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1. Magic (paranormal) – Magic or sorcery is the use of rituals, symbols, actions, gestures, language with the aim of exploiting supernatural forces. Religion are categories of beliefs and systems of knowledge used within societies. Some forms of shamanic contact with the world seem to be nearly universal in the early development of human communities. They appear to the Amazon, African savannah, pagan Europe. Magic is sometimes often viewed with skepticism and suspicion by the scientific community. In non-scientific societies, a perceived magical attack is sometimes employed to explain societal misfortune. Modern Western magicians generally state magic's primary purpose to be spiritual growth. Magical rituals are the precisely defined actions used to work magic. Bronisław Malinowski describes language as possessing a high "coefficient of weirdness" in that the language used in rituals is archaic and out of the ordinary. This he ascribes to the need for to create a mindset that fosters belief in the ritual. These other actions typically consist of gestures, possibly performed with special objects at a particular time. Object, performer may require purification beforehand, a condition that parallels the felicity conditions J. L. Austin requires of performative utterances. Émile Durkheim stresses the importance of rituals as a tool to achieve "collective effervescence" which serves to support the unification of society. On the other hand, some psychologists compare such rituals to obsessive-compulsive rituals, noting that intentional focus falls on the lower level of representation of simple gestures. Which demotes the intended outcome as the emphasis is placed more on the ritual process on the connection between the ritual and the ultimate goal.Magic (paranormal) – " Circe Offering the Cup to Ulysses " by John William Waterhouse
2. Early Dynastic Period (Mesopotamia) – The Early Dynastic period is an archaeological culture in southern Mesopotamia, generally dated to approximately 2900–2350 BCE. The ED period itself was characterized by the existence of multiple city-states: small states with a relatively simple structure that solidified over time. This development ultimately led under the rule of Sargon of Akkad, the first king of the Akkadian Empire. Despite this political fragmentation, the Early Dynastic city-states shared a relatively homogeneous culture. Sumerian cities like Uruk, Ur, Lagash, Umma and Nippur, located in the south of Mesopotamia, were very influential. To the north and west stretched states centered on cities such as Kish, Mari, Nagar and Ebla. The study of southern Mesopotamia has long been given priority over neighbouring regions. As a result, this area was always better known than neighbouring regions. The term Early Dynastic Period was coined by archaeologist Henri Frankfort, analogous to the similarly named period in Egypt. Since then, the ED I–III has been widely applied to excavations elsewhere in Iraq. The entire ED period is now generally dated to approximately 2900 -- 2350 BCE according to 2800 -- 2230 BCE according to the Short Chronology. The ED period is further divided into sub-periods ED I, ED II, ED IIIb. ED I–III are more or less contemporary with the Early Jezirah I–III periods in northern Mesopotamia. The ED scheme is strictly an archaeological subdivision that does not reflect political developments, as is the case for the periods that follow upon it. The reason for this is that the political history of the ED period is unknown for most of its duration.Early Dynastic Period (Mesopotamia) – Early Dynastic period
3. Shell Shaker – Shell Shaker is a novel by writer and playwright LeAnne Howe, an enrolled member of the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma. According to the author, "Shell Shaker is a book about its misuse, how a community responds. It's not for Indians only." A "shell shaker" is a woman who participates in a specific Choctaw ceremony in which empty turtle shells are tied around the dancer's feet. The purpose of the dance is to pray to spirits to carry out a request. The Billy family featured in the novel is descended from Grandmother of Birds. Shell Shaker links two generations of the Billy family through increasingly similar circumstances. The early tale, beginning in pre-removal Choctaw Mississippi, tells the story of Red Shoes, a historical Choctaw warrior. When his wife of the Red Fox clan of the Chickasaws is murdered, Anoleta, is blamed. Shakbatina, forfeits her life to save Anoleta and avert a pending war between the tribes. The later story follows the descendants of Shakbatina, now living in Durant, Oklahoma in 1991. Susan Billy, confesses to the murder while her uncle, Isaac Billy, brings together their scattered family to help in the investigation. Shakbatina: Granddaughter of the first shell shaker and her warrior husband Tuscaloosa, she is the mother of Anoleta, Neshoba, Haya and wife of Koi Chitto. The leader of the clan, she gives her life to save her daughter and avert impending war. Her character narrates sporadically throughout the novel.Shell Shaker
4. Dover Court International School – Dover Court International School is an international school incorporated in the Republic of Singapore. Since April 2014 it has been part of the Nord Anglia Education family of schools. In April 2014, the school became part of the Nord Anglia Education family of schools. Able to engage in learning activities through initiatives such as Global Classroom. The school underwent an extensive project during the 2014 summer period. In September 2014, the school changed its name to Dover Court International School. In early 2015, the Juilliard - Nord Anglia Performing Arts Program was developed with Nord Anglia Education. In 2016, Mr. Christopher Short became the Principal. Http://www.dovercourt.edu.sgDover Court International School – A Nord Anglia Education school
5. Rustavi 2 – Rustavi 2 Broadcasting Company, better known as Rustavi 2, is the most successful private television broadcasting company in Georgia. The Rustavi, based in Tbilisi, was founded in 1994 in the town of Rustavi. It is a privately owned free to air terrestrial broadcaster that currently reaches around 85% of the country's population. The area Rustavi 2 covers outside Georgia via satellite 24-hour broadcasting includes Europe, European part of Russia and the Middle East. The independence of the channel has been questioned with many suggesting that it's biased in favor of the former ruling UNM. The daytime news is anchored by Natia Goksadze. Zaal Udumashvili anchor news releases at 18:00 and 21:00, including sports news with Dimitri Oboladze. David Kikalishvili presents "P.S." every Sunday at 21:00. From 2006 new television season Rustavi 2 airs Business Courier. The program offers today with an emphasis on business development, market outlooks, emerging opportunities. P.S. is a educational summarizing program, which focuses on politics, economics and social problems; the project also covers topical cultural issues. P.S. often reports on various international events related to Georgia. Vano's Show is a Georgian version of American format that has existed since the 1950s and is extremely successful in the United States. Rustavi 2 ′ s mix includes a wide variety of foreign series like Desperate Housewives. Rustavi 2 was originally owned by Erosi Kitsmarishvili, Nika Tabatadze.Rustavi 2 – Rustavi 2 Broadcasting Company
6. Signing Time! – Signing Time! is a television program targeted towards children aged one through eight that teaches American Sign Language. It was created by the latter of whom hosts the series. Between the years 2008, it was aired across the US. Signing Time! is produced and distributed by Two Little Hands Productions, located in Salt Lake City, Utah. Throughout the series, Coleman, an animated frog, teach ASL vocabulary-building signs. The series teaches signs for common words, questions, phrases, movements, colors, everyday objects, common activities. Currently, Signing Time! Interstitial music videos can be seen on Nick Jr. As of October 2010, public television stations were allowed to show the series for the next two years. As of January 2016, the series is NOT available on the Netflix. In 1996, Rachel Coleman had a daughter, whom she named Leah. When Leah was 14 months old, Coleman and her husband, Aaron, discovered that Leah had been deaf since she was born. Afterward, the couple began to teach Leah sign language, first with Signing Exact English, then with American Sign Language, so that they could learn to communicate. Rachel noticed that within six months, Leah's vocabulary far surpassed the vocabulary of hearing children her same age. He learned it quickly well.Signing Time! – Signing Time!
