Artikelen in de categorie "Amerikaans fantasyschrijver"
Deze categorie bevat de volgende 96 pagina’s, van in totaal 96.
Deze categorie bevat de volgende 96 pagina’s, van in totaal 96.
1. Lloyd Alexander – Lloyd Chudley Alexander was an American author of more than forty books, primarily fantasy novels for children and young adults. He won U. S. National Book Awards in 1971 and 1982, Alexander was one creator of the childrens literary magazine Cricket. Alexander was born in Philadelphia in 1924 and grew up in Drexel Hill and his father was a stockbroker and the family was much affected by the Great Depression. His parents read only newspapers but they did buy books at the Salvation Army to fill up empty shelves, Lloyd was a reader of books, Shakespeare, Dickens, Mark Twain and so many other were my dearest friends and greatest teachers. I loved all the mythologies, King Arthur was one of my heroes. By fifteen he had determined to be a writer and his parents found him a practical job as bank messenger, which inspired a satire that would become his first book published fifteen years later, And Let the Credit Go. He graduated at age sixteen in 1940 from Upper Darby High School and his parents placed him at Haverford College just down the road from home. Years later he observed, My parents never read a book, I never in all my life saw them sit down and read a book. So it was always a mystery to them—where do these books come from, and our son wants to go into a business like that. He ignored their warnings and lived to regret not listening, acknowledging that he hadnt realized how hard a writing career would be. Alexander judged that adventure, not college, was the best school for a writer, the army shipped him to Texas where he played the cymbals in band and the organ in chapel. He received combat training in Maryland, then in Wales. He rose to be a sergeant in intelligence and counterintelligence. After the war Alexander attended the University of Paris, where he met Janine Denni and they were married in 1946 and soon moved back home to Philadelphia. Alexander died on May 17,2007, two weeks after the death of his wife of sixty-one years and he is buried at Arlington Cemetery in Drexel Hill. His daughter, Madeleine Khalil, died in 1990, for about fifteen years in Philadelphia, Alexander wrote primarily fiction, non-fiction, and translations for adults. He wrote novel after novel for seven years before his first book was published and that was the story of a young person going out into the world for the first time and finding the world a very difficult place indeed. Thats the story all of us have to tell
2. Poul Anderson – Poul William Anderson was an American science fiction author who began his career during the Golden Age of the genre and continued to write and remain popular into the 21st century. Anderson also authored works of fantasy, historical novels. He received numerous awards for his writing, including seven Hugo Awards, Poul Anderson was born on November 25,1926, in Bristol, Pennsylvania, of Scandinavian parents. Shortly after his birth, his father, Anton Anderson, an engineer, moved the family to Texas, following Anton Andersons death, his widow took her children to Denmark. The family returned to the United States after the outbreak of World War II, the frame story of his later novel Three Hearts and Three Lions, before the fantasy part begins, is partly set in the Denmark which the young Anderson personally experienced. Anderson married Karen Kruse in 1953 and moved with her to the San Francisco Bay area and their daughter Astrid was born in 1954. They made their home in Orinda, California, over the years Poul gave many readings at The Other Change of Hobbit bookstore in Berkeley, and his wife later donated his typewriter and desk to the store. He died of cancer on July 31,2001, after a month in the hospital, a few of his novels were first published posthumously. Anderson was a member of the Society for Creative Anachronism in 1966 and of the Swordsmen and Sorcerers Guild of America. The latter was a group of Heroic Fantasy authors led by Lin Carter, originally eight in number. He was the sixth President of Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America, robert A. Heinlein dedicated his 1985 novel The Cat Who Walks Through Walls to Anderson and eight of the other members of the Citizens Advisory Council on National Space Policy. Anderson is probably best known for stories in which larger-than-life characters succeed gleefully or fail heroically. His characters were nonetheless thoughtful, often introspective, and well developed and his plot lines frequently involved the application of social and political issues in a speculative manner appropriate to the science fiction genre. He also wrote some works, generally of shorter length. Much of his fiction is thoroughly grounded in science. A specialty was imagining scientifically plausible non-Earthlike planets, in many stories, Anderson commented on society and politics. This is graphically expressed in the short story Welcome. By the end of the story, rebels have established themselves at another stellar system—where their descendants, while horrified by the prospect of the Soviets winning complete rule over the Earth, Anderson was not enthusiastic about having Americans in that role either
