United States Ambassador to India

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Ambassador of the United States to India
भारत के संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिकी राजदूत
Seal of the United States Department of State.svg
Seal of the United States Department of State
Incumbent
Vacant

since January 20, 2017
Nominator The President of the United States
Inaugural holder George R. Merrell
as Chargé d'Affaires ad interim
Formation November 1, 1946
Website U.S. Embassy - New Delhi

The United States Ambassador to India is the chief diplomatic representative of United States in India. The U.S. Ambassador's office is situated at the U.S. Embassy in New Delhi.

Chiefs of Mission to India[edit]

U.S. Ambassadors to the Dominion of India (1947-1950)[edit]

President George Washington, on November 19, 1792, nominated Benjamin Joy of Newbury Port as the first American Consul to Kolkata and later commissioned Joy to that office on November 21, 1792.[1]

Name State Status Title Appointment Credentials
Presented
Termination
of Mission
Notes
Henry F. Grady California Non-career appointee Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary April 10, 1947 July 1, 1947 Left post, June 22, 1948 Accredited also to Nepal; resident at New Delhi.
Loy W. Henderson Colorado Foreign Service officer Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary July 14, 1948 November 19, 1948 Re-accredited when India became a republic; presented new credentials February 24, 1950 Commissioned during a recess of the Senate; recommissioned after confirmation on March 2, 1949. Also accredited to Nepal; resident at New Delhi.

U.S. Ambassadors to the Republic of India (1950-present)[edit]

Name State Status Title Appointment Credentials
Presented
Termination
of Mission
Notes
Loy W. Henderson Colorado Foreign Service officer Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary February 24, 1950 September 21, 1951 Reaccredited when India became a republic; presented new credentials Feb 24, 1950; left post Sep 21, 1951; commissioned during a recess of the Senate; recommissioned after confirmation on Mar 2, 1949. Also accredited to Nepal; resident at New Delhi.
Chester Bowles Connecticut Non-career appointee Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary October 10, 1951 November 1, 1951 Left post, Mar 23, 1953 Also accredited to Nepal; resident at New Delhi.
George V. Allen North Carolina Foreign Service officer Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary March 11, 1953 May 4, 1953 Left post, November 30, 1954 Also accredited to Nepal; resident at New Delhi.
John Sherman Cooper Kentucky Non-career appointee Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary February 4, 1955 April 9, 1955 Left post, April 23, 1956 Also accredited to Nepal; resident at New Delhi.
Ellsworth Bunker Vermont Non-career appointee Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary November 28, 1956 March 4, 1957 Left India, March 23, 1961 Also accredited to Nepal; resident at New Delhi. Commissioned during a recess of the Senate; recommissioned after confirmation on January 25, 1957.
John Kenneth Galbraith Massachusetts Non-career appointee Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary March 29, 1961 April 18, 1961 Left post, Jul 12, 1963
Chester Bowles Connecticut Non-career appointee Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary May 3, 1963 July 19, 1963 Left post, April 21, 1969
Kenneth B. Keating New York Non-career appointee Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary May 1, 1969 July 2, 1969 Left post, July 26, 1972
Daniel P. Moynihan New York Non-career appointee Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary February 8, 1973 February 28, 1973 Left post, January 7, 1975
William B. Saxbe Ohio Non-career appointee Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary February 3, 1975 March 8, 1975 Left post, November 20, 1976
Robert F. Goheen New Jersey Non-career appointee Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary April 26, 1977 May 26, 1977 Left post, December 10, 1980
Harry G. Barnes, Jr. Maryland Foreign Service officer Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary October 1, 1981 November 17, 1981 Left post, June 27, 1985
John Gunther Dean New York Foreign Service officer Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary August 2, 1985 September 6, 1985 Left post November 7, 1988
John R. Hubbard California Non-career appointee Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary November 22, 1988 December 27, 1988 Left post November 15, 1989 Commissioned during a recess of the Senate.
William Clark, Jr. District of Columbia Foreign Service officer Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary October 10, 1989 December 22, 1989 Left post, July 2, 1992
Thomas R. Pickering New Jersey Foreign Service officer Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary April 6, 1992 August 14, 1992 Left post, March 23, 1993 Kenneth Brill served as Chargé d'Affaires ad interim, March 1993-August 1994.
Frank G. Wisner District of Columbia Foreign Service officer Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary June 9, 1994 August 2, 1994 Left post, July 12, 1997
Richard Frank Celeste Ohio Non-career appointee Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary November 10, 1997 November 28, 1997 Left post April 25, 2001
Robert Blackwill Kansas Non-career appointee Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary July 12, 2001 September 14, 2001 Left post July 31, 2003
David Campbell Mulford Illinois Non-career officer Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary December 12, 2003 February 23, 2004 Left post February 2009
Timothy J. Roemer Indiana Non-career appointee Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary July 23, 2009[2] August 11, 2009 Left post June 30, 2011
Albert Peter Burleigh California Foreign Service officer[3] Chargé d'affaires June 2011 Left post 2012
Nancy Jo Powell Iowa Foreign Service officer Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary February 7, 2012 April 19, 2012 March 31, 2014
Kathleen Stephens Arizona Foreign Service officer (interim) Chargé d'affaires May 22, 2014 Assumed position after resignation of Nancy Jo Powell.
Richard Verma Pennsylvania Non-career appointee Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary December 19, 2014 January 20, 2017 First US Ambassador to India of Indian origin.[4]

