Template talk:Paralympic Summer Games Host Cities
|WikiProject Olympics / Paralympics||(Rated Template-class)|
|WikiProject Olympics / Paralympics||(Rated Template-class)|
1. Summer Olympics – The most recent Olympics were held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The International Olympic Committee organizes the games and oversees the host city's preparations. The Winter Olympic Games were created due to the success of the Summer Olympics. Eighteen countries have hosted the Summer Olympics. The United States has hosted four Summer Olympics, more than any other nation, Great Britain has hosted three Summer Olympics, all in London. Four cities have hosted two Summer Olympics: Tokyo. Tokyo is the first city outside of the Western world to host the Summer Olympics multiple times. Asia has hosted four times in China. The only Summer Olympics held in the Southern Hemisphere have been in Australia and Brazil. The 2016 Games are the first Summer Olympics to be held in South America and the first to be held during the local winter season. Africa has yet to host a Summer Olympics. Only five countries—Greece, Australia, France, Great Britain, Switzerland—have been represented at every Summer Olympic Games. The only country to have won at least one gold medal at every Summer Olympic Games is Great Britain. The United States leads the all-time medal table. Qualification rules for each of the Olympic sports are set by the International Sports Federations that governs that sport's international competition.Summer Olympics – The Olympic flame in London during the 2012 Summer Olympics.
2. Winter Olympics – The Winter Olympic Games is a major international sporting event that occurs once every four years. Unlike the Summer Olympics, the Winter Olympics feature sports practised on snow and ice. The first Winter Olympics, the 1924 Winter Olympics, was held in Chamonix, France. The original five sports were bobsleigh, skating. The Games were held every four years from 1924 until 1936, after which they were interrupted by World War II. The Olympics resumed in 1948 and was again held every four years. The Winter Games have evolved since its inception. Others have been discontinued and later reintroduced, or have been permanently discontinued. Still others, such as skiing, skijoring, never incorporated as Olympic sports. The rise of television as a global medium for communication enhanced the profile of the Games. It created an income stream, via the sale of broadcast rights and advertising, which has become lucrative for the IOC. This allowed outside interests, such as television companies and corporate sponsors, to exert influence. Nations have used the Winter Games to showcase the claimed superiority of their political systems. The Winter Olympics has been hosted on three continents by eleven different countries. The Games have been held in four times; in three times; and in Switzerland twice.Winter Olympics – The Olympic flame in Sochi during the 2014 Winter Olympics.
3. Bids for the 2016 Summer Olympics – Seven cities submitted bids for 2016 Summer Olympics and Paralympics on September 13, 2007, aiming to host the Games of the XXXI Olympiad. All of them were recognized on September 14, 2007 becoming Applicant cities. Those cities were Tokyo; the decisions were made during a meeting in Athens, Greece. The remaining Applicant cities -- Doha and Prague -- were eliminated. The four Candidate cities were selected according to a detailed study of the Applicant Files received on January 14, 2008. The four cities submitted the Candidature Files on February 11, 2009. They were analyzed by the IOC Evaluation Commission, which made site inspections in Madrid. Under the leadership of Nawal El Moutawakel, the Evaluation Commission released its report on September 2009; one month prior to the election. With the presence of the heads of state from all four Candidate cities, the 121st IOC Session took place on October 2, 2009. Before the vote, the IOC Evaluation Commission presented its report to the Session. Chicago fell in a three-round exhaustive ballot process. Rio de Janeiro defeated Madrid in the final round by 66 votes over 32, winning the rights to host Paralympics. Brazil will Rio de Janeiro the first city in South America to host the Summer Olympics. The announcement was made in a widely broadcast ceremony. Of the six cities that failed to be awarded the 2016 Olympics, four of them bid for the 2020 Summer Olympics.Bids for the 2016 Summer Olympics – A young girl adds her signature in support of Rio de Janeiro's candidacy to host the 2016 Olympic Games (January 2009)
