1. Istiodactylus – Istiodactylus is a genus of a medium-sized pterosaurs from the early Cretaceous period. It contains two species, Istiodactylus latidens, from southern Britain, and Istiodactylus sinensis, from China, Istiodactylus were unusual compared with related pterosaurs, thanks to their distinctive broad muzzles and cookie cutter teeth. Correcting earlier estimates of a length of 56 centimetres, a 2012 study concluded that the skull of one specimen, the maximum wingspan was probably about 4.3 metres, making the largest individuals roughly half the size of the largest Pteranodon. Because of the flat, rounded shape of their snouts, Istiodactylus are sometimes referred to as duck-billed pterosaurs, however, unlike ducks, they had teeth. These triangular teeth were compressed, an adaptation for slicing flesh. The skull was short, with most teeth concentrated in the blunt front tip of the jaws. Wittons 2012 study proposed that Istiodactylus were primarily scavengers, in 1887 Harry Govier Seeley named the remains of a fossil pelvis discovered on the Isle of Wight, Ornithodesmus cluniculus, thinking it was a bird. In 1901 he considered that it might have been a pterosaur, in 1913 Reginald Walter Hooley named a second species, Ornithodesmus latidens, for some definitively pterosaurian material, found in the Vectis Formation. The holotype was BMNH R0176, a partial skeleton, the specific name means broad tooth in Latin. The type species of the genus Ornithodesmus, however, was in the 1980s discovered to be based on belonging to a dinosaur. This species was assigned to its own genus Istiodactylus by Stafford Howse, Andrew Milner, the genus name is derived from Greek istion, sail and daktylos, finger, referring to the fact that the wing of pterosaurs is formed by a membrane attached to a wingfinger. In 2006 a second species, I. sinensis from China, has been named and its holotype is NGMC 99-07-011, a partial skeleton of a subadult individual. It was much smaller than I. latidens, its dimensions being 63% of the larger species, in 2006 Lü Jun-Chang et al. concluded I. sinensis was a junior synonym of the istiodactylid Nurhachius. Mark Witton has proposed it may be a synonym of Liaoxipterus, Howse et al. in 2001 created for Istiodactylus its own family Istiodactylidae. Below is a showing the phylogenetic placement of this genus within Pteranodontia from Andres. List of pterosaur genera Timeline of pterosaur researchIstiodactylus
2. Rocky Romero – John R. Rivera is a Cuban professional wrestler better known by his ring name Rocky Romero and as the fourth incarnation of Black Tiger. Romero is a well known tag team wrestler and he was member of tag teams like The Havana Pitbulls/Los Cubanitos, No Remorse Corps, Forever Hooligans, and Roppongi Vice. In the United States he is most known for his work with Ring of Honor and was one of the wrestlers for Lucha Libre USA. As a singles wrestler, Romero won the CMLL World Super Lightweight Championship on three occasions, the IWGP Junior Heavyweight Championship and the NWA World Junior Heavyweight Championship. In the tag division, he is a former three-time ROH World Tag Team Champion. Romeros wrestling style incorporates stiff shoot-style kicks and multiple armlock variations resembling mixed martial arts, Rivera made his wrestling debut in 1997, using the ring name Rocky Romero. He was trained at NJPW Dojo in Los Angeles, on October 8,2005, Romero, as Black Tiger, defeated Tiger Mask for the IWGP Junior Heavyweight Championship. After a four-month reign, Tiger Mask regained the title from his nemesis, a few months later Los Havana Brothers began working as Rocky Romero, Pinoy Boy and Bobby Quance respectively. On September 12, Romero became CMLLs first-ever World Super Lightweight Champion after defeating Volador Jr. in a tournament final, on November 14 Virus defeated Romero to win the championship, signalling the exit of Los Havana Brothers for the time being. In late 2004 Romero made a return to CMLL and defeated Virus to regain the championship. After the title win he left CMLL again, occasionally defending the championship in Southern California, in 2005 local wrestler Tommy Williams won the Super Lightweight Championship but Romero regained it in January 2006. At that point the championship became inactive, with no mention of it, in early 2008 Romero returned to CMLL and began working under the name Grey Shadow, a masked gimmick, without CMLL opening acknowledging that it was Romero under the mask. No official references were given to his past with CMLL, nor any mention of the fact that Romero still held the CMLL World Super Lightweight Championship, on October 5,2008, Romero jumped from CMLL to rival promotion Asistencia Asesoría y Administración. He made his debut at