7. I Am a Dalek – I am a Dalek is a BBC Books original novella written by Gareth Roberts and based on the long-running British science fiction television series Doctor Who. It features Rose. This paperback is part of the Quick Reads Initiative sponsored by the UK government, to encourage literacy. These four books are also part of the Quick Reads Initiative. The Doctor and Rose are separated for a time when the TARDIS dematerializes still outside the ship. Rose, meanwhile, witnesses a accident in which a young woman named Kate is apparently killed. Along with Kate's newfound intelligence comes a confusing desire to exterminate every human on the planet, starting with her ex-boyfriend. The Doctor and Rose eventually reunite at the site, where Kate reactivates the Dalek, causing it to also regenerate. The confused Kate escape, while the Doctor tries to unsuccessfully disable the revived Dalek before it can go on a killing spree. The Dalek kills the archeologist in order to reacquire its gun arm. However, only a few individuals retained it in the present day. In the novel, the Doctor has kept the ring in the TARDIS. It is generally accepted that it is the same one. The concept of a Dalek factor originated in the Second Doctor serial The Evil of the Daleks. Unlike the previous Tenth Doctor novels, the exact placement of this story in the Tenth Doctor's chronology is uncertain.I Am a Dalek – I am a Dalek
8. Lake Forest High School (Illinois) – It is fed by Lake Bluff Middle School, Deer Path Middle School. The current LFHS was built in 1935. The high school has auditorium, well as a television studio with 5,500 videotapes. It also has computer labs, computerized library with CD-ROM retrieval, special education facilities. Sports facilities include a house, climbing wall, Olympic-size pool with a diving well and student gym. The grounds include a full-sized track and field with 2 sets of bleachers. A 2007 referendum relocated the school's football facilities to the school's west campus, where the use of floodlights is not prohibited. The referendum passed by an overwhelming 2/3 majority, renovations took place in two phases. Prior to this, a first referendum was passed on November 7, 2006 unanimously by the Lake Forest High School Board of Education. This referendum was later appropriated $ million to be paid back over the next 20 years. In 2005, Lake Forest graduated 98.9% of its senior class. The average class size is 19.3. Lake Forest has made a state part of the No Child Left Behind Act. In 2010, Lake Forest had a mean ACT composite score of 26.5—one of the highest in the state. The national average was 21.1.Lake Forest High School (Illinois) – View from the west
9. Marine reserve – A marine reserve is a type of marine protected area that has legal protection against fishing or development. As of 2007 less than 1% of the world’s oceans had been set aside in marine reserves. Benefits include other species within their boundaries. As of 2010, scientists monitored biological changes inside the reserves. The reserves ranged in size from 0.006 to 800 square kilometers. In 2014, the World Parks Association adopted a target of establishing no-take zones for 30% of each habitat globally. Effective reserves included habitats that were located to accommodate movement patterns among them. Movement patterns are influenced by factors such as size, sex, behaviour, density, habitat characteristics, season, tide and time of day. For example, damselfishes, angelfishes travel < 0.1 -- 0.5 km, while some sharks and tuna migrate over thousands of kilometres. Self-recruitment to new habitat is common. The review indicated that marine reserves are more than twice the size of the home range of focal/target species. The presence of marine management outside the reserve may allow smaller reserves. Reserve size recommendations apply to the specific habitats of focal species, not the overall size. For example, reef species require coral reef habitats rather than open ocean or seagrass beds. Marine reserve whose boundaries are extensively fished benefit from compact shapes.Marine reserve – Cape Rodney-Okakari Point, Goat Island Marine Reserve (Leigh, Warkworth, New Zealand).
