Democratic Party of Moldova

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Democratic Party of Moldova
Partidul Democrat din Moldova
Демократическая партия Молдовы
Abbreviation PDM
President Vlad Plahotniuc
Secretary-General Constantin Botnari[1]
Parliamentary group leader Marian Lupu
Founder Dumitru Diacov
Founded 8 February 1997 (1997-02-08)
Headquarters Chişinău
Membership (2017) 50,800[2]
Ideology Social democracy[3]
Pro-Europeanism[3]
Political position Centre-left[4]
European affiliation Party of European Socialists (associate)
International affiliation Socialist International[5]
Progressive Alliance
Colours Blue, Red
Parliament
41 / 101
District Presidents
17 / 32
Website
http://www.pdm.md

The Democratic Party of Moldova (Romanian: Partidul Democrat din Moldova, PDM; Russian: Демократическая партия Молдовы) is a social-democratic[3][6] political party in Moldova. Established in 1997 as the Movement for a Democratic and Prosperous Moldova,[4] it is an associate member of the Party of European Socialists (PES)[7] and a full member of the Socialist International,[5] also participating in the Progressive Alliance.[8]

History[edit]

The party was established in February 1997 as the Movement for a Democratic and Prosperous Moldova (MMDP),[4] by former members of the Democratic Agrarian Party of Moldova (PDAM), the Unity Movement for Equality in Rights (MUE) and the Socialist Party of Moldova (PSM). It had grown out of the movement that supported independent candidate Petru Lucinschi in the 1996 presidential elections.[9]

It formed the basis of the For a Democratic and Prosperous Moldova (PMDP) alliance during the 1998 parliamentary election. The PMDP won 24 of the 101 seats and became the third-largest faction in Parliament, and together with the Democratic Convention of Moldova (CDM) and Party of Democratic Forces (PFD), formed the Alliance for Democracy and Reforms coalition government led by Ion Ciubuc.

In April 2000 the party was re-established under its current name, the Democratic Party of Moldova (PDM).[10] The PDM received 5% of the vote in the 2001 parliamentary election, but failed to win a seat. The party then joined the Democratic Moldova Electoral Bloc for the 2005 election; the Bloc received 28.4% of the vote, winning 34 seats, of which eight were taken by the Democratic Party. However, after the elections the three constituent parties Bloc split into separate parliamentary groups.

The Social Liberal Party (PSL) merged into the PDM on 10 February 2008.[10] The April 2009 parliamentary election saw the party receive 3% of the vote and failed to win a seat.[11] However, the PDM increased its share of the vote to 13% in the early elections in July 2009, winning 13 seats. The PDM subsequently joined the ruling Alliance for European Integration coalition government alongside the Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova (PLDM), the Liberal Party (PL) and Our Moldova Alliance (AMN).

Since 2010 the party is closely associated with its chief financial backer, the oligarch Vladimir Plahotniuc.[12] On the evening of 19 November 2010, during the meeting of the Political Bureau of the Democratic Party of Moldova, it has been decided to include Vladimir Plahotniuc on the 2nd spot on their electoral party list.[13]

In the 2010 parliamentary election, the PDM received 12.7% of the vote and 15 seats, continuing to govern as a component part of the Alliance for European Integration (AIE). However, after a major public scandal in February 2013 involving some PDM key members, the AIE was abolished, leading to the creation of the Pro-European Coalition in May 2013, which also included the PDM, as well as the PLDM and Liberal Reformist Party (PLR), a splinter from the PL.

On 30 December 2010, during the Democratic Party National Political Council session, Vladimir Plahotniuc was appointed as the Deputy Chairman of the Democratic Party of Moldova,[14] and in June 2012, he became the First Deputy Chairman of the PDM.[15]