the promotions television taping in Puebla, Puebla and was announced as a member of Sean Waltmans D-Generation MEX stable at the show. On July 4,2010, Romero turned rudo and joined La Legión Extranjera instead, however, just four days later it was reported that Romero had left AAA, after the company had asked him to take a pay cut. While in ROH, he and Reyes were also members of Homicides stable and he left the company at the end of 2005 to focus on working in Japan. Romero, however, did compete as Black Tiger in August 2007 in Chikara to compete for the NWA World Junior Heavyweight Championship against champion Mike Quackenbush. At NJPWs Resolution 09 on April 5, Romero lost in a mask vs. title match against Tiger Mask, thus ending his role as Black TigerRocky Romero – Romero in September 2015
3. Battle of Heligoland (1864) – The Battle of Heligoland was fought on 9 May 1864, during the Second War of Schleswig between the navy of Denmark and the navy of Austria. When the Danish forces had caused the flagship of the Austrian commander, Freiherr von Tegetthoff, to catch fire and it was the last significant naval battle fought by squadrons of wooden ships and also the last one involving Denmark. Although the battle ended with a victory for Denmark, it had no impact on the outcome of the war. A general armistice came into effect on 12 May, and Denmark had lost the war, as the Danish squadron approached from the north, it sighted the British frigate Aurora at about 10 a. m. and soon afterwards five more ships to the Southwest. The two squadrons approached each other, and the Austrian screw-driven Schwarzenberg opened fire at 13.15 p. m, the Danes returned fire when the distance had closed. When Austrian Admiral Tegetthoff altered course to the West in an effort to cross the T, with the Prussian gunboats unable to keep pace and now far behind, the Austrian and Danish squadrons passed each other at a distance of about 1 nautical mile, exchanging furious fire. Tegetthoff turned about so as to prevent the gunboats being cut off, the Danish Niels Juel duelled with Schwarzenberg, while the Danish Jylland and Hejmdal concentrated on the Austrian Radetzky. The Prussian gunboats were at this point too far away to play a role, at about 15.30 p. m. Schwarzenberg caught fire and whilst this was quickly brought under control was unable to continue. With the armistice set to come into effect on 12 May, Suenson was ordered back to Copenhagen, in Denmark as in Austria, the outcome of the battle was regarded as a victory. The Danish squadron was enthusiastically welcomed in Copenhagen, while in Austria and he subsequently led the reform of the Austrian naval establishment. The refitted Swarzenberg subsequently took part in the Austrian naval victory at the Battle of Lissa two years later, the frigate Jylland is today located in a drydock in a maritime museum in Ebeltoft, Denmark. In Copenhagen, at Nyboder, there is a monument commemorating Edouard Suenson who led the Danish forces in the battle, the Battle off Helgoland, Danish Military HistoryBattle of Heligoland (1864) – The Battle of Heligoland by Josef Carl Berthold Püttner
4. Disneyland Railroad – Its route is 1.2 miles in length and encircles the vast majority of the park, with stations in the Main Street, U. S. A. New Orleans Square, Mickeys Toontown, and Tomorrowland sections, the rail line, which was built by WED Enterprises, is operated with two steam locomotives built by WED Enterprises and three historic steam locomotives originally built by Baldwin Locomotive Works. Its trains take around eighteen minutes to complete a trip on its main line when three trains are running and twenty minutes when four trains are running. A minimum of two trains and a maximum of four trains are in daily, and three trains are in service on a typical day. The Disneyland Railroad opened to the public for the first time on July 17,1955, with an estimated 6.6 million passengers served each year, the DRR has become one of the worlds most popular steam-powered railroads. The DRR temporarily closed on January 11,2016 to accommodate the construction of Star Wars Land and is scheduled to reopen in summer 2017, Walt Disney, the creator of the concepts for Disneyland and the Disneyland Railroad, always had a strong fondness for trains. As a teenager, he obtained a job as a butcher on the Missouri Pacific Railway, selling various products to train passengers including newspapers, candy. Starting in late 1947, he began to develop an interest in model trains after purchasing several Lionel train sets,173, a steam locomotive rebuilt by the Central Pacific Railroad in 1872. The Lilly Belle first ran on the Carolwood Pacific Railroad on May 7,1950, Broggie, believing that there would be limited visitor