A Saxon–Prussian alliance fought the War of the Bavarian Succession against the Austrian Habsburg Monarchy to prevent the Habsburgs from acquiring the Electorate of Bavaria. Although the war consisted of only a few minor skirmishes, thousands of soldiers died from …
Charles IV Theodore (above), the legal heir, wanted unencumbered territory that he could bequeath to his illegitimate children.
Archduke Joseph (portrait by Georg Decker): he sought to strengthen his family's influence in the German-speaking lands
Charles II August, Duke of Zweibrücken (above), held great expectations, but needed the championship of either Prussia or France to secure the inheritance.
Maria Theresa, in 1773. Behind her stands the Statue of Peace, holding a wreath symbolically over the Empress' head.