activists were arrested for protesting the Iraq war in the Senate Hart Office Building. Kokesh had performed a ceremony for lost service members using an American flag. In June 2007, Kokesh along with IVAW members Liam Madden and Nate Lewis were arrested for crossing during an anti-war protest. A spokesperson for the IVAW said the three had accidentally stepped while talking to a guard. The trespass charges were dismissed. Kokesh enrolled at George Washington University.Adam Kokesh – Kokesh in 2013
34. Green Party (United States) – The Green Party of the United States is a green and progressive political party in the United States. On the political spectrum the party is generally seen as left-wing, in 2016 officially self-described as an "eco-socialist" party. The GPUS was founded in 2001 as the evolution of the Association of State Green Parties, formed in 1996. The ASGP had increasingly distanced itself from the G/GPUSA in the late 1990s. Nader was vilified by even some Greens, who accused him of spoiling the election for the Democratic candidate. The degree of Nader's impact on the 2000 election remains controversial. The GPUS had several members elected in state legislatures, including in California, Maine and Arkansas. A number of Greens around the United States hold positions on the municipal level, including on school boards, city councils and as mayors. The organization conducted grassroots organizing electoral campaigns. The G/GPUSA was recognized as a political party in 1991. Two Green party organizations have co-existed since. The Green Politics Network was organized in 1990 and The National Association of Statewide Green Parties formed by 1994. The Association of State Green Parties backed Nader's presidential runs in 2000. The G/GPUSA dropped its FEC national status in 2005. In 2016, Mark Salazar set a new record for a Green Party nominee for U.S. Congress.Green Party (United States) – John Eder, elected in Maine in 2002, was the first Green Party candidate elected to a state legislature to serve a full term as a Green.
35. Jill Stein – Jill Ellen Stein is an American physician, activist, politician. Stein was the Green Party's nominee for President in the 2012 and 2016 elections. Stein lost. She was raised in Highland Park, Illinois. Stein was raised in a Reform Jewish household, attending Chicago's North Shore Congregation Israel, a Reform synagogue. Stein now considers herself agnostic. She is married to Richard Rohrer, also a physician. They have two adult sons. In 1973, she graduated magna laude from Harvard College, where she studied psychology, sociology, anthropology. Stein then graduated in 1979. Stein also served at Harvard Medical School. Stein retired in 2005 and 2006 respectively. Since 1998, Stein has served for Social Responsibility. She also served as co-chair of the Lexington Solid Waste Action Team, a recycling committee in her hometown of Lexington, Massachusetts. The committee was later featured in the textbook Approaches to Sustainable Development: The Public University in the Regional Economy.Jill Stein – Jill Stein
36. Jeremy GableJeremy Gable – Gable at Philadelphia Theatre Company, 2013
37. Kanye West – Kanye Omari West is an American rapper, songwriter, record producer, fashion designer, entrepreneur. Music. He went on to pursue a variety of different styles on subsequent albums Late Registration, Graduation, 808s & Heartbreak. West released his abrasive sixth album, Yeezus, to further critical praise in 2013. His seventh album, The Life of Pablo, was released in 2016. Outside of music have received significant attention. He has been a frequent source of controversy for his conduct in public settings. He is the head of the creative DONDA. His 2014 marriage to television personality Kim Kardashian has also been subject to widespread media coverage. Three of his albums have been included and ranked on Rolling Stone's 2012 update of the "500 Greatest Albums of All Time" list. He has also been included in a number of Forbes annual lists. Time named him one of the 100 most influential people in the world in 2005 and 2015. West was born on June 8, 1977 in Atlanta, Georgia. His parents divorced when he was three years old. After the divorce, he and his mother moved to Chicago, Illinois.Kanye West – West performing at Lollapalooza in 2011