Artikelen in de categorie "Afstandsonderwijs"
Deze categorie bevat de volgende 14 pagina’s, van in totaal 14.
Deze categorie bevat de volgende 14 pagina’s, van in totaal 14.
1. Afstandsonderwijs – Distance education or distance learning is the education of students who may not always be physically present at a school. Traditionally this usually involved correspondence courses wherein the student corresponded with the school via post, courses that are conducted are either hybrid, blended or 100% whole instruction. Massive open online courses, offering large-scale interactive participation and open access through the World Wide Web or other technologies, are recent developments in distance education. A number of terms are used roughly synonymously with distance education. The element of student feedback was an innovation of Pitmans system. This scheme was made possible by the introduction of postage rates across England in 1840. This early beginning proved extremely successful, and the Phonographic Correspondence Society was founded three years later to establish these courses on a formal basis. The Society paved the way for the formation of Sir Isaac Pitman Colleges across the country. The first correspondence school in the United States was the Society to Encourage Studies at Home, the University of London was the first university to offer distance learning degrees, establishing its External Programme in 1828. The issue soon boiled down to which institutions had degree-granting powers, as Sheldon Rothblatt states, thus arose in nearly archetypal form the famous English distinction between teaching and examining, here embodied in separate institutions. Enrollment increased steadily during the late 19th century, and its example was copied elsewhere. In 1892 he also encouraged the concept of correspondence courses to further promote education. Enrollment in the largest private school based in Scranton, Pennsylvania. Founded in 1888 to provide training for immigrant coal miners aiming to become state mine inspectors or foremen, it enrolled 2500 new students in 1894, by 1906 total enrollments reached 900,000. The growth was due to sending out complete textbooks instead of single lessons, and the use of 1200 aggressive in-person salesmen. There was a stark contrast in pedagogy, The regular technical school or college aims to educate a man broadly, our aim and we, on the contrary, are aiming to make our courses fit the particular needs of the student who takes them. Education was a priority in the Progressive Era, as American high schools. For men who were older or were too busy with family responsibilities, night schools were opened, outside the big cities, private correspondence schools offered a flexible, narrowly focused solution
2. EdX – EdX is a massive open online course provider. It hosts online university-level courses in a range of disciplines to a worldwide student body. It also conducts research into learning based on how people use its platform, EdX differs from other MOOC providers, such as Coursera and Udacity, in that it is a nonprofit organization and runs on the Open edX open-source software. The Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard University created edX in May 2012, more than 70 schools, nonprofit organizations, and corporations offer or plan to offer courses on the edX website. As of 29 December 2016, edX has around 10 million students taking more than 1,270 courses online, EdX courses consist of weekly learning sequences. Each learning sequence is composed of short videos interspersed with interactive learning exercises, where applicable, online laboratories are incorporated into the course. For example, in edXs first MOOC — a circuits and electronics course — students built virtual circuits in an online lab, EdX offers certificates of successful completion and some courses are credit-eligible. Whether or not a college or university offers credit for a course is within the sole discretion of the school. EdX offers a variety of ways to take courses, including verified courses where students have the option to audit the course or to work toward an edX Verified Certificate. For courses announced before December 7,2015, there was an option to take honor code courses to work toward an Honor Code Certificate, EdX also offers XSeries Certificates for completion of a bundled set of two to seven verified courses in a single subject. A team of researchers at Harvard and MIT, led by David Pritchard and Lori Breslow, EdX member schools and organizations also conduct their own research using data collected from their courses. Research focuses on improving retention, course completion and learning outcomes in traditional campus courses, EdX has engaged in a number of partnerships with educational institutions in the United States, China, Mongolia, Japan, and more to utilize edX courses in blended classrooms. In blended learning models, traditional classes include an interactive component. Initial results showed a decrease in failure rates from previous semesters, the percentage of students required to retake the course dropped from 41% under the traditional format to 9% for those taking the edX blended course. In Spring 2013, Bunker Hill Community College and Massachusetts Bay Community College implemented a SPOC, the colleges incorporated an MIT-developed Python programming course on EdX into their campus-based courses, and reported positive results. Open edX is the platform software developed by EdX and made freely available to other institutions of higher learning that want to make similar offerings. On June 1,2013, edX open sourced its entire platform, the source code can be found on GitHub. In March 2014, edX appointed Wendy Cebula, former COO of Vistaprint, as its President, CEO Anant Agarwal of MIT stated that Cebula would bring an entrepreneurial aspect and help the nonprofit to access commercial opportunities