4. Madrid bid for the 2016 Summer Olympics – The Madrid bid for the 2016 Summer Olympics and Paralympics was an unsuccessful bid, first recognized by the International Olympic Committee on September 14, 2007. Between May 9, 2009, the IOC Evaluation Commission, led by Nawal El Moutawakel, arrived in Madrid to assess the conditions of the city. The Commission attended technical presentations, made inspections in all the existing venues across the city. Rio de Janeiro won the final round in a three-round exhaustive ballot of the IOC. The Spanish Olympic Committee confirmed Madrid as its city to host the 2016 Summer Olympics and Paralympics on May 30, 2007. This is its third failure, after two failed attempts for the 1972 and the 2012 Summer Olympics. If successful, it would be the second Olympics hosted in Spain, after the 1992 Summer Olympics held in Barcelona. The International Olympic Committee launched the bidding process on May 16, 2007. The Madrid committee attended the 2016 Applicant Cities' Seminar in Lausanne, Switzerland, on October 18, 2007, where it learnt more about the bidding process. Madrid officials also followed the completion of the 2008 Summer Paralympics. The IOC announced that it had received the Candidature Files of all four candidate cities on February 2009. The Madrid 2016 Candidate File has three volumes covering 600 pages divided with 671 guarantees and 80 images. According to the Madrid committee, the dossier was produced by more than 150 people, who invested more than 16,000 hours of work. The front image includes the names of 350 of the 2,850 people who have been part of the formulation of the document. Madrid hosted the 1982 FIFA World Cup final.Madrid bid for the 2016 Summer Olympics – Moncloa "Lighthouse" with supporting slogan for Madrid's bid for 2016 Olympics.
5. Tokyo bid for the 2016 Summer Olympics – The Tokyo bid for the 2016 Summer Olympics and Paralympics was an unsuccessful bid, first recognized by the International Olympic Committee on September 14, 2007. Between April 19, 2009, the IOC Evaluation Commission, led by Nawal El Moutawakel, arrived in Tokyo to assess the conditions of the city. The Commission attended technical presentations, made inspections in all the existing venues across the city. Tokyo was eliminated in the second round of voting with only 20 votes in a exhaustive ballot of the IOC. The Japanese Olympic Committee nominated Tokyo over Fukuoka as its city to host the 2016 Summer Olympics and Paralympics on August 30, 2006. This is the country's third failure, after two failed attempts for the 2008 Summer Olympics. Recent Olympic Games in Asia in Beijing, China, hurt Tokyo's bid. The Japanese Olympic Committee set a deadline of June 2006, for cities to submit bids. It decided on August 2006, that Tokyo would be the country's candidate for 2016. The other internal candidate from Japan was the western city of Fukuoka on the island of Kyūshū. "It's Japan, so we can do it. The new Olympics!" in Japanese. As an "Alpha +" city, Tokyo is one of the world's largest and most interconnected cities. Tokyo has also been consistent in funding a strength compared to other bid cities. With over 124,000 hotel rooms nearby, ample accommodations is a highlighted strength of Tokyo's bid.Tokyo bid for the 2016 Summer Olympics – Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building lit in Olympic colours
6. Chicago bid for the 2016 Summer Olympics – The Chicago bid for the 2016 Summer Olympics and Paralympics was an unsuccessful bid, first recognized by the International Olympic Committee on September 14, 2007. In Chicago's bid, the games would have been held from July 22 with the Paralympics held between August 12 and 28. The bid included a plan for North Side, Downtown Loop and South celebration locations that would have had high-definition LED screens for unticketed visitors. Thus, the vast majority of athletes would have been close to their competitions. Between April 4 and 2009, the IOC Evaluation Commission, led by Nawal El Moutawakel, arrived in Chicago to assess the conditions of the city. The Commission attended technical presentations, made inspections in all the existing venues across the city. This is the city's third failure, after two failed attempts for the 1956 Summer Olympics. Numerous Olympic Games including the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, hurt Chicago's bid. Initially, five American cities vied for the 2016 Olympics: Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, San Francisco. The USOC's chairman at Peter Ueberroth, visited all potential host cities during April and May 2006. He visited Chicago on May 10. On July 2006, the United States Olympic Committee narrowed its list of American applicant cities to three: Chicago, Los Angeles and San Francisco. At about 21:00 UTC, Chicago was announced as the winner of the United States bid by Ueberroth. Chicago has had prior experience with Olympic bids. Chicago also bid without success.Chicago bid for the 2016 Summer Olympics – Chicago Skyline from Lake Michigan