capacity for the attraction, recommended to Disney that he make the train bigger in scale. After financing for Disneyland was secured and all of the parcels of land at the Anaheim site were purchased, construction of the park, the DRR was known by that name until September 30,1974 when the AT&SF Railways sponsorship ended. The No.2 locomotive would pull six 1890s-style passenger cars designed by Bob Gurr, consisting of a car, four coaches. The No.1 locomotive would pull six freight cars consisting of three cars, two gondolas, and a caboose. Both locomotives were designed to run on oil for fuel to generate steam. The two original DRR trains cost over US$240,000 to build, with the two locomotives costing over US$40,000 each. Before the opening of Disneyland, a station in the Main Street, U. S. A. section, besides the depot building, the DRRs functioning water tower was also built at Frontierland Station. S. Vilmer designed the operations of the DRR in such a way that each of its two trains would be assigned to a station on the rail line, making only complete round trips possible. The Retlaw 1 passenger train pulled by the No.2 locomotive only serviced Main Street, Station while the Retlaw 2 freight train pulled by the No. The first test run of the DRRs trains along the length of its route occurred on July 10,1955Disneyland Railroad – Walt Disney's Carolwood Pacific Railroad #173 Lilly Belle miniature live steam locomotive on display at Disneyland Main Street Station in 1993, before its replacement by a replica. Disney's railroad hobby was the inspiration for the Disneyland Railroad. Walt Disney's original is now on display at the Walt Disney Family Museum.
5. Mia Hamm – Mariel Margaret Mia Hamm-Garciaparra is an American retired professional soccer player, two-time Olympic gold medalist, and FIFA Womens World Cup winner. Hamm is also the third most capped player in soccer history behind Kristine Lilly and Christie Rampone. She also holds the team record for most career assists with 144. Hamm was named the womens FIFA World Player of the Year the first two times that award was given and she is listed as one of FIFAs 125 best living players being one of two women, accompanied by teammate Michelle Akers. She was also inducted into the National Soccer Hall of Fame as well as the Alabama Sports Hall of Fame, the Texas Sports Hall of Fame, and the World Football Hall of Fame. Mia Hamm is the author of Go For the Goal, A Champions Guide to Winning in Soccer and Life and appeared in the HBO documentary Dare to Dream, washington Post columnist Michael Wilbon called Hamm, Perhaps the most important athlete of the last 15 years. Born in Selma, Alabama on March 17,1972 to parents Bill and Stephanie Hamm, Mariel Margaret Hamm, born with a club foot, she wore corrective shoes as a toddler. Hamm spent her childhood on United States Air Force bases with her parents, the family moved many times and resided in several places including San Antonio, Texas, and Italy. Florence, Italy is where Hamm was first introduced to soccer, soon her whole family became very involved in the sport. Hamm played sports beginning at a young age. While in junior school, she excelled as a football player on the boys team. As a high school freshman and sophomore, she played soccer for Notre Dame Catholic High School in Wichita Falls, at age 15, she played at the 1987 U. S. Olympic Festival. As a new player in 1987, and the youngest by over a year, she started as a forward. Hamm then attended Lake Braddock Secondary School in Burke, Virginia for one year, Hamms brother played sports, inspiring her to do so as well. Hamm attended the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, where she helped the Tar Heels win four National Collegiate Athletic Association womens championships in five years, North Carolina only lost one game in the ninety five she played on the team. She was an All-American and Atlantic Coast Conference player of the year for her last three years and she also won ACC Female Athlete of the Year in 1993 and 1994. Hamm was also a member of the American National college team played in the 1993 Summer Universiade and lost to China. She was the leading scorer with six goals and she graduated from college with the ACC records for goals with 103, assists with 72, and total points with 278Mia Hamm – Mia Hamm
