The Great Migration, sometimes known as the Great Northward Migration, or the Black Migration, was the movement of six million African Americans out of the rural Southern United States to the urban Northeast, Midwest, and West that occurred between 1916 and 1970. In every U.S. Census prior to 1910 …
African-American youths play basketball in Chicago's Stateway Gardens high-rise housing project in 1973.
White tenants seeking to prevent blacks from moving into the Sojourner Truth housing project in Detroit erected this sign, 1942
Graph showing the percentage of the African-American population living in the American South, 1790–2010.