Basket of deplorables

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"Basket of deplorables" is a phrase from a 2016 presidential election campaign speech delivered by Democratic nominee Hillary Clinton on September 9, 2016, at a campaign fundraising event, which Clinton used to describe a faction of supporters of her general election opponent, Republican nominee Donald Trump. Clinton later said that she "regrets saying half [of Trump's supporters]", and the Trump campaign repeatedly used the phrase against her during and after the 2016 presidential election. Many Trump supporters adopted the "Deplorable" moniker for themselves. After Clinton's loss, some journalists and political analysts questioned whether or not the speech played a role in the election's outcome; Clinton herself wrote in her book What Happened that it was one of the factors for her loss.

Background[edit]

Throughout her presidential campaign, Hillary Clinton expressed her concerns regarding Donald Trump and his supporters. The New York Times and CNN cited Clinton's earlier articulation of similar ideas to the phrase in her August 25, 2016 campaign speech at a rally in Reno, Nevada.[1][2] In that speech, Clinton had criticized Trump's campaign for using "racist lies" and allowing the alt-right to gain prominence, claiming that Trump was "taking hate groups mainstream and helping a radical fringe take over the Republican Party".[2][3] Clinton also criticized Trump for choosing Steve Bannon as his chief executive officer, especially given Bannon's role as the executive chair of the conservative news website, Breitbart News.[4] Clinton read various headlines from the site including: "Would You Rather Your Child Had Feminism or Cancer?", and "Hoist It High And Proud: The Confederate Flag Proclaims A Glorious Heritage."[5] On that same day, Clinton posted a video on Twitter depicting white supremacists supporting Donald Trump. Within the video is a CNN interview wherein Trump initially declined to disavow white nationalist David Duke.[4]

During campaign fundraisers in August 2016, Clinton reportedly explained her divide and conquer approach to courting Republican voters by putting Trump supporters into two "baskets": everyday Republicans whom she would target, and the alt-right crowd.[6] During a September 8, 2016 interview on Israel's Channel 2, Clinton said: "You can take Trump supporters and put them in two big baskets. There are what I would call the deplorables—you know, the racists and the haters, and the people who are drawn because they think somehow he's going to restore an America that no longer exists."[7]

Speech[edit]

At an LGBT campaign fundraising event in New York City on September 9, Clinton gave a speech and said the following:[8]

I know there are only 60 days left to make our case — and don't get complacent; don't see the latest outrageous, offensive, inappropriate comment and think, “Well, he’s done this time.” We are living in a volatile political environment.

You know, to just be grossly generalistic, you could put half of Trump's supporters into what I call the basket of deplorables. (Laughter/applause) Right? (Laughter/applause) They’re racist, sexist, homophobic, xenophobic — Islamophobic — you name it. And unfortunately, there are people like that. And he has lifted them up. He has given voice to their websites that used to only have 11,000 people — now have 11 million. He tweets and retweets their offensive hateful mean-spirited rhetoric. Now, some of those folks — they are irredeemable, but thankfully, they are not America.

But the "other" basket — the other basket — and I know because I look at this crowd I see friends from all over America here: I see friends from Florida and Georgia and South Carolina and Texas and — as well as, you know, New York and California — but that "other" basket of people are people who feel the government has let them down, the economy has let them down, nobody cares about them, nobody worries about what happens to their lives and their futures; and they’re just desperate for change. It doesn’t really even matter where it comes from. They don’t buy everything he says, but — he seems to hold out some hope that their lives will be different. They won’t wake up and see their jobs disappear, lose a kid to heroin, feel like they’re in a dead-end. Those are people we have to understand and empathize with as well.
— Hillary Clinton, [9]

Responses[edit]

Hillary Clinton[edit]

The following day Clinton expressed regret for saying "half," while insisting that Trump had deplorably amplified "hateful views and voices."[10] At the second presidential debate in October 2016, after Trump mentioned the speech in a response to James Carter, debate moderator Anderson Cooper asked Clinton "how can you unite a country if you've written off tens of millions of Americans?"[11] Clinton responded to Cooper's question by saying, "my argument is not with his supporters, it's with him and the hateful, divisive campaign he has run."[12]

On October 20, 2016, during the 71st Alfred E. Smith Memorial Foundation Dinner, Clinton joked about the phrase, telling the guests "I just want to put you all in a basket of adorables".[13]

Clinton's campaign[edit]