6. Leslie H. Martin – Professor Sir Leslie Harold Martin, CBE, FAA, FRS was an Australian physicist and Higher Education Advisor. He was one of the 24 Founding Fellows of the Australian Academy of Science and had a significant influence on the structure of Higher Education in Australia, Martin was born 21 December 1900 in Footscray, in Melbourne. He won a Junior State Scholarship to Melbourne High School for his years of secondary schooling. In 1921, in the year of the course for the BSc degree. In 1922, under the supervision of Professor T. H. Laby, he completed a degree in Science obtaining first class honours. Martin was married on 13 February 1923 to Gladys Maude Elaine Bull Their first son, Leon Henry Martin, born in Cambridge on 25 April 1924 and their second son, Raymond Leslie Martin, was born on 3 February 1926. Martin completed his PhD in 1926, the results of this work were published in the Proceedings of the Royal Society of London and the Proceedings of the Cambridge Philosophical Society. He was awarded an International Research Fellowship of the Rockefeller Foundation, in 1927 Martin was Lecturer and then in 1937 Associate Professor in Natural Philosophy at the University of Melbourne. In 1934, he won the coveted David Syme Research Prize, with the outbreak of World War II Martin commenced projects at the request of the Australian Military. In 1945 he became Professor of Physics at the University of Melbourne until 1959, the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research created the Atomic Physics Section in 1947 led by Martin at the University of Melbourne. In 1948 he became a member of the Interim Council of the Australian National University and he was president of the Australian Branch of the Institute of Physics in 1952–53. From 1953 to 1963 he was a Trustee of the Science Museum of Victoria and he became a Foundation Fellow of the Australian Academy of Science in 1954 and was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of London in 1957. For his work in education and defence he was made a Companion of the Order of the British Empire in 1954, in 1957 he was a Pro-Vice-chancellor for the University of Melbourne. Martin was knighted in 1957 to honour his contributions to science. Martin was the chairman of the Australian Universities Commission in August 1959 until he retired in 1966. He oversaw an expansion of Australian higher education, including the commencement of five new universities. In 1961 he became Chairman of the Committee on the Future Development of Tertiary Education in Australia, in 1967 Martin became the chairman of the governments Tertiary Education Committee that began planning for the Australian Defence Force Academy. At first he and Lady Martin lived quietly in Canberra but then moved back to Melbourne where they could be near their four much-loved grandchildren, Martin suffered a stroke in 1979Leslie H. Martin – Professor Sir Leslie H. Martin
7. Dubnium – Dubnium is a chemical element with symbol Db and atomic number 105. A transactinide element, dubnium is highly radioactive, the most stable known isotope and this greatly limits the extent of possible research on dubnium. Dubnium does not occur naturally on Earth and is produced artificially, the first discovery of the element was claimed by the Soviet Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in 1968, followed in 1970 by the American University of California. Both teams proposed a name for the new element, and used it without formal approval, the long-standing dispute was resolved in 1997, when the element was officially named dubnium after Dubna, the site of the JINR. In the periodic table of the elements, dubnium is located in period 7, in d-block, Dubnium belongs to group 5 as the third member of the 6d series of transition metals. In the coming years, the American team undoubtedly synthesized the following elements up to mendelevium, however, in 1956, the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna, Moscow Oblast, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union, was founded and became a major rival to the American team. The first report of discovery of element 105 came from the JINR in 1968, a target of americium-243 was bombarded by a beam of neon-22 ions. The scientists at Dubna reported 9.4 MeV and 9.7 MeV alpha activities followed by alpha activities similar to those of lawrencium-256, in February 1970, a following paper was published. Two activities were found, with half-lives of 14 ms and 2. 2±0.5 s, the former activity was assigned to 242mfAm, the latter one was described as having been caused by an isotope of element 105. A subsequent paper, released in May 1970, reported that this isotope was probably 261105, in April 1970, a team led by Albert Ghiorso working at the University of California stepped into the competition. They claimed to have synthesized the element by bombarding a target with nitrogen-15 ions. In May 1970, the first paper discussing chemical examination and confirmation of the supposed element 105 was published in Dubna and that work relied on the previous data from Dubna, the February 1970 paper. The team identified a 2. 