Jorge Chávez International Airport

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Jorge Chávez International Airport
Aeropuerto Internacional Jorge Chávez
JorgeChavezAirportLima.jpg
Summary
Airport type Public international
Operator Lima Airport Partners
Serves Lima, Peru
Location Callao, Peru
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 34 m / 113 ft
Coordinates 12°01′19″S 077°06′52″W / 12.02194°S 77.11444°W / -12.02194; -77.11444Coordinates: 12°01′19″S 077°06′52″W / 12.02194°S 77.11444°W / -12.02194; -77.11444
Website www.lima-airport.com
Map
LIM is located in Lima
LIM
LIM
Location of airport in Lima
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
15/33 3,507 11,506 Asphalt
Statistics (2017)
Passengers 21,326,781
Freight (tonnes) 370,450,587
Aircraft movements 178,578
Source: corpac s.a. statistics[1]

Jorge Chávez International Airport (IATA: LIMICAO: SPJC, formerly SPIM), (Aeropuerto Internacional Jorge Chávez), is Peru's main international and domestic airport. It is located in Callao, 11 kilometers (7 mi) from Lima, the nation's capital city and 17 km (11 mi) from Miraflores. Callao, a port city, has integrated transport connections with Lima. During 2014, the airport served 18,170,035 passengers. Historically, the airport was the hub for Compañía de Aviación Faucett and Aeroperú. Now it serves as a hub for many aviation companies. The airport was named after Peruvian aviator Jorge Chávez (1887 - 1910).

History[edit]

Lima Airport in 1972 with a SATCO Douglas DC-4 operating an internal flight

Lima's first airport was the Limatambo Airport in San Isidro. It ceased operations in 1960 due to a lack of space and capacity. Also in 1960, the Lima-Callao International Airport opened. In June 1965, the Lima-Callao airport was renamed the "Aeropuerto Internacional Jorge Chávez" after the famous Peruvian aviator, Jorge Chávez Dartnell. In December 1965, the terminal building was officially opened.

When it was in operation, Compañía de Aviación Faucett had its corporate headquarters on the airport grounds.[2]

In 2001, in order to improve and expand its infrastructure, the government of Peru placed the airport under the management of Lima Airport Partners (LAP). LAP is now composed of Fraport and two other minor partners. The air traffic control is managed by the Peruvian Corporation of Airports and Commercial Aviation (CORPAC). The Peruvian government engaged Jaime Malagón, Jerome Jakubik, Paul Slocomb, and Víctor M. Marroquín of Baker and McKenzie international law firm, to oversee the changes.

Expansion[edit]

Main terminal

In February 2005, the first phase of a new renovation and expansion project was completed. This included the Peru Plaza Shopping Center and a new concourse. In June 2007, a four-star hotel, Ramada Costa del Sol, opened at the airport.

In January 2009, the second phase of the terminal expansion was commenced. The terminal has 28 gates, 19 with boarding bridges. In August 2009, the LAP announced that in 2010, the airport would have a new Instrument Landing System (ILS CAT III) to help with fog landings.[3] 'Arquitectonica", a Miami-based architectural office and Lima Airport Partners planned a second terminal and expansion of the main terminal.

Accolades[edit]

From 2010 to 2012, the LAP received the annual Best Airport in South America 2010 award from Skytrax.[4][5][6][7] [8]

In March 2010, the Sumaq VIP lounge at the airport received its second annual Priority Pass "Lounge of the Year 2010".[9][10][11][12][13]

Transport and facilities[edit]

Food court

Transportation between the airport and the city is provided by taxis, tour buses and vans. Airport Express Lima is the official bus of Jorge Chávez Airport and operates between the airport and Miraflores. Line 2 and Line 4 of the Lima Metro is currently under construction, with a airport rail station terminal expected to be open by 2019.