In the parliamentary election on 30 November 2014, PDM received 15.8% of the votes and gained 19 seats in parliament. On 18 February 2015, PDM joined the Political Alliance for a European Moldova, a minority rulling coallition with a cabinet led by Prime Minister Chiril Gaburici of the PLDM.[16] After on 16 June 2015 the Gaburici Cabinet resigned, a new cabinet led by Valeriu Streleț of PLDM was formed on 30 July; PDM was again part of a coallition with PLDM and PL. On 29 October 2015 the Streleț Cabinet was sacked by parliament with 65 out of 101 votes of MPs from the parliamentary factions of PDM, PCRM and PSRM.[17][18] Two weeks earlier, on 15 October 2015, on the day Vlad Filat was detained as part of the ongoing investigation into the banking fraud scandal, PDM First Deputy Chairman Plahotniuc has announced that he auto-suspends himself from the position of First Deputy Chairman of the Democratic Party, and also from the position of a member of this party, as he said: "... to no let place for insinuations that he influences the investigation in the bank fraud case, and to not cause damage to the image of the party".[19][20] After the dismissal of cabinet, no consensus was reached by the three pro-European parliamentary parties - Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova (PLDM), PDM, and Liberal Party (PL). A new political crisis began. After on early 21 December 2015 Vlad Plahotniuc has announced his return in politics and in the Democratic Party, stating that he "will participate directly in the process of forming a new parliamentary majority [...] which also will succeed to gain all the needed votes for the election of the president in the next March" (2016),[21][22] a few hours later, in the morning of 21 December 2015, a group of 14 communist MPs have announced that they leaves the communist faction in parliament and will form a new parliamentary group - The Social Democratic Platform for Moldova (Platforma Social Democrată Pentru Moldova),[23] and later PDM and the group of former communists MPs began discussions regarding the formation of a new parliamentary majority.[24]

On 13 January 2016 Plahotniuc was proposed for the position of Prime Minister of Moldova by the Democratic Party, but his candidacy was rejected by the Moldovan President, Nicolae Timofti. In an official statement, Timofti noted that "Plahotniuc fails to meet the criteria of a candidate for the post of prime minister." He further specified that among the conditions for prime minister, the candidates "integrity should not cause doubt."[25][26] Later, PDM nominated Pavel Filip to form a new cabinet, and the Filip Cabinet was appointed by the vote of 57 of 101 MPs,[27] with serious protests outside.[28][29][30][31][32][33][34][35]

On 24 December 2016, during the 8th Democratic Party Congress, Plahotniuc was elected as the Chairman of the Democratic Party of Moldova.[36] On 6 March 2017, Plahotniuc announced that his party would propose a new electoral system for the Parliament - the uninominal voting system.[37][38][39] After in 2017 several PL key figures part of the government were detained in ongoing corruption investigations, on 26 May, PL chairman Mihai Ghimpu has announced that Liberal Party leaves the government coallition, and, later, on 29 May, all 4 liberal ministers togeter with their deputy ministers from the same party, have announced that they resigns from their posts.[40][41] In the summer of 2017 PDM has conducted a reform of the government, and following the transfers of powers, nine ministries remained out 16 ones,[42] led mainly by formal PDM members. The reform was criticized by the parliamentary opposition.[43]

In the summer of 2017 it became known that PDM has hired two lobby firms, Cornerstone Government Affairs and Podesta Group. With Podesta Group, PDM worked and earlier, and the new contract is of $120,000 for half a year. Previously PDM has had a contract with another lobby firm, Burson-Marsteller.[44]

Election results[edit]

Parliament[edit]

Election year # of total votes  % of overall vote # of seats +/–
1998 294,691[a] 18.16[a]
21 / 101
2001 79,757 5.02
0 / 101
Decrease 21
2005 444,377[b] 28.53[b]
8 / 101
Increase 8
2009 (April) 45,698 2.97
0 / 101
Decrease 8
2009 (July) 198,268 12.54
13 / 101
Increase 13
2010 218,861 12.72
15 / 101
Increase 2
2014 252,489 15.80
19 / 101
Increase 4
  1. ^ a b For a Democratic and Prosperous Moldova list won 24 seats - 2 went to the PCM - 1 to the MSPFN.
  2. ^ a b Democratic Moldova list won 34 seats - 23 went to the AMN - 3 to the PSL.