10. Las Mercedes metro station – Las Mercedes is an underground metro station located on Line 4 of the Santiago Metro, in Santiago, Chile. It lies opposite Concha y Toro Avenue between Independencia Street and Domingo Tocornal Avenue. The area around the station, which in the past held empty land, has become a commercial hub with business and real development. Between both malls lie two movie theaters, several department stores, three supermarkets, along with banks, drugstores and fast-food chains. Metro de Santiago websiteLas Mercedes metro station – Inside the station
12. Juan Pablo II Bridge – Since completion in 1974 it has remained the longest bridge in the country. It was significantly damaged in the February 2010 earthquake. The bridge was designed by E.W.H. Gifford & Partners from England. It is 2.310 m. in length. It is formed with a width of 21.9 m. When the bridge was finished in 1974, it had no official name. People began calling it "Puente Nuevo", as it was the second bridge across the Biobío River after "Puente Viejo", now closed. When Pope John Paul II visited Concepción the bridge was named as a tribute.Juan Pablo II Bridge – Juan Pablo II Bridge, view from Concepcion
13. History of Athens – Athens is one of the oldest named cities in the world, having been continuously inhabited for at least 5000 years. The name of Athens, connected to the name of its goddess Athena, originates from an earlier Pre-Greek language. It even became the theme of the sculpture on the West pediment of the Parthenon. Poseidon produced a spring by striking the ground with his trident, symbolizing naval power. Athena created the olive tree, symbolizing prosperity. The Athenians, under their ruler Cecrops, named the city after Athena. A sacred tree said to be the one created by the goddess was still kept on the Acropolis at the time of Pausanias. It was located by the temple of Pandrosus, next to the Parthenon. A shoot sprung from the stump. The Greeks saw this as a symbol that Athena still had her mark there on the city. Plato, in his dialogue Cratylus, offers his own etymology of Athena's name connecting it to hē theoû nóēsis. The Acropolis is a defensive position which commands the surrounding plains. The settlement was about 20 km inland in the centre of the Cephisian Plain, a fertile valley surrounded by rivers. To the east lies Mount Hymettus, to the north Mount Pentelicus. Ancient Athens, in the first millennium BC, occupied a very small area compared to the sprawling metropolis of modern Greece.History of Athens – The Acropolis of Athens by Leo von Klenze.
14. History of the Jews in India – The history of the Jews in India reaches back to ancient times. Judaism was one of the foreign religions to arrive in India in recorded history. The ancient communities have assimilated a large number of local traditions through cultural diffusion. The Jewish community of India is the fourth largest Asian Jewish community after Israel, Iran. The Cochin Jews settled down as traders. The ` white' component is of other Jewish descent. Following expulsion by the Alhambra Decree, a few families of Sephardic Jews eventually made their way to Madras in the 16th century. Their language skills were useful. Although the Sephardim spoke Ladino, in India they learned Tamil and Judeo-Malayalam from the Malabar Jews. The Jews of Goa: These were Portuguese Jews who fled to the Portuguese Goa after the commencement of the Inquisition in Portugal. The community consisted mainly of "New-Christians" who had converted under the duress of the Inquisition. This group was the target of heavy persecution with the start of the Goan Inquisition, which put among others. Another branch of the Bene Israel community resided until the Partition of India in 1947 when they fled to India. Many of them also moved to Israel. The Jews from Sindh, Punjab or Pathan area are often incorrectly called Bani Israel Jews.History of the Jews in India – Arrival of the Jewish pilgrims at Coachin, A.D. 68
15. Anthomedusae – Anthomedusae or Anthomedusa, the athecate hydroids, are an order of the Hydrozoa, a class of marine invertebrates belonging to the phylum Cnidaria. A profusion of scientific names exists for this long-known, heavily discussed, spectacular group. It has also been called Gymnoblastea and Anthoathecata, Athecata, Stylasterina. There are about 1,200 species worldwide. These hydrozoans always have a stage. Their hydranths grow either solitary or in colonies. There is no perisarc around the polyp body. Jellyfish, are solitary animals, with tentacles arising from the bell margin, lacking statocysts but possessing radial canals. Their gonads are on the manubrium. Except in Eudendriidae and Laingiidae, prey can be captured by discharging harpoon-like structures from chambers in specialized cells on the tentacles. In hydrozoans, these are always adhesive and entrapping, rather than puncturing and poisoned as in other jellys. It was formerly believed that these two were also close to the Limnomedusae. Some uncertainty existed regarding the internal taxonomy. Were at one time even considered a separate order "Chondrophora". But actually, they are derived from Zancleida.Anthomedusae – Athecate hydroids
16. Olle Nordmark – Olle Emanuel Nordmark was a Swedish painter and muralist born in Nordanholen at Mockfjärd parish. Nordmark started to paint at an early age. In 1901 he came in contact with Gustaf Ankarcrona in Leksand who taught him the basics. At the age of 15, Nordmark had decided that he is going to become an artist. Nordmark continued his studies in Stockholm where he trained in fresco painting. After his studies he worked for private homes and churches in Sweden. While working his interest towards theatrical scenery started to grow. In 1917 Nordmark traveled to Moscow to study theatrical scenery. He returned to Stockholm, where he started to work with theatrical sceneries and drawings for costumes. Nordmark worked like the Södra Teatern, the Stora Teatern, the Folkan, the Oscars Teatern and the Royal Swedish Opera. He stayed until 1924. Mean while he became a appreciated designer of theatrical sceneries. His works were very imaginative, colorful. He worked also with Karl Gerhard on sets for 22 productions. Nordmark decorate also several churches like Engelbrektskyrkan, Saltsjöbadskyrkan, the wedding hall in Stockholm Court House.Olle Nordmark – "St Christopher from Canyon de Chelly, Arizona" (c 1935) depicts a Navajo Indian, who was carrying his son over the river in Canyon de Chelly during a storm. Nordmark had witnessed the event while visiting the canyon.
17. Trophic level – The trophic level of an organism is the position it occupies in a food chain. The trophic derives from the Greek τροφή referring to food or feeding. A chain represents a succession of organisms that eat another organism and are, in turn, eaten themselves. The number of steps an organism is from the start of the chain is a measure of its trophic level. The path along the chain can form either a food "web". Ecological communities with higher biodiversity form more complex trophic paths. The three basic ways in which organisms get food are as producers, decomposers. Producers are typically plants or algae. Plants and algae pull nutrients from the soil or the ocean and manufacture their own food using photosynthesis. For this reason, they are called primary producers. In this way, it is energy from the sun that usually powers the base of the chain. An exception occurs in hydrothermal ecosystems, where there is no sunlight. Here primary producers manufacture food through a process called chemosynthesis. Consumers are species that can not need to consume other organisms. Animals that eat primary producers are called herbivores.Trophic level – First trophic level. The plants in this image, and the algae and phytoplankton in the lake, are primary producers. They take nutrients from the soil or the water, and manufacture their own food by photosynthesis, using energy from the sun.
