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- ► Stichting naar land (10 C)
Deze categorie bevat de volgende ondercategorie.
1. Wikimedia Commons – Wikimedia Commons is an online repository of free-use images, sound, and other media files. It is a project of the Wikimedia Foundation, the repository contains over 38 million media files. In July 2013, the number of edits on Commons reached 100,000,000, the project was proposed by Erik Möller in March 2004 and launched on September 7,2004. The expression educational is to be according to its broad meaning of providing knowledge. Wikimedia Commons itself does not allow fair use or uploads under non-free licenses, for this reason, Wikimedia Commons always hosts freely licensed media and deletes copyright violations. The default language for Commons is English, but registered users can customize their interface to use any other user interface translations. Many content pages, in particular policy pages and portals, have also translated into various languages. Files on Wikimedia Commons are categorized using MediaWikis category system, in addition, they are often collected on individual topical gallery pages. While the project was proposed to also contain free text files. In 2012, BuzzFeed described Wikimedia Commons as littered with dicks, in 2010, Wikipedia co-founder Larry Sanger reported Wikimedia Commons to the FBI for hosting sexualized images of children known as lolicon. Wales responded to the backlash from the Commons community by voluntarily relinquishing some site privileges, over time, additional functionality has been developed to interface Wikimedia Commons with the other Wikimedia projects. Specialized uploading tools and scripts such as Commonist have been created to simplify the process of uploading large numbers of files. In order to free content photos uploaded to Flickr, users can participate in a defunct collaborative external review process. The site has three mechanisms for recognizing quality works, one is known as Featured pictures, where works are nominated and other community members vote to accept or reject the nomination. This process began in November 2004, another process known as Quality images began in June 2006, and has a simpler nomination process comparable to Featured pictures. Quality images only accepts works created by Wikimedia users, whereas Featured pictures additionally accepts nominations of works by third parties such as NASA, the three mentioned processes select a slight part from the total number of files. However, Commons collects files of all quality levels, from the most professional level across simple documental, files with specific defects can be tagged for improvement and warning or even proposed for deletion but there exists no process of systematic rating of all files. The site held its inaugural Picture of the Year competition, for 2006, all images that were made a Featured picture during 2006 were eligible, and voted on by eligible Wikimedia users during two rounds of voting
2. Stichting – A foundation is a legal category of nonprofit organization that will typically either donate funds and support to other organizations, or provide the source of funding for its own charitable purposes. Foundations incorporate private foundations and public foundations and this type of non-profit organization differs from a private foundation which is typically endowed by an individual or family. One of the characteristics of the legal entities existing under the status of Foundations, is a diversity of structures and purposes. Nevertheless, there are common structural elements that are the first observed under legal scrutiny or classification. Others may be provided by the authority at each particular jurisdiction. There is no commonly accepted legal definition in Europe for a foundation, there is a proposal for a European Foundation, a legal form that would be recognised throughout Europe, see European Foundation Project. The term foundation, in general, is used to describe a legal entity. Foundations as legal structures and/or legal persons, may have a diversity of forms, unlike a company, foundations have no shareholders, though they may have a board, an assembly and voting members. The foundation has a distinct patrimony independent of its founder, Foundations are often set up for charitable purposes, family patrimony and collective purposes. Foundations in Finland must have state approval and register at the National Board of Patents, a minimum capital of €25,000 is obligatory. A foundation can be created with any purpose and may have economic activity if this is specified in its Bylaws. There are not many Foundations in comparison to the rest of Europe, in practice public administration requires at least €1 million is considered necessary. States representatives have a seat in the Board. German regulations allow the creation of any foundation for public or private purposes in keeping with the concept of a gemeinwohlkonforme Allzweckstiftung, a foundation should not have commercial activities as its main purpose, but they are permitted if they serve the main purpose of the foundation. There is no minimum starting capital, although in practice at least is considered necessary, a German foundation can either be charitable or serve a private interest. If they engage in activities, only the commercially active part of the entity is taxed. A family foundation serving private interests is taxed like any other legal entity, there is no central register for German foundations. Only charitable foundations are subject to supervision by state authorities, family foundations are not supervised after establishment