Clinton's campaign pointed to a series of polls that showed that Trump's supporters held negative views toward Hispanics, African Americans, and Muslims.[14] Clinton's campaign used the incident to try to force Trump's campaign members to denounce its extreme supporters. For example, after Mike Pence refused to call David Duke "deplorable," Tim Kaine accused Pence of enabling racism and xenophobia.[15]

Donald Trump[edit]

Donald Trump criticized Clinton's remark as insulting his supporters.[3][16] In a rally at Des Moines, Iowa, Trump stated "While my opponent slanders you as deplorable and irredeemable, I call you hardworking American patriots who love your country".[14][17] During the rest of the election, Trump invited "deplorable Americans" on stage.[18] For example, at a rally in Miami, Florida on September 16, 2016 Trump parodied Les Misérables with the title Les Déplorables under the song "Do You Hear the People Sing?".[19][20] Trump also used the label against Clinton in an advertisement, which claimed that Clinton herself is deplorable because she "viciously demoniz[es] hard working people like you".[21] On November 8, 2017, one year after the election, Trump thanked his "Deplorables" for his victory.[22]

Trump's campaign[edit]

Mike Pence responds to Clinton's comments.

Others in Trump's campaign responded negatively to the statement. Trump's running mate Mike Pence stated in a Capitol Hill meeting, "For Hillary Clinton to express such disdain for millions of Americans is one more reason that disqualifies her to serve in the highest office."[23] Kellyanne Conway, Trump's campaign manager, had issued a statement on Twitter, claiming "One day after promising to be aspirational & uplifting, Hillary insults millions of Americans."[24][25]

Meanwhile, Roger Stone and Donald Trump Jr. posted a parody movie poster of The Expendables on Twitter and Instagram titled "The Deplorables", which included Pepe the Frog's face among those of members of the Trump family and other figures popular among the alt-right.[26]

In the final months of the election, the Trump campaign released official merchandise with the word "Deplorable".[27][28]

Trump's supporters[edit]

Trump supporters in Prescott, Arizona wearing shirts with the phrase "I am a Deplorable".

During and after the election, the "Deplorables" nickname was reappropriated by many Trump supporters.[29][30] Weeks before Trump's inauguration, various celebrations were held using word "deplorable". One notable celebration was DeploraBall, which was celebrated by Trump supporters and several members of the alt-right at the National Press Building from January 19 to January 20, 2017.[31][32][33]

Analysis[edit]

The day after Hillary Clinton's speech, some political analysts compared the statement to Mitt Romney's 47% gaffe in 2012.[3][16][34][35]

After the election, Diane Hessan, who had been hired by the Clinton campaign to track undecided voters, wrote in The Boston Globe that "all hell broke loose" after the "basket of deplorables" comment, which prompted what she saw as the largest shift of undecided voters towards Trump.[36]

In an interview with CNN on December 4, 2016, Hillary Clinton's campaign manager Robby Mook said that the statement "definitely could have alienated" her voters.[37] Meanwhile, Courtney Weaver of Financial Times believed that Clinton's comment had no effect on the election, stating "To argue that one word cost Mrs Clinton the election is foolish." However, Weaver acknowledged that the statement "did not hurt her opponent".[28] James Taranto of The Wall Street Journal wrote that Clinton only stated that she regretted saying half without indicating if she underestimated or overestimated.[38]

Spectator columnist Charles Moore compared the impact of the statement to that of British left-winger Nye Bevan's comments disparaging British Conservative Party members as "lower than vermin" in 1948.[39] Moore noted that these remarks sparked a similar outrage and led to the formation of the "Vermin Club".

Some Trump opponents turned the phrase against the Trump administration, for example Time writer Darlena Cunha opined that several members nominated for Trump's cabinet were a "basket of deplorables" spreading racism, Islamophobia, and antisemitism.[40]

In her book What Happened, Clinton said that her comments on the "basket of deporables" were a factor in her electoral loss.[41]