18. Potemkin village – In politics and economics, a Potemkin village is any construction built solely to deceive others into thinking that a situation is better than it really is. The term comes from stories of a portable village, built only to impress Empress Catherine II during her journey to Crimea in 1787. Grigory Potemkin was a favorite lover of the Russian Empress Catherine II. After the Russian annexation of liquidation of the Zaporizhian Sich, Potemkin became governor of the region. The region had been devastated by the war; Potemkin's major tasks were to bring in Russian settlers. The purpose of this trip was to impress Russia's allies prior to the war. To help accomplish this, Potemkin set up "mobile villages" on the banks of the Dnieper River. Soon as the barge carrying the Empress and ambassadors arrived, Potemkin's men, dressed as peasants, would populate the village. Once the barge left, the village was then rebuilt downstream overnight. Some writers argue that the story is an exaggeration. Some historians dismiss it as malicious rumors spread by Potemkin's opponents. An established specialist on 19th-century Russia, used original correspondence and memoirs to conclude that the Potemkin villages are a myth. He writes: "Based on the above said we must conclude that the myth of'Potemkin villages' is exactly a myth, not an established fact." He writes that "Potyomkin made no secret that this was a decoration". The close relationship between the empress would make it difficult for him to deceive her.Potemkin village – A view of the North Korean village Kijŏng-dong.
19. 64K intro – A 64K intro is a demo where the size of the executable file is limited to 64 kibibytes, or 65,536 bytes. At demo parties there is a category for this kind of demo, where the one that gives the best impression wins. 64K intros generally apply many techniques to be able to fit in the given size, usually including procedural generation, executable compression. The size of 64 kibibytes is a traditional limit, inherited from the maximum size of a COM file. A revolution happened when fr-08 was released in 2000. The annual scene.org awards - best 64K scene.org file archive64K intro – Demoscene
21. Our Lady of the Rockies – Our Lady of the Rockies is a 90-foot statue, dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary, that sits atop the Continental Divide overlooking Butte, Montana. It is the third tallest statue in the United States after The Statue of Liberty and Dragon in Hallandale Beach, Florida. The statue was built by volunteers using donated materials to honor women everywhere, especially mothers. The base is 3,500 feet above the town. The statue is visible at night. The statue was first imagined by local resident Bob O'Bill. In 1979, his wife was seriously ill with cancer. He promised the Blessed Virgin Mary that he would make a 5-foot statue of her in his yard if his wife recovered. When she recovered he began the project with his fellow workers who gradually changed the initial vision to a 90-foot-high mountain top statue. Many people in Butte donated materials and time to make a reality. The design for the statue was engineered by Laurien Eugene Riehl. He was a retired engineer for the Anaconda Company who donated his engineering skills to the project. The statue had to withstand the powerful windsheers that buffet the ridge tops. Joe Roberts donated his lot and buildings for the construction of the statue. The statue was airlifted to its present site on the Continental Divide.Our Lady of the Rockies – Photo of a white statue atop a mountain.
22. Bird of prey – Birds of prey, also known as raptors, refer to several species of predatory birds. The term "raptor" is derived from the Latin word rapere. These birds are characterized by keen vision that allows them to detect prey during flight and powerful talons and beaks. Many species of birds may be considered partly or exclusively predatory. However, in ornithology, the term "bird of prey" applies only to birds of the families listed below. Most birds of prey also have curved talons for killing prey. Birds of prey generally prey on vertebrates, which are usually quite large relative to the size of the bird. Condors eat carrion as their main food source. Many raptor species are considered apex predators. Most birds of prey are avivores that feed on other birds. Avian avivores are beneficial to humans due to prey on Avian rabbits that are pest to humans. The phylogeny of Accipitriformes is complex and difficult to unravel. Widespread paraphylies were observed in many phylogenetic studies. Unfortunately more recent and detailed studies show similar results. However, according to the findings of a 2014 study, the sister relationship between larger clades of Accipitriformes was well supported.Bird of prey – Bird of prey
23. Long-legged buzzard – The long-legged buzzard is a bird of prey in the Buteo genus. It is larger and more robust. This is one of the largest species of Buteo. Length can range from 115 to 160 cm. Females, at an average mass of 1.3 kg, are larger at an average of 1.1 kg. There is usually a distinctive black carpal patch and dark edge to the wing. "trousers" are often dark or deep rufous. Plumage varies to very dark ones. It inhabits open plains of northern Africa, southeastern Europe, west and central Asia east to China, across central India. Recent sightings indicate that there is a small population in the Apulian region of south-eastern Italy. Uncultivated areas, with high bushes, trees, cliffs or hillocks are favoured as nesting areas. There are records from Northern Europe. The breeding population in Greece is around 60 pairs. It feeds mostly on small rodents, although it will also take lizards, snakes, large insects. There are two subspecies recognised: rufinus: The Balkans east to Mongolia and India; winters in Africa.Long-legged buzzard – Long-legged buzzard
25. Outline of theatre – Elements of stagecraft are used to enhance the physicality, presence and immediacy of the experience. Tragedy, the satyr play were the three dramatic genres to emerge there. Western theatre originated in its drama has had a significant and sustained impact on Western culture as a whole. It includes the drama of William Shakespeare, many other famous playwrights. Restoration comedy – English comedies written and performed in the Restoration period from 1660 to 1710. Nineteenth-century theatre – wide range of movements in the theatrical culture of Europe and the United States in the 19th century. Theatre of the United Kingdom -- introduced since at least 1585. West End – popular term for mainstream professional theatre staged in the large theatres of London's'Theatreland', the West End. London fringe – small scale theatres, many of them located above pubs, the equivalent to New York's Off-Broadway or Off-Off-Broadway theatres. Fringe festival – unjuried festivals, such as the Edinburgh Festival Fringe and Adelaide Fringe Festival, permit artists to produce a wide variety of works. Theater of the United States – based in the Western tradition. Broadway – refers to theatrical performances presented in the Theater District centered along Broadway, in Lincoln Center, in Manhattan in New York City. Along with London's West End theatre, Broadway theatre is widely considered to represent the highest level of commercial theatre in the English-speaking world. These theatres are smaller than Broadway theatres. Regional theatre – professional theatre companies outside of New York City that produce their own seasons.Outline of theatre – Historic Outdoor Forest Theater in Carmel, CA at sunsets.