3. Peter S. Beagle – Peter Soyer Beagle is an American novelist and screenwriter, especially fantasy fiction. His best-known work is The Last Unicorn, a novel he wrote in his twenties. During the last twenty-five years he has won literary awards including a World Fantasy Award for Life Achievement in 2011. Beagle was born in Manhattan on April 20,1939, the son of Rebecca Soyer, three of his uncles were noted painters, Moses, Raphael, and Isaac Soyer. Beagle was raised in Bronx, New York, and graduated from the Bronx High School of Science in 1955 and he garnered early recognition from The Scholastic Art & Writing Awards, winning a scholarship to University of Pittsburgh for a poem he submitted as a high school senior. He went on to graduate from the university with a degree in creative writing, following a year overseas, Beagle held the graduate Stegner Fellowship in creative writing at Stanford University, where he overlapped with Ken Kesey, Gurney Norman, and Larry McMurtry. Beagle wrote his first novel, A Fine and Private Place, today he is best known as the author of The Last Unicorn and A Fine and Private Place, as well as his later fantasies following The Folk of the Air. The Wind in the Willows, a classic of literature by Kenneth Grahame, had originally attracted him to the genre of fantasy. In the 1970s, Beagle turned to screenwriting, after writing an introduction for an American print edition of The Lord of the Rings, he wrote the screenplay for the 1978 Ralph Bakshi-animated version of The Lord of the Rings. Two decades later he wrote the teleplay for Sarek, episode 71 of the television series Star Trek, Beagles work as a screenwriter interrupted his early career direction as a novelist, magazine nonfiction author, and short-story writer. But in the mid-90s he returned to fiction of all lengths. With David Carlson as composer he adapted his story Come, Lady Death into the libretto for an opera, The Midnight Angel, in 2005 Beagle published a coda to The Last Unicorn, a novelette entitled Two Hearts, and began work on a full-novel sequel. Two Hearts won the most prestigious awards, the Hugo Award for Best Novelette in 2006. It was also nominated as a fiction finalist for the World Fantasy Award. IDW Publishing released a comic book adaptation of The Last Unicorn beginning in April 2010. The collected hardcover edition was released in January 2011, premiering at #2 on the New York Times Hardcover Graphic Novel bestseller list and it will be followed by an adaptation of A Fine and Private Place. Beagles 2009 collection of fiction, We Never Talk About My Brother, was nominated for a World Fantasy Award. In 2013, he collaborated with Phildel on a new track Dark Water Down, mixing poetry and they then appeared together at a gig at Cafe Du Nord in San Francisco, USA
4. James Blish – James Benjamin Blish was an American author of fantasy and science fiction. Blish also wrote criticism of science fiction using the pen-name William Atheling, Jr. Blish was born at East Orange. In the late 1930s to the early 1940s, Blish was a member of the Futurians and he broke into science fiction print with two stories published by Frederik Pohl in Super Science Stories, Emergency Refueling in March and Bequest of the Angel in May 1940. ISFDB catalogs ten more stories published during 1941 and 1942, Blish trained as a biologist at Rutgers and Columbia University, and spent 1942–1944 as a medical technician in the United States Army. After the war he became the editor for the Pfizer pharmaceutical company. His writing career progressed until he gave up his job to become a professional writer and he is credited with coining the term gas giant, in the story Solar Plexus as it appeared in the anthology Beyond Human Ken, edited by Judith Merril. From 1962 to 1968, Blish worked for the Tobacco Institute, Blish adapted episodes of Star Trek for Bantam Books. They were collected into volumes, and published as a title series of the same name from 1967 to 1977. The adaptations were based on draft scripts, often containing additional plot elements or differing situations from the televised episodes. The original novel Spock Must Die. also by Blish, was released by Bantam in 1970, Blish noted his financial stability later in life was the result of his Star Trek work. Releases after Star Trek 6 were likely written in collaboration with his wife Judith Lawrence, Blish died before the series was completed, and the final