Categorie:Film uit 1992
Artikelen in de categorie "Film uit 1992"
Deze categorie bevat de volgende 152 pagina’s, van in totaal 152.
Deze categorie bevat de volgende 152 pagina’s, van in totaal 152.
1. Wikimedia Commons – Wikimedia Commons is an online repository of free-use images, sound, and other media files. It is a project of the Wikimedia Foundation, the repository contains over 38 million media files. In July 2013, the number of edits on Commons reached 100,000,000, the project was proposed by Erik Möller in March 2004 and launched on September 7,2004. The expression educational is to be according to its broad meaning of providing knowledge. Wikimedia Commons itself does not allow fair use or uploads under non-free licenses, for this reason, Wikimedia Commons always hosts freely licensed media and deletes copyright violations. The default language for Commons is English, but registered users can customize their interface to use any other user interface translations. Many content pages, in particular policy pages and portals, have also translated into various languages. Files on Wikimedia Commons are categorized using MediaWikis category system, in addition, they are often collected on individual topical gallery pages. While the project was proposed to also contain free text files. In 2012, BuzzFeed described Wikimedia Commons as littered with dicks, in 2010, Wikipedia co-founder Larry Sanger reported Wikimedia Commons to the FBI for hosting sexualized images of children known as lolicon. Wales responded to the backlash from the Commons community by voluntarily relinquishing some site privileges, over time, additional functionality has been developed to interface Wikimedia Commons with the other Wikimedia projects. Specialized uploading tools and scripts such as Commonist have been created to simplify the process of uploading large numbers of files. In order to free content photos uploaded to Flickr, users can participate in a defunct collaborative external review process. The site has three mechanisms for recognizing quality works, one is known as Featured pictures, where works are nominated and other community members vote to accept or reject the nomination. This process began in November 2004, another process known as Quality images began in June 2006, and has a simpler nomination process comparable to Featured pictures. Quality images only accepts works created by Wikimedia users, whereas Featured pictures additionally accepts nominations of works by third parties such as NASA, the three mentioned processes select a slight part from the total number of files. However, Commons collects files of all quality levels, from the most professional level across simple documental, files with specific defects can be tagged for improvement and warning or even proposed for deletion but there exists no process of systematic rating of all files. The site held its inaugural Picture of the Year competition, for 2006, all images that were made a Featured picture during 2006 were eligible, and voted on by eligible Wikimedia users during two rounds of voting
2. Film (cinematografie) – A film, also called a movie, motion picture, theatrical film or photoplay, is a series of still images which, when shown on a screen, creates the illusion of moving images due to the phi phenomenon. This optical illusion causes the audience to perceive continuous motion between separate objects viewed rapidly in succession, the process of filmmaking is both an art and an industry. The word cinema, short for cinematography, is used to refer to the industry of films. Films were originally recorded onto plastic film through a photochemical process, the adoption of CGI-based special effects led to the use of digital intermediates. Most contemporary films are now fully digital through the process of production, distribution. Films recorded in a form traditionally included an analogous optical soundtrack. It runs along a portion of the film exclusively reserved for it and is not projected, Films are cultural artifacts created by specific cultures. They reflect those cultures, and, in turn, affect them, Film is considered to be an important art form, a source of popular entertainment, and a powerful medium for educating—or indoctrinating—citizens. The visual basis of film gives it a power of communication. Some films have become popular worldwide attractions by using dubbing or subtitles to translate the dialog into the language of the viewer, some have criticized the film industrys glorification of violence and its potentially negative treatment of women. The individual images that make up a film are called frames, the perception of motion is due to a psychological effect called phi phenomenon. The name film originates from the fact that film has historically been