2-second spontaneous fission activity contained within a volatile chloride portraying eka-tantalum properties, in June 1970, the Dubna team made improvements on their original experiment, providing a purer target and intensity of transfer reactions reduced by using a collimator before the catcher. This time, they were able to find 9.1 MeV alpha activities with daughter isotopes identifiable as either 256Lr or 257Lr, thus, the original isotope was either 260105 or 261105. The Soviet team proposed the name nielsbohrium in honor of the Danish nuclear physicist Niels Bohr, one of the founders of the theories of the atomic structure and the quantum theory. The American team proposed that the new element should be named hahnium, in honor of the German chemist Otto Hahn, however, tensions in the late 1960s and 1970s simmered down somewhat. Both teams synthesized the element, element 106, but decided not to suggest their names. In 1968, the Soviet team presented a report calling recognition of discovery of elements 102 and 103 by other teams hasty, afterwards, they suggested establishing an international committee on elaborating the discovery criteriaDubnium – The element 105 was originally proposed to be named after Niels Bohr (left), a Danish nuclear physicist, with name nielsbohrium (Ns) by the Soviet/Russian team. The American team initially proposed the element to be named after Otto Hahn (right), a German chemist, known as a pioneer in the fields of radioactivity and radiochemistry.
8. 1947 Atlantic hurricane season – The 1947 Atlantic hurricane season was the first Atlantic hurricane season to have significant tropical cyclones named by the United States Air Force. The 1947 hurricane season was an active one in terms of landfalling storms. A Category 2 hurricane hit near Tampico, a Category 1 hit near Galveston, the most intense and damaging storm struck Fort Lauderdale as a Category 4 hurricane, then made a second landfall in Louisiana as a high-end Category 2 hurricane. A low pressure area in the Bay of Campeche developed into a depression at 06,00 UTC on July 31. Moving north-northwestward, the depression deepened into a storm six hours later. The storm then intensified slowly and gradually curved to the northwest, at 00,00 UTC on August 2, the storm attained its peak intensity with maximum sustained winds of 50 mph and a minimum barometric pressure of 1,001 mbar. The latter was observed at Port Isabel, Texas, while the former was estimated based on the pressure-wind relationship, simultaneously, the cyclone made landfall in Tamaulipas about 25 mi south of the Mexico–United States border. The system weakened to a depression by 12,00 UTC on August 2. Small craft were advised between the lower and middle coast of Texas were advised to remain in port, the American Red Cross recommended that residents of Port Aransas evacuate as a precaution, but mainly only tourists in the area fled. Most of the damage was done to crops, due to heavy rainfall. However, the precipitation was more beneficial than damaging, the storm caused just over $2 million in damage. A tropical depression developed about 125 mi north-northwest of Barranquilla, Colombia, the depression moved northwestward across the Caribbean Sea and remained weak for a few days, before reaching tropical storm status on 00,00 UTC on August 12. About 16 hours later, the cyclone made landfall near Punta Allen, Quintana Roo, after entering the Bay of Campeche on August 13, the system resumed strengthening, becoming a hurricane early on August 14. On August 15, the system curved southwestward and made landfall near Tampico, Tamaulipas, around 10,00 UTC, the storm rapidly weakened after moving inland and dissipated by 06,00 UTC on August 16. On August 9, a depression formed in the Caribbean Sea. It moved west-northwest, strengthening into a storm before hitting near Cozumel, Mexico. As it moved through the Bay of Campeche, it strengthened into a Category 2 hurricane. The hurricane dissipated the day over land, causing 19 fatalities1947 Atlantic hurricane season – 1947 Atlantic hurricane season
9. Antichrist Superstar – Antichrist Superstar is the second studio album by American rock band Marilyn Manson, released on October 8,1996 by Nothing and Interscope Records. The album debuted at three on the Billboard 200 which launched the band into mainstream success. This, allied with the bands uncompromisingly anti-Christian stance and transgressive performances, led to picketing and numerous protests from religious, the album displayed a more musically cohesive and developed sound than any of their previous releases. According to Rolling Stone magazine, the release marked the end of the grunge era in popular music. As a rock opera and an album, it was the first installment in a trilogy which included succeeding releases