Tragic Kingdom

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Tragic Kingdom
No Doubt - Tragic Kingdom.png
Studio album by No Doubt
Released October 10, 1995 (1995-10-10)
Recorded March 1993 – October 1995
Studio
Genre
Length 59:38
Label
Producer Matthew Wilder
No Doubt chronology
The Beacon Street Collection
(1995)The Beacon Street Collection1995
Tragic Kingdom
(1995)
Return of Saturn
(2000)Return of Saturn2000
Singles from Tragic Kingdom
  1. "Just a Girl"
    Released: September 21, 1995
  2. "Spiderwebs"
    Released: November 19, 1995
  3. "Don't Speak"
    Released: April 15, 1996
  4. "Excuse Me Mr."
    Released: August 21, 1996
  5. "Happy Now?"
    Released: January 20, 1997
  6. "Sunday Morning"
    Released: May 27, 1997
  7. "Hey You!"
    Released: February 23, 1998

Tragic Kingdom is the third studio album by American rock band No Doubt. It was released on October 10, 1995 by Trauma Records, a division of Interscope Records, it is the final album to feature original keyboardist Eric Stefani, who left the band in 1994. The album was produced by Matthew Wilder and recorded in 11 studios in the Greater Los Angeles Area between March 1993 and October 1995. Between 1995 and 1998, seven singles were released from it, including "Just a Girl", which charted on the Billboard Hot 100 and the UK Singles Chart; and "Don't Speak", which reached number one on the Billboard Hot 100 Airplay and peaked in the top five of many international charts.

The album received mostly positive reviews from music critics, at the 39th Annual Grammy Awards, No Doubt earned nominations for Best New Artist and Best Rock Album. It has sold over 16 million copies worldwide, and was certified diamond by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) in the United States and Canada, platinum in the United Kingdom, and triple platinum in Australia. Tragic Kingdom helped to initiate the ska revival of the 1990s, persuading record labels to sign more ska bands and helping them to attract more mainstream attention. The album was ranked number 441 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the 500 greatest albums of all time.

No Doubt embarked on a tour to promote the album, it was designed by Project X and lasted two and a half years. An early 1997 performance at the Arrowhead Pond of Anaheim was filmed and released as Live in the Tragic Kingdom on VHS and later DVD.

Background[edit]

No Doubt released their self-titled debut album in 1992, a year after being signed to Interscope, the album's pop-oriented sound sharply contrasted with grunge music, a genre which was very popular at the time in the United States.[1] The album sold 30,000 copies;[2][3] in the words of the program director of KROQ, a Los Angeles radio station on which it was one of the band's driving ambitions to be played, "it would take an act of God for this band to get on the radio."[3][4] The band began work on their second album in 1993,[3] but Interscope rejected most of the material, which was written by Gary Angle,[5] and paired the band with producer Matthew Wilder. Keyboardist Eric Stefani did not want to relinquish creative control to someone outside the band and eventually stopped recording and rehearsing,[6] he encouraged other members of the band to write songs, but sometimes felt threatened when they did. Eric became increasingly depressed, and in September 1994, he stopped attending rehearsals, though they were usually held at his house,[7] he soon left the band to pursue an animation career on the animated sitcom The Simpsons.[6] Bassist Tony Kanal then ended his seven-year relationship with Gwen Stefani.[8]

The band decided to produce their next album independently and recorded their second album, The Beacon Street Collection, in a homemade studio.[3] No Doubt's first two singles were released for The Beacon Street Collection: "Squeal" and "Doghouse", under their own record label, Beacon Street Records, despite limited availability, the album sold 100,000 copies in the year of its release.[3] Their independence attracted Interscope's attention and ensured that the label would fund a third album.[5]

Production[edit]

The title "Tragic Kingdom" is a play on words for Disneyland's nickname The Magic Kingdom.