the medium for recording and displaying motion pictures. Many other terms exist for a motion picture, including picture, picture show, moving picture, photoplay. The most common term in the United States is movie, while in Europe film is preferred. Terms for the field, in general, include the big screen, the screen, the movies, and cinema. In early years, the sheet was sometimes used instead of screen. Preceding film in origin by thousands of years, early plays and dances had elements common to film, scripts, sets, costumes, production, direction, actors, audiences, storyboards, much terminology later used in film theory and criticism apply, such as mise en scène. Owing to the lack of any technology for doing so, the moving images, the magic lantern, probably created by Christiaan Huygens in the 1650s, could be used to project animation, which was achieved by various types of mechanical slides
3. 1992 – 1992 was designated as, International Space Year by the United Nations. January 1 The Atari 2600 is finally discontinued 15 years after its introduction in September 1977, boutros Boutros-Ghali of Egypt replaces Javier Pérez de Cuéllar of Peru as United Nations Secretary-General. George H. W. Bush becomes the first U. S. President to address the Australian Parliament, January 2 – President of Russia Boris Yeltsin ends price controls, resulting in prices of some goods and services becoming 3 to 5 times more expensive. This in effect ends the command economy in Russia, January 6 – The Nagorno-Karabakh Republic is proclaimed by the Armenians of Nagorno-Karabakh. January 7 – The Yugoslav Air Force downs a helicopter, killing 5 military observers from the European Community. January 8 – George H. W. Bush is televised falling violently ill at a dinner in Japan, vomiting into the lap of Prime Minister Kiichi Miyazawa. January 9 – Bosnian Serbs declare their own republic within Bosnia and Herzegovina, in protest of the decision by Bosniaks, January 11 Singer Paul Simon is the first major artist to tour South Africa after the end of the cultural boycott. Shanda Sharer is tortured and burned to death in Madison, Indiana by 4 teenage girls, Albanian referendum for territorial and political autonomy in FYR Macedonia. January 12 – The second round of Algerias general elections is cancelled when the first round is favorable to the Islamic Salvation Front, January 13 – Japan apologizes for forcing Korean women into sexual slavery during World War II. January 15 – The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia begins to break up, Slovenia and Croatia gain independence and international recognition in some Western countries. January 16 – El Salvador officials and rebel leaders sign the Chapultepec Peace Accords in Mexico City ending the 12-year Salvadoran Civil War that claimed at least 75,000 lives. January 18 – In Nairobi, Kenya, more than 100,000 attend protests demanding an end to one-party rule by the Kenya African National Union, January 19 The Bulgarian presidential election is won by Zhelyu Zhelev, leader of the Union of Democratic Forces. Paramount Leader of China Deng Xiaoping speaks in Shenzhen during his southern tour, January 20 – Cuba executes Eduardo Diaz Betancourt, who was found guilty of sabotage and terrorism. January 21 – Faced with decreased military spending, United Technologies Corporation announces it will eliminate 13,900 jobs by 1993, January 22 Rebel forces occupy Zaires national radio station in Kinshasa and broadcast a demand for the governments resignation. STS-42, Dr. Roberta Bondar becomes the first Canadian woman in space, January 24 In El Salvador, an army colonel and a lieutenant of the Atlacatl Battalion are each sentenced to 30 years in prison for the 1989 murder of six Jesuit priests and their housekeepers. China and Israel establish diplomatic relations, January 26 Boris Yeltsin announces that Russia will stop targeting cities of the United States and her allies with nuclear weapons. In return George H. W. Bush announces that the United States and her allies will stop targeting Russia, in Mauritania, security forces open fire on opponents of President of Mauritania Maaouya Ould SidAhmed Taya, killing at least 5 people. January 27 Macys files for bankruptcy, Nagorno-Karabakh War, in the disputed territory of Nagorno-Karabakh, fighting between Armenians and Azeris leaves at least 60 people dead