volume, Star Trek 12, was co-credited to his wife. She continued the series with Mudds Angels in 1978, the archive of Blishs books and papers is deposited at the Bodleian Library in Oxford. Blish is buried in Holywell Cemetery, Oxford, perhaps Blishs most famous works were the Okies stories, known collectively as Cities in Flight, published in the science-fiction digest magazine Astounding Science Fiction. The framework for these was set in the first of four novels, They Shall Have Stars, the second is the development of an antigravity device known as the spindizzy. Since the device becomes more efficient when used to larger objects, entire cities leave an Earth in decline and rove the stars. The long life provided by ascomycin is necessary because the journeys between stars are time-consuming, the second, A Life For The Stars, is a coming of age story set amid flying cities. For his fourth and final installment, The Triumph of Time, a film version of Cities in Flight was in pre-production by Spacefilms in 1979, but never materialized. This term describes the background of a number of Blishs science fiction short stories, Three distinct technologies, their invention, and consequences are outlined
5. Ray Bradbury – Ray Douglas Bradbury was an American fantasy, science fiction, horror and mystery fiction author and screenwriter. While most of his best known work is in speculative fiction, he wrote in other genres, such as the coming-of-age novel Dandelion Wine or the fictionalized memoir Green Shadows. Recipient of numerous awards, including a 2007 Pulitzer Citation, Bradbury also wrote and consulted on screenplays and television scripts, including Moby Dick, many of his works were adapted to comic book, television and film formats. On his death in 2012, The New York Times called Bradbury the writer most responsible for bringing modern science fiction into the literary mainstream. Bradbury was born on August 22,1920 in Waukegan, Illinois, to Esther Bradbury, a Swedish immigrant, and Leonard Spaulding Bradbury and he was given the middle name Douglas, after the actor Douglas Fairbanks. Bradbury was related to the American Shakespeare scholar Douglas Spaulding and was descended from Mary Bradbury, Bradbury was surrounded by an extended family during his early childhood and formative years in Waukegan, Illinois. An aunt read him stories when he was a child. This period provided foundations for both the author and his stories, in Bradburys works of fiction, 1920s Waukegan becomes Green Town, Illinois. The family arrived with only US$40, which paid for rent and this meant that they could stay, however, and Bradbury—who was in love with Hollywood—was ecstatic. Bradbury attended Los Angeles High School and was active in the drama club and he often roller-skated through Hollywood in hopes of meeting celebrities. Among the creative and talented people Bradbury met this way were special effects pioneer Ray Harryhausen, throughout his youth, Bradbury was an avid reader and writer and knew at a young age that he was going into one of the arts. Bradbury began writing his own stories at age eleven, during the Great Depression — sometimes writing on the available paper, butcher paper. In his youth, he spent much time in the Carnegie library in Waukegan, reading such authors as H. G. Wells, Jules Verne, at twelve, Bradbury began writing traditional horror stories and said he tried to imitate Poe until he was about eighteen. In addition to comics, he loved Edgar Rice Burroughs, creator of Tarzan of the Apes, the Warlord of Mars impressed him so much that at the age of twelve he wrote his own sequel. The young Bradbury was also a cartoonist and loved to illustrate and he wrote about Tarzan and drew his own Sunday panels. He listened to the radio show Chandu the Magician, and when the show went off the air every night he would sit, as a teen in Beverly Hills, he often visited his mentor and friend, science fiction writer Bob Olsen, sharing ideas and maintaining contact. In 1936, at a bookstore in Hollywood, Bradbury discovered a handbill promoting meetings of the Los Angeles Science Fiction Society. Excited to find there were others sharing his interest, Bradbury joined a weekly Thursday-night conclave at age sixteen, at age 17, Bradbury read stories published in Astounding Science Fiction, and read everything by Robert A. Heinlein, Arthur C