Notable members[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Biroul permanent
  2. ^ "Partidul Democrat din Moldova (PDM)". Retrieved 30 November 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c Moldova Parties and Elections
  4. ^ a b c Andrei Brezianu; Vlad Spânu (26 May 2010). The A to Z of Moldova. Scarecrow Press. p. 116. ISBN 978-1-4616-7203-6. 
  5. ^ a b "Full Member Parties". Socialist International. Retrieved 11 January 2016. 
  6. ^ Partidul Democrat din Moldova (PDM) eDemocracy
  7. ^ Democratic Party of Moldova welcomed into PES family PES, 14 October 2010
  8. ^ http://progressive-alliance.info/participants/
  9. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1330 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  10. ^ a b Tom Lansford (8 April 2014). Political Handbook of the World 2014. SAGE Publications. p. 949. ISBN 978-1-4833-3327-4. 
  11. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p2051
  12. ^ Moldova’s Gray Cardinal. Transitions Online, 11 July 2013
  13. ^ Unimedia.md, Vladimir Plahotniuc este candidatul la funcția de deputat numărul 2 pe lista Partidului Democrat, 20 nov 2010
  14. ^ Unimedia.md, PD a decis: Vladimir Plahotniuc, vicepreședinte al Partidului Democrat din Moldova, 30 nov 2010
  15. ^ "Lupu – reales, Plahotniuc – avansat". Timpul - Ştiri din Moldova. 
  16. ^ http://www.rferl.org/content/moldova-political-dysfunction-gift-for-moscow/26860292.html
  17. ^ Republica Moldova: Guvernul Streleț a fost DEMIS. Ce urmează
  18. ^ A trecut motiunea de cenzura: Guvernul Strelet a fost DEMIS - VIDEO
  19. ^ Vladimir Plahotniuc se retrage din Partidul Democrat (in Romanian)
  20. ^ Vladimir Plahotniuc și-a depus mandatul de deputat (in Romanian)
  21. ^ Vlad Plahotniuc revine în Partidul Democrat
  22. ^ Vlad Plahotniuc își anunță revenirea în politică pentru a scoate țara din criză
  23. ^ Deputat PCRM: Renunțăm la Partidul Comuniștilor și creăm propria platformă parlamentară
  24. ^ Vlad Plahotniuc: În Parlament va fi creată o Platformă Social-Democrată în scurt timp
  25. ^ "Moldovan president rejects candidacy of Vladimir Plahotniuc for prime minister". TASS Russian News Agency. Retrieved 27 May 2016. 
  26. ^ Președintele Nicolae Timofti respinge candidatura domnului Vladimir Plahotniuc la funcția de prim-ministru (in Romanian)
  27. ^ Lista deputaților care au votat Guvernul condus de Pavel Filip (in Romanian)
  28. ^ "Proteste violente la Chisinau. Multimea a luat cu asalt Parlamentul, alesii au fost evacuati printr-o iesire secreta". Stirile Pro TV. 20 January 2016. 
  29. ^ Diana Robu, Ana Ilie (20 January 2016). "Haos la Chisinau - Guvern investit in secret, la miez de noapte". Ziare.com. 
  30. ^ Imogen Calderwood (20 January 2016). "Hundreds of protesters storm Moldovan parliament in anger after country appoints third prime minister in less than a year". Daily Mail. 
  31. ^ "Protesters in Moldovan capital storm parliament building". RT. 20 January 2016. 
  32. ^ "Preşedintele Timofti a amânat ceremonia de depunere a jurământului pentru Guvernul Filip după ce protestatarii au luat cu asalt Parlamentul". Adevărul. 20 January 2016. 
  33. ^ "În urma protestelor de ieri seara 15 persoane au ajuns la Spitalul de Urgență". Unimedia. 21 January 2016. 
  34. ^ Andrei Luca Popescu (20 January 2016). "CRIZĂ LA CHIŞINĂU. Proteste violente după votul în favoarea Guvernului Pavel Filip. Manifestanţii au intrat cu forţa în Parlament". Gândul. 
  35. ^ Protest de amploare față de învestirea Guvernului Filip. Jurnal.md
  36. ^ "Vlad Plahotniuc a fost ales președinte al Partidului Democrat din Republica Moldova". agerpres.ro. 24 December 2016. Retrieved 3 January 2017. 
  37. ^ Democratic Party proposes uninominal voting system in Moldova, opposition and Liberals oppose it
  38. ^ Democratic Party of Moldova proposes UNINOMINAL VOTING SYSTEM. Vlad Plahotniuc: Citizens to be able to dismiss MPs
  39. ^ Democratic leader Vlad Plahotniuc announces Government’s reshape! Number of ministries, cut to 9, after decision in ruling coalition
  40. ^ Miniştrii PL demisionează. Gheorghe Brega, Corina Fusu şi Valeriu Munteanu pleacă
  41. ^ OFICIAL! Brega, Chirinciuc, Fusu și Munteanu, revocați din Guvern. Dodon: Au fost cei mai neprofesioniști miniștri (VIDEO/DOC) (in Romanian)
  42. ^ Government's reform under implementation
  43. ^ Reforma Guvernului, votată de Parlamentul de la Chişinău
  44. ^ PD a angajat două firme de lobby pentru a-şi „lustrui” imaginea; „Borsetka” lui Plahotniuc a semnat contractele de jumătate de milion de dolari. independent.md, 18 August 2017 (in Romanian)

External links[edit]