4. 1492: Conquest of Paradise (film) – The film was released by Paramount to celebrate the 500th anniversary of Columbus voyage. The premiere debuted at almost the same time as Christopher Columbus, The Discovery. In the beginning, Columbus is obsessed with making a trip westwards to Asia, but lacks crew, the Catholic theologians at the University of Salamanca heavily disapprove of it, and they are not keen on ideas that go against the writings of Ptolemaeus. After continuous warnings at the monastery, he involved in a brawl with the monks. His eldest son, Diego, one of the monks, looks on disapprovingly, as Columbus continues his penance through a vow of silence, he is approached by Martín Pinzon, a shipowner from Palos, who introduces Columbus to the banker Santángel. Queen Isabella I owes money to Santángel, Columbus meets with the queen, who grants him his journey in exchange for his promise to bring back sufficient amounts of riches in gold. Columbus tricks many crewmen by telling them that the voyage would only last seven weeks and he goes to confession at the monastery to absolve his sins, and the monk reluctantly gives him absolution, as he is unable to inform the crewmen without breaking his oath. The next morning, three leave for the trip to Asia, with the flagship being the Santa Maria. During the voyage at night, Captain Méndez notices him navigating by the stars, Columbus then happily teaches how to use the quadrant to find the North Star and that the 28th parallel must be followed to find land. Nine weeks go by and still no sign of land, the crew becomes restless and the other captain turns against Columbus. He tries to reinvigorate them, to let them see the dream that he wishes to share, while some of the crewmen were still not convinced, the main sail suddenly catches the wind, which the crewmen see as a small act of Gods willingness. At night, Columbus notices mosquitoes on the deck, indicating that land is not far off, some days later, Columbus and the crew spot an albatross flying around the ship, before disappearing. Suddenly, out of the mist they see Guanahani with lush vegetation and sandy beaches and they befriend the local natives, who show them gold they have collected. Columbus teaches one of them Spanish so that they are able to communicate and he then informs them that they are to return to Spain momentarily to visit the Queen and bring the word of God. They leave behind a group of crewmen to begin the colonisation of the New World, Columbus receives a high Spanish honour from the Queen and has dinner with the Council. They express disappointment with the amount of gold he brought back. On the 2nd expedition, Columbus takes 17 ships and 1,500 men with him to the island, however, when the tribe is confronted by Columbus and his troops, they tell him that other strangers came and savaged them. Columbus chooses to believe them, but his commanding officer Moxica is not convinced and they begin to build the city of La Isabela and eventually manage to hoist the town bell into its tower, symbolising the arrival of Christianity in the New World
5. 1991: The Year Punk Broke – 1991, The Year Punk Broke, released theatrically in 1992, is a documentary directed by Dave Markey featuring American alternative rock band Sonic Youth on tour in Europe in 1991. While Sonic Youth is the focus of the documentary, the film also gives attention to Nirvana, Dinosaur Jr. Babes in Toyland, Gumball and The Ramones. Also featured in the film are Mark Arm, Dan Peters and Matt Lukin of Mudhoney and roadie Joe Cole, the film is dedicated to him. A home video VHS was released by the David Geffen Company on April 13,1993, the film was again re-released on DVD on September 13,2011 by the Universal Music Group. - The Wagon Sonic Youth - Mote Nirvana - Smells Like Teen Spirit The Ramones - Commando Sonic Youth - Kool Thing Nirvana - Polly Sonic Youth - Expressway To Yr, skull The film takes place over the course of Sonic Youth and Nirvanas 1991 European tour. The European dates, given at the beginning of the film, are as follows,1991, The Year Punk Broke 1991, The Year Punk Broke at the Internet Movie Database Dave Markeys 1991 tour diary
6. Aladdin (film) – Aladdin is a Disney media franchise comprising a film series and additional media. The 31st Disney animated feature film was directed by John Musker and Ron Clements, and is based on the Arab-style folktale of Aladdin, the plot follows street urchin Aladdin as he attempts to gain the affection of Princess Jasmine after acquiring a magic lamp. Aladdin was followed by Disneys first direct-to-video sequel, The Return of Jafar in 1994, the plot mainly focused on Jafar seeking revenge on Aladdin. However, this time, with Iago on Aladdins side, Abis Mal becomes Jafars new henchman, Iago kicks the black lamp into the magma where it melts and submerges causing Jafar to disappear once and for all. In 1996, the sequel to Aladdin, Aladdin and the King of Thieves was released on video. The story concludes as Aladdin and Jasmine are about to have their wedding and Aladdin discovers that his father is still alive, on July 15,2015, it was reported that a live-action prequel to Aladdin is currently in