Tragic Kingdom was recorded in 11 different studios in Los Angeles,[3] starting in March 1993 and finally being released two-and-a-half years later in October 1995.[3] During one of these recording sessions, the band was introduced to Paul Palmer, who had previously worked with Bush and was interested in working on No Doubt's new album, after mixing the first single with David J. Holman, "Just a Girl", Palmer and Holman went on to do the same to the rest of the record, he wanted to release the album on his own label, Trauma Records, which was already associated with Interscope, and succeeded in getting the contract.[9]

The album is named after the nickname Dumont's seventh grade teacher had for Disneyland, which is in Anaheim, California, where the band members grew up, it is a pun on the popular nickname for Disneyland—"The Magic Kingdom".[10] The album photography and portraits were taken by photographer fine artist Daniel Arsenault. Gwen is featured in the foreground while the rest of the band members are standing in an orange grove in the background. Gwen pushed for Eric to be included on the album cover—a source of tension for the band—reasoning that although he had left the band, he had still contributed substantially to the album. Eric is seen near the back of the picture, looking away from the camera,[7] the pictures on the cover and in the liner notes were taken on city streets in their native Orange County (namely Anaheim and City of Orange) and in orange groves. The red dress Gwen wears on the cover was loaned to the Hard Rock Cafe and was later displayed at the Fullerton Museum Center in an exhibit titled "The Orange Groove: Orange County's Rock n' Roll History",[11] the dress, appraised as high as US$5,000, was stolen from the exhibit in January 2005.[12]

Music and lyrics[edit]

Tragic Kingdom uses elements of a variety of musical genres. Third wave ska and ska punk (a fusion of ska and punk rock) are the genres most prominent on the album.[13][14][15] The album also uses elements of new wave, pop,[16][17] and post-grunge,[13] and dance rhythms influenced by reggae, ska, flamenco, and Tejano, among others.[18] Apart from No Doubt's instrumentation, the album uses horn sections on several songs.[16]

Many of the lyrics on Tragic Kingdom were written by lead vocalist Gwen Stefani, and were about her experiences in life, those from No Doubt and The Beacon Street Collection were written mainly by Eric Stefani, who left the band after Tragic Kingdom was finished.[19] Therefore, the style of music changed from what the band had previously produced. Guitarist Tom Dumont explained the change in sound in an interview for Backstage Online:

Singles[edit]

The first single released from Tragic Kingdom was "Just a Girl", which details Gwen Stefani's exasperation with female stereotypes and her father's concerned reaction to her driving home late from her boyfriend's house, it peaked at number 23 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart and number 10 on the Modern Rock Tracks chart.[20] The song also charted on the UK Singles Chart, where its original release peaked at number 38 and its reissue at number three,[21] the second single was "Spiderwebs", written about an uninterested woman who is trying to avoid the constant phone calls of a persistent man. It reached number five on the Billboard Modern Rock Tracks chart,[20] number 11 on the Billboard Top 40 Mainstream chart,[20] and number 16 on the UK Singles Chart.[21]

The third single was "Don't Speak", a ballad about the breakup of Stefani and Kanal's relationship, it peaked at number one on the Billboard Hot 100 Airplay, and maintained that position for 16 consecutive weeks, a record at the time, although it was broken in 1998 by the Goo Goo Dolls' "Iris" with 18 weeks.[22] The song was not eligible to chart on the Billboard Hot 100 because no commercial single was released, which was a requirement at the time,[23] the song also peaked at number two on the Modern Rock Tracks chart, at number six on the Adult Contemporary chart, at number one on the Adult Top 40 chart, and at number nine on the Rhythmic Top 40 chart.[20] The song also appeared on several international charts, reaching number one in Australia, Belgium, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom, number two in Austria and Germany, and number four in Finland and France.[21][24]

"Excuse Me Mr." and "Happy Now?" were released as the album's fourth and fifth singles, respectively. "Excuse Me Mr." reached number 17 on the Billboard Modern Rock Tracks chart[20] and number 11 in New Zealand,[25] but "Happy Now?" failed to chart anywhere.[20][26] "Sunday Morning" was released as the album's sixth single. It peaked at number 35 on the Billboard Top 40 Mainstream chart,[20] number 21 in Australia, number 42 in New Zealand, and number 55 in Sweden.[27] Composing the song began when Kanal was having a fight with Stefani, then his girlfriend, through the bathroom door of his parents' house in Yorba Linda, California. Stefani later changed the lyrics to discuss dealing with her breakup with Kanal.[28] "Hey You!" was released as the seventh and final single from Tragic Kingdom; it peaked at number 51 on the Dutch Single Top 100.[29] Despite being a Dutch-only single, a music video (directed by Sophie Muller) was made to promote the single.

