Avellaneda is a port city in the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina, and the seat of the Avellaneda Partido, whose population was 328,980 as per the 2001 census. Avellaneda is located within the Greater Buenos Aires metropolitan area, and is connected to neighboring Buenos Aires by several bridges over the Riachuelo River. Located on land granted to Adelantado Juan Torres de Vera y Aragón by Captain Juan de Garay in 1620, a port settlement known as Puerto del Riachuelo first emerged here in 1731. Established as Barracas al Sur on April 7,1852, by Quilmes Justice of the Peace Martín José de la Serna and it was renamed on January 11,1904, after former President Nicolás Avellaneda. It was declared a city on October 23,1895, Avellaneda is one of the foremost wholesale and industrial centers of Argentina. The National University of Avellaneda was established here in 2009, the Central Produce Market also operated in Avellaneda. It was ultimately demolished in 1966 to make way for the New Pueyrredón Bridge that connects Avellaneda to the Frondizi Expressway in Buenos Aires proper, the Diocese of Avellaneda and Lanús was formally established in 1961. Its cathedral, Iglesia Catedral de la Asunción, had been consecrated a century earlier, the construction of numerous high rises around Alsina Square during the 1950s and 60s led to irreparable structural damage to the cathedral, however, and in 1967 it was closed to the public. Demolished in 1971, the Renaissance Revival cathedral was replaced in 1984 by a modern structure, two of the most important Argentine football clubs, Independiente and Racing, are located in Avellaneda. The city became the second in the world to be home to two championship teams when Independiente won the 1973 Intercontinental Cup. See Category, People from Avellaneda Municipality of Avellaneda - Official website, Municipal information, Municipal Affairs Federal Institute, Municipal Affairs Secretariat, Ministry of Interior, Argentina
The Central Produce Market, the nation's largest wholesaler from 1889 until its closure in 1963.