development under the title, Genies. The new film will focus on genies, their realm. The film is being written by Damian Shannon and Mark Swift, tripp Vinson will serve as a producer through Vinson Films. If the film is a success, a remake of the original film may be made. Filming is expected to begin filming in July 2017, shortly after The Return of Jafar, the Aladdin TV series was aired on television. The episodes focused on Aladdins adventures after the events of the second film, on the TV series, Once Upon a Time and its spinoff Once Upon a Time in Wonderland, Jafar appears as one of the main villains. In addition, Aladdin and Jasmine also appear in recurring roles in Once Upon a Times sixth season, descendants is a live-action Disney Channel Original Movie based on the lives of the children of various Disney heroes and villains when they attend the same prep school. Jafar appears in the film as does his son, Jay, the setting for the Aladdin franchise is the fictional sultanate of Agrabah. The original Aladdin film has received critical acclaim, the various other aspects of the franchise, such as the direct-to-video sequels, have received mixed to negative reviews. Along with the release, three different video games based on Aladdin were released. That same year, Capcom released a Super NES game, also called Disneys Aladdin, in 1994, SIMS released another game called Disneys Aladdin for the Game Gear and Master System. The television series inspired another game by Argonaut Games, entitled Aladdin, Nasiras Revenge and released in 2000 for the PlayStation, also, in 2004 Vivendi Universal released Disneys Aladdin Chess Adventures, a chess computer game with the Aladdin license. The Kingdom Hearts series features a playable Aladdin world known as Agrabah, in Kingdom Hearts and Kingdom Hearts, Chain of Memories, the plotline is loosely related to the storyline of the original film
7. Alien³ – It serves as the third film installment of the Alien franchise, and takes place after the events of Aliens and was followed by Alien, Resurrection. The film stars Sigourney Weaver reprising her role as Ellen Ripley, the film faced large-scale problems during production, including shooting without a script, with various screenwriters and directors attached. Fincher was finally brought in to direct after a version with Vincent Ward at the helm was cancelled well into pre-production. While underperforming at the American box office, it earned over $100 million outside of North America, the film received polarized reviews and was regarded as inferior to the previous installments. Fincher has since disowned the film, blaming studio interference and deadlines, in 2003, a revised version of the film known as the Assembly Cut was released without Finchers involvement, it received a warmer reception than the first release version. A fire starts aboard the Colonial Marine spaceship Sulaco, the computer launches an escape pod containing Ellen Ripley, the young girl Newt, Hicks, and the damaged android Bishop, all four are in cryonic stasis. Scans of the crews cryotubes show an Alien facehugger attached to one member, the inmates, who live and work on Fiorina Fury 161 due to their dangerous nature and histories of violence, recover the crashed pod and its passengers. Another facehugger is seen approaching inmate Murphys dog, Spike, Ripley is awakened by Clemens, the prison doctor, who informs her that she is the sole survivor. She is warned by the warden, Harold Andrews, that her presence may have disruptive effects. Ripley insists that Clemens perform an autopsy on Newt, secretly fearing that Newt may be carrying an Alien embryo, despite protests from the warden and his assistant Aaron, the autopsy is conducted and no embryo is found. Elsewhere in the prison, a quadrupedal alien bursts from Spike, growing to full size, the Alien kills Murphy, Boggs, and Rains and returns outcast prisoner Golic to his previously psychopathic state. Ripley finds the damaged Bishop in the wreckage of the ship, just as she is leaving the wreckage, four of the inmates attempt to rape her, but another inmate, Dillon, intervenes and hits the inmates with a crowbar. Ripley heads back to the infirmary, and re-activates Bishop, who confirms that a facehugger came with them to Fiorina in the escape pod, Ripley informs Andrews of her encounters with the Aliens and suggests everyone work together to hunt down and kill it. Andrews does not believe her story, but explains that the facility has no weapons, the Alien surprises Ripley and Clemens in the prison infirmary, where it kills Clemens. It examines Ripley, but spares her and retreats, Andrews orders Aaron to take her back to the infirmary, but he is dragged into the vents and killed by the Alien. Ripley rallies the inmates and proposes they pour flammable toxic waste into the ventilation system, however, the Aliens intervention causes an explosion and several inmates are killed. With Aarons help, Ripley scans herself using the escape pods medical equipment and she also discovers that Weyland-Yutani hopes to turn the Aliens into biological weapons. Deducing that the Alien will not kill her because of the embryo she carries, Ripley begs Dillon to kill her and they form a plan to lure the creature into the foundrys molding facility, trap it via a series of closing doors, and drown it in molten lead