Release and promotion[edit]

Tragic Kingdom was first released by Trauma and Interscope on October 10, 1995. The album did not appear on the Billboard 200 chart until the first week of January 1996.[30] To promote the album, Trauma launched a street campaign that targeted high school students and the skateboarding community. No Doubt performed on the Warped Tour, which was sponsored by several skateboarding companies, and at several skateboarding festivals, the album remained low on the Billboard 200 and did not enter the top 100 until February 1996, when it jumped 27 positions to number 89. Palmer attributed the jump to a Channel One News program that Stefani hosted in January 1996, which was broadcast in 12,000 classrooms, and the band's subsequent performance at a Blockbuster store in Fresno, California.[31]

In May 1996, the band worked with HMV, MuchMusic, and the Universal Music Group to put on a global in-store promotion. The band performed and answered questions in MuchMusic's studios in Toronto, Ontario, the session was broadcast live to HMV stores worldwide and on a webcast so that fans could watch and ask the band questions through MuchMusic's VJs. Sales of Tragic Kingdom doubled the week after the event, the event's sponsors lobbied Guinness World Records to create a category for the largest virtual in-store promotion to recognize the event.[32]

No Doubt embarked on the Tragic Kingdom Tour after the release of the album, it chose Project X, headed by Luc Lafortune and Michael Keeling, to design the stage. No Doubt suggested decorating the stage as a clearing in a forest. Project X created three anthropomorphic trees with glowing oranges, the show included clear and mylar confetti designed to look like rain. Lighting design was difficult because there were only four rehearsals, so the show was arranged to be flexible to allow for what Lafortune referred to as "a very kinetic performance",[33] the band expected to tour for two months, but the tour ended up lasting two and a half years.[34]

An early 1997 performance at the Arrowhead Pond of Anaheim was filmed[35] and was released as Live in the Tragic Kingdom on video cassette on November 11, 1997.[36] It was re-released on November 25, 2003 on DVD as part of the box set Boom Box,[37] which also contained The Singles 1992–2003, Everything in Time, and The Videos 1992–2003; and again on June 13, 2006 as a single DVD, containing bonus material of extra songs, a photo gallery, and an alternate version of "Don't Speak".[38]

Critical reception[edit]

Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
AllMusic 4/5 stars[13]
Encyclopedia of Popular Music 4/5 stars[39]
Entertainment Weekly C+[17]
Los Angeles Times 3/4 stars[40]
MusicHound Rock 3/5[41]
The Rolling Stone Album Guide 3.5/5 stars[42]
The Village Voice C+[15]

The album received mostly positive reviews from critics. David Fricke of Rolling Stone magazine gave a mostly positive review, describing Tragic Kingdom as "ear candy with good beats, not just bludgeon-by-numbers guitars" and its music as "a spry, white-suburban take on ska and Blondieesque pop". Fricke however described "Don't Speak" as "irritating swill" with "high-pitched rippling" from Gwen Stefani;[14] in 2003, the album was ranked number 441 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the 500 greatest albums of all time.[43] Entertainment Weekly magazine gave the album a C+ rating. Reviewer David Browne attributed the album's sales to Gwen Stefani's "leggy, bleached-blond calling card" and concluded that "sex still sells". Browne, however, described the music as "a hefty chunk of new-wave party bounce and Chili Peppers-style white-boy funk, with dashes of reggae, squealing hair-metal guitar, disco, ska-band horns" and the band as sounding like "savvy, lounge-bred pros". Individual songs were singled out and commented on: "Just a Girl" was described as "a chirpy, ska-tinged bopper", "Don't Speak" as "an old-fangled power ballad", "Sixteen" as a "song of solidarity with misunderstood teenage girls", and "Spiderwebs" and "End It on This" as "[Stefani] acknowledg[ing] obsessions with losers and tr[ying] to break free."[17]