7. Doha bid for the 2016 Summer Olympics – Doha, the capital city of Qatar, bid for the 2016 Summer Olympics. Doha was one of two cities in the Arab World, along with Cairo, Egypt to mount a serious bid. Doha's bid was eliminated from consideration when it failed to make the Candidate shortlist on June 4, 2008. Had Doha been chosen to host the games, they were to be held between October 30. The Paralympics were to be held between November 21. Hassan Ali Bin Ali was named the Chairman of the Doha 2016 Olympic Bid Committee. The bid was officially announced October 2007 at a festival on the Doha corniche. Pundits speculated that Doha's chances of being shortlisted were improved for that reason. US$ million was budgeted to secure the games. The centerpiece of the bid was the expansion of the Aspire Zone sports center, which also houses other facilities. The Aspire Zone hosted the 2006 Asian Games. It is also planning a paralympic stadium, although it is uncertain if it will still be constructed since the end of the bid. The Qatar government committed to financial guarantees that will cover any cost overruns. With sport as a d'etre, Qatar has invested in multimillion-dollar projects to upgrade Doha's infrastructure to premium international standards. The Qataris planned to utilize most from the 2006 Asian Games.Doha bid for the 2016 Summer Olympics – Bids for the 2016 (2016) Summer Olympics and Paralympics
8. Prague bid for the 2016 Summer Olympics – Prague, the capital city of the Czech Republic, bid for the 2016 Summer Olympics. Prague's bid was considered a bid to warm up for future Olympic campaigns. Prague's bid came on June 4, 2008 when it failed to make the Candidate city shortlist. After initial enthusiasm, the city considered canceling their bid. Nevertheless, the government went forward with its bid to become an city on January 14, 2008. If it had been chosen, Prague would have staged the Games between August 14. The subsequent Paralympics were to be held between September 13. On March 2007, Prague confirmed its bid when the Prague Assembly voted 53-10-3 in support of launching an official bid. Tomas Petera was the head of the Praha Olympijska company. This was the Czech Republic to host the Olympic Games. Recent experience includes the recent hosting the 2004 Men's World Ice Hockey Championships. The Czech Republic has a strong sports legacy, which appeals to the IOC. They have attended the Los Angeles 1984 Games. The Czechs have been especially proficient in gymnastics, for winter sports, hockey. This amount is short of IOC expectations and is far behind competing bids.Prague bid for the 2016 Summer Olympics – View of Prague
9. Baku bid for the 2016 Summer Olympics – Baku, the capital city of Azerbaijan, bid for the 2016 Summer Olympics. It was the first bid by the city to host the Olympic games. Baku was eliminated on June 2008. If Baku had been chosen to host, the games would have been held between July 2016. The Paralympics would have been held between August 10 and August 22. In July 2007, chairman of Azerbaijan's National Olympic Committee, told a conference that a group of economists was working on this issue. Baku is Azerbaijan's oil-rich capital city, on the shores of the Caspian Sea. To ensure quick turnaround, Sports Minister Azad Ragimov appointed the Caspian American Group to prepare the bid book with the assistance of the government. The bid was popular with residents, with 91.9% of residents being in favor of the bid. This was the highest rating of any of the applicants, most of which were in the 70s-80s range. One issue that appeals to the IOC is the sports or Olympic legacy of a host nation. Meanwhile, its long border with Iran may have caused concerns for a security risk. However, Iran itself expressed support for the Baku Olympic bid. In addition, the South Caucasus is a region with two political conflicts, which may have negatively influenced support of the regional Games. As an oil rich nation, Azerbaijan has plenty of money to fund the games.Baku bid for the 2016 Summer Olympics – View of Baku