The Russian Geographical Society is a learned society based in Saint Petersburg, Russia. It promotes exploration and geography with research programs in fields including oceanography and ethnography, the society was founded on 6 August 1845 in Saint Petersburg, Russia. Prior to the Russian Revolution of 1917, it was known as the Imperial Russian Geographical Society, the filial societies were established at the Caucasus, Irkutsk, Vilnius, Orenburg, Kiev, Omsk, and other cities. The Society organized and funded the expeditions of Richard Maack, Pyotr Kropotkin, Semyonov-Tyan-Shansky, Nikolai Przhevalsky, Nikolai Miklukho-Maklai, Pyotr Kozlov, Vladimir Obruchev, and Lev Berg. It helped set up the first polar stations in Russia and was one of the first to publish detailed studies of the Russian folklore, by 1917 the RGO was composed of eleven subdivisions and 1,000 members. The Constantine Medal was a gold medal worth 200 silver roubles and was the highest award of the Imperial Russian Geographical Society, from 1924 to 1929 the Medal was referred to as “The highest award of the Russian Geographical Society”. Volume III”1907 Fridtjof Nansen, for his feats, which constitute a whole era in the Arctic Ocean exploration 1914 Boris Vilkitsky. The Society changed its name to the State Geographical Society in 1926, after Shokalsky its presidents were geneticist Nikolai Vavilov, zoologist Lev Berg, parasitologist Evgeny Pavlovsky, glaciologist Stanislav Kalesnik, polar explorer Aleksei Treshnikov. The Society has convened numerous congresses and has awarded four types of medals, Big Gold Medal, by 1970, it had published more than 2,000 volumes of geographical literature, including the annual Zapiski and Izvestiya. The society reverted to its name upon the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991. The main offices of the Society are in St. Petersburg, in September 2010, Albert II, Prince of Monaco was made an honorary member of the Society. Since 2002 the society has sponsored an annual seasonal ice base in the Arctic, the Imperial Society comprised four departments, Nikolai Nadezhdin was involved in the foundation of this department, when the RGO was originally set up. In 1909 Dmitry Nikolayevich Anuchin, Vladimir Bogdanov and Vsevolod Miller convened the ethnographic sub-section of the Twelfth Congress of Russian Natural Scientists, here they pushed for more professionalism to distinguish ethnographers from missionaries and amateurs. In 1917 David Zolotarev and Nikolai Mogilyansky of the RGO participated in the Commission for the Study of the Tribal Composition of the Population of the Borderlands of Russia, История полувековой деятельности Императорского Русского географического общества. Всесоюзное Географическое общество за100 лет, empire of Nations, Ethnographic Knowledge and the Making of the Soviet Union. ISBN 0-8014-4273-7 List of Russian explorers Official website The contribution of the Russian Geographical Society into the history of the ocean studies
Headquarters of the Russian Geographical Society
Library of the Russian Geographical Society in 1916.