A kerosene lamp is a type of lighting device that uses kerosene as a fuel. Invented by the Polish pharmacist Ignacy Łukasiewicz in 1853, kerosene lamps have a wick or mantle as light source, protected by a glass chimney or globe; lamps may be used …
Swiss flat-wick kerosene lamp. The knob protruding to the right adjusts the wick, and hence the flame size.
NZR lamp on the Weka Pass Railway
"Central-draught" tubular-wick kerosene lamp
An 85 mm Chance Brothers Incandescent Petroleum Vapour Installation, which produced the light for the Sumburgh Head lighthouse until 1976. The lamp (made around 1914) burned vaporized kerosene (paraffin); the vaporizer was heated by a denatured alcohol (methylated spirit) burner to light. When lit, some of the vaporised fuel was diverted to a Bunsen burner to keep the vaporizer warm and the fuel in vapor form. The fuel was forced up to the lamp by air; the keepers had to pump the air container up every hour or so. This in turn pressurized the paraffin container to force the fuel to the lamp. The "white sock" is in fact an unburnt mantle, on which the vapor burned.