The airport hosts the Wyndham Costa del Sol hotel which is located adjacent to the control tower and the arrivals exit. The hotel is built with noise canceling panels. The Peru Plaza Shopping Center is located near the passenger terminal in the Grand Concourse area. The food court is located near the entrance of the passenger terminal on the second floor and is always open. There is an ice cream vendor selling some special Peruvian flavours such as Chirimoya and Lucuma.

The airport has various premium lounges in the departures terminal, such as VIP Peru. For passengers in First class, there is an exclusive salon near the gates, the VIP Club.

On 12 May 2009, the airport opened Lima Cargo City, a hub for cargo airlines.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Aerolíneas Argentinas Buenos Aires–Ezeiza
Aeroméxico Mexico City
Air Canada Rouge Montréal–Trudeau (begins December 16, 2017),[14] Toronto–Pearson
Air Europa Madrid
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
American Airlines Dallas/Fort Worth, Miami
ATSA charter: Chachapoyas
Avianca Bogotá
Avianca Costa Rica San José (CR), Santiago de Chile
Avianca Ecuador Guayaquil, La Paz, Quito, Santa Cruz de la Sierra
Avianca El Salvador San Salvador
Avianca Peru Arequipa, Cuzco, Iquitos, Juliaca, Piura, Puerto Maldonado, Trujillo, Asunción, Bogotá, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Cali, Cancún, Havana, Medellín–JMC, Mexico City, Miami, Montevideo, Porto Alegre, Punta Cana, Rio de Janeiro–Galeão, San Salvador, São Paulo–Guarulhos, Santiago de Chile
Avior Airlines Barcelona (VE)[15]
British Airways Seasonal: London-Gatwick[16]
Copa Airlines Panama City
Delta Air Lines Atlanta
Estelar Latinoamerica Caracas
Iberia Madrid
Interjet Mexico City
JetBlue Airways Fort Lauderdale
JetSmart Santiago de Chile (Begins December 20, 2017)
KLM Amsterdam
LATAM Argentina Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Mendoza
LATAM Brasil Santiago de Chile, São Paulo–Guarulhos
LATAM Chile Los Angeles, New York–JFK, Santiago de Chile
LATAM Colombia Bogotá
LATAM Ecuador Guayaquil, Quito, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza
LATAM Paraguay Asunción
LATAM Perú Arequipa, Ayacucho, Cajamarca, Chiclayo, Cuzco, Iquitos, Jaén, Jauja,[17] Juliaca, Piura, Pucallpa, Puerto Maldonado, Tacna, Talara, Tarapoto, Trujillo, Tumbes, Antofagasta, Barcelona, Bogotá, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Cancún, Cartagena, Córdoba, Foz do Iguaçu, Havana, La Paz, Los Angeles, Madrid, Medellín–JMC (begins February 26, 2018),[18] Mexico City, Miami, Montevideo, New York–JFK, Orlando, Punta Cana, Rio de Janeiro–Galeão,[19] Rosario, Salta, San José (CR) (begins January 2, 2018),[20] San Miguel de Tucumán, Santa Cruz de la Sierra–Viru Viru, Santiago de Chile, São Paulo–Guarulhos, Washington-Dulles
Latin American Wings Caracas, Port-au-Prince, Punta Cana, Santiago de Chile
LC Perú Andahuaylas, Arequipa, Ayacucho, Cajamarca, Chiclayo, Cuzco, Huánuco, Pucallpa, Huaraz, Jauja, Tingo María, Trujillo
Peruvian Airlines Arequipa, Cuzco, Iquitos, Jauja, La Paz, Piura, Pucallpa, Tacna, Tarapoto
Plus Ultra Líneas Aéreas Madrid
Sky Airline Santiago de Chile
Spirit Airlines Fort Lauderdale
Star Perú Cuzco, Huánuco, Iquitos, Ilo, Pisco, Pucallpa, Puerto Maldonado, Tarapoto
TAME Quito
United Airlines Houston–Intercontinental, Newark
Viva Air Peru Arequipa, Chiclayo, Cuzco,[21] Iquitos, Piura, Tarapoto, Trujillo[22]
Viva Colombia Bogotá

