Lelystad is a municipality and a city in the centre of the Netherlands, and it is the capital of the province of Flevoland. The city, built on reclaimed land, was founded in 1967 and was named after Cornelis Lely, Lelystad is approximately 3 metres below sea level. Lelystad is built on the seabed of the former Zuiderzee, about 6500 years ago this wetland was above high tide level and inhabited, the Netherlands have steadily subsided since. Near Lelystad at Swifterbant, the oldest human skeletons in Western Europe were discovered, due to rising water levels and storms, the peatlands were washed away, and the Lacus Flevo grew to be the Almere and became the Zuiderzee. The Zuiderzee was the transport route from Amsterdam to the North Sea. Due to the shipwrecks in Flevoland, Lelystad now houses the National Centre for Maritime History, with a museum. After the Second World War the Zuiderzee Works continued, constructing the polder of Eastern Flevoland, in 1950 work commenced on several construction islands in the middle of the IJsselmeer. Lelystad-Haven was the largest island, and its wooden barracks housed a community of dyke-builders, in 1955 they reached the mainland, which made it possible to drive to Lelystad by car. One of the three pumping stations, which drained the polder in June 1957, was the diesel-powered Wortman in Lelystad-Haven, until 1967 the only inhabitants of Lelystad were technical engineers and laborers and superintendents, living on the former construction island. Lelystad is the largest municipality in the Netherlands in area, but a part of that area is water, Markermeer and IJsselmeer. Another major area is the famous nature park of Oostvaardersplassen. Lelystad is also surrounded by a square of woodlands and parks, the importance of the landscape and sky is emphasized by several pieces of land art, engineers work and works such as the Observatorium by Robert Morris. Lelystad has several tourist attractions, including, The replica of the 17th-century ship Batavia at the Batavia Shipyard, on the Midland Circuit many motor, kart and stock car racing events and several autoclub meetings are held. On the coast there are several marinas, Lelystad can be reached by air, water, and land. Air, Lelystad Airport is a satellite of the national airport Schiphol. Although no regular flights between Schiphol and Lelystad Airport exist, in 2018 all holiday flights will leave/arrive from/on Lelystad Airport. Water, Lelystad has its own port, several marinas. Rail, the Weesp–Lelystad railway connects the city with Almere and Amsterdam, the Lelystad–Zwolle railway connects Lelystad with Dronten, Kampen and Zwolle
Lelystad city centre
Sunset over the IJsselmeer, bordering Lelystad.
Dutch Topographic map of Lelystad (city), March 2014.