3. Forze – Forze is a Delft University of Technologys student team specialised in hydrogen electric racing. It was founded in 2007 by Edgar van Os and has built 7 hydrogen fuel cell racing vehicles, the teams offices and workshops are located in the D, DREAM hall on the campus of the Delft University of Technology. In this monumental post-war factory hall, designed by architect Dirk Roosenburg, all TU Delfts teams, in a conventional road car, the energy that is stored in fuel is converted to mechanical energy, using the principle of combustion. The cars that are built by Forze utilize a different concept, the hydrogen fuel cell system inside the vehicles converts the energy stored in hydrogen to electric energy. This means that the cell system can be used to power an electric drive train with hydrogen as a so-called alternative fuel. The efficiency of the conversion can be about two to three times higher than a conventional combustion engine. The most obvious differences of hydrogen-electric vehicles compared to their relatives is the time required to recharge or refill. Hydrogen tanks can be refilled within minutes whereas batteries currently several hours to recharge and this makes hydrogen-electric propulsion ideal for applications where non-stop operation and/or a long driving range is required. The mission of Forze is to fuel cell technology by educating their own team members. By designing and building their own high performance race cars. Currently, Forze is still the only student team worldwide that uses high power automotive fuel cells, the team started competing in the 2008 Formula Zero Championship, the world’s first ever hydrogen fuel cell championship. Given the importance of the upcoming Hydrogen economy and considering climate change and oil related problems, the first season was limited to one event in the inner city of Rotterdam next to the Erasmus Bridge. The second season consisted of a European Cup and a separate Grand Prix in the city center of Torino, the third season again only had one race, held the center of The Hague. The Formula Zero competition did not prove to grow into what it promised to be during the first years, the team continued to innovate and moved on to the Formula Student competition. The Forze IV and V vehicles were built for this competition. To this day. After competing in the Formula Student race twice, Forze made a big step towards the racing world. The next car, the Forze VI, became worlds first full-size race car powered by hydrogen, due to the lack of a FIA license for the Forze VI, registering for official races was difficult, and the car did not compete in any FIA backed competitions. To avoid this problem in the latest iteration of the Forze lineup, the Forze VII, with it, the team hopes to build the first hydrogen race car ever to compete against fossil fueled combustion vehicles
4. Zeitgeistbeweging – The Zeitgeist Movement is a non-profit organization established in the United States in 2008 by Peter Joseph. The organization advocates a transformation of society and its system to a non monetary system based on resource allocation. In 2007 Peter Joseph produced and self-financed a live art piece which ran for six nights in lower Manhattan that he entitled Zeitgeist. The Zeitgeist Movement was formed in 2008 by Joseph shortly after the late 2008 release of Zeitgeist, Addendum, the ideas were based on the Venus Project, a societal model created by social engineer Jacque Fresco. In its first year, the movement described itself as the activist arm of the Venus Project, as a result, Fresco withdrew participation in the Zeitgeist Movement. The group is critical of capitalism, describing it as structurally corrupt. According to The Daily Telegraph, the group dismisses historic religious concepts as misleading, the first Zeitgeist documentary which predates the organization Zeitgeist movement, borrowed from the works of Eustace Mullins, Lyndon LaRouche, and Austin radio host Alex Jones. Much of its footage was taken directly from Alex Jones documentaries, VC Reporters Shane Cohn summarized the movements charter as, Our greatest social problems are the direct results of our economic system. Near the end of Zeitgeist, Addendum, a call to action in the form of joining The Zeitgeist Movement was put forward, in 2009, months after the release of Addendum the first formal Zeitgeist Day occurred in New York City. The book describes the name of the group in this way, the term movement simply implies motion or change. Therefore, The Zeitgeist Movement is an organization that urges change in the dominant intellectual, moral and cultural climate of the time, the group holds two annual events, Z-Day, an educational forum held in March, and an artivist event called Zeitgeist Media Festival. The second Z-Day took place in Manhattan in 2009 and included lectures by Peter Joseph, the organisers said that local chapters also held sister events on the same day. The Zeitgeist Media Festival was first held in 2011 and its third annual event took place on August 4,2013 at the Avalon Hollywood nightclub in Los Angeles, California. The New York Times reported in 2009 that the second annual event sold out the Manhattan Community College in New York with 900 people who paid $10 apiece to attend. The events organizers said that 450 connected events in 70 countries around the globe took place. An article in the Journal of Contemporary Religion describes the movement as an example of a conspirituality, michelle Goldberg of Tablet Magazine called the movement the worlds first Internet-based apocalyptic cult, with members who parrot the party line with cheerful, rote fidelity. Post-scarcity economy Technological utopianism Money Free Party Structural fix