6. Marion Zimmer Bradley – Zimmer Bradleys first child, David R. Bradley, and her brother, Paul Edwin Zimmer, also became published science fiction and fantasy authors. Born on a farm in Albany, New York, during the Great Depression and she was married to Robert Alden Bradley from October 26,1949 until their divorce on May 19,1964. They had a son, David Robert Bradley, during the 1950s she was introduced to the cultural and campaigning lesbian group the Daughters of Bilitis. After her divorce, Bradley married numismatist Walter H. Breen on June 3,1964 and they had a daughter, Moira Greyland, who is a professional harpist and singer, and a son, Mark Greyland. In 1965, Bradley graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree from Hardin-Simmons University in Abilene, afterward, she moved to Berkeley, California, to pursue graduate studies at the University of California, Berkeley between 1965 and 1967. In 1966, she helped found and named the Society for Creative Anachronism and was involved in developing several local groups, Bradley and Breen separated in 1979 but remained married, and continued a business relationship and lived on the same street for over a decade. They officially divorced on May 9,1990, the year Breen was arrested on child molestation charges after a 13-year-old boy reported that Breen had been molesting him for four years and she had known about Breens sexual interests and previously accepted his sexual abuse of a 14-year-old boy. While she was attending the College for Teachers in Albany, Bradley became involved in Western esoteric tradition and she later completed the Rosicrucian correspondence course. In the late 1950s or early 1960s, Bradley and Walter H. Breen founded the Aquarian Order of the Restoration based on the work of Dion Fortune, by 1961 she was formally initiating others, including Ramfis S. Firethorn. Bradley was active in Darkmoon Circle, which was founded in 1978 by several women who were members of her Aquarian Order of the Restoration, Bradley renovated her garage to provide a meeting room for Darkmoon Circle as well as for other local Pagan groups. In 1981 Bradley, Diana L. Paxson, and Elisabeth Waters incorporated the Center for Non-Traditional Religion, in the 1990s Bradley said she would return to Christianity, telling an interviewer, I just go regularly to the Episcopalian church. I feel that Ive gotten past it, I would like people to explore the possibilities. After suffering declining health for years, Bradley died at Alta Bates Medical Center in Berkeley on September 25,1999 and her ashes were later scattered at Glastonbury Tor in Somerset, England. In 2014, her daughter, Moira Greyland, accused her of abuse from the age of 3 to 12. I didnt want to hurt anyone she had helped, so I just kept my mouth shut. Greyland also claimed that she was not the victim and that she was one of the people who reported her father, Walter H. Breen, for child molestation. By her own admission Bradley was aware of her husbands behavior although she chose not to report him, among the first was John Scalzi, who within a day of the allegations being made public, described the allegations as horrific. Hugo Award winner Jim C. Hines wrote All of which makes the revelations about Marion Zimmer Bradley protecting a child rapist and molesting her own daughter
7. Terry Brooks – Terence Dean Terry Brooks is an American writer of fantasy fiction. He writes mainly epic fantasy, and has written two movie novelizations. He has written 23 New York Times bestsellers during his writing career and he is one of the biggest-selling living fantasy writers. Brooks was born in the rural Midwestern town of Sterling, Illinois and he is an alumnus of Hamilton College, earning his B. A. in English literature in 1966. He later obtained a law degree from Washington and Lee University and he was a practicing attorney before becoming a full-time author. Brooks had been a writer since high school, writing mainly in the genres of fiction, western, fiction. One day, in his college life, he was given a copy of J. R. R. Tolkiens The Lord of the Rings. With this inspiration, he made his debut in 1977 with The Sword of Shannara. After finishing two sequels to The Sword of Shannara, Brooks moved on to the series which would become known as the Landover novels, Brooks then wrote a four-book series titled The Heritage of Shannara. For the next fourteen years, he wrote more Landover books, then went on to write The Word, continuing the Shannara series, Brooks wrote the prequel to The Sword of Shannara, titled First King of Shannara. He then wrote two series, The Voyage of the Jerle Shannara and High Druid of Shannara and recently finished a third, Genesis of Shannara, the sixth book in the Landover series, A Princess of Landover, was released in August 2009. Returning to Shannara, a duology, Legends of Shannara, taking place after the events of Genesis of Shannara, was written next. The first book, entitled Bearers of the Black Staff, was released in August 2010 and he next completed a trilogy entitled The Dark Legacy of Shannara. The three books are, Wards of Faerie, Bloodfire Quest, and Witch Wraith and he followed this with the trilogy Defenders of Shannara, which include The High Druids Blade, The Darkling Child, and The Sorcerers Daughter. According to his website, he is working on the final. The first book in the tetralogy is The Black Elfstone and is scheduled for release June 13,2017, a television series based on the Shannara works, entitled The Shannara Chronicles began showing on MTV in January 2016. The show starts with the book of the original series, Elfstones. The series was renewed for a season as of April 2016 Brooks resides in northwestern Oregon with his wife
