The War of the Spanish Succession was a European conflict of the early 18th century, triggered by the death of the childless Charles II of Spain in November 1700. His closest heirs were members of the Austrian Habsburg and French Bourbon families; acquisition of an undivided Spanish …
Charles II, 1665–1700; last Habsburg King of Spain; his Habsburg chin is clearly visible
Louis XIV 1638–1715 (seated); his son Louis, Grand Dauphin 1661–1711 (left), grandson Louis of Burgundy 1682–1712 (right) and great-grandson Louis XV 1710–1774
Archduke Charles (1685–1740), later Emperor Charles VI
Antwerp and the frozen Scheldt estuary; French moves against this vital area threatened both England and the Dutch Republic.