USS LST-478

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USS LST-478 and USS LST-20 unloading on the beach at Kiska Island, Alaska, 23 August 1943. Just visible In the distance is the Japanese cargo ship Nozina Maru, beached by the Japanese after bombing by American forces.
USS LST-478 and LST-20, unloading on the beach at Kiska Island, Alaska, 23 August 1943. Just visible In the distance is the Japanese cargo ship Nozina Maru, beached by the Japanese after bombing by American forces.
History
United States
Name: LST-478
Ordered: as a Type S3-M-K2 hull, MCE hull 998[1]
Builder: Permanente Metals Corporation, Richmond, California
Yard number: 33[1]
Laid down: 17 August 1942
Launched: 7 November 1942
Commissioned: 13 March 1943
Decommissioned: 23 March 1946
Identification:
Honors and
awards:
Silver-service-star-3d.png 5 × battle stars
Fate: assigned to Commander Naval Forces Far East
Japan
Operator: Shipping Control Authority for Japan
In service: 23 March 1946
Out of service: date unknown
Renamed: Q100
Struck: 28 August 1947
Fate: transferred to Maritime Administration (MARAD), 25 March 1948
United States
Operator: MARAD
Status: sold for scrapping, 25 March 1948
General characteristics [2]
Class and type: LST-1-class tank landing ship
Displacement:
  • 1,625 long tons (1,651 t) (light)
  • 4,080 long tons (4,145 t) (full (seagoing draft with 1,675 short tons (1,520 t) load)
  • 2,366 long tons (2,404 t) (beaching)
Length: 328 ft (100 m) oa
Beam: 50 ft (15 m)
Draft:
  • Unloaded: 2 ft 4 in (0.71 m) forward; 7 ft 6 in (2.29 m) aft
  • Full load: 8 ft 2 in (2.49 m) forward; 14 ft 1 in (4.29 m) aft
  • Landing with 500 short tons (450 t) load: 3 ft 11 in (1.19 m) forward; 9 ft 10 in (3.00 m) aft
Installed power:
Propulsion:
Speed: 12 kn (22 km/h; 14 mph)
Range: 24,000 nmi (44,000 km; 28,000 mi) at 9 kn (17 km/h; 10 mph) while displacing 3,960 long tons (4,024 t)
Boats & landing
craft carried:
2 x LCVPs
Capacity: 1,600–1,900 short tons (3,200,000–3,800,000 lb; 1,500,000–1,700,000 kg) cargo depending on mission
Troops: 16 officers, 147 enlisted men
Complement: 13 officers, 104 enlisted men
Armament:
Service record
Part of: LST Flotilla 3
Operations:
Awards:

USS LST-478 was a United States Navy LST-1-class tank landing ship used in the Asiatic-Pacific Theater during World War II.

Construction[edit]

LST-478 was laid down on 17 August 1942, under Maritime Commission (MARCOM) contract, MC hull 998, by Kaiser Shipyards, Yard No. 4, Richmond, California; launched on 7 November 1942; and commissioned on 13 March 1943,[1] with Lieutenant H. F. Holmshaw in command.[3]

Service history[edit]

During the war, LST-478 was assigned to the Asiatic-Pacific Theater, she took part in the Gilbert Islands operation November and December 1943; the Battle of Hollandia in April 1944; the Battle of Guam in July 1944; the Battle of Leyte landing in October 1944; and the Battle of Okinawa in April 1945.[3]

Post-war service[edit]

Following the war, LST-478 performed occupation duty in the Far East until mid-March 1946. Upon her return to the United States and was decommissioned on 23 March 1946, and struck from the Navy list on 28 August 1947, on 25 March 1948, the ship was sold to the Consolidated Builders, Inc., Seattle, Washington, and subsequently scrapped.[3]

Honors and awards[edit]

LST-478 earned five battle stars for her World War II service.[3]


Notes[edit]

Citations

Bibliography[edit]

Online resources

External links[edit]