Calling the album a marked improvement over "the diffuse, rambling songwriting of [No Doubt's] two previous CDs", Los Angeles Times critic Mike Boehm felt that on the album, "The band is bright, hard-hitting and kinetic, as sharp production captures the core, four-man instrumental team and adjunct horn section at their best";[40] in a favourable review for The Village Voice, critic Chuck Eddy felt that although "[the album] turns pretentious ... No Doubt resurrects the exuberance new-wave guys lost when '80s indie labels and college radio conned them into settling for slam-pit fits and wallflower wallpaper".[18] AllMusic called it "pure fun" and described the music as something "between '90s punk, third-wave ska, and pop sensibility" and a mix of "new wave melodicism, post-grunge rock, and West Coast sunshine", indicating the songs "Spiderwebs", "Just a Girl", and "Don't Speak" as "positively [ruling] the airwaves".[13] Yahoo! Music reviewer Bill Holdship called the album a "phenomenon" containing "hit after hit", and describing "Spiderwebs" as "a terrific opener".[44] Reviewer Robert Christgau gave the album a C+ rating, calling Stefani "hebephrenic" and the album "hyped up" and not "as songful as its fun-besotted partisans [claim]",[15] at the 1997 Grammy Awards, No Doubt were nominated for Best New Artist and Best Rock Album.[45]

Commercial performance[edit]

Tragic Kingdom eventually reached the top of the Billboard 200 in December 1996, with 229,000 copies sold in one week,[46] spending eight weeks atop the chart.[30] It was listed second on the 1997 Billboard 200 year-end chart, behind the Spice Girls' Spice,[47] on February 5, 1999, the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) certified the album diamond,[48] and as of July 2012, it had sold 8,167,000 copies in the United States.[49] By April 2004, the album had sold a total of 16 million copies worldwide,[34] the commercial success of Tragic Kingdom prompted record labels to sign ska bands, and more independent labels released ska records and compilations. Save Ferris's guitarist and vocalist Brian Mashburn stated that No Doubt helped allow bands like his receive attention from the mainstream.[50] Tragic Kingdom topped the Canadian Albums Chart in 1996,[51] and it was certified diamond by the Canadian Recording Industry Association (CRIA) in August 1997.[52] In Europe, the album topped the albums chart in Belgium, Finland, and Norway; reached the top five in Austria, Germany, the Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom; and placed in the top 20 in France.[53]

Track listing[edit]

No. Title Writer(s) Length
1. "Spiderwebs" 4:28
2. "Excuse Me Mr."
3:04
3. "Just a Girl"
  • G. Stefani
  • Dumont
3:28
4. "Happy Now?"
  • G. Stefani
  • Dumont
  • Kanal
3:43
5. "Different People"
4:34
6. "Hey You!"
  • G. Stefani
  • Kanal
3:34
7. "The Climb" E. Stefani 6:37
8. "Sixteen"
  • G. Stefani
  • Kanal
3:21
9. "Sunday Morning"
  • Kanal
  • G. Stefani
  • E. Stefani
4:33
10. "Don't Speak"
  • E. Stefani
  • G. Stefani
4:23
11. "You Can Do It"
  • G. Stefani
  • E. Stefani
  • Dumont
  • Kanal
4:13
12. "World Go 'Round"
  • Kanal
  • G. Stefani
4:09
13. "End It on This"
  • G. Stefani
  • Dumont
  • Kanal
  • E. Stefani
3:45
14. "Tragic Kingdom" E. Stefani 5:31

Personnel[edit]

Credits adapted from the liner notes of Tragic Kingdom.[54]

No Doubt

Additional personnel

  • Dan Arsenault – photography
  • Bill Bergman – saxophone (tracks 11, 12)
  • Ray Blair – recording (track 5)
  • Gerard Boisse – saxophone (tracks 5, 7, 14)
  • Stephen Bradley – keyboards, trumpet
  • Aloke Dasgupta – sitar (track 6)
  • Tony Ferguson – Interscope A&R direction
  • Albhy Galuten – director of paradigm (track 5)
  • Melissa Hasin – cello (tracks 8, 10)
  • David J. Holman – mixing
  • Matt Hyde – recording (tracks 1, 2, 13)
  • Phil Kaffel – recording (tracks 3–10, 14)
  • Rob Kahane – Trauma A&R direction
  • George Landress – recording (tracks 3, 6, 7)
  • Nick Lane – trombone (tracks 11, 12)
  • Les Lovitt – trumpet (tracks 11, 12)
  • Gabrial McNair – additional percussion, trombone
  • Patrick Miller – photography
  • Morbido / Bizarrio – creative director, design, digital imaging
  • Paul Palmer – mixing, Trauma A&R direction
  • Stephen Perkinssteel drums (track 1)
  • John "Tokes" Potoker – recording (tracks 11–13)
  • Shelly Robertson – photography
  • Brent Smith – Interscope A&R assistance
  • Greg Smith – baritone saxophone (tracks 11, 12)
  • Robert Vosgien – mastering
  • Matthew Wilder – production (all tracks); additional keyboards (tracks 3, 6)