Politico's Rich Lowry describes conservatives' interpretation of Clinton's use of the term as "an unfair, disparaging term for people who believe reasonable but politically incorrect things (immigration should be restricted, NFL players should stand during the national anthem, all lives matter, etc.)."[42]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chozick, Amy (September 10, 2016). "Hillary Clinton Calls Many Trump Backers 'Deplorables,' and G.O.P. Pounces". The New York Times. Retrieved February 10, 2017. Her remarks on Friday were a more pointed version of her earlier criticisms of the movement her opponent has spurred. 
  2. ^ a b Merica, Dan; Tatum, Sophie (September 9, 2016). "Clinton expresses regret for saying 'half' of Trump supporters are 'deplorables'". CNN. Retrieved February 10, 2017. Although Clinton has accused Trump of racism before, she has never explicitly called him a racist. Last month, she delivered a major speech in which she accused Trump of aligning himself with far-right extremists and saying he 'built his campaign on prejudice and paranoia.' 
  3. ^ a b c Chozick, Amy (September 10, 2016). "Hillary Clinton Calls Many Trump Backers 'Deplorables,' and GOP Pounces". New York Times. Prof. Jennifer Mercieca, an expert in American political discourse at Texas A&M University, said in an email that the "deplorable" comment "sounds bad on the face of it" and compared it to Romney's 47 percent gaffe. "The comment demonstrates that she (like Romney) lacks empathy for that group," Professor Mercieca said. 
  4. ^ a b Flegenheimer, Matt (August 25, 2016). "Hillary Clinton Says 'Radical Fringe' Is Taking Over G.O.P. Under Donald Trump". The New York Times. 
  5. ^ Fix, Team; Ohlheiser, Abby; Dewey, Caitlin (August 25, 2016). "Hillary Clinton's alt-right speech, annotated". Washington Post. Retrieved January 23, 2017. 
  6. ^ Debenedetti, Gabriel (September 4, 2016). "Trump cuts into Clinton's lead as crucial stretch begins". Politico. Retrieved January 23, 2017. 
  7. ^ Kelsey, Adam (September 13, 2016). "Behind Hillary Clinton's 'Basket of Deplorables' Line". ABC News. Retrieved January 23, 2017. 
  8. ^ Reilly, Katie (January 22, 2017). "Read Hillary Clinton's 'Basket of Deplorables' Remarks on Trump Supporters". TIME.com. Retrieved January 23, 2017. 
  9. ^ "Hillary Clinton says half of Trump's supporters are in a "basket of deplorables"". CBS News. September 10, 2016. Retrieved December 4, 2017. 
  10. ^ Reilly, Katie (September 10, 2016). "Hillary Clinton Says She Regrets Part of Her 'Deplorables' Comment". Time. 
  11. ^ Blake, Aaron (October 9, 2016). "Everything that was said at the second Donald Trump vs. Hillary Clinton debate, highlighted". Washington Post. Retrieved January 23, 2017. 
  12. ^ Strauss, Daniel (October 9, 2016). "Clinton regrets 'deplorables' comment, bashes Trump for 'hateful, divisive campaign'". Politico. Retrieved January 23, 2017. 
  13. ^ Hains, Tim (October 20, 2016). "Hillary Clinton Mocks Trump At Alfred Smith Dinner: He Sees Statue Of Liberty As a "4"". www.realclearpolitics.com. Retrieved February 1, 2017. 
  14. ^ a b Jackson, David (September 15, 2016). "Trump seeks to profit from Clinton's 'deplorables' remark". USA TODAY. Retrieved February 1, 2017. 
  15. ^ Collinson, Stephen (September 13, 2016). "Why 'deplorables' spat is here to stay". CNN. Retrieved February 1, 2017. 
  16. ^ a b Epstein, Jennifer (September 10, 2016). "Clinton Calls Some Trump Supporters 'Basket of Deplorables". Bloomberg News. Republican pollster Frank Luntz described Clinton's comments as her "47 percent moment," a reference to Republican Mitt Romney's remarks at a private fundraiser in the 2012 campaign. 
  17. ^ "Obama Scoffs at Donald Trump's Appeal to Working-Class Voters". Fortune. September 14, 2016. Retrieved February 1, 2017. 
  18. ^ Hagen, Lisa (September 10, 2016). "Supporters join Trump on stage: We are not deplorable". The Hill. 
  19. ^ Darcy, Oliver (September 16, 2016). "Trump walks onstage to theme of 'Les Miserables,' greets 'deplorables' at his Miami rally". Business Insider. Retrieved September 16, 2016. 
  20. ^ Robinson, Will (September 16, 2016). "Donald Trump Enters Stage to 'Les Mis' Theme, Welcomes 'Deplorables'". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved September 16, 2016. 