26. Outline of meteorology – Meteorology has application in diverse fields such as the military, energy production, transport, agriculture and construction. Meteorology Climate – the average and variations of weather in a region over long periods of time. Meteorology – the interdisciplinary scientific study of the atmosphere that focuses on weather processes and forecasting. Weather – the set of all the phenomena in a given atmosphere at a given time. Written at a bachelor's level. Glossary of Meteorology - From the American Meteorological Society, an excellent reference of nomenclature, equations, concepts for the more advanced reader.Outline of meteorology – Eye of Hurricane Isabel from the International Space Station, September 15, 2003.
29. Outline of solar energy – The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to solar energy: Solar energy – radiant light and heat from the sun. It has been harnessed by humans since ancient times using a range of ever-evolving technologies. Renewable energy – energy which comes from natural resources which are naturally replenished. Natural resource – materials and components that can be found within the environment. Every man-made product is composed of natural resources. Renewable resource – natural resource with the ability to reproduce through biological or natural processes and are replenished with the passage of time. Timeline of solar energy – Solar power – the conversion of sunlight into electricity, either directly using photovoltaics, or indirectly using concentrated solar power. Active solar – technologies are employed to convert solar energy into another more useful form of energy. Solar tracker – devices that orient various payloads toward the sun. Role of copper in generating and transmitting energy with maximum efficiency in solar photovoltaic power generation, concentrating solar thermal power, solar water heaters. Solar photovoltaics – Solar thermal energy – technology for harnessing solar energy for thermal energy. Solar district heating and solar district cooling. See: Seasonal thermal energy storage. Solar heating -- or solar hot water systems comprise several innovations and many mature renewable energy technologies that have been well established for many years. Solar air conditioning – any air conditioning system that uses solar power.Outline of solar energy – See also: Index of solar energy articles
30. Outline of prehistoric technology – The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to prehistoric technology. Prehistoric technology – technology that predates recorded history. History is the study of the past using written records; it is also the record itself. Anything prior to the written accounts of history is prehistoric, including earlier technologies. Prehistoric technology can be described as: Prehistoric -- "before we had written records," for "before," præ. Prehistory is the span of time before recorded history, before the invention of writing systems. Beginning of prehistoric technology -- the earliest technology began at the beginning of the Stone Age. Latest prehistoric technology – the level of technology reached before true writing was introduced differed by region... Latest prehistoric technology in the Near East – cultures in the Near East achieved the development of writing first, during their Bronze Age. Latest prehistoric technology in the rest of the Old World: Europe, India, China reached Iron Age technological development before the introduction of writing there. The period ended between 6000 and 2000 BCE with the advent of metalworking. Paleolithic -- prehistoric period of human history distinguished by the development of the most primitive stone tools covers roughly 99 % of human technological prehistory. Lower Paleolithic – earliest subdivision of the Paleolithic or Old Stone Age. Ancestors of homo sapiens used stone tools as follows: Homo habilis – first "homo" species. It created stone tools called Oldowan tools.Outline of prehistoric technology – Acheulean hand axes from Kent. The types shown are (clockwise from top) cordate, ficron and ovate. It was the longest-used tool of human history.