Charts[edit]

Certifications[edit]

Region Certification Certified units/Sales
Australia (ARIA)[91] 4× Platinum 280,000^
Austria (IFPI Austria)[92] Gold 25,000*
Brazil (Pro-Música Brasil)[93] Gold 100,000*
Canada (Music Canada)[52] Diamond 1,000,000^
Finland (Musiikkituottajat)[94] Platinum 55,785[94]
France (SNEP)[95] 2× Gold 223,000[96]
Germany (BVMI)[97] Gold 250,000^
New Zealand (RMNZ)[98] 5× Platinum 75,000^
Norway (IFPI Norway)[99] Platinum 50,000*
Spain (PROMUSICAE)[100] Platinum 100,000^
Sweden (GLF)[101] 2× Platinum 200,000^
Switzerland (IFPI Switzerland)[102] Platinum 50,000^
United Kingdom (BPI)[103] Platinum 533,172[104]
United States (RIAA)[48] Diamond 8,167,000[49]
Summaries
Europe (IFPI)[105] 2× Platinum 2,000,000*

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bush, John. "No Doubt – No Doubt". AllMusic. Retrieved January 3, 2013. 
  2. ^ Vineyard, Jennifer (December 28, 2016). "Tunes and 'Toons". OC Weekly. Retrieved August 31, 2008. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "Timeline". NoDoubt.com. Archived from the original on February 23, 2009. Retrieved October 20, 2008. 
  4. ^ Tyrangiel, Josh (April 10, 2000). "Two-Hit Wonders". Time. Vol. 155 no. 14. Chicago. pp. Visions 21. ISSN 0040-781X.  Retrieved on May 3, 2007.
  5. ^ a b "No Doubt". AllMusic. Retrieved August 7, 2009. 
  6. ^ a b "No Doubt". Behind the Music. VH1.  April 9, 2000.
  7. ^ a b Heath, Chris (May 1, 1997). "Snap! Crackle! Pop!". Rolling Stone. No. 759. New York. ISSN 0035-791X. 
  8. ^ "Gwen Stefani". Born to Be. March 2000. MuchMusic. 
  9. ^ Sandler, Adam (May 28, 1997). "Interscope facing Trauma in $100 million lawsuit". Variety. Retrieved December 28, 2016. 
  10. ^ "No Doubt's 'Tragic Kingdom'". MTV News. April 8, 1996. Retrieved December 28, 2016. 
  11. ^ Rashbaum, Alyssa; Vineyard, Jennifer (January 12, 2005). "Gwen Stefani's Tragic Kingdom Dress Jacked From O.C. Museum". MTV News. Retrieved December 28, 2016. 
  12. ^ "Pop star Stefani's dress stolen". BBC News Online. January 14, 2005. Retrieved January 3, 2013. 
  13. ^ a b c d Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Tragic Kingdom – No Doubt". AllMusic. Retrieved October 27, 2008. 
  14. ^ a b Fricke, David (December 9, 1996). "No Doubt: Tragic Kingdom". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media. Archived from the original on January 3, 2008. Retrieved October 27, 2008. 
  15. ^ a b c Christgau, Robert (December 3, 1996). "Consumer Guide: Turkey Shoot". The Village Voice. New York. Retrieved October 27, 2008. 
  16. ^ a b Warrell, Adrienne (April 9, 2009). "No Doubt, "Tragic Kingdom" 1995". 34th Street Magazine. Archived from the original on April 13, 2009. Retrieved July 26, 2009. 
  17. ^ a b c Browne, David (August 2, 1996). "Tragic Kingdom". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved December 28, 2016. 
  18. ^ a b Eddy, Chuck (April 16, 1996). "She Bop". The Village Voice. 41 (16). New York. p. 60. ISSN 0042-6180. 
  19. ^ a b Zelig, Evan (October 31, 1996). "Interview with Tom Dumont". NoDoubt.com (rehosted due to site difficulties). Retrieved July 29, 2009. 
  20. ^ a b c d e f g "No Doubt | Awards". AllMusic. Archived from the original on September 6, 2014. Retrieved December 28, 2016. 
  21. ^ a b c "No Doubt". Official Charts Company. Retrieved December 28, 2016. 
  22. ^ Cummings, John. "Jesus of Cool: Talking Hot 100 Blues, with Geoff Mayfield". Popdose. Retrieved August 7, 2009. 
  23. ^ "Billboard Hot 100 Chart 50th Anniversary". Billboard. 2008. Archived from the original on May 29, 2009. Retrieved August 7, 2009. 
