Buffalo Island

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Buffalo Island is a local name given to western Mississippi County and eastern Craighead County, Arkansas. It consists of the land south of Big Lake between the Little River (not to be confused with a stream of the same name in southwestern Arkansas) and the St. Francis River, containing the communities of Manila (Mississippi County), Monette (Craighead County), Leachville (Mississippi County), Black Oak (Craighead County), and Caraway (Craighead County)."[1]

Towns & Cities in Buffalo Island[edit]

  • Black Oak
  • Caraway
  • Leachville (Mississippi Co.)
  • Manila (Mississippi Co.)
  • Monette.

Buffalo Island's Unincorporated Communities[edit]

In addition to the incorporated towns and cities in Buffalo Island; there are many unincorporated areas that are often overlooked by persons who do not know the area. I have listed many of these unincorporated Buffalo Island communities.

Within Craighead County, AR 
  • Cane Island
  • Carmi
  • Cottonwood Corner
  • Childress
  • Degelow
  • Delfore
  • Garson
  • Hancock Junction
  • Lennie
  • Macey
  • Mangrum
  • Poplar Ridge
  • Red Onion
  • Rokey
  • Springfield
  • Walters
  • Whisp
Within Mississippi County, AR 
  • Buckeye
  • Clearwater
  • Mandalay
  • Milligan Ridge
  • Pawheen
  • Vail
  • Walters

Incidentally, the telephone book for this area of Arkansas, (from Century Tel), covers these areas: Black Oak, Caraway, Lake City, Leachville, Manila, Monette and Trumann, Arkansas.

The cities of Leachville & Monette are home to the Buffalo Island Central School District. Which is often referred to as "Buffalo Island Central" or "BIC".

The mascot for BIC is the Mustang (horse)

Buffalo Island Central School District [1] Hwy 18 East, Monette, AR 72447 (Craighead Co.)

Buffalo Island Central Junior High Leachville, AR 72438 (Mississippi Co.)

"Buffalo Island Museum" is located within the City of Monette.

Buffalo Island Museum 608 Virginia Ave Monette, AR 72447


  1. ^ Lendennie, Pat. "Buffalo Island". Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture. Retrieved 5 Feb 2013.