32. Kona Lanes – Kona Lanes was a bowling center in Costa Mesa, California, from 1958 to 2003. Known for its futuristic design, it featured 40 wood-floor bowling lanes, a game room, a coffee shop that eventually became a Mexican diner. Costa Mesa's commission approved a proposal to build a department store on the site; following public outcry, those plans were scrapped. In 2010, the still-vacant land was rezoned for commercial development. Construction on the apartments began ten years after Kona Lanes was demolished. Kona Lanes opened in 1958, featuring the Tiki-inspired architecture that became popular following World War II. Kona retained much of that old-time feel over the years. Kona Lanes hosted the Southern California PBA Open twice in 1964; Billy Hardwick won in December. Kona Lanes and Tustin Lanes hosted nearly 10,000 teams of each taking part in the United States Bowling Congress Women's Championships in 1986. Under Dick Stoeffler's management, Kona Lanes kept busy 24 hours a day, making one of the most successful proprietors in the country. Other couples offered similar reminiscences. Kona was often so busy that customers had to get a lane during open bowling hours. At its peak, Kona Lanes averaged higher on each of its 40 lanes. He also owned Tustin Lanes before selling it to his youngest son, Alex. Mann bought Kona not because he loved bowling, but because it would continue to pay dividends if he was no longer able to work.Kona Lanes – The KONA LANES BOWL roadside sign in 2002
33. Hrithik Roshan – Hrithik Roshan is an Indian film actor. Pyaar Hai. His performance in the film earned Filmfare Awards for Best Male Debut. He followed it with Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham. After several critically and commercially unsuccessful films, he starred in the science fiction film Koi... Mil Gaya and its sequel Krrish; the former won him the Filmfare Award for Best Actor. He received acclaim for his work as a paraplegic in Guzaarish. These accomplishments have established him as a leading actor in Bollywood. Apart from acting, Roshan is a stage performer. He has also launched his own clothing line. He was seen in the song "Ram Kare Allah Kare" in his father Rakesh Roshan's production Aap Ke Deewane. In his grandfather J. Om Prakash's Aas Paas, he passes a love note from Dharmendra to Hema Malini during the song "Shehar Main Charchi Hai". After completing college, Roshan turned down a master's scholarship for further study in the United States, to concentrate instead on film. On 14 January 2000, Roshan made his film debut as leading man in the romantic drama Kaho Naa... Pyaar Hai opposite another débutante, actress Amisha Patel.Hrithik Roshan – Roshan at the launch of Rado HyperChrome in Mumbai, November 2013
34. John C. Calhoun – John Caldwell Calhoun was an American statesman and political theorist from South Carolina, the seventh Vice President of the United States. Calhoun began his political career as a nationalist, proponent of a strong national government and protective tariffs. His warnings heavily influenced the South's secession from the Union in 1860 -- 61. He began his political career to the House of Representatives. Calhoun modernized the War Department. He was a candidate for the presidency in the 1824 election. After failing to gain support, Calhoun allowed his name to be put forth as a candidate for president. The Electoral College elected Calhoun by an overwhelming majority. Calhoun continued under Andrew Jackson, who defeated Adams in the election of 1828. He had a difficult relationship with Jackson primarily due to the Petticoat affair. In 1832 Calhoun entered the Senate. Calhoun lost to surprise nominee James K. Polk, who went on to become president. Calhoun served under John Tyler from 1844 to 1845. Calhoun then returned to the Senate, where he opposed the Compromise of 1850 before his death in 1850. He often served as a virtual party-independent who variously aligned as needed with Democrats and Whigs.John C. Calhoun – John Caldwell Calhoun by Mathew Brady, 1849
35. Carnaby's black cockatoo – Carnaby's black cockatoo, also known as the short-billed black cockatoo, is a large black cockatoo endemic to south-western Australia. It was described in 1948 by naturalist Ivan Carnaby. Measuring 53–58 cm in length, it has a short crest on the top of its head. It has a white tail band. The body feathers are edged with white giving a scalloped appearance. Adult males have a dark grey beak and pink eye-rings. Adult females have ear patches that are paler than those of the males. Threatened by habitat destruction, Carnaby's black cockatoo is listed as endangered by the Federal and Western Australian governments. Baudin's black cockatoo were known collectively as the black cockatoo until formally classified as separate species. He classified it in 1948 giving it Calyptorhynchus baudinii latirostris. The epithet latirostris is from the Latin latus "wide" and rostrum "bill. The holotype specimen is from Hopetoun, Western Australia. They were Baudin's black cockatoo in Western Australia. Hence ornithologists Les Christidis and Walter Boles pushed for the latter two names to be used. The International Ornithologists' Union uses these names as their common names.Carnaby's black cockatoo – Carnaby's black cockatoo
36. Red-headed myzomela – The red-headed myzomela or red-headed honeyeater is a passerine bird of the honeyeater family, Meliphagidae, found in Australia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea. Three subspecies are recognised, with the nominate M. erythrocephala erythrocephala distributed around the tropical coastline of Australia. At 12 centimetres, it is a small honeyeater with relatively long down-curved bill. The male has a glossy red head and brown upperparts and paler grey-brown underparts while the female has predominantly grey-brown plumage. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical mangrove forests. It is very active when feeding in the tree canopy, sallying for insects. It calls constantly as it feeds. The red-headed myzomela is widely distributed across the northern coastlines of Australia, though it is not abundant within this range. While the IUCN lists one sub-species as being near threatened, as a whole the widespread range means that its conservation is of least concern. Myzomela erythrocephala was first described from specimens located in King Sound, north Western Australia. Some taxonomic authorities recognize M. erythrocephala dammermani as the Sumba myzomela. It belongs to the honeyeater Meliphagidae. Molecular analysis has shown honeyeaters to be related in a large Meliphagoidea superfamily. Common names are mangrove red-headed honeyeater, mangrove redhead, blood bird. The red-headed myzomela is a small honeyeater with a compact body, short tail and relatively long down-curved bill.Red-headed myzomela – Red-headed myzomela
37. Eve Russell – Eve Russell is a fictional character on the American soap opera Passions, which aired on NBC from 1999 to 2007 and on DirecTV in 2007–08. Created by James E. Reilly, Eve was played by Tracey Ross for the series' entire run. In 2003, Kimberly Kevon Williams played Eve in flashbacks. Ross' casting was part of NBC's attempt to include a racially diverse ensemble on daytime television. Part of Passions' Russell family, is introduced as the perfect wife of T. C. Russell and mother of Whitney and Simone. Ross and Johnson made cameo appearances in the series finale of the NBC primetime drama Providence. At the end of the show, several costumes related to Eve were sold in an auction, along with other items from the show. Ross' performance was praised by critics, while the character's later storylines were negatively received by the cast. She felt that Eve's relationship with Julian showcased an authentic representation of an interracial couple. Ross received eight nominations in a Daytime Drama Series winning at the 38th NAACP Image Awards. According to Ross, Ross did not realize that Passions was supposed to be "wacky" until the character Grace Bennett floated out her window. From the first week's script, Ross described Passions in the first week's scripts. She played the role to its finale on August 7, 2008. Kimberly Kevon Williams played the character in flashback sequences in 2003. It’s truly color-blind storytelling".Eve Russell – Eve Russell
38. Courtney Love – Courtney Michelle Love is an American musician, actress, visual artist. Prolific in the grunge scenes of the 1990s, Love's career has spanned four decades. Love rose as the frontwoman of the alternative rock band Hole, which she formed in 1989. After forming Hole in 1989, Love received substantial attention for the group's debut album, produced by Kim Gordon. Hole's second release, Live Through This, lent her high-profile renown with multi-platinum sales. In 1995, Love returned to acting, earning a Golden Globe Award nomination for her performance in Miloš Forman's The People vs. Larry Flynt, which established her as a mainstream actress. She saw further mainstream success with the release of Hole's third album, Celebrity Skin, nominated for multiple Grammy Awards. Love returned with Nobody's Daughter, a new album as Hole but without any members of the original lineup. Between 2015, Love released two solo singles and returned to acting in the network series Empire and Sons of Anarchy. Love's godfather is the founding Grateful Dead bassist Phil Lesh. Her mother, adopted as a child, was later revealed to be the biological daughter of novelist Paula Fox. Love's great-grandmother was screenwriter Elsie Fox. Love is of English descent. She described her parents' household as being full of "wangly-ass hippies running around naked."Courtney Love – Love performing at Austin, Texas, in 2010.