8. Lois McMaster Bujold – Lois McMaster Bujold is an American speculative fiction writer. She is one of the most acclaimed writers in her field, having won the Hugo Award for best novel four times, matching Robert A. Heinleins record and her novella The Mountains of Mourning won both the Hugo Award and Nebula Award. In 2011 she was awarded the Skylark Award, in 2013 she was awarded the Forry Award. The bulk of Bujolds works comprises three separate series, the Vorkosigan Saga, the Chalion Series, and the Sharing Knife series. Bujold is the daughter of Robert Charles McMaster and attributes her early interest in fiction, as well as certain aspects of the Vorkosigan Saga. He was editor of the monumental Nondestructive Testing Handbook generally referred to as McMaster on Materials, Bujold writes that her experience growing up with a world-famous father is reflected in the same experience that her characters have of growing up in the shadow of a Great Man. Having observed this tendency in both genders, she wonders why it is called great mans son syndrome, and never great mans daughters syndrome. Her brother, an engineer like their father, helped provide details to support her writing of Falling Free. She is divorced and has two children, her daughter Anne Bujold is a Portland, Oregon metal artist, welder, lois Bujold wrote three books before The Warriors Apprentice was accepted after four rejections. The Warriors Apprentice was the first book purchased, though not the first Vorkosigan book written, on the strength of The Warriors Apprentice, Baen Books agreed to a three-book deal to include the two bracketing novels. Thus began her career in writing in science fiction, by 2010, Baen Books claimed to have sold 2 million copies of Bujolds books. The series also includes prequels starring Miles parents, along with companion novels centered on secondary characters. Earlier titles are generally firmly in the opera tradition with no shortage of battles, conspiracies. In A Civil Campaign, Bujold explores yet another genre, a high-society romance with a plot that pays tribute to Regency romance novelist Georgette Heyer and it centers on a catastrophic dinner party, with misunderstandings and dialogue justifying the subtitle A Comedy of Biology and Manners. The author has stated that the structure is modeled after the Horatio Hornblower books. In themes and echoes, they also reflect Dorothy L. Sayers mystery character Lord Peter Wimsey, most recent printings of her Vorkosigan tales do include an appendix at the end of each book, summarizing the internal chronology of the series. Bujold has discussed her own views on the reading order for the Vorkosigan series in her blog. Bujold also wanted to break into the genre, but met with early setbacks
9. Lyon Sprague de Camp – Lyon Sprague de Camp, better known as L. Sprague de Camp, was an American writer of science fiction, fantasy, non-fiction and biography. In a career spanning 60 years, he wrote over 100 books, including novels and works of non-fiction and he was a major figure in science fiction during the genres heyday in the 1930s and 1940s. De Camp was born in New York City, one of three sons of Lyon de Camp, a businessman in real estate and lumber, and Emma Beatrice Sprague and his maternal grandfather was the accountant, banker, pioneering Volapükist and Civil War veteran Charles Ezra Sprague. De Camp once noted that he rarely used pen-names, partly because my own true name sounds more like a pseudonym than most pseudonyms do. De Camp began his education at the Trinity School in New York, then spent ten years attending the Snyder School in North Carolina, a military-style institution. His stay at the Snyder School was an attempt by his parents and he was awkward and thin, an ineffective fighter, and suffered from bullying by his classmates. He would later recall these challenging childhood experiences in the semi-autobiographical story and he earned his Master of Science degree in Engineering from the Stevens Institute of Technology in 1933. De Camp was also a surveyor and an expert in patents and his first job was with the Inventors Foundation, Inc. in Hoboken, N. J. which was taken over by The International Correspondence Schools. De Camp transferred to the Scranton, PA division and he was Principal of the School of Inventing and Patenting when he resigned in 1937. His first book Inventions and Their Management resulted and was published in July 1937, on August 12,1939, de Camp married Catherine Crook, with whom he collaborated on science