  24. ^ "No Doubt – Don't Speak". Ultratop. Hung Medien. Retrieved August 7, 2009. 
  25. ^ "No Doubt – Excuse Me Mr.". charts.org.nz. Hung Medien. Retrieved August 7, 2009. 
  26. ^ "No Doubt – Happy Now?". australian-charts.com. Hung Medien. Retrieved July 23, 2009. 
  27. ^ "No Doubt – Sunday Morning". australian-charts.com. Hung Medien. Retrieved August 7, 2009. 
  28. ^ Montoya, Paris; Lanham, Tom. "Sunday Morning". 2003. The Singles 1992–2003 liner notes.
  29. ^ "No Doubt – Hey You" (in Dutch). dutchcharts.nl. Hung Medien. Retrieved August 7, 2009. 
  30. ^ a b Basham, David (March 14, 2002). "Got Charts? The Long Road To #1 — And Those Who Rocked It". MTV News. Retrieved December 28, 2016. 
  31. ^ Borzillo, Carrie (February 10, 1996). "Trauma's No Doubt Keeps Faith". Billboard. Vol. 108 no. 6. New York. p. 89. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved December 28, 2016. 
  32. ^ Smallbridge, Justin (June 16, 1997). "Show and sell". Marketing. Vol. 102 no. 23. Toronto. p. 15. ISSN 1196-4650. 
  33. ^ McHugh, Catherine (August–September 1997). "Keys to the Kingdom". Theatre Crafts International. Vol. 31 no. 7. New York. ISSN 1063-9497. 
  34. ^ a b Van Meter, Jonathan (April 2004). "The First Lady of Rock". Vogue. Vol. 194 no. 4. New York. ISSN 0042-8000. 
  35. ^ "No Doubt: Live in the Tragic Kingdom (1997)". AllMovie. Retrieved September 11, 2009. 
  36. ^ "Live in the Tragic Kingdom – No Doubt". AllMusic. Retrieved September 11, 2009. 
  37. ^ "Boom Box – No Doubt". AllMusic. Retrieved September 11, 2009. 
  38. ^ "Live in the Tragic Kingdom [2006] – No Doubt". AllMusic. Retrieved September 11, 2009. 
  39. ^ Larkin, Colin (2011). "No Doubt". The Encyclopedia of Popular Music (5th concise ed.). Omnibus Press. ISBN 0857125958. 
  40. ^ a b Boehm, Mike (November 13, 1995). "'Kingdom' Is Band's Best Yet, No Doubt". Los Angeles Times. 
  41. ^ Graff, Gary; Durchholz, Daniel, eds. (1999). "No Doubt". MusicHound Rock: The Essential Album Guide. Farmington Hills, MI: Visible Ink Press. ISBN 1-57859-061-2. 
  42. ^ Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian, eds. (2004). "No Doubt". The New Rolling Stone Album Guide. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0743201698. 
  43. ^ "The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time". Rolling Stone. No. 937. New York. November 1, 2003. p. 170. ISSN 0035-791X. 
  44. ^ Holdship, Bill (October 10, 1995). "Review of 'Tragic Kingdom'". Yahoo!. Archived from the original on October 11, 2008. Retrieved October 27, 2008. 
  45. ^ Strauss, Neil (January 8, 1997). "Babyface, Celine Dion And Pumpkins Compete For Multiple Grammys". The New York Times. Retrieved December 28, 2016. 
  46. ^ Mayfield, Geoff (December 21, 1996). "Between the Bullets: Mixed Blessings". Billboard. Vol. 108 no. 51. New York. p. 92. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved December 28, 2016. 
  47. ^ a b "Billboard 200 Albums – Year-End 1997". Billboard. Retrieved January 3, 2012. 
  48. ^ a b "American album certifications – No Doubt – Tragic Kingdom". Recording Industry Association of America. February 5, 1999. Retrieved July 16, 2011.  If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH
  49. ^ a b Trust, Gary (July 29, 2012). "Ask Billboard: Olympic-Sized Gold (Medal) Records". Billboard. Retrieved September 15, 2012. 
  50. ^ Bell, Carrie (October 18, 1997). "Ska Fever Surges Into A New Era". Billboard. Vol. 109 no. 42. New York. p. 93. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved December 28, 2016. 