8. L'Amant (film) – The Lover is a 1992 drama film produced by Claude Berri and directed by Jean-Jacques Annaud. Based on the semi-autobiographical 1984 novel by Marguerite Duras, the details the illicit affair between a teenage French girl and a wealthy Chinese man in 1929 French Indochina. In the screenplay written by Annaud and Gérard Brach, the 15 1/2-year-old protagonist is portrayed by actress Jane March and her lover is portrayed by actor Tony Leung Ka-fai. The film features full-frontal male and female nudity, production began in 1989, with filming commencing in 1991. The film made its debut on 22 January 1992, with an English release in the United Kingdom in June. The film won the Motion Picture Sound Editorss 1993 Golden Reel award for Best Sound Editing — Foreign Feature, the film was a box office success, and received fairly positive reviews from the general audience along with mostly negative reviews from American critics. Overall, the performances and cinematography were generally praised. The primary characters are only as the Young Girl and the Chinese Man. The daughter of bitter, fearful, poverty-stricken colonials, the girl is a pretty waif who wears an old silk dress and a fedora and she and her family are French, but live in Vietnam where her mother is a schoolteacher to local children. Her weak-willed mother, violent older brother, and timid younger brother live in a section across the river. The girl is a loner but an excellent student, who dreams of being a writer, the girl meets the Chinese man when crossing the river on the ferry to return to the city after a school holiday. He is the son of a businessman whose fortune was made in real estate, after some awkward conversation, he offers her a ride to Saigon in his chauffeur-driven limousine and she accepts, although the two barely speak during the drive. In voice-over at the beginning of the film she gives her age as 15. He, as well, appears to exaggerate when he states he is 32, the following day, he waits for her outside her boarding school, and the two go to the room he rents for entertaining mistresses in the seedy Chinese quarter, where they have sex. They realize that a future together is unthinkable because she is scheduled to return to Paris soon, aware of the limited time they have together, they fall into a relationship in which they shed all responsibilities that come with commitment. Every day after school, the girl goes to the room somewhat ambiguously acting out her pretend fantasy of the life of a fashionable courtesan. The girls family discovers the affair, and though at first angry, they encourage her to continue because the man is wealthy, despite this added tension, the affair continues passionately. The man even goes so far as to beg his father for his allowance to be with her instead of entering into his arranged marriage, though both devastated, the man marries his arranged bride, and the girl boards a ship days later to return to France
9. Army of Darkness – Army of Darkness is a 1992 American horror comedy film directed and co-written by Sam Raimi, co-produced by Robert Tapert and Bruce Campbell and co-written by Ivan Raimi. It stars Campbell and Embeth Davidtz and it is the third installment in the Evil Dead franchise, and continuing from Evil Dead II, Ash Williams is trapped in the Middle Ages and battles the undead in his quest to return to the present. The film was produced as part of a deal with Universal Studios after the financial success of Darkman. Filming took place in California in 1991, Army of Darkness premiered on October 9,1992 at the Sitges Film Festival, and was released in the United States on February 19,1993. It grossed $21.5 million total over a $11 million budget, since its video release it has acquired a massive cult following, along with the other two films in the trilogy. The film was dedicated to Irvin Shapiro, who died during the production in 1989 on New Years Day. Being transported to the Middle Ages, Ash Williams is captured by Lord Arthurs men and he is enslaved along with the captured Henry, his gun and chainsaw confiscated, and is taken to a castle. Ash is thrown in a pit where he kills a Deadite, after demanding Henry and his men be