3. The Open University – The Open University is a public distance learning and research university, and one of the biggest universities in the UK for undergraduate education. The majority of the OUs undergraduate students are based throughout the United Kingdom and principally study off-campus, the OU was established in 1969 and the first students enrolled in January 1971. The University administration is based at Walton Hall, Milton Keynes, in Buckinghamshire and it also has offices and regional examination centres in many other European countries. The university awards undergraduate and postgraduate degrees, as well as qualifications such as diplomas. Since it was founded, more than 1.5 million students have studied its courses and it was rated top university in England and Wales for student satisfaction in the 2005,2006 and 2012 United Kingdom government national student satisfaction survey, and second in the 2007 survey. The Open University was founded by the Labour government under Prime Minister Harold Wilson, Wilson was a strong advocate, using the vision of Michael Young. Wilson envisioned The Open University as a marker in the Labour Partys commitment to modernising British society. He believed that it would build a more competitive economy while also promoting greater equality of opportunity. By the time the actual, much higher costs became apparent, the majority of staff are part-time Associate Lecturers and, as of the 2009–10 academic year, almost 8,000 work for the OU. Salaries are the OUs main cost - over £275 million for the 2009–2010 academic year, in 2010 the OU became one of the Sunday Times′ Best Places to Work in the Public Sector. Open University Employees Credit Union Limited is a savings and loans co-operative established by the University for staff in 1994, a member of the Association of British Credit Unions Limited, it is authorised by the Prudential Regulation Authority and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority and the PRA. Ultimately, like the banks and building societies, members’ savings are protected against business failure by the Financial Services Compensation Scheme, in 1982 the OU announced the establishment of a business school supported by the Foundation for Management Education and the British Institute of Management. In 1983 the Open University Business School was founded with 1,600 students enrolled onto the first two courses – The Effective Manager and Personnel Selection and Interviewing, the Open University Business school is accredited by the international accrediting bodies AACSB, AMBA, amd EQUIS. It is the only triple-accredited business school that specialises in flexible learning, the OU uses a variety of methods for teaching, including written and audio materials, the Internet, disc-based software and television programmes on DVD. Course-based television broadcasts by the BBC, which started on 3 January 1971, materials comprise originally authored work by in-house and external academic contributors, and from third-party materials licensed for use by OU students. For most modules, students are supported by tutors who provide feedback on their work and are available to them at face-to-face tutorials, by telephone. Some modules have mandatory day schools and these are day-long sessions which a student must attend in order to pass the module. Nevertheless, it is possible to be excused on the basis of ill-health, over the past ten years the university has adopted a policy of separating residential modules from distance-full-time taught modules
4. UNED – It has headquarters in Madrid, Spain, with campuses in all Spanish autonomous communities. In addition, there are 14 study centres, and 3 exam points, in 13 countries in Europe, Americas, the University awards undergraduate and postgraduate degrees, as well as non-degree qualifications such as diplomas and certificates, or continuing education units. UNED combines traditional onsite education with distance learning programs, with over 260,000 students, UNED is the largest university in Spain and the second largest in Europe. UNED was founded in 1972 following the idea of the UKs Open University to provide quality higher and it awards the same qualifications as other Spanish universities and has the same entry requirements. This implies that it is not Open, even though the study is at distance, admissions are as strict as for onsite education and exams are supervised as in the other Spanish universities. UNED’s mission is to be present as a centre of excellence throughout the world, UNED currently has 61 study centres in Spain and 14 abroad, thanks to the co-operation of local institutions. These centres provide face-to-face sessions with professors once a week, the international centres are in Bata, Bern, Brussels, Buenos Aires, Caracas, Frankfurt, Lima, London, Malabo, Mexico City, Paris and São Paulo. Additionally, there are points in Bogotá, Berlin, New York, Rome. Later 2012 the Spanish newspaper El País featured the story about the launch of UNX, massachusetts Institute of Technology Center for Mobile Learning is a collaborating partner in this project, along with Spanish partners UNED. The UNX online courses are intended to bring open learning about technology, UNED provides instruction by means of a distance learning modality characterized by the use of a specific didactic methodology. The methodology combines the use of print and audiovisual media with that of new technologies, there are also various systems of communication between professors and students as well as on-site assistance to students from professor-tutors at the Centers. The student receives support from online, by telephone or via videoconference. Should they wish, students can attend tutorials at the Associated Centers given by specialized tutors, Associated Centers also facilitate the formation of study and working groups made up of students from the same center. The student can develop those activities through a virtual Platform, where the university community can exchange information, material, documents, Printed, audiovisual and multimedia materials, Printed materials specially designed for autonomous learning, and a very wide range of audiovisual and multimedia materials developed by UNED. Audiovisual Media like radio, educational television and the UNED Channel, UNED students are integrated into a broader virtual community where they have access to various online services that respond to their needs. Students can also join online work and study communities formed by classmates at any Center, carrying out the in-person exams at the Associated Centers, Examinations are written by teaching teams at the Faculties and distributed to all Associated Centers by virtual pouch. All conducted examinations are returned to the corresponding teaching teams for evaluation. S. O