Mechanical Animals. It was recorded at Nothing Studios in New Orleans and produced by Trent Reznor of Nine Inch Nails and it is the last album to feature Daisy Berkowitz as he left the band halfway through the albums recording. Antichrist Superstar has sold seven million copies worldwide, including 1.9 million copies in the United States alone. It spawned two singles, and an autobiography. The band supported the album with the controversial Dead to the World Tour, in the years since its release, it has been heralded by numerous publications as the bands finest work. The albums title is a takeoff on Andrew Lloyd Webbers 1971 musical Jesus Christ Superstar, similarly, the record is a rock opera which, in an issue of Kerrang. Magazine edited by the frontman, is stated as a tribute to—and inspired by—the works of German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche. After the release of Holy Wood, Marilyn Manson divulged that his concept album trilogy is a story told in a reverse timeline. That means Holy Wood opens the storyline followed by Mechanical Animals, furthermore, though Antichrist Superstar and Mechanical Animals made sense as individual concept albums on their own, there was a hidden overarching story running through the three releases. Also, found on the front of the cover is a circle surrounded by the words Heart, Mind, Complacent. The booklet also makes reference to Revelation chapter 12, verses one to five, in the Bible. The album, despite containing a gap of silence a few long, is cyclical. When the album is placed on loop, the pacing between the matches that of the additional distorted recitation found in the preceding hidden track. The names of the two latter cycles seem to be a reference to two films by avant-garde filmmaker Kenneth Anger, Inauguration of the Pleasure Dome and Lucifer Rising, the Beautiful People is the first single of Antichrist SuperstarAntichrist Superstar – Antichrist Superstar
10. American Pie Presents: Beta House – American Pie Presents, Beta House is a 2007 American sex comedy film released by Universal Pictures. It is the installment in the American Pie Presents series. The film concludes a story arc begins with The Naked Mile. John White stars as Erik Stifler, a freshman who pledges the Beta House fraternity led by his cousin Dwight Stifler. Christopher McDonald co-stars as Eriks father and Eugene Levy plays Beta House alumnus Noah Levenstein, Universal commissioned the film after positive commercial reaction to The Naked Mile. Border, the writer and producer, respectively, as well as four of the five principal cast members from the film returned. Principal photography took place for seven to eight weeks from June 4,2007, in Toronto, Ontario, American Pie Presents, Beta House was released direct-to-DVD internationally on December 10,2007, and in the United States on December 26,2007. The film was a financial success, generating US$18.55 million in United States sales. It received generally negative reviews from film critics, after his girlfriend Tracy breaks up with him, Erik Stifler and his friend Mike Cooze Coozeman arrive at the University of Michigan as freshmen. On arriving at his dorm, Erik meets a girl named Ashley while she is taking a shower in the coed bathrooms and he then meets his new roommate Bobby and his girlfriend Margie while they are having sex. Erik is then welcomed by his cousin, Dwight Stifler, the leader of the Beta House fraternity, who invites Erik, Cooze, and Bobby to a Beta House party. They meet Wesley, the chair of Beta House who experiences blackouts after drinking alcohol. They are also informed by Dwight that the Geek House, formed by wealthy nerds, has been trying to shut down Beta House. Erik and Ashley begin dating, but on their first date at a restaurant, Erik has hot soup spilled accidentally on his legs, as Ashley rubs lotion on Eriks thigh, he develops an involuntary erection and accidentally ejaculates over her possessions. Erik apologizes and explains to Ashley that, after breaking up with Tracy, he has not ejaculated in four months, masturbation being a taboo in his house because of a previous incident. Meanwhile, Cooze falls in love with Ashleys roommate Denise, however, she is nervous about showing her genitalia and having sex with him, so she gives Cooze a handjob instead. After talking with Erik, Bobby, and Dwight about Denise, Cooze develops suspicions that Denise might have a penis, while completing these tasks the Beta House members are banned from the Silver Dollar, their favorite strip club and bar, after the Geek House buys the locale. After they complete their task, Edgar, the president of the Geek House, challenges the Beta House to the Greek OlympiadAmerican Pie Presents: Beta House – Home media release cover