Marion Mitchell Morrison, known professionally as John Wayne and nicknamed Duke, was an American actor and filmmaker. An Academy Award-winner for True Grit, Wayne was among the top box office draws for three decades, born in Winterset, Iowa, Wayne grew up in Southern California. He found work at film studios when he lost his football scholarship to the University of Southern California as a result of a bodysurfing accident. Initially working for the Fox Film Corporation, he appeared mostly in bit parts. His first leading role came in Raoul Walshs The Big Trail, Waynes career took off in 1939, with John Fords Stagecoach making him an instant star. He went on to star in 142 pictures, biographer Ronald Davis said, John Wayne personified for millions the nations frontier heritage. Eighty-three of his movies were Westerns, and in them he played cowboys, cavalrymen and he is also remembered for his roles in The Quiet Man, Rio Bravo, and The Longest Day. In his final performance, he starred as an aging gunfighter battling cancer in The Shootist. He appeared with many important Hollywood stars of his era, Wayne was born Marion Robert Morrison on May 26,1907 at 224 South Second Street in Winterset, Iowa. The local paper, Winterset Madisonian, reported on page 4 of the edition of May 30,1907 that Wayne weighed 13 pounds at birth and his middle name was soon changed from Robert to Mitchell when his parents decided to name their next son Robert. Waynes father, Clyde Leonard Morrison, was the son of American Civil War veteran Marion Mitchell Morrison, Waynes mother, the former Mary Molly Alberta Brown, was from Lancaster County, Nebraska. Waynes ancestry included English, Irish, Scots-Irish, and Scottish, Waynes family moved to Palmdale, California, and then in 1916 to Glendale, California, where his father worked as a pharmacist. A local fireman at the station on his route to school in Glendale started calling him Little Duke because he never went anywhere without his huge Airedale Terrier and he preferred Duke to Marion, and the nickname stuck. Wayne attended Wilson Middle School in Glendale, as a teen, he worked in an ice cream shop for a man who shod horses for Hollywood studios. He was also active as a member of the Order of DeMolay and he played football for the 1924 league champion Glendale High School team. Wayne applied to the U. S. Naval Academy, and he instead attended the University of Southern California, majoring in pre-law. He was a member of the Trojan Knights and Sigma Chi fraternities, Wayne also played on the USC football team under coach Howard Jones. A broken collarbone injury curtailed his career, Wayne later noted that he was too terrified of Jones reaction to reveal the actual cause of his injury
George Randolph Scott was an American film actor whose career spanned from 1928 to 1962. However, his most enduring image is that of the tall-in-the-saddle Western hero, out of his more than 100 film appearances over 60 were in Westerns, thus, of all the major stars whose name was associated with the Western, Scott most closely identified with it. He also worked on occasions with prominent directors, Henry Hathaway, Ray Enright, Edwin L. Marin, André de Toth. Scott also worked with an array of cinematic leading ladies, from Shirley Temple and Irene Dunne to Mae West. As he matured, however, Scotts acting improved while his features became burnished and leathery, turning him into the ideal strong, the BFI Companion to the Western noted, In his earlier Westerns. The Scott persona is debonair, easy-going, graceful, though with the hint of steel. As he matures into his fifties his roles change, increasingly Scott becomes the man who has seen it all, who has suffered pain, loss, and hardship, and who has now achieved a stoic calm proof against vicissitude. During the early 1950s, Scott was a consistent box-office draw, in the annual Motion Picture Herald Top Ten Polls, he ranked 10th in 1950, seventh in 1951, and 10th in both 1952 and 1953. Scott also appeared in the Quigleys Top Ten Money Makers Poll from 1950 to 1953, Scott was born in Orange County, Virginia, but reared in Charlotte, North Carolina, the second of six children born to parents of Scottish-American descent. His father was George Grant Scott, born in Franklin, Virginia and his mother was Lucille Crane Scott, born in Luray, Virginia, a member of a wealthy North Carolina family. The Scott children in order of birth were, Margaret, Randolph, Katherine, Virginia, Joseph and Barbara, because of his familys financial status, young Randolph was able to attend private schools such as Woodberry Forest School. From an early age, Scott developed and displayed an athletic trait, excelling in football, baseball, horse racing, in April 1917, the United States entered World War I and shortly afterwards, Scott, then 19 years old, joined the United States Army. He served in France as an observer with the 2nd Trench Mortar Battalion. His wartime experience gave him training that was put to use in his film career, including horsemanship. After the Armistice brought World War I to an end, Scott stayed in France, although he eventually received a commission, Scott decided to return to America and thus journeyed home around 1919. With his military career over, Scott continued his education at Georgia Tech where he was a member of the Kappa Alpha fraternity, however a back injury prevented him from achieving this goal. Scott then transferred to the University of North Carolina, where he majored in engineering and manufacturing. As with his career, however, he eventually dropped out of college
National Diet Library