fiction and nonfiction beginning in the 1960s. During World War II, de Camp served as a researcher at the Philadelphia Naval Yard along with his fellow writers Isaac Asimov, de Camp eventually rose to the rank of lieutenant commander in the U. S. Navy as a reserve officer. De Camp was a member of the literary and dining club the Trap Door Spiders in New York City. De Camp himself was the model for the character named Geoffrey Avalon and his ashes were inurned, together with hers, in the Arlington National Cemetery in Virginia. De Camps personal library of about 1,200 books was acquired for auction by Half Price Books in 2005, the collection included books inscribed by fellow writers, such as Isaac Asimov and Carl Sagan, as well as de Camp himself. De Camp was a materialist who wrote works examining society, history, technology and he published numerous short stories, novels, non-fiction works and poems during his long career. De Camp had the mind of an educator, and a theme in many of his works is a corrective impulse regarding similar previous works by other authors. A highly rational and logical thinker, he was disturbed by what he regarded as logical lapses and absurdities in others writings. Some, like Asimov, felt de Camps conscientiousness about facts limited the scope of his stories, when he was not debunking literary conventions he was often explaining them
10. Orson Scott Card – Orson Scott Card is an American novelist, critic, public speaker, essayist, and columnist. He writes in several genres but is known best for science fiction and his novel Enders Game and its sequel Speaker for the Dead both won Hugo and Nebula Awards, making Card the only author to win both science fictions top U. S. prizes in consecutive years. A feature film adaptation of Enders Game, which Card co-produced, was released in late October 2013 in Europe and on November 1,2013, a great-great-grandson of Brigham Young, Card is a practicing member of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. In addition to producing a body of fiction works, he has also offered political, religious. Card is the son of Willard Richards Card and Peggy Jane, the third of six children, Card was born in Richland, Washington, and grew up in Santa Clara, California as well as Mesa, Arizona and Orem, Utah. He served as a missionary for the LDS Church in Brazil and graduated from Brigham Young University, for part of the 1970s Card worked as an associate editor of the Ensign, an official magazine of the LDS Church. Card lives in Greensboro, North Carolina, a place that has played a significant role in Enders Game, Card began his writing career primarily as a poet, studying with Clinton F. Larson at BYU. He also explored fiction writing, beginning with stories that eventually evolved into The Worthing Saga, meanwhile, he took part-time employment as a proofreader at BYU Press, then made the jump to full-time employment as a copy editor. In 1976, in the midst of a paid role performing in the churchs musical celebrating Americas Bicentennial, he secured employment as an assistant editor at the Ensign and it was while working at Ensign that Card published his first piece of fiction. His short story Gert Fram appeared in the July 1977 fine arts issue of that magazine under the pseudonym Byron Walley and he wrote the short story Enders Game while working at the BYU press, and submitted it to several publications. The idea for the novel of the same title came from the short story about a school where boys can fight in space. It was eventually purchased by Ben Bova at Analog Science Fiction and Fact and he returned to full-time employment as the book editor for Compute. Magazine in Greensboro, North Carolina, in 1983, in October of that year, a new contract for the Alvin Maker trilogy allowed him to return to freelancing. Enders Game and its sequel Speaker for the Dead were both awarded the Hugo Award and the Nebula Award, making Card the only author to win both of science fictions top prizes in consecutive years. Card has also announced his plan to write Shadows Alive, a book that connects the Shadow series and he later also wrote the first formic war saga, Earth Unaware, Earth Afire, and Earth Awakens as a prequel to the Ender novels. This trilogy relays, among other things, the history of Mazer Rackham, the film was made several years later, and released in 2013, with Asa Butterfield in the title role and Gavin Hood directing. He collaborated with Star Wars artist Doug Chiang on Robota and with Kathryn H. Kidd on Lovelock and he has since branched out into other areas of fiction with novels such as Lost Boys, Treasure Box and Enchantment. Other works include the novelization of the James Cameron film The Abyss, outside the world of published fiction, Card contributed dialog to at least three video games, Loom, The Secret of Monkey Island and The Dig in the early 1990s