39. August Meyszner – Meyszner became a right-wing parliamentary deputy and provincial minister in the Austrian province of Styria in 1930. After police postings in Austria, Germany and Norway, Meyszner was appointed in Serbia in early 1942. During his tenure, his Gestapo detachment killed as many as 8,000 Jewish women and children using a gas van. After the war, the Western Allies extradited Meyszner to Yugoslavia, where he was tried for war crimes. Meyszner was executed in January 1947. His uncle was Feldmarschalleutnant Ferdinand von Meyszner. Meyszner completed secondary schooling in Graz, before attending a cadet school in Vienna. By May 1914, he had been appointed to command the gendarmerie unit in Görz. He was appointed to command the coastal gendarmerie section at Grado and then the border guard unit at Tolmein, in modern-day Slovenia. A few days after the outbreak of World War I, he married Pia Gostischa from Marburg an der Drau. In 1916, Meyszner commanded the 12th Alpine Company on the Italian Front in 1917. In August 1917, he was appointed as gendarmerie section commander in Trieste. He had become involved with the German-nationalist sporting association Deutsch-Völkischen Turnvereins and was made a leader in the right-wing paramilitary Steirischen Heimatschutz. Meyszner later used his senior position in the gendarmerie to funnel arms to the Home Guard. He remained stationed for the next nine years although he was sent on several detachments.August Meyszner – August Meyszner wearing the rank of SS-Oberführer in 1938
40. List of Celtic F.C. managers – Celtic is a Scottish association football club based in Glasgow. The club played their first match in May 1888. Celtic have won the Scottish League Championship on 47 occasions, the Scottish League Cup 15 times. The club enjoyed their greatest successes under Jock Stein when they won nine consecutive league titles and the European Cup. This chronological list comprises all those who have held the position of manager of the first team of Celtic since its foundation in 1887. Caretaker managers are also included. As of the start of 2016–17 season, Celtic have had 18 full-time managers. The club's first manager, is the longest to have served in the post, having managed the club from 1897 to 1940. The 30 major honours Maley won during his tenure are the most a manager has achieved at Celtic. Jock Stein is considered the club's greatest manager, having revived the team after many years in the doldrums. Stein led them to their European Cup Final triumph over Inter Milan in 1967. For the few years following its formation, the administrative and team selection duties at Celtic were performed by a committee. He did not speak with the players at half time or immediately post-match. Having been a club that initially relied on buying in experienced players, Maley instead concentrated on developing young talent. This proved a success as Celtic won six consecutive league titles in the first decade of the 20th century.List of Celtic F.C. managers – Jock Stein is considered to be Celtic's greatest manager
41. List of Cardiff City F.C. players – Cardiff City Football Club is a professional association football club based in Cardiff, Wales. The club joined the Cardiff & District League the following year. They were elected into the Football League ten years later, where they remain to this day. Phil Dwyer has made the most appearances for the club in the Football League era, having made 575 appearances between 1985. The all-time record is held by Len Davies, who had a twelve-year spell at Cardiff between 1919 and 1931, scoring 179 times. Seven other players have scored 100 goals or more for the club. The list is ordered by alphabetical order of surname. Appearances as a substitute are included. This feature of the game was introduced at the start of the 1965 -- 66 season. Statistics are correct as of match played on 17 December 2016. Position Playing positions are listed according to the tactical formations that were employed at the time. Thus the change in the names of midfield positions reflects the tactical evolution that occurred from the 1960s onwards. Wartime fixtures are not included. Due to the unavailability of complete statistics, seasons prior to 1910 in the Welsh leagues are not included. As of 12 May 2016 Statistics Hayes, Dean.List of Cardiff City F.C. players – Robert Earnshaw, the clubs second highest scorer of all time
42. List of songs recorded by Oh Land – Danish singer-songwriter Oh Land has recorded material for four studio albums, guest features. After independent issuing Fauna in 2008 with Fake Diamond Records, Oh Land released her eponymous second studio album in 2011. Oh Land featured contributions from a variety of producers. It became certified platinum for sales of 20,000 copies in December 2012. Oh Land additionally peaked on the United States' Billboard 200 becoming her first and only album to do so. The singer spent a two hiatus preceding the release of Wish Bone in 2013. The record similarly was announced alongside the release of two singles: "Renaissance Girls" and "Pyromaniac". Earth Sick, was released in 2014 and promoted by single "Head Up High". In 2011, Oh Land contributed guest vocals by Gym Class Heroes. She was featured three times on "Bewildering in the City", "Mouthful of Wasps", "Pallas Athena".List of songs recorded by Oh Land – Oh Land performing in 2011
43. Family Guy (season 4) – "North by North Quahog" was the first episode to air following the series' revival. In 2002, Family Guy was canceled after three seasons due to low ratings. Following a last-minute reprieve, it returned for a third season in 2001. Following this, the show's first season was released on DVD in April 2003. The season 2 release also sold more than 1 million copies. The show's popularity in both DVD reruns rekindled Fox's interest. They ordered 35 new episodes in 2004, marking the first revival of a television show based on DVD sales. She was therefore happy it would return. The network also began production of a film based on the show. "North by North Quahog" was the first episode to be broadcast after the show's cancellation. It was directed by Peter Shin. Walter Murphy, who had composed music for the show before its cancellation, returned to compose the music for "North by North Quahog". The orchestra recorded an arrangement of Bernard Herrmann's score from North by Northwest, a film referenced multiple times in the episode. Fox had ordered five episode scripts at the end of the third season; these episodes had been written but not produced. One of these scripts was adapted into "North by North Quahog".Family Guy (season 4)
