Twenty-seventh Dynasty of Egypt

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Province of Achaemenid Empire

525 BC–402 BC
Historical era Achaemenid era
 •  Battle of Pelusium 525 BC
 •  Disestablished 402 BC

The Twenty-seventh Dynasty of Egypt also known as the First Egyptian Satrapy was effectively a province (satrapy) of the Achaemenid Persian Empire between 525 BC to 402 BC.


The last pharaoh of the 26th Dynasty, Psamtik III, was defeated by Cambyses II of Persia in the battle of Pelusium in the eastern Nile delta in May of 525 BC. Egypt was then joined with Cyprus and Phoenicia in the sixth satrapy of the Achaemenid Empire. Thus began the first period of Persian rule over Egypt (also known as the 27th Dynasty), which ended around 402 BC.

After an interval of independence, during which three indigenous dynasties reigned: the 28th, 29th, and 30th Dynasty. Artaxerxes III (358 BC) reconquered the Nile valley for a brief second period (343 BC), which is called the 31st Dynasty of Egypt.


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