U.S. diplomatic terms


Career FSO
After 1915, The United States Department of State began classifying ambassadors as career Foreign Service Officers (FSOs) for those who have served in the Foreign Service for a specified amount of time.

Political appointee
A person who is not a career foreign service officer, but is appointed by the president (often as a reward to political friends).

Appointed
The date that the ambassador took the oath of office; also known as “commissioning”. It follows confirmation of a presidential appointment by the Senate, or a Congressional-recess appointment by the president. In the case of a recess appointment, the ambassador requires subsequent confirmation by the Senate.

Presented credentials
The date that the ambassador presented his letter of credence to the head of state or appropriate authority of the receiving nation. At this time the ambassador officially becomes the representative of his country. This would normally occur a short time after the ambassador’s arrival on station. The host nation may reject the ambassador by not receiving the ambassador’s letter, but this occurs only rarely.

Terminated mission
Usually the date that the ambassador left the country. In some cases a letter of recall is presented, ending the ambassador’s commission, either as a means of diplomatic protest or because the diplomat is being reassigned elsewhere and replaced by another envoy.

Chargé d'affaires
The person in charge of the business of the embassy when there is no ambassador commissioned to the host country. See chargé d'affaires.

Ad interim
Latin phrase meaning "for the time being", "in the meantime". See ad interim.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Sources[edit]

  • Brands, H. W. Inside the Cold War: Loy Henderson and the Rise of the American Empire 1918-1961 (1991) pp 196–230; Loy Henderson was US Ambassador, 1948–51

Primary sources[edit]

  • Bowles, Chester (1969). A View from New Delhi: Selected Speeches and Writings, 1963-1969. Yale U.P. , US ambassador 1951-53 and 1963–69
  • Galbraith, John K. Ambassador's journal: a personal account of the Kennedy years (1969) online, he was US ambassador to India 1961-63
  • U.S. Department of State. Foreign Relations of the United States (FRUS), many volumes of primary sources; the complete texts of these large books are all online. See Guide to FRUS. For example, Foreign Relations of the United States, 1969–1976, Volume XI, South Asia Crisis, 1971 was published in 2005 and is online here. The most recent volumes are Foreign Relations of the United States, 1969–1976, Volume E–7, Documents on South Asia, 1969–1972 (2005) online here and Foreign Relations of the United States, 1969–1976, Volume E–8, Documents on South Asia, 1973–1976 (2007) online here. Included are the most important cables sent by the ambassador to Washington.

External links[edit]