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
LATAM Cargo Brasil Campinas Viracopos, Miami
Atlas Air Miami
Avianca Cargo Bogotá, Medellin-Córdova, Miami
Centurion Air Cargo Miami
Cielos Airlines Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Mexico City, Miami, Quito
KF Cargo Miami
Florida West International Airways Miami
Korean Air Cargo Campinas Viracopos, Los Angeles, Miami, Seoul-Incheon
LATAM Cargo Chile Miami
LATAM Cargo Colombia Rio de Janeiro-Galeão
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt
Martinair Quito
LATAM Cargo Mexico Campinas Viracopos, Mexico City
Qatar Airways Cargo Campinas Viracopos, Doha
Sky Lease Cargo Amsterdam, Campinas Viracopos, Ciudad del Este, Bogotá, Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Caracas, Manaus, Medellin, Montevideo, Quito, Rio de Janeiro-Galeão, Santiago de Chile
UPS Airlines Miami

Statistics[edit]

Year 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Passengers (People) 5,100,000 5,700,000 6,000,000 7,500,000 8,285,688 8,768,973 10,278,493 11,904,553 13,324,379 15,295,809 16,170,035 17,575,919 19,326,781
Cargo (Tons) 171,500 177,100 196,900 225,400 239,100 232,400 271,800 286,600 293,675 321,174 335,223 350,844 TBD