44. Will Smith filmography – Will Smith is an American actor and producer. His breakthrough came when he played The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air. The role brought international recognition, two Golden Globe Award nominations for Best Actor -- Television Series Musical or Comedy. Two years later, Smith made his debut in the drama Where the Day Takes You where he appeared as a disabled homeless man. In 1995, he starred with Martin Lawrence in Michael Bay's Bad Boys. Smith appeared as a Marine Corps pilot with Jeff Goldblum in Roland Emmerich's science fiction film Independence Day. The film was the highest grossing of 1996. Smith portrayed heavyweight boxer Muhammad Ali in the 2001 biopic Ali. For his performance he garnered nominations for Best Actor, the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor -- Motion Picture Drama. In 2004, he appeared in animated film Shark Tale, Robot. He starred as a professional dating consultant in the romantic comedy Hitch. Smith's portrayal of stockbroker Chris Gardner in the biopic The Pursuit of Happyness earned a second nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actor. Two years later, he played a vigilante superhero in Hancock. In 2015, Smith portrayed Nigerian-American physician Bennet Omalu in the biopic Concussion for which he garnered a nomination for a Golden Globe Award. List of awards and nominations received by Will Smith Will Smith filmography at the Internet Movie DatabaseWill Smith filmography – Smith in 2011
45. Timeline of the 2001 Atlantic hurricane season – The 2001 Atlantic hurricane season was an average Atlantic hurricane season in which fifteen named storms formed. Hurricane Olga, dissipated on December 6. Four became major hurricanes. The two most significant storms in terms of loss of life and damage, were Tropical Storm Allison and Hurricane Michelle. Tropical Storm Allison was an early season tropical storm that brought devastating rainfall to much of the Gulf Coast of the United States. The storm became the only storm in recorded history to have its name retired by the World Meteorological Organization. Hurricane Michelle was the strongest hurricane during the season, with winds reaching 140 mph, Category 4 status on the Saffir -- Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale. Michelle produced torrential rainfall before moving through the Bahamas and dissipating on November 6. This timeline documents tropical cyclone formations, strengthening, weakening, landfalls, dissipations during the season. June 1 0400 UTC – The 2001 Atlantic hurricane season officially begins. June 5 1200 UTC – Tropical Storm Allison develops from an area of low pressure roughly 120 mi south of Galveston, Texas. 1800 UTC – Tropical Storm Allison reaches its peak intensity with winds of 60 mph. 2100 UTC – Tropical Storm Allison makes landfall near Freeport, Texas with winds of 50 mph. June 6 0600 UTC – Tropical Storm Allison weakens to a tropical depression over southeastern Texas. June 10 0000 UTC – Tropical Depression Allison transitions into a subtropical depression.Timeline of the 2001 Atlantic hurricane season – Tropical Storm Allison near peak intensity on June 5, 2001
46. Wikipedia community – The Wikipedia community is the community of contributors to the online encyclopedia Wikipedia. Individual contributors are known as "Wikipedians". The Oxford English Dictionary added the word "Wikipedian" in August 2012. Almost all Wikipedians are volunteers. Studies of the size of the community of Wikipedia showed an exponential growth during the early years. In April 2008, lecturer Clay Shirky and computer scientist Martin Wattenberg estimated the total time spent creating Wikipedia at roughly 100 million hours. In November 2011, there were approximately million registered user accounts across all language editions, of which around 270,000 were "active". As of today, the English Wikipedia contains an unknown number of anonymous contributors. There are 127,176 active editors on the English project. Wikipedia editors continue to increase the number, quality of the articles. A fifth spend more than three hours a day. Various studies have been done to the motivations of Wikipedia contributors. A paper written in 2005, called "Why Do People Write for Wikipedia? Incentives to Contribute to Open-Content Publishing", discussed the possible motivations of Wikipedia contributors. Oded Nov, in his 2007 paper "What Motivates Wikipedians", related the motivations of volunteers in general to the motivations of people who contribute to Wikipedia.Wikipedia community – Wikimania 2012 group photograph
47. Wiki markup – Its purpose is to be converted by wiki software into HTML, which, in turn, is served to web browsers. It was created on the original wiki site, WikiWikiWeb. There is commonly accepted standard language. Justification, keywords and so on depend on the particular wiki software used on the particular website. Different Wiki programs may support use of different sets of HTML elements within wikitext. In some cases, permitted HTML elements may be configured by individual wiki sites. MediaWiki supports many common HTML tags. There are different syntax conventions for these links. Many wikis, especially the earlier ones, used CamelCase to mark words that should be automatically linked. In MediaWiki, this convention was replaced with the notation, which Wikipedia calls "free links". Creole is an effort for a "common language to be used across different Wikis". There are several wiki engines that have implemented Creole. Version 1.0 of the specification was released in July 2007. It is not supported by MediaWiki. VisualEditor is an alternative to editing the raw wiki markup code.Wiki markup – Screenshot of the edit window in a Wikipedia article. Note the <nowiki> tag, used to escape wiki markup and HTML. HTML comments can be seen inside the <!-- --> tags.