  21. ^ Trudo, Hanna; Shepard, Steven (September 12, 2016). "Trump releases new ad hitting Clinton for 'deplorables' remark". Politico. 
  22. ^ Estepa, Jessica (November 8, 2017). "President Trump thanks 'deplorables' for helping him win the 2016 election". USA TODAY. Retrieved November 8, 2017. 
  23. ^ Hains, Tim (September 13, 2016). "Pence: For Clinton To "Express Disdain" For Everyday Americans "Disqualifies Her"". Real Clear Politics. Retrieved February 1, 2017. 
  24. ^ "The Latest: Trump campaign objects to 'deplorable' language". Associated Press. September 10, 2016. Retrieved January 23, 2017. 
  25. ^ Corn, David (September 15, 2016). "The time Trump's campaign manager called Americans "a bunch of pigs"". Mother Jones. Retrieved January 23, 2017. 
  26. ^ Dickson, Caitlin (September 12, 2016). "Trump's son, adviser share image featuring The new rights favorite cartoon frog". Yahoo News. Retrieved September 15, 2016. 
  27. ^ Daileda, Colin (September 20, 2016). "Trump selling 'deplorable' t-shirts on campaign website". Mashable. Retrieved January 23, 2017. 
  28. ^ a b Weaver, Courtney (December 27, 2016). "Year in a Word: Deplorables". www.ft.com. Retrieved January 23, 2017. 
  29. ^ Cummings, William (September 12, 2016). "'Deplorable' and proud: Some Trump supporters embrace the label". USA Today. 
  30. ^ Beckett, Lois (January 20, 2017). "A morning with 'adorable deplorables': why Trump supporters are optimistic". The Guardian. Retrieved January 23, 2017. 
  31. ^ Andrews, Natalie (January 19, 2017). "Before the Inauguration Day Galas, a 'Deploraball'". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved January 19, 2017. 
  32. ^ Pager, Tyler (January 19, 2017). "'DeploraBall' highlights worries over 'alt-right' participation in Trump presidency - The Boston Globe". BostonGlobe.com. Retrieved January 19, 2017. 
  33. ^ Booker, Brakkton (January 1, 2017). "Alt-Right Infighting Simmers Around Inaugural 'DeploraBall'". NPR.org. Retrieved January 17, 2017. 
  34. ^ Montanaro, Domenico (September 10, 2016). "Hillary Clinton's 'Basket Of Deplorables,' In Full Context Of This Ugly Campaign". NPR. The remarks also remind of inflammatory remarks in recent presidential elections on both sides — from Barack Obama's assertion in 2008 that people in small towns are "bitter" and "cling to guns or religion," to Mitt Romney's 2012 statement that 47 percent of Americans vote for Democrats because they are "dependent upon government" and believe they are "victims," to his vice presidential pick Paul Ryan's comment that the country is divided between "makers and takers." 
  35. ^ Blake, Aaron (September 26, 2016). "Voters strongly reject Hillary Clinton's 'basket of deplorables' approach". The Washington Post. On the other hand, it's not clear whether this comment, even if people don't like it, will have anywhere near the effect that Romney's "47 percent" comment was supposed to have. That's especially because Clinton has backed away from saying it applied to half of Trump supporters and, as I noted two weeks ago, the fact that Romney's comment might have alienated people who actually might have voted for him. Clinton's comment was about people already backing her opponent — a key difference. 
  36. ^ Hessan, Diane (November 21, 2016). "Understanding the undecided voters". The Boston Globe. Retrieved May 12, 2017. 
  37. ^ Scott, Eugene (December 4, 2016). "Mook: Clinton's 'deplorable' comment could have alienated voters". CNN. Retrieved January 23, 2017. 
  38. ^ Taranto, James (December 9, 2016). "Doubling Down on 'Deplorable'". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved January 23, 2017. 
  39. ^ Moore, Charles (November 17, 2016). "Will Trump produce merchandise for his 'basket of deplorables'?". The Spectator. Retrieved March 13, 2017. 
  40. ^ Cunha, Darlena (November 22, 2016). "Donald Trump's Administration Is a Basket of Deplorables". TIME.com. Retrieved January 23, 2017. 
  41. ^ Zurcher, Anthony. "What Happened: The long list of who Hillary Clinton blames". BBC News. 
  42. ^ Lowry, Rich (6 December 2017). "The Garbage Case for Roy Moore". Politico. Retrieved 7 December 2017.