Access[edit]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • November 27, 1962: Varig Flight 810, a Boeing 707-441 registration PP-VJB flying from Rio de Janeiro-Galeão to Jorge Chávez International Airport, after initiating an overshoot procedure at the suggestion of the control tower because it was too high, proceeded to start another approach when it crashed into La Cruz peak, 8 miles from the airport. Possibly there was a misinterpretation of navigation instruments. All 97 passengers and crew aboard died.[23][24]
  • May 8, 1964: an Argentine Air Force Douglas C-54 registration T-47 flying from Buenos Aires to Jorge Chávez International Airport crashed into a sand dune during approach in poor visibility conditions, killing 46 of 49 people on board.[25]
  • December 8, 1987: a Peruvian Navy Fokker 27-400M registration AE-560 flying from Pucallpa to Jorge Chávez International Airport chartered by the Alianza Lima football team crashed into the Pacific Ocean shortly before landing. A malfunctioning cockpit indicator made the crew believe that the landing gear was not properly deployed and locked, so they requested the control tower allow the plane to make a low pass for a visual check by ground personnel. After receiving the confirmation that the landing gear was down, the aircraft circled the airport for another attempt to land, but plunged into the ocean instead, killing all on board except the pilot.[26]
  • March 10, 1989: an Aero Condor Britten-Norman BN-2A Islander registration OB-1271 flying from Nazca to Jorge Chavez International Airport crashed into a building during approach killing all on board, apparently due to fuel exhaustion.[27]
  • April 15, 1995: an Imperial Air Tupolev Tu-134A-3 registration OB-1553 flying from Cusco to Jorge Chavez International Airport suffered a tyre failure after departure. The crew decided to continue the flight to Lima, but the left main landing gear did not extend during landing. There were no fatalities, but the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.[28]
  • October 2, 1996: Flight 603, an AeroPerú Boeing 757-23A registration N52AW flying the Miami-Lima-Santiago, Chile route crashed into the Pacific Ocean some minutes after its take off from Jorge Chávez International Airport, killing all on board. The accident investigation found that masking tape was accidentally left over the static ports during maintenance, rendering the airspeed indicator, altimeter and vertical speed indicator unreliable.[29]
  • On October 11, 2013 an Airbus A320 (registration N492TA) from Taca Airlines, made an emergency landing at 8:20am Local Time. The pilot declared an emergency due to smoke in the cockpit. The aircraft was en route from Jorge Chávez International Airport to El Salvador International Airport, San Salvador, El Salvador. There were 31 passengers plus crew on board. The aircraft landed safely.[30]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.corpac.gob.pe/Main.asp?T=5274
  2. ^ World Airline Directory. Flight International. March 22–28, 1995. 64 (- 0749.PDF PDF). Retrieved on June 9, 2016. "Compañía de Aviación Faucett[...]Aeropuerto Jorge Chávez, Apartado 1429, Lima, Peru"
  3. ^ "Peru this Week". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  4. ^ Lima Airport: Best Airport in South America 2010 Archived 2010-12-22 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ El Comercio (4 June 2015). "Jorge Chávez es el Aeropuerto Líder en Sudamérica 2010, según "The Wall Street Journal"". EL COMERCIO. Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  6. ^ "Airline Rating and Reviews – Airport Rating and Reviews – Seat Reviews". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  7. ^ World Travel Awards 2012 Archived 2012-04-22 at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ "Aeropuerto Jorge Chávez fue elegido el mejor de Sudamérica por cuarta vez". Perú.com. Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  9. ^ "Airport Lounge Access Worldwide – Priority Pass". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  10. ^ "VIP Club". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  11. ^ "Priority Pass Lounge of the Year 2010 – Recent News of Interest – Priority Pass". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  12. ^ El Comercio (4 June 2015). "La sala vip del aeropuerto Jorge Chávez fue elegida la mejor del mundo por viajeros". EL COMERCIO. Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  13. ^ El Comercio (4 June 2015). "Conozca la sala vip del aeropuerto Jorge Chávez, la mejor del mundo". EL COMERCIO. Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  14. ^ https://aircanada.mediaroom.com/2017-09-28-Air-Canada-Expands-its-Global-Network-from-Montreal-with-New-Service-to-Bucharest-Romania-and-Lisbon-Portugal
  15. ^ http://tnews.com.pe/avior-unira-lima-y-ciudad-venezolana-de-barcelona-a-partir-del-16-de-julio/
  16. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/272269/british-airways-removes-lima-nw17-schedule/
  17. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/273365/latam-peru-adds-jauja-service-from-july-2017/
  18. ^ https://www.flightglobal.com/news/articles/latam-peru-to-challenge-avianca-on-lima-medellin-442918/
  19. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/273702/latam-peru-adds-rio-de-janeiro-flight-from-oct-2017/?highlight=lima
  20. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/273058/latam-peru-plans-costa-rica-launch-in-january-2018/
  21. ^ https://vivaair.com/pe/vuelos-baratos/pasajes-en-promocion/lima-cusco
  22. ^ https://vivaair.com/pe/vuelos-baratos/pasajes-en-promocion/lima-trujillo
  23. ^ Harro Ranter (27 November 1962). "ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 707-441 PP-VJB Lima-Callao International Airport (LIM)". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  24. ^ Germano da Silva, Carlos Ari César (2008). "Back course". O rastro da bruxa: história da aviação comercial brasileira no século XX através dos seus acidentes 1928-1996 (in Portuguese) (2 ed.). Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS. pp. 217–222. ISBN 978-85-7430-760-2. 
  25. ^ Harro Ranter (8 May 1964). "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas C-54A-DO (DC-4) T-47 Lima International Airport (LIM)". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  26. ^ Harro Ranter (8 December 1987). "ASN Aircraft accident Fokker F-27 Friendship 400M AE-560 Lima-Jorge Chavez International Airport (LIM)". Archived from the original on 5 August 2009. Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  27. ^ Harro Ranter (10 March 1989). "ASN Aircraft accident IRMA/Britten-Norman BN-2A Islander OB-T-1271 Lima". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  28. ^ Harro Ranter (15 April 1995). "ASN Aircraft accident Tupolev 134A-3 OB-1553 Lima-J Chavez International Airport (LIM)". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  29. ^ Harro Ranter (2 October 1996). "ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 757-23A N52AW Lima, Peru". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  30. ^ "INAC". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Jorge Chávez International Airport at Wikimedia Commons