The National Diet Library is the only national library in Japan. It was established in 1948 for the purpose of assisting members of the National Diet of Japan in researching matters of public policy, the library is similar in purpose and scope to the United States Library of Congress. The National Diet Library consists of two facilities in Tokyo and Kyoto, and several other branch libraries throughout Japan. The Diets power in prewar Japan was limited, and its need for information was correspondingly small, the original Diet libraries never developed either the collections or the services which might have made them vital adjuncts of genuinely responsible legislative activity. Until Japans defeat, moreover, the executive had controlled all political documents, depriving the people and the Diet of access to vital information. The U. S. occupation forces under General Douglas MacArthur deemed reform of the Diet library system to be an important part of the democratization of Japan after its defeat in World War II. In 1946, each house of the Diet formed its own National Diet Library Standing Committee, hani Gorō, a Marxist historian who had been imprisoned during the war for thought crimes and had been elected to the House of Councillors after the war, spearheaded the reform efforts. Hani envisioned the new body as both a citadel of popular sovereignty, and the means of realizing a peaceful revolution, the National Diet Library opened in June 1948 in the present-day State Guest-House with an initial collection of 100,000 volumes. The first Librarian of the Diet Library was the politician Tokujirō Kanamori, the philosopher Masakazu Nakai served as the first Vice Librarian. In 1949, the NDL merged with the National Library and became the national library in Japan. At this time the collection gained a million volumes previously housed in the former National Library in Ueno. In 1961, the NDL opened at its present location in Nagatachō, in 1986, the NDLs Annex was completed to accommodate a combined total of 12 million books and periodicals. The Kansai-kan, which opened in October 2002 in the Kansai Science City, has a collection of 6 million items, in May 2002, the NDL opened a new branch, the International Library of Childrens Literature, in the former building of the Imperial Library in Ueno. This branch contains some 400,000 items of literature from around the world. Though the NDLs original mandate was to be a library for the National Diet. In the fiscal year ending March 2004, for example, the library reported more than 250,000 reference inquiries, in contrast, as Japans national library, the NDL collects copies of all publications published in Japan. The NDL has an extensive collection of some 30 million pages of documents relating to the Occupation of Japan after World War II. This collection include the documents prepared by General Headquarters and the Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers, the Far Eastern Commission, the NDL maintains a collection of some 530,000 books and booklets and 2 million microform titles relating to the sciences
Boy, Did I Get a Wrong Number!
Boy, Did I Get a Wrong Number. is a 1966 DeLuxe Color American comedy film starring Bob Hope and Elke Sommer. This film marked the first of three film collaborations for Hope and comedian Phyllis Diller, and was followed by Eight on the Lam in 1967, a gorgeous French actress named Didi has become more famous for commercials involving bubble baths than for acting. It marked Phyllis Dillers film debut as a lead - she signed for five more pictures with Hope, with Bob Hopes film career on the downswing by the 60s, Boy, Did I Get a Wrong Number. was critically panned and compared to a 90-minute TV sitcom. The critic for the New York Times drew parallels with Up in Mabels Room which Edward Small had made twenty years previously, however it performed well at the box office. Boy, Did I Get a Wrong Number. was listed in the 1978 book The Fifty Worst Films of All Time
I'll Take Sweden
Ill Take Sweden is a 1965 comedy film directed by Frederick de Cordova, and starring Bob Hope, Frankie Avalon, and Tuesday Weld. Single father Bob Holcomb, a widower, is unhappy with the boy his daughter JoJo chooses as a husband-to-be. An executive with an oil company, Bob accepts a transfer to the firms Stockholm branch, Sweden turns out to be far more liberal sexually than the United States. Bob, having met an attractive interior designer, Karin, decides to take her away for a weekend at a mountain resort. JoJo, however, has accepted an offer from Erik. Originally seen as a suitor, Erik turns out to be a playboy. A girl thought to be his cousin, Marti, is actually a former girlfriend, kenny turns up and brings Marti along to the resort, where the three couples continue to awkwardly encounter one another. Kenny finally has his fill of Erik, knocking him out with his guitar, on a voyage home, the ships captain performs a double wedding ceremony. The parts of the movie that were supposed to be in Sweden were shot at Big Bear Lake and Lake Arrowhead, the casting of Tuesday Weld and Frankie Avalon was seen as Bob Hope getting some box office insurance to attract younger audiences. The movie was advertised as being Hopes 50th but even he disputed that, director Frederick De Cordova saw Luci Baines Johnson, daughter of President Lyndon B. Johnson, dance the Watusi at a White House barbecue and he offered her a role in the film but she declined on the grounds she had to go to school. Billie Dove visited the set and Bob Hope offered her a role too, howard Thompson of The New York Times loathed the film, Other reviews were mixed. Hope was so impressed with Avalons work, he signed Avalon to appear on his television show, list of American films of 1965 Ill Take Sweden at the Internet Movie Database Ill Take Sweden at AllMovie