  51. ^ a b "No Doubt – Chart history" Billboard Canadian Albums Chart for No Doubt. Retrieved December 28, 2016.
  52. ^ a b "Canadian album certifications – No Doubt – Tragic Kingdom". Music Canada. August 15, 1997. Retrieved July 30, 2011. 
  53. ^ a b "Ultratop.be – No Doubt – Tragic Kingdom" (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Retrieved July 16, 2011.
  54. ^ Tragic Kingdom (CD liner notes). No Doubt. Interscope Records. 1995. INTD-92580. 
  55. ^ "Australiancharts.com – No Doubt – Tragic Kingdom". Hung Medien. Retrieved December 28, 2016.
  56. ^ "Austriancharts.at – No Doubt – Tragic Kingdom" (in German). Hung Medien. Retrieved December 28, 2016.
  57. ^ "Ultratop.be – No Doubt – Tragic Kingdom" (in French). Hung Medien. Retrieved July 16, 2011.
  58. ^ "No Doubt / Tragic Kingdom". TOP20.dk. Archived from the original on September 29, 2011. Retrieved July 16, 2011. 
  59. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – No Doubt – Tragic Kingdom" (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Retrieved December 28, 2016.
  60. ^ a b c "Hits of the World". Billboard. Vol. 109 no. 8. February 22, 1997. pp. 38–39. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved December 28, 2016. 
  61. ^ "No Doubt: Tragic Kingdom" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland. Retrieved December 28, 2016.
  62. ^ "Lescharts.com – No Doubt – Tragic Kingdom". Hung Medien. Retrieved December 28, 2016.
  63. ^ "Offiziellecharts.de – No Doubt – Tragic Kingdom" (in German). GfK Entertainment Charts. Retrieved December 28, 2016.
  64. ^ "Top 40 album DVD és válogatáslemez-lista – 1997. 7. hét" (in Hungarian). MAHASZ. Retrieved December 28, 2016.
  65. ^ ノー・ダウトのアルバム売り上げランキング [No Doubt album sales ranking] (in Japanese). Oricon. Archived from the original on December 8, 2013. Retrieved July 16, 2011. 
  66. ^ "Charts.org.nz – No Doubt – Tragic Kingdom". Hung Medien. Retrieved December 28, 2016.
  67. ^ "Norwegiancharts.com – No Doubt – Tragic Kingdom". Hung Medien. Retrieved December 28, 2016.
  68. ^ "Hits of the World". Billboard. Vol. 109 no. 7. February 15, 1997. p. 55. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved December 28, 2016. 
  69. ^ "Official Scottish Albums Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved December 22, 2016.
  70. ^ "Swedishcharts.com – No Doubt – Tragic Kingdom". Hung Medien. Retrieved December 28, 2016.
  71. ^ "Swisscharts.com – No Doubt – Tragic Kingdom". Hung Medien. Retrieved December 28, 2016.
  72. ^ "No Doubt | Artist | Official Charts". UK Albums Chart Retrieved December 28, 2016.
  73. ^ "Official Rock & Metal Albums Chart Top 40". Official Charts Company. Retrieved January 2, 2017.
  74. ^ "No Doubt – Chart history" Billboard 200 for No Doubt. Retrieved December 28, 2016.
  75. ^ "Year End Top 100 Albums". RPM. Vol. 64 no. 18. December 16, 1996. ISSN 0315-5994. Retrieved January 10, 2017. 
  76. ^ "Billboard 200 Albums – Year-End 1996". Billboard. Retrieved January 10, 2017. 
  77. ^ "ARIA Charts – End Of Year Charts – Top 100 Albums 1997". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved July 16, 2011. 
  78. ^ "Jahreshitparade Alben 1997" (in German). austriancharts.at. Hung Medien. Retrieved December 28, 2016. 
  79. ^ "Jaaroverzichten 1997" (in Dutch). Ultratop. Hung Medien. Retrieved July 16, 2011. 
  80. ^ "Rapports Annuels 1997" (in French). Ultratop. Hung Medien. Retrieved July 16, 2011. 
  81. ^ "Chart of the Year 1997". TOP20.dk. Archived from the original on September 28, 2012. Retrieved July 16, 2011. 
  82. ^ "Jaaroverzichten – Album 1997" (in Dutch). dutchcharts.nl. Hung Medien. Retrieved June 27, 2014. 