set free, as he knew it was a witch hunt, and killing a Deadite publicly, Ash is celebrated as a hero. He grows attracted to Sheila, the sister of one of Arthurs fallen knights, according to the Wise Man, the only way Ash can return to his time is through the magical Necronomicon Ex-Mortis. Ash then starts his search for the Necronomicon, as he enters a haunted forest, an unseen force pursues Ash into a windmill, crashing into a mirror. Small reflections of Ash in the mirror shards come to life, with one becoming a life-sized clone, after which Ash kills, when he arrives at the Necronomicons location, he finds three books instead of one and determines which is the actual book. Attempting to say the phrase that will allow him to remove the book safely – Klaatu barada nikto, he forgets and tries to unsuccessfully mumble and he then grabs it and rushes back, while the dead and his evil copy resurrect, uniting into the Army of Darkness. Upon return, Ash demands to be returned to his own time, however, Sheila is captured by a Flying Deadite, and later transformed into one. Ash becomes determined to lead the humans against the Army and the people reluctantly agree, the Wise Men return him to the present by giving him a potion after reciting the phrase. Back in the present, Ash recounts his story to an employee at his job. As he talks to a girl who is interested in his story, Ash kills it using a Winchester rifle from the Sporting Goods department, finally ending the threat. The original ending, preferred by Raimi and Campbell themselves, is one in which Ash is shown being placed in a cave, echoing his experience in botching the recovery of the Necronomicon, Ash mishandles the specific instructions for the potion, accidentally taking an extra dose. Ash awakes and arises from his cave to find himself in a post-apocalyptic future, the original ending was restored to the film for the UK VHS release, which also had the S-Mart ending put in as a post-credit extra
10. C'est arrivé près de chez vous – The film follows a crew of filmmakers following a serial killer, recording his horrific crimes for a documentary they are producing. At first dispassionate observers, they find themselves caught up in the chaotic and nihilistic violence. The film received the André Cavens Award for Best Film by the Belgian Film Critics Association, since its release, the picture has become a cult film, and received a rare NC-17 rating for its release in the U. S. A film crew joins him on his adventures, recording them for a fly on the wall documentary. Ben takes them to meet his family and friends while boasting of murdering many people at random and dumping their bodies in canals, the viewer witnesses these grisly killings in graphic detail. Ben ventures into apartment buildings, explaining how it is more cost-effective to attack old people than young couples because the former have more cash at home and are easier to kill. In a following scene, he screams wildly at an elderly lady, as she lies dying, he casually remarks that this method saved him a bullet. Ben continues his candid explanations and appalling rampage, shooting, strangling, and beating to anyone who comes his way, women, immigrants. The camera crew becomes more and more involved in the murders, first as accomplices, when Ben invades a home and kills an entire family, they help him hold down a young boy and smother him. They meet a competing camera crew and take turns shooting the three men, during filming, two of Bens crew are killed, their deaths are later called occupational hazards by a crew member. When Ben takes a hostage in their own home, he holds the man at gunpoint while he. The following morning, the camera records the aftermath, the woman has been butchered with a knife, her entrails spilling out. Bens violence becomes more and more random until he kills an acquaintance in front of his girlfriend, spattered with blood, they act as though nothing horrible has happened, continuing to offer Ben presents. The film crew disposes of the body for Ben, after a victim flees before he can be killed, Ben is arrested, but he escapes. At this point someone starts taking revenge on him and his family, Ben discovers that his parents have been killed, along with his girlfriend, a flautist, she has been murdered in a particularly humiliating manner, with her flute inserted into her anus. This prompts Ben to decide that he must leave and he meets the camera crew to say farewell, but in the middle of reciting a poem he is abruptly shot dead by an off-camera gunman. The camera crew is then picked off one by one, after the camera falls, it keeps running, and the film ends with the death of the fleeing sound recordist. The film is shot in black and white and was produced on a budget by four student filmmakers