  83. ^ "Classement Albums – année 1997" (in French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. Archived from the original on October 11, 2012. Retrieved July 16, 2011. 
  84. ^ "Top 100 Album-Jahrescharts – 1997" (in German). GfK Entertainment. Retrieved September 8, 2016. 
  85. ^ "Top Selling Albums of 1997". Recorded Music NZ. Retrieved December 29, 2016. 
  86. ^ "Årslista Album (inkl samlingar) – År 1997" (in Swedish). Sverigetopplistan. Archived from the original on June 14, 2015. Retrieved June 27, 2014. 
  87. ^ "Swiss Year-End Charts 1997". swisscharts.com. Hung Medien. Retrieved December 28, 2016. 
  88. ^ "End of Year Album Chart Top 100 – 1997". Official Charts Company. Retrieved December 28, 2016. 
  89. ^ Mayfield, Geoff (December 25, 1999). "Top Pop Albums of the '90s". Billboard. Vol. 111 no. 52. p. YE-20. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved December 28, 2016. 
  90. ^ "Greatest of All Time Billboard 200 Albums". Billboard. Retrieved December 28, 2016. 
  91. ^ "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 1998 Albums". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved July 16, 2011. 
  92. ^ "Austrian album certifications – No Doubt – Tragic Kingdom" (in German). IFPI Austria. February 18, 1997. Retrieved July 16, 2011.  Enter No Doubt in the field Interpret. Enter Tragic Kingdom in the field Titel. Select album in the field Format. Click Suchen
  93. ^ "Brazilian album certifications – No Doubt – Tragic Kingdom" (in Portuguese). Associação Brasileira dos Produtores de Discos. Retrieved January 22, 2017. 
  94. ^ a b "No Doubt" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland. Retrieved July 16, 2011. 
  95. ^ "French album certifications – No Doubt – Tragic Kingdom" (in French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. November 27, 1997. Retrieved July 16, 2011. 
  96. ^ "Les Albums Double Or" (in French). InfoDisc. Archived from the original on November 10, 2013. Retrieved December 11, 2013. 
  97. ^ "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (No Doubt; 'Tragic Kingdom')" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie. Retrieved July 16, 2011. 
  98. ^ "Latest Gold / Platinum Albums". RadioScope New Zealand. August 17, 2008. Archived from the original on June 2, 2010. Retrieved July 16, 2011. 
  99. ^ "Trofeer" (in Norwegian). IFPI Norway. Archived from the original on November 5, 2012. Retrieved December 11, 2013. 
  100. ^ Salaverrie, Fernando (September 2005). Sólo éxitos: año a año, 1959–2002 (PDF) (1st ed.). Madrid: Fundación Autor/SGAE. p. 945. ISBN 84-8048-639-2. Retrieved January 8, 2017. 
  101. ^ "Guld- och Platinacertifikat − År 1987−1998" (PDF) (in Swedish). IFPI Sweden. October 30, 1997. Retrieved July 16, 2011. 
  102. ^ "The Official Swiss Charts and Music Community: Awards (No Doubt; 'Tragic Kingdom')". IFPI Switzerland. Hung Medien. Retrieved July 16, 2011. 
  103. ^ "British album certifications – No Doubt – Tragic Kingdom". British Phonographic Industry. November 7, 1997. Retrieved July 16, 2011.  Enter Tragic Kingdom in the field Keywords. Select Title in the field Search by. Select album in the field By Format. Select Platinum in the field By Award. Click Search
  104. ^ Jones, Alan (March 25, 2016). "Official Charts Analysis: Adele holds off James, Iggy at albums summit". Music Week. Retrieved March 26, 2016. (Subscription required (help)). 
  105. ^ "IFPI Platinum Europe Awards – 1997". International Federation of the Phonographic Industry. Retrieved July 16, 2011.